Rare Book & Manuscript Library

Stephen Crane papers, 1895-1908

Summary Information

At a Glance

Call No.: Ms Coll\Crane, S,MS#0305
Bib ID 4078666 View CLIO record
Creator(s) Crane, Stephen, 1871-1900
Title Stephen Crane papers, 1895-1908
Physical Description 9 linear feet (21 boxes)
Language(s) English .
Access You will need to make an appointment in advance to use this collection material in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room. You can schedule an appointment once you've submitted your request through your Special Collections Research Account.

This collection is located on-site.

This collection has no restrictions.



This collection is arranged into 10 series.



Letters addressed to the Cranes from various members of the Crane and Howorth families, and from prominent literary figures such as Joseph Conrad, Henry James, H.G. Wells, George Bernard Shaw, Hamlin Garland, Elbert Hubbard, and Rider Haggard. A number of these letters relate to Cora Crane's activities after Stephen Crane's death, but the majority have to do with life at Brede Place in Sussex. Also present are a number of holograph manuscripts of Stephen Crane's literary works and manuscripts and typescripts of other material which he dictated. There is a group of stories and articles by Cora Crane, some pictures, photographs, art, and memorabilia. Also, seventy-four books from Crane's library, many of them signed.

Using the Collection

Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Restrictions on Access

You will need to make an appointment in advance to use this collection material in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room. You can schedule an appointment once you've submitted your request through your Special Collections Research Account.

This collection is located on-site.

This collection has no restrictions.

Terms Governing Use and Reproduction

Readers must use microfilm of materials specified above.

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. The RBML maintains ownership of the physical material only. Copyright remains with the creator and his/her heirs. The responsibility to secure copyright permission rests with the patron.

Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Stephen Crane papers; Box and Folder; Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.


Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. Contact rbml@columbia.edu for more information.

Alternate Form Available

Boxes 1-9 (except for Crane cataloged documents), 12, and 20 are on: microfilm. 6 reels.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Method of acquisition--Purchase; Date of acquisition--1952. Accession number--M-52.

About the Finding Aid / Processing Information

Columbia University Libraries, Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Processing Information

Cataloged Christina Hilton Fenn 06/--/89.

Processed by various staff members: HR; BRC; KL, etc.

Revision Description

2010-01-21 Legacy finding aid created from Pro Cite.

2019-05-20 EAD was imported spring 2019 as part of the ArchivesSpace Phase II migration.

Subject Headings

The subject headings listed below are found in this collection. Links below allow searches at Columbia University through the Archival Collections Portal and through CLIO, the catalog for Columbia University Libraries, as well as ArchiveGRID, a catalog that allows users to search the holdings of multiple research libraries and archives.

All links open new windows.


Heading "CUL Archives:"
"CUL Collections:"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
Articles Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Autographs (manuscripts) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Manuscripts (documents) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Notebooks Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Photographic prints Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Pictures (object genre) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Poems Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID


Heading "CUL Archives:"
"CUL Collections:"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
American literature -- 20th century Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Authors, American Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Conrad, Joseph, 1857-1924 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Crane, Cora, 1865 or 1866-1910 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Garland, Hamlin, 1860-1940 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Haggard, H. Rider (Henry Rider), 1856-1925 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Hubbard, Elbert, 1856-1915 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
James, Henry, 1843-1916 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Shaw, Bernard, 1856-1950 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Wells, H. G. (Herbert George), 1866-1946 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Women authors Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID

History / Biographical Note

Biographical / Historical

Stephen Crane was born in Newark, New Jersey on 1 November 1871. He attended Syracuse University for one semester and then began work as a freelance reporter in the slums of New York City. Maggie a Girl of the Streets 1893 grew out of this experience. Crane is best known for his realistic novel The Red Badge of Courage 1895 detailing the experiences of a soldier during the Civil War. During the Spanish-American War 1898 Crane served as a correspondent. In 1897 he moved to England and met fellow writers Joseph Conrad and Henry James. Crane died of tuberculosis on 5 June 1900 which he caught accompanying an expedition from the United States to Cuba.

