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   Volodymyr Levyt︠s︡ʹkyĭ papers, 1880s-1980.

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Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Volodymyr Levyts'kyi Papers; Box and Folder; Bakhmeteff Archive, Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.

COinS Metadata available (e.g., for Zotero).

Summary Information


The papers comprise correspondence, personal documents, organizational records and documents, financial statements and receipts, manuscripts, research notes, photographs, sheet music, Ukrainian song lyrics, printed materials, periodicals relating to the life and professional activities of Volodymyr Levyts'kyi, an editor, prominent political and social activist, and leader of the Ukrainian émigré community.

At a Glance

Call No.:BA#0526
Bib ID:7220449 View CLIO record
Creator(s):Levyt︠s︡ʹkyĭ, Volodymyr.
Title:Volodymyr Levyt︠s︡ʹkyĭ papers, 1880s-1980.
Physical description:14 linear feet (22 document boxes; 2 flat boxes; 1 oversize folder).
Language(s):In English, German, Polish, Russian, Ukrainian.
Access: This collection is located on-site. This collection has no restrictions.  More information »



This collection is arranged in eight series:

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Scope and Content

The Levyts'kyi Collection is a rich source for historical information about Ukrainian cultural, political, and social organizations such as the Oborona Ukrainy (Defense of Ukraine), Ukrains'kyi Robitnychyi soiuz (Ukrainian Workingmen's Association), and the Ukrainian Socialist Radical party. At various times, Volodymyr Levyts'kyi was chief editor of Hromads'kyi holos and Narodna volia and the collection comprises files of these publications as well. The material in the collection is arranged in eight series.

The collection primarily contains correspondence and files related to Levyts'kyi's professional, political, and public activities. Levyts'kyi corresponded with leading activists of "Oborona Ukrainy", URS, and Hromads'kyi holos, including Myroslav Sichyns'kyi, Mykola Tsehlyns'kyi, Panas Fedenko, and others.

The collection reflects the variety of Levyts'kyi's activity as an editor, community leader, and leading member of various political and public organizations. Besides those already mentioned above, there are interesting documents related to his work in the press office of the UNR (Ukrains'ka Narodna Respublica) mission in Berlin, including a typescript of the report on the financial secret service in Berlin.

Photographs in the collection include some photos of prominent figures, such as Mykola Bazhan, Andrii Holovko, Rockwell Kent, Nikita Khrushchev, Andrii Malyshko, Nikolai Tikhonov, Vitalii Korotych, and delegates ro the United Nations. There is also a collection of photographs of Ukrainian folk costumes, and of Ukrainian internees in German camps with inscriptions. Among the highlights of the collection are the files relating to the 1948 "Wallace for President" campaign, which reflect deep involvement of the Ukrainian community, and a small collection of sheet music and lyrics of the Ukrainian songs.

Levyts'kyi actively participated in both American and Ukrainian political and social life. His papers contain some documents of the American Labor Party and the Progressive Party and his reports for the Field Study Division of the Foreign Nationalities Branch.

The Levyts'kyi papers also contain his personal documents, biographical materials, and printed materials. Oversize items were removed from the files where they logically belong, organized in a separate series, and stored in two flat boxes and one oversized folder kept in the map case. Reference are provided.

The collection serves as a source of information on the various national communities and ethnic groups in the United States, such as Polish-Americans, Russian-Americans, Ukrainian-Americans and their relations with each other. It also contains some materials on Ukrainian-Jewish relations.

There are cross-references provided throughout the finding aid. When the cross-reference refers to another item within the same series, the reference includes the specific name or title and box and folder number (this also applies to the references within same subseries and sub-subseries). If the cross-reference is to an item in another series, the reference includes the series number, series name, folder title, and box and folder numbers (this also applies to the references to items in another subseries and sub-subseries).

Series I: Correspondence, 1918-1979

The series consists of Levyts'kyi's professional correspondence with various people and organizations, and family correspondence. Correspondence may include various related materials, such as manuscripts, clippings, and photographs. Organized into five subseries. Correspondence on various subjects forms part of other series and subseries of the collection and remains in the files where it logically belongs.

Subseries I.1: Correspondence with Prominent Figures, 1935-1941

Contains letters to Volodymyr Levyts'kyi from Volodymyr Vynnychenko (with carbon reply) and Avrahm Yarmolinsky. Includes some related items. Arranged alphabetically.

