Burke Library at Union Theological Seminary
 

Missionary Research Library collection on higher education institutions in China, 1857 -- 1957

Summary Information

Abstract

This collection contains materials compiled by the Missionary Research Library on a variety of missionary higher education projects in China, including Christian Missionary education. Materials include publications, reports, clippings, correspondence, minutes, surveys, and book lists.

At a Glance

Bib ID 8516204 View CLIO record
Creator(s) Missionary Research Library (New York, N.Y.)
Title Missionary Research Library collection on higher education institutions in China, 1857 -- 1957
Physical Description 0.5 linear feet (0.5 linear feet; 1 box)
Language(s) English , Chinese .
Access

This collection is open for research.

Onsite storage.

Arrangement

Arrangement

This collection is arranged in one alphabetical series.

Description

Scope and Contents

This collection contains materials compiled by the Missionary Research Library on a variety of missionary higher education projects in China, including Christian Missionary education. Materials include publications, reports, clippings, correspondence, minutes, surveys, and book lists.

Burke Library record group:

Missionary Research Library Archives: MRL6, China

Using the Collection

Burke Library at Union Theological Seminary

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Onsite storage.

Conditions Governing Use

Some material in this collection may be protected by copyright and other rights. Information concerning copyright, fair use, and reproduction requests can be consulted at Columbia's Copyright Advisory Office.

Preferred Citation

Item description, MRL6: Missionary Research Library collection on higher education institutions in China, 1857-1957, box #, folder #, The Burke Library at Union Theological Seminary, Columbia University in the City of New York.

Related Materials

MRL6: National Christian Council of China Records, 1919 – 1950, The Burke Library at Union Theological Seminary, Columbia University in the City of New York.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

This collection was assembled from records in the Missionary Research Library before its 1976 closure. These records were accessioned by the Burke Library at the time of the MRL's closure in 1976. The papers in folder 10 were donated by the China Institute in America, founded in 1923 in New York City.

About the Finding Aid / Processing Information

Columbia University Libraries, Burke Library at Union Theological Seminary

Processing Information

The contents of this collection have been retained as a specialist subject area source as established by MRL. Some papers will be seen to be marked as originating from other MRL collections. Metal clips and staples were removed from materials and folded items were flattened. Materials were placed in new acid-free folders and boxes. Acidic items were separated from one another by interleaving with acid-free paper as needed. Any items in an advanced state of deterioration were placed in Mylar envelopes. The finding aid was created by Gregory Adam Scott in 2009, reviewed and updated by Sarah Davis in 2014 with the support of the Henry Luce Foundation, and edited by Leah Edelman in 2022.

Revision Description

2022-01-31 PDF converted to EAD and description updated by Leah Edelman.

Subject Headings

The subject headings listed below are found in this collection. Links below allow searches at Columbia University through the Archival Collections Portal and through CLIO, the catalog for Columbia University Libraries, as well as ArchiveGRID, a catalog that allows users to search the holdings of multiple research libraries and archives.

All links open new windows.

Subject

Heading "CUL Archives:"
"Portal"
"CUL Collections:"
"CLIO"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
"ArchivedGRID"
Christian education -- China Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Missions -- Educational work -- China Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID

History / Biographical Note

Biographical / Historical

The Missionary Research Library was created by John R. Mott in 1914 after the World Missionary Conference, held in Edinburgh, Scotland in 1910. It was created in order to be both a resource for missionaries, and a means to document the missionary movement. With funding from John D. Rockefeller, Mott stated, "We are now ready to…secure the most complete and serviceable missionary library and archives in the world. I desire it to be thoroughly interdenominational, ecumenical and international. It should be made preeminently rich in source material." It was located at the Madison Avenue headquarters of the Foreign Missionary Conference of North America. By the 1920s, funding was becoming scarce; therefore it was moved to the Brown Tower of the Union Theological Seminary, New York City in 1929. The Library was an important center of information and research. Active missionaries would consult the material of the Missionary Research Library while on furlough. Much of the Library's success was due to the director and librarian, Charles H. Fahs. Upon his retirement in 1948, the MRL's financial difficulties continued until it was integrated with the Burke Library's collections in 1976. In 2004, the Burke Library was fully integrated with the Columbia University Library system.

