Rare Book & Manuscript Library

Shihui Xiong papers, 1907-1974, bulk 1930-1948

Summary Information


The Shihui Xiong papers consist of materials documenting Xiong's life and political career from 1907 to 1974. The highlights of the papers are the manuscripts, which include six volumes of Xiong's memoir, seven volumes of diaries over 43 years, and approximately 440 original handwritten speech scripts. The photographs and political and military affairs related documents focus on Xiong's active involvement in the northeast region and abroad from 1930 to 1948. The papers overall consist of correspondence, calligraphy scrolls, diaries, a diploma, documents, letter books, manuscripts of published and unpublished works, maps, newspaper clippings, notes, oversize military notices, poems, photographs, photograph albums, reports, and other materials.

At a Glance

Call No.: MS#0624
Bib ID 4078880 View CLIO record
Creator(s) Xiong, Shihui, 1893-1974
Title Shihui Xiong papers, 1907-1974, bulk 1930-1948
Physical Description 8 linear feet (15 manuscript boxes, 1 record carton, 4 oversize flat folders, and 1 scroll box)
Language(s) Chinese .

This collection is located on-site.

Panoramic photographs in Box 15 require special permission to view due to conservation concerns.



The collection is arranged in five series, one of which is arranged in 3 subseries. 該檔案分為五個系列, 其中有一系列有三小系列。



The Shihui Xiong papers mainly document the political life of Xiong. The collection contains papers, photographs, and calligraphy scrolls by him, dating from 1907 to 1974, with the bulk of the materials focusing on his involvement in the northeast region from 1930 to 1948. The papers, including correspondence with prominent political figures such as Chiang Kai-shek, T.V. Soong, and Ho Ying-chin, typewritten and handwritten manuscripts of Xiong Shihui's memoir, diaries, speeches, notes, and documents provide perspectives on his life, his colleagues, and his politics. The photographs and albums mainly depict Xiong's family and friends, his political and military engagement in China, and his visits in other countries. The collection also contains two calligraphy scrolls by Xiong.

  • Series 1: Correspondence, 信函, 1930-1952

    Correspondence from well-known Chinese political figures such as Chiang, Kai-shek, T.V. Soong, to Xiong, as well as two volumes of letters and reports, and handwritten drafts from Xiong, dating from 1930 and 1952.

  • Series 2: Manuscripts, 手稿, 1907-1974

    Typewritten and handwriting manuscripts of Xiong Shihui's memoir, essays, diaries, and speeches dating from 1907 to 1974.

  • Series 3: Military and Political Documents, 軍政事務文件, 1943-1948

    Documents, notes, newspaper clippings, and reports related to the socio-political, military affairs, territorial changes, and economic situations in the Northeastern Region dating from 1943 to 1948. Series also include documents and reports on foreign relations such as a printed copy of the Sino-Soviet Treaty of Friendship and Alliance signed in 1945, the Statement of Appreciation issued in 1946, and one volume of "A Report of the Military Mission of the Republic of China on Negotiations with Soviet Military Authorities for the Withdrawal of Soviet Troops from the Northeastern Provinces" describing the daily proceedings of meetings and negotiations between the two countries from October 1945 to June 1946.

  • Series 4: Photographs, 照片, 1921-1973

    Contains albums and photographs depicting Xiong and his family and friends, visits to different cities in China and other countries dating from 1921 to 1973.

  • Series 5: Realia, 物品, 1924, 1971

    Two calligraphy scrolls from dating 1971 and a Diploma from the Japanese Army War College Xiong received in 1924.

  • Series 6: Printed materials, 書類, 1941-1970

    Please request the following books via CLIO. They were separated from the collection to be catalogued as rare books.

Using the Collection

Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Restrictions on Access

This collection is located on-site.

Panoramic photographs in Box 15 require special permission to view due to conservation concerns.

Terms Governing Use and Reproduction

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. The RBML maintains ownership of the physical material only. Copyright remains with the creator and his/her heirs. The responsibility to secure copyright permission rests with the patron.

Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Shihui Xiong papers; Box and Folder; Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.

Related Materials

Following books are cataloged seaparately: Hai jiao zhong sheng 海角鐘聲, compiled by Chen, Hanlu, 1950. Xue song yin cao 雪松吟草, estimate 520 poems written by Xiong, Shihui; 1911-1970. Gan zheng shi nian. A Decade of the Administration of the Provincial Government of Kiangsi (2 vols.) 贛政十年 (1932-1942), published in Dec. 1941.

