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   Double Discovery Center Records, 1965-2005 [Bulk Dates: 1985-1995].

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Preferred Citation

Identification of item; date (if known); box and folder number; Double Discovery Center Records; University Archives and Columbiana Library; Columbia University in the City of New York.

COinS Metadata available (e.g., for Zotero).

Summary Information


Established in 1965 by Columbia University, the Double Discovery Center (DDC) provides educational programs and services to low income and first generation college-bound junior high and high school students in New York City. The DDC is one of the oldest Upward Bound programs in the United States. The collection contains the records of the DDC from 1965 to 2005, including student files and materials documenting the DDC’s primary programs, Upward Bound and Talent Search.

At a Glance

Call No.:UA #012
Bib ID:5410439 View CLIO record
Creator(s):Columbia College (Columbia University). Double Discovery Center.
Title:Double Discovery Center Records, 1965-2005 [Bulk Dates: 1985-1995].
Physical description:61.5 linear feet (51 record cartons, 20 archival boxes, 1 half-size archival box).
Language(s):In English
Access: Periodized administrative restrictions; contact the University Archives for information. This collection is located off-site. You will need to request this material at least two business days (48) hours in advance to use the collection in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room.  More information »



Arranged in five series:

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Scope and Content

The collection documents the activities of the Double Discovery Center through correspondence, meeting minutes, financial documents, reports, curricula, grant proposals, and Center and student publications.

Series I: Double Discovery Center, 1960-2007

This series is divided into eight subseries, which include the Office of the Director, Board of Friends, Finances, Scholarships, Students, Alumni, Academics, and Publications.

Subseries I.1: Office of the Director, 1960-2005

The Office of the Director subseries includes material that belonged to current and past Executive Directors of the DDC. Executive Directories have included: Larry Dais (1969-1981), Paula Martin (1981-1985), Glenn Hopkins (1985-1990), Kevin C. Matthews (1990-1998), and Olger C. Twyner, III (1998-Present). These files consist of addresses, reports, testimony to the United States Senate by Larry Dais, press releases, DDC anniversary materials, a copy of the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964, and information about TRIO. Correspondence of the Director is not located in this sub-series, but can be found throughout the rest of the collection.

Subseries 1.2: Board of Friends, 1985-1999

The Board of Friends subseries contains charters, correspondence, meeting minutes, and reports of The Board of Friends. This subseries also contains the records of the Fund Development Committee. Established by the Board of Friends in 1984, the Fund Development Committee organizes outreach activities for the DDC.

Subseries 1.3: Finances, 1971-2003

This series is comprised of two sub-groups: Donation and Grant Transactions, and Fundraising Activities. Arranged by account number, Donation and Grant Transaction files include receipts and correspondence that document funds received by the DDC. Fundraising files are comprised of grant proposals, correspondence, letters, and newsletters. Also in these files are quarterly and annual performance reports that were issued by the DDC in order to remain compliant with federal guidelines. Note that some grant proposals and performance reports are located in the Upward Bound and Talent Search series. Information regarding benefits and the Fun Run, created to help raise funds for the DDC, is also included in this subseries.

Subseries 1.4: Scholarships, 1985-2004

This subseries consists of correspondence, essay and speech topics, along with applications for the Elizabeth H. Piper Scholarship. Established in 1984 by philanthropist Elizabeth H. Piper, this scholarship provides funds to a select number of DDC students for college tuition.

Subseries 1.5: Students, 1988-1991

This series includes college placement forms and student rosters.

Subseries 1.6: Alumni, 1981-1999

This subseries is comprised of alumni information forms, lists, newsletters, and photographs that document alumni activities of the DDC. Also included in this subseries is the Alumni Attainment Study, which was conducted by the DDC in 1995.

Subseries 1.7: Academics, 1981-2001

The Academics subseries includes memorandum, lesson plans, and college planning materials. This sub-series also contains SAT and PSAT Preparation materials, which consist of DDC prepared syllabi, instructor and student preparation manuals, practice tests, and course evaluations.

Subseries 1.8: Publications, 1965-2007

The Publications subseries contains DDC publications and includes annual, summary, and final reports, handbooks, and newsletters. This subseries also includes student publications, as well as essay and literary journals written by DDC students.

Series II: Upward Bound, 1965-1996

This series holds information on the Upward Bound program and the College Discovery and Development Program at City University of New York (CUNY). These files include parent and student information, Upward Bound staff and student handbooks, correspondence and memorandum, "director lists" (honor roll), program objectives, grant proposals, quarterly reports, and academic programming materials. Additional Upward Bound files can be found in Series I: Double Discovery Center, 1960-2007.

