Rare Book & Manuscript Library
 

Department of Anthropology Records, 1930-1985

Summary Information

Abstract

Documenting the operations of the Anthropology Department, these records reflect administrative and instructional or research functions of the department.

At a Glance

Call No.: UA#0018
Bib ID 5045485 View CLIO record
Creator(s) Columbia University. Department of Anthropology ; Arensberg, Conrad M (Conrad Maynadier), 1910-1997 ; Boas, Franz, 1858-1942 ; Benedict, Ruth, 1887-1948 ; Fried, Morton H (Morton Herbert), 1923-1986 ; Greenberg, Joseph H (Joseph Harold), 1915-2001 ; Holloway, Ralph L ; Murphy, Robert F (Robert Francis), 1924-1990 ; Skinner, Elliott P (Elliott Percival), 1924-2007 ; Solecki, Ralph S ; Wagley, Charles, 1913-
Title Department of Anthropology Records, 1930-1985
Physical Description 3.42 linear feet (3.42 linear feet 3 record cartons 1 document box)
Language(s) English .
Access

Personnel and student records are restricted for 75 years after the date of its creation.

This collection is located off-site. You will need to request this material at least three business days in advance to use the collection in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room.

Arrangement

Arrangement

Arranged in two series Series I: Research, 1930-1973 Subseries I.1. Council for Research in the Social Sciences, 1930-1962; Subseries I.2. Fieldwork and Expeditions, 1931-1979; Subseries I.3. National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS), 1966-1973; Subseries I.4. Publication, 1931-1972; Subseries I.5. General A-Z, 1933-1976; Series II: Administrative, 1931-1985 Subseries II.1. Personnel , 1944-1985; Subseries II.2. Budget, 1931-1976; Subseries II.3. Executive Officers and Chairmen, 1936-1974; Subseries II.4. Students, 1947-1979; Subseries II.5. General A-Z, 1938-1980

Description

Summary

Correspondence, financial reports, budgets, newspaper clippings, contracts, personnel records, flyers, supply orders and receipts, and other material document the operations of the Anthropology Department. Research projects conducted by graduate students and faculty and funded by the Columbia Council for Research in the Social Sciences (CRSS) contain research proposals and progress reports. Material includes routine correspondence regarding expenditures and dispersement of funds, salaries, appointments, fieldwork arrangments, progress reports, publications, and other research project issues. Prof. Benedict headed the project "Acculturation" and Prof. Franz Boas headed: "Race and Heredity." Correspondence for chairmen Charles Wagley, Joseph H. Greenberg, Conrad M. Arensberg, Morton H. Fried, Robert F. Murphy, Elliott P. Skinner, Ralph S. Solecki, and Ralph L. Holloway documents the Department during the 1960s-1980s, including the student strike in 1968 and the Department's participation in the subsequent restructuring of the University's governance.

  • Series I: Research

    This series contains correspondence, reports and newspaper clippings relating to research projects conducted by graduate students and faculty of the Department of Anthropology.

  • Series II: Administration

    This series contains budgets, correspondence, reports and appointment records relating to the administration of the Department of Anthropolgy.

Using the Collection

Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Restrictions on Access

Personnel and student records are restricted for 75 years after the date of its creation.

This collection is located off-site. You will need to request this material at least three business days in advance to use the collection in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room.

Terms Governing Use and Reproduction

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. The RBML maintains ownership of the physical material only. Copyright remains with the creator and his/her heirs. The responsibility to secure copyright permission rests with the patron.

Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Department of Anthropology Records; Box and Folder; University Archives, Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University in the City of New York.

Selected Related Material-- at Columbia

Central Files, 1890-1971

Within the Central Files, refer to files on Ruth Benedict and Franz Boas.

Council for Research in the Humanities Records, 1926-1968

Council for Research in the Humanities Records, 1926-1968

Columbia University Archives Historical Biographical Files (see the Ruth Benedict and Franz Boas files).

Franz Boas Papers, ca. 1858-1942, American Philosophical Society Library, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Margaret Mead papers and South Pacific, Ethnographic Archives, 1838-1996 (bulk 1911-1978), Library of Congress Manuscript Division, Washington, D.C.

