Rare Book & Manuscript Library

Sergei Gornyi (Aleksandr Otsup) Papers, 1923-1948

Summary Information


The papers comprise correspondence, writings, personal documents, biographical materials, and photographs of Sergei Gornyi (Aleksandr Otsup), 1882-1948, Russian poet and writer.

At a Glance

Call No.: BA#0533
Bib ID 9025420 View CLIO record
Creator(s) Gornyĭ, Sergi︠e︡ĭ, 1882-1949
Title Sergei Gornyi (Aleksandr Otsup) Papers, 1923-1948
Physical Description 2.5 linear feet (5 document boxes)
Language(s) Russian , Spanish; Castilian , German .
Access You will need to make an appointment in advance to use this collection material in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room. You can schedule an appointment once you've submitted your request through your Special Collections Research Account.

This collection is located on-site.

This collection has no restrictions.



This collection is organized in five series.



The bulk of the collection consists of Sergei Gornyi's correspondence and his writings. There are also personal documents, biographical materials, reviews and critiques of his prose and poetry, a few photographs, letters addressed to his wife Ekaterina Nikolaevna Otsup, and her memoirs. Sergei Gornyi's and Ekaterina Otsup's correspondence contains letters from several prominent people, such as Maria Hippius, Ivan Aleksandrovich Il'in, Arthur Luther, Ivan Ivanovich Manukhin, Nikolai Otsup, Elena Sergeevna Pil'skaia, Nadezhda Aleksandrovna Teffi. The collection contains manuscripts of Gornyi's writings as well as his printed works. There are cross-references provided throughout the finding aid. When the cross-reference refers to another item within the same series, the reference includes the specific name or title and box and folder number (this also applies to the references within same subseries). If the cross-reference is to an item in another series, the reference includes the series number, series name, folder title, and box and folder numbers (this also applies to references to the items in another subseries).

Using the Collection

Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Restrictions on Access

You will need to make an appointment in advance to use this collection material in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room. You can schedule an appointment once you've submitted your request through your Special Collections Research Account.

This collection is located on-site.

This collection has no restrictions.

Terms Governing Use and Reproduction

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish material from the collection must be requested from the Curator of the Bakhmeteff Archive. The RBML approves permission to publish that which it physically owns; the responsibility to secure copyright permission rests with the patron.

Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Sergei Gornyi (Aleksandr Otsup) Papers; Box and Folder; Bakhmeteff Archive, Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.


No materialexpected

Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. Contact rbml@columbia.edu for more information.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

1997.1998.M14: Source of acquisition--Gornyi Family. Method of acquisition--Gift; Date of acquisition--1997 December.

About the Finding Aid / Processing Information

Columbia University Libraries, Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Processing Information

Papers processed Tanya Chebotarev Katia Shraga 10/--/2011.

Finding aid written Katia Shraga 10/--/2011.

Revision Description

2011-09-30 xml document instance created by Carrie Hintz

2019-05-20 EAD was imported spring 2019 as part of the ArchivesSpace Phase II migration.

Subject Headings

The subject headings listed below are found in this collection. Links below allow searches at Columbia University through the Archival Collections Portal and through CLIO, the catalog for Columbia University Libraries, as well as ArchiveGRID, a catalog that allows users to search the holdings of multiple research libraries and archives.

All links open new windows.


Heading "CUL Archives:"
"CUL Collections:"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
Correspondence Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Manuscripts (documents) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Memoirs Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Photographs Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID


Heading "CUL Archives:"
"CUL Collections:"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
Gornyĭ, Sergi︠e︡ĭ, 1882-1949 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Ilʹin, I. A. (Ivan Aleksandrovich), 1883-1954 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Luther, Arthur, 1876-1955 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Manukhin, Ivan Ivanovich, 1882-1958 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Ot︠s︡up, Nikolaĭ, 1894-1958 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Pilʹskai︠a︡, Elena Sergeevna Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Russian literature -- 20th century Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Russian literature -- Germany -- 20th century Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Tėffi, N. A. (Nadezhda Aleksandrovna), 1872-1952 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID

History / Biographical Note

Biographical / Historical

Sergei Gornyi (pseudonym of Aleksandr-Mark Avdeevich Otsup), Russian poet and writer, was born on July 28, 1882 in Ostrov, Pskov Region. He was an older brother of poets Nikolai Otsup and Georgii Otsup (pen name G. Raevskii).

