Columbia University Archives
 

University Protest and Activism Collection, 1958-2018, bulk 1968-1972

Summary Information

Abstract

The student strikes of this era, in particular that of 1968, represent the main focus of the collection, although other issues and many voices are expressed. The collection contains material authored by Columbia University administration, faculty, students, as well as non-affiliated organizations and individuals.

At a Glance

Call No.: UA#0007
Bib ID 4080180 View CLIO record
Creator(s) Columbia University. Archives
Title University Protest and Activism Collection, 1958-2018, bulk 1968-1972
Physical Description 38.59 linear feet (82 document boxes, 1 half-sized document box, 4 record storage cartons)
Language(s) English .
Access

This collection is located onsite.

This collection has no restrictions. Some personal material may be restricted due to the presence of personal names and information.

Arrangement

Arrangement

Arranged in 13 series.

Description

Summary

The collection consists primarily of flyers, correspondence, news clippings and releases, transcripts of electronic media reports, memoranda, legal documents and meeting minutes. The bulk of the material held in this collection relates to the 1968 strike, however, strikes and protests are documented as well: 1969, 1970, 1971 and 1972 strikes prompted by student opposition to the Vietnam War, the draft, the presence of the Reserve Officers' Training Corps, military recruiters, concerns of Columbia's contribution to the war effort through the School of International Affairs programs and research performed by professors associated with the U.S. Department of Defense's Jason project. There is also extensive documentation on a number of student organizations, one of which was the Columbia chapter of Students for a Democratic Society (SDS), the most instrumental in channeling student activities into demonstrations and other strike activity.

  • Series I: Administration, 1965-1972

    This series contains correspondence, legal documents, memoranda, news releases, reports, and other public statements documenting the actions of Columbia University's administration prior, and in response, to the campus protests of the mid-1960s through mid-1970s. The files are arranged hierarchically and then alphabetically. Folders for Columbia's Board of Trustees are followed by files for the president and then by other University offices (arranged alphabetically). Within this listing of offices are subject-oriented folders entitled "Chronologies," "Legal Proceedings Involving Students," and "Witnesses to Student Demonstrations," which contain documents used by Columbia administrators but not traceable to any one office.

    The documents contained in the files for University trustees pertain primarily to the student strike of 1968. Correspondence from alumni, parents, and the general public indicate attitudes regarding the University's response to the strike, which is documented by public statements found here. The reports of the Special Committee of the Trustees reveal efforts to examine and alter the university's governing structure. Materials for the three University presidents in office during this era cover a wider range of topics including: president's public statements representing the University's response to the strikes and protests, and its position on the underlying issues that prompted this activism.

    The materials organized by office and by subject demonstrate various administrative responses to student protests. These include public statements by chief academic officers David B. Truman, Provost, and Vice President for Academic Planning Herbert A. Deane, as well as memoranda, notes, and other administrative records of Harold E. Emerson, a chief presidential aide. News releases issued by the Office of Public Information reveal the university's public voice on the events of the era. Legal pleadings and associated records document the administration's disciplinary actions against student protesters.

  • Series II: Administration; Schools, Departments and Programs, 1968-1970

    Items in this series, including correspondence, meeting minutes, memoranda, notes, and reports demonstrate the response of Columbia University's constituent units to student protests and demands for curricular and governance reform. Present are statements by deans and other officials concerning class attendance, examination schedules, grading, and procedures for other routine academic activities during the strike periods. More significant are statements taking positions on the actions and demands of protesters, as well as materials documenting disciplinary action taken against students.

  • Series III: Alumni and Parents, 1968-1971

    Correspondence, memoranda, flyers, notices, and other public statements created by alumni and parental organizations are contained in this series. The former include alumni associations and alumni groups organized on the basis of identity and issues. The materials contained within the files for these organizations reflect alumni views on the student unrest at Columbia, the University's response, and its potential restructuring. Letters from individual alumni to the associations, the report by Alumni Federation President Laurence E. Walsh, and public statements and publications by alumni groups are particularly useful sources. Alumni groups also addressed high profile topics, including the Vietnam War. Documentation produced by parental groups relates to the 1968 student upheaval at Columbia and its consequences, and, to a much lesser extent, anti-war activism. Materials found in Box 73 are part of Accession

  • Series IV: Commissions and Committees, 1950-1970, bulk 1966-1969

    This series documents the efforts of University-appointed commissions and committees to examine campus unrest, particularly the 1968 strike, and to address the issues that prompted the upheaval. It also includes material relating to conferences at which issues like student protest, the Vietnam War, and civil rights were discussed. Reports, hearing proceedings, news releases, and flyers represent the types of items found in this series. The bulk of the series relates to the work of the "Fact Finding Commission Appointed to Investigate the Disturbances at Columbia University in April and May 1968," published and popularly known as the Cox Commission report. Available here, in addition to the commission's final report that presents a narrative and analysis of the strike, are the proceedings of the hearings at which witnesses were examined. Reports issued by bodies addressing discipline, university governance, ROTC, and relations with external research funding agencies are also contained in this series, as is documentation on the University Senate, which was created in the aftermath of the strike.

  • Series V: External Organizations, 1967-1974

    This series contains flyers, notices, and other public statements created by organizations unaffiliated with Columbia, but which dealt with issues concerning the University, the Morningside Heights area, or New York City at large. Groups that held events at Columbia and recruited members of the campus community to their causes are also represented here. In contrast to most of the collection, these materials have been grouped according to the issues addressed by these organizations, under headings like "Anti-Vietnam War" or "Labor." The folder headings represent topics relating to Columbia University, principally the 1968 Student Strike, as well as broader local, national, or international issues. These materials provide a useful perspective on how non-Columbia individuals and organizations viewed events at Columbia in this time period. A particularly useful resource for examining the university's relationship with the community is the file on Columbia's campus expansion and landlord role, which includes information on the long-running conflict over the proposed site for the university's School of Pharmacy.

  • Series VI: Faculty and Staff: Groups, 1967-1975

    Flyers, news releases, reports, and other kinds of public statements and publications comprise this series. The groups represented here include faculty and staff organizations varying widely in type and aim. Important bodies included in this series are faculty committees, such as the Executive Committee of the Faculty formed to deal with the 1968 strike and other student protests, or controversial issues like the role of ROTC on campus. Issue-oriented groups are also represented in the series, which address national topics, including the Vietnam War (i.e., the Faculty Peace Action Committee) and Columbia-specific situations. The Radical Faculty Group and Employees for March 25th, for example, were active on the matters of student protests at Columbia, disciplinary actions taken against participating students, and attempts to reform the university's governing structure. Other campus issues of interest to faculty groups included civil rights issues such as working conditions for employees, campus expansion, programs for black students, and military research on campus. Other groups, such as Scientists and Engineers for Social and Political Action, were Columbia chapters of national or regional organizations. An important body of material may be found within the file entitled "Faculty Members – Unaffiliated – Public Statements – Individual, Joint," which contains petitions, open letters, and other public statements by individuals and groups of faculty members taking positions on various issues, in particular the 1968 strike.

  • Series VII: Faculty and Staff: Schools, Departments, Programs, 1968-1972

    This series contains flyers, news releases, meeting minutes, and other public statements created by faculty members and staff from various schools, departments, and programs within Columbia University. While some of the documentation touches on the response to national issues like the Vietnam War, the bulk of the material in this series deals with student protest activity at Columbia, especially the 1968 strike. Also addressed are issues of curricular and governance reform within individual schools and departments and the university as a whole, as well as working conditions for staff members.

  • Series VIII: Students: Groups, 1966-1975

    The student strikes that occurred at Columbia between 1968 and 1972 figure prominently in the material found in this series. This series contains extensive holdings on three campus organizations in particular; the Strike Coordinating/Steering Committee (SCC), the Columbia chapter of Students for a Democratic Society (SDS), and Students for a Restructured University (SRU). The SCC, formed by the Columbia chapter of SDS, was composed of representatives from the various units of the University and from other student organizations and quickly assumed the mantle of strike leadership from the Columbia University Student Council (CUSC) and the Coalition of Student Leaders (CSC), whose early activities are also recorded here. The Columbia chapter of SDS had taken an early activist lead on a cluster of issues that prompted student unrest and ultimately the strike. Among them were the proposed gymnasium and other instances of campus expansion, the University's relationship with the Institute for Defense Analysis (IDA) and the School of International Affairs, ROTC and military research recruiting, and conditions for campus workers. SRU sponsored numerous strike activities and these materials reveal their role in the administration's efforts to address student concerns about the governing structure of Columbia, including the group's co-sponsorship of hearings on University restructuring.

    Numerous other student organizations active during the 1968 strike are represented in this series, including the Students' Afro-American Society and the groups of students who occupied campus buildings, known as "communes." Beyond formal organizations, students acting independently or in informal associations are represented by items in the files titled "Students – Unaffiliated," which contain open letters, petitions, and other public statements, as well as accounts of strike events. While the bulk of the material relating to the 1968 strike in this series was produced by pro-strike organizations, the voices of strike opponents are also evident. The Majority Coalition, Students for Columbia University, Students for a Free Campus, and the Committee for the Defense of Property Rights criticized the actions of the SCC, SDS, SRU, and other leading student groups. These strike opponents urged students to avoid strike demonstrations and to attend regularly scheduled classes.

    A smaller amount of material exists for the student strikes of 1969, 1970, 1971, and 1972. Renewed demonstrations and strike activity in 1969 were prompted by continuing student concern with Columbia's role as a landlord in the neighboring community, as well as the presence of ROTC, military recruiters, and military researchers on campus. Demands for the development of a black studies curriculum also played a contributing role.

    Numerous student organizations at Columbia in the late 1960s and early 1970s precipitated disruptions that addressed other campus issues. Columbia's control of real estate in the Morningside Heights neighborhood and its relationship to the local community were taken up by, among others, the Community Action Committee, the Columbia-Barnard Citizenship Council and its Morningside Housing Committee. The literature produced by these groups, such as the Citizenship Council's detailed report entitled Columbia and the Community: Past Policy and New Directions, provided analyses of the campus expansion issue. This and a cluster of topics featured in the strikes prompted activist efforts for a slate of student groups: military and war research recruiting on campus, Columbia's defense and intelligence contacts through the IDA and the School of International Affairs, conditions for campus workers, the role of students in the governance of the University.

    International affairs, particularly U.S. foreign relations, were of great interest to student groups at Columbia. The ubiquitous issue, of course, was the American military presence in Southeast Asia. Opposition to the Vietnam War was expressed, in some form, by nearly every student organization represented in this series. It was a major part of the program of SDS and other groups that addressed multiple issues, often in the context of protest against American "imperialism." Numerous campus organizations emerged from the mid 1960s though mid 1970s for the primary purpose of expressing opposition to the war and the draft, among them Action for Peace, the Moratorium Coalition, the Resistance at Columbia, and the Student Mobilization Committee to End the War. Their voluminous literature is contained in this series; as is material issued by unidentified student groups.

  • Series IX: Students: Schools, Departments, Programs, 1968-1973

    Flyers, meeting minutes, news releases, newsletters and reports comprise this series of materials produced by students from Columbia's constituent schools and departments. The strike activities of committees and assemblies of students within the various units of the university are revealed in numerous publications and public statements. Beyond demanding changes in the structure of the university as a whole, these student bodies called for changes within their own schools and departments. Demands and efforts made to enlarge the role of students in the governance and curricular development of these units are prominent in these materials. Opposition to the war in Vietnam represents another topic of activism present in this series; students in the School of Library Service, for example, issued a series of research reports on the war in Southeast Asia.

  • Series X: Columbia Daily Spectator, Editor's 1968 Student Strike Materials Chronological File, 1968

    Materials in this series, including correspondence, flyers, memoranda, and publications, were compiled by Robert Friedman, editor of the Columbia Daily Spectator, in the course of the newspaper's coverage of the 1968 student strike. Documents are organized chronologically and marked according to date received or issued, as well as with internal coding notations.

  • Series XI: Publications, Articles, Clippings, 1965-1975

    This series includes articles and publications produced between 1965 and 1975 that deal with the issues of protest and activism at Columbia and at universities in general. The contents of the series are arranged in three parts. The first includes folders containing contemporary articles, monographs, or serial volumes, organized alphabetically by the name of the author, publisher, or serial title. These items deal with the student strikes at Columbia (especially that of 1968), and include works of reportage, opinion, analysis, propaganda, and satire, written from a great diversity of perspectives.

    The second group of materials within the series consists of clippings concerning student protest activities at the university and elsewhere, compiled primarily by members of the office of the President and the Alumni Federation. These materials are arranged topically and cover the student strikes at Columbia, other targets of student and faculty activism, and individuals and organizations active during the period. Also present are clippings on student protest activities at other universities, and as a phenomenon in general, which are organized chronologically or by topic.

    Finally, the third section of this series includes transcripts of electronic media reports of the 1968 student strike at Columbia, transcribed and compiled by an outside agency, Radio TV Reports, Inc. These are arranged chronologically by date of broadcast.

  • Series XII: Commemorations and Historical Accounts, 1970-2018

    This small series contains materials relating to the commemoration of the 1968 Columbia strike and post-contemporary accounts of that event. Flyers, correspondence, and clippings document the 1988 reunion of strike participants, as well as other commemorative events like the showing of films of campus. Articles from subsequent anniversaries are also found in this series. The files containing historical accounts consist chiefly of articles and newspaper clippings providing overviews of the strike events and recording the reminiscences of participants.

  • Series XIII: The Office of the President Records, 1958-1974

    This collection reflects the record keeping of the Office of the President from the mid-sixties and early seventies with regard to student activism, demonstrations, protests, the 1968 crisis, and the subsequent restructuring of the University. The bulk of material relates to the events of April–May 1968 and their aftermath. This series was a collection on its own up until August 2007, when it was added to this collection. For this reason some materials contained in this series are duplicates of existing materials.

  • Series XIV: Photographs and Negatives

    This series consists of approximately 7,100 photographic negatives almost entirely in 35 mm black and white format, 41 color transparency slides, five reels of 16 mm black and white film, and approximately 300 8 x 10 inch black and white glossy prints with eleven related contact sheets and two folders of administrative documents and clippings belonging to John C. Gardner, Columbia University's Director of Buildings and Grounds.

    The images depict protest, activism and campus life, and off campus protests, between the fall of 1967 and 1973, primarily from the perspective of student and university photographers, with a particular focus on the 1968 student strike, or Columbia Crisis. The John C. Gardner Files subseries contains photographs used to identify participants and leaders in the immediate aftermath of the April 23-May 1 campus occupation in 1968, as well as to document and assess damage to buildings and grounds.

    The negatives and slides in this series were made by Columbia students primarily for university publications including the Columbia Daily Spectator, Columbia College Today, and the Columbian yearbook, while some appear to have been made recreationally. Some of the photographs were published and disseminated widely around the time of the 1968 student strike, including in Life magazine and internationally, entering into the iconography and public visual discourse of the event and era. Some images have also been republished in subsequent histories of the crisis.

    The negatives were collected by documentary filmmaker Paul Cronin for use in his film, A Time to Stir, and deposited at the Rare Books and Manuscripts Library between 2008 and 2009.

  • Series XV: Reel to Reel Tapes

    A series of 35 reel to reel tapes. There is a numbering issue with the tapes. Many of the tapes have two numbers--a large, printed label and a hanwritten number. The tapes are arranged by the large typed number on the tape. Please note that there is no Reel 17. The list below notes whatever infromation was found on the tape boxes/reels as the "title". There is a series of index cards with tape information, but it is unclear how it related to the physical tapes. We expect to have a better sense of what is actually on these tapes after they are digitized as part of CUL's AMI project in 2020-2021. These tapes are part of Accession 2012.2013.M111. In 2018 we added (4) additional reel to reel tapes to this series of interviews conducted by Michael Steinlauf (CC 1967) for Liberation News Service.

  • Series XVI: Daniel L. Schlafly Material on the 1968 Crisis, 1967-1969

    The Daniel L. Schlafly Material on the 1968 Crisis series consists of the papers that PhD candidate in history, Daniel L. Schlafly, Jr., collected between 1968 and 1969. Although Schlafly was not involved with any of the organizations participating in the strikes, he gathered a significant quantity of student and administrative literature and publications. These items primarily concern the activities that occurred on campus following the student protests that began on April 23, 1968. There are also some items that pre-date April 22, which pertain to the student groups who contributed to the campus crises. Furthermore, Schlafly occasionally annotated flyers or memoranda with his own notes, though most of his writing only indicates the date. In 2011, Schlafly donated these papers to the University Archives. The series has been separated into two subseries that are both arranged chronologically: Chronological Files and Publications.

  • Series XVII: Bureau of Applied Social Research Files, 1968-1978

    This series consists of materials generated by the Bureau of Applied Social Research (BASR) as it attempted to analyze the events at Columbia in the spring of 1968. Materials consist of a questionnaire and codebooks used to gauge the responses of various constituencies on campus regarding these events. Additionally, this series contains the files maintained by BASR director, Allen Barton, which informed the creation of the questionnaire and reflect his views on what transpired on campus. The series has been separated into two subseries: Questionnaires and Allen Barton Materials.

Using the Collection

Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Restrictions on Access

This collection is located onsite.

This collection has no restrictions. Some personal material may be restricted due to the presence of personal names and information.

Terms Governing Use and Reproduction

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. The RBML maintains ownership of the physical material only. Copyright remains with the creator and his/her heirs. The responsibility to secure copyright permission rests with the patron.

Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); University Protest and Activism Collection; Box and Folder; University Archives, Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University in the City of New York.

Related Materials

Columbia University Archives, "ROTC/Naval ROTC" files in Historical Subject Files (Box 391); Office of Public Affairs Photograph Collection; Records of President Andrew W. Cordier; Records of the Joint Committee on Disciplinary Affairs

Joanne Grant Research Files, 1963-1968 Columbia University Archives.

Joint Committee on Disciplinary Affairs Records, 1967-1973 Columbia University Archives.

Central Files, 1890-1984 [Bulk Dates: 1890-1983] Columbia University Archives.

Buildings and Grounds Collection, 1755-2007 [Bulk Dates: 1880-2000] Columbia University Archives.

Historical Subject Files, circa 1870s-2012 Columbia University Archives.

Crisis of 1968, Letters to President Grayson Kirk, 1968.

