Burke Library at Union Theological Seminary
 

Oxford Group/Moral Re-Armament records, 1930 -- 1961

Summary Information

Abstract

The Oxford Group was the parent organization of Moral Re-Armament (MRA), an organization/movement that sought to defend the nation's freedoms through a resurgence of morality. The collection contains pamphlets, newspaper articles, advertisements, and other publications and materials related to the mission of the MRA, as well as press releases and statements made by MRA on the events happening in the world during the late 1950s.

At a Glance

Bib ID 10735343 View CLIO record
Creator(s) Moral Re-armament (Organization)
Title Oxford Group/Moral Re-Armament records, 1930 -- 1961
Physical Description 1.75 linear feet (1.75 linear feet; 4 boxes)
Language(s) English .
Access

This collection is open for research.

Onsite storage.

Arrangement

Arrangement

This collection is organized in one series arranged by format and then chronologically.

Description

Scope and Contents

This collection contains pamphlets, newspaper articles, advertisements, and other publications and materials related to the mission of the MRA, as well as press releases and statements made by MRA on the events happening in the world during the late 1950s.

  • Oxford Group/Moral Re-Armament records, 1930 -- 1961

    This series contains pamphlets, newspaper articles, advertisements, and other publications and materials related to the mission of the MRA, as well as press releases and statements made by MRA on the events happening in the world during the late 1950s.

Burke Library record group:

William Adams Brown Ecumenical Library Archives

Using the Collection

Burke Library at Union Theological Seminary

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Onsite storage.

Conditions Governing Use

Some material in this collection may be protected by copyright and other rights. Information concerning copyright, fair use, and reproduction requests can be consulted at Columbia's Copyright Advisory Office.

Preferred Citation

Item description, WAB: Oxford Group Moral Re-Armament records, 1930-1961, box #, folder #, The Burke Library at Union Theological Seminary, Columbia University in the City of New York.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

The exact provenance of this collection is unknown. The collection is part of the William Adams Brown Ecumenical Library Collection, which was founded in 1945 by the Union Theological Seminary Board of Directors.

About the Finding Aid / Processing Information

Columbia University Libraries, Burke Library at Union Theological Seminary

Processing Information

Folded items were flattened. Materials were placed in new acid-free folders and boxes. The finding aid was created by Sarah Davis and Brigette Kamsler in 2014 with the support of the Henry Luce Foundation, and edited by Leah Edelman in 2021.

Revision Description

2021-07-12 PDF converted to EAD and description updated by Leah Edelman.

Subject Headings

The subject headings listed below are found in this collection. Links below allow searches at Columbia University through the Archival Collections Portal and through CLIO, the catalog for Columbia University Libraries, as well as ArchiveGRID, a catalog that allows users to search the holdings of multiple research libraries and archives.

All links open new windows.

Subject

Heading "CUL Archives:"
"Portal"
"CUL Collections:"
"CLIO"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
"ArchivedGRID"
Oxford Group Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID

History / Biographical Note

Biographical / Historical

Moral Re-Armament (MRA) was coined on May 29, 1938 at a meeting for Dr. Frank Buchman's Oxford Group in England. At the time the world was on the brink of war, and while leaders claimed they sought peace, they prepared for war. The Oxford Group did not think that a military re-armament would avoid catastrophe, but a moral one would save the world from calamity. At the First World Assembly for Moral Re-Armament later that year, Dr. Buchman said: "Humanity is at the cross roads. We must reach a final decision for ourselves and for our nations. Do we choose the road of selfishness that leads to uncontrollable violence and darkness? Or will it be the road of the Cross to a sound world, where the ancient virtues of justice, understanding and peace rule under God over a sane humanity?" (The Oxford Group, p. 18-19) The movement gained followers throughout Europe and America, including then Senator Harry S. Truman, who contributed speeches and writings to the group. After World War II, MRA sought to provide moral guidance in light of the Cold War. Communism and the moral evils associated with the movement were regularly targeted in MRA publications. Dr. Buchman passed away in 1961. The work of the MRA ceased in 2001, and was succeeded by another international group known as "Initiatives of Change."