Rare Book & Manuscript Library
 

Wellington Koo papers, 1906-1992, bulk 1931-1966

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Series III: League of Nations

Series comprises primarily notes of conversation, correspondence, memoranda, petitions, documents, notes, speeches and statements, related to Wellington Koo's work with the League of Nations, including the Lytton Commission. Materials include various subject files relating international issues addressed at the League of Nations, and documents relating to the Chinese Delegation's papers, dating from 1929 to 1940. Additional sparse files may be found in Subseries IV.4: International Affairs as time period overlaps with Koo's career as the Chinese Ambassador to France.

Arranged by subject.


Subseries III.1: Lytton Commission, 1929-1933

Subseries includes notes of conversation and correspondence dating from 1929 to 1933 related to the Lytton Commission's investigation and reports on the Mukden Incident (also known as the September 18 Incident), where the Japanese military began its invasion of Manchuria. The notes of conversation include meeting notes of Wellington Koo, as the Chinese Assessor to the Commission of Enquiry into Sino-Japanese Dispute, with the Lytton Commission, Japanese and Chinese government officials. The correspondence, telegram, memoranda, reports emphasize on the Sino-Japanese conflict as well as the Lytton Report which documents the investigation and the findings of the Mukden Incident.

Arranged by subject.



Box 4 Folder 2-3 Inventory list, Lytton Comission (Box 4-7)

Former Box 4 Folder 2-3


Notes of conversation, 1929-1932


Box 4 Folder 1 Notes of conversation on board SS Gauge, handwritten, September-November 1932

Former Box 4 Folder 1


Box 4 Folder 4 Lytton conversations, March-June 1932

Include index. Duplicates were sent to Academia Sinica, note from previous inventory.

Former Box 4 Folder 4


Box 4 Folder 5 Lytton conversations, June 1932

Duplicates were sent to Academia Sinica, note from previous inventory.

Former Box 4 Folder 5


Box 4 Folder 6 Robert Haas conversations, March-August 1932

Include index. Duplicates were sent to Academia Sinica, note from previous inventory.

Former Box 4 Folder 6


Box 4 Folder 7 Conversation with Japanese officials, March-May 1932

Include index.

Former Box 4 Folder 7


Box 4 Folder 8 Conversation with individuals in Mukden and the Minister of Peiping, Nelson Y. Johnson, Ingram, Trautmann, Garridos, March-August 1932

Include index.

Former Box 4 Folder 8


Box 4 Folder 9 Conversations with General Frank Ross McCoy, Count Aldrovandi-Marescotti, Albert H.H. Schnee, General Henri Claudel, March-July 1932

Include index.

Former Box 4 Folder 9


Box 4 Folder 10 Conversation with Dr. Schnee, September 1932

Include index.

Former Box 4 Folder 10


Box 4 Folder 11 Memoranda on negotiations of extraterritoriality, 1929-1931

Former Box 4 Folder 11



Box 5 Folder 1 Commission with Marshal Zhang Xueliang (張學良), Chinese government members, League commission in Peking, April-June 1932

Carbon copy and extra copies.

Former Box 5 Folder 1


Box 5 Folder 2 Commission with Marshal Zhang Xueliang (張學良), April 12-15, 1932

Former Box 5 Folder 2


Box 5 Folder 3 Chinese government members League commission in Peking, March 29, 1932-April 1, 1932

Duplicates from former box 5 folder 8.

Former Box 5 Folder 3


Box 5 Folder 3 Chinese government members League commission in Peking, June 19-20,1932

Duplicates from former box 5 folder 8.

Former Box 5 Folder 3


Box 5 Folder 4 Commission's correspondence, March-November 1932

Former Box 5 Folder 4


Box 5 Folder 5 Special meetings of the Commission, March 25, 1932

Including 3 extra copies

Former Box 5 Folder 5


Box 5 Folder 6 Commission of inquiry, April 10, 1932

Former Box 5 Folder 6


Box 5 Folder 7 Chinese government members, League commission in Peking, June 19-20, 1932

Duplicate

Former Box 5 Folder 7


[folder no longer exist]

Duplicates; moved to box 5 folder 3.