Columbia Crisis of 1968, Columbia University Oral History Research Office.

1968: Columbia in Crisis, Columbia University Archives online exhibition.

Accrual

Additions to this collection are expected

Ownership and Custodial History

This collection represents the assemblage of material from a variety of sources. Many of the flyers and public statements produced by various groups, offices, and individuals were collected by the office of Harold E. Emerson, Vice President for International Alumni Programs and Assistant to the President.

Original correspondence of the office of the University President originated in that office, including letters from alumni and the general public.

The Columbia University Alumni Federation, likewise, compiled many of the clippings and flyers in this collection, as well as original correspondence directed toward that office.

The collection continues to grow through donations from students who attended Columbia in the 1960s and 1970s, including Franklin Sciacca, Robert Roth, Joel Solkoff, 2004; Hilton Obenzinger, 2005; Joseph Kissane, 2001; Allan Silver, 2007.

The materials in Series 10, the "Columbia Daily Spectator" Editor's 1968 Student Strike Materials Chronological File, were contributed by former Spectator editor Robert Friedman.

Additional items from the Historical Subject Files and other materials from the University Archives were integrated into this collection.

The material contained in Series 13 was transferred from Low Library basement storage in 2002. Originally five series were identified; Subject Files, Disciplinary Records, External Correspondence, Cox Commission and News Files. While integrating this collection into the Protest and Activism Collection, the Disciplinary Records were removed and added to the Joint Committee on Disciplinary Affairs Records. "External Correspondence" has been changed to "Protest Correspondence" as this title more accurately reflects the materials contained here.

About the Finding Aid / Processing Information

Columbia University Libraries, Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Processing Information

Collection, processed by Stephen Urgola, assistance provided by Anthony Spartalis, Marilyn Pettit, Jennifer Preissel, Jocelyn Wilk, Frank Lovett, and Jennifer Comins.

Finding aid wittten by Jennifer Comins, 2007.

Revision Description

2009-05-06 xml document instance created by Carrie Hintz

2016-04-01 xml document instance updated by Catherine C. Ricciardi

2018-01-29 xml document instance updated by Jocelyn K. Wilk

2018-05-22 xml document instance updated by Jocelyn K. Wilk

2019-05-20 EAD was imported spring 2019 as part of the ArchivesSpace Phase II migration.

2020-02-18 xml document instance updated by Jocelyn K. Wilk

Subject Headings

The subject headings listed below are found in this collection. Links below allow searches at Columbia University through the Archival Collections Portal and through CLIO, the catalog for Columbia University Libraries, as well as ArchiveGRID, a catalog that allows users to search the holdings of multiple research libraries and archives.

All links open new windows.

Genre/Form

Heading "CUL Archives:"
"Portal"
"CUL Collections:"
"CLIO"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
"ArchivedGRID"
Articles Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Clippings (Information Artifacts) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Correspondence Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Ephemera (general object genre) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Handbills Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Newsletters Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Press releases Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID

Subject

Heading "CUL Archives:"
"Portal"
"CUL Collections:"
"CLIO"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
"ArchivedGRID"
Alumni Federation of Columbia University Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Black Panther Party Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Civil rights movements Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
College students -- Political activity -- New York (State) -- New York Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Columbia Spectator Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Columbia University -- Administration Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Columbia University -- Alumni alumnae -- Societies, etc. Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Columbia University -- History Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Columbia University -- Student strike, 1968 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Columbia University -- Students Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Columbia University -- Students -- Political activity Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Columbia University. Students' Afro-American Society Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Columbia-Barnard Citizenship Council Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Committee for the Defense of Property Rights Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Community Action Committee Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Cordier, Andrew W (Andrew Wellington), 1901-1975 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Cox, Archibald, 1912-2004 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Deane, Herbert A. (Herbert Andrew), 1921-1991 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
December Fourth Movement Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Draft resisters -- Vietnam War, 1961-1975 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Emerson, Harold E Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Employees for March 25th Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Faculty Peace Action Committee Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Kirk, Grayson L. (Grayson Louis), 1903-1997 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Kunen, James S., 1948- Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Lang, Serge, 1927-2005 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Lindsay, John V. (John Vliet) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
McGill, William J. (William James), 1922-1997 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Morningside Housing Committee Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Peace movements Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Progressive Labor Party Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Radical Faculty Group Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Rudd, Mark Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Social movements Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Student Coordinating Committee Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Student Mobilization Committee (U.S.) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Student Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam a.k.a. SMC Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Student movements -- New York (State) -- New York Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Student-administrator relationships Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Students for a Democratic Society (U.S.) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Students for a Free Campus Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Students for a Reconstructed University a.k.a. SRU Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Truman, David B (David Bicknell), 1913-2003 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Vietnam War, 1961-1975 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Walsh, Lawrence E Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Zinn, Howard, 1922-2010 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID

History / Biographical Note

Biographical / Historical

Throughout the mid-to-late 1960s the Columbia campus was a hub of political activity: teach-ins, Sundial rallies against the Vietnam War, demonstrations against class rank reporting, and confrontations with military recruiters. Concurrent with these events, the University had begun construction on a new gymnasium in Morningside Park. Columbia's plan to build a new gym had been in the planning stages since 1959, but had been delayed repeatedly by financial challenges. By the mid 1960s, the decision to build a gym in city-owned Morningside Park created increasing negative feelings among government officials, community groups, and students. Many students were offended by the design, as it provided access for the University community at the higher level of the building while residents of the access fore members of the surrounding Harlem community would enter on the lower level; what was perceived as obvious inequity prompted cries of segregation.

In February 1967, the first sit-in at Columbia took place in Dodge Hall, by 18 members of Students for a Democratic Society (SDS) protesting CIA recruitment on campus. Other protests erupted: opposition to the University's submission of student class rankings to Selective Service Boards, military recruitment on campus and University involvement in the Institute for Defense Analysis (IDA). On April 21, 1967, the first clash between students erupted when 800 anti-recruitment demonstrators were confronted by 500 students favoring the policy of open recruitment on campus. The disruptions of military recruiters by students prompted University President Grayson Kirk to issue a ban against picketing and demonstrations in all University buildings as of September 25, 1967.

In March 1968, demands for Columbia to resign from its affiliation with the IDA came in the form of more sit-in demonstrations, this time held in Low Memorial Library. Despite limited enforcement of his ban prior to this event, President Kirk, in conjunction with the Administration, placed six anti-war student activists-all SDS leaders known as the "IDA Six"- on probation for violation of the ban on indoor demonstrations.

The Strike Coordinating Committee (SCC), formed by the Columbia chapter of SDS, was composed of representatives from throughout the University and from other student organizations and quickly assumed the mantle of strike leadership from the Columbia University Student Council and the Coalition of Student Leaders. The Columbia chapter of SDS, led by its chairman Mark Rudd, took an early lead on a cluster of issues that prompted student unrest and ultimately the strike. Among them were the proposed gymnasium and other instances of campus expansion into the surrounding community, the University's relationship with the IDA, R.O.T.C. and military research recruiting, and conditions for campus workers.

Partly in response to the fate of the "IDA Six", Mark Rudd and SDS, as well members of the Society of African-American Students (SAS), rallied at the campus Sun Dial on Tuesday, April 23. After a failed attempt to get inside Low Library to present President Kirk with a list of demands, members of the crowd were encouraged to proceed to Morningside Drive where there was an attempt to break into the gymnasium construction site. They were restrained by police and some were arrested. The demonstrators did not return to the Sundial as originally planed, instead they headed into Hamilton Hall, the main classroom building on campus and also home to the office of Dean Henry Coleman, and stayed the night.

Around midnight, the SAS leaders held a caucus and decided that the ongoing occupation of Hamilton should be a blacks-only project. Mark Rudd and SDS followers were surprised, but did not challenge this arrangement and all white protestors left quietly. The white evictees of Hamilton Hall took over Low Library the following day. On Day 2 graduate students refused to leave Avery Hall when told it was closing at 5:30 pm as a preventative measures to thwart strikers. Fayerweather and Mathematics were also eventually occupied by other groups of students.

The April 1968 protests saw faculty groups formed with the intention of mediating resolutions to the stand-off. Faculty in Philosophy 301 formed an Ad Hoc Faculty Group (AHFG), which was chaired by Political Scientist Alan Westin and directed by an AHFG steering committee. Membership in AHFG was based on support of three resolutions: immediate suspension of gym construction; establishment of a tripartite disciplinary mechanism; and a commitment by faculty signers to put themselves between police and students should police be called on campus.

After six days of standoff, some 1,000 policemen forcibly reclaimed the occupied buildings on behalf of the Administration resulting in 712 arrests and 148 reports of injury. For the remainder of the academic year, the University was in chaos. Formal education more or less ceased as large numbers of students and many faculty lent support to the SCC, an umbrella group for the protesters. A second occupation of Hamilton Hall from May 21-22 led to an even more violent confrontation with the police. Even commencement was marred, as most of the graduating class walked out of the ceremony being held in The Cathedral of St. John The Divine to attend a counter-commencement on Low Plaza. Eventually campus disorder gave way to efforts toward restructuring the University, especially after the more moderate student protestors split from the SCC and created Students for a Restructured University (SRU). Among the new elements was the establishment of the University Senate as a representative body for the entire University community.

Immediately following the clearing of occupied buildings, the Ad Hoc Faculty Group convened to vote for support of the strikers and to admonish the administration. Chair Alan Westin would not bring this matter to vote and instead left the meeting. The remaining group reestablished itself as the Independent Faculty Group (IFG) and voted to support the strike.

The same day, Joint Faculties met to consider both pro-administration and anti-administration resolutions. An intermediate resolution was approved in the creation of the Executive Committee of the Faculty, who proposed the creation of an outside fact finding commission on May 2. On May 7, the Fact Finding Commission, composed of five members and chaired by Harvard law professor Archibald Cox, convened. The report Crisis at Columbia, highly critical of the administration, was published in October. The University's affiliation with the IDA was eventually severed, gymnasium construction was halted, the ROTC left campus, military and CIA recruiting stopped, and in August President Kirk resigned with Andrew Cordier named as acting President. Springtime building occupations continued for the next few years, but were eventually replaced by other, less politically minded, activities.

The protests achieved two of the stated goals of the protest: Columbia disaffiliated from the IDA and it scrapped the plans for the controversial gym, building a subterranean physical fitness center under the north end of campus instead.

In the late 1960s and early 1970s, student protests addressed other campus issues, namely Columbia's control of real estate in the Morningside Heights area and its relationship to the local community. Several student groups emerged with a focus on local issues such as New York City housing, schools, transit, labor, electoral politics, and support for the Black Panthers and political prisoners.

Protests, which some might characterize as a right of passage, have been a fixture of the Columbia experience throughout its history. However, the occupation of five University buildings in April 1968 signaled a sea change in the way in which students would not only interact with Columbia administration, but in universities throughout the nation.

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Series I: Administration, 1965-1972

This series contains correspondence, legal documents, memoranda, news releases, reports, and other public statements documenting the actions of Columbia University's administration prior, and in response, to the campus protests of the mid-1960s through mid-1970s. The files are arranged hierarchically and then alphabetically. Folders for Columbia's Board of Trustees are followed by files for the president and then by other University offices (arranged alphabetically). Within this listing of offices are subject-oriented folders entitled "Chronologies," "Legal Proceedings Involving Students," and "Witnesses to Student Demonstrations," which contain documents used by Columbia administrators but not traceable to any one office.

The documents contained in the files for University trustees pertain primarily to the student strike of 1968. Correspondence from alumni, parents, and the general public indicate attitudes regarding the University's response to the strike, which is documented by public statements found here. The reports of the Special Committee of the Trustees reveal efforts to examine and alter the university's governing structure. Materials for the three University presidents in office during this era cover a wider range of topics including: president's public statements representing the University's response to the strikes and protests, and its position on the underlying issues that prompted this activism.

The materials organized by office and by subject demonstrate various administrative responses to student protests. These include public statements by chief academic officers David B. Truman, Provost, and Vice President for Academic Planning Herbert A. Deane, as well as memoranda, notes, and other administrative records of Harold E. Emerson, a chief presidential aide. News releases issued by the Office of Public Information reveal the university's public voice on the events of the era. Legal pleadings and associated records document the administration's disciplinary actions against student protesters.



Box 1 Folder 1 Organization Descriptions and Membership Lists, 1968


Trustees


Box 1 Folder 2 Correspondence--Alumni and Parents, 1968


Box 1 Folder 3 Correspondence--General Public, 1968


Box 1 Folder 4 Public Statements, News Releases, Memoranda, 1968-1970


Special Committee


Box 1 Folder 5 Interim Reports, 1 through 4--Recommended Changes to the Structure of Columbia University,, 1968-1969


Box 1 Folder 6 Public Statements, 1968


Box 1 Folder 7 Student Representatives, 1968


President Grayson Kirk


Correspondence


Box 1 Folder 8 Administration, Faculty and Staff; Student Arrest Figures,, 1968


Box 1 Folder 9 Alumni and Parents, 1968


Box 1 Folder 10 General Public, 1968


Box 1 Folder 11 Students, 1968


Box 1 Folder 12 Trustees, 1968


Box 1 Folder 13 Faculty Address Lists, 1968


Box 1 Folder 14 Public Statements, Open Letters, News Releases, 1965-1968


Box 1 Folder 15 Report: Committee on Urban and Minority Problems, 1967


President Andrew W. Cordier


Correspondence


Box 1 Folder 16 Administration, Faculty and Staff, 1968-1970


Box 1 Folder 17 Alumni, 1968-1969


Box 1 Folder 18 General Public, 1968


Box 1 Folder 19 Trustees, 1968


Box 1 Folder 20 Public Statements--Open Letters and News Releases, 1968-1970



Box 2 Folder 1 to 2 Public Statements--Open Letters and News Releases, 1968-1970, (2 Folders)


Box 2 Folder 3 McGill, William--Public Statements, Open Letters and News Releases,, 1970-1972


Box 2 Folder 4 de Barry, William Theodore, 1972


Box 2 Folder 5 Deane, Herbert A., 1968


Administration, Unidentified


Box 2 Folder 6 Handwritten Notes, 1965-1968


Box 2 Folder 7 List of April 1968 Demonstrators, April 1968


Box 2 Folder 7 Script of the Order to Vacate Buildings, 1968


Box 2 Folder 8 Gardner, John C.--Damage, Costs and Reports, 1968


Box 2 Folder 9 McGoey, Thomas A, 1968


Box 2 Folder 10 Nye, Joseph P., 1968


Box 2 Folder 11 Chronologies of Student Strike Events, 1968



Box 26 Folder 1 Columbia College, Freshman Welcome Address--Dean Carl Hovde, 1968



Box 2 Folder 12 Controller, Office of the, 1968


Box 2 Folder 13 Emerson, Harold E.--Correspondence, Administration, Faculty, Staff,, 1968


Box 2 Folder 14 Committee on Externally Funded Research and Instruction


Box 2 Folder 14 Committee on Relations with Outside Agencies, 1968-1969


Legal Proceedings Involving Students


Box 2 Folder 15 The City of New York Police Department Interim Report--Arrests made on the Complaint of the Columbia University Administration of Students Trespassing in School Buildings,, 1968 May 4


Box 2 Folder 16 to 18 Pleadings, Documents, Public Statements and Correspondence, 1968-1972, (3 Folders)


Legal Proceedings Involving Students



Box 3 Folder 1 to 2 Pleadings, Documents, Public Statements and Correspondence, 1968-1972, (2 Folders)


Box 3 Folder 3 Logsdon, Richard H., 1968


Box 3 Folder 4 Personnel, Director of, 1968


Box 3 Folder 5 Policies of the University: Faculty Dismissals, Tenure, Conflicts of Interest,, 1964-1968


Public Information, Office of


Public Statements and News Releases


Box 3 Folder 6 Strikes, Black Students, Black Panthers, Discipline, 1968-1972


Box 3 Folder 7 Background Papers on Student Strike and Campus Issues, 1968


Publications


Box 3 Folder 8 Columbia University Newsletter, 1967-1969


Box 3 Folder 9 Partners in the Park, 1968 February Brochure, Somebody's Trying to Hurt Us Both-Columbia and Harlem, Advertisement Reprint, Gymnasium, 1968, 1968 February, 1968


Box 3 Folder 10 Residence, Assistant Dean for, 1968


Box 3 Folder 11 Undergraduate Admissions Office--Includes Commencement Address for the 214th Academic Year,, 1968


Box 3 Folder 12 University Placement and Career Services--Military recruiting, 1968


Box 3 Folder 13 University Relations, Office of--Gymnasium, 1966


Box 3 Folder 14 Truman, David B.--Public Statements, Open Letters, News Releases, Correspondence with Alumni and Administration,, 1967-1969


Box 3 Folder 15 Witnesses to Student Demonstrations--Reports, 1967-1969

Series II: Administration; Schools, Departments and Programs, 1968-1970

Items in this series, including correspondence, meeting minutes, memoranda, notes, and reports demonstrate the response of Columbia University's constituent units to student protests and demands for curricular and governance reform. Present are statements by deans and other officials concerning class attendance, examination schedules, grading, and procedures for other routine academic activities during the strike periods. More significant are statements taking positions on the actions and demands of protesters, as well as materials documenting disciplinary action taken against students.


