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   Alice I. Bryan Papers, 1921-1992 [Bulk Dates: 1935-1975].

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Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Alice I. Bryan Papers; Box and Folder; University Archives, Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.

COinS Metadata available (e.g., for Zotero).

Summary Information


Alice I. Bryan was a professor in the School of Library Service (SLS). She also held a Ph.D. in Psychology, and had professional interests in both disciplines. The papers document her professional career; both at Columbia University and with other associations, research, and special projects.

At a Glance

Call No.:UA#0139
Bib ID:6764831 View CLIO record
Creator(s):Bryan, Alice I. (Alice Isabel), 1902-
Title:Alice I. Bryan Papers, 1921-1992 [Bulk Dates: 1935-1975].
Physical description:8.65 linear feet (20 document boxes and 1 card file box).
Language(s):In English
Access: This collection has no restrictions. This collection is located off-site. You will need to request this material at least two business days in advance to use the collection in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room.  More information »



This collection is arranged in six series and several subseries. The first four series follow the outline of Bryan's personal filing code.

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Scope and Content

Dr. Alice I. Bryan was a professor in the School of Library Service (SLS), but she also held a PhD. in Psychology and had professional interests in both disciplines. Bryan's papers document her professional career, and include material on her work at Columbia University and in professional associations, research, and special projects.

Much of the material documents Bryan's career at Columbia University. Bryan kept files on her work both at SLS and within the larger University community. Her SLS records include correspondence, communications with the Dean's office, and material on committee work, curricula, examinations, and for her own courses. Her records related to work in the larger University community include correspondence, committee material, and meeting material for the Women's Faculty Club, School of General Studies, and the University Seminar on Public Communication.

The papers also document Bryan's professional career outside of Columbia University. The records' coverage is strongest from the late 1930s through the 1950s. They document Bryan's research interests, special projects, public speeches, and work in professional associations related to both psychology and librarianship. These associations include the Association of American Library Schools, American Library Association, American Psychological Association, International Council of Women Psychologists, and the National Research Council's Emergency Committee in Psychology. Bryan's files on research interests and projects are divided into three areas within Series II, III, and IV. Bryan kept material related to special projects with her Professional Activities files in Series III, with two exceptions: files related to the library film forum project and the legibility of the Library of Congress Catalog are in the Research--Special subseries of Series II. She also kept a set of Special Subject Files; these make up Series IV. Bryan also kept bibliographies, correspondence, and reprints related to her publications (1930-1952). There is some additional professional material filed in Series V.

There is some documentation of Bryan's academic work in her papers. There are a few research papers from her work on her bachelor's degree (1927-1928). She also kept notebooks and other material from her studies at the Graduate Library School at the University of Chicago (1949-1951).

There is a limited amount of personal material included in the papers. These materials include a few folders of personal correspondence, diaries (1976-1991), photographs, and a file on her personal travel immediately following her retirement (1972-1976).

Bryan had an elaborate personal classification and filing system. Copies of the outline are filed in Box 2. Series I-IV follow the order of this outline, however, many folders in the system did not contain records and have been removed from the collection.

Series I: Columbia University--General, 1938-1974

This series consists of material that is related to Bryan's activities at Columbia University outside of the School of Library Service.

Subseries I.1: General, 1938-1971

includes all of Bryan's employment contracts for Columbia University, as well as general correspondence.

Subseries I.2: Institute of Arts and Sciences, 1942

contains correspondence on Dr. Russell Potter's film forum project.

Subseries I.3: Teachers College, 1944

contains correspondence related to doctoral examinations at the college.

Subseries I.4: Women's Faculty Club, 1941-1952

includes correspondence and files on club committees and on Bryan's service as president and vice-president.

Subseries I.5: School of General Studies, 1947-1951

consists primarily of correspondence, but also includes material from meetings of the Board of Advisors.

Subseries I.6: University Seminar, 1951-1974

Most of the material in this subseries is related to the University Seminar on Public Communication (1951-1965). Bryan chaired the seminar from 1964-1965. The material includes correspondence with the chairman, secretary, and several individual members. The subseries also includes a file on the University Seminar on Death (1971-1974).

