Rare Book & Manuscript Library

Mary Klachko papers, 1852-1995

Summary Information

At a Glance

Call No.: MS#0717
Bib ID 4079762 View CLIO record
Creator(s) Klachko, Mary
Title Mary Klachko papers, 1852-1995
Physical Description 22 linear feet (44 document boxes)
Language(s) English .
Access You will need to make an appointment in advance to use this collection material in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room. You can schedule an appointment once you've submitted your request through your Special Collections Research Account.

This collection is located off-site. You will need to request this material at least three business days in advance to use the collection in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room.

This collection has no restrictions.



This collection is arranged into 2 series.



Correspondence, manuscripts, documents, memoranda, notes, reports, photographs and printed materials. The Klachko papers are almost entirely made up of her research notes for her biography of Admiral Benson. The material covers all aspects of his life, including his early naval career, his tenure as Chief of Naval Operations, and his Chairing of the U.S. Shipping Board. The catalogued correspondence are mainly replies to Klachkos̀ appeal for information about Benson, the naval and political milieu of early 20th century, and help to publish, review and edit her growing manuscript. Among the catalogued correspondence are: Norman Angell, Walter Lippmann, Edward House, and Eleanor Roosevelt. The catalogued manuscript is Klachkos̀ bio of Benson bound in 5 parts. It is interesting to note that her final manuscript draft is 1038 pages whereas the published biography merely numbers 268 pages. The rest of the collection is comprised of photos of Benson and other important naval and political figures of the time, and Klachkos̀ extensive research notes.

Using the Collection

Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Restrictions on Access

You will need to make an appointment in advance to use this collection material in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room. You can schedule an appointment once you've submitted your request through your Special Collections Research Account.

This collection is located off-site. You will need to request this material at least three business days in advance to use the collection in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room.

This collection has no restrictions.

Terms Governing Use and Reproduction

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. The RBML maintains ownership of the physical material only. Copyright remains with the creator and his/her heirs. The responsibility to secure copyright permission rests with the patron.

Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Mary Klachko papers; Box and Folder; Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.


Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. Contact rbml@columbia.edu for more information.

Reproduction Note

Over 70% of the collection consists of: Type of reproduction--photocopies

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Date of acquisition--10/16/1991. Accession number--M-91-10-16.

Gift of Mary Klachko, 1989, 1997.

About the Finding Aid / Processing Information

Columbia University Libraries, Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Processing Information

Entered 03/10/1992. Processed by John McWinney, 1990.

Revision Description

2010-02-16 Legacy finding aid created from Pro Cite.

2019-05-20 EAD was imported spring 2019 as part of the ArchivesSpace Phase II migration.

Subject Headings

The subject headings listed below are found in this collection. Links below allow searches at Columbia University through the Archival Collections Portal and through CLIO, the catalog for Columbia University Libraries, as well as ArchiveGRID, a catalog that allows users to search the holdings of multiple research libraries and archives.

All links open new windows.


Heading "CUL Archives:"
"CUL Collections:"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
Biographies (literary works) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Memorandums Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Photocopies Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Photographs Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Reports Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID


Heading "CUL Archives:"
"CUL Collections:"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
Angell, Norman, 1874-1967 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Balfour, Arthur James, 1848-1930 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Benson, William Shepherd, 1855-1932 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Biography Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Bracken, Brendan, 1901-1958 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Burke, Arleigh A., 1901-1996 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Chatfield, Alfred Ernle Montacute Chatfield, 1st Baron Chatfield, 1873-1967 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Daniels, Josephus, 1862-1948 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Davis, John W (John William), 1873-1955 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Eller, Ernest M., 1903-1992 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Geddes, Isabella Gamble, Lady Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Great Britain. Royal Navy Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Historians Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Hoover, Herbert, 1874-1964 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
House, Edward Mandell, 1858-1938 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Killearn, Miles Lampson, Baron, 1880-1964 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Lippmann, Walter, 1889-1974 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Merchant marine -- United States Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Naval history Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Oliver, Henry Francis, Sir Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Pratt, William Veazie, 1869-1957 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Roosevelt, Eleanor, 1884-1962 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Shotwell, James T., 1874-1965 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Willert, Arthur, Sir, 1882-1973 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Wiseman, William, Sir, 1885- Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Woodward, E. L (Ernest Llewellyn), 1890-1971 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
World War, 1914-1918 -- Naval operations Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID

History / Biographical Note

Biographical / Historical

Naval historian. Mary Klachko is the author of a number of histories of naval affairs. Among them is the important biography of William Benson, entitled, ADMIRAL WILLIAM SHEPHERD BENSON: FIRST CHIEF OF NAVAL OPERATIONS. This work is the only authoritative and exhaustive account of Bensons̀ life and contribution to American naval success during WW1. As first Chief of Naval Operations, it largely fell upon Benson to prepare the navy for entry into the Firt World War. Klachko's extensive notes go far beyond a mere descriptive account of Benson's life and offer an insightful perspective into British and American naval policy and competition during the first three decades of the 20th century.