Box 3 Folder 16 Barnard College, 1968


Box 3 Folder 17 Bureau of Applied Social Research--Student and Faculty Response to the Columbia Crisis--Questionnaire and Report,, 1968


Box 3 Folder 18 Columbia College, 1968-1970


Box 3 Folder 19 Engineering and Applied Science, School of, 1968


Box 3 Folder 20 General Studies, School of, 1968-1970


Box 3 Folder 21 Graduate Faculties, 1968


Box 3 Folder 22 Journalism, Graduate School of, 1968


Box 3 Folder 23 Law, School of--Including the Disciplinary Tribunal in the Gustin L. Reichbach Matter, 1968-1970



Box 4 Folder 1 Library Service, School of, 1968


Box 4 Folder 2 Music, Department of, 1968


Box 4 Folder 3 Teachers College--Includes Student's Bill of Rights, 1967-1968


Box 4 Folder 4 Union Theological Seminary, 1968

Series III: Alumni and Parents, 1968-1971

Correspondence, memoranda, flyers, notices, and other public statements created by alumni and parental organizations are contained in this series. The former include alumni associations and alumni groups organized on the basis of identity and issues. The materials contained within the files for these organizations reflect alumni views on the student unrest at Columbia, the University's response, and its potential restructuring. Letters from individual alumni to the associations, the report by Alumni Federation President Laurence E. Walsh, and public statements and publications by alumni groups are particularly useful sources. Alumni groups also addressed high profile topics, including the Vietnam War. Documentation produced by parental groups relates to the 1968 student upheaval at Columbia and its consequences, and, to a much lesser extent, anti-war activism. Materials found in Box 73 are part of Accession


Box 4 Folder 5 Ad Hoc Alumni Council and School of Social Work Alumni, 1968


Alumni--Unaffiliated


Box 4 Folder 6 Commentaries, 1968


Box 4 Folder 7 Correspondence and Public Statements, 1968


Alumni Associations and Offices


Alumni Federation of Columbia University


Box 4 Folder 8 Board of Directors


Box 4 Folder 8 Public Statements


Box 4 Folder 8 Walsh Report


Box 4 Folder 8 Alumni Recommendations for the Future Government and Operation of Columbia University,, 1968


Box 4 Folder 9 Walsh, Lawrence E.--Correspondence, 1968


Box 4 Folder 10 Watkins, Morris W.--Memoranda to Board of Directors and Alumni Correspondence,, 1968-1970


Box 4 Folder 11 Columbia College, 1968-1971


School of Engineering


Box 4 Folder 12 Quadripartite Committee--Reports by Faculty and Students, 1968


Box 4 Folder 13 Williams, Doane--Correspondence, 1968


Box 4 Folder 14 Union Theological Seminary, 1968


Box 4 Folder 15 Alumni for a New Columbia, 1968


Box 4 Folder 16 Class of 1906, 1967, 1906, 1967


Box 4 Folder 17 Columbia Ad Hoc Parents for Peace Committee, 1970


Box 4 Folder 18 Columbia Alumni for a New University, 1968


Box 4 Folder 19 Columbia Concerned Parents Committee, 1968



Box 73 Folder 1-2 Columbia Concerned Parents: Letters, 1968


Box 73 Folder 3 Columbia Concerned Parents:No Amnesty, 1968


Box 73 Folder 4 Columbia Concerned Parents:Amnesty, 1968


Box 73 Folder 5 Columbia Concerned Parents: New York Times Ad, 1968


Box 73 Folder 6 Columbia Concerned Parents:Defence, 1968


Box 73 Folder 8 Columbia Concerned Parents:Finances, 1968



Box 4 Folder 20 Committee of Concerned Black Alumni, 1968


Box 4 Folder 21 Independent Alumni Association, 1968

Series IV: Commissions and Committees, 1950-1970, bulk 1966-1969

This series documents the efforts of University-appointed commissions and committees to examine campus unrest, particularly the 1968 strike, and to address the issues that prompted the upheaval. It also includes material relating to conferences at which issues like student protest, the Vietnam War, and civil rights were discussed. Reports, hearing proceedings, news releases, and flyers represent the types of items found in this series. The bulk of the series relates to the work of the "Fact Finding Commission Appointed to Investigate the Disturbances at Columbia University in April and May 1968," published and popularly known as the Cox Commission report. Available here, in addition to the commission's final report that presents a narrative and analysis of the strike, are the proceedings of the hearings at which witnesses were examined. Reports issued by bodies addressing discipline, university governance, ROTC, and relations with external research funding agencies are also contained in this series, as is documentation on the University Senate, which was created in the aftermath of the strike.


Box 4 Folder 22 Organization Descriptions and Membership Lists, 1968


Box 4 Folder 23 Arden House Seminar Retreat in Harriman, New York, 1968



Box 26 Folder 5 Commission on Academic Integrity, 1966



Box 4 Folder 24 Committee on External Relations--Includes the Report of the Columbia University Committee on Relations with Outside Agencies,, 1967-1968


Box 4 Folder 25 Committee on Externally Funded Research and Instruction, 1966-1969



Box 26 Folder 2 to 4 Committee on Recruitment, 1950, 1967, Undated, 1950, 1967, Undated, (3 Folders)



Box 4 Folder 26 Student Organizations, Committee on--Flyer for Open Meeting, 1968


Box 4 Folder 27 Tri-partite Commission, Committee on, 1968


Box 4 Folder 28 The National Priorities Problem--Conference, 1966


Cox Commission, Fact Finding Commission


Box 4 Folder 29 Crisis at Columbia: Report of the Fact Finding Commission Appointed to Investigate the Disturbances at Columbia University in April and May 1968, 1968, May 1968, 1968


Cox Commission


Proceedings



Box 5 Folder 1 Witness and Subject Indices, 1968


Box 5 Folder 2 Volume 1, 1968 May 7


Box 5 Folder 3 Volume 2, 1968 May 13


Box 5 Folder 4 Volume 3, 1968 May 14


Box 5 Folder 5 Volume 4, 1968 May 15


Box 5 Folder 6 Volume 5, 1968 May 20


Box 5 Folder 7 Volume 6, 1968 May 21


Box 5 Folder 8 Volume 7, 1968 May 22



Box 6 Folder 1 Volume 8, 1968 May 27


Box 6 Folder 2 Volume 9, 1968 May 28


Box 6 Folder 3 Volume 10, 1968 May 29


Box 6 Folder 4 Volume 11, 1968 June 3


Box 6 Folder 5 Volume 12, 1968 June 5



Box 26 Folder 6 Faculty Committee on the Draft, Grades, Conscription and Education, 1966-1968, Undated, 1966-1968, Undated



Box 7 Folder 1 Joint Committee on Disciplinary Affairs, 1967-1969


Box 7 Folder 2 Joint Forum on Problems of the University and Proposals for Change,, 1968


Box 7 Folder 3 Joint Hearings on University Restructuring, 1968


Box 7 Folder 4 Student Faculty Meeting, 1968


Box 7 Folder 5 United States Senate Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations, 1969


Box 7 Folder 6 University Committee on Rules of Conduct, 1969


Box 7 Folder 7 University Council, 1969


Box 7 Folder 8 University Elections Commission, 1969


Box 7 Folder 9 University Senate, 1969-1970

Series V: External Organizations, 1967-1974

This series contains flyers, notices, and other public statements created by organizations unaffiliated with Columbia, but which dealt with issues concerning the University, the Morningside Heights area, or New York City at large. Groups that held events at Columbia and recruited members of the campus community to their causes are also represented here. In contrast to most of the collection, these materials have been grouped according to the issues addressed by these organizations, under headings like "Anti-Vietnam War" or "Labor." The folder headings represent topics relating to Columbia University, principally the 1968 Student Strike, as well as broader local, national, or international issues. These materials provide a useful perspective on how non-Columbia individuals and organizations viewed events at Columbia in this time period. A particularly useful resource for examining the university's relationship with the community is the file on Columbia's campus expansion and landlord role, which includes information on the long-running conflict over the proposed site for the university's School of Pharmacy.


Box 7 Folder 10 to 11 Anti-Vietnam War, 1967-1973, (2 Folders)


Box 7 Folder 12 Black Panthers, 1968-1970


Box 7 Folder 13 Civil Rights and Racial Equality, 1968-1973


Columbia Strike, 1968


Box 7 Folder 14 Opponents, 1968


Speakers


Box 7 Folder 15 Mayor John V. Lindsey, 1968


Box 7 Folder 15 Professor Howard Zinn, 1968


Supporters


Box 7 Folder 16 Community Groups, 1968


Box 7 Folder 17 Elected Officials and Politicians, 1968


Box 7 Folder 18 Other Organizations--National and Local Chapters, 1968


Box 7 Folder 19 Other Universities--Student and Faculty Groups, 1968


Box 7 Folder 20 Telegram Transcriptions, 1968


Box 7 Folder 21 Witnesses, 1968


Box 7 Folder 22 Columbia Campus Expansion, Landlord Role, Community Groups, 1968-1972


Box 7 Folder 23 Electoral Politics, 1968-1972


Box 7 Folder 24 Environmentalism, 1970


Box 7 Folder 25 International Issues, Africa, Canada, Greece, Latin America, Middle East, Soviet Union,, 1968-1973


Box 7 Folder 26 Labor, 1968-1974



Box 8 Folder 1 Miscellaneous Event and Issue Literature, 1968-1974, Undated, 1968-1974, Undated


Box 8 Folder 2 New York City Transit, 1970


Box 8 Folder 3 Political Prisoners and Imprisoned Activists, 1967-1971


Box 8 Folder 4 Socialism and Communism, 1967-1974


Student Strikes and Movements, 1968-1970


Box 8 Folder 5 City University of New York


Box 8 Folder 5 New York University


Box 8 Folder 5 San Francisco State University


Box 8 Folder 5 University of California at Berkeley


Box 8 Folder 5 Yale University


Box 8 Folder 5 France


Box 8 Folder 6 Women's Issues--Including Reproductive Rights, 1968-1971

Series VI: Faculty and Staff: Groups, 1967-1975

Flyers, news releases, reports, and other kinds of public statements and publications comprise this series. The groups represented here include faculty and staff organizations varying widely in type and aim. Important bodies included in this series are faculty committees, such as the Executive Committee of the Faculty formed to deal with the 1968 strike and other student protests, or controversial issues like the role of ROTC on campus. Issue-oriented groups are also represented in the series, which address national topics, including the Vietnam War (i.e., the Faculty Peace Action Committee) and Columbia-specific situations. The Radical Faculty Group and Employees for March 25th, for example, were active on the matters of student protests at Columbia, disciplinary actions taken against participating students, and attempts to reform the university's governing structure. Other campus issues of interest to faculty groups included civil rights issues such as working conditions for employees, campus expansion, programs for black students, and military research on campus. Other groups, such as Scientists and Engineers for Social and Political Action, were Columbia chapters of national or regional organizations. An important body of material may be found within the file entitled "Faculty Members – Unaffiliated – Public Statements – Individual, Joint," which contains petitions, open letters, and other public statements by individuals and groups of faculty members taking positions on various issues, in particular the 1968 strike.


Box 8 Folder 7 Organization Descriptions and Membership Lists, 1968


Box 8 Folder 8 Academic and Professional Lobby for a Responsible Congress, 1970


Box 8 Folder 9 Ad Hoc Committee of Staff and Students, 1968


Box 8 Folder 10 Ad Hoc Faculty Group and Committee, 1968


Box 8 Folder 11 Advisory Committee of the Faculty, 1967-1968


Box 8 Folder 12 Columbia-Barnard Challenge Club, 1971


Box 8 Folder 13 Columbia Worker's Office, 1970


Box 8 Folder 14 Committee for Responsible Representation, 1968


Box 8 Folder 15 Employees for March 25th, 1969


Box 8 Folder 16 to 18 Executive Committee of the Faculty (ECF), 1968 April-1969 April, (3 Folders)


Box 8 Folder 19 ECF--Joint Committee on Naval Reserve Officer Training Corps, 1969


Box 8 Folder 20 Faculty Civil Rights Group, 1967-1969


Box 8 Folder 21 Faculty Legal Assistance and Information Committee, 1968


Box 8 Folder 22 Faculty Members and Unaffiliated Persons--Statements, 1967-1972, Undated, 1967-1972, Undated


Box 8 Folder 23 Faculty Members and Unidentified Persons--Handwritten Notes, 1968


Box 8 Folder 24 Faculty Peace Action Committee, 1970-1972


Box 8 Folder 25 Faculty Support Group, 1967-1968


Box 8 Folder 26 Independent Committee of Students and Faculty, 1968


Box 8 Folder 27 Independent Faculty Group, 1968



Box 9 Folder 1 Joint Senior Junior Faculty, 1968


Box 9 Folder 2 Junior Faculties Steering Committee, 1968


Box 9 Folder 3 New University Conference, 1969-1971


Box 9 Folder 4 New York Regional Coalition of Students and Faculty, 1969


Box 9 Folder 5 Radical Faculty Group, 1968


Box 9 Folder 6 Rank and File Workers Council, 1968-1971


Box 9 Folder 7 Scientists and Engineers for Social and Political Action, 1970-1975


Box 9 Folder 8 United New York Regional Anti-War Faculty, 1972


Box 9 Folder 9 Worker-Student Community Coalition, 1971


Box 9 Folder 10 Workers and Employees, 1968-1972

Series VII: Faculty and Staff: Schools, Departments, Programs, 1968-1972

This series contains flyers, news releases, meeting minutes, and other public statements created by faculty members and staff from various schools, departments, and programs within Columbia University. While some of the documentation touches on the response to national issues like the Vietnam War, the bulk of the material in this series deals with student protest activity at Columbia, especially the 1968 strike. Also addressed are issues of curricular and governance reform within individual schools and departments and the university as a whole, as well as working conditions for staff members.


Box 9 Folder 11 American Language Program, 1968


Box 9 Folder 12 Anthropology, Department of, 1968


Box 9 Folder 13 Architecture, School of, 1968


Box 9 Folder 14 Art History and Archaeology, Department of, 1968


Box 9 Folder 15 Arts, School of, 1968-1969


Box 9 Folder 16 Barnard College, 1968-1969


Box 9 Folder 17 Columbia College--Including the Joint College Commission, 1968


Box 9 Folder 18 Economics, Department of, 1968


Box 9 Folder 19 Engineering and Applied Science, School of, 1968


Box 9 Folder 20 English and Comparative Literature, Department of, 1968


Box 9 Folder 21 General Studies, 1968


Box 9 Folder 22 Graduate Faculties, 1968


Box 9 Folder 23 History, Department of, 1968


Box 9 Folder 24 International Affairs, Faculty of, 1968-1969


Box 9 Folder 25 Journalism, Graduate School of, 1968


Box 9 Folder 26 Law, School of, 1968


Library Service, School of


Box 9 Folder 28 Faculty, 1968-1970


Box 9 Folder 29 Staff, 1968


Box 9 Folder 27 Library Staff, 1968-1970


Box 9 Folder 30 Mathematics, Department of--Report of State of Mathematics Building Following Occupation by Students,, 1968


Box 9 Folder 31 Music Department, 1968


Box 9 Folder 32 Oral History Research Office, 1968


Box 9 Folder 33 Philosophy, Faculty of, 1969


Box 9 Folder 34 Physicians and Surgeons, College of, 1968


Box 9 Folder 35 Physics, Department of, 1972


Box 9 Folder 36 Political Science, Faculty of, 1969


Box 9 Folder 37 Social Work, School of, 1968


Box 9 Folder 38 Union Theological Seminary, 1968


Box 9 Folder 39 University Computer Center, 1968

Series VIII: Students: Groups, 1966-1975

The student strikes that occurred at Columbia between 1968 and 1972 figure prominently in the material found in this series. This series contains extensive holdings on three campus organizations in particular; the Strike Coordinating/Steering Committee (SCC), the Columbia chapter of Students for a Democratic Society (SDS), and Students for a Restructured University (SRU). The SCC, formed by the Columbia chapter of SDS, was composed of representatives from the various units of the University and from other student organizations and quickly assumed the mantle of strike leadership from the Columbia University Student Council (CUSC) and the Coalition of Student Leaders (CSC), whose early activities are also recorded here. The Columbia chapter of SDS had taken an early activist lead on a cluster of issues that prompted student unrest and ultimately the strike. Among them were the proposed gymnasium and other instances of campus expansion, the University's relationship with the Institute for Defense Analysis (IDA) and the School of International Affairs, ROTC and military research recruiting, and conditions for campus workers. SRU sponsored numerous strike activities and these materials reveal their role in the administration's efforts to address student concerns about the governing structure of Columbia, including the group's co-sponsorship of hearings on University restructuring.

Numerous other student organizations active during the 1968 strike are represented in this series, including the Students' Afro-American Society and the groups of students who occupied campus buildings, known as "communes." Beyond formal organizations, students acting independently or in informal associations are represented by items in the files titled "Students – Unaffiliated," which contain open letters, petitions, and other public statements, as well as accounts of strike events. While the bulk of the material relating to the 1968 strike in this series was produced by pro-strike organizations, the voices of strike opponents are also evident. The Majority Coalition, Students for Columbia University, Students for a Free Campus, and the Committee for the Defense of Property Rights criticized the actions of the SCC, SDS, SRU, and other leading student groups. These strike opponents urged students to avoid strike demonstrations and to attend regularly scheduled classes.

A smaller amount of material exists for the student strikes of 1969, 1970, 1971, and 1972. Renewed demonstrations and strike activity in 1969 were prompted by continuing student concern with Columbia's role as a landlord in the neighboring community, as well as the presence of ROTC, military recruiters, and military researchers on campus. Demands for the development of a black studies curriculum also played a contributing role.

Numerous student organizations at Columbia in the late 1960s and early 1970s precipitated disruptions that addressed other campus issues. Columbia's control of real estate in the Morningside Heights neighborhood and its relationship to the local community were taken up by, among others, the Community Action Committee, the Columbia-Barnard Citizenship Council and its Morningside Housing Committee. The literature produced by these groups, such as the Citizenship Council's detailed report entitled Columbia and the Community: Past Policy and New Directions, provided analyses of the campus expansion issue. This and a cluster of topics featured in the strikes prompted activist efforts for a slate of student groups: military and war research recruiting on campus, Columbia's defense and intelligence contacts through the IDA and the School of International Affairs, conditions for campus workers, the role of students in the governance of the University.

International affairs, particularly U.S. foreign relations, were of great interest to student groups at Columbia. The ubiquitous issue, of course, was the American military presence in Southeast Asia. Opposition to the Vietnam War was expressed, in some form, by nearly every student organization represented in this series. It was a major part of the program of SDS and other groups that addressed multiple issues, often in the context of protest against American "imperialism." Numerous campus organizations emerged from the mid 1960s though mid 1970s for the primary purpose of expressing opposition to the war and the draft, among them Action for Peace, the Moratorium Coalition, the Resistance at Columbia, and the Student Mobilization Committee to End the War. Their voluminous literature is contained in this series; as is material issued by unidentified student groups.