Alternate Form Available

Chiang Kai-shek letters to Xiong Shihui (32 a.l.s., volume 2) are on microfilm. Portfolios: Diaries #2 (1943-1946) & #3 (1946-1949) are on microfilm. Please see Microfilm #95-2030, Microfilm #96-2033, Microfilm #2006-1006 to #2006-1009.

About the Finding Aid / Processing Information

Columbia University Libraries, Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Processing Information

The papers were catalogued by Christina Hilton Fenn in July 1989, processed in 2007, and reprocessed by Yingwen Huang in 2018. The title of the papers was changed from Shih-hui Hsiung papers to Shihui Xiong papers in 2018 to allow better discovery and to to conform to the creator's LCNAF record. The papers combined two accessions in 1974 and 1975. Minimally processed to the folder level. Seven panoramic photographs in Box 15 should be subjected to conservation rehousing and repair for straightening and inactive mold issue. Printed materials (4 volumes) were cataloged separately by the Rare Book division and to be searchable in the catalog.

Revision Description

2009-06-26 File created.

2018-08-08 EAD finding aid was updated.

2019-05-20 EAD was imported spring 2019 as part of the ArchivesSpace Phase II migration.

Subject Headings

The subject headings listed below are found in this collection. Links below allow searches at Columbia University through the Archival Collections Portal and through CLIO, the catalog for Columbia University Libraries, as well as ArchiveGRID, a catalog that allows users to search the holdings of multiple research libraries and archives.

All links open new windows.


Heading "CUL Archives:"
"CUL Collections:"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
Albums (books) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Announcements Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Color photographs Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Correspondence Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Diaries Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Essays Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Letter books Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Letters (correspondence) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Maps Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Memoirs Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Microfilms Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Notes Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Personal papers Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Photograph albums Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Photographs Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Poems Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Reports Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Scrolls (information artifacts) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Speeches Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Telegrams Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
black-and-white photographs Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
diplomas Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
negatives (photographs) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID


Heading "CUL Archives:"
"CUL Collections:"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
Calligraphy Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Calligraphy Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Calligraphy, Chinese -- History -- 20th century Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Chen, Cheng, 1898-1965 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Chiang, Kai-shek, 1887-1975 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
China. Lu jun Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Diplomats -- China Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Dong, Yanping, 1896- Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Generals -- China Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Liu, Anqi, 1903- Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Lu jun jun guan xue xiao Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Portraits Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Sino-Japanese War, 1937-1945 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Statesmen -- China Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Zhang, Qun, 1889?- Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Zhongguo guo min dang Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID

History / Biographical Note

Biographical / Historical

Xiong, Shihui (Wade-Giles: Hsiung, Shih-hui; Hsiung, Shi-fei; Pinyin: Xiong, Shihui; Traditional Chinese: 熊式輝; Simplified Chinese: 熊式辉; Courtesy name: Tianyi 天翼; Pseudonym: Xuesong 雪松) was born on May 19th, 1893, in Anyi, Jiangxi Province of China. He attended Baoding Military Academy in 1915. He later attended the Japanese Army War College and graduated on November 29th, 1924. He returned to Canton and became the Chief Instructor at the Yunnan Army Military Officers School. When the Northern Expedition began in 1927, Xiong was appointed the Deputy Commander of multiple military divisions and a member of the Jiangxi provincial political committee. In 1930, Xiong directed military operations against Communist forces in the Northeast (also known as Manchuria). In the following years, he was appointed by Chiang Kai-shek as the Chief-of-Staff in the Nanchang headquarters and the Governor of Jiangxi province where he was responsible for the civil affairs, education, and peace preservation in the province. After a decade of Xiong's provincial governance in Jiangxi, he was assigned to be the Chief of the Chinese Military Mission to the United States in 1942. After returning to China in 1943, he was appointed the Secretary General of the Central Planning Board, which was responsible for wartime and postwar reconstruction and affairs. In 1945, he accompanied T.V. Soong to Moscow for negotiation and the signing of the Sino-Soviet Treaty of Friendship and Alliance. As the conflict between the Chinese Communists and the Nationalists escalated in the Northeast, Chen Cheng was assigned to replace Xiong as the Director of the Northeast headquarters in 1947, while Xiong was given a post as the Strategy Adviser in Nanjing. After the nationalist power collapsed in mainland China in 1949, Xiong and his family moved to Hong Kong, Macao, and then later to Bangkok. Xiong moved to Taiwan in 1954, where he lived until he died in 1974.