Columbia University Archives
 

University Protest and Activism Collection, 1958-2018, bulk 1968-1972

Series XIV: Photographs and Negatives

This series consists of approximately 7,100 photographic negatives almost entirely in 35 mm black and white format, 41 color transparency slides, five reels of 16 mm black and white film, and approximately 300 8 x 10 inch black and white glossy prints with eleven related contact sheets and two folders of administrative documents and clippings belonging to John C. Gardner, Columbia University's Director of Buildings and Grounds.

The images depict protest, activism and campus life, and off campus protests, between the fall of 1967 and 1973, primarily from the perspective of student and university photographers, with a particular focus on the 1968 student strike, or Columbia Crisis. The John C. Gardner Files subseries contains photographs used to identify participants and leaders in the immediate aftermath of the April 23-May 1 campus occupation in 1968, as well as to document and assess damage to buildings and grounds.

The negatives and slides in this series were made by Columbia students primarily for university publications including the Columbia Daily Spectator, Columbia College Today, and the Columbian yearbook, while some appear to have been made recreationally. Some of the photographs were published and disseminated widely around the time of the 1968 student strike, including in Life magazine and internationally, entering into the iconography and public visual discourse of the event and era. Some images have also been republished in subsequent histories of the crisis.

The negatives were collected by documentary filmmaker Paul Cronin for use in his film, A Time to Stir, and deposited at the Rare Books and Manuscripts Library between 2008 and 2009.

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Subseries XIV.1: David Bogorad Negatives, 1967-1968

This subseries contains approximately 3,500 black and white 35 mm negatives made by David Bogorad (CC 1970) over the course of 1968 for theColumbianyearbook, including photographs of student groups, academics and athletic events interspersed with images from the campus occupation and crisis of April and May 1968.



Box 70 Folder 1 Columbian Negatives (1-20), Circa 1967 Fall – 1968 Spring, 1967, 1968


Box 70 Folder 2 Columbian Negatives (21-40), Circa 1967 Fall – 1968 Spring, 1967, 1968


Box 70 Folder 3 Columbian Negatives (41-60), Circa 1967 Fall – 1968 Spring, 1967, 1968


Box 70 Folder 4 Columbian Negatives (61-80), Circa 1967 Fall – 1968 Spring, 1967, 1968


Box 70 Folder 5 Columbian Negatives (81-94), Circa 1967 Fall – 1968 Spring, 1967, 1968


Subseries XIV.2: Steve Ditlea Color Slides, 1968-1973

Forty-one color transparency slides made between 1968 and 1973 by Steve Ditlea (CC 1969) document the May 1968 Columbia Counter-commencement, as well as apparent off-campus and on-campus anti-war protests between 1969 and 1973. A sequence of ten slides from June 4, 1969, depict students in their graduation gowns leaving the Cathedral of St. John the Divine for a Counter-commencement on the steps of Low Library. The slides have been arranged in chronological order.


Box 70 Folder 6 Protest and Activism, 1968-1973, undated, 1968-1973, undated

(Including Columbia Counter-commencement)


Subseries XIV.3: Alan Epstein Negatives, 1968

This subseries contains approximately 300 black and white 35 mm, and 40 medium format, negatives made by Columbia student Alan Epstein of protests on and off campus, and of the student strike and building occupations around April and May 1968. Alan Epstein's photographs from the crisis appeared in Spring 1968 inColumbia College Today.


Box 70 Folder 7 Columbia 1968, 1968 Spring, 1968, 1968


Subseries XIV.4: David Finck Negatives, 1968

This series is comprised of approximately 1900 black and white 35 mm negatives, and accompanying log sheets, compiled in a binder and used by the staff of theColumbia Daily Spectator,and its photography editor, David Finck (CC 1969), in the Spring of 1968 to organize and keep track of the newspaper's photographic coverage of the student strike.

