Rare Book & Manuscript Library
 

Imre Forbath diaries, 1900-1943

Imre Forbáth Diaries, 1900-1943

External users and Columbia affiliates may view materials on-site at RBML. Due to COVID-19 restrictions, only Columbia affiliates may view materials on-site at Avery, Starr, and Burke. After clicking 'Submit Request', users will login with their UNI and password (Columbia affiliates) or their special collections account (external users). Appointments are required and will be arranged according to each individual repository's policy.




Box 1 Journal 1:, March 29, 1900 - November 31, 1901

At the time of his first entries, Imre Forbáth is still using his original last name of Fischer. He is twenty-five years old, fluent in Hungarian, German, and French, a recent graduate of the Technical Universities of Vienna, Zurich, and Berlin. Imre Forbáth records his opinions on the latest developments in literature, philosophy, and music. While employed as a civil engineer for the city of Magdeburg, he works on his doctoral dissertation. The young civil engineer falls in love with Trüdchen, a German Christian woman, but has to break up with her. He writes a sensitive reflection on the relationship between Christians and Jews at this time. Conscripted into the Austro-Hungarian army, he is sent to Croatia for military training. While there he records the solar eclipse of May 15, 1901. He wins third place in an international competition for city planning in Bergen. Mother sells her house.

Places mentioned:

  1. Bergen
  2. Budapest
  3. Cologne
  4. Érsekujvár
  5. Magdeburg

People mentioned:

  1. Hilson
  2. Koppány, Géza
  3. Kramer
  4. Lüschen
  5. Trüdchen
  6. Unterführung Schörer

Writings of this Period:

  1. Bau der Städte an Flüssen(Building of the Cities by the Rivers)
  2. Canalisation von Mailand (Canalization of Milan)
  3. Chicago Arkadische Canal (Arched Canal of Chicago)
  4. Kikötőkerdes: Frankfurt, Mainz, Düsseldorf, Ludvigshafen, Dreschen kikötőirol (Studies on the Frankfurt, Mainz, Düsseldorf, Ludwigshafen, and Dreschen Ports)
  5. Mannheim Csatornázási Terve (Canalization Plans for Mannheim)
  6. Muhlheim Csatornázási Tervei (Canalization Plans for Mühlheim)
  7. Nemet Mérnökok Helyzeterol (About the Lives of the German Engineers)
  8. Nordbrücke Electricitätswerk (Power Plant of Nordbrücke)
  9. Ontozes Városi Szennyvízekkel (Irrigating with Sewage from the City)
  10. Studien von der Riesenfelder (Studies on the Sewage Farms)

Public Presentations made:

  1. A városok kozegeszsegugyerol a szennycsatornakat erintve (Cities' Common Health Considering Sewers), Engineers' Society (Mernok Egylet)
  2. A Vaskapu szabalyozásáról (Regulation of the Vaskapu), Engineers' Society (Mernok Egylet)

Works of this period:

  1. Canal of Dwigue
  2. Canal of Nyitra
  3. Canal of Sarajevo


Box 1 Journal 2:, December 1, 1901 - October 16, 1904

At this time, the writer of the journals uses the family name "Forbáth-Fischer." He is a paid employee of the city of Frankfurt, working as a civil engineer. He is a member of the Society of Engineers of Frankfurt, as well as of the city's Skittles Society. He is published regularly in the Technicians' Association Journal. After getting his Austrian diploma recognized, he earns a doctorate with honors in Darmstadt (his thesis: Stadtebau in Alten und Neuer Zeit/ City Building in the Past and Present). He takes part in a trial concerning Magdeburg's building supplies. In 1903, Imre Forbáth quits his job in Frankfurt and moves to Berlin, where he becomes head engineer and assistant principal of the office of civil engineering. Rapidly expanding opportunities in the field of city building bring him home to Hungary, where Imre Forbáth establishes a private engineering office in Pest. He loses the network of contacts in government and engineering circles that he had built up in Germany and has to develop a new one. Still quite a young man, he sets out to find work for his private engineering firm. Forbáth meets all the major political leaders of Hungarian cities where improvements are being undertaken. He holds liberal political views, which make him unique in his conservative circle. In Pest, he encounters ultra-radical socialist views for the first time in his life. The young engineer longs to live in England or America. He reads widely and keeps up with everything new in cultural life. Imre Forbáth publishes articles, mainly about the building of ports. For hygienic reasons, cities begin to build slaughterhouses. Forbáth's plans win first place in a competition for a slaughterhouse in Altenesse. The family attends Joseph's wedding. Mother lives in Vienna. Uncle Rudolph dies.

Places mentioned:

  1. Bergen
  2. Berlin
  3. Budapest
  4. Cologne
  5. Darmstadt
  6. Érsekujvár
  7. Frankfurt
  8. Magdeburg

People mentioned:

  1. Alesius
  2. Altheim
  3. Alzheim
  4. Bella
  5. Berg and Peron
  6. Bohm
  7. Brix
  8. Cauter
  9. Drotleff
  10. Eichberg
  11. Faragó
  12. Farkass
  13. Feldman
  14. Finaly, István
  15. Földes (Professor)
  16. Ganzerzen, Kertz
  17. Goecke
  18. Hengsberger (his boss)
  19. Hiemesh (Mayor)
  20. Hoffman (builder)
  21. Hoffman (Professor at Darmstadt)
  22. Holeman, Philip
  23. Hoszpotzky
  24. Jossa
  25. Kassay
  26. Klonne
  27. Kolle (his boss)
  28. Kollischert (Dr.)
  29. Kovács, Aladár I.
  30. Lahmeyer, Salamon
  31. Láng, Károly
  32. Lastyánszky
  33. Lion
  34. Luthi
  35. Pfeffer
  36. Pichler
  37. Putzer
  38. Schongut
  39. Schutter (engineer)
  40. Tisza, István
  41. Tragen
  42. Uhlfelder
  43. Walbe (Professor at Darmstadt)
  44. Wecsei, Ferenc
  45. Zichmeister (Mayor of Győr)

Writings of this period:

  1. A Mannheimi Kikötők (Ports of Mannheim)
  2. Altenessei Vágóhíd (Slaughterhouse of Altenesse)
  3. Bau der Städte an Flüssen: Frankfurt am Main (Building of Cities on Rivers: Frankfurt am Main)
  4. Belhajózási Kikötők Fontossága Forgalmi Szempontból (Importance of Ports for Inland Shipping Considering Traffic).Weekly Shipping Journal (Hajozasi Hetilap)
  5. Canalization of Sidney
  6. Cement Canal of WestendCentralblatt
  7. Egynehány Tengeri és Belhajózási Viteldíj Összehasonlítása (Comparison of Sea and Inland Shipping Fares).Weekly Informant (Heti Ertesito)
  8. Goethe. Zeitschrift für Binneuschrift 5
  9. Kanalisation der Altstadt von Magdeburg(Canalization of Magdeburg).Centralblatt Cistern of Dortmund; Centralblatt
  10. Kanalisation von Mailand (Canalization of Milan)
  11. Ports: Grieslan, Cologne, Dortmund, Kreflo
  12. Social und Wirtschlaftliche Vorarbeiten für Stadt Erneuerungsplane(Social and Scientific Preparations for Renovation Plans for Cities).Städtebau
  13. Városaink Rendezése (Arrangement of Our Cities).Szabolcs
  14. Városfejlesztési Munkák (City Development Works).Szabolcs
  15. Works on the Danube. Ges. Ing.

Public Presentations made:

  1. A Majnafrankfurti Új Gabonasiló (Granary in Frankfurt am Main)
  2. A Vasút Új Javító Munkálatairól (About the New Train Repair Works), at Mérnök és Ép. Egylet (Engineer and Architect Society)
  3. Az Egészségügyi Mérnöki Munkák Hygiéniai és Közgazdasági Fontosságáról (Hygienic and Economical Importance of the Health Engineer Works)
  4. Az Új Vízvezetéki Díjszabályzat (New Water Supply Fees)
  5. Bau des Stadte an Flüssen in Alter und Neuer Zeit (City Building on Rivers in Old and New Times)
  6. Canalization in Nagyszeben(Nagyszebeni Csatornázás)
  7. Canalization in Rodelcheim(Rodelcheim-i Csatornázás)
  8. Frankfurt Mérnöki Hivataláról és Annak Munkáiról(Office of Engineering in Frankfurt and its Works)
  9. Nagyszebeni Villamosmű (Power Plant of Nagyszeben)
  10. Népszerű Főiskola-i Tanfolyam Vízvezeték és Csatorna Dolgában (Water Supply and Canalization Course at the Community College)
  11. Pozsonyi Vágóhíd (Slaughterhouse of Bratislava)
  12. Städtebaufragen(Questions of City Building)
  13. Szeged Közvágóhíd (Slaughterhouse of Szeged)
  14. Verkehrspolitische Wert der in Deutschland, Österreich and Ungarn Geplanten (Transportation Fares in Germany, Austria and Hungary)
  15. Wasserstrassen(Waterways), Mérnök és Épitesz Egylet (Engineer and Architect Society)

Works of this period:

  1. Building of Mudling Hotel in Vienna
  2. Canal of Salzschlirf
  3. Canalization and Water Supply in Epstein
  4. Canalization and Water Supply of Kassa and Brasso
  5. Canalization of Eberwald
  6. Canalization of Königshütte
  7. City Building of Temesvár, Nyiregyháza, Szabadka, Gyongyos, and Miskolc
  8. City Building Plans for Nyiregyháza
  9. Plans and Building of Water Refinement Plant in Budapest
  10. Plans and Building of Water Refinement Plant in Nagyszeben
  11. Water Supply for Griesheim
  12. Water Supply in Nyitra
  13. Water Supply of Mainz, Epstein, Hofheim, Hatterheim, and Kriftel
  14. Water Supply of Pecs and Kecskemét
  15. Water Supply of Wilhelmhafen


Box 1 Journal 3:, October 26, 1904-April 19, 1908

The journal's writer uses the name, "Forbát Imre Dr." He opens a private engineering office in Budapest. He is not part of the Budapest elite yet, and still has to make a great effort to attract clients. He begins to learn English and travels to Manchester. He also travels to Berlin, Magdeburg, Frankfurt, and Constantinople. He earns his doctorate and becomes a lecturer at the Technical University in Budapest. Imre Forbáth takes his first steps in the field of communal politics. He is a member of the 48 Party, which supports the ideals of the 1848 Revolution, and takes part in national elections. He is a convinced liberal, excited about the political changes in France, especially the separation of church and state. He distances himself from Judaism, valuing it as a culture rather than a religion. He becomes one of Budapest's leading figures in the fields of public works and city planning. He is a member of the Engineers' Society. People want him to play a larger role in the city's leadership, but he refuses. He is asked to appraise gas prices for Budapest. Banki paints his portrait. He wins second place at an international competition in Varna. He comes in first in the Ruscsuk canalization and water supply competition. He writes about the August 29, 1905 solar eclipse.