Former Box 5 Folder 8


Correspondence and Documents, 1930-1933


Box 5 Folder 8 Letters and Memoranda sent to Robert Haas, April-August 1932

Former Box 5 Folder 9


Box 5 Folder 9 Telegrams concerning the situation in Jehol, July-August 1932

Former Box 5 Folder 10


[folder no longer exist]

Note comes from original inventory.

Former Box 5 Folder 11


Box 5 Folder 10 Telegrams to Sinodelege (Chinese delegation) in Geneva, March 1932

From W. W. Yen (顏惠慶)

Former Box 5 Folder 12



Box 6 Folder 1 Koo's Telegrams with Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 1932-1933

Former Box 6 Folder 13


Box 6 Folder 2 Koo's Telegrams and meeting records (in Chinese), March-July 1932

Former Box 6 Folder 14


[folder no longer exist]

Formerly folder 15 [Telegrams from Peking (in Chinese)]; only one envelope with no content; interfiled with box 6 folder 2.

Former Box 6 Folder 15


Box 6 Folder 3 Koo's telegrams from the Northeast, May 1932

Mostly from Nanjing.

Former Box 6 Folder 16


Box 6 Folder 4 Telegrams with Zhang Xueliang (張學良), 1932-1933

Former Box 6 Folder 17


Box 6 Folder 5 Koo's telegrams with the Commission, March-August 1932

Former Box 6 Folder 18


Box 6 Folder 6 Manchukuo Protocol, September 1932

Former Box 6 Folder 19


Box 6 Folder 7 People's petitions to Chinese Assessor, 1932

Former Box 6 Folder 20


[folder no longer exist] [Transferred to League Papers]

Note comes from original inventory.

Former Box 6 Folder 21


Box 6 Folder 8 Lytton Commission's report, 1932

Include maps.

Former Box 6 Folder 22


Box 6 Folder 9 Comments on Lytton Report, 1932

Former Box 6 Folder 23


Box 6 Folder 10 Telegram and news clippings commenting on the Lytton Report, 1932

Former Box 6 Folder 23a



Box 7 Folder 1 Three unofficial memoranda on solving the crisis of Japanese aggression, 1931

Former Box 7 Folder 24


Box 7 Folder 2 Official Memoranda regarding Northeast crisis and the inquiry, 1931-1932

Former Box 7 Folder 25


Box 7 Folder 3 Government's policy memoranda, 1931-1932

Former Box 7 Folder 26


Box 7 Folder 4-5 Important memoranda regarding various issues in the Northeast crisis, 1931-1932

Former Box 7 Folder 27a-27b


Box 7 Folder 6 Speeches and statements, 1931-1932

Former Box 7 Folder 28


Box 7 Folder 7 List of documents brought to Lisbon in 1941, regarding the Commission papers on Sino-Japanese conflicts, 1941

Former Box 7 Folder 29


Box 7 Folder 8 Lytton's memorandum on General Ma Chan-san's (馬占山) interview, 1932

Former Box 7 Folder 30


Box 7 Folder 9 Letters concerning the Commission's work, 1932

Former Box 7 Folder 31


Box 7 Folder 10 Heilungkiang (黑龍江) Society, 1931

Former Box 7 Folder 32



Box 273 Folder 23 Incoming, to Koo (as Foreign Minister) and with the Lytton Commission in China, 1930-1932


Box 273 Folder 24 Speech given in Qingdao, in Chinese, circa 1931-1932 or 1946


Box 273 Folder 25 China and the Sino-Japanese Treaty; Special Committee on Research of Northeastern affairs, 1931


Box 273 Folder 26 Correspondence and personal expenses, 1932-1933


Subseries III.2: Subject files, 1931-1940

Subseries consists of documents, news clippings, memoranda on various international issues presented at the League of Nations, such as disarmament, opium, welfare, hygiene, economic cooperation, trades and sanctions, Sino-Japanese conflict, League of Nations reforms, and the status and conflicts between countries, etc., dating from 1931 to 1940. Files also include documents from Sessions of the Assembly of the League of Nations, Conferences in Geneva and Brussels, and topical conferences during Wellington Koo's active period as a representative of the Chinese Delegation at the League of Nations.

Arranged semi-chronologically and by subject.