The binder is divided into two volumes. Volume One begins on April 23, the first day of the strike, and covers the period of the occupation of five campus buildings, including images from inside them, ending with the police intervention and arrests on April 30 and May 1. Volume Two covers the period from May 2 to May 19, including the police intervention and subsequent campus protests, as well as visits to campus by figures in politics and counterculture. Log sheets at the beginning of each folder provide a guide to the negatives, however not all of the original images remain.

Includes the work ofSpectatorphotographers David Clapp (CC 1971), Craig Ellenbogen (CC 1971), David Finck, Richard Howard (CC 1969) and Allen Wasserman (CC 1971).

Negatives in the David Finck subseries have been transferred to archival negative sleeves, preserving the original order of the negative rows, and placed in folders with their original log sheets and dividers. Folders correspond primarily to single days of the crisis.


Box 70 Folder 8 Volume 1--Columbia Crisis, First Day (Tuesday), 1968 April 23


Box 70 Folder 9 Volume 1--Columbia Crisis, Second Day (Wednesday), 1968 April 24


Box 70 Folder 10 Volume 1--Columbia Crisis, Third Day (Thursday), 1968 April 25


Box 70 Folder 11 Volume 1--Columbia Crisis, Fourth Day (Friday), 1968 April 26


Box 70 Folder 12 Volume 1--Columbia Crisis, Fifth Day (Saturday), 1968 April 27


Box 70 Folder 13 Volume 1--Columbia Crisis, Sixth Day (Sunday), 1968 April 28


Box 70 Folder 14 Volume 1--Columbia Crisis, Seventh Day (Monday), 1968 April 29


Box 70 Folder 15 Volume 2--Columbia Crisis, Bust, 1968 April 30


Box 70 Folder 16 Volume 2--Columbia Crisis, Ninth Day, 1968 May 1


Box 70 Folder 17 Volume 2--Columbia Crisis, Tenth Day, 1968 May 2


Box 70 Folder 18 Volume 2--Columbia Crisis, Weekend, 1968 May 3-May 5, 1968 May


Box 70 Folder 19 Volume 2--Columbia Crisis, First Day of Strike, 1968 May 6


Box 70 Folder 20 Volume 2--Columbia Crisis, Tuesday, 1968 May 7


Box 70 Folder 21 Volume 2--Columbia Crisis, Wednesday, 1968 May 8


Box 70 Folder 22 Volume 2--Columbia Crisis, Thursday, 1968 May 9


Box 70 Folder 23 Volume 2--Columbia Crisis, Friday-Saturday, 1968 May 10-May 11, 1968 May


Box 70 Folder 24 Volume 2--Columbia Crisis, Monday-Wednesday, 1968 May 13-May 15, 1968 May


Box 70 Folder 25 Volume 2--Columbia Crisis, Mini Bust, 1968 May 17


Box 70 Folder 26 Volume 2--Columbia Crisis, The Third Bust (Reoccupation of Hamilton),, 1968 May 21-22


Box 70 Folder 27 Volume 2--Columbia Crisis, Post Bust, 1968 May 22


Box 70 Folder 28 Volume 2--Columbia Crisis Life Photos and Others, 1968 April-May


Subseries XIV.5: Richard Howard Negatives, 1968

This subseries contains approximately 1100 black and white 35 mm negatives made by photographer Richard Howard (CC 1969) in Spring 1968 that document protest and activism on and off the Columbia campus, and primarily the student strike from late-April to early-May. Several of these photographs were published in theSpectatorduring the crisis, and subsequently republished. Four negatives depict members of the Grateful Dead playing a concert outside of Ferris Booth Hall on May 3, 1968. The negatives found in Box 73 are part of accession 2012.2013.M111


Box 70 Folder 29 Student Protests, 1968 April 23-May 1


Box 70 Folder 30 Student Protests, 1968 Spring, 1968


Box 70 Folder 31 Student Protests, 1968 Spring, 1968



Box 73 Folder 32 Negatives of photographs by Richard Howard, 1967


Subseries XIV.6: Lee Pearcy Negatives, 1967-1970

This subseries contains approximately 300 black and white 35 mm negatives made by Columbia student Lee Pearcy in Spring 1968, primarily of the crisis and building occupations, as well as related off-campus student and community protests. A large number of the images contain signs, graffiti and other visual symbols of the events. One of the photographs in this series was used for the cover of the 2009 book,Harlem vs. Columbia University: Black Student Power in the Late 1960sby Stefan M. Bradley. There are also two folders of collected periodicals and ephemera related to the student protests and activism of the time.