Box 9 Folder 40 Organization Descriptions and Membership Lists, 1968


Box 9 Folder 41 Student Strike Literature, 1968


Box 9 Folder 42 Action Committee to Crush Columbia Racism, circa, 1970


Box 9 Folder 43 Action for Peace, 1970


Box 9 Folder 44 Ad Hoc Committee for an Open Student Meeting, 1968


Box 9 Folder 45 Ad Hoc Committee of Staff and Students, 1968


Box 9 Folder 46 Ad Hoc Committee Against the Anti-Ballistic Missile, 1969-1970


Box 9 Folder 47 Ad Hoc Committee to End the War in Vietnam, 1968


Box 9 Folder 48 American Liberation League, 1966


Box 9 Folder 49 Anti-Vietnam War Events Literature, 1967-1973


Box 9 Folder 50 Anti-War Corporation Coalition, 1972


Box 9 Folder 51 Arts Festival for the Benefit of Political Prisoners, 1970


Box 9 Folder 52 Asian-American Political Alliance, 1970-1972


Box 9 Folder 53 Asian-Americans, 1971


Box 9 Folder 54 Citizens Concerned About the Draft, Undated


Box 9 Folder 55 City College Committee, 1968


Box 9 Folder 56 The Collective Fist: Newspaper of the Columbia Strike, 1968



Box 10 Folder 1 Solkoff, Joel Correspondence, Memoir, and Student Strike Literature,, 1968-1972, 1999


Box 10 Folder 2 Columbia Anti Imperialist Movement, 1971-1973


Box 10 Folder 3 Columbia and Barnard Citizenship Council and Community Service Council,, 1966-1971


Box 10 Folder 4 Morningside Housing Committee, 1968-1969


Box 10 Folder 5 Columbia Christian Fellowship, 1968


Box 10 Folder 6 Columbia Committee for Harrisburg Defendants, 1971


Box 10 Folder 7 Columbia Committee to Keep Biafra Alive, 1968


Box 10 Folder 8 Columbia's Committee to Counter-Act Repression, 1971


Box 10 Folder 9 Columbia Coordinating Committee, 1970


Box 10 Folder 10 Columbia Draft Collective, 1971


Box 10 Folder 11 The Columbia Free Press, 1970


Box 10 Folder 12 Columbia Labor Committee, 1970-1972


Box 10 Folder 13 Columbia Seniors Against the War, 1971


Box 10 Folder 14 Columbia Student Movement, American Student Movement, 1970-1971


Box 10 Folder 15 Committee for the Defense of Property Rights, 1968


Box 10 Folder 16 Committee for Free Inquiry-- Feedback: A Journal of Social Commentary, with articles by Serge Lang,, 1967


Box 10 Folder 17 Committee for Peace Politics, 1967


Box 10 Folder 18 Committee for a Radical History, 1972


Box 10 Folder 19 Committee of Columbia University African Students, 1968


Box 10 Folder 20 Committee of Concerned Asian Scholars, 1970-1972


Box 10 Folder 21 Committee on the Environmental Teach-In, 1970


Box 10 Folder 22 Committee to Aid Anti-War Government Issues, 1968-1970


Box 10 Folder 23 Community Action Committee, 1968


Box 10 Folder 24 Conferences, Programs, Teach-Ins and Performances--Unsponsored, 1968-1972, Undated, 1968-1972, Undated


Box 10 Folder 25 Conservative Union, 1968


Box 10 Folder 26 Counter-Commencement, 1970


Box 10 Folder 27 December Fourth Movement, 1970


Box 10 Folder 28 Dienbienphu Family, 1971


Box 10 Folder 29 Ferris Booth Hall Board of Managers, 1968


Box 10 Folder 30 The Forum--Excerpts from Address Given by Howard Zinn to Students and University in Our Age of Social Action,, 1968


Box 10 Folder 31 Free University, 1968


Box 10 Folder 32 Gadfly--Sponsored by the Protestant Office, 1968


Box 10 Folder 33 Grad Students to End the War, 1967


Box 10 Folder 34 Graduate Student Union, 1968-1970


Box 10 Folder 35 Green Armbands, 1968


Box 10 Folder 36 Hartley Hall Committee, 1970-1971


Box 10 Folder 37 Housing: Program to Activate Community Talent, 1968


Humor and Satire Groups Publications



Box 11 Folder 1 Columbia 69 Society


Box 11 Folder 1 Columbia Italian Americans


Box 11 Folder 1 Columbia Unreconstructed Restructurers


Box 11 Folder 1 Sham-Rock Association


Box 11 Folder 1 Silas Q. Jester


Box 11 Folder 1 Sons of Gael


Box 11 Folder 1 Students Demanding Sex, 1968-1969


Box 11 Folder 2 Independent Committee for Understanding the Strike-Letter to Parents,, 1968


Box 11 Folder 3 Independent Committee of Students and Faculty, 1968


Box 11 Folder 4 Independent Committee on Vietnam, 1966-1972


Box 11 Folder 5 Independent Radicals Association, 1968


Box 11 Folder 6 International Socialists, 1969-1972


Box 11 Folder 7 International Students, 1968-1972


Box 11 Folder 8 Isaiah 2-4 Committee, 1972


Box 11 Folder 9 Janet Benderman Weekly Review, 1969-1970


Box 11 Folder 10 Laos Emergency Committee, 1970


Box 11 Folder 11 Latin American Student Organization, 1970-1975


Box 11 Folder 12 Liberation Study Group, 1968


Box 11 Folder 13 Majority Coalition, 1968-1972


Box 11 Folder 14 Mao Tse Tung Thought Group, 1972


Box 11 Folder 15 McIntosh Anti War Activities Center, 1972



Box 87 Folder 19 Mathematics Building Commune, April 1968


Moratorium Coalition



Box 11 Folder 16 October 15 Coalition


Box 11 Folder 16 Vietnam Moratorium Committee, 1968-1969


Box 11 Folder 17 New American Tea Party, 1971


Box 11 Folder 18 New Leftist Forum, 1968


Box 11 Folder 19 New University Conference, 1969-1971


Box 11 Folder 20 New York Regional Coalition of Students and Faculty, 1969


Box 11 Folder 21 to 22 Occupiers of Buildings--Student Statements and Correspondence, Group Positions, 1968, 1972, 1968, 1972, (2 Folders)


Box 11 Folder 23 Off-Campus Action Network, 1970


Box 11 Folder 24 Pacifist Anarchist Bisexual Psychedelic Conspiracy, 1968-1969


Box 11 Folder 25 Peace and Freedom Party, 1968


Box 11 Folder 26 People's Peace Treaty Conference, 1971


Box 11 Folder 27 President's Advisory Committee on Student Life--Student Representatives,, 1968


Box 11 Folder 28 Progressive Labor Party, 1968-1972


Box 11 Folder 29 Radical Caucus, 1970


Box 11 Folder 30 Radical Jewish Union, 1970


Box 11 Folder 31 The Resistance at Columbia, 1967-1969


Box 11 Folder 32 Revolutionary Marxist Caucus, 1971


Box 11 Folder 33 Revolutionary Student Brigade, Poison Ivy, 1974-1975


Box 11 Folder 34 Seize the Time, 1970


Box 11 Folder 35 Service Societies--A Referendum, 1968


Box 11 Folder 36 Socialism Study Group Project, 1971


Box 11 Folder 37 Spartacus Youth League, 1967-1971


Box 11 Folder 38 Special Committee of the Board of Trustees and Temple Committee--Student Representatives,, 1968


Box 11 Folder 39 Step Sitters and Sympathizers, 1968


Box 11 Folder 40 Strike! Committee and Coalition of Student Leaders, 1968


Box 11 Folder 41 to 42 Strike Coordinating Committee and Strike Steering Committee, 1968, (2 Folders)



Box 12 Folder 1 to 4 Strike Coordinating Committee and Steering Committee, 1968-1970, Undated, 1968-1970, Undated, (4 Folders)


Box 12 Folder 5 Meeting Minutes, 1968


Box 12 Folder 6 Columbia Liberated, 1968


Box 12 Folder 7 The Rational Enquirer, 1968


Box 12 Folder 8 Why We Strike, 1968


Box 12 Folder 9 Reconstruction Committee, 1968


Box 12 Folder 10 The Time: Columbia Strike Bulletin, 1970


Box 12 Folder 11 Strike Central and Strike Office, 1972


Box 12 Folder 12 to 13 Strike Education Committee and Liberation School--Includes Liberation Class Schedules and Notices,, 1968, (2 Folders)


Box 12 Folder 14 Strike Journal, 1972


Box 12 Folder 15 Student Council, 1967-1971


Box 12 Folder 16 Student Draft Information Center, Dodge Hall Group, 1967-1969


Box 12 Folder 17 Student Faculty Committee on Naval Reserve Officers Training Corps,, 1969


Box 12 Folder 18 Student Guard Organizing Committee, 1969



Box 13 Folder 1 Student Homophile League, 1968


Box 13 Folder 2 Student-Labor Solidarity Committee, 1970


Box 13 Folder 3 Student Mobilization Committee to End the War, 1968-1972


Box 13 Folder 4 to 5 Students--Unaffiliated: Accounts, Chronologies and Commentaries--Public Statements, Individual and Joint,, 1968-1969, (2 Folders)


Box 13 Folder 6 Students--Unidentified--Handwritten and Typed Correspondence, 1968-1969


Box 13 Folder 7 Students for Columbia University, 1968-1970


Box 13 Folder 8 to 11 Students for a Democratic Society--Miscellaneous Documents, 1967-1972, (4 Folders)



Box 14 Folder 1 Students for a Democratic Society--Miscellaneous Documents, 1967-1972


Publications


Box 14 Folder 2 The Columbia Statement, 1968


Box 14 Folder 3 The Hard Core, 1968-1969


Box 14 Folder 4 New Left Notes, 1970-1972


Box 14 Folder 5 The Paper Tiger: Journal of Columbia University Students for a Democratic Society,, 1967-1968


Box 14 The Junior Paper Tiger: Journal of Columbia University Students for a Democratic Society,, 1967-1968


Box 14 Folder 6 Up Against the Wall, 1968


Box 14 Folder 7 Labor Committee (Successor Columbia Labor Committee), 1967-1970


Box 14 Folder 8 Students for a Free Campus, 1968-1969


Box 14 Folder 9 to 11 Students for a Restructured University--Includes Restructuring Questionnaire and the Student Voice,, 1968-1969, (3 Folders)


Box 14 Folder 12 Students in East Asian Studies, 1968


Box 14 Folder 13 Students Seeking Responsive Representation, 1968


Box 14 Folder 14 Students Summoned Before the Dean for Disciplinary Action--The Sixty Bad Boys,, 1968


Box 14 Folder 15 Student Afro-American Society


Box 14 Folder 16 Third World Coalition, 1970-1972


Box 14 Folder 17 Tomorrow Press: A Newspaper, 1968


Box 14 Folder 18 Transcendental Students, 1970


Box 14 Folder 19 Undergraduate Academic Affairs Committee, 1968


Box 14 Folder 20 University Action Group, 1972


Box 14 Folder 21 University Committee for a Relevant Education, 1968


Box 14 Folder 22 University Senate Elections Committee, 1969



Box 15 Folder 1 Valuable Property Recovery Unit, 1968


Box 15 Folder 2 Veterans and Reservists for Peace, 1970


Box 15 Folder 3 War Against Racism, 1970


Box 15 Folder 4 Work Stoppage Committee, 1970-1972


Box 15 Folder 5 Worker-Student Alliance Caucus, 1969


Box 15 Folder 6 Worker-Student-Community Coalition, 1971


Box 15 Folder 7 Workers League Club of Columbia, 1970


Box 15 Folder 8 Young People's Socialist League, 1971


Box 15 Folder 9 Young Republicans, 1969


Box 15 Folder 10 Young Socialist Alliance, 1967-1975


Box 15 Folder 11 Youth Against War and Fascism, 1968-1970

Series IX: Students: Schools, Departments, Programs, 1968-1973

Flyers, meeting minutes, news releases, newsletters and reports comprise this series of materials produced by students from Columbia's constituent schools and departments. The strike activities of committees and assemblies of students within the various units of the university are revealed in numerous publications and public statements. Beyond demanding changes in the structure of the university as a whole, these student bodies called for changes within their own schools and departments. Demands and efforts made to enlarge the role of students in the governance and curricular development of these units are prominent in these materials. Opposition to the war in Vietnam represents another topic of activism present in this series; students in the School of Library Service, for example, issued a series of research reports on the war in Southeast Asia.


Box 15 Folder 12 Anthropology, Department of, 1968-1970


Box 15 Folder 13 Architecture, School of, 1968


Box 15 Folder 14 Art History and Archaeology, Department of, 1968-1970


Box 15 Folder 15 Arts, School of the, 1968-1970


Box 15 Folder 16 Barnard College, 1968-1970


Box 15 Folder 17 Business, School of, 1968


Box 15 Folder 18 Columbia College, 1968-1972


Box 15 Folder 19 Engineering and Applied Science, School of, 1968


Box 15 Folder 20 General Studies, School of, 1968-1972


Box 15 Folder 21 Graduate Faculties, 1968-1970


Box 15 Folder 22 History, Department of, 1968-1970


Box 15 Folder 23 International Affairs, School of, 1968


Box 15 Folder 24 Journalism, Graduate School of, 1968-1970


Box 15 Folder 25 Law, School of, 1968-1970


Box 15 Folder 26 Library Service, School of, 1968-1970


Box 15 Folder 27 Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of, 1970


Box 15 Folder 28 Physicians and Surgeons, College of, 1968


Box 15 Folder 29 Physics, Department of, 1972


Box 15 Folder 30 Public Law and Government Program, 1968


Box 15 Folder 31 Religion, Department of, 1968


Box 15 Folder 32 Social Work, School of, 1968-1972


Box 15 Folder 33 Sociology, Department of, 1968-1969


Box 15 Folder 34 The Autonome, 1969


Box 15 Folder 35 Teachers College, 1968-1973


Box 15 Folder 36 Union Theological Seminary, 1968-1970

Series X: Columbia Daily Spectator, Editor's 1968 Student Strike Materials Chronological File, 1968

Materials in this series, including correspondence, flyers, memoranda, and publications, were compiled by Robert Friedman, editor of the Columbia Daily Spectator, in the course of the newspaper's coverage of the 1968 student strike. Documents are organized chronologically and marked according to date received or issued, as well as with internal coding notations.


Box 15 Folder 37 1968 April 23-24



Box 16 Folder 1 1968 April 25-30


Box 16 Folder 2 1968 May 1-4, 1968 May


Box 16 Folder 3 1968 May 5-14


Box 16 Folder 4 1968 May 15-24


Box 16 Folder 5 1968 May 25-June 24, 1968 May

Series XI: Publications, Articles, Clippings, 1965-1975

This series includes articles and publications produced between 1965 and 1975 that deal with the issues of protest and activism at Columbia and at universities in general. The contents of the series are arranged in three parts. The first includes folders containing contemporary articles, monographs, or serial volumes, organized alphabetically by the name of the author, publisher, or serial title. These items deal with the student strikes at Columbia (especially that of 1968), and include works of reportage, opinion, analysis, propaganda, and satire, written from a great diversity of perspectives.

The second group of materials within the series consists of clippings concerning student protest activities at the university and elsewhere, compiled primarily by members of the office of the President and the Alumni Federation. These materials are arranged topically and cover the student strikes at Columbia, other targets of student and faculty activism, and individuals and organizations active during the period. Also present are clippings on student protest activities at other universities, and as a phenomenon in general, which are organized chronologically or by topic.

Finally, the third section of this series includes transcripts of electronic media reports of the 1968 student strike at Columbia, transcribed and compiled by an outside agency, Radio TV Reports, Inc. These are arranged chronologically by date of broadcast.


Box 16 Folder 6 American Bar Association--Report of the American Bar Association Commission on Campus Government and Student Dissent, 1969.


Box 16 Folder 7 "Up Against..."-Arom, Jerry with Andrew Crane


Box 16 Folder 8 "Where Does Columbia Go From Here?"--Arnold Beichman—New York Magazine,, 1968 May 27


Box 16 Folder 9 "Columbia and the New Left."--Daniel Bell--The Public Interest 13, 1968 Fall, 1968


Box 16 Folder 10 "A Day at Columbia."--Jimmy Breslin--New York Post, 1968 April 26


Box 16 Folder 11 "Can American Education Survive One More Year Like the One We Have Just Been Through?"--William Buckley--National Review,, 1970 July 14



Box 18 Flat Files Folder 8 Bullhorn--1972 May 12



Box 16 Folder 12 "Snug But Not Smug, An Open Letter to Alumni."--Barbara Buoncristiano--The Hermes Exchange 1, Number 2,, 1968 October


Box 16 Folder 13 "Twelve Rebels of the Student Right."--Sophy Burnham--New York Times Magazine,, 1969 March 9


Box 16 Folder 14 "The Columbia Rebellion."--The Progressive Labor Party--Challenge: The Revolutionary Newspaper,, 1968 May



Box 17 Folder 1 The Columbia Crisis: Excerpts from a Program Broadcast by Channel 13, WNDT-TV, New York City, on May 3, 1968 Featuring Dr. David B. Truman, Vice President and Provost of Columbia University, 1968, May 3, 1968, 1968


Box 17 Folder 2 Columbia Daily Spectator: Columbia Restructuring, a Supplement, 1968 October 10


Box 17 Folder 3 Columbia Spectator--Crisis at Columbia: An Inside Report on the Rebellion at Columbia from the Pages of the Columbia Daily Spectator--New York: Columbia Spectator, 1968.


Box 17 Folder 4 Columbia Strike Committee--Why We Strike--New York, N.Y., 1968.


