Columbia University Archives

Department of Anthropology Records, 1930-1985

Series I: Research, 1930-1979

This series contains correspondence, reports and newspaper clippings relating to research projects conducted by graduate students and faculty of the Department of Anthropology.

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Subseries I.1: Council for Research in the Social Sciences, 1930-1962

This series contains records related to research projects conducted by graduate students and faculty that were funded by the Columbia Council for Research in the Social Sciences (CRSS). These files are arranged by project number and title for ease of access. Correspondence includes that between Ruth Benedict and CRSS administrator Thomas Hayden on the dispersal of funds, progress reports, publications, and other research project issues. The files contain research proposals and subsequent progress reports. Material includes routine correspondence regarding expenditures, salaries, appointments and fieldwork arrangements. Research data is not significant in these records.

Graduate research training in Ecological Anthropology, or "Human Ecology" was funded by the Research Training Grants branch of the National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS). The principal investigator was Prof. Andrew P. Vayda. The bulk of these files contain appointments, grant proposals, and fund applications.

Box 1 Folder 1 Project 2: Heredity and Environment, 1936-1938

Box 1 Folder 2 Project 19: Research in Anthropology, ca., 1940

Box 1 Folder 3 Project 26: Racial and Social Differences in Mental Ability, 1936

Box 1 Folder 4 Project 35: Acculturation, 1930-1938

Box 1 Folder 5 Project 39: Religion and Culture in Mexico, 1930-1936, 1953, 1930-1936, 1953

Box 1 Folder 6 Project 46: Research in New Guinea, 1930-1937

Box 1 Folder 7 Project 47: Approaches to History, ca., 1930

Box 1 Folder 8 Project 86: Social Isolation, 26, March 1936

Box 1 Folder 9 Project 87: Negro Studies in Haiti, 12, October 1937

Box 1 Folder 10 Project 89: Research on Aging and Heredity of Life Span, 1938

Box 1 Folder 11 Project 103: Caribbean Negro Studies, 12, October 1937

Box 1 Folder 12 Project 126: South American Ethnology, 1939 undated, 1939, undated

Box 1 Folder 13 Project 140: Current Culture in the Grand Chaco, ca., 1940

Box 1 Folder 14 Project 143: Family life in Pueblo of Zuni, undated

Box 1 Folder 15 Project 218: Afro-Caribbean Pidgins, 1950-1952

Box 1 Folder 16 Project 228L Language Variance and Divergence, 1951-1952

Box 1 Folder 17 Project 256: American-Indian Ethnolinguistics, 1953

Box 1 Folder 18 Project 264: Archeological Excavation of Zuni Pueblo, 1953-1954

Box 1 Folder 19 Project 272: Linguistic Acculturation in Nigeria, 1952-1962

Box 1 Folder 20 Assorted Projects, 1936-1940

Box 1 Folder 21 Assorted Projects, 1947-1958 undated, 1947-1958, undated

Subseries I.2: Fieldwork and expeditions, 1931-1979

This series contains correspondence, reports and newspaper clippings documenting field schools and expeditions not funded by the CRSS. Material documenting a particular research project or expedition was removed from the general chronological "current expedition" file and labeled accordingly. The records document relations between the Anthropology Department and the Department of the Interior for both archeological and ethnographic field work.

Of note are newspaper clippings, telegrams, and letters documenting the death of student Henrietta Schmerler, murdered by 22 year-old Max Seymour, while conducting field research at an Apache reservation in Arizona. Correspondence includes telegrams, reports, and letters between Frank D. Fackenthal, Secretary of Columbia College, William Donner, Superintendent at the Whiteriver [Fort Apache] Indian Agency, U.S. Department of the Interior, and Professor Boas. Newspaper clippings and letters report the incident, along with editorials directed at the field of ethnography, the Anthropology Department, and Columbia University. Also included are letters authored by Henrietta Schmerler during her field work to both Franz Boas and others.

The archeological investigation of the Borough of Brooklyn was undertaken by the Department of Anthropology and funded by the National Parks Service. According to the contract, "funds were appropriated to the Service by Interior Department Appropriation Act of 1957 for the purpose of carrying out the provisions of Public Law 214, 84th Congress (69 Stat. 445) relative to the conduct of an historical and archeological investigation of the burial site of 256 Maryland soldiers who fell in combat during the Battle of Brooklyn on the 27th day of August, 1776…"

Expeditions and other projects not identified as CRSS-sponsored may still have some relation, such as the funding for Arabic language training for Kepler Lewis. He led an ethnological study group in Lebanon which was part of a larger "Middle East Research Project." Professor Joseph H. Greenberg was the faculty advisor to the project.