Box 71 Folder 1 Student Protests, 1968 Spring, 1968


Box 71 Folder 2 Newspapers and Ephemera, 1967-1970


Box 71 Folder 3 Newspapers and Ephemera, 1967-1970


Subseries XIV.7: Other and Unidentified Photographers, 1967-1970


Box 71 Folder 4 Unknown Photographers, 1967-1970



Box 87 Folder 16 Charles Wall Photographs, 1968

Color slides and prints from slides of campus protests and police presence.


Box 87 Folder 17 Paul Lehner Photographs, 1968

Color photographs and negatives of campus during April and May of 1968


Subseries XIV.8: John C. Gardner Files, 1967-1970

This subseries includes approximately 300 mostly high quality and visually compelling 8 x 10 inch glossy black and white prints, and eleven related contact sheets, of campus protest and activism between 1967 and 1970, many of which appear to have been made by Columbia University photographer Manny Warman. About half of the prints are of events on campus during the student strike in April and May of 1968, including daytime images of students standing on the ledges of Low Library, and of the occupation of the Mathematics building. A significant number of photographs document damage to buildings and evidence of their occupation by students. The subseries also contains photographs of campus protest and activism following the Spring 1968 strike, including SDS-led strikes and building occupations between March and May of 1969.

There are also two folders of administrative documents and clippings, including arrest reports, collected ephemera, memoranda and correspondence belonging to John C. Gardner, Columbia University's Director of Buildings and Grounds. Many of the prints contain notations used to identify students for disciplinary action. A small number of the prints, and some images in the clippings, contain small white stickers identifying students by name and class year.

Many of the prints in the John C. Gardner Files subseries contain markings and notations used to reestablish the sequences and original order of the photographs, and to help identify time, place and significant individuals. A small number of the prints, and some of the images in newspaper articles in a related folder of clippings, contain white stickers identifying students by name and class year.



Box 72 Folder 1 Views of Morningside Park: Exhibit 1 and 2, Undated


Box 72 Folder 2 Site of Ornamental Gate Installation, 116th Broadway, 1967 August 9


Box 72 Folder 3 Prints Used to Identify Participants and Leaders of Strike, Circa, 1968 April-May


Box 72 Folder 4 Prints Used to Identify Participants and Leaders of Strike for Exhibit,, 1968 April-May

(in plastic sleeves)


Box 72 Folder 5 Clippings, Including Some Annotations, and Memos Used by Administration to Identify Students,, 1968 April-June


Box 72 Folder 6 Documents Relating to the Columbia Crisis Collected by James Gardner, Director of Buildings and Grounds, Including Arrest Reports, Circa, 1968 June


Box 72 Folder 7 Student Strike (General), Circa 1968 April 23-May, 1968 April

(Includes Dean Henry Coleman Speaking With Students and Press Outside, Anti-SDS Demonstrations, Rally to Support Liberated Classes, Crowds Outside Hamilton, Fayerweather and Mathematics, Agit-Prop Theater, Faculty on Low Steps, Strike Signage, Press Conference with Alan Westin, H. Rap Brown, Lionel Trilling [?], WKCR Announcer, Grayson Kirk and David Truman Walking on Campus)


Box 72 Folder 8 Students Occupying Low and Mathematics Buildings, Circa 1968 April 23-May 1, 1968 April

(Includes Images of Students Standing at Ledges of Windows)


Box 72 Folder 9 Students Occupying Low and Mathematics Buildings, 1968 April 28

(Includes Images of Students Standing at Ledges of Windows)


Box 72 Folder 10 Students Occupying Low and Mathematics Buildings, 1968 April 29

(Includes Images of Students Standing at Ledges of Windows)