Subseries I.2: General Correspondence, 1919-1976

Incoming and outgoing correspondence with individuals, mainly business and professional, related to Levyts'kyi's work as a member of the Oborona Ukrainy and URS, editor of the Hromads'kyi holos and Narodna volia, lecturer and community leader. Levyts'kyi corresponded with well-known and prominent figures of the Ukrainian émigré community, such as Myroslav Sichyns'kyi, Panas Fedenko, Nykyfor Hryhoryiv, Iurii Kosach, Mykola Shapoval, Matvii Stakhiv, and others. Some files include related materials, such as manuscripts of poems and articles, clippings, obituaries, and photographs. Organized in alphabetical order by correspondent. Unidentified correspondence, greeting cards, and empty envelopes are stored at the end of the subseries.

Subseries I.3: Correspondence with Organizations, 1911-1979

Comprises correspondence with various organizations. Organized in alphabetical order.

Subseries I.4: Family Correspondence, 1918-1986

Letters from Levyts'kyi's son Ihor, his sister, brother, and other family members.

Subseries I.5: Outgoing Correspondence, 1935-1953, undated

Includes mainly professional letters. Organized in chronological order.

Series II: Professional and Public Activities

Correspondence, documents, manuscripts, notes, financial records, research and printed materials related to Levyts'kyi's professional work as a journalist, editor of various publications, researcher, and interpreter as well as to his public activities as a leading member of various political organizations and parties. Series arranged in seven subseries.

Subseries II.1: Subject Files, 1915-1980s

Files organized in accordance with type of Levyts'kyi's work and activities. In alphabetical order.

Subseries II.2: Manuscripts, 1930s-1960, undated

Comprises writings by various authors and unidentified writings. Holograph manuscripts and typescripts with extensive holograph editorial corrections and marks. Manuscripts edited by Levyts'kyi and possibly intended for publication in Hromads'kyi holos, Narodna volia, or other editions. Some writings may belong to Levyts'kyi. Some incomplete. More manuscripts can be found in Series I: Correspondence and various files of the Series II: Professional and Public Activities--Subseries II.1: Subject files.

Subseries II.3: Notes, 1917, undated

Contains notebook with Levyts'kyi's notes on Ukrains'ka hromada and Ukrainian internees and prisoners of World War I in German camps, and scrap notes, including lyrics of Ukrainian songs.

Subseries II.4: Business Cards, 1910s-1917s

Business cards of various people, including diplomats, public figures. Some with holograph inscription and notes. In alphabetical order.

Subseries II.5: Financial Records, 1920-1980s, undated

Organized in chronological order. More financial records are parts of other series and subseries of the collection and remain in the files where they logically belong.

Subseries II.6: Printed Materials, 1863-1980s

Publications by various authors, including Volodymyr Levyts'kyi; periodicals, maps, flyers, post cards, and clippings. Arranged by type of material. Various printed materials are also parts of other series and subseries of the collection and remain in the files where they logically belong.

Subseries II.7: Programs, Playbills, Ephemera, 1937-1976

Contains programs and playbills, materials related to the Prosvita, and lists of names and mail addresses, possibly subscribers, authors, or members (last is oversized and kept with other oversized materials in Flat box 755 , folder 1)

Series III: Personal Documents and Biographical Materials, 1906-1971

Contains Levyts'kyi's passports, educational and professional documents, certificates and diplomas, legal documents, letters of recommendation, accreditations, genealogical notes, materials related to his trips to Ukraine and Ukrainian Community Chorus of Scranton.

Series IV: Personal Files of Other People, 1907-1926

Comprises the passport of Teofil Ol'szansky and files with papers of Petro Pan'chyshyn including correspondence, personal documents, sheet music, and a notebook with song lyrics.

Series V: Sheet Music, 1880, undated

Contains originals and photocopies of sheet music by Vasyl' Barvins'kyi, Nikolai Liubenetskii, and unidentified composer.

Series VI: Drawings, undated

Drawings by unidentified, including Levyts'kyi's portrait with inscription.

Series VII: Photographs, 1880s-1980

This series contains prints and negatives of group photographs with Levyts'kyi and portraits of him, as well as other people, including prominent figures, such as Mykola Bazhan, Andrii Holovko, Rockwell Kent, Nikita Khrushchev, Andrii Malyshko, Nikolai Tikhonov, Vitalii Korotych, delegates to the United Nations, and others; photographs from various events and numerous trips to Ukraine. There are also family photographs, a collection of photographs of Ukrainian folk costumes, including Ruthenian ones, photographs of Ukrainian internees in German camps with inscriptions, and five glass plate negatives of anti-Denikin cartoons. Many photographs are unidentified. Organized in six subseries.

