Rare Book & Manuscript Library
 

Wilfred Feinberg Papers, 1936-2011, bulk 1960-2011

Series III: United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, 1955-2011

This series is the largest in the collection, comprising more than half of the Feinberg material. Feinberg served on the Second Circuit from 1966 through 2011, one of the longest tenures in circuit history, including a term as Chief Judge from 1980 through 1988. He took senior status (a form of semi-retirement) in 1991 and maintained an active hearing schedule until his retirement in 2011. The heart of this series is his case files, which include a number of precedent-setting and noteworthy rulings. A list of cases of particular interest can be found in the note to Subseries III.2.

This series is divided into nine subseries.

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Subseries III.1: Administrative Materials, 1961-2011

This subseries consists of records relating to the administrative functioning of the Second Circuit. Much of the material dates from Feinberg's tenure as Chief Judge (1980-1988), a position with significant administrative responsibility and chairmanship of the Circuit Judicial Council. Administrative reports and memoranda were written and received throughout Feinberg's tenure on the court, however.

The subseries is divided alphabetically by subject and includes 17 files. Official reports from the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts (the administrative agency for the federal judiciary as a whole) and the Circuit Court Executive (the administrator responsible for the Second Circuit) make up the bulk of this subseries. Materials in this subseries include administrative notices, budget reports, calendars, clippings, inter-judge memoranda on a wide variety of subjects, meeting minutes, records of disciplinary proceedings and disqualifications, statistics, and visiting judge appointments.

Also present are programs and correspondence related to official court ceremonies, including memorials, inductions, and retirements. Judges' salaries were an ongoing concern throughout the judiciary, with judges occasionally returning to private practice in order to secure greater compensation, and the correspondence and clippings related to this issue is valuable. Vacancies on the district level are a frequent concern, and senior judges were particularly valuable for their availability to sit as visiting judges on the Circuit's district courts, as well as other circuits.

Within each subject, materials are arranged reverse-chronologically.



Box 131-132 Administrative Office, 1981-2008, (27 folders)

(The Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts is the central supporting service to the federal judiciary. Although responsible for all district and circuit courts, as well as the Supreme Court, the Administrative Office includes a large staff that produce both general reports on judicial functions as well as more Circuit-specific materials.)



Box 133 Budget, 1966-2007, (14 folders)



Box 133-136 Ceremonies and Memorials, 1961-2009, (50 folders)



Box 136 Chief Judges, 1972-2010, (6 folders)


Box 136 Circuit Court Executive, 1970-2007, (12 folders)



Box 137 Civil Appeals Management Plan, 1974-2001, (16 folders)

(The Civil Appeals Management Plan (CAMP) was begun in the Second Circuit in 1974 to speed the appellate process of selected cases through pre-argument settlement conferences. It has now spread to all of the Circuit Courts.)



Box 137-139 Clerk's Office, 1971-2008, (38 folders)



Box 139-140 Courtroom and Facilities, 1966-2009, (30 folders)



Box 140 Disqualifications and Recusals, 1966-2009, (6 folders)



Box 141 Personnel, 1971-2010, (14 folders)



Box 141-142 Records and Information Management, 1979-2006, (10 folders)



Box 142-145, 220 Removal and Discipline of Judges, 1972-2010, (65 folders)



Box 145-147 Salaries, 1972-2009, (38 folders)



Box 147-148 Senior Judges, 1970-2011, (22 folders)



Box 148-150 Statistics, 1966-2011, (55 folders)



Box 151 Vacancies and Judgeships, 1971-2005, (17 folders)



Box 151-153 Visiting Judges and Intercircuit Appointments, 1974-2008, (24 folders)


Subseries III.2: Case Files, 1966-2011

This subseries makes up the bulk of the collection, consisting of more than seventy-five record cartons. Feinberg's chambers case files vary in size and detail, but include some combination of the following: annotations, copies of the decision or offprints from theFederal Reporter, drafts of opinions and rulings, motions filed in the case, inter-judge and inter-court case-related memoranda, newsclippings, notes, relevant district court rulings, and research material.