Sergei Gornyi graduated with a gold medal from the Nikolaev Gymnasium in Tsarskoe Selo and then in 1908 from the Institute of Mining in Saint-Petersburg. He started publishing his works in satirical publications in 1906. In 1911, Gornyi's first book with satirical short stories was published. His feuilletons, parodies, and poetry appeared in Satirikon, Novyi Satiricon, and many other publications.

After graduation, Gornyi and his wife moved to Ekaterinoslav where he started a successful career as an entrepreneur. After the revolution of 1917, Gornyi moved to Kiev, and then to Odessa. In 1919, he served in Denikin's army, was wounded and captured by Makhnovtsy. In 1920, Gornyi was evacuated from Novorossiisk to Cyprus and in 1922 moved to Berlin. In emigration, Sergei Gornyi wrote prose and poetry, publishing books in Russian and German. His writings were published in Russian emigre, German, French, and Spanish periodicals. After World War II, he published two collections of short stories and a collection of poetry in German. Sergei Gornyi died on September 16, 1948 in Madrid and was buried there.

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Series I: Correspondence, 1941-1955

The series consists of Sergei Gornyi's correspondence and letters to Ekaterina Nikolaevna Otsup and includes letters from several prominent figures. Organized in two subseries.

Subseries I.1: Gornyi's correspondence, 1941-1949

Contains letters to Sergei Gornyi from various people (including letters from readers), correspondence with publishers, and outgoing letters including Gornyi's letters to his daughter. Arranged alphabetically. Unidentified, outgoing correspondence, and correspondence with publishers placed at the end of the Subseries.

Box 1 Folder 1 Albers, Margarethe, Reinbek, 1947-1948, undated, 1947-1948, undated

Box 1 Folder 1 Auerbuch, V., Brussels, 1948

Box 1 Folder 1 Benz, Elly, 1947

Box 1 Folder 1 Diudan, Elena, undated

Box 1 Folder 2 Gaudecker, Rita von, 1948, undated, 1948, undated

Box 1 Folder 2 Gunther, Erich, Goslar, 1947

Box 1 Folder 2 Hippius, Maria, undated

Box 1 Folder 3 Hopner, Ermano, 1948

(including typescript of his article. See also Correspondence with Publishers, Box 1, Folder 15)

Box 1 Folder 4 Il'in, Ivan Aleksandrovich, 1946

Box 1 Folder 5 Kempe, Richard, undated

Box 1 Folder 5 Lampe, Aleksei Aleksandrovich, von, undated. Letter to Colonel Franco

(typescript copy)

Box 1 Folder 6 Luther, Arthur, Marburg, 1948

Box 1 Folder 7 Ofrosimov, Iu., 1947

Box 1 Folder 7 Otsup, Mikhail, undated

Box 1 Folder 8 Pil'skaia, Elena, undated

Box 1 Folder 8 Ramle, Edith, undated

Box 1 Folder 8 Rewendt, Margot, 1947

Box 1 Folder 9 Schoen, R., 1947-1948

Box 1 Folder 9 Schroter, Erich, 1946-1948

(including 1 letter to Gornyi's daughter Liudmila)

Box 1 Folder 10 Senitskaia, Lidiia, 1947

(including manuscript of her poem dedicated to S.Gornyi)

Box 1 Folder 11 Shiriaeva, Mariia, undated

Box 1 Folder 11 Shtegman, O., 1947

Box 1 Folder 11 Spengler, Helga, Hannover, 1946

Box 1 Folder 12 Wandschneider, Goslar, 1947-1948

Box 1 Folder 12 Wittenstein, Geni, Stuttgart, 1948

Box 1 Folder 13 Unidentified, 1945-1948

Outgoing letters:

Box 1 Folder 14 To his daughter, 1946-1947, undated, 1946-1947, undated

(including manuscripts of S.Gornyi poems)

Box 1 Folder 14 To unidentified, undated

Box 1 Folder 15 Correspondence with Publishers, 1941-1949

(including advertisements and reviews)

Subseries I.2: Letters to Ekaterina Nikolaevna Otsup, 1948-1955

Comprises mostly letters of condolences. Organized in alphabetical order.