Box 17 Folder 5 "On The New Student Nihilism."--Herbert Deane--The Graduate Faculties Newsletter,, 1967 June


Box 17 Folder 6 "Columbia: Seven Interviews."--Stephen Donadio--Partisan Review 3, Number 35, 1968 Summer, 1968


Box 17 Folder 7 "Lust Weekends and the Campus Revolt."--Joe Donahue--Bluebook 108, Number 5,, 1969 October



Box 26 Folder 7 "The Strike: A Critical Reappraisal."--Rusti Eisenberg--Ripsaw 1, Number 1,, 1968 December



Box 17 Folder 8 "Confessions of a Professor Caught in a Revolution."--Amitai Etzioni--New York Times Magazine,, 1968 September 15


Box 17 Folder 9 "The Columbia Crisis."--Thomas P. Ference--The Hermes Exchange, 1968 July


Box 17 Folder 10 Columbia University School of General Studies--Focus: Crisis at Columbia, Number 3, 1968 Winter, 1968


Box 17 Folder 11 "University in Crisis: Test of Courage and Intelligence."--Harry D. Gideonese--Freedom House Newsletter,, 1968 June


Box 17 Folder 12 "The Secret Life of a Columbia Professor."(Parts I and II)--Albert Goldman--New York Magazine,, 1968


Box 17 Folder 13 "The Black Flag of Anarchism."--Paul Goodman--New York Times Magazine,, 1968 July 14


Box 17 Folder 14 "Notes From Columbia."--Scott Gordon--The New York Metropolitan Review 11, Number 30,, 1972 May 4-10


Box 17 Folder 15 "Big Bust on Morningside Heights."--Marvin Harris--The Nation, 1968 June 10


Box 17 Folder 16 "Two, Three, Many Columbias."--Tom Hayden--Ramparts, 1968 June 15


Box 17 Folder 17 The Business School of Columbia University.--The Hermes Exchange 3, Number 1(Business Student Activism Issue), 1970 Summer, 1970


Box 17 Folder 18 "Columbia's New Course-Rebellion I."--Nat Hentoff, circa, 1968


Box 17 Folder 19 "Campus or Battleground? Columbia Is a Warning to All American Universities."--Robert Hessen--Barron's National Business and Financial Weekly,, 1968 May 20


Box 17 Folder 20 "Hail Columbia?"--C. David Heyman--Student, 1968 December


Box 17 Folder 21 "Furor at Columbia: The Savage Rage of Youth."--Frank G. Jennings--Saturday Review,, 1968 June 15


Box 17 Folder 22 Jester of Columbia: Columbia College Today 96 Pages that Distorted Six Weeks that Shook Morningside--Jester Volume LXXI, Number 1,, 1969 April


Box 17 Folder 23 "Six Weeks That Shook Morningside."--George Keller--Columbia College Today, Volume 15, Number 3, 1968 Spring, 1968


Box 17 Folder 24 "Who's In Charge Here? A Few Observations About Authority, Power, and Change on the Modern Campus."--George Keller--A Panel Paper prepared for The National Conference of the American Alumni Council, Miami Beach,, 1968 July 18


Box 17 Folder 25 "Does Student Power Mean Rocking the Boat?"--Joel R Kramer--New York Times Magazine,, 1968 May 26


Box 17 Folder 26 "The Diary of a Revolutionist."(Parts I and II)--James Simon (James Kunen)--New York Magazine 1, Number 11-12, 1968 May 27-June 24, 1968 May


Box 17 Folder 27 The Strawberry Statement: Notes of a College Revolutionary--James Simon Kunen,, 1968


Box 17 Folder 28 "Why We're Against the Biggees."--James S. Kunen--The Atlantic Monthly,, 1968 October


Box 17 Folder 29 "Campus Rebellion."--Henry I. Kurtz--Saga Annual 1, Number 2, 1970


Box 17 Folder 30 "Columbia University: Still at the Crossroads."--Elinor Langer--Science 162,, 1968 November


Box 17 Folder 31 "Mutiny at a Great University."--Life 64, Number 19, 1968 May 10 (portion of the article), 1968 May 10


Box 17 Folder 32 "College: Where Is the Student Rebellion Heading?"--Richard Lorber and Ernest Fladell--Glamour,, 1968 September


Box 17 Folder 33 "The Wider Significance of the Columbia Upheaval."--Margaret Mead--Columbia Forum, 1968 Fall, 1968


Box 17 Folder 34 "SDS: Engineers of the Campus Chaos."--Eugene H. Methum--Reader's Digest,, 1968



Box 18 Folder 1 The Militant: Published in the Interests of the Working People 32, Number 19,, 1968 May 10


Box 18 Folder 2 "The Chaos at Columbia."--The Nation, 1968 May 13


Box 18 Folder 3 The New Leader LI, Number 11, 1968 May 20


Box 18 Folder 4 Newsweek, 1968 May 6, 13., 1968 May


Box 18 Folder 5 Who Rules Columbia?--North American Congress on Latin America, 1968.


Box 18 Folder 6 "Up Against the Wall!"--Dotson Rader--Evergreen, 1968


Box 18 Folder 7 "Report from the Barricades: Rebellion at Columbia."--Dotson Rader and Craig Anderson--The New Republic,, 1968 May 11


Box 18 Folder 8 "A Call to Reaction: Harlem and the Morningside Gym, 1961-1968."--Ted Rall--Term Paper, Columbia University, 1991 Spring, 1991


Box 18 Folder 9 "The Occupation of April, 1968"--Eleanor Raskin


Box 18 Folder 10 Rat: Subterranean News, 1968 May 13-16


Box 18 Folder 11 Columbia and the Community: Past Policy and New Directions--Marc Rauch, Bob Feldman and Art Leaderman--Columbia College Citizenship Council Committee for Research,, 1968



Box 26 Folder 8 Ripsaw: A Journal of Radical Criticism and Analysis Published by Graduate Students at Columbia University, Number 4, 1970 Winter, 1970



Box 18 Folder 12 "Columbia: Notes on the Spring Rebellion"--Mark Rudd--The New Left Reader,, 1975



Box 18 Flat Files Folder 8 The Saturday Evening Post Number 19, 1968 September 21



Box 18 Folder 13 "Old Lions On the Road."--William Schechner--Commonweal 88, Number 17,, 1968 July 26



Box 26 Folder 9 "Orwell, Thou Should'st Be Living at This Hour!"--Allan Silver--The University Reader,, 1970



Box 18 Folder 14 "We Don't Want To Be Educated for the CIA! An Interview with Mark Rudd."--Paul Spike--Evergreen,, 1968


Box 18 Folder 15 "The Case of the Columbia Gym."--Roger Starr--The Public Interest 13, 1968 Fall, 1968


Box 18 Folder 16 "Furor at Columbia: the Ordeal of Academic Revolt."--Bonnie Barrett Stretch--Saturday Review,, 1968 June 15


Box 18 Folder 17 "The 'System' Has Got to Go."--Markland Taylor--College Management, 1968 Summer, 1968


Box 18 Folder 18 Today in France, Number 78, 1969 January-February


Box 18 Folder 19 "On the Steps of Low Library: Liberalism and the Revolution of the Young."--Diana Trilling--Commentary 46, Number 5,, 1968 November


Box 18 Folder 20 "Crime at Columbia."--Alice Widener--USA Magazine, 1968 August 16


Box 18 Folder 21 "Student Subversion: the Origin of America's Leftist Agitators, How They Emerged in the 1960s Slowly, When No One Was Aware, and How in 1968 They Burst Forth With Disruption, Violence, and 'Guerilla Politics'"--Alice Widener--USA Magazine, 1968, 1960s, 1968, 1968


Box 18 Folder 22 "The Agony of Pres.-Adm.-Dir.-Trustee Kirk."--Workers World 10, Number 10,, 1968 May 9


Box 18 Folder 23 "MOJO: Organ of Black Student Congress,", 1968 July


Box 18 Folder 24 "The Power of Columbia: An Institution Against People,", circa 1970


Clippings



Box 19 Folder 1 Student Protest, 1965-1967


Box 19 Folder 2 to 6 1968 Student Protest and Strike, 1968-1969, 1968, 1968-1969, (5 Folders)


Box 19 Folder 7 Alumni, 1968


Box 19 Folder 8 Analysis, Opinion, Columns, Editorials, Commentaries, Letters to the Editor, Summary Articles,, 1968-1970



Box 20 Folder 1 to 2 Analysis, Opinion, Columns, Editorials, Commentaries, Letters to the Editor, Summary Articles,, 1968-1970, (2 Folders)


Box 20 Folder 3 Community Groups--Campus Expansion--Gymnasium, 1968


Box 20 Folder 4 Cox Commission, 1968-1971


Box 20 Folder 5 Discipline, Government Response, Legal Proceedings, 1968-1969


Box 20 Folder 6 Media Coverage Analysis--Publication Reviews, 1968-1971


Box 20 Folder 7 Parents, 1968


Box 20 Folder 8 Schools, Departments and Programs, 1968


Box 20 Folder 9 Strike Education Committee--Liberated Classes, 1968-1969


Box 20 Folder 10 Miscellaneous, 1968


Box 20 Folder 11 to 12 1969 Student Strike, 1969, 1969, 1969, (2 Folders)


Box 20 Folder 13 to 14 1970 Student Strike, 1970, 1970, 1970, (2 Folders)



Box 21 Folder 1 1971 Student Protest, 1971, 1971, 1971


Box 21 Folder 2 1972 Student Strike, 1972, 1972, 1972


Administration


Box 21 Folder 3 1965-1969


Box 21 Folder 4 Graduate Faculties--Herbert Deane and the Strawberry Statement,, 1967-1991


Box 21 Folder 5 President, 1968-1970


Box 21 Folder 6 Trustees, 1968


Box 21 Folder 7 to 9 Anti-Vietnam War, 1963-1971, (3 Folders)


Box 21 Folder 10 Commencement, 1968-1969


Box 21 Folder 11 Defense--Central Intelligence Agency--Intelligence Contacts--Military and War Research Recruiting,, 1966-1972


Box 21 Folder 12 Faculty, 1968-1969


Box 21 Folder 13 to 16 Student Groups, 1966-1977, (4 Folders)


Box 21 Folder 17 to 18 Student Protests--Analysis and Opinion, 1965-1971, (2 Folders)



Box 22 Folder 1 to 4 Student Protests--Analysis and Opinion, 1965-1971, (4 Folders)


Other Universities


Box 22 Folder 5 A-M, 1968-1970


Box 22 Folder 6 N-Z, 1968-1970


Box 22 Folder 7 Foreign, 1968


Box 22 Folder 8 New York Metropolitan Area, 1968-1970


Box 22 Folder 9 Students, 1968-1977


Box 22 Folder 10 Mark Rudd, 1968-1977



Box 23 Folder 1 University Governance--Restructuring, 1968-1972


Broadcast Transcripts by Radio TV Reports, Inc.


Box 23 Folder 2 to 3 1968 April 25-May 1, (2 Folders)


Box 23 Folder 4 to 5 1968 May 2-5, 1968 May, (2 Folders)


Box 23 Folder 6 to 7 1968 May 6-12, (2 Folders)


Box 23 Folder 8 1968 May 13-19



Box 24 Folder 1 1968 May 13-19


Box 24 Folder 2 to 3 1968 May 20-26, (2 Folders)


Box 24 Folder 4 to 5 1968 May 27-June 30, 1968 May, (2 Folders)


Box 24 Folder 6 1968 July 1-August 31, 1968 July



Box 25 Folder 1 1968 September 8-14


Box 25 Folder 2 1968 September 15-October 5, 1968 September


Box 25 Folder 3 1968 October 6-December 31, 1968 October


Box 25 Folder 4 1969 January 2-February 6, 1969 January

Series XII: Commemorations and Historical Accounts, 1970-2018

This small series contains materials relating to the commemoration of the 1968 Columbia strike and post-contemporary accounts of that event. Flyers, correspondence, and clippings document the 1988 reunion of strike participants, as well as other commemorative events like the showing of films of campus. Articles from subsequent anniversaries are also found in this series. The files containing historical accounts consist chiefly of articles and newspaper clippings providing overviews of the strike events and recording the reminiscences of participants.


Box 25 Folder 5 Events and Programs, 1978-1998, Undated, 1978-1998, Undated


Box 25 Folder 6 to 7 Publications, Articles and Clippings, 1970-1999, (2 Folders)


Box 25 Folder 8 Twentieth Reunion of 1968, 1988, 1968, 1988



Box 87 Folder 18 Fiftieth Anniversary Articles, 2018

Series XIII: The Office of the President Records, 1958-1974

This collection reflects the record keeping of the Office of the President from the mid-sixties and early seventies with regard to student activism, demonstrations, protests, the 1968 crisis, and the subsequent restructuring of the University. The bulk of material relates to the events of April–May 1968 and their aftermath. This series was a collection on its own up until August 2007, when it was added to this collection. For this reason some materials contained in this series are duplicates of existing materials.


Subseries XIII.1: Subject Files, 1958-1973

This subseries consists of correspondence, forms, applications, memos, proposals, press releases, handbills, transcripts, and many other materials of all sorts relating to the 1968 crisis, collected primarily by the Office of the President. The materials were generated in more or less equal parts by student group and the administration and to a lesser extent by the faculty. Nearly all aspects of the 1968 crisis are reflected in one way or another in this series.



Box 27 Folder 1 Altaway v. Trustees of Columbia University--Thacher Brief, 1969


Alumni


Box 27 Folder 2 Alumni Federation of Columbia University, 1968


Box 27 Folder 3 Alumni for a New Columbia, 1968


Box 27 Folder 4 General Responses, 1968, Undated, 1968, Undated


Box 27 Folder 5 American Council on Education, 1968, Undated, 1968, Undated


Box 27 Folder 6 Anderson v. Sills Court Opinion, 1969


Box 27 Folder 7 Architecture, School of, 1969, 1970, 1969, 1970


Box 27 Folder 8 Arrests, Records of, 1968, 1971, Undated, 1968, 1971, Undated


Box 27 Folder 9 Arts, School of the, 1968


Box 27 Folder 10 Barnard College, 1968


Box 27 Folder 11 Bureau of Applied Social Research--Questionnaire and Report, 1968


Box 27 Folder 12 Capital Campaign, 1968-1969


Box 27 Folder 13 Class Disruption Notices, 1968


Box 27 Folder 14 Colloquium on Issues in Academic Governance, 1968



Box 28 Folder 1 Colloquium on Issues in Academic Governance, 1968


Columbia College


Box 28 Folder 2 Council, 1966, 1968, 1966, 1968


Box 28 Folder 3 Dean's Office, 1968


Box 28 Folder 4 Dormitories, 1968


Box 28 Folder 5 Joint College Commission, 1968


Box 28 Folder 6 Columbia College Today, 1969


Box 28 Folder 7 Columbia Concerned Parents, 1968, Undated, 1968, Undated


Box 28 Folder 8 Columbia Owl, 1968


Box 28 Folder 9 Columbia University Leadership Conference, 1968


Box 28 Folder 10 Columbia University student Council, 1968-1969


Box 28 Folder 11 Commencement, Handbills, Correspondence, Address, 1968


Box 28 Folder 12 to 13 Commentary on Student Unrest, 1968, Undated, 1968, Undated, (2 Folders)


Box 28 Folder 14 Committee for Defense of Property Rights, 1968, Undated, 1968, Undated


Box 28 Folder 15 Community Relations, 1968


Box 28 Folder 16 Cordier, Andrew--Statements, 1968-1970


Box 28 Folder 17 Cox Commission--Formation and Membership, 1968


Box 28 Folder 18 Crisis Background Information File, 1968



Box 29 Folder 1 Davis, Angus--Two Notebooks, Undated


Box 29 Folder 2 Deans and Directors, Meetings of, 1968


Box 29 Folder 3 December Fourth Movement, 1970, Undated, 1970, Undated


Box 29 Folder 4 Departments--Statements and Reactions, 1959, 1968, Undated, 1959, 1968, Undated


Discipline


Box 29 Folder 5 Columbia College Disciplinary Tribunal, 1968



Box 41 Folder 5 Judicial Council, 1972-1973



Box 29 Folder 6 General, 1968-1969, Undated, 1968-1969, Undated


Box 29 Folder 7 to 8 Grossner v. Trustees of Columbia--Background and Ruling, 1968, (2 Folders)


Box 29 Folder 9 Executive Clemency, 1968


Box 29 Folder 10 Law School Tribunal--Gustin Case, 1968-1969



Box 30 Folder 1 Leniency Request, 1968-1969, Undated, 1968-1969, Undated


Box 30 Folder 2 Yellin Appeal, 1968


Box 30 Folder 3 Engineering and Applied Science, School of, 1968, 1970, Undated, 1968, 1970, Undated


Box 30 Folder 4 Eyewitness reports--University Employees and Officers, 1968, 1970, 1968, 1970


Faculty


Box 30 Folder 5 Ad Hoc Faculty Group, 1968


Box 30 Folder 6 Columbia College--Meetings and Resolutions, 1968, 1970, 1968, 1970


Box 30 Folder 7 Committee on Instruction, 1968


Box 30 Folder 8 Executive Committee of the Faculty, 1968


Box 30 Folder 9 Independent Faculty Group, 1968


Joint Meeting of the Faculties


Box 30 Folder 10 Notices, Notes and Resolutions, 1968 May 4



Box 31 Folder 1 to 2 Official Record, Drafts, 1968 April 28, (2 Folders)


Box 31 Folder 3 to 5 Notices, Notes, Resolutions, Transcripts, Official Record, 1968 April 30 ( 3 Folders), 1968 April 30


Box 31 Folder 6 1968 September 12


Box 31 Folder 7 Announcement Lists, 1968



Box 32 Folder 1 Miscellaneous Statements and Responses, 1968-1970, Undated, 1968-1970, Undated


Box 32 Folder 2 Medicine, Executive Committee, 1968


Box 32 Folder 3 General Studies, School of, 1968


Box 32 Folder 4 Government Sponsored Research, 1963, 1968-1969, 1963, 1968-1969


Box 32 Folder 5 Graduate Student Union, 1968


Box 32 Folder 6 Gymnasium--Releases, Letters, 1968


Box 32 Folder 7 Handbills and Fliers--General, 1966, 1968-1970, Undated, 1966, 1968-1970, Undated


Box 32 Folder 8 Henkin Report--Committee on External Relations, 1968


Box 32 Folder 9 to 10 Injunctions against student Protesters, 1968-1971, (2 Folders)


Interview Transcripts from Television and Radio


Box 32 Folder 11 Face the Nation with Dr. Kirk, 1968



Box 33 Folder 1 Meet the Press with Dr. Kirk, 1968


Box 33 Folder 2 Radio TV Reports, Inc.--David Truman, 1968 May 3


Box 33 Folder 3 Radio TV Reports, Inc.--Dr. Herbert Dean and Fritz Stern, 1968 May 23


Joint Committee on Disciplinary Affairs


Box 33 Folder 4 Cordier--Notice to Students, 1968


Box 33 Folder 5 Draft of Recommendations for Interim Rules to Govern Rallies, Picketing, and Other Mass Demonstrations,, 1968


