Rare Book & Manuscript Library
 

Frederick L. Hoffman Papers, 1881-1989

Summary Information

Abstract

Personal and professional correspondence, publications, poetry manuscripts and diaries, and scrapbooks belonging to Prudential Insurance Company statistician, cancer researcher, and eugenicist Frederick Ludwig Hoffman (1865-1946). These items document Hoffman's career, family life, and his extensive travels.

At a Glance

Call No.: MS#0601
Bib ID 4079536 View CLIO record
Creator(s) Hoffman, Frederick L. (Frederick Ludwig), 1865-1946
Title Frederick L. Hoffman Papers, 1881-1989
Physical Description 16 linear feet (38 boxes, 5 volumes)
Language(s) English , German .
Access

Boxes 2-38 of this collection are located off-site. You will need to request this material at least three business days in advance to use the collection in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room.

This collection has no restrictions.

Arrangement

Arrangement

This collection in arranged in four series and several subseries. Selected materials cataloged; remainder arranged.

Description

Scope and Contents

Personal and professional correspondence, publications, poetry manuscripts and diaries, and scrapbooks belonging to Prudential Insurance Company statistician, cancer researcher, and eugenicist Frederick Ludwig Hoffman (1865-1946). These items document Hoffman's career, family life, and his extensive travels. The collection also contains a small amount of material belonging to Hoffman's family members, as well as genealogical materials on the Hoffman, Hay, and Rigney families.

  • Series I: Correspondence, circa 1884-1946, undated

    Much of Hoffman's correspondence is composed of letters to three consecutive presidents of the Prudential Insurance Company reporting on his professional activities, which date from 1892 through 1926. Other correspondents include Hoffman's colleagues in public health and industrial safety research, as well as several other prominent eugenicists. Three boxes of correspondence with his wife, Ella Hay Hoffman, and a folder of letters from his mother are also included in this series. Additional correspondence belonging to Ella Hay Hoffman and other family members is located in Series IV.

  • Series II: Manuscripts and documents, 1881-1945, undated

    Series II contains Hoffman's diaries, an unpublished autobiographical manuscript, poetry manuscripts, travel itineraries, photographs, scrapbooks, and memorabilia. The texts of lectures given by Hoffman at Yale University in February 1916 and at Babson Institute between 1922 and 1925 are also included. Finally, there are three annual reports Hoffman submitted to the president of Prudential Insurance Company, dating from 1907, 1913, and 1917.

  • Series III: Publications, 1890-1968, undated

    Series III is primarily composed of publications by Hoffman. Hoffman published extensively in outlets ranging from medical and scientific journals, to insurance trade publications, to popular magazines and newspapers. The subjects of his publications were similarly varied. The majority deal with industrial safety and public health topics, especially the prevalence and mortality of cancer. Hoffman also used public health statistics to advocate for his belief in white supremacist racial hierarchy and eugenics; these themes appear frequently in his published work. Subseries III.2 contains clippings and publications about Hoffman, including his gifts to the libraries of Tulane University and the University of Pennsylvania. Subseries III.3 includes a small group of published materials neither by nor about Hoffman. Many are likely related to his interests in scientific racism and eugenics.

  • Series IV: Hoffman and Rigney family, 1885-1986, undated

    Series IV contains materials from the Hoffman, Hay, and Rigney families. Subseries IV.1 contains correspondence, notes, manuscripts, and printed matter of Ella Hoffman Rigney, daughter of Frederick L. Hoffman and founding director of the Raphael House, a shelter for single mothers experiencing homelessness, in San Francisco. Subseries IV.2 contains materials belonging to other family members, especially Hoffman's wife, Ella Hay Hoffman. Most of these items are of a personal nature, but there is substantial information about her involvement with the United Daughters of the Confederacy. There are also several genealogical charts and family histories documenting the lineage of the Hoffman and Hay families.

Using the Collection

Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Restrictions on Access

Boxes 2-38 of this collection are located off-site. You will need to request this material at least three business days in advance to use the collection in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room.

This collection has no restrictions.

Terms Governing Use and Reproduction

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. The RBML maintains ownership of the physical material only. Copyright remains with the creator and his/her heirs. The responsibility to secure copyright permission rests with the patron.

Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frederick L. Hoffman papers; Box and Folder; Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.

Related Materials

Frederick L. Hoffman Papers: A small group of Hoffman's personal papers, at Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana.

Medical and statistical data on American Indians: A collection of data collected by Hoffman in 1920. At the National Library of Medicine in Bethesda, Maryland.

Accruals

Gift of Francis J. Rigney, 1983, 1995, 2000.

Gift of Ella Hoffman Rigney, 1984-1986.

About the Finding Aid / Processing Information

Columbia University Libraries, Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Processing Information

Processed ELJ 05/15/1972.

1916 talks by FLH, etc Processed HR 07/08/2000.

The collection's creator was a prominent advocate of scientific racism and eugenics, and that was not mentioned in the original description. During remediation in June 2020, the front matter was revised significantly to provide a fuller account of his belief and activities. In addition, "Negro" was replaced with with "African American" everywhere except in titles, and subject headings added for eugenics, racism in the social sciences, and racism in medicine. Note that despite the absence of slurs, the finding aid includes original titles that reflect Hoffman's racist and eugenicist beliefs.

Materials were intellectually arranged into series at the same time the finding aid was converted to EAD. Related materials notes were also added. The box numbering scheme was revised to incorporate a previously un-numbered box at the beginning of the collection. Nothing in the collection was physically rearranged.

Separated Materials

Box 31 is missing.

Revision Description

2020-06-12 PDF finding aid converted to EAD by CLB.