Places Mentioned:

  1. Berlin
  2. Constantinople
  3. Frankfurt
  4. Magdeburg
  5. Manchester
  6. Varna

People mentioned:

  1. Andrassy
  2. Apponyi, Count
  3. Barabas, Bela
  4. Bartok, Bela
  5. Becker
  6. Cigler (professor)
  7. Circle, Erzsébet
  8. Circle, Lipot
  9. Devecis
  10. Fedak, Sari
  11. Hatvany, Jozsef
  12. Heltai, Jeno
  13. Hollo, Lajos
  14. Kajlinger
  15. Kovacs (professor)
  16. Leon
  17. Manger, Armin
  18. Markus, Jozsef
  19. Szalay, Lajos (Mayor)
  20. Szekely, Bertalan
  21. Szilagyi, Dezso
  22. Tatrai, Lajos (student)
  23. Tisza, István
  24. Tolnai, Lajos

Writings of this period:

  1. A lakaskerdes és Budapest jovoje (Question of Housing and the Future of Budapest); Budapest, 1906
  2. A vízmuvek rentabilitásáról (About the Profit of the Water Supplies)
  3. Amerikanische Abwasser Reimsgsanhenge (American Water Connections)
  4. Bebauung der AussengesartiereBudapests (Building of Budapest's Suburbs)
  5. Berechnung von Städten (Calculation of the Cities)
  6. Budapest jovoje (Future of Budapest)
  7. Haupstädtische Bau(Building of the Capital)
  8. Kanalisation der Stadt Nagyszeben (Canalization of Nagyszeben)
  9. Kleinwohnungsfürsorge in Glasgow (Low-Income Housing in Glasgow), Gesundheit
  10. Kleinwohnungsfürsorge in Sheffield (Low-Income Housing in Sheffield), Gesundheit
  11. Kleinwohnunksfürsorge in Englischen Städten (Low-Income Housing in the Cities of England), Leipzig, 1906
  12. Lage der Ingenieure in Ungarn (Position of the Engineer in Hungary)
  13. Muszaki teendoink városaink fejlesztese korul (Technical Works about the Development of Our Cities); Vallalkozok Közlönye
  14. Ontozes Városi szennyvízekkel (Watering with City Sewage); Budapest, 1905
  15. Parlament und Freiheitsplatz Viertel in Budapest (Parliament and the Freedom Square Buildings in Budapest)
  16. Ruscsuk víz és csatornázási tervei (Plans of the Water Supply and Canals of Ruscsuk)
  17. Városaink Muszaki Ugyei (Our Cities' Engineering Problems)

Public presentations made:

  1. A Kozigazgatasi birosag reformjai (Judicial Reforms of the Administration), Országos Igazsagugyi Muszaki Tanacs (National Technical Rights Committee)
  2. A Muszaki Kamara és a Koztisztsegviselok (Technical Chamber and the Administration)
  3. A városok csatornázásarol (On the Canalization of the Cities), Budapesti Muegyetem (Technical University of Budapest)
  4. Artezi furdok beepitendo hullammedence dolgaban (About Wave-Pools in Thermal Baths), Városháza (City Hall)
  5. Csatornázásrol és szennyvíz tisztitasrol (Canalization and Sewage Cleaning); Az Osztrak-Magyar Gaz-és Víztechnikusok Kongresszusa (Congress of Gas and Hydraulic Technicians of Austria-Hungary)
  6. Kozepes nagysagu városok rendzeserol (Planning Middle-Sized Cities), Budapesti Muegyetem (Technical University of Budapest)
  7. Ujabb torekvesek a városepites teren, celzassal a Budapesti szabalyozasra(New Plans in City Building: Regulation of Budapest); Mérnök Egylet (Engineer's Society)
  8. Vagohid és Városterv (Slaughterhouse and City Planning), Varoshaza (City Hall)
  9. Városrendezes kozegeszsegugyi szempontbol szempontbol (City Organizing, Focusing on Civil Health Issues)

Works of this period:

  1. Appraisal of the Stone Mine of Sator
  2. Canal of Varna
  3. Canalization of Nagydisznod and the Starch Factory of Csikosgornok
  4. Dam of Jozsefváros
  5. Drilling on the Danube for the Water Supply of Goldberg Factory
  6. Incinerator at Miskolc
  7. Incinerator in Bucharest
  8. Plant -Oil Factory of Pest
  9. Sewage for Hatvany Sugar Factory
  10. Sewage of Jaszbereny and Hatvan
  11. Spring of Csillaghegy
  12. Water Refinement Plant of Nagyszeben
  13. Water Sink of Vienna
  14. Water Supply of Zombori
  15. Water Supply, Sewer System, and Slaughterhouse of Vojvodina (Ujvidek)
  16. Water Works of Bratislava
  17. Water Works of Brussa, Nagyberek, Pancsova, Zagrab
  18. Water Works of Marko Street; Pest
  19. Watering of Vojvodina and Ruscsuk (Resicabánya)
  20. Works in Nagyenyed, Segesvár, and Brasso
  21. Works in Székesfehérvár, Tatabánya, Siofok, Szatmar, Felegyháza, Hodmezovásárhely, and Hatvan
  22. Works on the Slaughterhouse of Altesse


Box 1 Journal 4:, April 22, 1908-July 25, 1911

The author of the journals uses the name, "Imre Forbáth Dr." He is a lecturer at the new Technical University and is elected to its governing body. He takes part in parliamentary election campaigns. People in many constituencies ask him to run for office, but he refuses. He wants to be financially secure first. He travels to France, Italy, Bulgaria, and Germany. He is the Hungarian representative at the International Exhibition on City Planning held in Berlin. He is one of the Hungarian delegates sent to the jubilee celebration in Rome. He travels to the World's Fair in Brussels and visits Antwerp to take part in a city planning competition. Forbáth and Vargha submit plans for Antwerp, which take third place. Imre Forbáth's lifestyle has changed; he is now part of the Hungarian elite, moving in circles beyond those of his family and profession.

Places mentioned:

  1. Berlin
  2. Brussels
  3. Bulgaria
  4. France
  5. Germany
  6. Rome

People mentioned:

  1. Aigner, Rudolf
  2. Arnstein, Henrik
  3. Barczy (Mayor)
  4. Bartha, Kalman
  5. Batthyany, Tivadar
  6. Beck, Gyula
  7. Berbnady, György
  8. Bitto
  9. Bohm, Imre
  10. Brauserwetter
  11. Buzath
  12. Cazar
  13. Czipfer
  14. Darvai
  15. Domique
  16. Fenyvessy, Jozsef
  17. Ferenczi, Imre
  18. Furst, Laszlo
  19. Grunwald, Mor
  20. Grunwald, Vilmos
  21. Gyarmaty, Viktor
  22. Harrer
  23. Hatvany, Jozsef
  24. Hederváry, Lehel
  25. Hegedus, Lorant
  26. Heltay, Ferenc
  27. Hollo, Lajos
  28. Huszar (private professor)
  29. Kajlinger
  30. Koppany, Geza
  31. Kun, Gyula
  32. Lechner
  33. Lueger
  34. Mandells
  35. Merse, Pal
  36. Michailich
  37. Monillard
  38. Nemes, Marcell
  39. Nyary
  40. Parloff (Mayor)
  41. Reich
  42. Ripke, Ferenc
  43. Rock, István
  44. Romsanek (private professors)
  45. Rozsa, Ferenc
  46. Sandor, Pal
  47. Szabo, Jozsef
  48. Szilagyi, Ferenc
  49. Tory
  50. Ugron, Gabor
  51. Unger, Jozsef
  52. Vazsonyi, Vilmos
  53. Weiss, Albert
  54. Weiss, Manfred
  55. Werner, Hegeman (Dr.)
  56. Zala, György
  57. Zemplen

Writings of this period:

  1. A berlini Városepitesi kiallitasrol(On the City Building Exhibition in Berlin), Városok Lapja and Magyarország
  2. A Brassoi gat(Dam of Brasso), Ges. Ing.
  3. A fovaros muszaki adminisztraciojanak ujjaszervezeserol(On the Reorganization of the Technical Administration of the Capital), Lloyd
  4. A kissarmasi foldgaz Budapesten(Natural Gas of Kissarmás in Budapest), Fuggetlen Budapest
  5. A liberalis angol koltsegvetesol(Budget of Liberal England), Magyarország
  6. A Magyar-Dalmat vasutak vízellátásáról(Watering of the Magyar-Dalmat Railroads), Lloyd
  7. A soroksari Dunaag kikötőve valo kiepiteserol(Building a Port at Soroksár, Tributary of the Danube), published in every daily news
  8. Ankauf der Stadtbahnen / A fovárosi vasut megvetelerol(Purchase of the City's Trolleys), Lloyd
  9. Antwerpen(In Antwerp), Strassebau, Halle
  10. Barczay nagy 95 milliardos epitesi programjarol(95-Billion Korona Building Program of Mayor Barczay), Lloyd
  11. Budapest forgalmarol(On Budapest's Traffic), Lloyd
  12. Eisfrage(Question of Ice), Lloyd
  13. Gasfrage in Budapest / A Budapesti Gaz(Gas of Budapest), Lloyd
  14. Gedanken über die Brusseler Weltaustellung(Thoughts about the World's Fair in Brussels), Lloyd
  15. Magyarország gazdasagi fejlodese(Hungary's Economic Growth), Lloyd
  16. Mérnök és jogasz(Engineer and Lawyer), Városok Lapja
  17. Székesfehérvar, Lloyd
  18. Resicabánya vízellatasa(Watering of Resicabánya), Értesítő

Public presentations made:

  1. A foldalatti Budapestrol(On the Budapest Underground)
  2. A fovárosi Kozuzemek bevaltasanak folytatásáról(On the Community Factories of the Capital)
  3. A fovárosi villamostelepek bevaltásáról(On the Power Plant of the Capital), at Demokrata Kor (Democratic Circle)
  4. A gazkerdesrol. Grof Festetich Geza a francia-osztrak ajanlat ossszehasonlitasa(On the Problem of Gas)
  5. A lakaskerdes reformja (Housing Reform), at Magyar Tarsadalomtudomanyi Egylet(Hungarian Social Sciences Committee)
  6. A mérnöki hivatal reformjarol(On the Reform of the Engineering Administration)
  7. A Nagyszebeni csatornázásrol(Canalization in Nagyseben), Mérnökegylet
  8. A szekesfováros kozigazgatásáról hozott uj szabalyrendletek(New Regulations in the Capital), Közlöny
  9. Antwerpen (On Antwerp), at Mérnök Egylet(Engineer's Committee)
  10. Az Erzsébet Sugarut terveinek elokeszitese(Erzsébet Boulevard, With Dezso Jasz), at Kozmunkatanacs (Committee of Community Works)
  11. Batthyányi teri hid tervpalyazat(Plan of the Batthyányi Square Bridge), at Mérnök Egylet (Engineer's Committee)
  12. Goethes Stellung zu Gottheit und religion(Goethe's Opinion on God and Religion), Lloyd
  13. Kertvárosok(Suburbs), Bratislava
  14. Modern városrendzes a nyugati országokban(Modern City Planning in the Western Countries, technical lectures)
  15. Ruhen von Boston / Bosztoni Városi Parkok(City Parks of Boston), Lloyd
  16. Sugarut(Parkway, with Dezso Jasz), at Kozmunkatanacs Committee of Community Works
  17. Városrendezesrol(City Building), at Muszaki egy eloadasok (Technical University lectures)
  18. Vízjogi targyalas Tencsenyben(Trial on Water Rights in Tencsény)
  19. Vízvezeték és csatornzas(Water Supply and Sewers), at Székesfehérvári Egylet (Committee of Székesfehérvár)

