Burke Library at Union Theological Seminary
 

China Information Committee records, 1937 -- 1939

Summary Information

Abstract

The China Information Committee 中國情報委員會 was established in late 1937 as part of the newly-formed Chinese Ministry of Information, an organ of the Chinese Nationalist Party (guomindang 國民黨), to produce propaganda for a foreign audience regarding the ongoing hostilities between China and Japan. The collection contains a series of propaganda news releases in English produced during the Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945), reports on the wartime Chinese economy, war crimes, refugees, and the gradual retreat and relocation of industries and offices to Chongqing in West China.

At a Glance

Bib ID 10737533 View CLIO record
Creator(s) Missionary Research Library (New York, N.Y.) ; China. Xing zheng yuan. Xin wen ju
Title China Information Committee records, 1937 -- 1939
Physical Description 1.25 linear feet (1.25 linear feet; 3 boxes)
Language(s) English .
Access

This collection is open for research.

Onsite storage.

Arrangement

Arrangement

This collection is organized in one series arranged roughly chronologically.

Description

Scope and Contents

This collection contains typescript news releases in English that were produced by the CIC from 1938. As the CIC was a propaganda office, the reports unerringly paint China's economic and military situations in a favorable light, while criticizing and undermining the Japanese war effort. Reports of Japanese war crimes and the plight of Chinese refugees dominate the pages, interspersed with addresses from Jiang Jieshi and Song Meiling (Madame Chiang Kai-shek). Stories involving missionaries and foreign countries also figure prominently. Also included are topical materials such as reports, original and copied correspondence, pamphlets, newspaper clippings, and bulletins that deal with Japanese war crimes, missionaries, China Information Service, and other efforts during the time frame. The titles of the folders are original.

  • China Information Committee records, 1937 -- 1939

    This series contains typescript news releases in English that were produced by the CIC from 1938. As the CIC was a propaganda office, the reports unerringly paint China's economic and military situations in a favorable light, while criticizing and undermining the Japanese war effort. Reports of Japanese war crimes and the plight of Chinese refugees dominate the pages, interspersed with addresses from Jiang Jieshi and Song Meiling (Madame Chiang Kai-shek). Stories involving missionaries and foreign countries also figure prominently. Also included are topical materials such as reports, original and copied correspondence, pamphlets, newspaper clippings, and bulletins that deal with Japanese war crimes, missionaries, China Information Service, and other efforts during the time frame. The titles of the folders are original.

Burke Library record group:

Missionary Research Library Archives: MRL6, China

Using the Collection

Burke Library at Union Theological Seminary

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Onsite storage.

Conditions Governing Use

Some material in this collection may be protected by copyright and other rights. Information concerning copyright, fair use, and reproduction requests can be consulted at Columbia's Copyright Advisory Office.

Preferred Citation

Item description, MRL 6: China Information Committee records, 1937-1939, box #, folder #, The Burke Library at Union Theological Seminary, Columbia University in the City of New York.

Related Materials

Records of the China Information Committee, 1941 (HR125), Special Collections, Yale Divinity School Library.

Custodial History

Several individual issues are lacking in the series, though the only wide gap in coverage appears at the very end of the collection, between nos. 309 and 359. The Burke Library periodicals collection has nos. 305 (Jan. 3, 1939) through 415 (May 13, 1939), also with a few individual issues lacking [CLIO entry]. The MRL Pamphlets collection at The Burke Library contains a few additional publications that were produced by the CIC. These can be traced through the Columbia University Libraries catalog.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Formerly part of the independent Missionary Research Library (MRL), these records were accessioned by the Burke Library at the time of the MRL's closure in 1976.

About the Finding Aid / Processing Information

Columbia University Libraries, Burke Library at Union Theological Seminary

Processing Information

Metal clips and staples were removed from materials and folded items were flattened. Materials were placed in new acid-free folders and boxes. As the contents were very fragile and acidic, the entire collection was photocopied on to acid-free paper. In 2014, the collection was updated as part of a grant funded by the Henry Luce Foundation. At this time, a number of records were added to the collection. As they were not included in the original collection, these records have been kept separate and are available in box 3. The finding aid was created by Gregory Adam Scott in 2010, updated by Brigette Kamsler in 2014 with the support of the Henry Luce Foundation, and edited by Leah Edelman in 2022.

Revision Description

2022-03-15 PDF converted to EAD and description updated by Leah Edelman.

Subject Headings

The subject headings listed below are found in this collection. Links below allow searches at Columbia University through the Archival Collections Portal and through CLIO, the catalog for Columbia University Libraries, as well as ArchiveGRID, a catalog that allows users to search the holdings of multiple research libraries and archives.

All links open new windows.

Subject

Heading "CUL Archives:"
"Portal"
"CUL Collections:"
"CLIO"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
"ArchivedGRID"
China Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
China. Xing zheng yuan. Xin wen ju Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Sino-Japanese War, 1937-1945 -- Propaganda -- Sources Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID

History / Biographical Note

Biographical / Historical

The China Information Committee 中國情報委員會 was established in late 1937 as part of the newly-formed Chinese Ministry of Information, an organ of the Chinese Nationalist Party (guomindang 國民黨). Its purpose was to produce propaganda for a foreign audience regarding the ongoing hostilities between China and Japan. The organization was directly controlled by Jiang Jieshi 蔣介石 (Chiang Kai-shek), the chairman of the Nationalist government. The main offices of the CIC were initially located in Shanghai, but with the outbreak of war with Japan they were moves first to Nanjing, then followed the government to Hankou 漢口, Changsha 長沙, and finally to Chongqing 重慶 in late 1938. It also had branch offices in Hong Kong, and in several foreign countries. The CIC was first supervised by Zeng Xubai 曾虛白 (Tseng Hsu-pai), 1895 - 1994, a graduate of St. John's University 聖約翰大學 in Shanghai 上海. From 1937 to 1945, the CIC published numerous pamphlets and books in English to publicize China's war with Japan and to attract the support of foreign nations. For a short time they operated a radio station, XTJ, in Hankou. Note that this committee is not to be confused with the New China Information Committee, which was a propaganda organ of the Chinese Communist Party (gongchandang 共產黨).