Box 33 Folder 6 Formation, 1968


Box 33 Folder 7 Operation, 1968


Box 33 Folder 8 Jouvenel, Bertrand de--Paper on Student Unrest, 1968


Kirk, Grayson



Box 34 Folder 1 to 2 Statements and Letters, 1968, (2 Folders)


Box 34 Folder 3 Drafts and Final Issuance of--A Message to Alumni, Parents, and Other Friends of Columbia,, 1968



Box 54 Folder 7 Legal Documents--Pertaining to Columbia University Trustees as both Plaintiffs and Defendants,, 1968



Box 34 Folder 4 Lost and Found Office, 1968


Box 34 Folder 5 Majority Coalition, 1968


Box 34 Folder 6 Military Recruiting, Reports and Statements, 1965-1969, Undated, 1965-1969, Undated


Box 34 Folder 7 Minority Student Issues, 1968-1970, Undated, 1968-1970, Undated


Box 34 Folder 8 Moratorium Coalition, 1968


Box 34 Folder 9 Moratorium, 1969 October 15


Box 34 Folder 10 to 11 Occupation of Buildings, 1968 April, (2 Folders)


Box 34 Folder 12 Paychecks--Disbursement Location Changes, 1968


Box 34 Folder 13 Petitions on Disciplinary Proceedings, 1968



Box 35 Folder 1 Picketing and Demonstrating--University Policy, 1965-1968


Box 35 Folder 2 Police Action, Comments, 1968


Box 35 Folder 3 President's Office--Miscellaneous, 1969, Undated, 1969, Undated


Professional Schools


Box 35 Folder 4 Business, 1968, Undated, 1968, Undated


Box 35 Folder 5 Journalism, 1967-1968


Box 35 Folder 6 Law, 1968-1969, Undated, 1968-1969, Undated


Box 35 Folder 7 Social Work, 1968


Box 35 Folder 8 Other, 1968-1969


Box 35 Folder 9 Progressive Labor Party, 1968, Undated, 1968, Undated


Box 35 Folder 10 Property, University, 1968


Public Information, Office of


Box 35 Folder 11 Chronology of Events, 1968-1969


Box 35 Folder 12 Press Releases, 1968-1969, Undated, 1968-1969, Undated


Box 35 Folder 13 Reports and Statements, 1968


Box 35 Folder 14 Public Relations--Hill and Knowlton, 1968, Undated, 1968, Undated


Box 35 Folder 15 Registration Demonstration, 1968


Box 35 Folder 16 Religious Counselors, 1967-1969


Restructuring


Box 35 Folder 17 General, 1968



Box 54 Folder 5 to 6 Joint Hearings on University Restructuring--Minutes of Sessions, Communications, and Materials, 1968 October 18-November 12, 1968 October, (2 Folders)



Box 36 Folder 1 to 2 Joint Hearings on University Restructuring, 1968, (2 Folders)


Proposals and Recommendations


Box 36 Folder 3 to 4 Administration, 1968-1969, (2 Folders)


Box 36 Folder 5 Faculty, 1967-1969


Box 36 Folder 6 Students, 1968, Undated, 1968, Undated


Box 36 Folder 7 Trustees, 1968-1969



Box 37 Folder 1 Other, 1968-1969


Faculty and Student Participation


Box 37 Folder 2 California, Chicago and Cornell, 1966-1968


Box 37 Folder 3 Penn and Princeton, 1958-1968


Box 37 Folder 4 Yale and Others, Summary, 1963-1968


Box 37 Folder 5 Riot Data Review--Aftermath of King Assassination, 1968


Box 37 Folder 6 Search Committee for Permanent President, 1968-1969


Box 37 Folder 7 Security, Campus, 1968


Box 37 Folder 8 Senate Hearings--McClennan Subcommittee, 1969


Box 37 Folder 9 Staff, University--Position Statements, 1968, 1970, 1968, 1970


Strike Coordinating Committee


Box 37 Folder 10 The Rational Enquirer, 1968



Box 38 Folder 1 Statements and Fliers, 1968, 1970, Undated, 1968, 1970, Undated


Box 38 Folder 2 Strike Education Committee--Class Schedules and Announcements, 1968, Undated, 1968, Undated


Box 38 Folder 3 Strike--Support for from Other Groups, 1968, Undated, 1968, Undated


Box 38 Folder 4 St. Hilda's and St. Hugh's School, 1968


Box 38 Folder 5 Student Organization, Committee on, 1967-1969, Undated, 1967-1969, Undated


Box 38 Folder 6 Student Rights and Responsibilities, 1967-1968


Box 38 Folder 7 Students' Afro-American Society, 1968-1969


Box 38 Folder 8 Students for Columbia University, 1968-1970, Undated, 1968-1970, Undated


Students for a Democratic Society


Box 38 Folder 9 Administration Records of, 1968-1969


Box 38 Folder 10 General, 1967-1968, Undated, 1967-1968, Undated



Box 39 Folder 1 Handbills and Fliers, 1968-1969, Undated, 1968-1969, Undated


Box 39 Folder 2 Meeting Space, 1967-1968, Undated, 1967-1968, Undated


Box 39 Folder 3 Reactions to, 1965, 1968-1969, Undated, 1965, 1968-1969, Undated


Box 39 Folder 4 Students for a Free Campus, 1968-1969, Undated, 1968-1969, Undated


Box 39 Folder 5 Students of Hamilton Hall--May Occupation, 1968


Box 39 Folder 6 Students for a Restructured University, 1968-1969, Undated, 1968-1969, Undated


Box 39 Folder 7 Teachers College, 1968


Temple Committee


Box 39 Folder 8 General, 1968


Box 39 Folder 9 Minutes, 1968


Box 39 Folder 10 Memoranda and Reports, 1968



Box 40 Folder 1 Memoranda and Reports, 1968


Box 40 Folder 2 Tri-Partite Commission, Ad Hoc Committee on, 1968


Box 40 Folder 3 Truman, David--Statements and Letters, 1968


Trustees


Box 40 Folder 4 General, 1968-1969


Box 40 Folder 5 Statements, 1968


Box 40 Folder 6 Union Theological Seminary, 1968


Box 40 Folder 7 University Committee on Rules of Conduct, 1969


Box 40 Folder 8 University Council, 1968, Undated, 1968, Undated


Box 40 Folder 9 University Proctor and Delegate--William Kahn, 1968-1969, Undated, 1968-1969, Undated


University Senate


Box 40 Folder 10 Campus Discussion and Elections, 1969, Undated, 1969, Undated


Box 40 Folder 11 Preliminary Proposal, 1968


Box 40 Folder 12 Proposals and Commentary, 1969


Unrest--Student



Box 41 Folder 1 to 3 Other Universities, 1967-1970, Undated, 1967-1970, Undated, (3 Folders)


Box 41 Folder 4 Vietnam--General, 1969-1970


Subseries XIII.2: Protest Correspondence, 1967-1969, 1972, 1967-1969, 1972

This subseries contains letters, postcards, and telegrams sent to the University by alumni, friends, and otherwise concerned or interested citizens, commenting on the student protests; together with some replies by President Grayson Kirk and others. These communications are generally separated into those which are hostile to the protestors, and those which are hostile to the administration. The "Public Opinion" files were unprocessed and thus the lack of separation of communications into those which are hostile to protesters and those hostile to the administration. Instead these materials are grouped under the title, "Public Opinion," but generally consist of correspondence that is either for or against the administration. Each group is then organized chronologically. Most of the correspondence is impersonal, but included are some highly personal letters from friends and colleagues of President Kirk.


Letters--Anti-Students


Box 41 Folder 6 to 7 1968 April, Undated, 1968, Undated, (2 Folders)



Box 42 Folder 1 to 2 1968 April, Undated, 1968, Undated, (2 Folders)


Box 42 Folder 3 to 8 1968 May, Undated, 1968, Undated, (6 Folders)



Box 43 Folder 1 to 5 1968 June, (5 Folders)


Box 43 Folder 6 to 7 1968 July, (2 Folders)


Box 43 Folder 8 1968 August-September


Box 43 Folder 9 1968 October-December


Box 43 Folder 10 1969 January-May



Box 44 Folder 1 1969 February-September


Letters--Supporting Students


Box 44 Folder 2 to 3 1968 April, (2 Folders)


Box 44 Folder 4 to 6 1968 May, (3 Folders)


Box 44 Folder 7 to 8 1968 May, Undated, 1968, Undated, (2 Folders)


Box 44 Folder 9 1968 June


Box 44 Folder 10 1968 July-August


Letters--Public Opinion



Box 45 Folder 1 to 4 1968, (4 Folders)


Box 45 Folder 5 to 6 1968, Undated, 1968, Undated, (2 Folders)


Box 45 Folder 7 1967-1969, Undated, 1967-1969, Undated


Letters--Public Opinion


Box 45 Folder 8 1968-1969


Box 45 Folder 9 Letters--President Kirk's Response to Public Opinion, 1968


Box 45 Folder 10 Letters--Administration's Response to Public Opinion, 1968



Box 46 Folder 1 Letter Inventory--Alphabetically Listed by Name, Undated


Box 46 Folder 2 to 6 Telegrams--Public Opinion, 1968, (5 Folders)



Box 47 Folder 1 to 2 Clippings Sent to President Kirk, 1967-1968, Undated, 1967-1968, Undated, (2 Folders)


Box 47 Folder 3 Letters to President Kirk Referred to Other Administration for Response,, 1968-1969


Box 47 Folder 4 to 5 Spring 1972 Disturbances--McGill Form Letters, 1972 April-September, 1972, 1972 April-September, (2 Folders)


Subseries XIII.3: Cox Commission, 1959-1969 bulk: 1967-1969, 1959-1969, 1967-1969

This subseries consists of the records of the Fact-Finding Commission appointed to investigate the student protests, chaired by Archibald Cox (Professor of Law, Harvard University). The bulk of the materials consist of transcripts of the testimony given before the Commission, May–July 1968. In addition, the Cox Commission collected various exhibits, reports, publications, and other materials relevant to the hearings; these materials are organized alphabetically.


Box 47 Folder 6 ACE Report on Students for a Democratic Society, 1967


Box 47 Folder 7 Arrests--Statistics, 1968


Box 47 Folder 8 Columbia University Student Council--Truman Correspondence, 1967


Box 47 Folder 9 Correction to Truman's Chronology, 1968


Box 47 Folder 10 Dr. King--Memorial Service, 1968



Box 48 Exhibits


Box 48 Folder 1 Deferred Tuition Plan, 1966-1967


Box 48 Folder 2 Pellegram, Daniel--Statements and Plan, 1964-1966


Box 48 Folder 3 Platt, Alexander, 1967-1968, Undated, 1967-1968, Undated


Box 48 Folder 4 Truman, David, 1967-1968


Box 48 Folder 5 External Research, 1967-1968


Box 48 Folder 6 Eyewitness Reports of Police Action, 1968


Box 48 Folder 7 to 8 Financial Records of Commission, 1968, (2 Folders)


Box 48 Folder 9 First Joint Faculty Meeting, 1968



Box 49 Folder 1 to 3 Flyers and Handbills, 1967-1969, (3 Folders)


Box 49 Folder 4 General Neighborhood Renewal Plan, 1965, 1968, 1965, 1968


Box 49 Folder 5 Goldman and Star, 1968


Box 49 Folder 6 Graduate Sociology Society Flyer, circa, 1968


Box 49 Folder 7 Gym Appraisals--McGuire to Cox, 1959-1968


Box 49 Folder 8 Gym Protest Articles, 1968


Box 49 Folder 9 Hofstadter Speech, 1968


Box 49 Folder 10 Kirk Memo on Picketing, 1967


Box 49 Folder 11 Kirk Response to Columbia University Student Council's Gym Resolution,, 1966


Box 49 Folder 12 Law School Declaration, 1968


Box 49 Folder 13 Medical Reports, 1968


Box 49 Folder 14 Memo's and Letters to President Kirk, 1968


Box 49 Folder 15 Miscellaneous Cox--Including Appearance Schedule, circa, 1968


Box 49 Folder 16 Moratorium Statement, 1968


Box 49 Folder 17 Notes Taken by Marion Jemmott, 1968


Box 49 Folder 18 Press Conference Transcript, 1968 April 25


Box 49 Folder 19 Recruiting Referendum and Report, 1967


Box 49 Folder 20 Report on Faculty Housing, 1966, 1968, 1966, 1968


Box 49 Folder 21 Sato Visit Protest, 1967


Box 49 Folder 22 Students for a Democratic Society Protest, 1968 April 23


Box 49 Folder 23 Six Demands of the Strike, 1968



Box 50 Folder 1 Student Life Report, 1967-1968


Box 50 Folder 2 Truman, David--Chronology and Press Releases During Strike, 1968


Box 50 Folder 3 Trustees, List of, Undated


Proceedings of the Fact Finding Commission, 1968


Box 50 Folder 4 Book I


Box 50 Folder 5 Book II


Box 50 Folder 6 Book III


Box 50 Folder 7 Book IV


Box 50 Folder 8 Book V



Box 51 Folder 1 Book VI


Box 51 Folder 2 Book VII


Box 51 Folder 3 Book VIII


Box 51 Folder 4 Book IX


Box 51 Folder 5 Book X



Box 52 Folder 1 Book XI


Box 52 Folder 2 Book XII


Box 52 Folder 3 Book XIII


Box 52 Folder 4 Book XIV



Box 53 Folder 1 Book XV


Box 53 Folder 2 Book XVI


Box 53 Folder 3 Book XVII


Box 53 Folder 4 Book XVIII


Box 53 Folder 5 Book XIX



Box 54 Folder 1 Book XX


Box 54 Folder 2 Book XXI


Box 54 Folder 3 Index to Testimony Proceedings, 1968


Subseries XIII.4: News Clippings, 1968-1974

This subseries consists of newspaper clippings and radio and television transcripts, together with some magazine articles, related to the student demonstrations, primarily collected by Burrelle's news service. Both Burrelle's Clippings and Radio TV Reports, Inc. transcripts are arranged chronologically.


Box 54 Folder 4 Anti War Articles--Compiled by D. Hunt, 1972-1973


Burelle's Clippings



Box 55 Folder 1 to 7 1968 April, (7 Folders)


Box 55 Folder 8 1968 May



Box 56 Folder 1 to 7 1968 May, (7 Folders)



Box 57 Folder 1 to 8 1968 May, (8 Folders)



Box 58 Folder 1 to 8 1968 May, (8 Folders)



Box 59 Folder 1 to 7 1968 May, (7 Folders)



Box 60 Folder 1 to 4 1968 May, (4 Folders)


Box 60 Folder 5 to 9 1968 June, (5 Folders)



Box 61 Folder 1 to 10 1968 June, (10 Folders)



Box 62 Folder 1 1968 June


Box 62 Folder 2 to 6 1968 July, (5 Folders)


Box 62 Folder 7 to 9 1968 August, (3 Folders)



Box 63 Folder 1 to 9 1968 September, (10 Folders)



Box 64 Folder 1 to 2 1968 October, (2 Folders)


Box 64 Folder 3 to 4 1968 November, (2 Folders)


Box 64 Folder 5 1968 December-1969 January


Box 64 Folder 6 1969 February-March


Box 64 Folder 7 1969 April



Box 65 Folder 1 1969 May-July


Box 65 Folder 2 1969 August-December


Box 65 Folder 3 1970-1974


Radio TV Reports, Inc.


Box 65 Folder 4 to 7 1968 April, (4 Folders)


Box 65 Folder 8 to 10 1968 May, (3 Folders)



Box 66 Folder 1 to 10 1968 May, (10 Folders)



Box 67 Folder 1 to 10 1968 May, (10 Folders)


Box 67 Folder 11 1968 June



Box 68 Folder 1 to 2 1968 June, (2 Folders)


Box 68 Folder 3 1968 July


Box 68 Folder 4 1968 August


Box 68 Folder 5 to 6 1968 September, (2 Folders)


Box 68 Folder 7 1968 October


Box 68 Folder 8 1968 October-November


Box 68 Folder 9 1968 December


Box 68 Folder 10 1969 January


Box 68 Folder 11 1969 February



Box 69 Folder 1 1969 March


Box 69 Folder 2 1969 March-April


Box 69 Folder 3 to 4 1969 April, (2 Folders)


Box 69 Folder 5 to 8 1969 May, (4 Folders)


Box 69 Folder 9 1969 June-August


Box 69 Folder 10 1969 September-October , December, 1969 September-October


Box 69 Folder 11 1970 April, July-August, 1972 April-May, 1970, 1972 April-May

Series XIV: Photographs and Negatives

This series consists of approximately 7,100 photographic negatives almost entirely in 35 mm black and white format, 41 color transparency slides, five reels of 16 mm black and white film, and approximately 300 8 x 10 inch black and white glossy prints with eleven related contact sheets and two folders of administrative documents and clippings belonging to John C. Gardner, Columbia University's Director of Buildings and Grounds.

The images depict protest, activism and campus life, and off campus protests, between the fall of 1967 and 1973, primarily from the perspective of student and university photographers, with a particular focus on the 1968 student strike, or Columbia Crisis. The John C. Gardner Files subseries contains photographs used to identify participants and leaders in the immediate aftermath of the April 23-May 1 campus occupation in 1968, as well as to document and assess damage to buildings and grounds.

The negatives and slides in this series were made by Columbia students primarily for university publications including the Columbia Daily Spectator, Columbia College Today, and the Columbian yearbook, while some appear to have been made recreationally. Some of the photographs were published and disseminated widely around the time of the 1968 student strike, including in Life magazine and internationally, entering into the iconography and public visual discourse of the event and era. Some images have also been republished in subsequent histories of the crisis.

The negatives were collected by documentary filmmaker Paul Cronin for use in his film, A Time to Stir, and deposited at the Rare Books and Manuscripts Library between 2008 and 2009.


Subseries XIV.1: David Bogorad Negatives, 1967-1968

This subseries contains approximately 3,500 black and white 35 mm negatives made by David Bogorad (CC 1970) over the course of 1968 for theColumbianyearbook, including photographs of student groups, academics and athletic events interspersed with images from the campus occupation and crisis of April and May 1968.



