Burke Library at Union Theological Seminary
 

Earl Herbert Cressy papers, 1918 -- 1960

Summary Information

Abstract

Earl Herbert Cressy was a missionary to China who worked with the Central China Famine Relief Committee and served as the executive secretary of the Council of Christian Colleges in China and as the associate general secretary of the National Christian Council of China. This collection contains reports and drafts, charts, tabulations, maps, surveys, summaries of data, and other materials related to Cressy's research on Chinese religious institutions, mostly in Hangzhou.

At a Glance

Bib ID 8428472 View CLIO record
Creator(s) Cressy, Earl Herbert, 1883-
Title Earl Herbert Cressy papers, 1918 -- 1960
Physical Description 8 linear feet (8 linear feet; 7 boxes)
Language(s) English .
Access

This collection contains some restricted material. Restrictions related to specific material are listed in the detailed contents list.

Onsite storage.

Arrangement

Arrangement

This collection is organized in one unarranged series.

Description

Scope and Contents

This collection contains reports and drafts, charts, tabulations, maps, surveys, summaries of data, and other materials related to Cressy's research on Chinese religious institutions, mostly in Hangzhou. He was assisted by a Chinese researcher who gathered information on hundreds of religious institutions in the region. Cressy's research put him into contact with contemporary Chinese religious organizations such as the Buddhist Right Faith Society (佛教正信會), the Wuchang Buddhist Seminary (武昌佛學院), the Hubei Confucian Society (湖北孔道會), and the Hankou Buddhist Society (漢口佛教會).

  • Earl Herbert Cressy papers, 1918 -- 1960

    This series contains reports and drafts, charts, tabulations, maps, surveys, summaries of data, and other materials related to Cressy's research on Chinese religious institutions, mostly in Hangzhou. He was assisted by a Chinese researcher who gathered information on hundreds of religious institutions in the region. Cressy's research put him into contact with contemporary Chinese religious organizations such as the Buddhist Right Faith Society (佛教正信會), the Wuchang Buddhist Seminary (武昌佛學院), the Hubei Confucian Society (湖北孔道會), and the Hankou Buddhist Society (漢口佛教會).

Burke Library record group:

Missionary Research Library Archives: MRL6, China

Using the Collection

Burke Library at Union Theological Seminary

Conditions Governing Access

This collection contains some restricted material. Restrictions related to specific material are listed in the detailed contents list.

Onsite storage.

Conditions Governing Use

Some material in this collection may be protected by copyright and other rights. Information concerning copyright, fair use, and reproduction requests can be consulted at Columbia's Copyright Advisory Office.

Preferred Citation

Item description, MRL6: Earl Herbert Cressy papers, box #, folder #, The Burke Library at Union Theological Seminary, Columbia University in the City of New York.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Formerly part of the independent Missionary Research Library (MRL), these records were accessioned by the Burke Library at the time of the MRL's closure in 1976.

About the Finding Aid / Processing Information

Columbia University Libraries, Burke Library at Union Theological Seminary

Processing Information

Metal clips and staples were removed from materials and folded items were flattened. Materials were placed in new acid-free folders. Acidic items were photocopied on to acid-free paper and the originals separated by interleaving with acid-free paper. Any items in an advanced state of deterioration were placed in Mylar envelopes. Oversized materials from boxes 2-4 were unfolded and moved to oversized boxes 5 and 6. A large woodblock print map from box 3, folder 4 was digitally imaged and moved to tube box 7. The collection was updated in 2014 as part of the Henry Luce Foundation Grant. Folders were placed in new acid-free boxes at this time. Where a Romanized Chinese term forms part of an original title, the older style of romanization has been preserved (e.g. Hangchow). Otherwise, in descriptive notes and terms translated from the original Chinese, the current standard pinyin system has been used (e.g. Hangzhou). The finding aid was created by Gregory Adam Scott in 2009, updated by Brigette C. Kamsler in 2014 with the support of the Henry Luce Foundation, and edited by Leah Edelman in 2022.

Revision Description

2022-03-16 PDF converted to EAD and description updated by Leah Edelman.

Subject Headings

The subject headings listed below are found in this collection. Links below allow searches at Columbia University through the Archival Collections Portal and through CLIO, the catalog for Columbia University Libraries, as well as ArchiveGRID, a catalog that allows users to search the holdings of multiple research libraries and archives.

All links open new windows.

Subject

Heading "CUL Archives:"
"Portal"
"CUL Collections:"
"CLIO"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
"ArchivedGRID"
Cressy, Earl Herbert, 1883- -- : Archives Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Missions -- China Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID

History / Biographical Note

Biographical / Historical

Earl Herbert Cressy was born in Lacon, Illinois on June 15, 1883. He graduated from the University of Minnesota in 1907 and Rochester Theological Seminary in 1910. That same year he traveled to Hanyang 漢陽 in China to work as a missionary under the auspices of the American Board of Foreign Missions. He worked with the Central China Famine Relief Committee in 1912 to solicit direct support for the needy, and from 1916 lived in Hangzhou, where he was principal of Wayland Academy. In 1925 he was the executive secretary of the Council of Christian Colleges in China, and associate general secretary of the National Christian Council of China. Cressy married Margaret Millie, [18??]-[195?] in 1927, and ultimately left China in 1946. In the 1950s he was involved with Christianity in Thailand. He later taught at the Kennedy School of Missions at Hartford, and was director of the Urban Church Research Center for Asia in Claremont, CA in the 1960s. He passed away in 1979. Cressy produced several books, including China Marches Toward the Cross (1938), Daughters of Changing Japan (1955) and Understanding China (1957).