External users and Columbia affiliates may view materials on-site at RBML. Due to COVID-19 restrictions, only Columbia affiliates may view materials on-site at Avery, Starr, and Burke. After clicking 'Submit Request', users will login with their UNI and password (Columbia affiliates) or their special collections account (external users). Appointments are required and will be arranged according to each individual repository's policy.

Series I: Cataloged Material

Subseries I.1: Correspondence

Boxes 1-9 (except for Crane cataloged documents), 12, and 20 are on microfilm

Box 1 Original catalog of the collection. Description of the collection

Adams, Geoffrey Charlton

Adams, Samuel Hopkins

Adelme, Edith I.

Alexander, Eben

Allen, P. H. (for Simon Brentano)

Anderson, Mary, Countess de Navarro

Appleton, Daniel

Appleton, D & Co.

Avery, Van B.

Aylward, Eleanor S.

Babcock, Emma W.

Bacheller, Irving

Bacheller & Johnson Syndicate

Baldwin, Robert S.

Bancroft, Samuel Jr.

Bangs, John Kendrick

Barr, Mabel (Mrs. Mark Barr)

Barr, Mark

Barr, Robert

Barron, Oswald

Barrows, Samuel J.

Barry, John

Bass, Abba

Bass, John

Belasco, David

Beveridge, David

Bierce, Ambrose

Bigelow, Edith

Bigelow, Poultney

Bleyer, Julius

Block, Rudolph

Bok, Edward W

Bowen, Ethel

Bowen, F. A.

Bowen, Frederick L.

Bowen, Helen

Bowen, Millicent

Boyce, Neith

Boyd, Nathan E.

Brabazon, H. B.

Bray, Florence

Brooke, Emma

Brooke, Mary E.

Brookfield, A. M.

Brookfield, Olive

Bross, E. C.

Brown, Caroline L. (Mrs. Curtis Brown)

Brown, Curtis

Brown, Samuel

Brown, Shipley & Co.

Bullen, Mrs. A.

Burke, Lily

Box 2 Caine, Sir Thomas Henry Hall

Campbell, W. W.

Carman, Bliss

Carter, J. R.

Chamberlin, J. E.

Chase, R. Allen

Choate, Joseph H.

Churchill, Lady Randolph

Clarke, William

Cochrane, Henry Clay

Cockran, Mr.

Colwell, J. C.

Colwell, Sarah Brant

Combe, Amy

Conrad, Jessie

Conrad, Joseph

Conrad, Joseph and Jessie

Cowlishaw, W. H.

Crane, Aunt Abbie

Crane, Beatrice (Mrs. Jeffree)

Crane, Cora

Crane, E. B.

Crane, George P.

Crane, Helen

Crane, Mamie

Crane, Mary Frances (Mrs. Walter)

Crane, R. Newton

Crane, Stephen

Crane, Walter and Mary Frances

Crane, William

Cranshaw, Mary

Creelman, Alice B.

Croly, Jane Cunningham

Curtis, Cyrus H. K.

Cushing, Marshall

Box 3 Dargan, Pegram

Davidson, John Russell

Davis, Richard Harding

Davis, Walter J.

Deats, H. E.

De Friese, Katherine

De Friese, Lafayette Hoyt

Dilke, Sir Charles Wentworth

Dudley, Winfield W.

Dunn, J. Nichol

Dunn, John

Dunne, F. P.

Dunston, Thomas W.

Edwards, E. J.

Edwards, William Croswell

Elliott, Captain G. F.

Everett, Captain H. J.

Fay, May Tifft (Mrs. Arthur Fay)

Fiedler, Ernst

Field, W. H.

Field-King, Julia

Fisher, W. J.

Flower, Clement

Floyd, Robert Mitchell

Follet, W. Morris

Forbes-Bentley, Florence

Forbes-Robinson, Sir J.

