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Ignat Arkhipovich Bilyi Papers, 1918-1973

Summary Information

At a Glance

Call No.: BAR Ms Coll/Bilyi.
Bib ID 4077793 View CLIO record
Creator(s) Bilyĭ, Ignat Arkhipovich, 1887-1973
Title Ignat Arkhipovich Bilyi Papers, 1918-1973
Physical Description 10000 items (51 manuscript boxes; 2 oversize folders)
Language(s) Russian .
Access You will need to make an appointment in advance to use this collection material in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room. You can schedule an appointment once you've submitted your request through your Special Collections Research Account.

This collection is located on-site.

This collection has no restrictions.

Arrangement

Arrangement

The papers are arranged in seven series.

Description

Summary

The papers consist of correspondence, manuscripts, documents, subject files, newspaper clippings, printed materials, photographs, and drawings. Most of the correspondence concerns Bilyi's activities as Ataman, and the journal "Kazak"; other correspondence is personal or relates to the activities of anti-Communist groups (such as the Anti-Bolshevik Bloc of Nations - ABN). The manuscripts include articles, reminiscences, drafts of appeals and proclamations, and speeches mostly concerning the Cossack movement, Cossack history, and the anti-Communist movement. The documents mostly concern KNOD and related organizations for the period ca.1955-1970; a few relate to the Cossacks in 1919-1945. The subject files contain newspaper clippings, printed materials, notes, and correspondence relating to KNOD, ABN, "Kazak", Ukrainian-Cossack relations, and the Vlasov Movement. The newspaper clippings are mostly from Russian and Ukrainian emigre publications. Printed materials include a set of "Kazak" and ephemera of KNOD, ABN, and similar organizations. There are a few photographs showing Bilyi in Cossack dress and also various Cossack emigre organization activities. The paintings and drawings include portraits of Bilyi and his wife, Tatiana Iurievna Bilyi, in national dress (his Cossack, hers Czech), other Cossack leaders, Cossack heraldry, and a map of "Cossackia."

  • Series I: Correspondence, 1920-1973

    Series mostly consists of the correspondence related to Bilyi's activities as Ataman, and the journal "Kazak". There is also correspondence related to the activities of anti-Communist groups (such as the Anti-Bolshevik Bloc of Nations - ABN), and some personal correspondence. Arranged chronologically.

  • Series II: Manuscripts and Notes

    Series includes articles, reminiscences, drafts of appeals and proclamations, and speeches mostly concerning the Cossack movement, Cossack history, and the anti-Communist movement.

  • Series III: Documents, 1919-1970

    Series mostly consists of documents regarding KNOD and related organizations for the period ca. 1955-1970; a few documents relate to the Cossacks in 1919-1945.

  • Series IV: Photographs

  • Series V: Paintings and Drawings

    Ovesize materials.

  • Series VI: Subject Files

    Series contains clippings, printed materials, notes, and correspondence related to KNOD, ABN, "Kazak", Ukrainian-Cossack relations, and the Vlasov movement. Arranged in alphabetical order.

  • Series VII: Printed Materials

    Series includes newspaper "Kazak", printed ephemera, and newspaper clippings mostly from Russian and Ukrainian emigre publications.

Using the Collection

Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Restrictions on Access

You will need to make an appointment in advance to use this collection material in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room. You can schedule an appointment once you've submitted your request through your Special Collections Research Account.

This collection is located on-site.

This collection has no restrictions.

Terms Governing Use and Reproduction

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. The RBML maintains ownership of the physical material only. Copyright remains with the creator and his/her heirs. The responsibility to secure copyright permission rests with the patron.

Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Ignat Arkhipovich Bilyi Papers; Box and Folder; Bakhmeteff Archive, Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.

Accruals

Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. Contact rbml@columbia.edu for more information.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Papers: Source of acqusition--Mrs. Blokh via V. G. Glaskov; Method of acquisition--Gift; Date of acquisition--1978.

About the Finding Aid / Processing Information

Columbia University Libraries, Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Processing Information

Papers Accessioned 1978.

Papers Processed 10/--/78.

Revision Description

07/22/2020 PDF finding aid converted to EAD and AS record updated, KSD.

Subject Headings

The subject headings listed below are found in this collection. Links below allow searches at Columbia University through the Archival Collections Portal and through CLIO, the catalog for Columbia University Libraries, as well as ArchiveGRID, a catalog that allows users to search the holdings of multiple research libraries and archives.

All links open new windows.

Genre/Form

Heading "CUL Archives:"
"Portal"
"CUL Collections:"
"CLIO"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
"ArchivedGRID"
Articles Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Clippings (Information Artifacts) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Drawings (visual works) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Journals Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Letters (correspondence) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Maps (documents) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Notes (documents) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Paintings (visual works) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Proclamations Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Speeches (documents) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID

Subject

Heading "CUL Archives:"
"Portal"
"CUL Collections:"
"CLIO"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
"ArchivedGRID"
Anti-Bolshevik Bloc of Nations Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Cossacks Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Kazachʹe nat︠s︡ionalʹno-osvoboditelʹnoe dvizhenie Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Soviet Union -- History -- 20th century Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID

History / Biographical Note

Biographical sketch

Ignat Arkhipovich Bilyi (1887-1973), Supreme Ataman of the Cossacks in Exile, was born on January 1, 1887 in a family of poor cossacks in Kuban region of Russian Empire. As many Kuban cossacks, he considered himself to be ethnic Ukrainian and was a fervent supporter of political unity between Ukraine and Kuban region.

