Columbia University Archives
 

Harold L. Cross papers, 1943-1944

Summary Information

At a Glance

Call No.: UA#0024
Bib ID 4080192 View CLIO record
Creator(s) Cross, Harold L
Title Harold L. Cross papers, 1943-1944
Physical Description 0.42 linear feet (1 document box)
Language(s) English .
Access

This collection is located off-site. You will need to request this material at least three business days in advance to use the collection in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room.

This collection has no restrictions.

Arrangement

Arrangement

This collection is arranged in one series: Series I: Harold L. Cross papers, 1943-1944.

Description

Summary

Cross's papers consist of a diary and a series of letters written chiefly to wife Elaine during his residence in China and while en route. The letters to his wife from Chungking were numbered seriatim and are arranged in chronological order per the numbering by Cross on the envelopes, most of which are present. The chronological order refers to the dates written; the letters were often posted or received well after composition. One or two are missing, were withdrawn, or contain a numbering error.

The letters contain expressions of affection and are filled with comments and observances of wartime China and Cross's friends, colleagues, and Chinese students. Letters written while on his way across the Pacific from California to China in 1943 received wartime censorship. Most of the letters are typed on onionskin paper, sometimes in very pale red ink, and must be handled carefully.

The diary kept during his stay in Chungking was written in pencil on the front and back pages, carefully numbered, of a very small notebook.

Using the Collection

Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Restrictions on Access

This collection is located off-site. You will need to request this material at least three business days in advance to use the collection in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room.

This collection has no restrictions.

Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Harold L. Cross Papers; Box and Folder; University Archives, Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Columbia University in the City of New York.

Related Materials

For additional information on Harold L. Cross, please consult Central Files (UA#0001), the Historical biographical files (UA#0004), the Historical photograph collection (UA#0003), and the Graduate School of Journalism records (UA#0065).

Accruals

No additions are expected.

Ownership and Custodial History

Gift of a family member, 2001. Donated to the University Archives by Prof. Cross's son, Malcolm, through the agency of Prof. Jim Boylan (Accession #2001-043).

About the Finding Aid / Processing Information

Columbia University Libraries, Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Marilyn Pettit in March 2003.

Revision Description

2020-04-15 Full finding aid (JR)

Subject Headings

The subject headings listed below are found in this collection. Links below allow searches at Columbia University through the Archival Collections Portal and through CLIO, the catalog for Columbia University Libraries, as well as ArchiveGRID, a catalog that allows users to search the holdings of multiple research libraries and archives.

All links open new windows.

Genre/Form

Heading "CUL Archives:"
"Portal"
"CUL Collections:"
"CLIO"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
"ArchivedGRID"
Correspondence Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Diary Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID

Subject

Heading "CUL Archives:"
"Portal"
"CUL Collections:"
"CLIO"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
"ArchivedGRID"
Columbia University. Chinese Graduate School of Journalism Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Columbia University. Graduate School of Journalism Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
United States -- History -- 20th century -- World War, 1939-1945 -- China Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID

History / Biographical Note

Biographical Note

Harold Livingston Cross (1890-1959) was a professor and Associate Dean of the School of Journalism at Columbia University.

Cross was legal counsel for the New York Herald Tribune and the New York Evening Post. He also served on the faculty of the Graduate School of Journalism at Columbia University from 1937 to 1950. He taught courses on the history of press freedom, libel and newspaper law. In 1943, on leave from Columbia, he opened China's first graduate school of journalism in Chung-King for the Chinese government. He and three American journalists taught classes under the auspices of the Central Political Institute of China.

In 1953, Cross published his book "The People's Right to Know: Legal Access to Public Records and Proceedings," written as legal counsel to the American Society of Newspaper Editors (ASNE). This work is widely credited with creating the language of the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) and for laying the groundwork for the legislation related to access to public records. The text became the standard legal resource for journalists and others engaged in obtaining information from local, state and Federal agencies.