Series II: Columbia University--School of Library Service, 1938-1976

This series consists of material related to Bryan's career at the School of Library Service. It also includes material on two research projects undertaken in the 1940s on library film forums and the legibility of the Library of Congress catalog, respectively.

Subseries II.1: General, 1939-1959, 1976

consists of general announcements, correspondence, and faculty meeting material.

Subseries II.2: Dean's Office, 1939-1965

contains correspondence and memoranda sent between Bryan, individual deans, and the dean's office.

Subseries II.3: Committees, 1938-1971

documents Bryan's committee work within the school, and includes files on her work on the curriculum, masters' theses, instruction, research and doctoral committees.

Subseries II.4: Special Conferences, 1944

relates to the planning of a proposed SLS Summer Conference.

Subseries II.5: Examinations, 1940-1970

includes material related to examinations given by the SLS - comprehensive examinations, qualifying examinations for the doctorate, and other graduate examinations. The subseries also includes examinations for Bryan's courses; however, additional course examinations are filed with the course materials in Subseries 9: Courses.

Subseries II.6: Research--Special, 1940-1946

This subseries includes Bryan's research files on library film forums (1940-1946) and the legibility of the Library of Congress catalog (1944-1945). Copies of related publications are filed in Series III, Subseries 5: Publications.

Subseries II.7: Student Research, 1938-1965

consists primarily of general correspondence, manuals, and memoranda on students pursuing masters' or doctoral degrees at SLS.

Subseries II.8: Students, 1938-1969

consists of general correspondence and guidelines on student research and grading policies. The subseries also contains correspondence between Bryan and individual students on research issues.

Subseries II.9: Courses, 1939-1971

includes course outlines, lecture notes, examinations, reading lists, and other material. The files were not kept together in good order, and much of the material is undated.

Series III: Professional Activities--General

This series includes professional correspondence, public speeches, publications, and material related to Bryan's work with professional associations in both librarianship and psychology. The series also includes correspondence, research files, and other material related to several special projects. These projects include Bryan's work on the Public Library Inquiry, which resulted in The Public Librarian.

Subseries III.1: General, 1939-1949

consists of general correspondence.

Subseries III.2: Associations, 1935-1967

consists of correspondence, committee files, and other material related to Bryan's work with professional associations, including the National (later International) Council of Women Psychologists, of which she was a founder, and the National Research Council's Emergency Committee in Psychology (1941-1946).

Subseries III.3: Special Projects

contains material on several of Bryan's special projects including the US Forest Service project, the Public Library Inquiry, her work at the Graduate Library School at the University of Chicago, and other projects on public communications, library education, and library personnel.

Subseries III.4: Public Speeches, 1933-1960

includes general correspondence related to Bryan's public speeches. Most of the correspondence is filed chronologically. Material related to Bryan's 1992 speech at the American Library Association is filed with the Public Library Inquiry material in Subseries 3, above.

Subseries III.5: Publications, 1930-1952

contains a bibliography, reprints, and correspondence related to Bryan's articles, book reviews, and other publications.

Series IV: Special Subjects

This subseries includes bibliographies, correspondence, drafts, and other material related to five main subjects: Bibliography, Hospital Libraries, Values, The Professional Woman, Book on Research Methods, and Communications.

Series VI: Personal Material

This series contains correspondence, diaries, and files on subjects of personal interest. Correspondents include Edwin G. Boring and Paul W. Gallico.

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Using the Collection

Access Restrictions

This collection has no restrictions.

 This collection is located off-site. You will need to request this material at least two business days in advance to use the collection in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room.

Restrictions on Use

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish material from the collection must be requested from the Manuscripts Curator and University Archivist, Rare Book and Manuscript Library (RBML). The RBML approves permission to publish that which it physically owns; the responsibility to secure copyright permission rests with the patron.

Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Alice I. Bryan Papers; Box and Folder; University Archives, Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.

Finding aid in repository; folder level control.

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About the Finding Aid / Processing Information

Columbia University Libraries. Rare Book and Manuscript Library; machine readable finding aid created by Columbia University Libraries Digital Library Program Division

Processing Information

Papers processed Catherine N. Carson

Finding aid written by Catherine N. Carson May 2008.