Regular Argument Calendar files are foldered alphabetically by appellant last name. There are three boxes of Non-Argument Calendar files (a separate calendar exclusively for petitions for review of a denial of asylum), arranged chronologically by review panel week, maintaining Feinberg's original order. Docket sheets include an alphabetical index, a brief summary of each of Feinberg's cases, and their final dispensation. From 1965 through 1984 the docket sheets were bound volumes, subsequently they are foldered chronologically.

Some noteworthy cases, as highlighted by Feinberg in his oral history in Subseries IX.4 are listed below, with a very brief summary. The final two parts of the oral history discuss these cases, and a few dozen more, in much greater detail. More extensive lists of noteworthy rulings can be found in Subseries IX.1. Unless otherwise noted, Feinberg wrote the majority opinion:

--United States v. Miller367 F.2d 72 (2d. Cir. 1966), which held that the prosecution of a protestor who burned his draft card to show his opposition to the Vietnam War was indeed constitutional.

--Torrington Co. v. Metal Products Workers Union Local1645 362 F.2d 677 (2d Cir. 1966), a labor arbitration case where the district decision against the union was upheld 2-1. Feinberg's first dissent.

--J.P. Stevens & Co. v. National Labor Relations Board380 F.2d 292 (2d Cir. 1967), the first of a series of cases against J.P. Stevens for violating national labor law. The case inspired the 1979 movieNorma Rae.

--Kelly v. Wyman294 F.Supp. 893 (SDNY 1968), Feinberg was the Circuit Judge on this three-judge court and ruled that welfare recipients were entitled to a hearing before any of their benefits could be terminated. Feinberg's opinion was upheld by the Supreme Court inGoldberg v. Kelly397 U.S. 254 (1970) and the decision is considered a landmark in the welfare rights movement.

--Goetz v. Ansell477 F.2d 636 (2d. Cir. 1973), upholding a high school student's right to refuse to participate in the Pledge of Allegiance.

--In the Matter of Andros Compania Maritima579 F.2d 691 (2d Cir. 1978), a frequently-cited arbitration case that limits when courts can interfere with arbitrators.



Box 21-24 A, 1966-2011, (335 folders)



Box 24-30 B, 1966-2011, (521 folders)



Box 30-36 C, 1966-2011, (556 folders)



Box 36-39 D, 1966-2011, (305 folders)



Box 40-41 E, 1966-2011, (124 folders)



Box 41-44 F, 1966-2011, (258 folders)



Box 44-48 G, 1966-2011, (378 folders)



Box 48-51 H, 1966-2010, (278 folders)



Box 51-52 I, 1966-2011, (98 folders)



Box 52-54 J, 1966-2011, (151 folders)



Box 54-56 K, 1967-2011, (213 folders)



Box 56-60 L, 1966-2011, (313 folders)



Box 60-66 M, 1966-2011, (546 folders)



Box 66-68 N, 1966-2010, (184 folders)



Box 68-69 O, 1966-2011, (126 folders)



Box 69-73 P, 1966-2011, (311 folders)



Box 73 Q, 1966-2006, (13 folders)



Box 73-77 R, 1966-2011, (373 folders)



Box 77-84 S, 1966-2011, (567 folders)



Box 84-86 T, 1966-2009, (210 folders)



Box 86-87 U, 1966-2010, (47 folders)



Box 87-88 V, 1966-2011, (85 folders)



Box 88-91 W, 1966-2010, (273 folders)



Box 91 X, 2005-2006, (1 folder)


Box 91 Y, 1967-2011, (37 folders)



Box 91-92 Z, 1968-2010, (42 folders)



Box 92-95 Non-Argument Calendar, 2005-2010, (76 folders)

(The Non-Argument Calendar was implemented by the Second Circuit in fall 2005 to handle petitions for review of a denial of asylum. Created to lessen the backlog of asylum petitions, it exists outside the normal sitting schedules of the Regular Argument Calendar. Judge Feinberg kept his NAC case files separate and arranged chronologically by panel week, not citation. This arrangement has been maintained, and includes some policy correspondence regarding NAC generally.)



