Burke Library at Union Theological Seminary
 

Joseph Kingsbury Greene papers, 1857 -- 1917

Summary Information

Abstract

Joseph Kingsbury Greene was an American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions Congregational missionary in Turkey for fifty-one years, stationed in Nicodemia, Bursa, and Manisa. He was fluent in Armenian and Turkish languages. The collection contains Greene's diaries from 1859 through 1917, Greene's correspondence with members of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions and others, and Greene's handwritten English and Armenian dictionaries.

At a Glance

Bib ID 4492539 View CLIO record
Creator(s) Greene, Joseph Kingsbury, 1834-1917
Title Joseph Kingsbury Greene papers, 1857 -- 1917
Physical Description 5 linear feet (5 linear feet; 10 boxes)
Language(s) English , Armenian .
Access

This collection is open for research.

Onsite storage.

Arrangement

Arrangement

This collection is organized in three chronological series: Diaries, Correspondence, and Dictionary and sermons.

Description

Scope and Contents

This collection contains Greene's diaries from 1859 through 1917, which include day-to-day entries as well as sermons; Greene's correspondence with members of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions and others, as well as newspaper articles which Greene copied into the book in Armenian; and Greene's handwritten English and Armenian dictionaries.

  • Diaries, 1859 -- 1917

    This series contains Greene's original handwritten diaries, including day-to-day entries as well as sermons. While in Turkey, Greene commuted hundreds of miles from his home base to meet with teachers and other Christians in the area; these visits are recorded. Greene and his first wife experienced frequent sicknesses of malaria, and were granted leaves of absence in order to recover in Europe. Greene also traveled for conferences and to address other missionary aid societies. Each entry includes the location and date, and often the weather. Greene also comments on events happening throughout the world, including Abraham Lincoln's election in 1860.

  • Correspondence, 1859 -- 1872

    This series contains handwritten copies of correspondence sent to various people, including other members of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions. It also includes newspaper articles which Greene copied into the book and which are written in Armenian.

  • Dictionary and sermons, 1857 -- 1909

    This series contains Greene's original handwritten English and Armenian dictionaries. He started the dictionary in 1859 in Nicomedia, Turkey, when he started his missionary work. Greene also kept a separate book of Armenian words which he prepared as he began to learn the language.

Burke Library record group:

Missionary Research Library Archives: MRL2, Near/Middle East

Using the Collection

Burke Library at Union Theological Seminary

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Onsite storage.

Conditions Governing Use

Some material in this collection may be protected by copyright and other rights. Information concerning copyright, fair use, and reproduction requests can be consulted at Columbia's Copyright Advisory Office.

Preferred Citation

Item description, MRL 2: Joseph Kingsbury Greene papers, 1857-1917, series #, box #, folder #, The Burke Library at Union Theological Seminary, Columbia University in the City of New York.

Related Materials

MRL 12: American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions records, 1878-1958, The Burke Library at Union Theological Seminary, Columbia University in the City of New York.

About the Finding Aid / Processing Information

Columbia University Libraries, Burke Library at Union Theological Seminary

Processing Information

Diaries, letters, sermons, and dictionary were cataloged Lynn A. Grove on 1988-07-18. Metal staples were removed from materials and folded items were flattened. Materials were placed in new acid-free folders and boxes. Books were wrapped in acid-free unbuffered tissue and tied with cotton tying tape. The finding aid was created by Brigette Kamsler in 2011 with the support of the Henry Luce Foundation, and edited by Leah Edelman in 2021.

Revision Description

2013-06-25 XML instance document created by Brigette C. Kamsler.

2019-05-20 EAD was imported spring 2019 as part of the ArchivesSpace Phase II migration.

2021-02-09 EAD spot checked and corrected and description updated by Leah Edelman.

Subject Headings

The subject headings listed below are found in this collection. Links below allow searches at Columbia University through the Archival Collections Portal and through CLIO, the catalog for Columbia University Libraries, as well as ArchiveGRID, a catalog that allows users to search the holdings of multiple research libraries and archives.

All links open new windows.

Genre/Form

Heading "CUL Archives:"
"Portal"
"CUL Collections:"
"CLIO"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
"ArchivedGRID"
Diaries Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Sermons Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID

Subject

Heading "CUL Archives:"
"Portal"
"CUL Collections:"
"CLIO"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
"ArchivedGRID"
Armenian language -- Dictionaries -- English Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Congregational churches -- Missions Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
İzmit (Turkey) -- Religious life and customs Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Missionaries Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Missions -- Turkey -- İzmit Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID

History / Biographical Note

Biographical / Historical

Reverend Joseph Kingsbury Greene was born to David and Lyntha (Miller) Green on April 10, 1834 in Auburn, Maine. He attended and graduated from Bowdoin College in Brunswick, Maine in 1855. Greene became engaged to Elizabeth Augusta Davis, whom he wed in 1857 once she graduated from Mount Holyoke Seminary. Greene attended Union Theological Seminary and after graduation in 1858, was accepted by the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions and ordained in November. He was stationed for three years in Nicomedia, Turkey, arriving in March 1859. Greene quickly learned the Armenian alphabet and created a dictionary of English, Armenian, Turkish and Greek words. Greene was also stationed in Bursa in 1862 for six years, and after a furlough in 1868 in Minnesota, went to Manisa in June 1871. Greene was invited to Constantinople in 1862 to edit the ABCFM-published weekly religious paper, Avedaper, written in Armenian, Armeno-Turkish, and Greco-Turkish, and three illustrated monthly papers for children. The newspapers were strictly controlled by the Turkish government. Greene edited the papers for twelve years. He took a second furlough to Illinois in 1884, and received the Doctor of Divinity from Bowdoin at this time. Greene began his third missionary trip to Constantinople in 1886, and was stationed there for seven years. Elizabeth died in 1894, after which he took a third furlough the same year. Joseph married his second wife, missionary Mathilde Hermine Meyer, in September 1895, and they returned to Constantinople in November. Greene served until 1910, when he retired and returned to America. Joseph Kingsbury Greene died in Oberlin, Ohio on February 10, 1917.