Box 8 Folder 13a Inventory of League of Nations documents (Box 8-14), undated

Former Box 8 Folder 13a


Box 8 Folder 1 List of Chinese delegates to the League, undated

Former Box 8 Folder 1


Box 8 Folder 2 Council on Sino-Japanese question, 1931

Former Box 8 Folder 2


Box 8 Folder 3 Assembly on Sino-Japanese question, 1932

Include English telegrams to Koo, Feb.-Mar. 1932

Former Box 8 Folder 3


Box 8 Folder 4 On Lytton Commission, 1932

Former Box 8 Folder 4


Box 8 Folder 5 Scelle's memoranda, 1932

Former Box 8 Folder 5


Box 8 Folder 6 Shanhaikuan question, 1932-1933

Former Box 8 Folder 6


Box 8 Folder 7 Paraguay-Bolivia dispute, 1932

Former Box 8 Folder 7


Box 8 Folder 8 China's appeals on Japanese aggression, 1932

Former Box 8 Folder 8


Box 8 Folder 9 Telegrams to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, regarding Japanese aggression, 1932

Former Box 8 Folder 9


Box 8 Folder 10 Telegrams from Ministry of Foreign Affairs, regarding Japanese aggression, 1932

Former Box 8 Folder 10


Box 8 Folder 11 Memoranda regarding above Japanese aggression, 1932

Former Box 8 Folder 11


Box 8 Folder 12 Opium question, 1932

Former Box 8 Folder 12-12a


Box 8 Folder 13 China's foreign trade and objections to the Lytton report, 1932

Former Box 8 Folder 13



Box 9 Folder 1 Julius Becker's employment, 1933

Telegrams from Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Former Box 9 Folder 14


Box 9 Folder 2 Chinese Women's welfare organizations, 1933

Former Box 9 Folder 15


Box 9 Folder 3 Monetary Conference, 1933

Former Box 9 Folder 16


Box 9 Folder 4 Frank J. Dolan's currency plan, 1933

Include correspondence and proposal for world currency

Former Box 9 Folder 17


Box 9 Folder 5 Telegrams to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, on Sino-Japanese question, 1933

Former Box 9 Folder 18


Box 9 Folder 6 Telegrams from Ministry of Foreign Affairs, on Sino-Japanese question, 1933

Former Box 9 Folder 19


Box 9 Folder 7 Memoranda on Sino-Japanese question, 1933

Former Box 9 Folder 20


Box 9 Folder 8-9 Disarmament Conference, 1933-1934

Former Box 9 Folder 21a-21b


Box 9 Folder 10 Economic cooperation, 1934

Former Box 9 Folder 22


Box 9 Folder 11 Colombia-Peru dispute, 1934

Former Box 9 Folder 23


Box 9 Folder 12 Assyrian question, 1934

Former Box 9 Folder 24



Box 10 Folder 1 Manchuria question: non-recognition and postal communication and transit, 1932-1934

Former Box 10 Folder 25


Box 10 Folder 2 League of Nations, 1934

Former Box 10 Folder 26


Box 10 Folder 3 Rules of Procedures of the Assembly, 1935

Former Box 10 Folder 27


Box 10 Folder 4 Arms embargo, 1935

Former Box 10 Folder 28


Box 10 Folder 5 Italy's aggression on Abyssinia, 1935-1936

Former Box 10 Folder 29


Box 10 Folder 6 League of Nations, 1935

Former Box 10 Folder 30


Box 10 Folder 7 Economic Committee, 1936

Former Box 10 Folder 31


Box 10 Folder 8 Hygienic Committee, 1936

Former Box 10 Folder 32


Box 10 Folder 9 Election of the Judges of the Court, 1936

Robin Jacquemyn and Wang Chunghui (王寵惠)'s vacancy

Former Box 10 Folder 33


Box 10 Folder 10 League reform, meeting record, 1936-1937

Former Box 10 Folder 34


Box 10 Folder 11 League reform, documents, 1936-1937

Former Box 10 Folder 35


Box 10 Folder 12 League reform, recommendations, 1936-1937

Former Box 10 Folder 36


Box 10 Folder 13 League of Nations, 1936

Former Box 10 Folder 37


Box 10 Folder 14 Application of the principles of the Covenant Disarmament Committee, 1937