Ford, A. G.

Ford, Ford Madox See: Hueffer, Ford Madox

Forman, Kate Lyon "Frederic"

Fraenkel, Dr. Albert

Frankau, Frank Danby

Frankau, Julia (Mrs. F. D.)

Fraser, Mrs. Helen Mary

Fraser, John Foster

Frederic, Harold

Frewen, Clara

Frewen, Moreton

Frewer, Cyril C.

Frewer, Rev. G. Ernest

Frewer, L. C.

Friedman, Carl A.

Fritot, Alphonse W.

Fuller, Samuel Richard

Galloway, Tod B.

Garland, Hamlin

Garmeson, J.

Garnett, Edward

Garrison, Wendell P.

Gilder, Joseph B.

Gill, Margaret

Gillette, William

Gissing, George

Godkin, E. L.

Goetz, Phillip B.

Goode, W. A. M.

Goodman, Richard, Jr.

Grady, Thomas F.

Griffin, Mrs. C. L.

Guiney, Louise Imogene

Box 4 Haggard, Sir Henry Rider

Haggard, Marianna Louisa Margitson (Mrs. H. Ryder Haggard)

Hale, Edward Everett, Jr.

Hale, Phillip L.

Halsey, Francis W.

Hamilton, James

Hanauer, A. M.

Hanson, P. (for George Wyndham)

Harriman, Karl Edwin

Harris, Frank

Harte, Walter Blackburn

Harvard Lampoon, Literary Editor

Hasbrook, C. E.

Hawkins, Willis B.

Hay, Helen

Hayes, Mr.

Hearst, William Randolph

Henkels, Stan V.

Harringshaw, Thomas W.

Hewett, G. C.

Hilliard, John N.

Hind, Lewis

Hitchcock, Ripley

Hofer, E.

Holder, Mary (Aunt)

Hollister, F. M.

Horner, R. J. & Co.

Howard, Walter

Howell, Ethel

Howells, William Dean

Huardel, P. G. & Co.

Hubbard, Elbert

Hubbell, Mark T.

Hueffer, Ford Madox

Humphrey, George P.

Hurst, Florence

Hurst, Hal

Huxton, H. R.

Incorp. Soc. for Psychical Research

Jackson, Frederick A.

James, Henry

Jewett, Sarah Orne

Johnson, R. U.

Jordan, Marcia B.

Jorissen, E.

Kanai Kodak Klub

Kett, Laura B. Temple

Kipling, Rudyard

Knapp, Adeline

Kropotkin, Princess Sophie

Leathers, J. W.

Leighton, Byron

Lewis, E. St. Elmo

Liefeld, E. Theo.

Little, Charles J.

Lord, Chester A.

Love, Edith Maclure

Lucas, Arthur

Lynch, George

Lynch, Mary

MacArthur, J.

McCarthy, Charlotte

McCarthy, Justin Huntly

McCawley, Major Charles L.

McClure, W.?

McClure, Robert

McGrath, Ellen M.

McIntosh, Burr William

Maclaglen, Dr. J. T.

McPhelim, E. J.

McQuilkin, Mr.

Mabie, Hamilton W.

Major, George MacDonald

Mallet, A.

Manchester, Consuelo, Duchess of

Marriot, M. Grace

Marriot-Watson, H. B.

Marshall, J. D.

Martin, Edward S.

Mason, A. E. W.

Mattis, L.

Methuen & Co.

Meyer, Otto A.

Michelson, Charles

Milner, A.

Moore, F. Frankfort

Morgan, J. Pierpont, Sr.

Morris, George P.

Morris, Lizzie

Myers, Prof. J. W.

Nicholson, Meredith

Noguchi, Yone

Northern Newspaper Syndicate

Norton, Charles E.

Osborne, W. W.

Box 5 Palli, J. L.

Parke, Clara Cahill

Parker, Judge Alton B.