External users and Columbia affiliates may view materials on-site at RBML. Due to COVID-19 restrictions, only Columbia affiliates may view materials on-site at Avery, Starr, and Burke. After clicking 'Submit Request', users will login with their UNI and password (Columbia affiliates) or their special collections account (external users). Appointments are required and will be arranged according to each individual repository's policy.

Series I: Catalogued Series

Subseries I.1: Correspondence

Box 1 Angell, (Sir) Norman

Box 1 Bracken, Brendan Rendall, Viscount

Box 1 Burke, Arleigh Albert

Box 1 Chatfield, Alfred Ernle Montacute Chatfield, 1st Baron Chatfield, 1873-1967

Box 1 Clinton, Bill

Box 1 Eller, Ernest McNeill

Box 1 Geddes, (Lady) Isabella Gamble

Box 1 Hoover, Herbert Clark

Box 1 House, Edward

Box 1 Killearn, Miles Wedderburn, Baron

Box 1 Lippmann, Walter

Box 1 Oliver, (Sir) Henry Francis

Box 1 Pratt, William V.

Box 1 Roosevelt, Eleanor (Mrs. Franklin D.)

Box 1 Shotwell, James T.

Box 1 Willert, (Sir) Arthur

Box 1 Wiseman, (Sir) William

Box 1 Woodward, (Sir) (Ernest) Llewellyn

Subseries I.2: Manuscripts

Box 1 Admiral William Shepherd Benson: First Chief of Naval Operations: Parts 1 and 11

Box 2 Admiral William Shepherd Benson: First Chief of Naval Operations: Parts lll and lV

Box 3 Admiral William Shepherd Benson: First Chief of Naval Operations

Subseries I.3: Photographs

Box 3 Bush, George

Series II: Arranged Series

Subseries II.1: Correspondence

Box 7 Akademiya Nauk, USSR.

Box 4 Allard, Dean C.

Box 4 Albion, R.G.

Box 4 American Embassy - London

Box 4 Atkinsin, James

Box 4 Balfour Papers

Box 4 Baruch, Bernard M.

Box 4 Benson, Admiral F. W.

Box 4 Benson, H. W.

Box 5 Benson, Commodore Howard H. J. Benson, June 10, 1955 - 1973, 5 folders

Box 5 Benson Biography - Opinion of Readers

Box 5 Bilbie, W.C.

Box 5 Bradford, James C.

Box 5 Braisted, William R.

Box 6 Bremmer, I.A.D.

Box 6 British Admiralty

Box 6 British Foreign Office

Box 6 British Humor

Box 6 British Museum

Box 6 British Navy Staff

Box 6 Brooks, Rosemary

Box 6 Broome, D.M.

Box 6 Browning Papers

Box 6 Canadian Information

Box 6 Carnegie Papers

Box 6 Cavalcante, Bernard

Box 6 Churchill, Winston

Box 6 Columbia University Library. Special Collections

Box 6 Columbia University Press

Box 6 Costello, Daniel

Box 6 Custer, Ben Scott

Box 6 Daniels, Jonathan

Box 6 Dartmouth House

Box 6 Davidson, John Wells

Box 6 Department of Navy - Naval Historical Center

Box 6 Department of State

Box 6 Donald, David

Box 6 Doyle, Sandy

Box 6 Eldridge, Dan

Box 6 Elibank, Arthur (Lord)

Box 6 Eller, Admiral E. M.

Box 7 Ellis, John Tracy

Box 7 Encyclopedia of World War I

Box 7 Federal Archives and Record Center

Box 7 Fitzhardings, L.F.

Box 7 French Archives

Box 7 Fox, William

Box 7 Galway, E.

Box 7 Gateswood, Richard Duncan

Box 7 Gill, Rowland P.

Box 7 Grayson Papers

Box 7 Hankey Papers/Pollen Papers

Box 7 Harbough, William H.

Box 7 Harvard University

Box 7 Hayes, Barbara

Box 7 Hazard, John N.

Box 7 Heinl, R.D.

Box 7 Heyes, Clair

Box 7 Hone, Thomas

Box 7 Hooper Edwin B.

Box 7 Hoover, Herbert

Box 7A Hughes Papers

Box 7A Ingersoll, Rogall C.

Box 7A Jackson, Richard H.

Box 7A John, Harry

Box 7A Johnston, A.C.

Box 7A Kane, John R.H.

Box 7A Kaspi, Andre

Box 7A Kemp, P. K.

Box 7A Kerneck, Sterling

Box 7A King-Hall, (Sir) Stephen

Box 7A Klachko, Mary Letter of introduction by various people.

Box 7A Krafft, Mrs. H. F.

Box 7A Kraft, Mary B.

Box 7A Landau, Helmor

Box 7A Lewis, Michael A.