Works of this period:

  1. Canalization of Deva
  2. Expert for Larduzzi in Miskolc
  3. Expert in Debrecen
  4. Infrastructure of Marosvásárhely, Nagybecskerek (Nagybuskerse), Beszterce, Resicza, Szatmar-nemeti, Nagyszeben, Brasso, Tatabánya, Viova River
  5. Infrastructure of Papa, Doman, Rimaszombat, Sziliacsfurdo
  6. Plans of Anina and Doman, Szabadka, Székesfehérvár, Lake Sosto
  7. Plans of Low-Income Housing in Kispest (For Sandor Wekerle)
  8. Spring of Ersekujvár
  9. Watering of Screw Factory, Starch Factory, and Goldberger Factory
  10. Waterworks in Ujpest


Box 1 Journal 5:, July 26, 1911 - July 20, 1914

Imre Forbáth is a professor at the Technical University. He works with four other engineers: Nagy, Pikler, Indy, and Wagner. The last two are still students. Technical innovations such as new pumping methods and Puech-Chaval filters are introduced. Forbáth travels to Switzerland, Italy, and Dusseldorf, Germany. He visits the Hygienic Exhibition in Dresden. While there, he attends a performance of Isadora Duncan's dancers. He buys a Mednyansky painting. Forbáth takes out a 50,000-korona life insurance policy with the First Insurance Company. In 1912, his first book, titledStädtebauliche Studien,is published in Leipzig. At this time, he lives a very active social life. He is a member of the political circle of Lipotvaros and a delegate of the Independent Democratic Party. He is also in the leadership of the municipal Board of Works and is elected to the city council. After István Barczy, he is the biggest vote getter in this municipal election. He criticizes the Minister of Commerce for failing to submit the applications of Hungarian engineers to the Bosnian railroad on the grounds that there was a shortage of engineers in Hungary. He moves to a new house in Budapest, 46 Nador Street. He is financially successful. Imre Forbáth ends the year with a capital of 70,000 korona. He meets Olga Popper, whom he marries on February 1, 1913. On February 2, Rabbi Samuel Kohn performs the religious ceremony. On November 21, 1913, their first daughter, Eva, is born. Olga Popper's family owns the Latzka and Popper Company. Forbáth and his family move to a new house, 3 Becsey Street. He visits the Picasso exhibition in Munich and an architectural exhibition in Leipzig in 1913. He studies low-income housing in Paris, Stuttgart, Vienna and London. He is invited to San Francisco for an Engineers' Congress, but will be unable to go because of the outbreak of the First World War.Lloyd'seditor-in-chief forbids him to write for theJournal.Mor Revay asks him to write for the new Revai Lexicon. He wins first place for plan of Brasso.

Places mentioned:

  1. Budapest
  2. Dresden
  3. Dusseldorf
  4. Italy
  5. Leipzig
  6. London
  7. Munich
  8. Paris
  9. Stuttgart
  10. Switzerland
  11. Vienna

People mentioned:

  1. Beothy
  2. Bezeredy, Gyula
  3. Biro, Elek
  4. Bodos (professor)
  5. Bohm, Agoston
  6. Copper
  7. Dohnanyi, Tivadar
  8. Duncan, Isadora
  9. Fabian
  10. Farago, Geza
  11. Ferrol, F. (Dr.)
  12. Fock, Ede
  13. Friedmann, Bernat
  14. Fuchs, Jeno (Dr.)
  15. Giovanus
  16. Godolloi, Lehel
  17. Gorkij
  18. Gospick, Alispan
  19. Grossfield
  20. Grunwald, Vilmos
  21. Hainish, Michael (Dr.)
  22. Halasz, Frigyes
  23. Harrer, Ferenc
  24. Hary, Gyula
  25. Hausmann
  26. Hegedus
  27. Heltay, Ferenc
  28. Hevesi, Sandor
  29. Hosdzpotszky
  30. Ivanka, Imre
  31. Justh, Gyula
  32. Kaiser, Karoly
  33. Karolyi, Mihaly
  34. Kisfaludy-strobl, Zsigmond
  35. Klein, Gyula
  36. Kos, Karoly
  37. Kovacs, Aladar J.
  38. Latzko, Sandor
  39. Lenke
  40. Leonard (Mayor)
  41. Lipot, Hermann
  42. Loti, Pierre
  43. Lowenstein, Arnold
  44. Marc, Aurel
  45. Mezey, Gyula
  46. Mezossy, Desy
  47. Miklos, Gyula
  48. Pallenberg, Max
  49. Rados
  50. Ravasz, Oszkar
  51. Reich, Odon
  52. Rozsahegyi, Kalman
  53. Rupcsics
  54. Sandor, Pal
  55. Schiller
  56. Seneco
  57. Serenyi, Gusztav
  58. Shiffer
  59. Szamosi
  60. Szanto, Aladar
  61. Szereny, Zoltan
  62. Szigeti, Jozsef
  63. Szirmai, Imre
  64. Tornai
  65. Vigh, Janos
  66. Virag, Geza
  67. Weinberger, Miksa (Dr.)
  68. Zala, György

Writings of the period:

  1. A Budapesti hatosagi lakasepitesekrol / Gesetzliche Wohnungspflege(On Government Housing in Budapest); in his book published in Leipzig, Neue Freie Presse, Vienna, Journal
  2. A Budapesti munkaskoloniarol(On the Workers' Community in Budapest); in his book published in Leipzig
  3. A kozmunka tanacsrol(On the Committee of Public Works), Fovárosi Hirlap
  4. A palyaudvarok rendezeserol(On the Train Stations), Budapesti Hirlap
  5. A Soroksari Dunaag kikötőve valo kiepiteserol(On the Building of the Port of Soroksár on the Danube), Lloyd, Vilag, Budapesti Hirnap
  6. Antwerpen(On Antwerp), Strasse, Halle
  7. Az Adria palota Erzsébet teri arkadjairol(On the Arch of Adriapalota of Erzsébet Square), Egyetertes
  8. Az Erzsébet sugarut és a kozponti városháza(The Erzsébet Boulevard and the Central City Hall), Fuggetlen Budapest
  9. Az Erzsébet sugarut terve(The Plan of Erzsébet Boulevard), Harrer
  10. Az Osztrak-Olasz hatarszelrol(On the Austro-Italian Border), Magyarország
  11. Az Újvidéki csatornázás (Canalization of Újvidék), Gesundheit
  12. Gross-Berlin(Greater Berlin), Lloyd
  13. Haupstadt in 1911(The Capital in 19110)
  14. Resicabánya vízellatasa(Watering of Resicabánya), Értesítő
  15. Schriften zur Forderung eines bessere Stadtebaues und der Kleinwohnungsfürsorge in Städten(Writings for Better City Planning and for Low-Income Housing), Leipzig
  16. Stadtabauliche Studien(Studies in City Planning)
  17. Székesfehérvár Asszonyvolgy(Székesfehérvár Asszony Valley), Lloyd

Public presentations of this period:

  1. A folyami kikötők(Riverports), Committee
  2. A gyari furdok berendezeserol(On the Equipment of the Baths in the Factories), Nepfurdo Egylet
  3. A Soroksari Dunaag kikötőve valo tetelerol(On the Building of the Port of Soroksár on the Danube)
  4. A városepites kozegeszsegugyi vonatkozasai(Relationship of Common Health to City Building), Kozegeszsegugyi Szaktanacs
  5. Antwerpen(On Antwerp), Mérnökegylet
  6. Kereskedelmi Kikötők(Commercial Ports), Kereskedelmi csarnok (Commercial Hall)
  7. Kispesti allami munkastelep(Workers' Community in Kispest)
  8. Segesvár csatornázása(The Canalization of Segesvár), Városháza
  9. The Question of Smog(Fustkerdes); National Public Health Committee (Országos kozegeszsegugyi tanacs)
  10. Városrendezesrol(On City Organization), Muszaki egyetem (Technical University)
  11. Vízvezeték és csatornázás(Canalization and Water Supplying), Székesfehérvári Egylet

Works of this period:

  1. Expert in Kecskemét on Trauzl-Lefeber
  2. Expert in Nyitra, Gulin, Paskin, Vahovina
  3. Expert on Erzsébetfalva's Water Supply
  4. Expert on Margit Island Beach
  5. Expert on Segesvár's Sewers
  6. Expert on Spring Well of Margit Island
  7. Extension of the Water Works of Marossvásárhely
  8. Goldberg Factory's watering
  9. Magyar-Dalmát Railroad's Water Supply
  10. Plans of Nagybecskerek's Draining
  11. Plans of Ujvidek [With Nagy and Pikler engineers]
  12. Power Plant of Nyitra
  13. Pumping Sewers of Székesfehérvár
  14. Székesfehérvár, Resica, Marodvásárhely, Albertfalva, Segesvár
  15. Trial on Water Rights of the Soroksar Avenue Distillation Plant
  16. Trials on Water Rights in Pluski on Drelulje and Jeszenka
  17. Water Refinement Plant in Nagyszeben
  18. Watering of Szabadka
  19. Workers' Quarters of Kispest
  20. Works on Pécel Sewers


Box 1 Journal 6:, July 21, 1914 - December 26, 1914

Imre Forbáth and his wife are in England when the newspapers bring word of the outbreak of war, then of the introduction of conscription. They see crowds of people in front of banks trying to withdraw their savings. Urged by friends and family, they leave for home, stopping in Brussels and Hassel. Germany is on the eve of military mobilization. The railroads in Bavaria are protected by armed civilians. Masses of draftees flood trains and stations. Imre Forbáth is called up to serve as an engineer with the Seventh Division of the Thirtieth Infantry Regiment. He has to report for duty in seven days. The Seventh Division consists of 1,500 laborers divided into six parts, with an officer and an engineer at the head of each. Wherever the troops go, the people welcome them with flowers. The Seventh Division is taken to Przemysl. According to the diary, Polish Jews and Ruthenes are sent there as well. In September 1914, Árpád Tamássy takes command of the fort. The workers build barbed wire fences, trenches, and roads. Most of the civilian population leaves. The Russians attack the city, finally surrounding it at the end of September. Both sides suffer many casualties. The besieged troops have to come up with new ideas to supplement their diminishing supplies; they make matches and tie wooden soles to their shoes. On October 12, Austro-Hungarian troops relieve the siege of Przemysl and retake the height of Paportenka. On Christmas day, a mass is held for the troops on the frontline. In this diary, Imre Forbáth reports on the August 23, 1914 solar eclipse.

