Columbia University Archives
 

Alexander Smith papers, 1900-1919

Series I: Professional, 1900-1919

This series consists of primarily professional correspondence of Alexander Smith before and during his time at Columbia University. Among the topics that appear with frequency are: personnel issues, recommendation requests and letters, inquiries regarding positions (both teaching and studying) within Columbia and at other institutions, information about appointments and changes at other universities around the country, updates on various people within the profession, speeches or lectures Smith was asked to make or attend, professional organization matters, advice for companies involved in patenting a product, requests for chemical analyses, invitations to meetings/conferences, and chemistry curriculum issues. Many of the files in this series are titled by personal names of professors from other institutions as well as those within the Columbia University community. Following are some of the more significant items of interest found within this series.

Smith was very involved with the American Chemical Society and these files consist of correspondence to and from Smith regarding those activities (especially when he was president of the organization in 1911), most of the time with Charles L. Parsons, secretary of the organization. Issues such as appointments, delegations of members to events, meetings and conferences, changes to the society's governing documents, monetary issues concerning the journal Chemical Abstracts, and the relationship to the International Association of Chemical Societies are addressed at various times. Correspondents also include William A. Noyes of University of Illinois at Urbana and Julius Steiglitz at University of Chicago. In addition to correspondence, there are meeting minutes, nomination letters, copies of governing documents, and a handwritten address by Smith at the opening of the Chemists Club in New York (1911 March 18) within these files.

The "Stieglitz, Julius" folder addresses a variety of topics including laboratory space, Ph.D. students, obtaining positions for former students, publications, American Chemical Society issues (he was president of the organization starting in 1917), curriculum issues and research. Steiglitz was a chemistry professor at University of Chicago and he and Smith had a very frequent correspondence between 1911 and 1919.

Smith was also actively involved in revising college entrance examinations. In fact, Smith was asked and accepted the chairmanship of a commission to revise the admission requirement in Chemistry (1912 May 1 letter from Professor Morgan to Professor Smith). The folders "College Entrance Examination Board" and "Examinations, College Entrance" both include correspondence, reports and notes concerning these particular exams.

The Columbia University Chemistry Department's organization is clearly described in a letter dated 1916 March 27 from Smith to George B. Frankforter and can be found in the folder "Frankforter, George B." A letter dated 1911 March 14 within the "Echlin, Henry M." folder specifically describes the politics of Columbia and the Chemistry department just before Smith came to New York. The "Haesler, Paul C." file deals exclusively with departmental matters, especially Haeseler's position in the department, departmental activities (e.g., 1917 August 21 report on the just ended summer session) as well as Haeseler's side of a dispute with another individual within the department.

In 1913 and 1914 Smith considered leaving Columbia for an equivalent position at Princeton University. Within the files "Princeton" and "Inquiries" (June, 1913), there is correspondence about Smith's reasons for considering the position (he wanted his children to have more space than the city could afford), his housing search in the Princeton area, and why he eventually withdrew his acceptance.

The "Inquiries" files are very thick and the correspondence in them directed towards Smith address the variety of topics found throughout this series (e.g., applications for positions, recommendations, invitations, comments on books and articles, meetings, conferences, subscriptions, memberships, requests for chemical analyses, applications to the Columbia Chemistry program, etc.) but instead of being divided into separate files, they are housed together and organized chronologically under this general heading. His responses to the various queries are usually included with the original request.

The effects of World War I on Smith's colleagues and his department are also discussed in some of these files. Among the most notable examples are within the "Kendall, James ", "Smith, Anne", and "Walker, James" files. James Kendall was a chemist from Scotland who was part of the Columbia department of Chemistry. He discusses departmental and general chemistry ideas, but more significantly he vividly describes his experiences during WWI, especially his time on a ship targeted by a torpedo shortly after the Lusitania was sunk by German submarines. Anne Smith was Alexander Smith's assistant whose file consists mostly of relayed information from his NY office to his country home in Pulaski, VA during the summer months. In addition to the office matters she often comments on her own situation particularly her 1914 dilemma about returning to Scotland just as WWI is beginning and whether to marry her "friend" or not.