Box 72 Folder 11 Students Occupying Low and Mathematics Buildings, 1968 April 30

(Includes Images of Students Standing at Ledges of Windows)


Box 72 Folder 12 Damage to Insides of Buildings, Circa, 1968 April-May


Box 72 Folder 13 Contact Sheets, Circa 1968 Spring, 1968


Box 72 Folder 14 Students Leaving Fayerweather Hall, Photograph by Professor L. Cohen,, 1968 May 1


Box 72 Folder 15 Students Leaving Buildings, Police Taking Down Signs, Circa, 1968 May


Box 72 Folder 16 Rally on Low Steps, Circa, 1968 April-May

(Includes Gus Reichbach and Florence Kennedy)


Box 72 Folder 17 Press Conference on Low Steps, Circa, 1968 April-May


Box 72 Folder 18 Speakers in Front of Low, 1:15 pm-2 pm, 1968 May 8

(Includes Mark Rudd)


Box 72 Folder 19 Student Band, Dada, Plays in Front of Ferris Booth Hall, 2 pm,, 1968 May 8


Box 72 Folder 20 Speakers on College Walk, 6 pm, 1968 May 8


Box 72 Folder 21 Students Standing on Ledge of Journalism School, 7:30 pm, 1968 May 8


Box 72 Folder 22 Rally on Low Steps, 1968 May 9


Box 72 Folder 23 Demonstration and Speeches at Sundial with Press, 4:15 pm-4:45 pm,, 1968 May 22

(Includes Ron Carver, Mark Rudd, William Sales, and possibly Erich Fromm)


Box 72 Folder 24 Student Rally, Hamilton Hall, 5:30 pm, 1968 May 22


Box 72 Folder 25 Graduate Faculties Student Lounge, Philosophy Hall, 9:30 pm, 1968 May 22


Box 72 Folder 26 Damage to Buildings and Grounds, 1968 May 22

(Includes Abram Plaza, Avery, Earl Hall Fence, Engineering Terrace, Fayerweather, Kent, Hamilton, Havemeyer, Exterior of President's Office, Low Library, Schermerhorn, Uris)


Box 72 Folder 27 Prints of Campus Demonstrations and Takeover of Schermerhorn Hall, Dated September 18, 1968 Circa 1968 Spring-Fall, September 18, 1968, 1968

(Includes Peter Clapp, Henry Gehman, Michael Klare, Greg Knox, Dino Pavan)


Box 72 Folder 28 Student Strike at NYU Over the Dismissal of John Hatchett, Director of King Center, 1968 October 11-October 17, 1968 October


Box 72 Folder 29 Gus Reichbach Trial, 1968 Nov 19, 1968


Box 72 Folder 30 Students Walking by Columbia Gates, 116th Street and Broadway, Circa 1968 Spring, 1968


Box 72 Folder 31 Student Registration, Low Library Rotunda, Circa, 1969 January 31


Box 72 Folder 32 Student Registration, Low Library Rotunda, Circa, 1969 January 31


Box 72 Folder 33 Student Strike, Columbia Campus, 1969 March 25

(Includes Student Homophile League)


Box 72 Folder 34 Occupation of Mathematics Building, 1969 April 30

(Outside of Math Library and Class Leaving Through Windows)


Box 72 Folder 35 Occupation of Mathematics Building, 1969 April 30

(Includes Rally and Strike Leaders Talking to Press)


Box 72 Folder 36 Occupation of Fayerweather and Mathematics Buildings, 1969 April 30

(Includes Reading of Injunction During Evening, Student Activity Outside North Side Chapel)


Box 72 Folder 37 Occupation of Fayerweather and Mathematics Buildings, Circa 1969 April 30-May 1, 1969 April


Box 72 Folder 38 Occupation of Fayerweather and Mathematics Buildings, Circa, 1969 May 1

(Includes Damage to Interiors and Evidence of Occupation, and Weapons Made by Students)


