Columbia University Archives
 

University Protest and Activism Collection, 1958-2018, bulk 1968-1972

Series VIII: Students: Groups, 1966-1975

The student strikes that occurred at Columbia between 1968 and 1972 figure prominently in the material found in this series. This series contains extensive holdings on three campus organizations in particular; the Strike Coordinating/Steering Committee (SCC), the Columbia chapter of Students for a Democratic Society (SDS), and Students for a Restructured University (SRU). The SCC, formed by the Columbia chapter of SDS, was composed of representatives from the various units of the University and from other student organizations and quickly assumed the mantle of strike leadership from the Columbia University Student Council (CUSC) and the Coalition of Student Leaders (CSC), whose early activities are also recorded here. The Columbia chapter of SDS had taken an early activist lead on a cluster of issues that prompted student unrest and ultimately the strike. Among them were the proposed gymnasium and other instances of campus expansion, the University's relationship with the Institute for Defense Analysis (IDA) and the School of International Affairs, ROTC and military research recruiting, and conditions for campus workers. SRU sponsored numerous strike activities and these materials reveal their role in the administration's efforts to address student concerns about the governing structure of Columbia, including the group's co-sponsorship of hearings on University restructuring.

Numerous other student organizations active during the 1968 strike are represented in this series, including the Students' Afro-American Society and the groups of students who occupied campus buildings, known as "communes." Beyond formal organizations, students acting independently or in informal associations are represented by items in the files titled "Students – Unaffiliated," which contain open letters, petitions, and other public statements, as well as accounts of strike events. While the bulk of the material relating to the 1968 strike in this series was produced by pro-strike organizations, the voices of strike opponents are also evident. The Majority Coalition, Students for Columbia University, Students for a Free Campus, and the Committee for the Defense of Property Rights criticized the actions of the SCC, SDS, SRU, and other leading student groups. These strike opponents urged students to avoid strike demonstrations and to attend regularly scheduled classes.

A smaller amount of material exists for the student strikes of 1969, 1970, 1971, and 1972. Renewed demonstrations and strike activity in 1969 were prompted by continuing student concern with Columbia's role as a landlord in the neighboring community, as well as the presence of ROTC, military recruiters, and military researchers on campus. Demands for the development of a black studies curriculum also played a contributing role.

Numerous student organizations at Columbia in the late 1960s and early 1970s precipitated disruptions that addressed other campus issues. Columbia's control of real estate in the Morningside Heights neighborhood and its relationship to the local community were taken up by, among others, the Community Action Committee, the Columbia-Barnard Citizenship Council and its Morningside Housing Committee. The literature produced by these groups, such as the Citizenship Council's detailed report entitled Columbia and the Community: Past Policy and New Directions, provided analyses of the campus expansion issue. This and a cluster of topics featured in the strikes prompted activist efforts for a slate of student groups: military and war research recruiting on campus, Columbia's defense and intelligence contacts through the IDA and the School of International Affairs, conditions for campus workers, the role of students in the governance of the University.

International affairs, particularly U.S. foreign relations, were of great interest to student groups at Columbia. The ubiquitous issue, of course, was the American military presence in Southeast Asia. Opposition to the Vietnam War was expressed, in some form, by nearly every student organization represented in this series. It was a major part of the program of SDS and other groups that addressed multiple issues, often in the context of protest against American "imperialism." Numerous campus organizations emerged from the mid 1960s though mid 1970s for the primary purpose of expressing opposition to the war and the draft, among them Action for Peace, the Moratorium Coalition, the Resistance at Columbia, and the Student Mobilization Committee to End the War. Their voluminous literature is contained in this series; as is material issued by unidentified student groups.