Former Box 10 Folder 38


Box 10 Folder 15 Opium question, 1937

Former Box 10 Folder 39



Box 11 Folder 1 Telegram of Chinese delegates in League, 1937

Former Box 11 Folder 40


Box 11 Folder 2 Li Yu-ying (李煜瀛)'s representation, 1937

Former Box 11 Folder 41


Box 11 Folder 3 Case of Danzig, 1937

Former Box 11 Folder 42


Box 11 Folder 4 Hygiene in American states, 1937

Former Box 11 Folder 43


Box 11 Folder 5 Election of the Judges of the Court, 1937

Former Box 11 Folder 44


Box 11 Folder 6 Spanish civil war, 1937

Former Box 11 Folder 45


Box 11 Folder 7 Dr. Koever's case, 1937

Former Box 11 Folder 46


Box 11 Folder 8 Bombing question, 1937

Former Box 11 Folder 47


Box 11 Folder 9 Anti-epidemic plan, 1937

Former Box 11 Folder 48


Box 11 Folder 10 Telegrams and letters regarding Japan's aggression, 1937

Former Box 11 Folder 49


Box 11 Folder 11 Memoranda regarding Japan's aggression, 1937

Former Box 11 Folder 50


Box 11 Folder 12-15 Advisory committee meetings and reports on Sino-Japanese War, 1937

Folder 15 are duplicates of folder 12.

Former Box 11 Folder 51-52c



Box 12 Folder 1 Draft resolution proposed by the Chinese representatives on Sino-Japanese conflicts, 1937

Former Box 12 Folder 53


Box 12 Folder 2 Koo's speeches, 1937

Former Box 12 Folder 54


Box 12 Folder 3 Documents of the Council, 1937

Former Box 12 Folder 55


Box 12 Folder 4 Documents of the Assembly, 1937

Former Box 12 Folder 56


Box 12 Folder 5 Meeting plans, budgets, and closing speeches, 1937

Former Box 12 Folder 57


Box 12 Folder 6 List of delegates, 1938

Former Box 12 Folder 58


Box 12 Folder 7 Women's Committee, 1938

Former Box 12 Folder 59


Box 12 Folder 8 China's re-election to the Council, 1938

Former Box 12 Folder 60


Box 12 Folder 9 Election of Judges of the Court, 1938

Former Box 12 Folder 61


Box 12 Folder 10 League reform, 1938

Former Box 12 Folder 62


Box 12 Folder 11 Economic Committee, 1938

Former Box 12 Folder 63


Box 12 Folder 12 Epidemic prevention, 1938

Former Box 12 Folder 64


Box 12 Folder 13 Japan's use of poison gas, 1938

Former Box 12 Folder 65


Box 12 Folder 14 League's economic cooperation with China, 1938

Former Box 12 Folder 66


Box 12 Folder 15 Flood control in China, 1938

Former Box 12 Folder 67


Box 12 Folder 16 Bombing question, 1938

Former Box 12 Folder 68



Box 13 Folder 1 Abyssinian question, Ethiopian question, telegrams from Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 1938

Former Box 13 Folder 69


Box 13 Folder 2 Opium question, 1938

Former Box 13 Folder 70


Box 13 Folder 3 China appeals, 1938

Former Box 13 Folder 71


Box 13 Folder 4 Sanction on Japan, 1938

Former Box 13 Folder 72


Box 13 Folder 5 Council, 1938

Former Box 13 Folder 73


Box 13 Folder 6 League of Nations, 1938

Former Box 13 Folder 74



Box 14 Folder 1 Koo's speeches, 1938

Former Box 14 Folder 75


Box 14 Folder 2 List of interviews, 1938

Former Box 14 Folder 76


Box 14 Folder 3 Spanish volunteer list, 1939

Former Box 14 Folder 77


Box 14 Folder 4 China's re-election to the Council, 1939

Former Box 14 Folder 78


Box 14 Folder 5 Sanction on Japan, 1939

Former Box 14 Folder 79


Box 14 Folder 6 Election of judges of the Court, 1939

Former Box 14 Folder 80


Box 14 Folder 7 China at the League, 1939

Former Box 14 Folder 81


Box 14 Folder 8 Koo's speeches, 1939

Former Box 14 Folder 82


Box 14 Folder 9 Election judges of the Court, 1940

Former Box 14 Folder 83


Box 14 Folder 10 League of Nations, 1940

Former Box 14 Folder 84



Box 262 Folder 4 Protection of Minorities and other League of Nations documents, 1933-1934