Box 72 Folder 39 Columbia Commencement with Student Protests, 1969 June 3


Box 72 Folder 40 Group Shots of Columbia Staff At Event, Circa, 1968-1969


Box 72 Folder 41 Fire Damage to Bulletin Board, Music Department, Dodge Hall, 1970 October 12


Box 72 Folder 42 Views of Tops of Campus Buildings, 4 x 6 color prints, undated


Box 72 Folder 43 Student Strike, Miscellaneous, Circa, 1968-1969


Box 72 Folder 44 Five Rolls of 16 mm Black and White Film, Including Some Footage of Campus Protests, Circa, 1969


Subseries XIV.9: Pieter Boikent Photographs, 1968

This subseries consists of (25) 3.5" x 5" black and white photographs and the original negatives taken by Pieter Bokent who was a student on campus in 1968. The photographs depict students, faculty and police on campus during the 1968 crisis. This set of photos is notable for including many images of black students on campus and black neighbors protesting just outside the campus gates.



Box 71 Folder 4 Pieter Boikent Photographs and Negatives, 1968


Subseries XIV.10: University Photographs, 1968-1969

Created and maintained by University administration, this subseries consists of black-and-white prints and contact sheets depicting events on campus primarily from the spring of 1968. Images also document damage to University property in 1968 and 1969. Many of the images in these folders were created by the University Photographer and correspond to negatives found in Series IV of theOffice of Public Affairs Photograph Collection(UA#0009).



Box 85 Folder 1 Avery and Fayerweather, 1968

(prints)


Box 85 Folder 2 Mathematics, Exterior and Interior, 1968

(prints)


Box 85 Folder 3 Low, Exterior and Surrounding Area, 1968

(prints)


Box 85 Folder 4 Off Campus, 1968

(prints)


Box 85 Folder 5 Campus: Low Plaza, College Walk, South Field, 1968

(prints)


Box 85 Folder 6 Strike, 1968

(prints)


Box 85 Folder 7 Votes At: Chapel, Philosophy, Ramp to Low, 1968

(prints)


Box 85 Folder 8 Close-up People, 1968

(prints)


Box 85 Folder 9 Low and Other Interiors, no people, 1968

(prints)


Box 85 Folder 10 Hamilton Hall, 1968

(prints)


Box 85 Folder 11 Athletics Office Damage, 1969

(prints)



Box 86 Folder 1 Commencement/Counter Commencement, 1968 June 4, 1968

(photo: Noble; contact sheets)


Box 86 Folder 2 Office Damage, Low Library, 1968

(prints)


Box 86 Folder 3 Mark Rudd Press Conference; Campus Shots, 1968 April 27, 1968

(contact sheets; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 1 Roll 6)


Box 86 Folder 4 Mark Rudd and Other Student Protestors Speaker, 1968 April 28, 1968

(contact sheets; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 1 Roll 10)


Box 86 Folder 5 Faculty; Westin and Wallenstein, Outside Hamilton Hall; College Walk, 1968 April 28, 1968

(contact sheets; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 1 Roll 14)


Box 86 Folder 6 Faculty After Meeting-B, 1968 April 28, 1968

(contact sheets; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 1 Roll 15)


Box 86 Folder 7 Outside Hamilton Hall, Low Library, 1968 April 28, 1968

(contact sheets; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 1 Roll 16)


Box 86 Folder 8 Faculty and Majority Coalition Outside Low Library, 1968 April 28, 1968

(corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 1 Roll 17)


Box 86 Folder 9 Demonstrators Outside Low Library and Low Windows, 1968 April 29, 1968

(contact sheets; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 1 Roll 21)


Box 86 Folder 10 Demonstrators Outside Low Library and Outside Low Windows, 1968 April 29, 1968

(contact sheets; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 1 Roll 22)


Box 86 Folder 11 Demonstrators Outside Low Windows, 1968 April 29, 1968

(contact sheets; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 1 Roll 23)


Box 86 Folder 12 Demonstrators and Faculty Outside Low Library, 1968 April 29, 1968

(contact sheets; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 1 Roll 24)


Box 86 Folder 13 Demonstration Aftermath Inside Buildings, 1968 April 30, 1968

(contact sheets; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 1 Roll 27)