Box 114-119 Docket Sheets, 1965-2011 (61 folders, 22 volumes), 1965-2011

(Bound volumes of docket sheets for 1965-1984 are in boxes 117-119, foldered docket sheets for 1985-2011 are filed chronologically in boxes 114-117)


Subseries III.3: En Banc Files, 1966-2011

En banc cases require a majority vote of the judges in favor of hearing an appeal before the full court, instead of the traditional three judge panel. Although en banc power was granted to the appellate courts in 1948, each circuit court has its own traditions and rules governing en banc procedures. The Second Circuit has been one of the most hesitant to hear a case en banc, so this subseries is substantially smaller than the Subseries III.2, and it has been arranged and described separately to preserve Feinberg's original order. Noteworthy case files include:

--Sostre v. McGinnis442 F.2d 178 (2d Cir. 1971), an en banc hearing to determine the extent (and any violation) of federal constitutional rights of state prisoners. Feinberg wrote a partial dissent in which he argued that there must be a definite limit to solitary confinement, and that Sostre's extended "punitive segregation" violated the Eighth Amendment.

--New York Times Company v. United States44 F.2d 544 (2d Cir. 1971), the Pentagon Papers case. The ruling itself was not especially noteworthy: with Feinberg and two other judges dissenting, the Second Circuit en banc affirmed the Nixon Administration's restraining order against the continued publication of the Papers. After an emergency appeal by theTimesto the Supreme Court, the Second Circuit's ruling was reversed four days later.

In addition to cases that were approved and heard en banc, this subseries includes discussions of en banc protocol and judges' poll responses to petitions for review and hearing en banc.



Box 96-103 Case Files, 1966-2011, (192 folders)



Box 103-106 Petitions for Rehearing and Poll Requests, 1968-2005, (60 folders)



Box 106 Protocols, 1968-2010, (14 folders)


Subseries III.4: Judges' Meetings, 1955-2011

This subseries includes agendas, correspondence, minutes, and programs from a number of formal and informal groups of the judges of the Second Circuit.

Open to all judges, the Circuit Court Agenda Luncheons were an informal judicial journal club, the quarterly Court Meetings served a more official administrative purpose, and the annual court retreats combined administrative business and social time for the judges. The Judicial Conference of the Second Judicial Circuit is the largest of the circuit meetings, a formal annual meeting that includes all of the appellate judges of the Second Circuit, as well as administrators and the district, bankruptcy, and magistrate judges within the Second Circuit. The Judicial Council of the Second Circuit is the official governing body of the circuit, comprised of the Chief Judge, a panel of appellate judges, and a representative from each of the district courts.

Within the subseries, each file's folders are arranged reverse-chronologically to maintain Feinberg's original order.



Box 127 Circuit Court Agenda Luncheons, 2003-2005, (1 folder)


Court Meetings, 1981-2011


Box 127 Agendas, 1997-2011, (54 folders)



Box 128 Correspondence and Meeting Minutes, 1981-2008, (10 folders)


Box 128 Court Retreats, 1998-2006, (7 folders)


Judicial Conference of the Second Judicial Circuit, 1955-2011



Box 128-129 Conference Programs, 1955-2002, (8 folders)



Box 129 Correspondence and Memoranda, 1992-2011, (9 folders)


Judicial Circuit Council, 1966-2005


Box 129 Correspondence and Memoranda, 1966-1996, (7 folders)



Box 130 District Court Administration, 1970-2005, (19 folders)



Box 131 Meeting Minutes and Agendas, 1966-1996, (15 folders)


Subseries III.5: Motions, 1993-2011

Motions ruled on by Feinberg are divided by type and filed reverse-chronologically by calendar week. Materials do not always include the motion itself, but each motion folder includes any recommendations submitted by the Staff Attorneys' Office, inter-judge memoranda, and copies of filed orders.