News clippings


Box 262 Folder 6 Japan's opinion on China, in English, 1934


Box 262 Folder 7 Reference materials on the Sino-Japanese conflict, 1937-1938


Box 262 Folder 8 Sino-Japanese conflict, in English and French, 1937



Box 241 Folder 6 Nine Power Treaty conference; Brussels conference, in French, November 1937


Box 241 Folder 7 Hainan islands, in French, June-July 1938


Box 241 Folder 8 Japanese occupation in China, in French, March-November 1937



Box 243 Folder 1 Nine Power Treaty Conference and Japanese occupation in China, in French, November 1937


Box 243 Folder 2 Washington Talks, in French, January-April 1933


Box 243 Folder 6 Soviet Union, 1933-1934


Box 243 Folder 9 Japanese in North China, in Chinese, 1936


Box 243 Folder 3 The New Commonwealth, 1938-1939


Box 243 Folder 4 The Real Task of the conference for the limitation of the cultivation of the opium poppy, May 23, 1938


Box 243 Folder 5 Anti-Opium Information Bureau, 1936


Box 243 Folder 7 Incoming telegrams and letters; League of Nations documents, 1936-1938


Box 243 Folder 8 Articles on the Sino-Japanese conflict (3), April 1933



Box 248 Folder 4 League of Coloured People on Anglo-Italian Pact; Women's International League for Peace and Freedom on Foreign troops from Spain, May 1938


Box 248 Folder 5 Incoming letters, 1937-1939


Box 248 Folder 6 Incoming correspondence and agenda of League of Nations conference at Geneva, in Chinese, 1936



Box 231 Folder 7 Map and tour guide book of Tours, France, 1939


Box 231 Folder 8 Diplomatic cards to the League of Nations, 1939


Box 231 Folder 8 Carte de circulation and Carte de societaire, 1937-1940


Box 231 Folder 8 Covenant of the League of Nations, 1933


Box 231 Folder 9 Correspondence about the League of Nations, 1939



Box 229 Folder 1 Summary of a discussion relative to the formulation of a foreign policy for the immediate future (T.V. Soong 宋子文, W.W. Yen 郭泰祺, T.C. Quo 郭泰祺 & Koo), June 30, 1933


Box 229 Folder 2 Memoranda on press and postal communication in China, with notes, circa 1930s


Box 229 Folder 3 Japanese delegate Matsuoka's statement on Manchuria at the League of Nations and Koo's comments, 1932-1933


Box 229 Folder 4 H.H. Kung's visit to Paris, June 1937


Box 229 Folder 5 Letters about Wang Jingwei, 1939


Box 229 Folder 6 Far Eastern Survey; Far Eastern Economic & Commercial Journal (遠東經濟商業雜誌), 1937-1939


Box 229 Folder 8 League documents: report of the committee appointed to study the composition of the council; frontier between Tanganyika and Mozambique; Permanent Court of International Justice; events in Albania, 1936-1939


Box 229 Folder 9 Election for the Judge to the Permanent Court of International Justice, 1939


Box 229 Folder 10 Opium question, 1940

Include a map of Jehol



Box 255 Folder 16 Telegram on Japanese attacks and article on publicity, 1938


Box 255 Folder 17 Problem of transferred child and child trafficking, 1938


Box 255 Folder 18 Sixteenth ordinary session of the Assembly of the League of Nations (Plenary meeting record 18-26); Memoranda of the seventeenth ordinary session and twentieth ordinary session, 1936, 1939



Box 256 Folder 4 World Calendar Association; World Jewish Congress, 1936-1937


Box 256 Folder 5 Conference for the reduction and limitation of armaments (World Disarmament Conference), 1933


Box 256 Folder 6 Japanese attacks in China, August-September 1937


Box 256 Folder 8 Application of the principles of the Covenant (League reform), 1936-1938


Box 256 Folder 9 League of Nations 97th Conference report in Chinese, circa 1937



Box Flat 292 Folder 1 Letter from Shanghai Medical organizations (上海國醫學會等機構) to Koo at the Nine Power Treaty Conference, November 20, 1937



Box Flat 293 Folder 3 Lines completed and under construction since 1927, 1935

Include map of railways