Box 86 Folder 14 Demonstration Aftermath Inside and Outside Buildings, 1968 April 30, 1968

(contact sheets; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 1 Roll 28)


Box 86 Folder 15 Demonstration Aftermath Inside Buildings, 1968 April 30, 1968

(contact sheets; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 1 Roll 30)


Box 86 Folder 16 Demonstration Aftermath Inside Buildings, 1968 April 30, 1968

(contact sheets; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 1 Roll 31)


Box 86 Folder 17 Damage, 1968 April 30, 1968

(prints)


Box 86 Folder 18 Demonstrators Outside Low Library and Butler Library, 1968 May 1, 1968

(contact sheets; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 1 Roll 35)


Box 86 Folder 19 Demonstrators; Police; Demonstration Aftermath, 1968 May 1, 1968

(contact sheets; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 1 Roll 36)


Box 86 Folder 20 Cox Commission Members -- Archibald Cox, Diana L. Farnsworth, Hylan G. Lewis, 1968 May 7, 1968

(contact sheets; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 1 Roll 47)


Box 86 Folder 21 Professor Teaching on Lawn; Demonstrators on Broadway and Low Library Steps, 1968 May 8, 1968

(contact sheets; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 2 Roll 49)


Box 86 Folder 22 Demonstrators Off Campus and On Campus, 1968 May 17, 1968

(contact sheets; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 2 Roll 54)


Box 86 Folder 23 Night-time Demonstration; Police Lines, 1968 May 17, 1968

(contact sheets; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 2 Roll 55)


Box 86 Folder 24 Grayson Kirk Press Conference; Demonstrators, 1968 May 22, 1968

(contact sheets; corresponds with UA #0109 Series IV Binder 2 Roll 59)


Box 86 Folder 25 Demonstration Aftermath Inside Buildings, 1968 May 22, 1968

(contact sheets; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 2 Roll 56)



Box 87 Folder 1 Damage, exterior, May 22, 1968

(prints)


Box 87 Folder 2 Damage, windows, May 22, 1968

(prints)


Box 87 Folder 3 Broadway; Truman Press Conference, 1968 May 23, 1968

(contact sheets; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 2 Roll 60)


Box 87 Folder 4 Kirk Office Press Conference, 1968 May 25, 1968

(prints)


Box 87 Folder 5 Morningside Park Rally, 1968 June 4, 1968

(prints)


Box 87 Folder 6 First Set of Contact Sheets, Various Dates


Box 87 Folder 7 AP Wirephotos of C.U. Demonstrations, 1968

(prints)


Box 87 Folder 8 Reoccupation of Hamilton Hall, 1968 May 21-22, 1968

(prints)


Box 87 Folder 9 Demonstrators Outside Low Library and Low Library Windows; Nighttime Demonstration, 1968 April -May, 1968

(prints; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 1 Rolls 6, 10, 15, 18, 19, 22, 24 and Binder 2 Roll 54)


Box 87 Folder 10 Demonstrators Outside Mathematics and Low Library; WKCR Broadcast from Earl Hall, 1968 April 28, 1968

(prints; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 1 Roll 14)


Box 87 Folder 11 Demonstrators Outside Low Library and Mathematics, 1968 April 28, 1968

(prints; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 1 Rolls 15 & 16)


Box 87 Folder 12 Demonstrators Outside Low Library and Low Windows, 1968 April 29, 1968

(prints; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 1 Roll 21)


Box 87 Folder 13 Low Library Demonstrations -- J, L, C, 1968 April, 1968

(prints; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 1 Rolls 10, 18, 22)


Box 87 Folder 14 Demonstrators Outside Low Library and Butler Library, 1968 May 7, 1968

(prints; corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 1 Roll 35)


Box 87 Folder 15 Contact Sheets Marking Duplicated Prints, 1968 April 29--May 17, 1968

(corresponds with UA#0109 Series IV Binder 1 Rolls 14, 15, 16, 23, 25 and Binder 2 Roll 54)