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Box 9 Folder 40 Organization Descriptions and Membership Lists, 1968


Box 9 Folder 41 Student Strike Literature, 1968


Box 9 Folder 42 Action Committee to Crush Columbia Racism, circa, 1970


Box 9 Folder 43 Action for Peace, 1970


Box 9 Folder 44 Ad Hoc Committee for an Open Student Meeting, 1968


Box 9 Folder 45 Ad Hoc Committee of Staff and Students, 1968


Box 9 Folder 46 Ad Hoc Committee Against the Anti-Ballistic Missile, 1969-1970


Box 9 Folder 47 Ad Hoc Committee to End the War in Vietnam, 1968


Box 9 Folder 48 American Liberation League, 1966


Box 9 Folder 49 Anti-Vietnam War Events Literature, 1967-1973


Box 9 Folder 50 Anti-War Corporation Coalition, 1972


Box 9 Folder 51 Arts Festival for the Benefit of Political Prisoners, 1970


Box 9 Folder 52 Asian-American Political Alliance, 1970-1972


Box 9 Folder 53 Asian-Americans, 1971


Box 9 Folder 54 Citizens Concerned About the Draft, Undated


Box 9 Folder 55 City College Committee, 1968


Box 9 Folder 56 The Collective Fist: Newspaper of the Columbia Strike, 1968



Box 10 Folder 1 Solkoff, Joel Correspondence, Memoir, and Student Strike Literature,, 1968-1972, 1999


Box 10 Folder 2 Columbia Anti Imperialist Movement, 1971-1973


Box 10 Folder 3 Columbia and Barnard Citizenship Council and Community Service Council,, 1966-1971


Box 10 Folder 4 Morningside Housing Committee, 1968-1969


Box 10 Folder 5 Columbia Christian Fellowship, 1968


Box 10 Folder 6 Columbia Committee for Harrisburg Defendants, 1971


Box 10 Folder 7 Columbia Committee to Keep Biafra Alive, 1968


Box 10 Folder 8 Columbia's Committee to Counter-Act Repression, 1971


Box 10 Folder 9 Columbia Coordinating Committee, 1970


Box 10 Folder 10 Columbia Draft Collective, 1971


Box 10 Folder 11 The Columbia Free Press, 1970


Box 10 Folder 12 Columbia Labor Committee, 1970-1972


Box 10 Folder 13 Columbia Seniors Against the War, 1971


Box 10 Folder 14 Columbia Student Movement, American Student Movement, 1970-1971


Box 10 Folder 15 Committee for the Defense of Property Rights, 1968


Box 10 Folder 16 Committee for Free Inquiry-- Feedback: A Journal of Social Commentary, with articles by Serge Lang,, 1967


Box 10 Folder 17 Committee for Peace Politics, 1967


Box 10 Folder 18 Committee for a Radical History, 1972


Box 10 Folder 19 Committee of Columbia University African Students, 1968


Box 10 Folder 20 Committee of Concerned Asian Scholars, 1970-1972


Box 10 Folder 21 Committee on the Environmental Teach-In, 1970


Box 10 Folder 22 Committee to Aid Anti-War Government Issues, 1968-1970


Box 10 Folder 23 Community Action Committee, 1968


Box 10 Folder 24 Conferences, Programs, Teach-Ins and Performances--Unsponsored, 1968-1972, Undated, 1968-1972, Undated


Box 10 Folder 25 Conservative Union, 1968


Box 10 Folder 26 Counter-Commencement, 1970


Box 10 Folder 27 December Fourth Movement, 1970


Box 10 Folder 28 Dienbienphu Family, 1971


Box 10 Folder 29 Ferris Booth Hall Board of Managers, 1968


Box 10 Folder 30 The Forum--Excerpts from Address Given by Howard Zinn to Students and University in Our Age of Social Action,, 1968


