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Using the Collection
Note: some material may be restricted or offsite
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Series I: Chinese Industrial Cooperatives (CIC), 1938-1947
Series II: INDUSCO, Inc.: U.S. Materials, 1939-1952
Series III: China Aid Council (CAC): China Materials, 1938-1947
Series IV: United China Relief (UCR)/ United Service to China (USC): U.S. Materials, 1940-1950
At a Glance
Selected materials cataloged; remainder arranged.
This collection includes records from the Chinese Industrial Cooperatives (CIC, 工業合作社/工业合作社), China Aid Council (CAC, 美國援華會/美国援华会), and United Service to China (USC, formerly United Relief to China/URC, 美國援華聯合會/美国援华联合会/美國援華救濟聯合會/美国援华救济联合会). The records contain correspondence of individuals who participated in the cooperative and those associated with it; typewritten reports of sub-units to the parent organization; periodicals and other publications issued in Chinese by the three regional headquarters (the early ones are probably quite rare); publications in English by these headquarters and by American committees formed to aid in the movement; mounted photographs showing the work of the cooperatives and their leaders; albums of newspaper clippings on the movement, emanating from the U.S. and abroad; maps showing locations of cooperatives; pencil sketches and watercolors of cooperatives at work; and other material concerning this important organization which was largely responsible for China's ability to feed and clothe, and care for the people during the war.
1985 ADDITION: Correspondence, memos, and printed materials of Hugh Deane, including files on the revival of the CIC in the 1980s.
Using the Collection
Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Restrictions on Access
You will need to make an appointment in advance to use this collection material in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room. You can schedule an appointment once you've submitted your request through your Special Collections Research Account.
The following boxes are located off-site: 2-181. You will need to request this material at least three business days in advance to use the collection in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room.
This collection has no restrictions.
One box of cataloged correspondence, one wooden box of glass sides, and oversize materials (Flat boxes 539-552) are located on-site.
Terms Governing Use and Reproduction
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. The RBML maintains ownership of the physical material only. Copyright remains with the creator and his/her heirs. The responsibility to secure copyright permission rests with the patron.
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Indusco, Inc. records; Box and Folder; Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.
United China Relief Records, Manuscripts and Archives Division, The New York Public Library. Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundations.
United Service to China Records, MC135, Public Policy Papers, Department of Special Collections, Princeton University Library.
Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. Contact email@example.com for more information.
Transferred from the East Asian Library, 1966, 1981 (negative files), & 1983 (slides).
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Source of acquisition--Pruitt, Ida. Method of acquisition--Gift; Date of acquisition--1952. Accession number--M-1952.
Gift of Ida Pruitt, 1952-1956, 1974.
Gift of Hugh Deane, 1985.
Elizabeth Schiffman Files: gift of Dr. Jessica Schiffman
About the Finding Aid / Processing Information
Columbia University Libraries, Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Processed BRC 02/--/1985.
2009-06-26 xml document instance created by Carrie Hintz
2019-05-20 EAD was imported spring 2019 as part of the ArchivesSpace Phase II migration.
History / Biographical Note
Biographical / Historical
The Chinese Industrial Cooperatives (also known as the CIC, Gung-Ho, Indusco, Inc.; pinyin: Gongye Hezuoshe, Gonghe; Chinese: 中國工業合作協會/工業合作社/中国工业合作协会/工业合作社/工合) was a movement established in China by a group of westerners and Chinese activists, and was supported by Chinese citizens and politicians at the time to aid in industrial production during the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945). The CIC had three main headquarters (in northwest, southwest, and southeast China) to form the basis for small cooperative industries throughout the country, which in 1946 numbered 1,700 but which in 1948 had decreased to fewer than 500.