Franz Boas Field notebooks and physical anthropological data, 1889-1897, undated, Northwestern University Library, Chicago, Illinois.

Accrual

No additions are expected

About the Finding Aid / Processing Information

Columbia University Libraries, Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Processing Information

Records processed Jennifer Ulrich 12/--/2004.

Finding aid written Jennifer Ulrich 2004.

Finding aid reformatted Evan Roth (SEAS 2010) 09/--/2008.

Finding aid edited Jocelyn Wilk 07/--/2010.

Revision Description

2010-07-13 xml document instance created by Carrie Hintz

2019-05-20 EAD was imported spring 2019 as part of the ArchivesSpace Phase II migration.

Subject Headings

The subject headings listed below are found in this collection. Links below allow searches at Columbia University through the Archival Collections Portal and through CLIO, the catalog for Columbia University Libraries, as well as ArchiveGRID, a catalog that allows users to search the holdings of multiple research libraries and archives.

All links open new windows.

Genre/Form

Heading "CUL Archives:"
"Portal"
"CUL Collections:"
"CLIO"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
"ArchivedGRID"
Budgets Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Reports Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID

Subject

Heading "CUL Archives:"
"Portal"
"CUL Collections:"
"CLIO"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
"ArchivedGRID"
Anthropology -- Study and teaching Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Columbia University -- : Student strike, 1968 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Columbia University -- : Students Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Columbia University. Faculty Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Ethnology -- Study and teaching Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Human ecology -- Study and teaching Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID

History / Biographical Note

Biographical / Historical

The Department of Anthropology at Columbia University was established in 1902 as part of the Faculty of Philosophy, under the direction of Professor Franz Boas. At the time of its establishment, the department was also staffed by Livingston Farrand as Adjunct Professor and Joseph Hershey Bair as Assistant. Courses offered in 1902 included Anthropology, General Introductory Course, Ethnography of America, Ethnography of the Pacific Islands and of Africa, The Statistical Study of Variation, introductory and advanced course, Ethnology-Primitive Culture, Physical Anthropology, and American Languages and Research Work in Physical Anthropology, Ethnology, and North American Languages. Courses in anthropology were first offered in 1896 by the Department of Philosophy and Education, then called Philosophy, Psychology, and Education. Courses were consolidated under one department in 1897 in the Faculty of Philosophy with Livingston Farrand as Instructor and Franz Boas as Lecturer. The following year, the Department of Philosophy and Education was staffed by James Cattell and Boas, later changing its name to the Division of Philosophy, Psychology and Anthropology.

A renowned anthropology scholar and professor, Franz Boas was trained in Germany, immigrated to the United States in 1888, taught at Clark University, and was curator at the American Museum of Natural History. He was first appointed as lecturer in physical anthropology at Columbia in 1896. Boas attracted many students to the program during his tenure, advancing the department as a leader in the field. Students of Boas included Ruth Benedict and Margaret Mead. Benedict, Associate Professor of Anthropology, eventually served as Executive Officer for the Department.

The Department conducted several projects funded by Columbia's Council for Research in the Social Sciences (CRSS), a multidisciplinary organization that promoted social science research at Columbia University. Professor Benedict headed Project no. 35: "Acculturation" Professor Franz Boas headed Project no. 19: "Race and Heredity" and Federico De Onis and Ruth Bunzel contributed to project no. 39. "Religion and Culture in Mexico." Established in 1925, Columbia's CRSS was modeled after the national council founded two years earlier, in 1923.

Although the field of archaeology is often found within departments of anthropology at other colleges and universities (and some archaeological expedition records are found in this collection), these courses are currently offered by the Department of Art History and Archaeology at Columbia University. Relevant courses may be found in other departments as well, reflecting the field's multidisciplinary nature. Classical archaeology courses were first offered by the Department of Greek and Latin in 1890. Prior to the founding of the Department of Fine Arts and Archaeology in 1934, courses on ancient art and architecture were offered in the School of Architecture - a department established in 1881as part of School of Mines and housed in that school until 1902.