T.C. Chao, 1888 - 1979: Chao studied at Vanderbilt University and promoted an indigenous Chinese Christianity. United Board for Christian Colleges in China: Formed in 1945, by 1950 it had incorporated nearly every Christian higher education institution in China. After 1950, while prevented from operating within the People's Republic of China, it remained active in other Asian countries. Yale-in-China / Nurse-in-China: The Yale-in-China association was incorporated in 1934, and they established a college first in Changsha 長沙, Hunan province 湖南 and later in Wuhan 武漢, Hubei province 湖北. The Nurse-in-China program was centered on Xiangya Hospital 湘亞in Changsha. China Christian Educational Association: Organized in 1890, this association met once every three years to discuss education in China, and in 1912 organized an advisory council consisting of delegates from associated groups. Y.C. Yang (Yang Yongqing), 1892 - 1956: Yang studied at Soochow University (東吳大學) in China and George Washington University in the U.S. National Christian Conference of China: Held in Shanghai in May of 1922, with Myfanwy Wood, 1882-1967, Y.C. Cheng (Cheng Yingyi) and Edwin C. Lobenstine as chairpersons. The conference created the National Christian Council of China to continue the work of the China Continuation Committee. Bailey Willis, 1857 - 1949: A geological engineer and university lecturer, he led an expedition to China in 1904-1905, the findings of which were published in 1907 as Research in China, and he conducted a field study in East Asia in 1937. John Mott, 1865 - 1955: Mott was the chair of the 1910 World Missionary Conference in Edinburgh, Scotland. He was a leader of the World Student Christian Federation and received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1948. China Continuation Committee: This committee was formed in 1913 in Shanghai to connect the Edinburgh Committee (a legacy of the 1910 World Missionary Conference), mission boards in the West and missionaries in China. In 1922 the committee dissolved as the National Christian Council was formed and took over its mission.

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Missionary Research Library collection on higher education institutions in China, 1857 -- 1957

This series is open for research.

0.5 linear feet; 0.5 linear feet; 1 box

This series contains materials on a variety of missionary higher education projects in China, including Christian Missionary education. Materials include publications, reports, clippings, correspondence, minutes, surveys, and book lists.

This series is arranged alphabetically.



Box 1 Folder 1 Administration of Education in West China Questionnaire, 1922


Box 1 Folder 2 American Efforts to Supply Book Needs of Chinese Universities, by Joy Hume, 1940


Box 1 Folder 3 Application of Woman's Medical College Report, 1925


Box 1 Folder 4 Article from The Life, 1922-03


Box 1 Folder 5 Articles on Education in China, 1940; "Four Thousand Years of Education in China and Japan", circa 1940


Box 1 Folder 6 China Christian Educational Association: Conference Report; Study Group on Hopei [Hebei] Province Findings , 1933 -- 1945


Box 1 Folder 7 China Christian Educational Association, Council on Higher Education: Minutes, Reports, Correspondence, 1925 -- 1948


Box 1 Folder 8 China Christian Educational Association - Book List of Theological Literature, circa 1930 -- 1939


Box 1 Folder 9 Chinese Education Clipping, 1922


Box 1 Folder 10 Christian Medical Council for Overseas Work: Regulations and Fellowships for Chinese Doctors in U.S., 1951 -- 1954


Box 1 Folder 11 Communism and Christian Higher Education in China, circa 1942 -- 1950


Box 1 Folder 12 Correlated Program for Christian Higher Education in China, 1928


Box 1 Folder 13 Correspondence of John Mott and John F. Goucher re Continuation Committee and Committee on Education, 1910 -- 1916


Box 1 Folder 14 Correspondence of Bailey Willis; Public Libraries for China , 1857 -- 1949


Box 1 Folder 15 East China Christian Colleges and Universities, East China Educational Union, Meeting Notes and Minutes, 1925 -- 1926


Box 1 Folder 16 Larger and Farther Opportunity of Christian Higher Education in China, Summary of Remarks by Y.C. Yang, circa 1900 -- 1957


Box 1 Folder 17 Meeting Minutes/Proposals for the Permanent Committee for the Coordination and Promotion of Christian Higher Education in China, 1925 -- 1928


Box 1 Folder 18 Memorandum on Literature for Mission Field, mimeograph, 1914


Box 1 Folder 19 Messages from China National Christian Conference, 1922


Box 1 Folder 20 National Committee for Christian Religious Education in China (NCCRE), Minutes and Pamphlet, 1931 -- 1936


Box 1 Folder 21 Permanent Committee for Coordination and Promotion of Christian Higher Education in China: Minutes, 1925 -- 1948


Box 1 Folder 22 Religion Situation in China by T.C. Chao, 1931


Box 1 Folder 23 Tainan Theological College Requests for Grants; Frank T. Cartwright Correspondence, 1956 -- 1957


Box 1 Folder 24 United Board for Christian Colleges in China Missives, 1949


Box 1 Folder 25 Yale-in-China and Nurse-in-China (Hsiang-ya School of Nursing) Correspondence, 1941 -- 1945