Machine readable finding aid generated from MARC-AMC source via XSLT conversion September 2, 2008 Finding aid written in English.
    2008-09-02 File created.
    2008-11-14 xml document instance created by Patrick Lawlor
    2009-05-01 xml document instance edited by Carrie Hintz

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Subject Headings

The subject headings listed below are found in this collection. Links below allow searches at Columbia University through the Archival Collections Portal and through CLIO, the catalog for Columbia University Libraries, as well as ArchiveGRID, a catalog that allows users to search the holdings of multiple research libraries and archives.

All links open new windows.


HeadingCUL Archives:
CUL Collections:
Nat'l / Int'l Archives:
Bryan, Alice I. (Alice Isabel), 1902-PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Columbia University.--School of Library Service--Curricula.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Columbia University.--School of Library Service--Faculty.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Columbia University.--University Seminars.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Gallico, Paul, 1897-1976--Correspondence.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
International Council of Psychologists.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Librarians--United States.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Library administration.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Library science--Research--Methodology.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
National Research Council (U.S.).--Emergency Committee in Psychology.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Public Library Inquiry (Project)PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Women psychologists.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID

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History / Biographical Note

Biographical Note

Alice I Bryan was born Alice Isabel Bever on September 11, 1902. She was the second child and only daughter of Ewald Bever, a banker, and Caroline Bever née Lawrence. Bryan grew up in the Arlington section of Kearny, New Jersey.

After finishing high school in 1918, Bryan completed a two-year course of academic and secretarial studies at the extension division of Columbia University and then worked in the publishing industry. She also developed a lifelong interest in theosophy, mysticism, and parapsychology during this period. In 1921, she became an instructor for advertising courses offered by the Extension Division of the YMCA. She remained in this position when the program transferred to the Home Study Division of Columbia University.

Bryan continued to teach advertising courses until 1929. She also earned three degrees in psychology at Columbia University; a bachelor's (1929), a master's (1930) and a PhD. (1934). During the Great Depression, Bryan taught psychology at both Sarah Lawrence College and the Pratt Institute, and also taught a research methods course at the School for Library Service (SLS) at Columbia University. She was later invited to teach a course in psychology for practicing librarians at SLS, and was offered an assistant professorship in 1939. Bryan was also considered a leading theoretician in the field of bibliotherapy (which she defined as, "the prescription of reading materials that will help to develop emotional maturity and sustain mental health") during the 1930s.

During the next two decades, Bryan pursued her interests in psychology and librarianship. She helped to bring women into the mainstream of the profession of psychology, and was a founder of the National Council of Women Psychologists (which became the International Council of Women Psychologists) in 1940. She represented this organization on the National Research Council's Emergency Committee in Psychology during World War II. She also served as executive secretary of the American Association for Applied Psychology, and worked on the revision of by-laws of the American Psychological Association. She published articles on both psychology and on its intersection with librarianship.

Bryan pursued additional training to further her career at SLS and took a sabbatical to pursue a master's degree in library science at the University of Chicago, which she completed in 1951. At the same time, Bryan was recruited to conduct a study of library personnel being undertaken by the Public Library Inquiry (PLI) and the Social Science Research Council with funding from the Carnegie Corporation. Bryan's resulting report, The Public Librarian (1952), was a groundbreaking work for which she had interviewed more than 3,000 librarians in 60 libraries nationwide. The American Library Association (ALA) honored her on the 40th anniversary of its publication in 1992, and she delivered an address on the study and its significance at the ALA convention that year.

Bryan became an Associate Professor at SLS in 1953, and was the first woman to achieve a full professorship at SLS in 1959. She was also instrumental in the creation of its doctoral program, and was the chair of the doctoral committee for many years. She was designated as professor emerita upon her retirement in 1971

Bryan was married three times. Bryan's first marriage to Chester Ward Bryan in 1924 ended in divorce in 1934, but she continued to use his name professionally as it was the name in which she had established herself as a scholar and received her doctorate. Her second marriage to Frank Martin Blasingame, a sculptor and painter, ended in divorce after eight years in 1944. She married George Virgil Fuller, a retired colonel, in 1956. The marriage ended with Fuller's death in 1960. The George Virgil Fuller Award was established at Columbia University in his memory. Bryan had no children. She died on October 30, 1992, of leukemia.

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