Places mentioned:

  1. Brussels
  2. Hassel
  3. Przemysl

People mentioned:

  1. Barabas, Bela
  2. Czako, Pal
  3. Deer, Erna;
  4. Fischer, (Dr.)
  5. Fodor, Gabor
  6. Kear (Captain)
  7. Krause, Tivadar
  8. Makrai (Engineer)
  9. Nonay, Dezso
  10. Richnowsky (Captain)


Box 1 Journal 7 (Parts 1 and 2): December 1, 1914 - March 22, 1915, September 5, 1915 - October 20, 1915., December 1, 1914 - March 22, 1915,, September 5, 1915 - October 20, 1915.

The Russians had surrounded the fort of Przemysl again on November 8, 1914. Between Christmas and New Year, the fighting stops. The besieged troops are completely worn out and food is scarce. The laborers are armed with Wernil weapons and turned into soldiers. Weapons and ammunition are scarce. The army has to take care of the civilian population, including refugees.

In the diary of Imre Forbáth, we get precise data on the number of laborers and soldiers, their pay, their food supplies, and what they do. According to his data, 25,000 Hungarian laborers are at the fort. Half of Forbáth's division of 298 men build a road at Pod Masurani while the other half works at Makara Garai. The soldiers' pay is 16 fillér per day. The civilians are overpayed for their work. There are 9,200 sick. Due to the harsh winter weather and the lack of food, the men become ill at work. Many freeze to death. At the end of 1914, Archduke Karl, heir to the throne, visits the front. He refuses to allow the surrender of the fort. An order forbids keeping records in writing as of January 7, 1915. The Austro-Hungarian troops sent to relieve Przemysl attack on January 23, 1915. They are defeated on March 20. Meanwhile, Na Gorach has fallen. The fort at Przemysl has been surrounded for four months and all the food has been used up. The fort is famously impregnable to military attack, so the men are willing to endure to the limit of their resources. The smallest portions are served. The horses are slaughtered, so there is meat, but nothing else; all other food, including bread and salt, is gone. On March 22, the Austro-Hungarians decide to surrender the fort. They blow up their cannons, weapons, and vehicles and await the fort's new rulers. Forbáth's entries stop here, but we know that the soldiers surrender and are sent to Siberia as prisoners of war. The Hungarian soldiers endured so much because they knew that the fort at Przemysl was the gateway to Hungary for the invading Russians. Their heroism became legendary.

The second half of this diary, September 5, 1915 to October 20, 1915, is written in German and in stenography. Forbáth writes on top of his earlier entries, reversed, and starting from the back.

People mentioned:

  1. Asimus
  2. Bednar
  3. Colonel
  4. Czapka
  5. Daver
  6. Epstein
  7. Ferenczy
  8. Fernchich
  9. Fieber
  10. Fliger (Captain)
  11. Habermann
  12. Hashinger
  13. Herbst
  14. Jausz
  15. Kisiliewski
  16. Krause
  17. Kreische
  18. Kusmarek, Herman
  19. Lonal
  20. Ludwig
  21. Makrai
  22. Mansfeld
  23. Milzer, Pista
  24. Nagy
  25. Nendtvich
  26. Nyiri, Ferenc
  27. Ordogh, Antal
  28. Országh
  29. Pechanek
  30. Prokopy
  31. Richnowsky (Captain)
  32. Schafer
  33. Schaumberger
  34. Scherer
  35. Schwalb
  36. Schwartz
  37. Seidel
  38. Srocziszki
  39. Tamássy
  40. Tapay
  41. Theodorovics
  42. Vásárhelyi
  43. Vegh, Guido
  44. Vidas
  45. Werkfehrnelf
  46. Wodraschka


Box 1 Journal 8:, April 13, 1916 - August 12, 1916

Description: The diary is written in German stenography and is not deciphered


Box 1 Journal 9:, June 3, 1919 - July 24, 1920

No journals survive from the three preceding years. We can reconstruct the events of this period from recollections spread throughout Forbáth's later journals. The prisoners of war from Przemysl were first taken to Tobol'sk in Siberia, then to the city of Petropavlovsk. Forbáth escapes (according to the March 6, 1920 journal entry). His friend, Beck, escapes in the same way. Eight months after the Bolshevik Revolution, Forbáth is still living in Moscow. The story of his captivity is written in German stenography in journal 8. He translates it into Hungarian, adds the story of his escape, binds it together with a Bible and photographs, and presents it to his son, Tamás, as a gift in 1928. He writes it out again in 1936 with the title "Diary of a prisoner of war," hoping to publish it in England with the help of Samuel Hoare. Hoare has to deal with an unexpected political development, preventing him from meeting Forbáth.

In this journal, Forbáth reports that his fellow prisoners Epstein and Tivadar Krause are still in Russia. He discovers that a box of his writings was left in a house at Upranskaja Ulica 64 in Petropavlovsk by A. G. Benzion, under the name F. Dezso.

Imre Forbáth arrives back in Hungary from captivity just as war veterans are being called back to service. Forbáth is asked to perform office work. He feels no sense of belonging to either of the two sides, right or left. He draws up a plan to change the peace treaty in Hungary's favor, with regards to the Danube as a natural boundary.

The Fifth District Military Soviet wants Forbáth's engineering office. They put strangers into every room of the family's apartment. He has no work. Due to the administrative chaos, nobody pays for his previous work. He is still a member of the Community Work Committee, but he stops attending meetings during the Soviet period.

On November 2, 1919, Forbáth's second daughter, Zsuzsi, is born.

On July 14, 1920, the Siberian prisoners of war return to Hungary; many thousands of people await them at the Eastern Train Station.Világmagazine interviews Imre Forbáth about the port of Csepel. In Közlöny, Forbáth's very sick younger brother publishes an article "On responsibility for the money distributed during the Soviet republic." Forbáth's family has to turn to the American Relief Administration for help buying food. A family member who owns a textile factory in Kispest takes him on as a director.

The journal has many references to "secret armed forces that attack Jews." The attackers force Jews to take an oath to leave their house, city, and country, and never come back.

Places mentioned:

  1. Moscow
  2. Tobol'sk

People mentioned:

  1. Barczy
  2. Bartok
  3. Beck, Jozsi
  4. Becsey
  5. Benko (comrade)
  6. Bogdanffy
  7. Buday
  8. Clark, George
  9. Csastkoczy
  10. Cseley, István
  11. Dienes
  12. Dubszky
  13. Epstein
  14. Farkas, Kalman
  15. Feherváry
  16. Ferbert
  17. Fleishman, Laszlo (Dr.)
  18. Garami
  19. Haubrich
  20. Herz
  21. Országh, Imre
  22. Joo, István
  23. Szoke, Joska
  24. Jozsef Hirling;
  25. Karman, Todor
  26. Keller, Andor
  27. Kery
  28. Kramjansky
  29. Krassay, Jeno
  30. Krause
  31. Laki, Imre
  32. Lovaszy
  33. Makay (comrade)
  34. Markus, Jeno
  35. Mihelfy
  36. Payer
  37. Potok, Armin
  38. Reinitz
  39. Revesz
  40. Schrerer
  41. Seifeld, Sandor
  42. Sugar, Vilmos
  43. Szilas
  44. Tapay
  45. Vago
  46. Varga
  47. Vásárhelyi, Dezso
  48. Vazsonyi, György Lukács
  49. Vazsonyi, István Szabo
  50. Zarka

Writings of this period:

  1. A Duna- kerdes és a Bekekotes (Danube Question and the Peace Agreement)
  2. A Proletar Diktatura Tortenete(History of the Hungarian Soviet Republic)
  3. Budapest szabadkikötő(Budapest Free Port), Lloyd
  4. Frage des Freihafen für Budapest(Question of Freeports for Budapest)
  5. Hadifoglyok házahozatala(Bringing home the War- Prisoners), Lloyd
  6. Munkaskerdesrol, Kozmunkak(On the Question of Work, Community Labors), Magyarország
  7. Szabadkikötők(Free Ports), Encyclopedia Britannica
  8. Zamard(Zamard), Stadtebau

Works of this period:

  1. Canalization Plans of Esztergom
  2. Expert in the canalization of Nagyteteny
  3. Expert in the canalization of Duna-Tisza



Box 2 Journal 10:, July 25, 1920 - May 7, 1922

Forbáth still writes about atrocities committed against the Jews. The Soviet republic's leaders are executed. Jenő Lipocz becomes prime minister. Vilmos Hilbert recommends a census of the Jewish population. The Christian national parties come to power, led by Ottokár Prohászka.

Forbáth does not want to take part in political life ever again. Unable to get work, he has to sell off his shares. His private practice has been closed for seven years. In the Gresham coffee house, the Saturday Engineering Community meets regularly.

The Foresta Corporation hires Forbáth to work in its operations cutting down forests in Romania. Later, the Nitrogen Company in Diciosanmartin asks him to take over its factory and save it from liquidation. In March 1921, the bankrupt factory's chief director, Károly Koch, resigns. Forbáth takes his position. The next 17 years of his life are spent saving and consolidating the factory, raising it to the international level. Originally within the borders of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy, the factory had a contract with the monarchy's Ministry of War. Following the Treaty of Trianon, Diciosanmartin has become part of Romania, and the Romanian Ministry of War wants to take over the factory. It is far larger than any similar operation in Romania, and the Romanians are convinced that the Hungarian government must be in control behind the scenes. Imre Forbáth, a citizen of Hungary, has to find a way to run a factory in Romania. He has to defend himself against the Romanian government, which targets him from the beginning. The case between the Nitrogen Company and the Romanian Ministry of War drags on for years.

Imre Forbáth does business with Baron Willman and Dr. Freud (Austrian Minister of National Affairs), selling them nitrogen. He travels to Dresden, Berlin, Cologne, Frankfurt, Rotterdam, London, Belgrade, Sofia, Paris, Nagyszeben, Fogaras, Brasso, and Prague. Soderberg electrodes are used in the Nitrogen Factory.

In September 1921, he has a reunion with his fellow ex-prisoners of war in the Bristol Restaurant.

Edgar Milhaud, founder ofLes Annales de la Régie Directe,sends Forbáth a letter from Geneva, asking him to be the Hungarian correspondent for the paper. Forbáth declines, giving the opportunity to one of his friends.

The Regulation Plans of the Danube at Belgrade won second place.

On November 25, 1921, his son, Tamás Forbáth is born.