Box 10 Folder 31 Free University, 1968


Box 10 Folder 32 Gadfly--Sponsored by the Protestant Office, 1968


Box 10 Folder 33 Grad Students to End the War, 1967


Box 10 Folder 34 Graduate Student Union, 1968-1970


Box 10 Folder 35 Green Armbands, 1968


Box 10 Folder 36 Hartley Hall Committee, 1970-1971


Box 10 Folder 37 Housing: Program to Activate Community Talent, 1968


Humor and Satire Groups Publications



Box 11 Folder 1 Columbia 69 Society


Box 11 Folder 1 Columbia Italian Americans


Box 11 Folder 1 Columbia Unreconstructed Restructurers


Box 11 Folder 1 Sham-Rock Association


Box 11 Folder 1 Silas Q. Jester


Box 11 Folder 1 Sons of Gael


Box 11 Folder 1 Students Demanding Sex, 1968-1969


Box 11 Folder 2 Independent Committee for Understanding the Strike-Letter to Parents,, 1968


Box 11 Folder 3 Independent Committee of Students and Faculty, 1968


Box 11 Folder 4 Independent Committee on Vietnam, 1966-1972


Box 11 Folder 5 Independent Radicals Association, 1968


Box 11 Folder 6 International Socialists, 1969-1972


Box 11 Folder 7 International Students, 1968-1972


Box 11 Folder 8 Isaiah 2-4 Committee, 1972


Box 11 Folder 9 Janet Benderman Weekly Review, 1969-1970


Box 11 Folder 10 Laos Emergency Committee, 1970


Box 11 Folder 11 Latin American Student Organization, 1970-1975


Box 11 Folder 12 Liberation Study Group, 1968


Box 11 Folder 13 Majority Coalition, 1968-1972


Box 11 Folder 14 Mao Tse Tung Thought Group, 1972


Box 11 Folder 15 McIntosh Anti War Activities Center, 1972



Box 87 Folder 19 Mathematics Building Commune, April 1968


Moratorium Coalition



Box 11 Folder 16 October 15 Coalition


Box 11 Folder 16 Vietnam Moratorium Committee, 1968-1969


Box 11 Folder 17 New American Tea Party, 1971


Box 11 Folder 18 New Leftist Forum, 1968


Box 11 Folder 19 New University Conference, 1969-1971


Box 11 Folder 20 New York Regional Coalition of Students and Faculty, 1969


Box 11 Folder 21 to 22 Occupiers of Buildings--Student Statements and Correspondence, Group Positions, 1968, 1972, 1968, 1972, (2 Folders)


Box 11 Folder 23 Off-Campus Action Network, 1970


Box 11 Folder 24 Pacifist Anarchist Bisexual Psychedelic Conspiracy, 1968-1969


Box 11 Folder 25 Peace and Freedom Party, 1968


Box 11 Folder 26 People's Peace Treaty Conference, 1971


Box 11 Folder 27 President's Advisory Committee on Student Life--Student Representatives,, 1968


Box 11 Folder 28 Progressive Labor Party, 1968-1972


Box 11 Folder 29 Radical Caucus, 1970


Box 11 Folder 30 Radical Jewish Union, 1970


Box 11 Folder 31 The Resistance at Columbia, 1967-1969


Box 11 Folder 32 Revolutionary Marxist Caucus, 1971


Box 11 Folder 33 Revolutionary Student Brigade, Poison Ivy, 1974-1975


Box 11 Folder 34 Seize the Time, 1970


Box 11 Folder 35 Service Societies--A Referendum, 1968


Box 11 Folder 36 Socialism Study Group Project, 1971


Box 11 Folder 37 Spartacus Youth League, 1967-1971


Box 11 Folder 38 Special Committee of the Board of Trustees and Temple Committee--Student Representatives,, 1968


Box 11 Folder 39 Step Sitters and Sympathizers, 1968


Box 11 Folder 40 Strike! Committee and Coalition of Student Leaders, 1968


Box 11 Folder 41 to 42 Strike Coordinating Committee and Strike Steering Committee, 1968, (2 Folders)



Box 12 Folder 1 to 4 Strike Coordinating Committee and Steering Committee, 1968-1970, Undated, 1968-1970, Undated, (4 Folders)