Box 7A Library of Congress

Box 7A Lloyd George Papers

Box 7A Longworth, Alice R.

Box 7A MacDonald, J. Kenneth

Box 7A MacInnes, J.

Box 7A Marder, A.

Box 7A Maywood, J.S.

Box 7A Milne, Taylor

Box 7A Ministry of Defence

Box 7B Miscellaneous letters from friends of Mary Klachko

Box 7B Mogenburg, Harm H.

Box 7B Morison, Elting E.

Box 7B Morrison, Jim

Box 7B Mouton & Co.

Box 7B Murrow, Edward R.

Box 7B National Archives

Box 7B Naval Historical Foundation

Box 7B Naval Institute Press

Box 7B Naval War College

Box 7B Navy League

Box 7B O'Connor, Cardinal

Box 7B Opperman, Herbert

Box 7B Parsons, Edward

Box 7B Philadelphia Navy Yard

Box 7B Princeton University

Box 7B Private collections

Box 7B Reynolds, P.A.

Box 7B Roskill, S.W.

Box 7B Roosevelt Library, Hyde Park

Box 7B Royal Military College of Canada

Box 7B Russell & Arnholy

Box 7B Sawada, Toshio

Box 7B Seymour, Charles

Box 7B Sears, J.W.

Box 7B Shiels, Margaret

Box 7B Singwell, John E.

Box 7C Sims Papers

Box 7C Stade, Dorothy

Box 7C Stanford University Library

Box 7C Steed, Wickham

Box 7C Steed, Violet Mason (Mrs. Wickham)

Box 7C Still, William N., Jr.

Box 7C Stuart, (Sir) Cambell

Box 7C Takeuchi, Tatsuji

Box 7C Townshend, Heather

Box 7C Train, Harold

Box 7C Trask, Daniel

Box 7C Trost, Admiral C.A.H.

Box 7C Wehmueller, Jackie

Box 7C U.S.S.R. Academy of Sciences

Box 7C United States Naval Institute

Box 7C Wheeler, Gerald E.

Box 7C Henry White Papers

Box 7C Willert, Arthur

Box 7C Williams, Michael

Subseries II.2: Manuscripts

Box 8 William Shepherd Benson: First Chief of Naval Operations


Subseries II.3: Research Notes

Box 9 American Fighting Naval Ships - Benson: Naval Exam Board Records, Folders I-3

Box 10 Benson: Naval Exam Board Records - Hearings, 1920, Folders 4- 5

Box 11 Merchant Marine - Undated American and English Papers

Box 12 Illustrations (photocopies and repro's of photographs, some used in Benson's biography)

Box 13 Research notes, 1852 - 1908

Box 14 Research notes, 1909 - July 1914

Box 15 Research notes, August 1914 - June 1914

Box 16 Research notes, July 1915 - February 1916

Box 17 Research notes, March 1916 - November 1916

Box 18 Research notes, December 1916 - March 31, 1917

Box 19 Research notes, April 1917 - May 31, 1917

Box 20 Research notes, June 1917 - July 8, 1917

Box 21 Research notes, July 9, 1917 - August 30, 1917

Box 22 Research notes, September 1917 - October 19, 1917

Box 23 Research notes, October 20, 1917 - November 30, 1917

Box 24 Research notes, December 1917 - February 1918

Box 25 Research notes, March 1918 - May 1918

Box 26 Research notes, June 1918 - August 31, 1918

Box 27 Research notes, September 1918 - October 31, 1918

Box 28 Research notes, November 1918 - December 10, 1918

Box 29 Research notes, December 11, 1918 - December, 31, 1918

Box 30 Research notes, January 1 - 31, 1919

Box 31 Research notes, February - March 20, 1919

Box 32 Research notes, March 21 - April 30, 1919

Box 33 Research notes, May - July 10, 1919

Box 34 Research notes, July 11 - October 1919

Box 35 Research notes, November 1919 - February 1920

Box 36 Research notes, March - July 1920

Box 37 Research notes, August 1920 - April 1921

Box 38 Research notes, May - November 1921

Box 39 Research notes, December 1921 - 1924

Box 40 Research notes, 1924 - 1967

Subseries II.4: Manuscripts

Box 41 Klachko, Mary Address at American Historical Associaltion and American Military Institute

Box 41 Klachko, Mary Anglo-American Naval Relations Cooperation or Competition?

Box 41 Klachko, Mary Dissertation outline and adstract

Subseries II.5: Topical Files

Box 41 Admirals of the New Navy: Makers of American Naval Traditions, 1886-'93

Box 41 British Humour

Box 41 Burke, Admiral Arleigh Obituaries

Box 41 Columbia University Mementos

Box 41 Biographical Notes re. Mary Klachko

Box 41 Mary Klachko's organizational membership

Box 41 Photocopies of articles which mention Mary Klachko

Box 42 Photographs and Clippings