Subject Headings

The subject headings listed below are found in this collection. Links below allow searches at Columbia University through the Archival Collections Portal and through CLIO, the catalog for Columbia University Libraries, as well as ArchiveGRID, a catalog that allows users to search the holdings of multiple research libraries and archives.

All links open new windows.

Genre/Form

Heading "CUL Archives:"
"Portal"
"CUL Collections:"
"CLIO"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
"ArchivedGRID"
Addresses Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Annual reports Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Articles Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Autobiographies (literary works) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Biographies (literary works) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Diaries Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Essays Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Genealogies (histories) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Inventories Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Itineraries Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Lectures Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Notebooks Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Pedigrees Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Photographs Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Reports Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Reviews (documents) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Statistics Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Surveys (documents) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
indexes (reference sources) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID

Subject

Heading "CUL Archives:"
"Portal"
"CUL Collections:"
"CLIO"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
"ArchivedGRID"
Auslander, Joseph, 1897-1965 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Bradford, Gamaliel, 1863-1932 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Cancer -- Research Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Creel, George, 1876-1953 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Economists Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Eugenics Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Hoffman, Ella Hay Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Insurance -- Statistics Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Leprosy -- Research Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Prudential Insurance Company of America Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Racism in medicine Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Racism in the social sciences Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Raphael House (San Francisco, Ca.) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Rigney, Ella Hoffman Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Rigney, Francis J (Francis Joseph), 1923- Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Scrapbooks Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Social workers Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Statisticians Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Tarbell, Ida M (Ida Minerva), 1857-1944 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
United Daughters of the Confederacy Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID

History / Biographical Note

Biographical note

Frederick L. Hoffman (1865-1946) was a statistician and third vice president of the Prudential Insurance Company, and an early investigator into the prevalence and causes of cancer. He was the first researcher to identify the relationships between diet, tobacco usage, and cancer. Hoffman's interest in mining and industrial safety also helped to improve working conditions in a variety of industries. However, the accuracy and value of his work were diminished by his staunch belief in scientific racism and eugenics.

Frederick Ludwig Hoffmann was born on May 2, 1865 in Varel, Germany. He emigrated to the United States in 1884, living first in Cleveland, Ohio, before moving to New Orleans, Louisiana, and then to Boston, Massachusetts, and Norfolk, Virginia. He changed the spelling of his last name, dropping the second N, in approximately 1890. He married Ella Hay, whom he had met in New Orleans, in 1891. They had seven children.

Hoffman's work was informed by and further promoted the ideologies of scientific racism and eugenics. He was hired by Prudential after publishing an article titled "Vital Statistics of the Negro" in the Boston magazine The Arena in April 1892. Hoffman expanded this piece into a book-length work called Race Traits and Tendencies of the American Negro, which was published by MacMillan in 1896. The book's claims--among which were that African Americans were especially susceptible to disease--were debunked the next year by W. E. B. DuBois and Kelly Miller, a mathematician and sociologist at Howard University. However, Prudential continued to use Hoffman's work to justify its practice of charging Black customers higher premiums. Hoffman likewise continued to publish and lecture on racist and eugenicist topics throughout his life.

Hoffman traveled extensively, collecting statistical data on health and safety-related issues, in addition to more unusual items. After he shipped 2000 pounds of the Rock of Gibraltar back to the United States in 1901, Prudential Insurance adopted the rock as its logo. Hoffman officially retired from Prudential in 1922, though he worked with the company as a consultant until 1935. He lectured at Yale University in 1916 and at the Babson Institute (now Babson College) in the 1920s. He was also a founding board member of the American Tuberculosis Association and a trustee of the American Cancer Society. Tulane University awarded him an honorary doctorate in 1911, and the American Cancer Society awarded him its Clement Cleveland medal in 1943.

Hoffman died in San Diego, California on February 23, 1946.

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Series I: Correspondence, circa 1884-1946, undated

Much of Hoffman's correspondence is composed of letters to three consecutive presidents of the Prudential Insurance Company reporting on his professional activities, which date from 1892 through 1926. Other correspondents include Hoffman's colleagues in public health and industrial safety research, as well as several other prominent eugenicists. Three boxes of correspondence with his wife, Ella Hay Hoffman, and a folder of letters from his mother are also included in this series. Additional correspondence belonging to Ella Hay Hoffman and other family members is located in Series IV.


Subseries I.1: Cataloged correspondence



Box 1 Auslander, Joseph


Box 1 Bradford, Gamaliel


Box 1 Creel, George


Box 1 Duffield, Edward D.


Box 1 Du Pont, Irénée


Box 1 Fels, Samuel S.


Box 1 Green, William



Box 12 Folder 1 Hoffman, F. L. to H. R. Graham, 12 March 1926, 1 item; (t.l.s.)



Box 1 Kaempffert, Waldemar B.


Box 1 Low, Benjamin R. C.


Box 1 Oliver, Sir Thomas


Box 1 Rockefeller, Nelson A.

Gift of Ella H. Rigney, 1984.


Box 1 Taft, William Howard


Box 1 Tarbell, Ida Minerva


Subseries I.2: Arranged correspondence, circa 1884-1946, undated


Box 1 Allen, Henry B.



Box 27 Armstrong, Frances Morgan, circa 1894-1946


Box 27 Armstrong, General William, circa 1894-1946


Box 27 Carruthers, Henry, circa 1894-1946


Box 27 Dryden, John F., circa 1894-1946



Box 1 Erskine, L.



Box 27 Fells, Samuel, circa 1894-1946



Box 1 Hartwell, John A.



Box 31 Haekel, Ernst



Box 1 Jones, Harold W.



Box 27 Lane, Sir Arthubut, circa 1894-1946



Box 1 [MacKenzie, J. R. P.?]


Box 1 Matas, Rudolph



Box 27 Matas, Rudolph, circa 1894-1946



Box 1 Meeker, George H.