James Walker worked in the chemistry department at the University of Edinburgh and he also appears to have owned a factory which was engaged in war work during WWI. His correspondence discusses the effects of the war on his classes (e.g., girls in his chemistry classes) and life, as well as the activities of their mutual friend James Kendall. A discussion of wartime coursework and the possibilities of military service/training substituting for course credit can be found in the "Mayer, R.E." folder. Within the "Scratchard, George" file most of the 1917 correspondence is about this Columbia professor trying to get out of the initial draft on the grounds of participating in government research. The "Cattell, James M." folder includes discussions of details for the National Academy of Sciences meeting at Columbia University in 1915 November but also includes correspondence concerning Cattell's dismissal from the University in 1917 due to his views on the war.

In addition to professional matters, sometimes personal issues appear within these correspondence files. The "Menzies, Alan W.C." file is a good example of correspondence which mixes both professional and personal correspondence. Alan Menzies was in the Department of Chemistry at the University of Chicago, then Oberlin and finally at Princeton. His folder contains Smith's recommendations for Menzies for a position at Birmingham University (1919). The "Van Cott, Dr. James" and "Webster, George W." files concern Smith's attempts to find answers and remedies for the illness suffered by Mr. William Bowles, his father-in-law, by contacting the two doctors to discuss and trade ideas and possible solutions.

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Box 1 Folder 1 Allen, Harry L., 1912-1914


Box 1 Folder 2 Altaffer, L.B., 1915


Box 1 Folder 3 Academy of Arts and Sciences, 1915-1916


Box 1 Folder 4 American Association of University Professors, 1914-1916


Box 1 Folder 5 American Associations for the Advancement of Science, 1916, 1918, 1916, 1918


American Chemical Society


Box 1 Folder 6 to 14 Jan, 1911-1919, (9 Folders)


Box 1 Folder 15 Governance, 1905-1912


Box 1 Folder 16 Delaware Section, 1918-1919


Box 1 Folder 17 Rochester Section, 1915-1917


Box 1 Folder 18 American Medical Association, 1912-1914


Box 1 Folder 19 American Yearbook, 1911-1919

(Corporation)


Box 1 Folder 20 Antropoff, A. von, 1912-1913


Box 1 Folder 21 to 22 Applications for Positions, 1912-1918, (2 Folders)


Box 1 Folder 23 Armstrong, Henry E., 1914-1916


Box 1 Folder 24 Arny, Harry V., 1916


Box 1 Folder 25 Bacon, Raymond F., 1916


Box 1 Folder 26 to 27 Badische Company, 1912-1918, (2 Folders)


Box 1 Folder 28 Badishce Company, 1913-1914

(Basle)


Box 1 Folder 29 Baekland, Leo H., 1916-1917


Box 1 Folder 30 Barker, Llewellyn, 1912


Box 1 Folder 31 Barnard College, 1912


Box 1 Folder 32 Barry, Frederick, 1912-1918



Box 2 Folder 1 Baskerville, Charles, 1911-1918


Box 2 Folder 2 Bates, John S., 1912, 1914, 1912, 1914


Box 2 Folder 3 Baxter, Gregory P., 1912


Box 2 Folder 4 Beans, Hal T., 1916-1919


Box 2 Folder 5 Bender, Andrew, 1913-1914


Box 2 Folder 6 Bern, Sidney, 1912-1913


Box 2 Folder 7 Biddle, H.C., 1916


Box 2 Folder 8 Bigelow, S. Lawrence, 1911-1915


Box 2 Folder 9 Bigelow, M.A., 1917


Box 2 Folder 10 Bio-Chemical Association, 1916

(Columbia University)