In 1918, he became an active member of the government of the Kuban Peoples Republic, which was an anti-Bolshevik state established by Kuban cossacks and comprised the territory of the modern-day Kuban region in Russia. Before the republic was defeated by Bolsheviks, he was appointed its ambassador to Ukraine and Poland.

He never came back home to Kuban and lived first in Poland and then in the Czech republic where in 1922 he founded the first Cossack newspaper abroad entitled Voice of Cossacks. In 1923, he graduated from the Politechnic Institute in Prague and soon after started the Free Cossacks, a new magazine published twice a month in Ukrainian and Russian.

In the U.S. where Ignat Bilyi immigrated in 1958, he was very active in many anti-Communist groups, namely ABN (Anti-Bolshevik Bloc of Nations ) and KNOD (Cossack National Liberation Movement in the U.S.).

He died on March 28, 1973 and has been buried at Saint Vladimir Russian Cemetery in Jackson, New Jersey.

External users and Columbia affiliates may view materials on-site at RBML. Due to COVID-19 restrictions, only Columbia affiliates may view materials on-site at Avery, Starr, and Burke. After clicking 'Submit Request', users will login with their UNI and password (Columbia affiliates) or their special collections account (external users). Appointments are required and will be arranged according to each individual repository's policy.


Series I: Correspondence, 1920-1973

Series mostly consists of the correspondence related to Bilyi's activities as Ataman, and the journal "Kazak". There is also correspondence related to the activities of anti-Communist groups (such as the Anti-Bolshevik Bloc of Nations - ABN), and some personal correspondence. Arranged chronologically.



Box 1 1920-1964



Box 2 1965-1969



Box 3 1969-1973



Box 5 Envelopes

Series II: Manuscripts and Notes

Series includes articles, reminiscences, drafts of appeals and proclamations, and speeches mostly concerning the Cossack movement, Cossack history, and the anti-Communist movement.



Box 4 Articles, reminiscences, appeals, proclamations, speeches

Series III: Documents, 1919-1970

Series mostly consists of documents regarding KNOD and related organizations for the period ca. 1955-1970; a few documents relate to the Cossacks in 1919-1945.


Documents of interest from the period 1919-1949 include the following:

(in chronological order)



Box 5 Prikaz Kubanskogo Voiskovogo Atamana (po Kubanskomu Kraiu) no. 65, Ekaterinodar, 6 Dec. 1919


Box 5 Report to "Pan Golovnyi Otaman", 10 Aug. 1920, (typescript)


Box 5 Posluzhnyi spisok podkhorunzhago 2 Umanskoi Sotni 2 Svodno-Kubanskogo Polka K. K. V. Prisiagi, 1921, (manuscript)


Box 5 Report to General Weygand about Kuban Cossacks and Volunteer Army, ca. 1920, (manuscript)


Box 5 Otkrytoe pis'mo glavnokomanduiushchemu vooruzhennymi silami komiteta osvobozhdeniia narodov Rossii gen.-leitenantu A. A. Vlasovu, by Gen. P. N. Krasnov, nachal'nik glavnogo upravleniia kazach'ikh voisk, 15 March 1945, (typed copy)


Box 5 Sekretnoe soobshchenie Min. Pol'sk. Pravitel'stva o besede pol'skogo predstavitelia Ponikevskogo s prem'erom Ukrainskogo Pavitel'stva Prof. Mazepoi, 14 May 1949

(handwritten translation from Polish)

Series IV: Photographs


Box 5 Bilyi in Cossack dress


Box 5 Various Cossack emigre organization activities

Series V: Paintings and Drawings

Ovesize materials.



Mapcase 14-K-1 Portraits of Ignat Bilyi and his wife, Tatiana Iur'evna, in national dresses (his Cossack, hers Czech)


Mapcase 14-K-1 Cossack leaders


Mapcase 14-K-1 Cossack heraldry


Mapcase 14-K-1 Map of "Cossackia"

Series VI: Subject Files

Series contains clippings, printed materials, notes, and correspondence related to KNOD, ABN, "Kazak", Ukrainian-Cossack relations, and the Vlasov movement. Arranged in alphabetical order.



Box 6 A-B



Box 7 D-Kap



Box 8 Kaz



Box 9 Kaz-M



Box 10 N-Ne



Box 11 Ne-R



Box 12 S



Box 13 T-V

Series VII: Printed Materials

Series includes newspaper "Kazak", printed ephemera, and newspaper clippings mostly from Russian and Ukrainian emigre publications.



Box 18-51 "Kazak" newspaper; ephemera of KNOD, ABN, and similar organizations



Box 14-17 Newspaper clippings