Box 27 Oliver, Sir Thomas


Box 27 Speyer, James



Box 2 Bound volume of letters to the President, Mr. John F. Dryden, of the Prudential Life Insurance Company of America (Newark, New Jersey) from Frederick L. Hoffman, 1904-1910, 93 items

Topics include: Federal supervision of insurance, Government insurance, Hearings at Albany, N.Y., Insurance Legislation, Industrial Mortality for 1910


Box 2 Letters to President, Mr. John P. Dryden, of the Prudential from Frederick L. Hoffman, 1906, 60 items

General topics.


Box 2 Letters to Dr. Leslie D. Ward, Vice-President of the Prudential from Frederick L. Hoffman, 1907, 61 items

Topics include: Textile investigations; Western Trip - Mining Investigation.



Box 3 Letters to the President, Mr. John P. Dryden, of the Prudential from Frederick L. Hoffman, 1908-1909, 2 Volumes

Topics include: Annual Report, European Trip, Continued insurance investigation, 6th International Actuarial Congress. Includes a copy.


Box 3 Letters to the President, Mr. John P. Dryden, of the Prudential from Frederick L. Hoffman, 1910, 57 items

Topics include: Southern mortality study, Recommendations.


Box 3 Letters to the Vice-president, Mr. John A. Gore, of the Prudential from Frederick L. Hoffman, 1911-1912, 43 items

General topics.



Box 4 Letters to the Presidents of the Prudential, Mr. John P. Dryden and Mr. Forest F. Dryden from Frederick L. Hoffman, 1911-1912, 93 items

Topics include: European Insurance Study, National Insurance Act, English trade unions.


Box 4 Letters to the President, Mr. Forest F. Dryden, of the Prudential fron Frederick L. Hoffman, circa 1911-1912, 67 items

Topics include: European study of insurance, Industrial insurance,Socialist labor party, 7th International Actuarial Congress, Summary of results of investigation. Includes a copy.


Box 4 Letters to the President, Mr. Forest F. Dryden, of the Prudential fron Frederick L. Hoffman, circa 1911-1912, 101 items

Topics include: Annual report, Evolution in industrial policy, First American conference on social insurance, Committee to study the liquor problem.


Box 4 Letters to the President, Mr. Forest F. Dryden, of the Prudential from Frederick L. Hoffman, 1913, 14 items

Topics include: Western Trip.



Box 5 Letters to the Vice-President, Mr. John K. Gore, of the Prudential from Frederick L. Hoffman, 1913-1916, 51 items

Topics include: Social Insurance, National Insurance Act.


Box 5 Letters to the President, Mr. Forest F. Dryden, of the Prudential from Frederick L. Hoffman, 1914, 64 items

Topics include: Federal supervision of insurance.


Box 5 Letters to the President, Mr. Forest F. Dryden, of the Prudential from Frederick L. Hoffman, 1915

Topics include: Second Western trip, mining investigations.


Box 5 Letters to the President, Mr. Forest F. Dryden, of the Prudential from Frederick L. Hoffman, 1915, 48 items

Topics include: Menace of Cancer, Publishes "Mortality of Cancer Throughout the World," Study begins for leprosy control.



Box 6 Letters to the President, Mr. Forest F. Dryden, of the Prudential from Frederick L. Hoffman, 1915, 38 items

Topics include: Trip to Hawaii - Investigation of health conditions, Conclusions and recommendations in regard to insurance.


Box 6 Incomplete duplicate of letters to Forest F. Dryden on second Western trip and mining investigations., 1915


Box 6 Letters to the President, Mr. Forest F. Dryden, of the Prudential from Frederick L. Hoffman, 1916

Topics include: Tropical mortality investigation. 2 copies.



Box 7 Letters to the President, Mr. Forest F. Dryden, of the Prudential from Frederick L. Hoffman, 1917

Topics include: [illegible] insurance, Council of National Defense, Malaria Investigation, Canadian trip.


Box 7 Letters to the President, Mr. Forest F. Dryden, of the Prudential from Frederick L. Hoffman, 1918, 92 items

Topics include: Compulsory health insurance, nationalization of Life Insurance, Southern Trip, Third Western Trip.


Box 7 Letters to the President, Mr. Forest F. Dryden, of the Prudential from Frederick L. Hoffman, 1919, 3 Volumes

Topics include: European study of war insurance.



Box 8 Letters to the President, Mr. Forest F. Dryden, of the Prudential from Frederick L. Hoffman, 1919, 2 Volumes

Topics include: European study of war insurance, failure of German compulsory health insurance.



Box 9 Letters to the President, Mr. Forest F. Dryden, of the Prudential from Frederick L. Hoffman, circa 1919, 121 items

Topics include: Effect of war insurance.


Box 9 Letters to the President, Mr. Forest F. Dryden, of the Prudential from Frederick L. Hoffman, 1920, 2 Volumes

Topics include: South American trip: Mulford Expedition.



Box 10 Letters to the President, Mr. Forest F. Dryden, of the Prudential from Frederick L. Hoffman, 1920, 2 Volumes

Topics include: South American trip: Mulford Expedition.


Box 10 Letters to the President, Mr. Edward D. Duffield, of the Prudential from Frederick L. Hoffman, 1926

Topics include: Tropical disease study in Mexico.



Box 24 Frederick L. Hoffman and Ella Hay Hoffman correspondence, 1888-1937

Some letters to the children are included.

There are a number missing or in part for certain years; they were apparently lost before shipping to the donor, Ella Hoffman Rigney.



Box 25 Frederick L. Hoffman and Ella Hay Hoffman correspondence, 1888-1937

Some letters to the children are included.

There are a number missing or in part for certain years; they were apparently lost before shipping to the donor, Ella Hoffman Rigney.