External users and Columbia affiliates may view materials on-site at RBML. Due to COVID-19 restrictions, only Columbia affiliates may view materials on-site at Avery, Starr, and Burke. After clicking 'Submit Request', users will login with their UNI and password (Columbia affiliates) or their special collections account (external users). Appointments are required and will be arranged according to each individual repository's policy.


Earl Herbert Cressy papers, 1918 -- 1960

This series contains some restricted material. Restrictions related to specific material are listed in the detailed contents list.

8 linear feet; 8 linear feet; 7 boxes

This series contains reports and drafts, charts, tabulations, maps, surveys, summaries of data, and other materials related to Cressy's research on Chinese religious institutions, mostly in Hangzhou. He was assisted by a Chinese researcher who gathered information on hundreds of religious institutions in the region. Cressy's research put him into contact with contemporary Chinese religious organizations such as the Buddhist Right Faith Society (佛教正信會), the Wuchang Buddhist Seminary (武昌佛學院), the Hubei Confucian Society (湖北孔道會), and the Hankou Buddhist Society (漢口佛教會).

This series is unarranged.



Box 1 Folder 1 Chinese Religion and Culture: Research Notes, Translations, circa 1930 -- 1939


Box 1 Folder 2 Organization Law of Municipality, ms transl. by D. Shen, circa 1930 -- 1939


Box 1 Folder 3 History of Buddhism in China, Chapters 17-18, Draft, circa 1930 -- 1939


Box 1 Folder 4 Study of Indigenous Religions of China as a Background to Christian Missions by Cressy, Typewritten Draft, circa 1930 -- 1939


Box 1 Folder 5 Indigenous Religions of China - Appendix, circa 1930 -- 1939


Box 1 Folder 6-7 Religion in Hangchow, Typewritten Draft; Research Materials, circa 1930 -- 1939



Box 2 Folder 1 Study of Religious Institutions in Hangchow [SRIH]: Charts; Revised Illustrated Explanation of Districts, Neighborhoods, and Villages of Hangzhou City (杭州市改編 區坊閭鄰圖說), 1931


Box 2 Folder 2-3 SRIH: Draft Sections, 1931



Box 3 Folder 1-3 Buddhist Monasteries and Temples in Hankou Region: Research Schedules, 1931


Box 3 Folder 4 Buddhist Institutions in Hankou and Wuchang: Research Notes, Primary Source Materials in Chinese, Correspondence, 1931; Woodblock Map, circa 1920 -- 1949

CD Digital Image – Restricted original in Box 7


Box 3 Folder 5 Correspondence, 1931 -- 1935


Box 3 Folder 6 Buddhist Institutions in Hankou and Wuchang: Duplicated Research Materials from Y.D. Bao, List of Names from Qiantang County Gazetteer (錢塘縣志), circa 1930 -- 1939



Box 4 Folder 1 Study in History of Buddhism in Burma …Pagan period, by U Zaw Htun, Ph.D. thesis, Visva Bhavati University, 1954


Box 4 Folder 2-3 Who's Who in China, 1918 -- 1920


Box 4 Folder 4 Who's Who in China (Biographies of Chinese), 3 rd Ed. Supplement, circa 1928


Box 4 Folder 5-6 Japanese Buddhist Organizations: Pamphlets, Books, 1950 -- 1953


Box 4 Folder 7 Disentanglement of Church and State, by R.B. Silliman, 1959; Correspondence, circa 1950 -- 1959


Box 4 Folder 8 City Churches in East Asia, Studies 7 - 9, 1960



Box 5 OS Folder 1 Buddhistic Laws (lüzong): Ms Notes, English/Chinese, circa 1930 -- 1939


Box 5 OS Folder 2 Study of Religious Institutions in Hangchow [SRIH]: Survey Materials on Buddhist Monasteries, circa 1934

Fragile; handle with care.


Box 5 OS Folder 3 SRIH: Survey Materials on Temples, circa 1934

Fragile; handle with care.


Box 5 OS Folder 4 SRIH: Survey Materials on Nunneries, circa 1934

Fragile; handle with care.


Box 5 OS Folder 5 SRIH: Classification Chart of Buddhist Monasteries, circa 1934

Fragile; handle with care.


Box 5 OS Folder 6 SRIH: Classification Chart of Buddhist and Daoist Temples, circa 1934


Box 5 OS Folder 7-8 SRIH: Survey Materials on Buddhist and Daoist Temples, circa 1934


Box 5 OS Folder 9 SRIH: Monastery Chart: History, circa 1934



Box 6 OS Folder 1 Copies of Maps from Revised Illustrated Explanation of Districts Neighborhoods, and Villages of Hangzhou City (杭州市改編區坊閭鄰 圖說), circa 1930 -- 1939


Box 6 OS Folder 2 Population and District Chart of Hangzhou, 1930


Box 6 OS Folder 3 Manuscript Maps of Hangzhou City and Neighborhoods, circa 1930


Box 6 OS Folder 4 Maps of Hangzhou Region, circa 1930 -- 1939


Box 6 OS Folder 5 Map of West Lake, Hangzhou, circa 1930 -- 1939


Box 6 OS Folder 6 Japanese Buddhist Poster, 1952


Box 6 OS Folder 7 Understanding China, 1957



Box 7 OS (tube) Woodblock Print Map of Taishan, China, circa 1920 -- 1949

Restricted due to condition. Digital image available in Box 3.