Parkin, Thomas

Parrish, Kate B.

Pawling, Sydney

Pease, Edward R.

Pease, Mrs. Marjory

Peck, J. K.

Peeke, Rachel G.

Perris, G. H.

Philson, Emma

Pinero, Arthur Wing

Pinero, Myra Emily Wood (Mrs. Arthur Wing Pinero)

Pinker, James B.

Plant, Alfred T.

Plant, Henry T.

Porter, A. M.

Porter, Antoinette

Porter, Linn Boyd

Prang, L.


Ptolemeon, Antoneon

Pugh, Edwing

Putnam, G. H.

Putnam, Herbert

Ralli, Marietta Antoniou Theodorou (Mrs. Stephen Ralli)

Reeve, James Knapp

Remington, Frederic

Reynolds, Paul R.

Rhodes, Harrison G.

Richards, Grant

Richie, Edith

Richie, Ford

Richie, Mary

Riding, William H.

Robins, Elizabeth

Roche & Son

Rogers, Sherman S.

Rooney, John

Roosevelt, Theodore

Ruddy, H. S.

Russell, Dick

Russell, Ernest E.

Box 6 Schuyler, William

Scott-Stokes, Ethel

Scott-Stokes, John

Shaw, George Bernard

Shaw, George K.

Shepard, Fred J.

Sherman, Frank Dempster

Simpson, James W.

Skinner, Charles M.

Sladen, Douglas

Smalley, Frank

Smith, Mrs. E. B. Dugald

Smith, F. Hopkinson

Society of American Women in London

Somerset, H. Somers

Stedman, Srthur

Stewart, Major General Sir Norman, C. B.

Stokes, Frederick A., Co.

Stone, Herbert Stuart

Sutre, Alfred

Tallmadge & Tallmadge

Tauchnitz, Baron

Thomas, Brandon

Tilletson & Son

Trudeau, E. L.

Tuohy, James M.

Tyler, Moses Coit


Von Kahlden

Waldemar, Adrien

Walker, Elliot

Walther, Dr. Otto

Warner, Charles Dudley

Warner, E. T.

Warner, George Coffing

Wells, Catherine

Wells, George Herbert

Westminster Gazette

Wharton, George F.

Whibley, Charles

Whigham, J. A.

White, P.

Williams, Kathleen

White, James J. & Co.

Williams, S. M.

Williams, Talcott

Windust, Ernest

Winship, A. E.

Woolley, Charles Woodruff

Wrench?, I.

Wright, Louis

Wyndham, George

Young, James C.

Young, Wickham W.

Subseries I.2: Manuscripts and Documents

Box 7 Crane, Stephen. Prose, A-O

Box 8 Crane, Stephen. Prose, P-Z


Documents, n.d. & 30 April 1895 - 29 Dec.1899

Box 9 Crane, Cora. Manuscripts and documents.

Series II: Arranged Series

Subseries II.1: Documents

Box 10 Brown, Shipley & Co.

Bowen, Frederick L.

McCalla, Bowman Henry

McNiel, Hammond P.

Plant, A. T.

Scott-Stokes, John

Subseries II.2: Manuscripts

Conrad, Joseph

Koran., 15 century.

[one leaf in the Nask and Sulus style]

Linson, Corwin Knapp

Morse, Josephine

"Pike's Ms"

Walker, Elliot

Series III: Art

Crane, Helen (cataloged)

Crane, Mary Helen Peck (Crane's mother) 1. Painting on a wooden board showing a landscape of hills, lake and a man in a boat which closely resembles the sketch opposite p. 332 in "Wyoming" by george Peck entitled "Bidlack at Schickshinny.", 12.5 x 14.5 in.

[In mapcase 14/13/8]

Crane, Mary Helen Peck 2. Pastel still life of a white pitcher and fruit, 11 x 14 in.

Murray-Hamilton, Mary Helen Crane (Crane's oldest sister) 1. Painting of pineapples, unframed., 12 x 16 in.