Box 2 Folder 11 Birnbaum, Simon, 1913-1915


Box 2 Folder 12 Birse, W.M., 1912


Box 2 Folder 13 Black, N. Henry, 1912-1915


Box 2 Folder 14 Booge, James Eliot, 1916-1918


Box 2 Folder 15 Bogert, Marston T., 1916-1918


Box 2 Folder 16 Books for Courses, 1910-1912


Box 2 Folder 17 Books Reviewed, 1911-1915


Box 2 Folder 18 Bowles, Potter, 1914


Box 2 Folder 19 Brannock, N.F., 1916


Box 2 Folder 20 Burks, Jesse D., 1911, 1914, 1911, 1914


Box 2 Folder 21 Burgess, George K., 1912


Box 2 Folder 22 Buswell, A.M., 1912-1917


Box 2 Folder 23 Butler, Nathaniel, 1914-1915


Box 2 Folder 24 Byers, Horace G., 1911-1918


Box 2 Folder 25 Caldwell, Otis W., 1917


Box 2 Folder 26 Calvert, Robert P., 1913-1919


Box 2 Folder 27 Carpenter, Clifford D., 1912-1918


Box 2 Folder 28 Carson, C.M., 1911-1915


Box 2 Folder 29 Cattel, James M., 1911-1918


Box 2 Folder 30 Century Association, 1915-1918


Box 2 Folder 31 Chambliss, Hardee, 1914-1915


Box 2 Folder 32 Chandler, Charles F., 1900, 1912-1915, 1900, 1912-1915


Box 2 Folder 33 Chemistry Department - Apparatus, 1911-1912


Box 2 Folder 34 Chemistry Department - Positions, 1913-1914


Box 2 Folder 35 Chemists – Applications, 1911-1914


Box 2 Folder 36 Chemists - Positions, 1915-1919

(Recommendations)


Box 2 Folder 37 Chemists Club, 1912-1918


Box 2 Folder 38 Chicago, University of, 1911-1915


Box 2 Folder 39 Clark, Willis N., 1917-1918


Box 2 Folder 40 Clubs, 1907-1915


Box 2 Folder 41 Cohen, Ernest, 1911


Box 2 Folder 42 College Entrance Exam Board, 1913-1914


Box 2 Folder 43 Commerical Use of University Facilities, 1913

(Proposals)


Box 2 Folder 44 to 45 Correspondence-Misc, 1911-1919, (2 Folders)


Box 2 Folder 46 Curriculum, 1911-1913


Box 2 Folder 47 Dains, F.B., 1911, 1915, 1911, 1915


Box 2 Folder 48 Davies, Milton J., 1916-1918


Box 2 Folder 49 De Beukelaer, F.L, 1914


Box 2 Folder 50 Dewey, John, 1915-1917


Box 2 Folder 51 Donnan, F.G., 1916


Box 2 Folder 52 Doughty, Howard W., 1910


Box 2 Folder 53 Dumm, William J., 1918-1919


Box 2 Folder 54 Eastlack, Herbert E., 1916-1919


Box 2 Folder 55 Eastman, Earl, 1914-1916


Box 2 Folder 56 Echlin, Henry M., 1911


Box 2 Folder 57 Egloff, Gustav, 1916


Box 2 Folder 58 Ehrhardt, Ernest F., 1911-1917


Box 2 Folder 59 Englemann, Wilhelm, 1911


Box 2 Folder 60 Eschenbach Printing Co., 1916-1917


Box 2 Folder 61 Estabrooke, W.L., 1916



Folder 62 Examinations, 1911-1912



Box 2 Folder 63 to 64 College Entrance, 1911-1913, (2 Folders)