Series III: Talent Search, 1976-1998

Files in this series contain information on the Talent Search program. Documents include class notes, conference and workshop materials, "director's and honors lists," exams, grant proposals, final reports, quarterly reports, and the text of the Seventh and Eighth Grade Early Intervention Initiative. Additional Talent Search files can be found in Series I: Double Discovery Center, 1960-2007.

Series IV: Other Programs, 1988-1996

Series IV contains information on the other programs at DDC, including Brother's of New Direction (BOND), Latino Project Discover, Reaching Youth Through Saturday Education Alliance, and Youth Education Through Sports. Two other programs at DDC were the Bridge Volunteer Program and Career Beginnings. While there are no specific files on these programs, information on the Bridge Volunteer Program and Career Beginnings can be found in Series I: Double Discovery Center Series, 1960-2007.

Series V: Student Files, 1990-2003

This series comprises individual student files for those enrolled in both Upward Bound and Talent Search programs. Documents include applications, household tax information, test results, health forms, worksheets, student art, some correspondence, student evaluation forms, and "bowl scores". Students that were in the Upward Bound program earned "bowl score" numbers, which are used by the DDC staff to measure student participation and overall success in the program. This series was originally organized by the program and year. However, for access purposes, the files have been rearranged in alphabetical order by the student's last name. Files for a student from multiple years have been combined into one file per name.

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Using the Collection

Access Restrictions

Periodized administrative restrictions; contact the University Archives for information.

 This collection is located off-site. You will need to request this material at least two business days (48) hours in advance to use the collection in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room.

Restrictions on Use

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish material from the collection must be requested from the Director, University Archives and Columbiana Library. The Library has no information on the status of literary rights in the collection, and researchers are responsible for determining any question of copyright.

Preferred Citation

Identification of item; date (if known); box and folder number; Double Discovery Center Records; University Archives and Columbiana Library; Columbia University in the City of New York.

Selected Related Material at Columbia

Office of Public Affairs, 1947-1998: Double Discovery Negatives

Central Files: The Administrative Records of Columbia University, 1890-1971.

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About the Finding Aid / Processing Information

Columbia University Archives; machine readable finding aid created by Columbia University Libraries Digital Library Program Division

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Megan A. Hibbitts (project archivist), Jocelyn K. Wilk, Ranya Abdelsayed (GSAS 2005), Kristen Bogee, Douglas DiCarlo, and Paschal Magele. Finding aid written by Megan Hibbitts in 2005; reformatted by Carolyn Smith and Jocelyn Wilk in October 2008.

Processing of the Double Discovery Center Records was made possible by a grant from the New York State Archives, Documentary Heritage Program, "Columbia University's Educational Initiatives, 1953-1983: The Emergence of Policies and Programs for K-12 Minority Education." (Project #0375-05-4133).

Machine readable finding aid generated from MARC-AMC source via XSLT conversion October 29, 2009 Finding aid written in English.
    2011-11-17 xml document instance created by Carrie Hintz

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Subject Headings

The subject headings listed below are found in this collection. Links below allow searches at Columbia University through the Archival Collections Portal and through CLIO, the catalog for Columbia University Libraries, as well as ArchiveGRID, a catalog that allows users to search the holdings of multiple research libraries and archives.

All links open new windows.

Additional Creators

HeadingCUL Archives:
CUL Collections:
Nat'l / Int'l Archives:
Dais, Larry.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Hopkins, Glenn.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Lehecka, Roger.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Martin, Paula.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Matthews, Kevin C.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Shenton, James Patrick, 1925-PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Twyner, Olger C.,--III.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID


HeadingCUL Archives:
CUL Collections:
Nat'l / Int'l Archives:
Forms (documents).PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Press Releases.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID


HeadingCUL Archives:
CUL Collections:
Nat'l / Int'l Archives:
Columbia College (Columbia University)PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Columbia University.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Education--New York (State)PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Education--United States.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Minority students--Civil rights--New York Metropolitan Area.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Minority students--Civil rights--United States.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Minority students--Rating of.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Minority students--United States.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
United States.--Civil Rights Act of 1964.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
United States.--Community Services Administration.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
United States.--Office of Economic Opportunity.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID

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History / Biographical Note


On August 20, 1964, President Lyndon Johnson signed the Economic Opportunity Act (EOA), which was the centerpiece of his "War on Poverty" legislative agenda. This legislation created government funded programs that provided the opportunity for economically disadvantaged Americans to develop skills, continue their education, and find employment. The EOA established the Office of Economic Opportunity (OEO). Directed by Sargent Shriver, the OEO created programs such as Head Start and Job Corps. The passage of the EOA by the United States Congress marked the beginning of the “Great Society” legislation of Johnson. Based on the “New Frontier” Program of President John F. Kennedy, this legislation established Title VII of the Civil Rights Act, Medicare, and Medicaid.