Box 12 Folder 5 Meeting Minutes, 1968


Box 12 Folder 6 Columbia Liberated, 1968


Box 12 Folder 7 The Rational Enquirer, 1968


Box 12 Folder 8 Why We Strike, 1968


Box 12 Folder 9 Reconstruction Committee, 1968


Box 12 Folder 10 The Time: Columbia Strike Bulletin, 1970


Box 12 Folder 11 Strike Central and Strike Office, 1972


Box 12 Folder 12 to 13 Strike Education Committee and Liberation School--Includes Liberation Class Schedules and Notices,, 1968, (2 Folders)


Box 12 Folder 14 Strike Journal, 1972


Box 12 Folder 15 Student Council, 1967-1971


Box 12 Folder 16 Student Draft Information Center, Dodge Hall Group, 1967-1969


Box 12 Folder 17 Student Faculty Committee on Naval Reserve Officers Training Corps,, 1969


Box 12 Folder 18 Student Guard Organizing Committee, 1969



Box 13 Folder 1 Student Homophile League, 1968


Box 13 Folder 2 Student-Labor Solidarity Committee, 1970


Box 13 Folder 3 Student Mobilization Committee to End the War, 1968-1972


Box 13 Folder 4 to 5 Students--Unaffiliated: Accounts, Chronologies and Commentaries--Public Statements, Individual and Joint,, 1968-1969, (2 Folders)


Box 13 Folder 6 Students--Unidentified--Handwritten and Typed Correspondence, 1968-1969


Box 13 Folder 7 Students for Columbia University, 1968-1970


Box 13 Folder 8 to 11 Students for a Democratic Society--Miscellaneous Documents, 1967-1972, (4 Folders)



Box 14 Folder 1 Students for a Democratic Society--Miscellaneous Documents, 1967-1972


Publications


Box 14 Folder 2 The Columbia Statement, 1968


Box 14 Folder 3 The Hard Core, 1968-1969


Box 14 Folder 4 New Left Notes, 1970-1972


Box 14 Folder 5 The Paper Tiger: Journal of Columbia University Students for a Democratic Society,, 1967-1968


Box 14 The Junior Paper Tiger: Journal of Columbia University Students for a Democratic Society,, 1967-1968


Box 14 Folder 6 Up Against the Wall, 1968


Box 14 Folder 7 Labor Committee (Successor Columbia Labor Committee), 1967-1970


Box 14 Folder 8 Students for a Free Campus, 1968-1969


Box 14 Folder 9 to 11 Students for a Restructured University--Includes Restructuring Questionnaire and the Student Voice,, 1968-1969, (3 Folders)


Box 14 Folder 12 Students in East Asian Studies, 1968


Box 14 Folder 13 Students Seeking Responsive Representation, 1968


Box 14 Folder 14 Students Summoned Before the Dean for Disciplinary Action--The Sixty Bad Boys,, 1968


Box 14 Folder 15 Student Afro-American Society


Box 14 Folder 16 Third World Coalition, 1970-1972


Box 14 Folder 17 Tomorrow Press: A Newspaper, 1968


Box 14 Folder 18 Transcendental Students, 1970


Box 14 Folder 19 Undergraduate Academic Affairs Committee, 1968


Box 14 Folder 20 University Action Group, 1972


Box 14 Folder 21 University Committee for a Relevant Education, 1968


Box 14 Folder 22 University Senate Elections Committee, 1969



Box 15 Folder 1 Valuable Property Recovery Unit, 1968


Box 15 Folder 2 Veterans and Reservists for Peace, 1970


Box 15 Folder 3 War Against Racism, 1970


Box 15 Folder 4 Work Stoppage Committee, 1970-1972


Box 15 Folder 5 Worker-Student Alliance Caucus, 1969


Box 15 Folder 6 Worker-Student-Community Coalition, 1971


Box 15 Folder 7 Workers League Club of Columbia, 1970


Box 15 Folder 8 Young People's Socialist League, 1971


Box 15 Folder 9 Young Republicans, 1969


Box 15 Folder 10 Young Socialist Alliance, 1967-1975


Box 15 Folder 11 Youth Against War and Fascism, 1968-1970