Box 2 Folder 65 Falls, Harold A., 1913-1918



Box 3 Folder 1 Fisher, Harry L., 1916-1917


Box 3 Folder 2 Flynn, Oscar R., 1917-1918


Box 3 Folder 3 Frankfurter, George B., 1916


Box 3 Folder 4 Frasch, Hans A., 1915


Box 3 Folder 5 Frerichs, F.W., 1915-1916


Box 3 Folder 6 Fry, H. Shipley, 1916


Box 3 Folder 7 Garginer, Edward, 1918


Box 3 Folder 8 Garner, James B., 1918


Box 3 Folder 9 General Electric, 1915, 1917, 1915, 1917


Box 3 Folder 10 Gildersleeve, Virginia C., 1916


Box 3 Folder 11 Graduates, 1913

(Former Students)


Box 3 Folder 12 Graduate Students, 1912, 1915, 1912, 1915


Box 3 Folder 13 Gray, Thomas, 1912


Box 3 Folder 14 H. reeve Angel & Co., 1917


Box 3 Folder 15 Howard, Robert L., 1918


Box 3 Folder 16 Haber, Fritz, 1912


Box 3 Folder 17 Haeseler, Paul C., 1913-1918


Box 3 Folder 18 Hale, William J., 1911-1918


Box 3 Folder 19 Hall, Elliot S., 1910-1912


Box 3 Folder 20 Hallock, William, 1910, 1913, 1910, 1913


Box 3 Folder 21 Harlow, Ralhp F., 1916-1918


Box 3 Folder 22 Harrington, Thomas H., 1914


Box 3 Folder 23 Hendrixson, W.S., 1912


Box 3 Folder 24 Herty (Dr.)Incident, 1917


Box 3 Folder 25 Hildebrand, Joel H., 1916


Box 3 Folder 26 Hildebrand, William F., 1912-1918


Box 3 Folder 27 Hoke, Calm M., 1912, 1918, 1912, 1918


Box 3 Folder 28 Holter, Paul C., 1914-1915


Box 3 Folder 29 Hulett, George A., 1915


Box 3 Folder 30 Hulings, H.C., 1912-1914


Box 3 Folder 31 to 36 Inquiries, 1911-1919 (6 Folders), 1911-1919


Box 3 Folder 37 Instruction, Weekly Hours of, 1911


Box 3 Folder 38 International Association of Chemical sciences, 1911-1913



Folder 39 International Congress of Applied Chemistry, 1910-1912



Box 3 Folder 40 Columbia Committee, 1912


Box 3 Folder 41 Isham, Robert M., 1916


Box 3 Folder 42 Jackson, D.D., 1914, 1917, 1914, 1917


Box 3 Folder 43 James, J.H., 1916


Box 3 Folder 44 Johlin, J.M., 1911-1915


Box 3 Folder 45 Jones, Lauder W., 1912-1914


Box 3 Folder 46 Johnston, Charles Hughes, 1916


Box 3 Folder 47 Kendell, James, 1913-1918


Box 3 Folder 48 Kirkland, J.H., 1916


Box 3 Folder 49 Knox, Joseph, 1912


Box 3 Folder 50 Kress, Otto, 1912


Box 3 Folder 51 Laby, Thomas H., 1912


Box 3 Folder 52 Lambert, Samuel W., 1916, 1918, 1916, 1918


Box 3 Folder 53 Langmuir, Irving, 1916


Box 3 Folder 54 Lawrence, Benjamin B., 1913-1915


Box 3 Folder 55 Lecture Programs, ca., 1917-1918


Box 3 Folder 56 Lectures, 1913

(Resident)