Box 11 Crane Family. Photographs, 5 items.

Crane Family Photographs, 5 prints.

Crane, Stephen Photographs, 11 items.

Crane, Stephen and Cora Photograph, 1 item

Miscellaneous photographs relating to Cora Crane., 5 items

Henry James Photograph of Henry James (with doughnut).

James, Henry and Cora Crane Photograph of Henry James and Cora Crane.

Conrad, Borys and John Photograph of Joseph Conrad's children, Borys and John Conrad.

Photograph of Cora Crane's family and friends., 7 items

Crane, Cora. Photograph negative of beach scene.

Photographs of Key West, Fla., 2 items

Frederic, Barry and Heloise Photograph (picture postcard) of Barry and Heloise Frederic.

Hollenbeck, Jennie Photograph of Jennie Hollenbeck

Glynes, Mrs. (Ella) Dietz Photograph of Mrs. Dietz Glynes

Alexander, Eben Photograph of Eben Alexander

Photographs of Brede Place., 21 items

Crane, Cora Photographs of Cora Crane., 9 items

Budd, Ernest Photograph of Ernest Budd and friends.

C. Gouliclin Photograph of C. Gouliclin, Athens, [n.d.]

Thiers, Albert Gérard Photograph.

Photograph of New Jersey Conference Seminary

Photograph of Cora Crane postcards in the Jacksonville, Fla. Public Library.

Box 12 Cora Crane Greco-Turkish war clippings

Series IV: Printed Materials

Above all things

Active service

[Laminated in a board portfolio shelved in oversize 14/13/8]

Adventures of a novelist

Ambrose Bierce and Stephen Crane

At Asbury park


The chatter of a death-demon froma tree top

City urchin and the chaste villagers

Clippings about Crane., 15 items

A desertion

Free silver down in Mexico

Galveston, Texas in 1895

George's mother

God rest ye merry gentlemen

Great battles

[See: Pictures of a War]

His new mittins

I have heard the sunset song of the birches

In the tenderloin

Kipling on Wounds in the Rain

The little regiment


The man from Duluth

Mardi Gras festival

Mexico. Newspaper article

New York's bicycle speedway

New York police episode. Clippings concerning this incident

The open boat

Pictures of a war

Poetry. Reviews and notices., 5 items

Red badge of courage. Reviews., 9 items.

Roof gardens and gardeners of New York

Roof gardens, New York

The second generation

Sign of the lantern club

Six years afloat

A souvenir and a medley

The squire's madness

This majestic lie

Two uncollected articles

You tell me this is God?

The veteran

War vignettes. A run to Cuba.

When men stumble

Whilomville stories

Whilomville stories. Reviews.

Works. General discussion of, in periodicals.

The wreck of the new era

Scarf, J. Thomas War correspondents of, 1860-1865

Series V: Memorabilia

Box 13 Crane, Cora: "Rose picked at 'Bride Place' (from one that I planted in 1899"); envelope; passenger list; Bazaar announcement., 1 folder

Buttons, handles., 9 items. 1 folder

Cards of introduction., 1 folder

Society of American Women in London, 4 items. 1 folder

Howorth, George: The Restoration of Oil Painting. Boston, 1859.

Pamphlet by Cora Crane's father, autographed by Cora

Crane, Stephen: Advertisements for Wounds in the Rain., 3 items. 1 folder

The Black Riders. Announcements and catalogues of Copeland and Day, publishers. Boston, 1895., 1 folder

Burlesques of Stephen Crane., 1 folder

The Ghost. program of the play., 3 copies. 1 folder

Crane, Stephen and Cora Crane Clippings (miscellaneous)., 1 folder

Crane, Stephen Clippings relating to Crane's death, posthumous works, etc., 1 folder

Memorabilia: napkin holder; lottery tickets; rail ticket; ticket; Mexican National Athletic Club membership ticket; Modern Novel Club programs for 1898-1899; ad. for Wounds in the Rain; photo. of bust; D. Appleton and Co. ad.; United States Marine Corps letter re. Crane; restaurant menu.

