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Series 2: Manuscripts, 手稿, 1907-1974
At a Glance
The collection is arranged in five series, one of which is arranged in 3 subseries. 該檔案分為五個系列, 其中有一系列有三小系列。
The Shihui Xiong papers mainly document the political life of Xiong. The collection contains papers, photographs, and calligraphy scrolls by him, dating from 1907 to 1974, with the bulk of the materials focusing on his involvement in the northeast region from 1930 to 1948. The papers, including correspondence with prominent political figures such as Chiang Kai-shek, T.V. Soong, and Ho Ying-chin, typewritten and handwritten manuscripts of Xiong Shihui's memoir, diaries, speeches, notes, and documents provide perspectives on his life, his colleagues, and his politics. The photographs and albums mainly depict Xiong's family and friends, his political and military engagement in China, and his visits in other countries. The collection also contains two calligraphy scrolls by Xiong.
Using the Collection
Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Restrictions on Access
This collection is located on-site.
Panoramic photographs in Box 15 require special permission to view due to conservation concerns.
Terms Governing Use and Reproduction
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. The RBML maintains ownership of the physical material only. Copyright remains with the creator and his/her heirs. The responsibility to secure copyright permission rests with the patron.
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Shihui Xiong papers; Box and Folder; Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.
Following books are cataloged seaparately: Hai jiao zhong sheng 海角鐘聲, compiled by Chen, Hanlu, 1950. Xue song yin cao 雪松吟草, estimate 520 poems written by Xiong, Shihui; 1911-1970. Gan zheng shi nian. A Decade of the Administration of the Provincial Government of Kiangsi (2 vols.) 贛政十年 (1932-1942), published in Dec. 1941.
Alternate Form Available
Chiang Kai-shek letters to Xiong Shihui (32 a.l.s., volume 2) are on microfilm. Portfolios: Diaries #2 (1943-1946) & #3 (1946-1949) are on microfilm. Please see Microfilm #95-2030, Microfilm #96-2033, Microfilm #2006-1006 to #2006-1009.
About the Finding Aid / Processing Information
Columbia University Libraries, Rare Book and Manuscript Library
The papers were catalogued by Christina Hilton Fenn in July 1989, processed in 2007, and reprocessed by Yingwen Huang in 2018. The title of the papers was changed from Shih-hui Hsiung papers to Shihui Xiong papers in 2018 to allow better discovery and to to conform to the creator's LCNAF record. The papers combined two accessions in 1974 and 1975. Minimally processed to the folder level. Seven panoramic photographs in Box 15 should be subjected to conservation rehousing and repair for straightening and inactive mold issue. Printed materials (4 volumes) were cataloged separately by the Rare Book division and to be searchable in the catalog.
2009-06-26 File created.
2018-08-08 EAD finding aid was updated.
2019-05-20 EAD was imported spring 2019 as part of the ArchivesSpace Phase II migration.
History / Biographical Note
Biographical / Historical
Xiong, Shihui (Wade-Giles: Hsiung, Shih-hui; Hsiung, Shi-fei; Pinyin: Xiong, Shihui; Traditional Chinese: 熊式輝; Simplified Chinese: 熊式辉; Courtesy name: Tianyi 天翼; Pseudonym: Xuesong 雪松) was born on May 19th, 1893, in Anyi, Jiangxi Province of China. He attended Baoding Military Academy in 1915. He later attended the Japanese Army War College and graduated on November 29th, 1924. He returned to Canton and became the Chief Instructor at the Yunnan Army Military Officers School. When the Northern Expedition began in 1927, Xiong was appointed the Deputy Commander of multiple military divisions and a member of the Jiangxi provincial political committee. In 1930, Xiong directed military operations against Communist forces in the Northeast (also known as Manchuria). In the following years, he was appointed by Chiang Kai-shek as the Chief-of-Staff in the Nanchang headquarters and the Governor of Jiangxi province where he was responsible for the civil affairs, education, and peace preservation in the province. After a decade of Xiong's provincial governance in Jiangxi, he was assigned to be the Chief of the Chinese Military Mission to the United States in 1942. After returning to China in 1943, he was appointed the Secretary General of the Central Planning Board, which was responsible for wartime and postwar reconstruction and affairs. In 1945, he accompanied T.V. Soong to Moscow for negotiation and the signing of the Sino-Soviet Treaty of Friendship and Alliance. As the conflict between the Chinese Communists and the Nationalists escalated in the Northeast, Chen Cheng was assigned to replace Xiong as the Director of the Northeast headquarters in 1947, while Xiong was given a post as the Strategy Adviser in Nanjing. After the nationalist power collapsed in mainland China in 1949, Xiong and his family moved to Hong Kong, Macao, and then later to Bangkok. Xiong moved to Taiwan in 1954, where he lived until he died in 1974.