Box 26 Frederick L. Hoffman and Ella Hay Hoffman correspondence, 1888-1937

Some letters to the children are included.

There are a number missing or in part for certain years; they were apparently lost before shipping to the donor, Ella Hoffman Rigney.



Box 23 Letters from mother, etc., undated

With English translations.



Box 27 Letters from the Unseen Friends in first early years in this country, circa 1884-1888


Box 27 Letters from correspondents not listed, circa 1894-1946

Series II: Manuscripts and documents, 1881-1945, undated

Series II contains Hoffman's diaries, an unpublished autobiographical manuscript, poetry manuscripts, travel itineraries, photographs, scrapbooks, and memorabilia. The texts of lectures given by Hoffman at Yale University in February 1916 and at Babson Institute between 1922 and 1925 are also included. Finally, there are three annual reports Hoffman submitted to the president of Prudential Insurance Company, dating from 1907, 1913, and 1917.



Box 11 Diaries in German and English, 1881-1890



Box 12 Metropolitan Life Insurance Company, Waltham, Massachusetts, 1885-1889



Box 23 Scrapbook: Brunswick, Georgia, 1887


Box 23 Scrapbook: Chattanooga, 1891


Box 23 Scrapbook: Hampton, 1892



Box 12 First articles written by hand, 1894-1899


Box 12 Folder 1 "Heredity in Relation to Cancer" Typescript (17 Pages), 12 March 1926



Box 23 Scrapbook: Cottage City, Massachusetts, 1895



Box 11 Small diaries in German and English, 1904-1945



Box 2 Annual Report of Frederick L. Hoffman to President of Prudential, Mr. John F. Dryden, 1907

Topics include: Changes in Ratings.



Box 37 Frederick L. Hoffman LL.D. Diploma from Tulane University, 1911 May 17



Box 5 Annual Report of Statistician's department, 1913



Box 14 Lectures on Race Pathology and Anthropometry at Yale University, 1916 February



Box 7 Annual Report of Statistician's department, 1917



Box 14 "Verses of a Wanderer", 1918-1920

A book of poetry by Hoffman. Bound but not printed.



Box 7 Itinerary of European trip, 1919



Box 30 Itinerary, 1919 August-December



Box 10 Index of a Statistician's library of over 200,000 volumes, circa 1920s



Box 31 South American exploration trip, 1921



Box 16 Bound volume of lectures given to students at Babson Institute, Wellesley Hills, Massachusetts, 1922



Box 30 "Life Insurance of the Future" and other addresses, Babson Institute, Wellesley Hills, Massachusetts, 1923



Box 17 Addresses given by Frederick L. Hoffman for Babson Institute, Wellesley Hills, Massachusetts, 1923-1925


Box 17 Geographical Itinerary - Belize - Yucatan, Mexican Trip, 1926 June 7-July 29



Box 19 Air Journey to Mexico, 1930 January-February



Box 31 Photograph of Hoffman, age 70, circa 1935



Box 10 The Life Story of a Statistician from 1865-1884 (as written by himself), undated, Bound but not published. Rough draft.



Box 21 Published and unpublished verses by Hoffman, undated


Box 21 Scrapbooks: photographs of Mexican journey, undated



Box 22 Scrapbook: West Indies, undated


Box 22 Scrapbook: Hawaii, undated


Box 22 Scrapbook: Navajo country, undated



Box 23 Scrapbook: Yellowstone Park, general, undated


Box 23 Scrapbook: family photographs, undated



Box 31 Photograph of Hoffman's office in Prudential building, undated



Box Unknown Four scrapbooks, undated



Box 1 Memorabilia, undated

Series III: Publications, 1890-1968, undated

Series III is primarily composed of publications by Hoffman. Hoffman published extensively in outlets ranging from medical and scientific journals, to insurance trade publications, to popular magazines and newspapers. The subjects of his publications were similarly varied. The majority deal with industrial safety and public health topics, especially the prevalence and mortality of cancer. Hoffman also used public health statistics to advocate for his belief in white supremacist racial hierarchy and eugenics; these themes appear frequently in his published work. Subseries III.2 contains clippings and publications about Hoffman, including his gifts to the libraries of Tulane University and the University of Pennsylvania. Subseries III.3 includes a small group of published materials neither by nor about Hoffman. Many are likely related to his interests in scientific racism and eugenics.


Subseries III.1: Publications by Hoffman, 1892-1937, 1968, undated



Box 12 "Vital Statistics of the Negro," The Arena, Boston, Massachusetts, no. XXIX, 1892 April

It was this work which led to Frederick L. Hoffman being asked to join the staff of the Prudential Life Insurance Company of America, Newark, N. J.


Box 12 "Suicides and Modern Civilization," The Arena, Boston, Massachusetts, vol. 7 no. 8, p. 680, 1893 May


Box 12 Report of Sanitary Conditions of the Tenements of Trinity Church; Printed by order of the Vestry, 1895

Investigation made by Frederick L. Hoffman.


Box 12 Frederick L. Hoffman. Race Traits and Tendencies of the American Negro. American Economic Association, MacMillan Publishing Company, New York, 1896



Box 30 "Cancer in the North American Negro," American Journal of Surgery and Gynecology, 1898



Box 13 Frederick L. Hoffman. History of the Prudential Life Insurance Company of America. Newark, N.J.: Prudential Press, 1900


Box 13 "The Practical Use of Vital Statistics," Boston Medical Journal, 1900 December 27


Box 13 "Fatal Accidents in Coal Mining in North America," Mining and Engineering Journal, 1901 August 10


Box 13 "The Negro Death Rate in 1906," Insurance Agent, 1908


Box 13 "The Mutual Relation of Life Insurance and the Medical Press," Published in the Proceedings of the American Editor's Association, 41st annual meeting, 1910 June 4


Box 13 "The Cancer Death Rate in Selected Occupations," Published in the bulletin of the American Academy of Medicine, 1914 October 4


Box 13 "Economic Progress of the United States during the 75 Years," Published by American Statistical Association, Boston, Massachusetts, vol. XIV, 1914 December 19

Also published by the Prudential Press, 1914.