Handkerchief in envelope., 1 folder

"Commodore" wreck clippings., 1 folder

Obituaries and biographical material

Newspaper biographies.

Series VI: Miscellaneous Printed Material

City of Boston Document No. 120, 1873., 1 folder

Society of the Philistines Souvenir menu of dinner in honor of Crane, (3 copies)

Society of the Philistines; Dinner invitation; reply to the Invitation by Crane; general invitation., (3 copies)

Box 14 Proofs of the Stephen Crane catalog and correspondence relating to the catalog.

Box 15 Stolper, Benjamin John Reeman Bibliographical notes on cards, 1 file box

Stolper, Benjamin John Reeman Clippings relating to Crane, 1 folder

Box 16 A brick from Stephen Crane's birthplace, 14 Mulberry Place, Newark, NJ

Series VII: Writings by and about Stephen and Cora Crane

Box 17 The War Dispatches of Stephen Crane; The Poems of Stephen Crane; Dark Rider; articles, reviews, etc.

Box 18 Writings by and about Stephen Crane continued

Box 19 Stolper, Benjamin John Reeman Stephen Crane correspondence: leads, 1 folder

Series VIII: Cataloged Correspondence re Stolper's bibliography of Craniana

Abbott, Willis J.

Adler, Elmer

Alvord, Thos. G., Sr.

Anderson, Harold M.

Beamish, Richard J.

Blythe, Samuel G.

Bohnenberger, Carl

Brisbane, Arthur

Caddle, B. B.

Clark, Barrett H.

Crane, G. Archer

Crone, F. W.

Curran, Henry H.

Downey, Fairfax

Fish, Helen Dean

Gavin, John H.

Green, Francis Harvey

Harper & Brothers

Heflin, Wilson L.

Herzberg, Max

Hicks, Granville

Hoffman, Dr. M. David

Hughes, J. Winifred

Hughes, Rupert

Huyke, Juan B.

Klasen, J. H.

Knopf, Alfred A.

Koischwitz, Otto

Lielker, Minna J.

Linson, Corwin K.

Longstreet, E. S.

Lyman, R. H.

MacAlarney, Robert Emmet

McCardell, Roy L.

McCready, E. W.

March, Alden

Meriweather, W. S.

Michelson, Charles

North, J. M., Jr.

Phillips, John S.

Pew, Marlen E.

Peck, George L.

Pittenger, George W.

Rogge, E. P.

Russell, Charles Edward

Seibold, Louis

Seitz, Don C.

Shinn, Everett

Sloan, John

Smith, E. L.

Smith, Ernest G.

Stallman, R. W.

Starrett, Vincent

Stechert, G. E. & Co.

Steffens, Lincoln

Stolper, B. J. R.

Vila, Joe

Walton, Perry

Webb, J. H.

White, Jesse D.

Willis, W. A.

Winterich, John T.

Young, Nathan

Series IX: Stone, Wilbur Macy

A collection of letters to Stone relating to his reprint of a Stephen Crane publication in The Bookman:

Dreher, Monroe F.

Garrett, S.

Herzberg, Max J.

Mangione, Jerre G.

Molyneaux, Peter

Van Dyne, Catherine

Series X: Scrapbooks

Box 20 "Literary Scraps", 1 volume

[Clippings re. Crane.]

"The University Herald" Vol XVIII, No., 1, Sept. 1889 - Vol. XIX, No. 9, June 1891.

"The University Herald" Vol. XXI, No. 1, Oct. 1892 - Vol XXIII, No. 10, July 1895.

Box 21 Scrapbook of printed stories by Crane

[Lacking rear cover, damaged by water]

Scrapbook of stories and articles by Crane

[Both boards and spine detached, in fragile condition]

Photograph albums, 2 volumes

[In fragile condition]