Box 1 Folder 16 Hopner, Ermano, Hamburg, 1955

Box 1 Folder 16 Kvak, Emiliia Andreevna, Barcelona, 1948

Box 1 Folder 17 Manukhin, Ivan Ivanovich, Paris, 1948-1953

Box 1 Folder 18 Otsup, Diana, [1948], undated

Box 1 Folder 18 Otsup, Georgii (aka Georgii Raevskii), [1948]

Box 1 Folder 18 Otsup, Nikolai, 1948

Box 1 Folder 18 Otsup, Sergei, Madrid, 1948, 1953, 1948, 1953

(1 letter addressed to Arthur Luther; 1 - to Ekaterina Otsup)

Box 1 Folder 19 Tėffi, N. A. (Nadezhda Aleksandrovna), Paris, 1948

Series II: Writings, undated, 1940s

The series comprises manuscripts of Sergei Gornyi's literary works and printed writings. Arranged in two subseries.

Subseries II.1: Manuscripts, undated, 1945

Holograph manuscripts and typescripts of prose (short stories and essays), poetry, and plays in Russian, German, and Spanish. There are also some diary entries of unspecified year in the notebook with manuscripts. Materials organized in several groups - prose, poetry, plays, and diaries - and then arranged by language within each of them. Collection of writing that includes both poetry and prose are placed at the beginning of the Subseries.

Prose (short stories and essays)

In Russian:

Box 1 Folder 20 to 22 Collection of short stories and poetry, undated, 1945

(contain some diary entries. Manuscripts in three bound notebooks)

Box 1 Folder 23 "Antinoi"

Box 1 Folder 24 "Aleksei Shiriaev"

Box 1 Folder 25 "Begstvo"

Box 1 Folder 26 to 28 "Gaudeamus Igitur"

Box 2 Folder 1 "Inseparables"

Box 2 Folder 2 "'Itogi' Shaliapina"

Box 2 Folder 3 "Kopeliia"

Box 2 Folder 4 "Lileia"

Box 2 Folder 5 "Mertvoi khvatkoi"

Box 2 Folder 6 "Mikhasia zarezali"

Box 2 Folder 7 "Momental'nyi snimok"

Box 2 Folder 8 "Parnas na Neve"

Box 2 Folder 9 "Peri"

Box 2 Folder 10 "Pestryi platok"

Box 2 Folder 11 "Pochemu vy ne progonite Lushu?"

Box 2 Folder 12 "Roman v pis'makh 'Dzhiovanna'"

Box 2 Folder 13 "Sosedi"

Box 2 Folder 14 "Strakh"

Box 2 Folder 15 "Tauschzentrale"

Box 2 Folder 16 "Tri vystrela"

Box 2 Folder 17 "V3-V5-V7"

Box 2 Folder 18 "V sinei kolybeli"

Box 2 Folder 19 "V sumerki"

Box 2 Folder 20 "Vashi pal'tsy pakhnut ladanom"

Box 2 Folder 21 "Videniia"

Box 2 Folder 22 Untitled

In German:

Box 2 Folder 23 "Atomzertrummerung"

Box 2 Folder 24 "Drei Miniaturen"

Box 2 Folder 25 "Geopolitik"

Box 2 Folder 26 "Kuka"

Box 2 Folder 27 "Unwiderstehliche"

Box 2 Folder 28 "Vor der Kolner Dom"

In Spanish:

Box 2 Folder 29 "Revolucion Silenciosa"

Box 2 Folder 30 "Suenos"

Box 2 Folder 31 "Tres Disparos"

Poetry (see also notebooks in Box 1, Folders 21-22)

In Russian:

Box 2 Folder 32 to 34 Various poems

Box 2 Folder 35 "Dusha bukv"

(manuscript, one original illustration, foreword by Peter Posse)

Box 2 Folder 36 Translations of Rainer Maria Rilke poetry and Gornyi's poetry in the style of Rilke

Box 2 Folder 37 to 39 In German


Box 3 Folder 1 "Regreso", Madrid, 1948

(in collaboration with Alejandro Botzaris. Bound carbon copy of typescript in Spanish)

Box 3 Folder 2 "Regreso"

(selected acts in Russian)

Diaries: some diary entries of unspecified year are in the notebook with manuscripts in Box 1, Folder 22

Subseries II.2: Printed Materials, 1914-1966

Books by S. Gornyi and periodicals with his publications in Russian and German.