Places mentioned:

  1. Belgrade
  2. Berlin
  3. Brasso
  4. Cologne
  5. Dresden
  6. Fogaras
  7. Frankfurt
  8. London
  9. Nagyszeben
  10. Paris
  11. Prague
  12. Romania
  13. Rotterdam
  14. Sofia

People mentioned:

  1. Agoston, Bekenyi
  2. Baffe
  3. Balogh (Engineer)
  4. Dachler
  5. Deutsch, Dezso
  6. Enescu
  7. Gyarmaty, Victor
  8. Harver
  9. Haubrich
  10. Hollosi
  11. Katona Rubovits , Mark
  12. Koch, Karoly
  13. Kommesman (Dr.)
  14. Kornfeld, Pal
  15. Kovacs, Geza
  16. Kramer, Jeno
  17. Kriesch, Al.
  18. Mikes, Camilla
  19. Orban, Ignac
  20. Rez, Richard
  21. Sandor, Janos
  22. Shabatiel
  23. Skin, Emil
  24. Stahelin (Dr.)
  25. Starcea
  26. Tacken (Dr.)
  27. Tornyai-Schopburger
  28. Vadasz, Sandor
  29. Vajda, Zs.
  30. Vantus
  31. Ziry

Writings of this period:

  1. A Nagylaki hatarkerdes(Question of the Nagylak Border; Note to the Consulate)
  2. A Zamardi furdotelep szabalyozasa(Regulation of the Baths of Zamardi), Städtebau
  3. Belgrad szabalyozasi terve(Plans on the Regulation of Belgrade)
  4. Budapesti kikötők(Ports of Budapest), Le Danube International
  5. Städtebau: Antant 1(City Building: Entente, 1), Lloyd
  6. Städtebau nach dem Kriege 2(City Building after the War, 2), Lloyd
  7. Újvidéki víz és csatorna(Water Supply and Canalization of Újvidék), Gesundheit Ingenieur

Works of this period:

  1. Expert on Wagner Factory
  2. Expert on the Canalization of Nagyteteny
  3. Reconstruction of the Waterworks of the Danube at Szentendre
  4. Water Power Plant on the Danube at Moson


Box 2 Journal 11:, July 10, 1922 - November 4, 1924

In 1922, the board of directors of the Nitrogen Factory of Diciosanmartin resigns. The new board consists of Baron Paul Kornfeld and Kovács from Pest; Stein and Buchler on behalf of the Commerce Bank in Budapest; Goldfinger and Forbáth on behalf of the factory; two Dutchmen; four Romanians (one of them Dr. Joseph Boila); and one German (Alfred Herzfeld). The same year, they start a new chlorine factory and later, an ammonium sulfate factory.

Outlets for the sale of the company's carbamids are found in London, Hagen, Amsterdam, Rotterdam, Hamburg, Berlin, Cologne, Brussels, Bucharest, and Budapest.

Imre Forbáth's partners are: Acetylea, Vienna; Nitrogen Fertilizer Company, Belgium; Bayer Stickstoffwerke, Berlin; Thorn & Hadick Company, London; Bohm & Company, Berlin; Hirsh Kupfer and Metall AG, Berlin; Camindo, Berlin; Krauss Pachmann AG, Cologne; Kochler, Leipzig; Williem H. Miler, Hagen; Hamer & Les Pelzenburg, Amsterdam, Brussels; Klaber, Budapest; Hungaria Műtrágyagyár, Budapest.

A trial takes place concerning the Nitrogen Factory's fertilizer. A Belgian company claims that Forbáth's company cannot sell cyanide because it does not have a patent for it. In fact, Forbáth has purchased rights from the patent's owner, who lives in Cologne. He countersues the Belgian company.

To become independent of currency fluctuations, Forbáth makes a deal with the Hungarian sugar industry that provides him with a steady supply of Dutch guilders. He negotiates with banks for the best rates on loans. For banks, the greatest risk factor is that the factory is in Romania.

In 1924, all the factory directors in Europe meet to found a Carbide Syndicate. Dr. Wicklein performs an experiment, attempting to replace calcium chloride with nitrogen chloride. The case between Romania and Forbáth is still going on. The Romanian government wants a 200 million lei share and a 60-40 percent ratio in its favor. Until they reach an agreement, every government benefit, such as tax breaks, will be withheld. Forbáth has to prove that this request by the Romanian government is unlawful and exaggerated, and that the Hungarian government was never a shareholder of the Nitrogen Company.

People mentioned:

  1. Beck, Jozsi
  2. Berger
  3. Bohm, Thab (Dr.)
  4. Camindo
  5. Constantinus, Tanced
  6. Dounth (Dr.)
  7. Drailo
  8. Egri
  9. Ellinger
  10. Frank (Dr.)
  11. Goldfinger
  12. Hajdu, Arthur (Dr.)
  13. Hemelsnet
  14. Hoddle
  15. Hysgo
  16. Jorda
  17. Jovanovics
  18. Kejlinger, Mihaly
  19. Keller
  20. Monoilescu
  21. Pierson, Alard
  22. Pierson, Allan
  23. Reinitz
  24. Rochmann, Pal.
  25. Romanesca, Bea
  26. Rosenberg (Dr.)
  27. Schwarz
  28. Sezitovszky
  29. Siebner (Dr.)
  30. Stefanescu
  31. Stein
  32. Stelian, Toma
  33. Suter
  34. Thoray
  35. Thusling (Dr.)
  36. Tybergheim
  37. Vajda
  38. Waldeek (Dr.)
  39. Wasserman (Dr.)
  40. Wicklei (Dr.)
  41. Zacharia (Professor)
  42. Zsiray, Miklos


Box 2 Journal 12:, November 7, 1924 to May 17, 1927

The Nitrogen Company's attempt to fight nationalization continues. Imre Forbáth seeks loans and hopes to improve the credit rating of the company. He does business with the Creditul Industrial of Bucharest. The Nitrogen Factory is working at 50% capacity, which means that one wagon of carbide and four wagons of nitrogen are produced daily. The Romanian Industrial Ministry agrees to the contract that Forbáth made two years previously with Matos. In Diciosanmartin, an International Chemical Congress is organized.

The Nitrogen Factory contacts the Zurich company Nitrum AG about building a sodium nitride factory, which would use a common method in which aluminum and ammonia are derived from ammonium nitride, and about the recycling of brown coal and tar. Delegates from Hagen, Amsterdam, and Vienna push for a world trade treaty on cyanide, which would keep American companies out of the European market. This is unsuccessful because the Americans are already behind the Bavarian company. The American Cyanide Company is a growing force in Europe.

In 1925, the world's leading companies come together in the courtroom of the Bayerische Stickstoff Werke. They are already discussing the idea of cooperating with the Americans. The Americans want to buy Forbáth's Belgian operation.

The Carbamide Syndicate in Vienna talks about the Egyptian market. The world's companies agree to establish the Fertilizer Sales Company, located in London. In half a year, a world organization is formed, originally established to fight the Americans, but in the end unable to do without American funds. The Cartel opens a common sales office in Rotterdam.

Forbáth's business is a success; the Nitrogen Factory has been consolidated, and half of all the production for the next five years has been sold. In addition to the Syndicate, the company makes Romanian, Hungarian, Czechoslovak, Italian, and Greek sales.

Forbáth's other great business success is the sale of the Szurdics brick factory. He wants to start a new private engineering practice again, so he applies to the Engineers' Chamber. He is asked to take on the directorship of the Hungarian Commerce Bank, but he turns it down.

He talks with O'Daniel and Strowell about an American loan and cooperation with the New York cyanide factory. He is thinking about selling shares.

People mentioned:

  1. Adolf, Otto
  2. Alpar, Ignac
  3. Angello
  4. August Weyl (Dr.)
  5. Averescu
  6. Banki, Donath
  7. Barnauer
  8. Becsey
  9. Beothy, Laszlo
  10. Beregi, Bela
  11. Bratianu
  12. Buch
  13. Buchler
  14. Caro
  15. Caso, Ratz
  16. Chatel
  17. Colener
  18. Constantinidis, Peter
  19. Cox
  20. Csosz, Imre
  21. Decsey, Toni
  22. Dimitrescu
  23. Doroki, Ervin
  24. Endrody, Gyula
  25. Frang (Professor)
  26. Gisser, Gyula
  27. Goldfinger
  28. Grant, Thorn
  29. Haining
  30. Harkanyy
  31. Hevesy, Rabbi
  32. Hevesy, Sandor
  33. Hopfgartner
  34. Horvath, Lipot
  35. Kefener
  36. Kovacs, Geza
  37. Kovacs, Sebestyen Aladar
  38. Krapner
  39. Kraszaer
  40. Lansky
  41. Lichermann (Dr.)
  42. Lorant
  43. Malinoff
  44. Mangold (Dr.)
  45. Nane
  46. O'Daniel
  47. Odon Stern (Dr.)
  48. Pasons
  49. Patak
  50. Popoch
  51. Prasole
  52. Preszlenyi, Aladar
  53. Reiter
  54. RicardoJualino
  55. Roddling
  56. Rosenbaum
  57. Salusinszky, Ruttai
  58. Sanor, Pal
  59. Simko
  60. Simonovits
  61. Srazil
  62. Stefanescu
  63. Stein
  64. Stem, Odon (Dr.)
  65. Strettler
  66. Strowell
  67. Tagore, Mahalanobil Rabindranat
  68. Terrace
  69. Thomanek
  70. Thomond, Erno
  71. Tolnay
  72. Torok, Éva
  73. Vajda, György (Dr.)
  74. Vajda-Vacood, Sandor
  75. Vanyi, Dezso
  76. Vida
  77. Volentine
  78. Weinstein, Lazari
  79. Wolf, Ulman
  80. Zielinszky, Szilard

Writings of this period:

  1. Wohnungsbauten der Stadt Wien (Building of Apartments in Vienna), Lloyd

Works of this period:

  1. Water Supply of the Goldberger Factory in Obuda
  2. Canalization of Szeged


Box 2 Journal 13:, May 18, 1927 - February 29, 1929

The international nitrogen market is in depression. The Bayerische Stickstoffwerke and the Aluminium Company leave the Cartel. Imre Forbáth renews the Nitrogen Factory's contract with the Fertilizer Sale Company in Paris for an additional ten years, with new conditions. The Nitrogen Factory itself will no longer export, except to Hungary, Romania, and Czechoslovakia. In Trieste, the Sulfide's director wants to buy the new electrode method used in Diciosanmartin. The factory's engineer, Andor Leopold, asserts that the method is his property, and licenses it in his own name. The factory signs a contract with him. Ferdinand, King of Romania, dies. A series of changes occurs in the Romanian government. Manoilescu is tried on charges of intriguing for Prince Carol to become king, but is acquitted. The Romanian ministry demands money from the Nitrogen Factory, but Forbáth proves, using old records, that the previous Romanian government actually owed money to the Company. He collects the money from the new Ministry of War. Two Dutch creditors take over the Szurdics Factory. A new idea arises: licensing the Nitrogen Factory as a Hungarian-Romanian joint company, with the Romanian half under the control of the Ministry of War. In 1927, there are widespread strikes in Vienna to protest the verdict in the Schattendorf trial. Forbáth is in Vienna at the time street violence breaks out.

In 1928, Lajos Hatvany returns to Hungary from exile by his own choice. He is put on trial for articles he wrote from 1920 to 1922, published in the Jövő in Vienna. He receives seven years imprisonment, and a 50,000 pengő fine.

Imre Forbáth finds aMátyás Codexminiature in a library in Brussels. He writes a letter to Petropavlovsk, where his fellow ex-prisoners of war left his papers. In 1928, he writes the story of his Siberian captivity, and binds it with a few photographs and a Bible from Siberia. He gives it to his son, Tamás, as a present.