The goals of the War on Poverty inspired the Columbia College Citizenship Council to establish a summer tutoring program for low-income students who lived in neighborhoods adjacent to Columbia University. The Columbia College Citizenship Council was a student committee that directed the Columbia College Citizenship Program. Steven Weinberg (CC 1966), Chairman of the Citizenship Council, Roger Lehecka (CC 1967), Professor James P. Shenton, and Dean John W. Alexander, submitted a grant proposal in the spring of 1965 to the OEO requesting funds for this new program. With the assistance of Arnold Saltzman (CC 1936) whose contacts included Congressman Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. and Director Sargent Shriver, Columbia University was awarded an initial grant of $157,020 from the OEO to establish Project Double Discovery (PDD). The name derived from the “double discovery” that was made by both the students and staff of the students academic potential. PDD was one of seventeen pilot Upward Bound programs in the United States.

In July of 1965, PDD initiated their first summer Upward Bound program. The program consisted of 160 high school students who were identified as having strong academic potential, but lacked the motivation that was necessary to seek a higher education. The College Discovery and Development Program (CDD) -- established in 1965 by the City University of New York (CUNY) and the New York City Board of Education to provide tutoring and college counseling to economically disadvantaged students--selected the initial PDD participants from 600 individuals already enrolled in the CDD program. Since CDD was an academic-year program, the educational assistance during the summer from PDD served to complement the efforts of CDD.

During the eight-week Upward Bound summer program, students lived in Columbia University campus housing and were supervised by Columbia and Barnard College student counselors. From Monday to Friday, students were expected to attend classes from 8 a.m. to 1p.m. Two hour-long afternoon study sessions followed their lunch break. One afternoon during the week, students traveled on short field trips to museums, government agencies, and important local institutions such as the United Nations. Murray Bromberg, a teacher at Thomas Jefferson High School in Brooklyn, directed this initial 1965 summer program; Dean Alexander supervised him. Weinberg was Assistant Director of PDD and Lehecka his assistant.

In 1966, after the first summer program, the OEO increased funding to PDD to $317,000. In 1968, OEO Director Sargent Shriver expanded the Upward Bound program to provide academic assistance to over 20,000 low-income high school students nationwide. As a result of this increased funding, PDD became a year round program that provided after school and Saturday tutoring. Due to similarities between the new year-round version of PDD and the CDD, the relationship between the two programs would eventually terminate in 1973. In order to extend their services to more students, the Talent Search program was created at PDD in 1977. With the addition of the Talent Search program, PDD changed its name, in 1985, to the Double Discovery Center (DDC). Both Talent Search and Upward Bound programs provide academic classes, tutoring, college advising, personal development workshops, and counseling services. However, Upward Bound students are required to participate in all DDC activities. Students enrolled in the Talent Search program are encouraged to participate in these activities, but it is not required. Both programs receive funding from the government through the Higher Education Act of 1965--Special Programs for Students from Disadvantaged Backgrounds (generally referred to as TRIO). Additional funding comes from both state and local grants along with private donations.

Originally created by the students of the Columbia College Citizenship Program, the DDC became a separate department under the Dean of Columbia College in 1980. The Executive Director of the DDC monitors all services provided by the organization. In order to improve the DDC, the Board of Friends was organized in 1984 to monitor and evaluate the delivery of program services. The Board of Friends makes recommendations for the overall improvement of the DDC. Standing committees organized by the Board include: Fund Development, Mentoring and Volunteerism, Nominating, and Program. The Director of the DDC holds a position on the Board of Friends. Assistant directors for both Upward Bound and Talent Search provide assistance to the Director in the management of DDC.

The DDC further expanded their organization in the 1980s and 1990s. Career Beginnings was established in the 1980s and provided career awareness to the students of the DDC. However, this program was discontinued in 1990. Other programs at the DDC include: Brothers of a New Direction (BOND), Reaching Youth Through Saturday Education (RYSE), Latino Project Discover, Sonya Kovalesvskaya High School Math Days, Young Achievers, Young Womens Alliance, and Youth Education Through Sports (YES). In an attempt to reach junior high school students prior to entering high school, DDC expanded their Talent Search program in 1991 to seventh and eighth grade students in the city. This was accomplished through the creation of the Seventh and Eight Grade Early Intervention Initiative (EII). In honor of the 30th anniversary of the program, the DDC conducted an Alumni Attainment Survey in 1995. Of the 352 responses, 98% enrolled in college and 66% graduated from college. In 1998, President Bill Clinton praised the DDC for its program designed to reduce racial disparities through education.

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