Box 70 Folder 1 Columbian Negatives (1-20), Circa 1967 Fall – 1968 Spring, 1967, 1968


Box 70 Folder 2 Columbian Negatives (21-40), Circa 1967 Fall – 1968 Spring, 1967, 1968


Box 70 Folder 3 Columbian Negatives (41-60), Circa 1967 Fall – 1968 Spring, 1967, 1968


Box 70 Folder 4 Columbian Negatives (61-80), Circa 1967 Fall – 1968 Spring, 1967, 1968


Box 70 Folder 5 Columbian Negatives (81-94), Circa 1967 Fall – 1968 Spring, 1967, 1968


Subseries XIV.2: Steve Ditlea Color Slides, 1968-1973

Forty-one color transparency slides made between 1968 and 1973 by Steve Ditlea (CC 1969) document the May 1968 Columbia Counter-commencement, as well as apparent off-campus and on-campus anti-war protests between 1969 and 1973. A sequence of ten slides from June 4, 1969, depict students in their graduation gowns leaving the Cathedral of St. John the Divine for a Counter-commencement on the steps of Low Library. The slides have been arranged in chronological order.


Box 70 Folder 6 Protest and Activism, 1968-1973, undated, 1968-1973, undated

(Including Columbia Counter-commencement)


Subseries XIV.3: Alan Epstein Negatives, 1968

This subseries contains approximately 300 black and white 35 mm, and 40 medium format, negatives made by Columbia student Alan Epstein of protests on and off campus, and of the student strike and building occupations around April and May 1968. Alan Epstein's photographs from the crisis appeared in Spring 1968 inColumbia College Today.


Box 70 Folder 7 Columbia 1968, 1968 Spring, 1968, 1968


Subseries XIV.4: David Finck Negatives, 1968

This series is comprised of approximately 1900 black and white 35 mm negatives, and accompanying log sheets, compiled in a binder and used by the staff of theColumbia Daily Spectator,and its photography editor, David Finck (CC 1969), in the Spring of 1968 to organize and keep track of the newspaper's photographic coverage of the student strike.

The binder is divided into two volumes. Volume One begins on April 23, the first day of the strike, and covers the period of the occupation of five campus buildings, including images from inside them, ending with the police intervention and arrests on April 30 and May 1. Volume Two covers the period from May 2 to May 19, including the police intervention and subsequent campus protests, as well as visits to campus by figures in politics and counterculture. Log sheets at the beginning of each folder provide a guide to the negatives, however not all of the original images remain.

Includes the work ofSpectatorphotographers David Clapp (CC 1971), Craig Ellenbogen (CC 1971), David Finck, Richard Howard (CC 1969) and Allen Wasserman (CC 1971).

Negatives in the David Finck subseries have been transferred to archival negative sleeves, preserving the original order of the negative rows, and placed in folders with their original log sheets and dividers. Folders correspond primarily to single days of the crisis.


Box 70 Folder 8 Volume 1--Columbia Crisis, First Day (Tuesday), 1968 April 23


Box 70 Folder 9 Volume 1--Columbia Crisis, Second Day (Wednesday), 1968 April 24


Box 70 Folder 10 Volume 1--Columbia Crisis, Third Day (Thursday), 1968 April 25


Box 70 Folder 11 Volume 1--Columbia Crisis, Fourth Day (Friday), 1968 April 26


Box 70 Folder 12 Volume 1--Columbia Crisis, Fifth Day (Saturday), 1968 April 27


Box 70 Folder 13 Volume 1--Columbia Crisis, Sixth Day (Sunday), 1968 April 28


Box 70 Folder 14 Volume 1--Columbia Crisis, Seventh Day (Monday), 1968 April 29


Box 70 Folder 15 Volume 2--Columbia Crisis, Bust, 1968 April 30


Box 70 Folder 16 Volume 2--Columbia Crisis, Ninth Day, 1968 May 1


Box 70 Folder 17 Volume 2--Columbia Crisis, Tenth Day, 1968 May 2


Box 70 Folder 18 Volume 2--Columbia Crisis, Weekend, 1968 May 3-May 5, 1968 May


Box 70 Folder 19 Volume 2--Columbia Crisis, First Day of Strike, 1968 May 6


Box 70 Folder 20 Volume 2--Columbia Crisis, Tuesday, 1968 May 7


Box 70 Folder 21 Volume 2--Columbia Crisis, Wednesday, 1968 May 8


Box 70 Folder 22 Volume 2--Columbia Crisis, Thursday, 1968 May 9


Box 70 Folder 23 Volume 2--Columbia Crisis, Friday-Saturday, 1968 May 10-May 11, 1968 May


Box 70 Folder 24 Volume 2--Columbia Crisis, Monday-Wednesday, 1968 May 13-May 15, 1968 May


Box 70 Folder 25 Volume 2--Columbia Crisis, Mini Bust, 1968 May 17


Box 70 Folder 26 Volume 2--Columbia Crisis, The Third Bust (Reoccupation of Hamilton),, 1968 May 21-22


Box 70 Folder 27 Volume 2--Columbia Crisis, Post Bust, 1968 May 22


Box 70 Folder 28 Volume 2--Columbia Crisis Life Photos and Others, 1968 April-May


Subseries XIV.5: Richard Howard Negatives, 1968

This subseries contains approximately 1100 black and white 35 mm negatives made by photographer Richard Howard (CC 1969) in Spring 1968 that document protest and activism on and off the Columbia campus, and primarily the student strike from late-April to early-May. Several of these photographs were published in theSpectatorduring the crisis, and subsequently republished. Four negatives depict members of the Grateful Dead playing a concert outside of Ferris Booth Hall on May 3, 1968. The negatives found in Box 73 are part of accession 2012.2013.M111


Box 70 Folder 29 Student Protests, 1968 April 23-May 1


Box 70 Folder 30 Student Protests, 1968 Spring, 1968


Box 70 Folder 31 Student Protests, 1968 Spring, 1968



Box 73 Folder 32 Negatives of photographs by Richard Howard, 1967


Subseries XIV.6: Lee Pearcy Negatives, 1967-1970

This subseries contains approximately 300 black and white 35 mm negatives made by Columbia student Lee Pearcy in Spring 1968, primarily of the crisis and building occupations, as well as related off-campus student and community protests. A large number of the images contain signs, graffiti and other visual symbols of the events. One of the photographs in this series was used for the cover of the 2009 book,Harlem vs. Columbia University: Black Student Power in the Late 1960sby Stefan M. Bradley. There are also two folders of collected periodicals and ephemera related to the student protests and activism of the time.



Box 71 Folder 1 Student Protests, 1968 Spring, 1968


Box 71 Folder 2 Newspapers and Ephemera, 1967-1970


Box 71 Folder 3 Newspapers and Ephemera, 1967-1970


Subseries XIV.7: Other and Unidentified Photographers, 1967-1970


Box 71 Folder 4 Unknown Photographers, 1967-1970



Box 87 Folder 16 Charles Wall Photographs, 1968

Color slides and prints from slides of campus protests and police presence.


Box 87 Folder 17 Paul Lehner Photographs, 1968

Color photographs and negatives of campus during April and May of 1968


Subseries XIV.8: John C. Gardner Files, 1967-1970

This subseries includes approximately 300 mostly high quality and visually compelling 8 x 10 inch glossy black and white prints, and eleven related contact sheets, of campus protest and activism between 1967 and 1970, many of which appear to have been made by Columbia University photographer Manny Warman. About half of the prints are of events on campus during the student strike in April and May of 1968, including daytime images of students standing on the ledges of Low Library, and of the occupation of the Mathematics building. A significant number of photographs document damage to buildings and evidence of their occupation by students. The subseries also contains photographs of campus protest and activism following the Spring 1968 strike, including SDS-led strikes and building occupations between March and May of 1969.

There are also two folders of administrative documents and clippings, including arrest reports, collected ephemera, memoranda and correspondence belonging to John C. Gardner, Columbia University's Director of Buildings and Grounds. Many of the prints contain notations used to identify students for disciplinary action. A small number of the prints, and some images in the clippings, contain small white stickers identifying students by name and class year.

Many of the prints in the John C. Gardner Files subseries contain markings and notations used to reestablish the sequences and original order of the photographs, and to help identify time, place and significant individuals. A small number of the prints, and some of the images in newspaper articles in a related folder of clippings, contain white stickers identifying students by name and class year.



Box 72 Folder 1 Views of Morningside Park: Exhibit 1 and 2, Undated


Box 72 Folder 2 Site of Ornamental Gate Installation, 116th Broadway, 1967 August 9


Box 72 Folder 3 Prints Used to Identify Participants and Leaders of Strike, Circa, 1968 April-May


Box 72 Folder 4 Prints Used to Identify Participants and Leaders of Strike for Exhibit,, 1968 April-May

(in plastic sleeves)


Box 72 Folder 5 Clippings, Including Some Annotations, and Memos Used by Administration to Identify Students,, 1968 April-June


Box 72 Folder 6 Documents Relating to the Columbia Crisis Collected by James Gardner, Director of Buildings and Grounds, Including Arrest Reports, Circa, 1968 June


Box 72 Folder 7 Student Strike (General), Circa 1968 April 23-May, 1968 April

(Includes Dean Henry Coleman Speaking With Students and Press Outside, Anti-SDS Demonstrations, Rally to Support Liberated Classes, Crowds Outside Hamilton, Fayerweather and Mathematics, Agit-Prop Theater, Faculty on Low Steps, Strike Signage, Press Conference with Alan Westin, H. Rap Brown, Lionel Trilling [?], WKCR Announcer, Grayson Kirk and David Truman Walking on Campus)


Box 72 Folder 8 Students Occupying Low and Mathematics Buildings, Circa 1968 April 23-May 1, 1968 April

(Includes Images of Students Standing at Ledges of Windows)


Box 72 Folder 9 Students Occupying Low and Mathematics Buildings, 1968 April 28

(Includes Images of Students Standing at Ledges of Windows)


Box 72 Folder 10 Students Occupying Low and Mathematics Buildings, 1968 April 29

(Includes Images of Students Standing at Ledges of Windows)


Box 72 Folder 11 Students Occupying Low and Mathematics Buildings, 1968 April 30

(Includes Images of Students Standing at Ledges of Windows)


Box 72 Folder 12 Damage to Insides of Buildings, Circa, 1968 April-May


Box 72 Folder 13 Contact Sheets, Circa 1968 Spring, 1968


Box 72 Folder 14 Students Leaving Fayerweather Hall, Photograph by Professor L. Cohen,, 1968 May 1


Box 72 Folder 15 Students Leaving Buildings, Police Taking Down Signs, Circa, 1968 May


Box 72 Folder 16 Rally on Low Steps, Circa, 1968 April-May

(Includes Gus Reichbach and Florence Kennedy)


Box 72 Folder 17 Press Conference on Low Steps, Circa, 1968 April-May


Box 72 Folder 18 Speakers in Front of Low, 1:15 pm-2 pm, 1968 May 8

(Includes Mark Rudd)


Box 72 Folder 19 Student Band, Dada, Plays in Front of Ferris Booth Hall, 2 pm,, 1968 May 8


Box 72 Folder 20 Speakers on College Walk, 6 pm, 1968 May 8


Box 72 Folder 21 Students Standing on Ledge of Journalism School, 7:30 pm, 1968 May 8


Box 72 Folder 22 Rally on Low Steps, 1968 May 9


Box 72 Folder 23 Demonstration and Speeches at Sundial with Press, 4:15 pm-4:45 pm,, 1968 May 22

(Includes Ron Carver, Mark Rudd, William Sales, and possibly Erich Fromm)


Box 72 Folder 24 Student Rally, Hamilton Hall, 5:30 pm, 1968 May 22


Box 72 Folder 25 Graduate Faculties Student Lounge, Philosophy Hall, 9:30 pm, 1968 May 22


Box 72 Folder 26 Damage to Buildings and Grounds, 1968 May 22

(Includes Abram Plaza, Avery, Earl Hall Fence, Engineering Terrace, Fayerweather, Kent, Hamilton, Havemeyer, Exterior of President's Office, Low Library, Schermerhorn, Uris)


Box 72 Folder 27 Prints of Campus Demonstrations and Takeover of Schermerhorn Hall, Dated September 18, 1968 Circa 1968 Spring-Fall, September 18, 1968, 1968

(Includes Peter Clapp, Henry Gehman, Michael Klare, Greg Knox, Dino Pavan)


Box 72 Folder 28 Student Strike at NYU Over the Dismissal of John Hatchett, Director of King Center, 1968 October 11-October 17, 1968 October


Box 72 Folder 29 Gus Reichbach Trial, 1968 Nov 19, 1968


Box 72 Folder 30 Students Walking by Columbia Gates, 116th Street and Broadway, Circa 1968 Spring, 1968


Box 72 Folder 31 Student Registration, Low Library Rotunda, Circa, 1969 January 31


Box 72 Folder 32 Student Registration, Low Library Rotunda, Circa, 1969 January 31


Box 72 Folder 33 Student Strike, Columbia Campus, 1969 March 25

(Includes Student Homophile League)


Box 72 Folder 34 Occupation of Mathematics Building, 1969 April 30

(Outside of Math Library and Class Leaving Through Windows)


Box 72 Folder 35 Occupation of Mathematics Building, 1969 April 30

(Includes Rally and Strike Leaders Talking to Press)


Box 72 Folder 36 Occupation of Fayerweather and Mathematics Buildings, 1969 April 30

(Includes Reading of Injunction During Evening, Student Activity Outside North Side Chapel)


Box 72 Folder 37 Occupation of Fayerweather and Mathematics Buildings, Circa 1969 April 30-May 1, 1969 April


Box 72 Folder 38 Occupation of Fayerweather and Mathematics Buildings, Circa, 1969 May 1

(Includes Damage to Interiors and Evidence of Occupation, and Weapons Made by Students)


Box 72 Folder 39 Columbia Commencement with Student Protests, 1969 June 3


Box 72 Folder 40 Group Shots of Columbia Staff At Event, Circa, 1968-1969


Box 72 Folder 41 Fire Damage to Bulletin Board, Music Department, Dodge Hall, 1970 October 12


Box 72 Folder 42 Views of Tops of Campus Buildings, 4 x 6 color prints, undated


Box 72 Folder 43 Student Strike, Miscellaneous, Circa, 1968-1969


Box 72 Folder 44 16 mm Black and White Film, Including Some Footage of Campus Protests, February 4, 1969


Box 72 Folder 45 16 mm Black and White Film, Including Some Footage of Campus Protests, February 27, 1969

(film attributed to Louis Chugerman)


Box 72 Folder 46 16 mm Black and White Film, Including Some Footage of Campus Protests, February 27, 1969

(film attributed to Louis Chugerman, 68 Nassau Street, New York)


Box 72 Folder 47 16 mm Black and White Film, Including Some Footage of Campus Protests, circa 1969

(No information on tape box except "push 1 stop" and "W/C")


Box 72 Folder 48 16 mm Black and White Film, Including Some Footage of Campus Protests, circa 1969

(Handwritten note on box sayd "unidentifiable officer and __ students")


Subseries XIV.9: Pieter Boikent Photographs, 1968

This subseries consists of (25) 3.5" x 5" black and white photographs and the original negatives taken by Pieter Bokent who was a student on campus in 1968. The photographs depict students, faculty and police on campus during the 1968 crisis. This set of photos is notable for including many images of black students on campus and black neighbors protesting just outside the campus gates.



Box 71 Folder 4 Pieter Boikent Photographs and Negatives, 1968


Subseries XIV.10: University Photographs, 1968-1969

Created and maintained by University administration, this subseries consists of black-and-white prints and contact sheets depicting events on campus primarily from the spring of 1968. Images also document damage to University property in 1968 and 1969. Many of the images in these folders were created by the University Photographer and correspond to negatives found in Series IV of theOffice of Public Affairs Photograph Collection(UA#0009).