People mentioned:

  1. Balog
  2. Blytka
  3. Bralianu
  4. Constantinidis
  5. Drachler
  6. Egry, Aurel
  7. Gaal, Mozes
  8. Goldfinger
  9. Greiner, Colos and Hugo
  10. Horvath, Lipot
  11. Jacoby, Andor (Dr.)
  12. Kornfeld (Count)
  13. Kovacs, Geza
  14. Kramer
  15. Rohonyi
  16. Simontsich
  17. Stein ,Emil
  18. Stern, Gyula
  19. Szitovszky
  20. Tilny
  21. Torok, Emil
  22. Vajda
  23. Vida, Jeno
  24. Weiss, Fulop
  25. Wilchelm, Karoly (Dr.)

Writings of this period:

  1. "Diary of a Prisoner of War" (about the history of his Siberian captivity and his escape)

Works of this period:

  1. Goldberger Factory in Obuda
  2. Wespag Textile Mill



Box 3 Journal 14:, February 15, 1929 - October 27, 1930

In the nationalization trial, the Nitrogen Company of Diciosanmartin stands against the Romanian Ministry of Interior Affairs. The question in dispute is whether there is a successor to the Austro-Hungarian Ministry of War. Forbáth learns that the Austro-Hungarian Ministry of War still exists in Vienna as a liquidation authority; therefore, there is no successor. The defense bases its case on this fact. The trial takes much time and energy, but on the first degree, the court decides in Forbáth's favor. Manoilescu wants to get rid of all the Hungarian owners. The concerned parties begin to discuss the possibility of Romania buying out the Hungarians' shares in the company.

The structure of the company, including its liaison with the Romanian government, is so efficient that Imre Forbáth is able to direct affairs from his office in Budapest. Forbáth continues to be the international representative of the Nitrogen Factory. He goes to international Cartel and Syndicate meetings in Munich, Berlin, Hamburg, Dortmund, Paris, Strasbourg, Vienna, and Bucharest. The Nitrogen Pact of August 1930 is the biggest industrial pact ever at the time

The Romanian and Russian gas industries are beginning to advance greatly.

Zeppelins land in Budapest. The International Building Conference and Fair, the Nurnberg Fair, and the Poster Fair open in Budapest. A competition is announced for the planning of Erzsébet Boulevard and for the statue of István Tisza. On Saint Imre Day, the Ecclesiastical History Show opens. After the ceremony, large numbers of people want to protest against unemployment, but the government prohibits the demonstration by the time the workers arrive on the streets. The Social-Democratic leadership demonstrates its power.

The Hungarian nitrogen market drops fifty percent due to the hardships of Hungarian agriculture. The Nitrogen Factory hands over Hungarian sales to the Szuperfoszfat Company, which is now under the direction of Krapner, also a director of the Nitrogen Factory. There is a discussion with a Swiss group about the possibility of selling the Nitrogen Factory.

Forbáth's construction plans for Bratislava win an international prize. All the newspapers write about Imre Forbáth winning his eighth international prize. Dr. Antal Szego wants to publish the biographies of the three hundred most important Hungarian Jews in the fiftieth edition of the magazineEgyenloseg.Imre Forbáth would be one of them.

People mentioned:

  1. Balla, Pal
  2. Balog
  3. Berczely
  4. Bernhardt, Tibor
  5. Berta
  6. Bodnar
  7. Boila
  8. Bonis, Feri
  9. Botka
  10. Brunovszky, Pal
  11. Christescu, Vitnile
  12. Cox
  13. Csaszkoczy
  14. Dachler
  15. Danken
  16. Davidis
  17. Delen
  18. Deutsch, Lajos
  19. Dierbauer, Vigil
  20. Dindra
  21. Dori, Otto
  22. Dragominescu
  23. Duzy
  24. Ehrensperger
  25. Elias
  26. Farago
  27. Farkas, Arpad
  28. Fischer, Erno (Dr.)
  29. Fodor, Janos
  30. Geszler
  31. Glickstalv
  32. Grueber
  33. Grunwald
  34. Gyoki (Dr.)
  35. Gyszi, Kadar
  36. Harren
  37. Heinau
  38. Hopfgartner
  39. Horvat, Lipot
  40. Jabeg
  41. Jasz, Dezso
  42. Kafsner
  43. Kanyy, Hugo
  44. Kelemen, Lajos
  45. Kornfeld, Pal
  46. Korosi, Marietta
  47. Kraffner
  48. Krapner
  49. Langfelder
  50. Lecher
  51. Leidenberger
  52. Lenard, Robert
  53. Lenki
  54. Lunzer
  55. Magyar, Misi
  56. Manoilescu
  57. Minnus, István
  58. Neumann, Janos
  59. Nizzola
  60. Nyari, Jeno
  61. O' Daniel
  62. Oppler
  63. Papházy
  64. Philipp
  65. Pollatschek, Eduard
  66. Popper, H.
  67. Potok
  68. Radovski
  69. Rapuch
  70. Reuss
  71. Richter (Dr.)
  72. Romulus, Brola
  73. Salminszky
  74. Sametz
  75. Schaffler
  76. Schenker
  77. Schwarz
  78. Spitzer
  79. Stein
  80. Storwell
  81. Strobl, Zsiga
  82. Szaray
  83. Szego
  84. Toifel
  85. Torok, Lajos
  86. Vajda, Alfred (Dr.)
  87. Vásárhelyi
  88. Vecsey
  89. Vest, Baron
  90. Veszi
  91. Vida, Jeno
  92. Vidrigi, Stan
  93. Warga
  94. Weiss, Fulop

Writings of this period:

  1. Internationale Stickstoffeinigung(International Nitrogen Pact), Lloyd
  2. Magyar Nitrogen Egyezmeny(Hungarian Nitrogen Pact), Lloyd
  3. Városrendezes cimszo megirasa a Guttenberg Lexicon szamara(City Planning: for the Guttenberg Lexicon), Christensen
  4. Zur Lage der Welt-Stickstoffindustrie(On the Situation of the World Nitrogen Industry), Lloyd

Public presentations of this period:

  1. Pozsony szabalyozasi terverol(On the Regulation Plans for Bratislava), Mérnökegylet

Works of this period:

  1. Ganz factory
  2. Goldberger factory
  3. Tata-Banhidai Water supply
  4. The Danube dam and its flood control


Box 3 Journal 15:, October 29, 1930 - May 30, 1932

The Swiss group steps back from the purchase of the Nitrogen Factory due to the failure of Creditanstalt. After the Nitrogen Factory trial, the Mironescu government falls.

Nitrogen prices fall in the worldwide market. The International Nitrogen Agreement ends, as does the collective office in London, European Export Company. The Carbide Syndicate survives. The contract with Solvay is renewed.

The Nitrogen Factory begins to provide electricity to Seta. Imre Forbáth continues to meet with Dr. Hiller and to discuss the possibility of producing bauxite. Forbáth travels to Paris, Munich, Vienna, Zurich, Berlin, and Bucharest.

Two-thirds of the workers are discharged from the Hungarian office due to the economic crisis. In 1931, the Baustellung Berlin Exhibition invites Forbáth to exhibit his city plans. He prepares plans for Antwerp, Brasso, Zamardi, Belgrade, Birmingham, and Bratislava. The German publicationDeutscher Gelehrter Kalenderwrites about Imre Forbáth in its third edition (1931).

In 1931, he begins to rewrite the diary he wrote in Russia while prisoner of war. That diary was written in German and in stenography, so it cannot be decoded except by him. The diary in stenography is the eighth diary in the collection.

People mentioned:

  1. Bachler
  2. Balog
  3. Baron, Tomi
  4. Bence, Gyula
  5. Bocke, Kalman
  6. Boni
  7. Csetenyi, Jozsef
  8. Dinda
  9. Fuchs
  10. Gelderen
  11. German
  12. Goldfinger
  13. Greiner, Sandor
  14. Halapy, Oszkar
  15. Harsanyi, Zsolt
  16. Henz
  17. Herceg, Peter
  18. Kafsner
  19. Kiss (Dr.)
  20. Kornfeld, Baron
  21. Kragsner
  22. Krauss
  23. Lany, Lajos (Dr.)
  24. Manoilescu
  25. Miller, Pali
  26. Paloczik
  27. Partos
  28. Philipp
  29. Poposh
  30. Rapor, Jeno
  31. Raprey
  32. Romanescu
  33. Ropoch
  34. Rosenbaumne
  35. Saffer, Misa
  36. Salusinszky, Gyula
  37. Sebestyen, Karoly
  38. Sionovits
  39. Stein
  40. Stockheim
  41. Szekeres, Margit
  42. Thomand
  43. Torok, Lajos
  44. Vajda
  45. Vida, Jeno
  46. Wehner, Jozsef (Dr.)
  47. Wittmann, Mihaly

Writings of this period:

  1. A modern mutragyagyartas problemai(Problems of Modern Chemical Fertilizer Production), Magyar Szemle
  2. A mutragya hatasa a Magyar buzara(Effects of Chemical Fertilizer on Hungarian Wheat), For Stiffstoff
  3. Dualism in Städtebau(Dualism in City Building), Monatshafte, Baukunst and Städtebau
  4. Hadifogolynaplo(Diary of a Prisoner of War)
  5. Pozsonyi terv(Plan of Bratislava), Közlöny

Public presentations of this period:

  1. A nemzetkozi Nitrogenkartell Fejlesztese(Expansion of the International Nitrogen Cartel)
  2. A Pozsonyi terv(Plan of Bratislava), Mérnök Egylet

Works of this period:

  1. Goldberger Factory
  2. Water supply of Cheora Kadisa Jewish Cemetery


Box 3 Journal 16:, May 30, 1932 - March 5, 1934

There are great expectations before the Economic Conference in Lausanne, but it does little to improve the situation. It is impossible to escape the economic depression without the cooperation of all European states. Workers have been let go and wages have been cut in Diciosanmartin and at the Budapest office. Sales of calcium cyanamide fertilizers, which have accounted for most sales for the past four to five years, are decreasing. Romanian sales have completely stopped, and Hungarian sales are minimal. The reason for this, besides the bad Hungarian agricultural situation, is the opening of the Fertilizer Factory in Pet, Hungary. On the other hand, sales of calcium carbamide, caustic potash, and electricity have increased. New profitable products include trichloroethylene, tetrachloride, chromates, hydrochloric acid, borax, ultramarine, and nitric acid. The Ministry of War is the biggest customer for nitric acid. Kerbs, a factory owner from Oslo, discusses the production of hydrogen-superoxide with Forbáth. There are also plans to manufacture gas. The Romanian Minister, Citatiune, countersues Forbáth for 1.5 million lei, which Romania has paid to the Nitrogen Factory in the form of coverage for losses.

The second degree verdict, in favor of Imre Forbáth, declares that Romania is not the successor of the Austro-Hungarian War Ministry. The lawyer defending Romania is Rosenthal; Forbáth's lawyers are Elias and Juniau. The Factory has to go through another trial, against its delegate, Marcu. There are conferences in Berlin about the rebirth of the Carbide Cartel, and in Paris, about the rebirth of the Calcium Cyanamide Cartel. In Hungary, there are restrictions on Romanian foreign exchange and imports. The office of international common sales, Super Export, is closing. Forbáth's office in Budapest is moving from 1 Jozsef Square to 7 Dorottya Street. In 1933, the first ever telephone conversation takes place between the Budapest office and Diciosanmartin.