Box 13 "Significance of a Declining Death Rate," Prudential Press, 1914



Box 15 Essays on Statistics, volumes III and IV, 1914-1918

4 volumes; first two volumes missing.



Box 13 "The Mortality from Cancer Throughout the World," The Prudential Press, Newark, N. J., 1915



Box 14 Bound volume of papers on Leprosy; includes the "Care and treatment of leprosy" report Senate S. 4086, 1916 March 25


Box 14 "Leprosy as a National and an International Problem," Journal of Sociologic Medicine, 1916 April


Box 14 "Cancer Problem in Relation to Fraternal Insurance," Published in the Proceedings of the 3rd annual convention of the national Fraternal Congress of America, Cleveland, Ohio, 1916 August 21-25


Box 14 Bulletin; Miner's Nystagmus, Washington Government Printing Office, 1916


Box 14 Bound volume on Malaria, Army Anthropometry, Health Administration, Dusty Trade Committee, Prudential Press, 1916-1917


Box 14 "Duty of Nationalized Teutons Set Forth," Exporter's Review, 1917 March 3


Box 14 "Duty of an American of German Birth," The Economic World, 1917 April 7


Box 14 "Facts and Fallacies of Compulsory Health Insurance," Prudential Press, Newark, N. J., 1917


Box 14 Autocracy and Paternalism vs Democracy and Liberty, Prudential Press, Newark, N.J., 1918


Box 14 Über Bugertreue Freiheit und Demokratce, 1918


Box 14 Failure of German Compulsory Health Insurance: A War Revelation, Prudential Press, Newark, N.J., 1918


Box 14 "National Health Insurance," Journal of the Medical Society of New Jersey, 1919 August


Box 14 "Is Leprosy Increasing?," Prudential Press, Reprint from an Address before the American Medical Association, New Orleans, Louisiana, 1920 April 28


Box 14 "Progress of the Safety Movement," Weekly letter of the National Safety Council, 1920 May 24


Box 14 "Progress of the Safety Movement in Great Britain," Safety Engineering Journal, 1920 August



Box 30 "Conditions in the Indian Medical Service," Reprint from Journal of American Medical Association,vol. 75, pp. 49-494, 1920 August



Box 14 "Conditions in the Indian Medical Service," Reprint, Journal of the American Medical Association vol. 75, 1920 August 14


Box 14 "Industrial Accident Record of 1919 - Best in Five Years," National Safety Council, 1920 September 27


Box 14 "Gorgas the Servant of Mankind," Southern Medical Journal, 1920 October


Box 14 "Mortality from Tuberculosis from 1900-1919," Spectator 30, 1920



Box 17 Bound volume of three articles, 1920 October-1923 June

"Description of Itasca Lake Trip," The Eastern Underwriter, 1920 October 22, "Why the Cliff Dwellers Vanished," Scientific American, 1920 December 25, and "The Falls of the Maderia," Bulletin of the Pan-American Union, 1923 June.



Box 15 Bound Volume of Five Articles, 1920-1929

"Why the Cliff Dwellers Vanished," Scientific American, 1920 December 25, "The Falls of Maderia," Pan-American Union, 1923 June 23, "Trail of the Rainbow Bridge," Stone and Webster Journal, 1923 January 29, "The Navajo Population Problem," Stone and Webster Journal, [date unclear] May, and "What America Has Done for Haiti," Stone and Webster, 1929 July.



Box 18 Bound Volume of Five Articles, 1920-1929

"Why the Cliff Dwellers Vanished," Scientific American, 1920 December 25, "The Falls of Maderia," Pan-American Union, 1923 June 23, "Trail of the Rainbow Bridge," Stone and Webster Journal, 1923 January 29, "The Navajo Population Problem," Stone and Webster Journal, [date unclear] May, and "What America Has Done for Haiti," Stone and Webster, 1929 July.



Box 16 Geographical essays, 1920-1930


Box 16 Abstract of an Address on Mortality from Cancer in South, Orleans Parish Medical Society, 1921 May 19


Box 16 "The Organization of Knowledge," Reprint from Science, 1922 March 10



Box 30 "Cancer Problem in the Southern States," Address before Columbia Medical Society Cancer Meeting, Columbia, South Carolina, 1922


Box 30 "Causes of Death in Primitive Races", after 1922



Box 16 "The Jewish Demography," American Hebrew, 1923 March 3



Box 17 "Progress in the Safety First Movement," Spectator, New York, N. Y., 1923 March 15



Box 30 "Cancer Statistics in Japan," Journal of the American Medical Association, 1923 March 21



Box 17 "Statistics on Cancer in Algiers," Journal of the American Medical Association, 1923 May 1


Box 17 "Views on Question of Reparations and War Debt Settlements," Reprint, American Academy of Political and Social Science, Philadelphia, Pa., Pub. 1698., 1923 July


Box 17 "Health Conditions Among the Indians," Reprint, Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 81, 1923 September 8


Box 17 "Mortality from Cancer," American Medical Association, 1923 November 7


Box 17 "Problem of Negro-White Inter-Mixture and Intermarriage," Reprint from Eugenics in Race and State, vol. II and Prudential Press, Newark, N. J., 1923


Box 17 "Race Amalgamation in Hawaii," Reprint from Eugenics in Race and State, vol. II, 1923