Box 85 Folder 1 Avery and Fayerweather, 1968

(prints)


Box 85 Folder 2 Mathematics, Exterior and Interior, 1968

(prints)


Box 85 Folder 3 Low, Exterior and Surrounding Area, 1968

(prints)


Box 85 Folder 4 Off Campus, 1968

(prints)


Box 85 Folder 5 Campus: Low Plaza, College Walk, South Field, 1968

(prints)


Box 85 Folder 6 Strike, 1968

(prints)


Box 85 Folder 7 Votes At: Chapel, Philosophy, Ramp to Low, 1968

(prints)


Box 85 Folder 8 Close-up People, 1968

(prints)


Box 85 Folder 9 Low and Other Interiors, no people, 1968

(prints)


Box 85 Folder 10 Hamilton Hall, 1968

(prints)


Box 85 Folder 11 Athletics Office Damage, 1969

(prints)



Box 86 Folder 1 Commencement/Counter Commencement, 1968 June 4, 1968

(photo: Noble; contact sheets)


Box 86 Folder 2 Office Damage, Low Library, 1968

(prints)


Box 86 Folder 3 Mark Rudd Press Conference; Campus Shots, 1968 April 27, 1968

(contact sheets; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 1 Roll 6)


Box 86 Folder 4 Mark Rudd and Other Student Protestors Speaker, 1968 April 28, 1968

(contact sheets; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 1 Roll 10)


Box 86 Folder 5 Faculty; Westin and Wallenstein, Outside Hamilton Hall; College Walk, 1968 April 28, 1968

(contact sheets; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 1 Roll 14)


Box 86 Folder 6 Faculty After Meeting-B, 1968 April 28, 1968

(contact sheets; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 1 Roll 15)


Box 86 Folder 7 Outside Hamilton Hall, Low Library, 1968 April 28, 1968

(contact sheets; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 1 Roll 16)


Box 86 Folder 8 Faculty and Majority Coalition Outside Low Library, 1968 April 28, 1968

(corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 1 Roll 17)


Box 86 Folder 9 Demonstrators Outside Low Library and Low Windows, 1968 April 29, 1968

(contact sheets; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 1 Roll 21)


Box 86 Folder 10 Demonstrators Outside Low Library and Outside Low Windows, 1968 April 29, 1968

(contact sheets; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 1 Roll 22)


Box 86 Folder 11 Demonstrators Outside Low Windows, 1968 April 29, 1968

(contact sheets; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 1 Roll 23)


Box 86 Folder 12 Demonstrators and Faculty Outside Low Library, 1968 April 29, 1968

(contact sheets; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 1 Roll 24)


Box 86 Folder 13 Demonstration Aftermath Inside Buildings, 1968 April 30, 1968

(contact sheets; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 1 Roll 27)


Box 86 Folder 14 Demonstration Aftermath Inside and Outside Buildings, 1968 April 30, 1968

(contact sheets; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 1 Roll 28)


Box 86 Folder 15 Demonstration Aftermath Inside Buildings, 1968 April 30, 1968

(contact sheets; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 1 Roll 30)


Box 86 Folder 16 Demonstration Aftermath Inside Buildings, 1968 April 30, 1968

(contact sheets; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 1 Roll 31)


Box 86 Folder 17 Damage, 1968 April 30, 1968

(prints)


Box 86 Folder 18 Demonstrators Outside Low Library and Butler Library, 1968 May 1, 1968

(contact sheets; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 1 Roll 35)


Box 86 Folder 19 Demonstrators; Police; Demonstration Aftermath, 1968 May 1, 1968

(contact sheets; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 1 Roll 36)


Box 86 Folder 20 Cox Commission Members -- Archibald Cox, Diana L. Farnsworth, Hylan G. Lewis, 1968 May 7, 1968

(contact sheets; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 1 Roll 47)


Box 86 Folder 21 Professor Teaching on Lawn; Demonstrators on Broadway and Low Library Steps, 1968 May 8, 1968

(contact sheets; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 2 Roll 49)


Box 86 Folder 22 Demonstrators Off Campus and On Campus, 1968 May 17, 1968

(contact sheets; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 2 Roll 54)


Box 86 Folder 23 Night-time Demonstration; Police Lines, 1968 May 17, 1968

(contact sheets; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 2 Roll 55)


Box 86 Folder 24 Grayson Kirk Press Conference; Demonstrators, 1968 May 22, 1968

(contact sheets; corresponds with UA #0109 Series IV Binder 2 Roll 59)


Box 86 Folder 25 Demonstration Aftermath Inside Buildings, 1968 May 22, 1968

(contact sheets; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 2 Roll 56)



Box 87 Folder 1 Damage, exterior, May 22, 1968

(prints)


Box 87 Folder 2 Damage, windows, May 22, 1968

(prints)


Box 87 Folder 3 Broadway; Truman Press Conference, 1968 May 23, 1968

(contact sheets; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 2 Roll 60)


Box 87 Folder 4 Kirk Office Press Conference, 1968 May 25, 1968

(prints)


Box 87 Folder 5 Morningside Park Rally, 1968 June 4, 1968

(prints)


Box 87 Folder 6 First Set of Contact Sheets, Various Dates


Box 87 Folder 7 AP Wirephotos of C.U. Demonstrations, 1968

(prints)


Box 87 Folder 8 Reoccupation of Hamilton Hall, 1968 May 21-22, 1968

(prints)


Box 87 Folder 9 Demonstrators Outside Low Library and Low Library Windows; Nighttime Demonstration, 1968 April -May, 1968

(prints; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 1 Rolls 6, 10, 15, 18, 19, 22, 24 and Binder 2 Roll 54)


Box 87 Folder 10 Demonstrators Outside Mathematics and Low Library; WKCR Broadcast from Earl Hall, 1968 April 28, 1968

(prints; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 1 Roll 14)


Box 87 Folder 11 Demonstrators Outside Low Library and Mathematics, 1968 April 28, 1968

(prints; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 1 Rolls 15 & 16)


Box 87 Folder 12 Demonstrators Outside Low Library and Low Windows, 1968 April 29, 1968

(prints; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 1 Roll 21)


Box 87 Folder 13 Low Library Demonstrations -- J, L, C, 1968 April, 1968

(prints; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 1 Rolls 10, 18, 22)


Box 87 Folder 14 Demonstrators Outside Low Library and Butler Library, 1968 May 7, 1968

(prints; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 1 Roll 35)


Box 87 Folder 15 Contact Sheets Marking Duplicated Prints, 1968 April 29--May 17, 1968

(corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 1 Rolls 14, 15, 16, 23, 25 and Binder 2 Roll 54)

Series XV: Reel to Reel Tapes

A series of 35 reel to reel tapes. There is a numbering issue with the tapes. Many of the tapes have two numbers--a large, printed label and a hanwritten number. The tapes are arranged by the large typed number on the tape. Please note that there is no Reel 17. The list below notes whatever infromation was found on the tape boxes/reels as the "title". There is a series of index cards with tape information, but it is unclear how it related to the physical tapes. We expect to have a better sense of what is actually on these tapes after they are digitized as part of CUL's AMI project in 2020-2021. These tapes are part of Accession 2012.2013.M111. In 2018 we added (4) additional reel to reel tapes to this series of interviews conducted by Michael Steinlauf (CC 1967) for Liberation News Service.



Box 74 Folder 1 Note cards indexing the reel-to-reel tapes, (37 note cards)


Box 74 Reel 1 Untitled tape, 1968


Box 74 Reel 2 Tape #1, Side 1, Speed 1 7/8, 1968


Box 74 Reel 3 Tape No. 1 (1 7/8), Side 1: Hamilton, Fayerweather, Math; Side 2: Alland., 1968


Box 74 Reel 4 Columbia Strike Chronology Tape 2, Side 1


Box 74 Reel 5 Tape 4: Side 1 Wingate TV Program, Side 2: Grayson Kirk on Meet the Press, 1968-05-26-1968-06-02

(Wingate TV Show, 1 hour on Student Rebellion at Columbia. Juan Gonzalez (strike leader), Hyman Bass (Professor Math), Paul Vilardi (Majority Coalition leader), Eugene Galanter, Professor of Psyhcology)


Box 74 Reel 6 Tape 5: Likely no 68 relevance; Congolese Folk Song, 1968

(Digtized in 2016. NOT David Suskind Show as indicated on index cards)


Box 74 Reel 7 Tape 7, untitled, 1968


Box 74 Reel 8 Tape 8: Cox Commission, 1968


Box 74 Reel 9 Tape 10: Side 1 - Student/Faculty Meetings, Side 2 - Ad Hoc Faculty, 1968


Box 74 Reel 10 Tape 17: Fayerweather Panel (both sides), 1968


Box 74 Reel 11 Tape 18: Fayerweather Panel, 1968


Box 74 Reel 12 Tape 19: Roger, Mandy, Diana - Fayerweather, 1968


Box 74 Reel 13 Tape 20: Fayerweather (Roger, Diana, Mandy), 1968


Box 74 Reel 14 Tape 22: Fayerweather (Barbara, Roger) 1 of 2., June, 25, 1968


Box 74 Reel 15 Tape 24: Barbara and Roger, June 25, 1968


Box 74 Reel 16 Tape 29: Fayerweather (Barbara), June 28, 1968



Box 75 Reel 18 Harris: History of Anthropological Theory, April 1964


Box 75 Reel 19 A B B F, A R B - room interview laid on top of "Harris" lecture, 1968


Box 75 Reel 20 Harris: History of Anthropological Theory, February 1964


Box 75 Reel 21 Harris: History of Anthropological Theory, May 4, 1964


Box 75 Reel 22 Tape 30: Faculty, 1968


Box 75 Reel 23 Untitled


Box 75 Reel 24 #31: Radical Faculty, 1968


Box 75 Reel 25 Untitled, 1968


Box 75 Reel 26 Untitled, 1968


Box 75 Reel 27 Untitled, 1968


Box 75 Reel 28 Untitled, 1968


Box 75 Reel 29 Untitled, 1968


Box 75 Reel 30 Untitled, 1968


Box 75 Reel 31 Untitled, 1968


Box 75 Reel 32 Tape 14, 1968


Box 75 Reel 33 Untitled, 1968


Box 75 Reel 34 Tape #23: Frankel (?), 1968


Box 75 Reel 35 Tape #21: SDS, 1968


Box 75 Reel 36 Untitled, 1968


Box 75 Liberation News Service Interviews (Reel 1 of 4), 1968

Tape donated by Michael Steinlauf (CC 1967) in 2018. He conducted these interviews with individuals involved in the Columbia 1968 events for Liberation News Service.


Box 75 Liberation News Service Interviews (Reel 2 of 4), 1968

Tape donated by Michael Steinlauf (CC 1967) in 2018. He conducted these interviews with individuals involved in the Columbia 1968 events for Liberation News Service.


Box 75 Liberation News Service Interviews (Reel 3 of 4), 1968

Tape donated by Michael Steinlauf (CC 1967) in 2018. He conducted these interviews with individuals involved in the Columbia 1968 events for Liberation News Service.


Box 75 Liberation News Service Interviews (Reel 4 of 4), 1968

Tape donated by Michael Steinlauf (CC 1967) in 2018. He conducted these interviews with individuals involved in the Columbia 1968 events for Liberation News Service.

Series XVI: Daniel L. Schlafly Material on the 1968 Crisis, 1967-1969

The Daniel L. Schlafly Material on the 1968 Crisis series consists of the papers that PhD candidate in history, Daniel L. Schlafly, Jr., collected between 1968 and 1969. Although Schlafly was not involved with any of the organizations participating in the strikes, he gathered a significant quantity of student and administrative literature and publications. These items primarily concern the activities that occurred on campus following the student protests that began on April 23, 1968. There are also some items that pre-date April 22, which pertain to the student groups who contributed to the campus crises. Furthermore, Schlafly occasionally annotated flyers or memoranda with his own notes, though most of his writing only indicates the date. In 2011, Schlafly donated these papers to the University Archives. The series has been separated into two subseries that are both arranged chronologically: Chronological Files and Publications.


Subseries XVI.1 Chronological Files

This subseries contains student and administrative literature that was collected by Daniel L. Schlafly from April 1968 to April 1969. The materials almost exclusively relate to campus unrest, although there are some regarding the Vietnam War and Morningside Heights housing protests. Included are flyers, fact sheets, statements, and other ephemera that were created by student groups, both protesting and anti-protest. Schlafly also collected the official statements made by the administration. Schlafly oftentimes wrote dates on undated items, allowing for the chronological files to cover almost every day of the student strikes and their lasting effect. Files are arranged chronologically.



Box 76 Before 22, April 1968


Box 76 22, April 1968


Box 76 23, April 1968


Box 76 24, April 1968


Box 76 25, April 1968


Box 76 26, April 1968


Box 76 27, April 1968


Box 76 28, April 1968


Box 76 29, April 1968


Box 76 30, April 1968


Box 76 April 1968


Box 76 1, May 1968


Box 76 2, May 1968


Box 76 3, May 1968


Box 76 Before 4, May 1968


Box 76 4, May 1968


Box 76 5, May 1968


Box 76 6, May 1968


Box 76 7, May 1968


Box 76 8, May 1968


Box 76 9, May 1968


Box 76 10, May 1968


Box 76 13, May 1968


Box 76 14, May 1968


Box 76 15, May 1968


Box 76 16, May 1968


Box 76 17, May 1968


Box 76 18, May 1968


Box 76 20, May 1968


Box 76 21, May 1968


Box 76 22, May 1968


Box 76 23, May 1968


Box 76 27, May 1968


Box 76 28-31, May 1968


Box 76 June 1968


Box 76 July 1968


Box 76 September 1968



Box 77 October 1968


Box 77 November 1968


Box 77 December 1968


Box 77 January 1969


Box 77 February1969


Box 77 March1969


Box 77 April 1969


Subseries XVI.2: Publications

This subseries consists of the publications, including newspapers, newsletters, reports, periodicals, and newspaper clippings, that Daniel Schlafly collected between 1967 and 1969. These publications were created by different and opposing organizations, such as Students for a Democratic Society, Columbia University's administration, Progressive Labor Party, and Life. The most complete set of issues arethe columbia OWL, the newspaper for general studies students at Columbia University, which spans from April 1967 to 1969. Copies of theColumbia Daily Spectatorhave been removed from this series since they have been fully digitized and physical copies are housed off site in their own collection. Publications are arranged chronologically.


Box 77 the columbia OWL, 26 April 1967-23, April 1969


Box 77 The Paper Tiger, 1, December 1967


Box 77 Barnard Bulletin, 17 April -8, May 1968


Box 77 Washington Free Press, 22 April -18, May 1968


Box 77 The Worker, 27, April 1968


Box 77 caw! Magazine , May 1968


Box 77 Challenge , May 1968


Box 77 Guardian, 4, May 1968


Box 77 Newsweek, 6, May 1968


Box 77 International House Globe, 9, May 1968


Box 77 Pulse, 9, May 1968


Box 77 Life, 10, May 1968



Box 78 The Militant, 10, May 1968


Box 78 At Issue, 13, May 1968


Box 78 Barron's, 20, May 1968


Box 78 The New Leader, 20, May 1968


Box 78 Rational Enquirer, 28 May -3, June 1968


Box 78 Report of the Columbia University Committee on Relations with Outside Agencies, 31, May 1968


Box 78 Columbia College Today, Spring, 1968


Box 78 Ramparts, 15, June 1968


Box 78 Partisan Review, Summer, 1968


Box 78 The Cox Commission Report , June 1968


Box 78 Student Voice, 9 August -16, December 1968


Box 78 Strike!, 17, December 1968


Box 78 ¡Venceremos!, 19, September 1968


Box 78 The Hard Core, 15/29 October -20 December 1968, 15/29, December 1968


Box 78 Columbia Law School News, 11, December 1968


Box 78 Columbia (by Mark Rudd) , March1969


Box 78 Columbia University Newsletter, 21, April 1969


Box 78 Who Rules Columbia? , undated


Box 78 Newspaper clippings, 1968-1969

Series XVII: Bureau of Applied Social Research Files, 1968-1978

This series consists of materials generated by the Bureau of Applied Social Research (BASR) as it attempted to analyze the events at Columbia in the spring of 1968. Materials consist of a questionnaire and codebooks used to gauge the responses of various constituencies on campus regarding these events. Additionally, this series contains the files maintained by BASR director, Allen Barton, which informed the creation of the questionnaire and reflect his views on what transpired on campus. The series has been separated into two subseries: Questionnaires and Allen Barton Materials.


Subseries XVII.1 Questionnaires, 1968

This sub-series consists of hundreds of completed questionnaire forms by students and faculty members for the BASR study. The student questionnaire asks for reactions to administrative actions, the student protests, and what steps could be taken to improve the university community moving forward. The faculty questionnaire asks for critique and feedback to the administration on what could have been done differently, and if faculty felt relationships on campus are better or worse than before. These forms also ask for demographic information. This collection of questionnaires provides a glimpse into what people were thinking almost immediately following the protest, and how viewpoints of faculty and students may have crossed or differed substantially. Each questionnaire only has a certain page of questions associated with it; however, there is a codebook available to see the rest of the questions, along with quantitative data showing the numbers of participants. .



Box 79 Folder 1-10 Student Questionnaires (10 folders), 1968



Box 80 Folder 1-6 Faculty Questionnaires (6 folders), 1968


Subseries XVII.2 Allen Barton Materials, 1968-1978

Allen Barton, a professor of Sociology, was the director of Columbia University's Bureau of Applied Social Research from 1962 to 1975. This sub-series consists of his notes, papers (both published and unpublished), journal articles, subject files, and background material he compiled as he prepared the BASR survey of the post 1968 protest campus and reflected on those events himself. Included is Barton's methodological and analytical breakdown of the process for the survey. Some of the background material collected by Barton (arranged by topic) may duplicate documents found in other parts of this collection.



Box 81 Folder 1 Multivariate Analysis Tabulation, 1968


Box 81 Folder 2 Path Analysis of Sources, 1971


Box 81 Folder 3 School/Department Political Contexts, 1968


Box 81 Folder 4 Religion in Attitudes/Behavior (Barton Hand Written Notes),, 1973


Box 81 Folder 5 Turnover Before/After Police (Barton Hand Written Notes), undated


Box 81 Folder 5 Indices, Typology, Tables (Allen Barton Hand Written Notes),, undated


Box 81 Folder 6 Codebooks, 1969



Box 82 Folder 1 Student Class Papers on Study, 1968-1978


Box 82 Folder 2 Allen Barton Published Papers on 1968, undated


Box 82 Folder 3 Allen Barton Unpublished Paper, 1968


Box 82 Folder 4 Paper on Faculty Response by Stephen Cole, 1969


Box 82 Folder 5 Telephone Follow-Up Survey, 1968


Box 82 Folder 6 Questionnaire with Cover Letter, 1968


Box 82 Folder 7 Police Action Survey, 1968


Box 82 Folder 8 Harlem Resident's Survey, 1968


Box 82 Folder 9 Loya Metzger M.A. Thesis, 1971


Box 82 Folder 10 Allen Barton Personal Statements, 1968-1974


Box 82 Folder 11 University Official Statements, 1968-1970


Box 82 Folder 12 Radical Student Statements, 1968



Box 83 Folder 1 Journal Articles and Media on Strike, 1968-1969


Box 83 Folder 2 Pre-1968 Studies on Columbia Students, 1965-1968


Box 83 Folder 3 "The Case of the Columbia Gym" by Roger Starr, 1968


Box 83 Folder 4 "The Columbia University Insurrection" by Eric Mann, 1968


Box 83 Folder 5 Allen Barton Statements, 1968


Box 83 Folder 6 Joint Committee on Disciplinary Affairs, 1968


Box 83 Folder 7 Graduate Sociology Department, 1968


Box 83 Folder 8 Cox Committee, 1968


Box 83 Folder 9 Office of the President, 1968


Box 83 Folder 10 Executive Committee on Faculty, 1968


Box 83 Folder 11 Office of Public Information, 1968


Box 83 Folder 12 Independent Faculty Group, 1968



Box 84 Folder 1 Faculty Statements, 1968


Box 84 Folder 2 Parent Statements, 1968


Box 84 Folder 3 Commencement, 1965, 1968


Box 84 Folder 4 Press Clippings, 1968


Box 84 Folder 5 Students for a Democratic Society, 1968


Box 84 Folder 6 Student Groups, 1968


Box 84 Folder 7 Strike Coordinating Committee, 1968


Box 84 Folder 8 Liberation Classes, 1968


Box 84 Folder 9 Strike Steering Committee, 1968


Box 84 Folder 10 Strike Education Committee, 1968


Box 84 Folder 11 Columbia Student Council, 1968


Box 84 Folder 12 Student Statements, 1968


Box 84 Folder 13 Ad Hoc Faculty Group, 1968


Box 84 Folder 14 Student Voice, 1968


Box 84 Folder 15 Rational Enquirer, 1968


Box 84 Folder 15 Teachers College Strike Committee, 1968