Box 106-107 Anders Motions, 1999-2010, (23 folders)



Box 107-110 Pro Se Motions, 1994-2011, (68 folders)



Box 110-113 Substantive Motions, 1993-2011, (91 folders)



Box 113-114 Successive Petitions, 1999-2011, (42 folders)


Subseries III.6: Opinions, 1965-2009

Although this subseries deals with Feinberg's opinions, it includes very few reprints or drafts of his published opinions. Materials include administrative files regarding opinion composition, limited memoranda regarding opinion protocol, statistics of both Feinberg's opinions and the rulings of the Court as a whole, and drafts of his unpublished opinions. Also included in this subseries are lists of Feinberg's significant opinions, as suggested by his law clerks. Further lists of noteworthy rulings can be found in Subseries IX.1, and discussions of them can be found in his oral history in Subseries IX.4.

Materials are arranged reverse-chronologically.



Box 119 Correspondence, 1983-2002, (1 folder)


Box 119 Significant Opinions, 1972-1995, (1 folder)


Statistics, 1965-2009


Box 119 Career Statistics, 1965-2004, (1 folder)


Box 119 Opinion Citation Lists by Term, 1965-2009, (2 folders)


Box 119 Opinions Not Filed 60 Days After Argument, 1986-2001, (5 folders)



Box 120 Three Judge Court, 1966-1988, (7 folders)


Box 120 Unpublished Memoranda and Opinions, 1970-2008, (4 folders)


Subseries III.7: Pro Se, 1966-2008

This subseries includes materials relating to those litigants who represented (or wished to represent) themselves without an attorney. Pro Se hearings were held on a separate calendar and administered by the Pro Se Clerk. Records include correspondence, memoranda, reports, scheduling, and statistics from the Clerk's office, as well as pro se applications and litigant correspondence misdirected to Judge Feinberg's chambers instead of the Clerk of Court.

Materials are filed reverse-chronologically except for Litigant Correspondence, which is filed alphabetically by correspondent name.


Box 120 Appointment of Counsel and Schedules, 1970-2000, (3 folders)



Box 120-122 Litigant Correspondence, 1979-2004, (33 folders)

(Arranged alphabetically by litigant surname)



Box 122 Pro Se Clerk, 1966-2003, (5 folders)


Box 122 Statistics, 1985-2008, (3 folders)


Subseries III.8: Second Circuit Appointment, 1965-1966

This subseries includes official correspondence related to Judge Feinberg's nomination to the Court of Appeals, congratulations from Feinberg's friends and colleagues, and induction programs from the ceremony. Materials are arranged reverse-chronologically.


Box 122 Nomination, 1965-1967, (1 folder)


Box 122 Congratulations and Acknowledgements, 1965-1966, (3 folders)


Box 122 Induction Programs, 1966, (1 folder)


Subseries III.9: Sitting Schedules and Calendars, 1966-2011

The bulk of materials relating to the court calendar and scheduling is in this subseries and includes calendars, memoranda, minutes, procedural and protocol information, reports and statistics. Calendars include information for weeks where Feinberg was not sitting. Each file is arranged reverse-chronologically.



Box 122-123 Assignments, 1966-2010, (10 folders)



Box 123 Calendaring Memoranda, 1981-2009, (6 folders)



Box 123-124 Disposition of Cases Heard, 1985-2011, (88 folders)



Box 124-126 Panel Minutes and Reports, 1984-2002, (34 folders)



Box 126 Pending Cases Ready for Argument, 2001-2006, (6 folders)


Box 126 Weekly Calendars, 1966-2002, (20 folders)