Box 17 "Race Amalgamation in Hawaii," Reprint from Eugenics in Race and State, vol. II, 1923


Box 17 "Conservation of America's Economic Independence," Reprint from Scientific Monthly, vol. XVI, no 4, 1923



Box 29 "Cancer and Civilization," Reprint. Address read before the Belgian Cancer Congress, Brussels, Belgium, 1923 November 18-19



Box 17 "Health of Working Women," Bulletin of the Consumer's League of New York, vol. III, no. 5, 1924 May


Box 17 "Cancer Mortality in Leading American Cities in 1923," Economic World, New York, 1924 June 21


Box 17 "Medical Problems of Our Indian Population," Reprint, Eastern Underwriter Association on Indian Affairs, 1925 February 5


Box 17 "Radium Mesothorium Necrosis," Address before the Section on Preventive and Industrial Medicine and Public Health, given at the 76th Session of the American Medical Association, Atlantic City, N. J., 1925 May



Box 29 "Cancer in Canada," Address delivered before the Association of Health Officers of Ontario, Toronto, Canada, 1925 May 4



Box 17 "Cancer Problem in Canada," Address before Ontario Health Officers Association, Toronto, Canada; Reprinted from Public Health Journal, 1925 June



Box 29 "Canadian Cancer Problems and Research," Address delivered before Canadian Public Health Association. Montreal, Quebec, Canada, 1925 June 3. The Prudential Press, 1925 June 3



Box 17 "Life's Greatest Tragedy," Nation's Health, vol. VII, no. 7, 1925 July


Box 17 "Will the Athletic Girl Keep her Form?" The Literary Digest, 1925 August 15


Box 17 "Suicide and Business," The Literary Digest, 1925 August 29


Box 17 "John F. Dryden and Fifty Years of the Prudential," The Spectator, Philadelphia, Pa., 1925 November 19



Box 29 "Some Cancer Facts and Fallacies," Prudential Press, 1925



Box 17 "Should the Death Penalty be Abolished?," League to Abolish Capital Punishment, circa 1925



Box 29 "Cancer in Native Races," Address before American Association for Cancer Research, Albany, New York, 1926 April



Box 17 "Increase in Murder," American Academy of Political Science, Philadelphia, Pa., 1926 May, 1968


Box 17 Bound volume of series of newspaper articles on Mexican trip, The Boston Herald, 1926



Box 18 "Windstorm and Insurance," The Spectator, Philadelphia, Pa., 1926



Box 29 "Cancer in Mexico," Address before American Association For Cancer Research, Rochester, N. Y., Prudential Press, Newark, N. J., 1927 April 14



Box 18 "The Cancer Record for 1926," The Spectator, Philadelphia, Pa., 1927 October 13


Box 18 Bound volume of series of newspaper articles on Russia, The Peoria Star, 1927


Box 18 Bound volume of a series of articles on Russia and Finland, The Newark Evening News, 1927


Box 18 Deaths from Lead Poisoning; Washington Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C., 1927



Box 19 Cancer Record, 1927



Box 18 Bound volume of articles on Aviation, The New York Times, New York and The Peoria Star, 1927-1928


Box 18 Aviation in the United States. Series of articles in the New York Times and the Peoria Star, 1927-1928


Box 18 Papers on Aviation, 1927-1929



Box 29 Frederick L. Hoffman, "Travelling by Air Along Boston - New York Route," Sunday Times, 1928 June 17



Box 30 "Over the Mountains to San Francisco," The New York Times Sunday edition, 1928 July 15



Box 19 "Statistics of Occupational Cancer," Report of the International Conference on Cancer, London, England, held under the auspices of the British Empire Cancer Campaign; Pub. by the British Empire Campaign, London, England, 1928


Box 19 "Navajo Population Problem," 23rd International Congress of Americanists, 1928


Box 19 "Some Problems of Longevity," The Spectator Company, Philadelphia, Pa., 1928



Box 29 "Cancer Among the North American Indians," Address before American Cancer Research Society, Washington, D.C., 1928 April 22. Prudential Press, 1928 April 22, 1929

Included "The Indian as a Life Insurance Risk" and "The Progress of the North American Indian."



Box 19 "Over the Mountains to San Francisco," The New York Times, 1928 July 15-August 12


Box 19 "Trail to Rainbow Bridge," Stone and Webster Journal, no. 11, vol. 44, 1929 January


Box 19 "Gastric and Duodenal ulcers," The Spectator, 1929 February 14


Box 19 "The Navajo Population Problem," Stone and Webster Journal, 1929 May


Box 19 "What America Has Done for Haiti," Stone and Webster Journal, 1929 July


Box 19 "The Cancer Record of 1928," The Spectator, 1929 July 11


Box 19 "What Sugar Has Done for Hawaii," Stone and Webster Journal, Boston, Massachusetts, 1929 December


Box 19 "The Medical and Hospital Service of U. S. Bureau of Indian Affairs," Hospital Social Service, XIX, 1929


Box 19 "Second Report on the Oriental Mortality of Hawaii", 1929


Box 19 "Race Pathology in Hawaii", 1929



Box 29 "San Francisco Cancer Survey (Incomplete)," Prudential Press, Newark, N. J., 1929


Box 29 Letter to President of the Prudential, Mr. Edward D. Duffield: "Thirty-five Years of Work", 1929



Box 30 "Cancer in Egypt," Journal of Cancer Research, vol. XIV, no. 3, 1930 August



Box 19 "Homicide Record for 1929," Reprint from the Spectator, circa 1930



Box 21 Clippings, circa 1930s

Topics include: Aviation, Babson Institute, Cancer, Capital punishment, Hawaiian Trip, Frederick L. Hoffman, Homicide, Indians, Jamaican Trip, Measurements, Mexico, Mexican Trip, African Americans, Prohibition, Russia, South American Expedition, Social Health Insurance, Suicide, Tornados and Wind storms, Germany and the War.