In Russian:

Box 3 Iantarnyi Kipr. Berlin: Mysl', 1922 (2 copies), 1922

Box 3 Pochti bez ulybki: Paradoksy. Siluety. S.-Peterburg: Novyi Satirikon, 1914

Box 3 Poety "Satirikona" Moskva, Leningrad: Sovetskii pisatel',, 1966

Box 3 Pugachev ili Petr? (Dusha naroda) Berlin: Otto Kirkhner i Ko.,, 1922

Box 3 Rannei vesnoi Berlin: Parabola

(2 copies. 1 copy is with S. Gornyi's inscription to Arthur Luther dated September 17, 1932)

Box 3 Sankt-Peterburg (Vidieniia) Munkhen: Izdatel'stvo Milavida

Box 3 Tol'ko o veshchakh Petropolis (2 copies. 1 copy is with author's inscription to Mariia Sergeevna dated January 30, 1938)

Box 3 Vsiakoe byvalo Berlin: Izdatel'stvo pisatelei, 1927 (2 copies), 1927

In German:

Box 4 "Brief an einen Toten" in Erzahler aus aller Welt Flensburg und Hamburg: Verlagshaus Christian Wolff (2 copies)

Box 4 Folder 1 "Dorf: Balknewande Kalte Wasser Duftende Graser. Kann Man es Vergessen?", Berlin, 1923 (photocopy), 1923

Box 4 "Drei Pistolenschusse" in Karussell: Literarische Monatsschrift, Januar 1947 Folge 7, 1947

Box 4 "Lilie" " in Karussell: Literarische Monatsschrift, September 1947 Folge 15, September 1947

Box 4 Folder 2 "Macht der Dinge" in Schweizer Journal: Review Suisse Dez., 1941

Box 4 Mit Leisen Schritten Harriet Schleber Verlag Kassel (2 copies)

Box 4 "Peri" in Karussell: Literarische Monatsschrift June 1947 Folge 12, June 1947

Box 4 Schattentraum Baden-Baden: Verlag Hans Buhler Junior,, 1947

Box 4 Sein Leben in Erzahler aus aller Welt. Flensburg und Hamburg: Verlagshaus Christian Wolff (2 copies)

Box 4 Susse Gewohnheit des Daseins. Christian Wolff Verlag

Box 4 Folder 3 Clippings, various years

(publications in Russian and German. Arranged alphabetically)

Series III: Biographical Materials, Bibliography, and Reviews, 1923-1948

This series arranged in two Subseries.

Subseries III.1: Biographical Materials and Bibliography, 1926-1948

The Subseries contains Gornyi's autobiographies, CVs, testimonials on his behalf by various people, personal documents, bibliography and other biographical materials.

Box 5 Folder 1 Autobiographies and CVs, undated

Box 5 Folder 2 Testimonials on behalf of Sergei Gornyi, 1943-1946

Personal documents:

Box 5 Folder 3 Passport, 1939

Box 5 Folder 3 Membership card of the Tsentral'nyi soiuz uvechnykh voinov v Germanii, gor. Berlin,, 1926

Box 5 Folder 4 Materials related to S. Gorny's death: obituaries, articles, memorial cards,, 1948

Box 5 Folder 5 Various, undated

Box 5 Folder 6 Bibliography, undated

Subseries III.2: Reviews, 1923-1948

Contains reviews of Sergei Gornyi's writings from Russian, German, French, and Spanish press. See also Series 1: Correspondence--Correspondence with Publishers, Box 1, Folder 15

Box 5 Folder 7 Reviews in Russian press, 1923-1927, undated, 1923-1927, undated

Box 5 Folder 8 Reviews in Russian press, 1930s

Box 5 Folder 9 Reviews in German, French, and Spanish, 1933-1948

Series IV: Photographs, 1926-1948

There is a photograph of Rita von Gaudecker and funeral photograph of Sergei Gornyi (his photo on the Membership card of 1926 is stored along with his personal documents in Series III--Subseries III.1: Biographical Materials).

Box 5 Folder 10 Gaudecker, Rita von, undated

Gornyi, Serge

Photo on the Membership card, Berlin, 1926 see Series III--Subseries III.1: Biographical Materials (Box 5, Folder 3), 1926

Box 5 Folder 10 Photo in a coffin, 1948

(two black and white prints)

Series V: Writings by Others, undated, 1945

The series includes memoirs of Ekaterina Otsup and writings by various authors sent to S. Gornyi for critique.

Box 5 Folder 11 to 12 Otsup, Ekaterina. "Moi vospominaniia", undated

(manuscript in 2 notebooks)

Senitskaia, Lidiia. "To S. Gornyi", 1947 (poem, holograph manuscript): see Series I: Correspondence--Gornyi's Correspondence--Senitskaia (Box 1, Folder 10), 1947

Box 5 Folder 13 Writings by various authors sent to S. Gornyi for critique, 1945, undated, 1945, undated

(In German)