The Przemysl Monument is unveiled in a square on the Buda side of the Margit Bridge, in memory of the prisoners of war from Przemysl who died in Russian captivity. The statue was given to the capital by Captain Tamássy, and accepted by Vice-Major Liber. The veterans, with General Domokos Lazar, parade in lines of four in front of the monument. The Hungarians advertise a competition for the anthem of Balaton.

People mentioned:

  1. Alerbst
  2. Bachmann
  3. Balazs, Peter
  4. Balogh, Vajda
  5. Bernstein(Dr.)
  6. Bock
  7. Bodin
  8. Boni, Feri
  9. Breaud
  10. Brokwode
  11. Brunner
  12. Caurbon, Mario
  13. Chorin, Ferenc
  14. Clurik
  15. Csaszkazy
  16. Denes, Imre
  17. Deuts, Lajos
  18. Deutsch, Erno
  19. Dottka
  20. Ekrest
  21. Epstein
  22. Erske
  23. Fabian
  24. Farkas, Heddi
  25. Ferenc, Pal
  26. Fleischer
  27. Frank
  28. Frank(Dr.)
  29. Freger
  30. Gandilleu
  31. Gaz
  32. Gilchrich
  33. Golderen, Max
  34. Goldfinger, Leo
  35. Hevesi (Rabbi)
  36. Hevesy, Sandor
  37. Hoffgarten
  38. Huy
  39. Karnitz-Fodor
  40. Kemenyi (Major)
  41. Kerbs
  42. Kornfeld, Pal
  43. Krafsner
  44. Krebs
  45. Krepler
  46. Lajos Nagy
  47. Lanczi, Boske
  48. Lang
  49. Libermann
  50. Lippay
  51. Magyar, Mihaly
  52. Mangold, (Pal)
  53. Meyer
  54. Muller, Pal
  55. Nemes, Olga
  56. O' Sebastian
  57. Ory
  58. Otvos
  59. Padovski, Bucher
  60. Parucz
  61. Patak
  62. Philipp
  63. Polski
  64. Polya, Lili
  65. Poth, Miklos
  66. Potok
  67. Proszerinmier
  68. Ramitz
  69. Riddersbuh
  70. Rittman
  71. Rodling
  72. Roman, Aurel
  73. Rozsa
  74. Ruckert
  75. Ruschman
  76. Russel
  77. Schenjer, Gyula
  78. Scherbel
  79. Schimitzek
  80. Schonberg, Arnol
  81. Spitzer
  82. Stein
  83. Szekely, Bela
  84. Szekely, Imre
  85. Szigeti, Pal
  86. Terrece
  87. Thomanek
  88. Tomasi
  89. Tricher
  90. Uzonyi, Bela (Dr.)
  91. Vajda(Dr.)
  92. Vecsey
  93. Vida
  94. Weiss
  95. Wild
  96. Wilhelm, Karoly (Dr.)
  97. Zador, István

Writings of this period:

  1. A Taban uj tervei(New Plans of Taban)
  2. Roma és Parizs tervezeserol(On the Planning of Rome and Paris), Pesti Naplo

Works of this period:

  1. Goldberg Factory


Box 3 Journal 17:, March 8, 1934 - February 5, 1936

The situation of the nitrogen market is improving in Romania; however, exports are still restricted. There are two new branches in the Nitrogen Factory, for the production of tiles and of synthetic ammonias and their derivatives. In the internal market, the demand for these products is so large that the factory plans to enlarge. The buildings surrounding the factory must also be expanded.

There are negotiations about the sale of the company to a group of buyers: Pager, Dragonieranu Buzescu, Constantinescu, Gigurtu, and Caramfil. Gigurtu is the Minister of Industry. This group buys the Nitrogen Factory on January 30, 1935. The contract is written by the lawyers Vajda and Domong. Though the Romanian Bank does not give permission for the transaction, negotiations go on. Because of the so called Incadrare Law, other problems arise around the factory. The law breaks up workers and administrators into seven groups. In each group, there can be a maximum of 205 foreigners, meaning Jews and Hungarians. In the group to which the Nitrogen Factory belongs, a ministerial committee has the right to fire anyone and appoint a new official. The ministry immediately fires and expels a Hungarian engineer. Imre Forbáth takes these trials calmly, while Romanian impatience with the Nitrogen Factory increases.

The case against the Ministry of War takes a new turn: in contrast to the last two verdicts, the highest court of cassation declares the Romanian War Office the successor of the Austro-Hungarian War Office. Forbáth appeals to the Tribunal Arbitral in Paris. Many trials and hearings follow.

There is a Carbide Cartel conference in Zurich and Rome and a Middle European Nitrogen meeting in Prague and Vienna. There is a Syndicate meeting in Paris. Forbáth sends a representative to the Berlin conference.

He is upset about the apathy of the world towards the persecution of the Jews. Forbáth is enthusiastic about Thomas Mann's letter on Nazi Germany, published in theZürcher Zeitung.Mussolini's speech is aired on the radio.

Forbáth visits the Hungarian Tile Factory. In Hungary, Horthy is chancellor and Gyula Gombos prime minister. Anti-Semitism is growing in the country.

After selling the Nitrogen Factory, Imre Forbáth wants to become a private engineer again. The National Association of Engineers elects him President of City Development in Budapest. He is also a delegate of the City Building Council to the Congress of Civil Engineering.

People mentioned:

  1. Buchler
  2. Danner (Dr.)
  3. Domonyi, Bator
  4. Epressi
  5. Fauser, Giacomo
  6. Feher, Pal
  7. Gigurtu
  8. Harrer
  9. Horthy
  10. Junian
  11. Kornfeld (Baron)
  12. Kovacs, Geza
  13. Krauu
  14. Kunz
  15. Magnus
  16. Maniu
  17. Nyari
  18. Papp
  19. Schiffer
  20. Simonkovics
  21. Sipos
  22. Stein
  23. Toszegi
  24. Vajda(Dr.)
  25. Viforeanu

Writings of this period:

  1. A Kispesti Munkasnegyed Fotere(Main Square of the Workers' District in Kispest), Magyar Epitomuveszet
  2. A Taban rendezesi terve(Organization and Plan of Taban), Self-published, Bucharest; Lloyd

Works of this period:

  1. Wells of the Goldberger Factory in Obuda
  2. Budafok Plant: Design of the New Water Pump



Box 4 Journal 18:, February 6, 1936 - December 21, 1937

At the beginning of 1937, the Diciosanmartin Factory is still run by Imre Forbáth from his office in Budapest. After the long controversy with the Romanian government, the Nitrogen Factory is sold to the Romanians. On December 14, 1935, the assembly declares that the company's seat is being moved to Bucharest. The Budapest office is eliminated on May 1, 1936. After the factory is given to Romania, 14 out of 16 Jewish officials of the factory are fired, and most of the Hungarians as well. Imre Forbáth takes responsibility for the fired officials, allowing them to retire formally, and pays them rewards in the name of the former owners of the factory. Forbáth assigns a Hungarian assistant to the new director appointed by the Romanians.

The first million lei from the sale of the Nitrogen Factory arrives at the Credit Bank, but the contract signed in 1935 expires without the completion of the purchase. A new contract must be drawn up with Gigortu. The Romanian National Bank takes a long time to approve it.

Forbáth continues to represent the factory at International Cartel meetings in London, Berlin, and Paris even after it is sold. Before his London trip, Forbáth writes a letter to Samuel Hoare, in which he congratulates him on his book, The Fourth Seal. He would like to arrange a meeting to discuss the possibility of publishing his diary written in Siberia as a prisoner of war. Hoare replies warmly and invites him to London. Imre Forbáth arrives in London at the moment when Hoare is named First Lord of Admiralty, so their meeting has to be postponed.

A competition is announced for plans for the exhibition and market area in Vienna. Forbáth draws up a plan with the engineers Deli and Farago. They take third place, the only foreign plan given an award.

A group from the Commerce Bank negotiates with the Hungarian Government about the rental of the Port Authority in Csepel, with Forbáth joining the discussions. He is a leading figure of the Chamber of Engineers and of the press, involved in providing medical care and insurance to engineers. He wants to go back to teaching at the newly reorganized Technological University in Budapest.

  1. Achner
  2. Bachler, Lenke
  3. Balogh, Jozsi
  4. Bence
  5. Benes, Imre
  6. Berczlettig
  7. Berzenczey
  8. Bold, Adel
  9. Boldizsar
  10. Czako (Dr.)
  11. Czako, Bela
  12. Domony (Dr.)
  13. Drogomiennu
  14. Eggel
  15. Elek, Kato
  16. Engl (Dr.)
  17. Erdelyi, Natan
  18. Farkas, Naci
  19. Fenyes, Adolf
  20. Gal
  21. Gluckstal
  22. Gold, Frigyes
  23. Goldfinger
  24. Grunwald
  25. Halom, Margit
  26. Harrer
  27. Heltay, Jozsef
  28. Horthy, István
  29. Horvath, Lipot
  30. Hubert
  31. Karzate
  32. Krapner
  33. Maniu
  34. Marcselenyi
  35. Mery, Imre
  36. Mihailich
  37. Mihailik, Frigyes
  38. Morgesianu
  39. Okanyi, Andor
  40. Oppler
  41. Pap, Ferenc
  42. Popper, Gyorgy
  43. Quirin
  44. Rapuch
  45. Ravasz, Laszlo
  46. Revai
  47. Richter, Gedeon
  48. Ritz
  49. Rohringer
  50. Salusinszky
  51. Sandor, Pal
  52. Schiffer
  53. Schuller
  54. Simoncsics
  55. Szabo, Bela
  56. Szabo, Gusztav
  57. Szeben, Dezso
  58. Ubul
  59. Vajda, András
  60. Vajda, György
  61. Valentin
  62. Ver, Tibor
  63. Warga
  64. Wertner, Richard
  65. Wicklin
  66. Wigner
  67. Wittenberg

Presentations of this period:

  1. Bukarest ujjaepitese(Reconstruction of Bucharest)
  2. Vilagkiallitas Parizsban (World Fair in Paris)

Works of this period:

  1. Expert for the Capital's Waterworks Directory
  2. Extension of the Waterworks in Buda
  3. Pumps of the Goldberger Factory at the Danube
  4. Water Supply and Sewage in Újvidék


Box 4 Journal 19:, : December 21, 1937 - November 11, 1939

Imre Forbáth goes to Berlin for the first Carbide Cartel meeting. On the way back, he stops at Vienna, where he sees swastikas and Nazi banners everywhere. The synagogue is burned down and Jewish stores are vandalized and marked.

The Nitrogen Factory's February 15, 1938 meeting declares the factory's worth to be 11 million pengős. After the company is sold, the main office is relocated to Bucharest. Forbáth donates the factory's old plans to the Technical Museum of Budapest.

British Oxygen tries to dictate conditions for the carbide market. The second Cartel meeting ends in Paris. The meeting of the third Cartel is planned for Geneva on July 1, 1938. Imre Forbáth goes to this meeting with his seventeen-year-old son, Tamás. Afterwards, Imre goes to Paris while Tamás goes to London, where he takes an examination in English at the City of London College.