Box 20 "The South from the Air," Manufacturer's Record, 1931 June 4


Box 20 "Present Trends of the Negro Population," Opportunity News, New York, N. Y., 1931 November


Box 20 Address: Presentation of the Anniversary volume to Professor Rudolph Matas, Published by School of Medicine, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana, 1931 December 17


Box 20 "The Cancer Record for 1931," The Spectator, Philadelphia, Pa., 1932 May 12


Box 20 "The Suicide Record," Annual Review, The Spectator, 1932 June 9



Box 31 "Matas Birthday Volume: A Collection of Surgical Essays Written in Honor of Rudolph Matas," New England Journal of Medicine, 1932 June 9



Box 20 "Causes of Death in Primitive Races," Metron, vol. X nos. 1-2; printed for private circulation. Roma Istituto Poligrafico Dello Stato Libreria, 1932



Box 29 "Some Principles of Cancer Statistics Research," Paper contributed to the Second Australian Cancer Conference, Canberra, Australia, 1933 March



Box 20 "Cancer Mortality of Massachusetts 1860 - 1929," Reprinted from the Journal of Medicine (New England), vol. 203, no. 15, 1933 April 13


Box 20 "The Cancer Record of 1932," The Spectator, 1933 April 27



Box 29 "Cancer in British Malaya and the Phillipine Islands," Address delivered before American Association for Cancer Research; Washington, D.C., 1933 May 8, Prudential Press, 1933 May 8



Box 20 "Cancer of the Male Generative Organs," New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 209, no. 22, 1933 November 30


Box 20 Discussion on Geographical Distribution of Cancer in Spain, The Cancer of 1932, Madrid Baass SA, Tipografica, 1933


Box 20 "Lead Poisoning Legislation and Statistics," Committee on Lead Poisoning, The Prudential Press, 1933


Box 20 "Cancer of the Prostate and Prostatic Diseases," Address before Tulane University; Reprinted in New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 210, no. 10, pp. 507-551, 1934 March 3


Box 20 "The Cancer Record of 1933," The Spectator, 1934 June 7


Box 20 "Cancer of the Esophagus," Reprint from the New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 211 no. 17, pp. 762-769, 1934 October 23


Box 20 "Some Dietary Aspects of Cancer," Reprinted from Communications Of the International Congress of Scientific Social Campaign Against Cancer, 1934



Box 29 "Malaria in Florida, Georgia and Alabama," Prudential Press, 1934



Box 17 "It takes Courage to Gather Statistics," The Literary Digest, 1935 November 23



Box 20 "Cancer and Diet," The Williams and Wilkins Company, Baltimore, Maryland, 1937



Box 29 List of Hoffman's publications at the College of Insurance, New York, N.Y., undated


Box 29 Frederick L. Hoffman, "Miami to Nassau," Air Commerce Bulletin, undated



Box 30 "Cancer in the Maori Population of New Zealand," Excerptum Acta Cancrologica; Editor P. Gerber, Budapest, vol. 1, Fasc. 3, undated


Box 30 "Papa's Tantrums," Literary Digest, undated



Box 31 List of publications and books by Frederick L. Hoffman, undated


Box 31 Bound volume of 9 Hoffman essays, undated



Box 14 Verses of a Wanderer, undated


Subseries III.2: Publications about Hoffman, circa 1890s-1966, undated



Box 30 The Southern Workman and Hampton School Record, circa 1890s

mentions Hoffman and his statements regarding African Americans.



Box 13 "Prudential Owns a Part of Gibraltar", 1901

Article about Frederick L. Hoffman returning from Europe with 2000 pounds of the Rock of Gibraltar.



Box 29 Editorial about Hoffman. Rough Notes: Journal Devoted to Insurance and the Industries, 1917 April 5



Box 31 An interview with Hoffman, published by Sheridan House, N.Y., 1917



Box 16 "Hoffman to fly 3000 miles for Air Crash Facts," Eastern Underwriter, 1921 April 1



Box 29 Hereward Carrington, "Into the Heart of the Amazon Jungle," Leslie's Weekly, 1921


Box 29 "Dr. F. L. Hoffman's Change; Will Join Babson Institute,", 1922 May 1


Box 29 Editorial Tribute to Hoffman regarding founding of the National Malaria Committee, 1925



Box 30 "Dr. Frederick Hoffman to Make Flight," Spectator, 1929 April 4



Box 29 "German Society Elects Hoffman," Science, vol. 74 no. 1923, p. 591, 1931 December 11


Box 29 Horace S. Mazet, "An Occasional Air Travels More or Less," The Sportsman Pilot, 1931


Box 29 Alva Johnston, "The Fifteen Biggest Men in America," The New Yorker, 1931


Box 29 "Prudential's Hoffman - Regarding Suicide Evil," Time Magazine, 1932 June 13


Box 29 James Thurber, "Behind the Statistics" The New Yorker, 1933 July 1

About Hoffman.



Box 31 "The Hoffman Cancer Library at the University of Pennsylvania", 1934

Booklet describing Hoffman Cancer Library gift.



Box 20 "Dr. Frederick L. Hoffman Retires," Home News Office of the Prudential Insurance Company, Newark, N. J., 1935 June



Box 29 Maurice Ries, "Eminent Vital Statistician Makes Valuable Gift to Tulane Department," The Tulanian Alumni Magazine, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana, 1938



Box 20 Maps in the Frederick L. Hoffman collection: an Inventory of the Collection of the Middle American Research Institute, New Orleans, Louisiana, Tulane University, 1939 December



Box 29 Albert Regula, "Brief History of the American Museum of Safety", 1955



Box 30 "Annals of Legislation," Series of three articles on Social Insurance; The New Yorker Magazine: mentions Hoffman, 1966 July 2



Box 29 George Creel, "How We Advertised America", undated

Mention of Hoffman on page 138.