Photographs accompany field notes for the excavation of the MacHaffie site, Folsom culture.

Box 1 Folder 22 Schmerler (Henrietta) murder, correspondence, 4 July 1931-18, January 1932

Box 1 Folder 23 Schmerler (Henrietta) murder, clippings, 15 July-1, August 1931

Box 1 Folder 24 Archeology field school – Point of Pines, Arizona, 1947

Box 1 Folder 25 Bahia, Brazil Project, 1949-1953

Box 1 Folder 26 MacHaffie site, Montana (Folson culture), 1951

Box 1 Folder 27 Middle East Research Project, 1949-1953 undated, 1949-1953, undated

Box 1 Folder 28 National Park Service Battle of Brooklyn archeological investigation project, 1952, 1956-1957, 1952, 1956-1957

Box 1 Folder 29 Lipkind, William – Caraja field materials, 1979

Box 1 Folder 30 Assorted expeditions, 1937-1954

Subseries I.3: National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS), 1966-1973

Graduate research training in Ecological Anthropology, or "Human Ecology" was funded by the Research Training Grants branch of the National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS). The principal investigator was Prof. Andrew P. Vayda. The bulk of these files contain appointments, grant proposals, and fund applications.

Box 1 Folder 31 Research Training grants, 1966-1973

Box 1 Folder 32 Trainee Appointments, 1968-1973

Box 1 Folder 33 Research Supplementary funds, 1968-1969

Box 1 Folder 34 Research supplementary proposal (Minda Brown),1968

Box 1 Folder 35 Research renewal application, 1970

Box 1 Folder 36 Research continuation proposal, three year, 1970

Box 1 Folder 37 Research continuation proposal, four year, 1970-1971

Subseries I.4: Publication, 1931-1972

contains articles and miscellaneous manuscripts relating to departmental contributions in Anthropological literature. An annotated manuscript, along with a carbon copy, titled "Notes on Child Development at San Ildefonso," by William and Marjorie W. Whitman is included and may be a draft of their work, The Pueblo Indians of San Ildefonso, a changing culture, New York, Columbia University Press, 1947.

Box 1 Folder 38 Columbia University Press: Archeological Studies in Peru (Strong, Willey, and Corbett), 1949, 1956-1957, 1949, 1956-1957

Box 1 Folder 39 Columbia University Press: Cultural Stratigraphy in the Viru Valley, Northern Peru, (Strong and Evans), 1949-1954 undated, 1949-1954, undated

Box 1 Folder 40 Columbia University Presss: Early Ancon and Early Supe Culture (Willey and Corbett), 1951, 1954-1955, 1951, 1954-1955

Box 1 Folder 41 Contributions to Anthropology, 1931-1939, 1972, 1931-1939, 1972

Box 1 Folder 42 Contributions to Anthropology, 1942-1947

Box 1 Folder 43 Contributions to Anthropology, 1948-1953 undated, 1948-1953, undated

Box 1 Folder 44 Krickberg, W., translation by Ruth Stout, 1935

Box 1 Folder 45 Publication Problems, 1951-1956 undated, 1951-1956, undated

Box 1 Folder 46 Program for the department of Anthropology, 1954

Box 1 Folder 47 Greenberg, Joseph H. – African Linguistics, 1950-51

Box 1 Folder 48 Spaulding, Albert manuscript – Arzberger Site, South Dakota, 1954-1955

Box 1 Folder 49 Steward, Julian H. manuscript, "Area Studies", undated

Box 1 Folder 50 Unidentified manuscript – American Indian cultures, undated

Box 1 Folder 51 Whitman, William and Marjorie manuscript, 1947 undated, 1947, undated

Subseries I.5: General A-Z, 1933-1976

This series contains correspondence and reports relating to research not described by the previous subseries.

Box 2 Folder 1 Benedict, Ruth – lecture notes, 1947-1948 undated, 1947-1948, undated

Box 2 Folder 2 Boas, Franz – Linguistic Society of America

Box 2 Folder 3 Council for Research in the Humanities, 1933-1936

Box 2 Folder 4 East Harlem Research Project (Foresight Family Health Study), 1955 undated, 1955, undated

Box 2 Folder 5 Harris, Marvin – Indo-American fellowship program, 1976

Box 2 Folder 6 Mead, Margaret – Russian, Soviet study, 1948-1950

Box 2 Folder 7 Rorshach tests, n.d

Box 2 Folder 8 Study of man in the tropics, 1957-1958