Box 3 Folder 57 Lee, Frederick S., 1917


Box 3 Folder 58 Leslie, E.H., 1913


Box 3 Folder 59 Lewis, Gilbert, 1911-1916


Box 3 Folder 60 Lewis, W.K., 1916-1917


Box 3 Folder 61 Library, 1914-1917


Box 3 Folder 62 Liebisch, Bern, 1911


Box 3 Folder 63 Lindsay Light Co., 1918


Box 3 Folder 64 Logo, Victor L., 1912-1913


Box 3 Folder 65 Lombard, Robert H., 1911-1915


Box 3 Folder 66 Love, E.G., 1911-1912


Box 3 Folder 67 Lowry, Alexander, 1912-1915


Box 3 Folder 68 Lucke, Charles E., 1916


Box 3 Folder 69 McCormack, Thomas J., 1914-1919


Box 3 Folder 70 McCoy, Herbert N., 1911-1917


Box 3 Folder 71 McCracken, Robert F., 1912


Box 3 Folder 72 McCracken, William, 1912


Box 3 Folder 73 McFarland, Boynton W., 1916


Box 3 Folder 74 McGee, John Merritt, 1913-1916


Box 3 Folder 75 MacGregor, J.G., 1912


Box 3 Folder 76 McIntosh, Douglas, 1912, 1914, 1912, 1914


Box 3 Folder 77 McIntosh, Henry Milne, 1916-1918


Box 3 Folder 78 McPherson, William, 1911-1914


Box 3 Folder 79 Maine, University of – Chemistry, 1914-1915


Box 3 Folder 80 Maloney, William J., 1911-1914


Box 3 Folder 81 Maltby, Margaret E.


Box 3 Folder 82 Marshall, T.R., 1911-1914


Box 3 Folder 83 Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1915-1916

(MIT)


Box 3 Folder 84 Mayer, Ralph E, 1916-1917



Box 4 Folder 1 Menzies, Alan W.C., 1911-1919


Box 4 Folder 2 Miller, John J., 1911-1912


Box 4 Folder 3 Miller, W. Lash, 1916


Box 4 Folder 4 Milliken, Edward N., 1911-1912


Box 4 Folder 5 Monroe, Paul, 1916


Box 4 Folder 6 Moody, Herbert R., 1915


Box 4 Folder 7 Moore, Charles J., 1912


Box 4 Folder 8 Moore, Russell W, 1912-1914


Box 4 Folder 9 Moore, William C., 1915-1919


Box 4 Folder 10 Mory, A. V. H., 1916-1918


Box 4 Folder 11 National of Sciences, 1915-1918


Box 4 Folder 12 Nelson, John M., 1916-1917


Box 4 Folder 13 Nevins, Franklin, 1916


Box 4 Folder 14 New England Association of Chemistry Teacher, 1915, 1918, 1915, 1918


Box 4 Folder 15 New Era Printing Co., 1916


Box 4 Folder 16 New Jersey Science Teachers Association, 1916


Box 4 Folder 17 New York Sciences Teachers Association, 1915


Box 4 Folder 18 Noyes, Arthur A., 1914-1915


Box 4 Folder 19 to 20 Noyes, William A., 1911-1919, (2 Folders)