In the Technical University in Budapest, a National Drinking Water Conference is held and the National Common Health Institute is established. The World Fair opens, and an International Eucharistic Congress is held at the same time as the St. István Exhibition. Cardinal Pacelli leads the procession into Budapest, at the side of Horthy.

Keren Kajemeth's representative seeks out Forbáth to collect money for the purchase of Palestinian lands. Jewish refugees from Austria and Germany ask for Forbáth's help. Emigration from the country is more and more frequent.

In 1938, the First Jewish law comes into effect, restricting the number of Jews in the professions and in commercial enterprises to twenty percent. The Jews are being shut out of Hungarian society. Imrédi is forced to resign when it is found that one of his great-grandparents was Jewish. The new Prime Minister, Pál Teleki, pushes through the Second Jewish Law, even harsher and more restrictive than the First. He announces the return of Kárpátalja (Subcarpathia) to Hungary. Military conscription is re-introduced. Young Jews are leaving the country by the thousands. Imre Forbáth discusses these events with his son, Tamás, and wants to send him abroad. After finishing high school on July 12, 1939, Tamás leaves for the Royal College in London, where he prepares for the science examination in the summer. Many young British men have applied to the same college this year, because of conscription; a Royal College degree will automatically make them officers. Feeling he will have a better chance elsewhere, he transfers to the faculty of technology of the University of Manchester.

Forbath won a Third Place for the Plans for the Exhibition and Market Area in Vienna

People mentioned:

  1. Agotay
  2. Archer, Pal
  3. Aschner, Pal
  4. Aurel, Egry
  5. Babianu
  6. Balint, Emma
  7. Balint, Jozsef
  8. Barabas, Andon
  9. Bcher, Lenke
  10. Bece
  11. Benes, Imre
  12. Bereczelli
  13. Bruck, Tamás
  14. Cariaes (Professor)
  15. Desseffy, Miklosne
  16. Dinda
  17. Dipscher, Istvánne
  18. Domony
  19. Drajomiseanu
  20. Drinda
  21. Epstein
  22. Farkas, Naci
  23. Fekete, Sandorne (Dr.)
  24. Ferko Boni
  25. Fleischmann (Dr.)
  26. Forbáth, Sandor (Dr.)
  27. Frank
  28. Frazer (Miss)
  29. Fuhrer, Miklos
  30. German (Dr.)
  31. Gerna
  32. Gluckothal
  33. Grumer
  34. Grunwald
  35. Gyeresi, Gabor
  36. Halom
  37. Harrer
  38. Hatvany, Lajos
  39. Hollosy, Odon
  40. Horvth, Lipot
  41. Icheiser
  42. Kapri (Baron)
  43. Krapner
  44. Lobeger
  45. Magyarkallay Miksa
  46. Marffy
  47. Mikus, Manci
  48. Murgusiau
  49. Nagy, Zsiga
  50. Neumann, Janos
  51. Noldy
  52. Okanyi, András
  53. Oppler
  54. Pajor (Dr.)
  55. Picler, Henrik
  56. Polya, Tibor
  57. Pompery, Elemer
  58. Popper, Edit
  59. Rapoch
  60. Richter, Gedeon
  61. Rocheri, Charlie
  62. Rogi, Frank
  63. Rudko
  64. Saluiszky
  65. Spiero
  66. Stein, Emil
  67. Szechenyi, Balint
  68. Szego
  69. Tamás, Arpad
  70. Ungvar, Imre
  71. Vajda
  72. Vikar, Geza
  73. Viovai, Robert
  74. Vlentin
  75. Weiss, Fulop
  76. Wigner

Writings of this period:

  1. Belgradi Városkozpont(Belgrade's Downtown), Ter és Forma
  2. Bibliography of Imre Forbáth by Dr. Palfy-Endre Budinszky
  3. Epulo Buda(Building Buda), Budai Naplo
  4. Imre Forbáth's biography and his picture,Köpfe (The Head) publishes, Neue Freie Presse
  5. Interview with Imre Forbáth in Budai Naplo
  6. Margit koruti epitkezesekrol(On the Building of the Margit Beltway), Budai Naplo
  7. Megjegyzesek a várbeli Julian Szobor felirataihoz(Comments on the Inscriptions on the Julian Statue at the Castle), Budai Naplo
  8. Pozsony Kispesti Foter,Bratislava, Kispest's Main Square, Ter és Forma
  9. Uj epitesi szabalyok(New Rules on Building), Budai Naplo
  10. Városepites Torokországban(City Building in Turkey), Vallalkozok Lapja
  11. Wien Ausstellungspläne(Plans for the Exhibition Area in Vienna), Ter és Forma
  12. Zur Frage ders Taban Hotels(On the Question of the Hotels in Taban), Ter és Forma

Public presentations of this period:

  1. Building Buda
  2. New Rules on Building
  3. Vilagkiallitasok Parizsban (World Fairs in Paris), Lipotvárosi Kamara

Works of this period:

  1. Expert on the Water Supply for the Paper Factory in Szentendre
  2. Expert on the Water Supply of the Csepel Cellulose Factory
  3. First Drafts of the Danube Waterworks in Obuda
  4. Goldberg Factory's Water Supply
  5. Watering and Canalization of Újvidék


Box 4 Journal 20:, November 12, 1939 - December 20, 1941

In 1939, Imre Forbáth obtains his parents' and grandparents' papers, which prove that the family has lived in Nyitra, Hungary since 1815. The entire Hungarian population is being compelled to produce similar proofs.

The Budapest office of the Nitrogen Factory is liquidated. Due to the war, the Cartel is abolished. The factory in Diciosanmartin continues its liquidation process. Forbáth and Dr. Vajda give the records of the Nitrogen Factory to Bucharest. There is an accidental explosion in the Chlorine Factory in Zernest, resulting in a large number of casualties.

At the end of September 1939, Washington announces the Sixteenth International Builders' Conference. Forbáth sends a contribution on the theme "The Relationship between Population Density and Buildings." He is invited to the conference but is unable to attend due to the war.

People mentioned:

  1. Ag, Peti
  2. Bauer
  3. Bence, Gyla
  4. Berczelli
  5. Borbas, Lajos
  6. Deli
  7. Dreitner, Erich
  8. Emigrants
  9. Farago
  10. Ferencz, Pali
  11. Gelieren, Mark, van
  12. Gombos, Laszlo
  13. Harry
  14. Heves, Bandi and Pityu
  15. Horvath, Lipoth (and family)
  16. Krefonerni (and daughter)
  17. Mezei, Veronika
  18. Molnar, Imre (Dr.)
  19. Okanyi, András
  20. Oppler, Pista (family)
  21. Opples, Emil
  22. Papp, Lilly (and her husband)
  23. Pogany, Bela (family)
  24. Polya, Jancsi (family)
  25. Popock
  26. Riemes, Jozsi
  27. Schwarz, Alfred (family)
  28. Szentgyorgyi (Professor)
  29. Torok
  30. Ullmann
  31. Vadasz
  32. Vajda
  33. Viray, Imre
  34. Walkiden
  35. Wolf, Nazi (Farkas, Naci)
  36. Wottitz

Works of this period:

  1. Waterworks Plan of the Danube for the Goldberger Factory at Obuda


Box 4 Journal 21: December 21, 1941 - December 25, 1943

The Office of Land Registry takes away Forbáth's orchard in Bugyi; however, the family rents it back from the government. Imre Forbáth's membership in the Board of Engineers ends. He loses his voting rights. He must fill out a survey about how his home can be shared, and about his Jewish origins. It has been 25 years since he returned from Siberian captivity. Dr. Arthur Kovacs, a fellow former prisoner of war, holds a gathering to remember their time in the Nikolok Ussurisk prison camp.

At the suggestion of one of his professors, Tamás Forbáth leaves England and travels to America because of the war. In 1942, he earns a B. S. in Chemical Engineering at Columbia University in New York. He is able to communicate with his family only very rarely. In Hungary, the male members of the Forbáth family are drafted for labor service. Tamás's former high school classmates write to Imre Forbáth for support. They have been in labor service in Transylvania for two years. They work barefoot, without blankets, coats, or food. One of them was the national high school champion in mathematics. Forbáth sends them financial aid. The Pro-Palestine Association also asks Forbáth for donations. Imre Forbáth does not have work during the war. He takes care of his properties and he serves as an air raid warden in his community. He tries to build new shelters. Forbáth is thinking about death. He reads texts from the Old and New Testaments. He looks for reasons for the tragic fate of the Jews. He has faith that the worst will never happen in Hungary. He believes that the following year will be a year of wise decisions.

People mentioned:

  1. Andor
  2. Balla, Pal
  3. Barta
  4. Bauer
  5. Bence
  6. Bencsik
  7. Bodnar
  8. Borbas, Lajos
  9. Dan
  10. Denes, Klara
  11. Farkas, Heidi
  12. Farkas, Naci
  13. Forro (Dr.)
  14. Fried, Pal
  15. Fritz, Jeno
  16. Gessler
  17. Glesinger, Emil
  18. Guszti, Alcsuty
  19. Harrer, Ferenc
  20. Heisler
  21. Herceg, Klara
  22. Herman, Lipot
  23. Katona
  24. Kemeny
  25. Klenovics
  26. Koranyi
  27. Kornfeld, Pal
  28. Kosa
  29. Krauzner
  30. Kunváry, Bella
  31. Laczko, Andor
  32. Lord
  33. Ludekes, Tiborne
  34. Magyar
  35. Mandl, Imre
  36. Markos, Viktor
  37. Merse, Pal
  38. Muller, Dora
  39. Nagy, Bela
  40. Okanyi
  41. Palocz, Bodog
  42. Patek
  43. Pekri, Geza
  44. Polya, Jeno
  45. Popper, Laci
  46. Proszvimer
  47. Puzios
  48. Rapech, Geza
  49. Rapeck, Andor
  50. Richter, Gedeon
  51. Roszvinner
  52. Sarkany, Feri
  53. Stein, Sandor
  54. Szabo, Guszti
  55. Szekely, Imre
  56. Szentirmay (Dr.)
  57. Talgay-Roth, Miklos
  58. Ullmann, Andor
  59. Vadasz
  60. Vecsey
  61. Virag (Professor)
  62. Weber, Tibor
  63. Wetzl
  64. ador

Writings of this period:

  1. A Budai Kilato ut(Road to the Look Out Tower at Buda), Budai Kronika (in the Emlekkonyv, which was left out due to paper shortages)
  2. Milliok evacualasara kepes város terve(About a City Capable of Evacuating Millions), Magyar Nemzet
  3. Városepites a haboru utan(City Building after the War)

Works of this period:

  1. Goldberger Factory


Inserts found in diaries


Box 4 Letter to Tamas, 11 November, 1941, Budapest (fragment, typescript), 11 November, 1941


Photographs


Box 4 Forbath, Imre, 1932


Box 4 Forbath, Imre with family, 1929


Box 4 Business card (with a holograph note)


Box 4 Book-Plate (with a holograph note on a back)