Subseries III.3: Other publications, 1890-1918, undated



Box 30 "A Warm Wave from the South" pamphlet, 1890


Box 30 "Facts Concerning Newport News, Va." Booklet, 1892



Box 31 "Hampton Illustrated" Pamphlet, 1892



Box 30 "Bilder aus der Oldenburg" pamphlet, 1893


Box 30 "A Decade of Hampton School" pamphlet, 1903



Box 31 "The Work of Hampton Institute" booklet, 1904



Box 30 "Oldenburg Seeschiffahrt alter und neuer zeit" pamphlet, Leipzig, 1906



Box 29 von Ludwig Strackerjan, "Aberglaube und Sagen," Band I and II jaus dem Herzogturn Oldenburg, 1909



Box 30 "Vaterlandilche Gefehvclfe fur die Obertufeder der [Volksfehuten?]" pamphlet, 1918



Box 1 Miscellaneous books, undated, 6 Volumes



Box 30 Fuhrer durch Varel und Umgebung von E. Wagner booklet, undated



Box 31 "The Work of General Armstrong" booklet, undated


Box 31 "Sister of the Road: Box Car Bertha" by R. L. Reitman; Chapter 15, p. 192-199, undated


Box 31 "Guide Practique de la Cure Kneipp" pamphlet, undated

Series IV: Hoffman and Rigney family, 1885-1986, undated

Series IV contains materials from the Hoffman, Hay, and Rigney families. Subseries IV.1 contains correspondence, notes, manuscripts, and printed matter of Ella Hoffman Rigney, daughter of Frederick L. Hoffman and founding director of the Raphael House, a shelter for single mothers experiencing homelessness, in San Francisco. Subseries IV.2 contains materials belonging to other family members, especially Hoffman's wife, Ella Hay Hoffman. Most of these items are of a personal nature, but there is substantial information about her involvement with the United Daughters of the Confederacy. There are also several genealogical charts and family histories documenting the lineage of the Hoffman and Hay families.


Subseries IV.1: Ella Hoffman Rigney, 1936-circa 1978, undated



Box 33 Quarterly Review, N.Y.C. Cancer Committee, 1936 April-1941 October


Box 33 Quarterly Review, N.Y.C. Cancer Committee, 1942 January-1944 October



Box Unknown Ella Hoffman Rigney. History of the American Society for the Control of Cancer, 1913-1943. New York: New York City Cancer Committee, 1944



Box 34 Raphael House Annual Reports, 1978- , with Francis Rigney article about Raphael House, circa 1978



Box 33 Letters received on the death of Francis S. Rigney, undated


Box 33 Ella H. Rigney Vista Reports: Mission District, San Francisco, California, undated


Box 33 Ella H. Rigney Vista Reports: North Carolina, undated


Box 33 Ella H. Rigney Vista Reports: Sandy, Oregon, undated


Box 33 Focus, San Francisco Unit, American Cancer Society article about Ella H. Rigney, undated


Box 33 Ella H. Rigney corrected revolutionary charts (photocopies), undated



Box 35 Ella Hoffman Rigney assorted writings, undated, 2 folders


Box 35 Ella Hoffman Rigney clippings, undated, 2 folders


Box 35 Ella Hoffman Rigney correspondence, undated


Box 35 Ella Hoffman Rigney printed matter, undated



Box 36 Ella Hoffman Rigney miscellaneous notes, undated


Box 36 Ella Hoffman Rigney Raphael House materials, undated


Box 36 Ella Hoffman Rigney school notebooks, undated


Box 36 Ella Hoffman Rigney school papers, undated


Subseries IV.2: Genealogical and family documents, 1885-1986, undated



Box 33 Frederick L. Hoffman letter, 1885 December 7



Box 30 Charles H. West, "Brief Sketch of Sidney Lanier", 1887



Box 33 "Records and Papers of My Pneumonia Illness" manuscript volume, author not identified, 1927 April-May



Box 37 Pedigree Charts, Family Charts, and Cognate Branches of Frederick L. Hoffman and Ella George Hay and John Rigney and Jane Clancy. Volume 1, 1986



Box 38 Pedigree Charts, Family Charts, and Cognate Branches of Frederick L. Hoffman and Ella George Hay and John Rigney and Jane Clancy. Volume 2, 1986


Box 38 Hoffman family genealogical charts, 1986, 2 items



Box 33 Hays Genealogy, undated



Box 35 Ella Hay Hoffman correspondence, undated


Box 35 Ella Hay Hoffman printed matter, undated


Box 35 Ella Hay Hoffman Southern Club of Boston materials, undated


Box 35 Ella Hay Hoffman United Daughters of the Confederacy materials, undated


Box 35 Ella Hay Hoffman miscellaneous materials, undated


Box 35 Frederick L. Hoffman clippings and correspondence, undated


Box 35 Harry A. Mellor address book, undated


Box 35 Hoffman family photographs, undated



Box 36 Survey of Tenements, possibly by Frederick L. Hoffman, undated


Box 36 Tuberculosis Survey, possibly by Frederick L. Hoffman, undated


Box 36 Williams, William E., undated


Box 36 Hoffman family miscellaneous correspondence, undated


Box 36 Hoffman family miscellaneous notes, undated



Box 32 Biography of Frederick L. Hoffman by his daughter, Ella Hoffman Rigney, undated


Box 32 Hoffman genealogy, undated, In four black looseleaf binders.