Rare Book & Manuscript Library

Mary Klachko papers, 1852-1995

Summary Information

At a Glance

Call No.: MS#0717
Bib ID 4079762 View CLIO record
Creator(s) Klachko, Mary
Title Mary Klachko papers, 1852-1995
Physical Description 22 linear feet (42 document boxes)
Language(s) English .

This collection is located off-site. You will need to request this material at least three business days in advance to use the collection in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room.

This collection has no restrictions.



This collection is arranged into 2 series.



Correspondence, manuscripts, documents, memoranda, notes, reports, photographs and printed materials. The Klachko papers are almost entirely made up of her research notes for her biography of Admiral Benson. The material covers all aspects of his life, including his early naval career, his tenure as Chief of Naval Operations, and his Chairing of the U.S. Shipping Board. The catalogued correspondence are mainly replies to Klachkos̀ appeal for information about Benson, the naval and political milieu of earely 20th century, and help to publish, review and edit her growing manuscript. Among the catalogued correspondence are: Norman Angell, Walter Lippmann, Edward House, and Eleanor Roosevelt. The catalogued manuscript is Klachkos̀ bio of Benson bound in 5 parts. It is interesting to note that her final manuscript draft is 1038 pages whereas the published biography merely numbers 268 pages. The rest of the collection is comprised of photos of Benson and other important naval and political figures of the time, and Klachkos̀ extensive research notes.

Using the Collection

Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Restrictions on Access

This collection is located off-site. You will need to request this material at least three business days in advance to use the collection in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room.

This collection has no restrictions.

Terms Governing Use and Reproduction

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. The RBML maintains ownership of the physical material only. Copyright remains with the creator and his/her heirs. The responsibility to secure copyright permission rests with the patron.

Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Mary Klachko papers; Box and Folder; Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.

Reproduction Note

Over 70% of the collection consists of: Type of reproduction--photocopies

About the Finding Aid / Processing Information

Columbia University Libraries, Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Processing Information

Entered 03/10/1992.

Revision Description

2010-02-16 Legacy finding aid created from Pro Cite.

2019-05-20 EAD was imported spring 2019 as part of the ArchivesSpace Phase II migration.

Subject Headings

The subject headings listed below are found in this collection. Links below allow searches at Columbia University through the Archival Collections Portal and through CLIO, the catalog for Columbia University Libraries, as well as ArchiveGRID, a catalog that allows users to search the holdings of multiple research libraries and archives.

All links open new windows.


Heading "CUL Archives:"
"CUL Collections:"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
Biographies (literary works) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Memorandums Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Photocopies Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Photographs Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Reports Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID


Heading "CUL Archives:"
"CUL Collections:"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
Angell, Norman, 1874-1967 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Balfour, Arthur James, 1848-1930 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Benson, William Shepherd, 1855-1932 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Biography Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Bracken, Brendan, 1901-1958 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Burke, Arleigh A., 1901-1996 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Chatfield, Ernie Montacute Chatfield, 1st Baron, 1878-1967 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Daniels, Josephus, 1862-1948 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Davis, John W (John William), 1873-1955 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Eller, Ernest M., 1903-1992 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Geddes, Isabella Gamble, Lady Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Great Britain. Royal Navy Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Historians Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Hoover, Herbert, 1874-1964 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
House, Edward Mandell, 1858-1938 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Killearn, Miles Lampson, Baron, 1880-1964 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Lippmann, Walter, 1889-1974 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Merchant marine -- United States Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Naval history Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Oliver, Henry Francis, Sir Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Pratt, William Veazie, 1869-1957 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Roosevelt, Eleanor, 1884-1962 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Shotwell, James T., 1874-1965 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Willert, Arthur, Sir, 1882-1973 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Wiseman, William, Sir, 1885- Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Woodward, E. L (Ernest Llewellyn), 1890-1971 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
World War, 1914-1918 -- Naval operations Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID

History / Biographical Note

Biographical / Historical

Naval historian. Mary Klachko is the author of a number of histories of naval affairs. Among them is the important biography of William Benson, entitled, ADMIRAL WILLIAM SHEPHERD BENSON: FIRST CHIEF OF NAVAL OPERATIONS. This work is the only authoritative and exhaustive account of Bensons̀ life and contribution to American naval success during WW1. As first Chief of Naval Operations, it largely fell upon Benson to prepare the navy for entry into the Firt World War. Klachko's extensive notes go far beyond a mere descriptive account of Benson's life and offer an insightful perspective into British and American naval policy and competition during the first three decades of the 20th century.