Box 4 Folder 21 Oddo, Guiseppe, 1912


Box 4 Folder 22 Olsen, John C., 1912


Box 4 Folder 23 Opinions rendered, 1911-1915


Box 4 Folder 24 Paradoxes, 1912


Box 4 Folder 25 Parsons, Charles L., 1911-1915


Box 4 Folder 26 Pearsons, Henry C., 1916, 1918, 1916, 1918


Box 4 Folder 27 Ph.D. – Rules, 1912, 1917, 1912, 1917


Box 4 Folder 28 Phi Lambda Upsilon, 1911-1915


Box 4 Folder 29 Pike, Frank Henry, 1911-1916


Box 4 Folder 30 Pine, John B., 1914-1915


Box 4 Folder 31 Positions, 1910-1915


Box 4 Folder 32 Princeton University, 1913-1914


Box 4 Folder 33 Professors, Exchange of, 1912


Box 4 Folder 34 Punnett, Percy W., 1912-1916


Box 4 Folder 35 Ransom, James H., 1911-1919


Box 4 Folder 36 Regester, S.H., 1912


Box 4 Folder 37 Reid, E. Emmett, 1915-1916


Box 4 Folder 38 to 39 Reprints – Thank You Notes, 1911-1919


Box 4 Folder 40 Research, 1911-1913


Box 4 Folder 41 Richards, T.W., 1918


Box 4 Folder 42 Richardson, Leon B., 1916


Box 4 Folder 43 Roberts, A.E., 1916-1917


Box 4 Folder 44 Roberts, L.D., 1918


Box 4 Folder 45 Royal Society of Edinburgh, 1911-1915


Box 4 Folder 46 Savidge, Robert W., 1914


Box 4 Folder 47 Scratchard, George, 1916-1917


Box 4 Folder 48 Slitchter, W.I., 1916-1918


Box 4 Folder 49 Slosson, Edwin E., 1912-1917


Box 4 Folder 50 Smith, Anne, 1914


Box 4 Folder 51 Societies, Chemical, 1912-1913


Box 4 Folder 52 Societies, Scientific, 1910-1917


Box 4 Folder 53 Statton, S.W., 1911-1912


Box 4 Folder 54 Stenographers, 1911-1914


Box 4 Folder 55 Stern, Ernest, 1912, 1914, 1912, 1914


Box 4 Folder 56 Stieglitz, Julius, 1911-1919


Box 4 Folder 57 Student Grades, 1918 February


Box 4 Folder 58 Students, 1912-1914

(Answers to Petitions)


Box 4 Folder 59 Summer Session, 1916-1918


Box 4 Folder 60 Talbot, H.P., 1911-1916


Box 4 Folder 61 Tanberg, A.P., 1913-1914


Box 4 Folder 62 Thomas, Arthur W., 1913-1917


Box 4 Folder 63 Thomas, Calvin, 1911-1912


Box 4 Folder 64 Thomas, Annie Davidson (Mrs Mason B.), 1911, 1914, 1911, 1914


Box 4 Folder 65 Timmons, G.D., 1914-1917


Box 4 Folder 66 Tingle, Alfred, 1918


Box 4 Folder 67 Tingle, J. Bishop, 1911-1915


Box 4 Folder 68 Titsworth, Waldo A., 1916


Box 4 Folder 69 Trimble, H.C., 1915-1916


Box 4 Folder 70 Trowbridge, Charles C., 1916-1917


Box 4 Folder 71 Tucker, Samuel A., 1911-1917



Box 5 Folder 1 Universities & Industries, Committee on Cooperation, 1917-1919


Box 5 Folder 2 University Bibliography, 1912-1916


Box 5 Folder 3 University Bookstore, 1911-1912


Box 5 Folder 4 Van Cott, Joshua M., 1917


Box 5 Folder 5 Vincent, George Edgar, 1911-1914


Box 5 Folder 6 Viol, Charles H., 1914


Box 5 Folder 7 Voss, Leopold, 1911


Box 5 Folder 8 Walden, Paul, 1912-1913


Box 5 Folder 9 Walker, Arthur L., 1911-1913


Box 5 Folder 10 Walker, James, 1911-1918


Box 5 Folder 11 Walker, William H., 1914-1916


Box 5 Folder 12 Walker, William Hall, 1916-1917


Box 5 Folder 13 Warland, William, 1914-1919


Box 5 Folder 14 Webster, George W., 1917


Box 5 Folder 15 Wendell, George V., 1912


Box 5 Folder 16 Whitaker, M.C., 1916-1918


Box 5 Folder 17 Whitney, W.R., 1916


Box 5 Folder 18 Whiton, Louis Charles, 1912-1913


Box 5 Folder 19 Whittelsey, T., 1917


Box 5 Folder 20 Williams, H. Ernest, 1912-1913


Box 5 Folder 21 Wirick, C.M., 1912-1915


Box 5 Folder 22 Woodhull, J.F., 1912


Box 5 Folder 23 Worden, Edward C., 1916