Subseries VII.1: General Photographs, 1900s-1979

Contains portraits of Levyts'kyi and various people, group photographs with Levyts'kyi and without him.

Subseries VII.2 : Family Photographs, 1880s-1980s

Group photographs and portraits of Levyts'kyi's family members including himself; many with inscriptions.

Subseries VII.3: Photographs for Publications, 1946-1976

Comprises photographs of various events to be published in bulletins and newspapers which Levyts'kyi edited or with which he collaborated. Organized in four sub-subseries according of the type of publication or subject.

Subseries VII. 4: Ukraine, 1958-1979, undated

Contains photographs from Levyts'kyi's trips to Ukraine of various years and Ukrainian costumes and scenes.

Subseries VII.5: Ukrainian Internees in German Camps, 1910s-1920s

In 1915-1918 Levyts'kyi worked in German internment camps as a representative of the Orhanizatsii Vyzvolennia Ukrainy. This subseries contains portraits and group photographs of internees and Levyts'kyi. Many with autograph inscriptions. 29 black and white and sepia prints. More can be found among group and individual photographs in Subseries VII.1: General photographs (box 20, folders 2, 4, 5).

Subseries VII.6: Various

Glass plate negatives of anti Denikin posters, Leningrad and Petergof scenes, various negatives.

Series VIII: Oversized materials

Includes oversize Ukrainian newspapers, clippings and tear sheets from Ukrainian, Polish, and American periodicals, and lists of names and mail addresses. Materials stored in two flat boxes #755 and #756. One poster placed in oversize folder and stored in map case 14-K-3.

Subseries VIII.1: Lists of Names and Mail Addresses

Sheets with addresses of various people, possibly subscribers to the newspapers, authors, and/or members of organizations.

Subseries VIII.2: Printed Materials

Oversize Ukrainian newspapers. Organized in alphabetical order. Also include two folders of clippings from Polish, Ukrainian, and American periodical editions and one poster dedicated to 70th anniversary of the Prosvita.

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Using the Collection


Access Restrictions

This collection is located on-site.

This collection has no restrictions.

Restrictions on Use

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish material from the collection must be requested from the Curator of the Bakhmeteff Archive. The RBML approves permission to publish that which it physically owns; the responsibility to secure copyright permission rests with the patron.

Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Volodymyr Levyts'kyi Papers; Box and Folder; Bakhmeteff Archive, Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.

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About the Finding Aid / Processing Information

Columbia University Libraries. Rare Book and Manuscript Library; machine readable finding aid created by Columbia University Libraries Digital Library Program Division

Processing Information

Papers processed 2008 Katia Shraga with assistance of Alix Kotar, student of the Department of Slavic Languages and Literatures, class of 2010.

Finding Aid written by Katia Shraga December 2008.

Machine readable finding aid generated from MARC-AMC source via XSLT conversion June 30, 2009 Finding aid written in English.
    2010-04-25 xml document instance created by Carrie Hintz

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Subject Headings

The subject headings listed below are found in this collection. Links below allow searches at Columbia University through the Archival Collections Portal and through CLIO, the catalog for Columbia University Libraries, as well as ArchiveGRID, a catalog that allows users to search the holdings of multiple research libraries and archives.

All links open new windows.


HeadingCUL Archives:
CUL Collections:
Nat'l / Int'l Archives:
Sheet musicPortalCLIOArchiveGRID


HeadingCUL Archives:
CUL Collections:
Nat'l / Int'l Archives:
Bazhan, Mykola Platonovych, 1904-1983.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Defense of Ukraine (Organization).PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Ethnic relations--United States.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Fedenko, Panas.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Hryhoriiv, N. IA. (Nykyfor I.A.), 1883-1953.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Kent, Rockwell, 1882-1971.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Khrushchev, Nikita Sergeevich, 1894-1971.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Klynovyi, IUrii, 1909-PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Korotych, Vitaliii Oleksiiovych.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Kosach, Iurii.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Levyt︠s︡ʹkyĭ, Volodymyr.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Malyshko, Andriii, 1912-1970.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
New York (N.Y.)--Newspapers.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Polish Americans.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Sichyns'kyi, Myroslav, 1887-PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Songs, Ukrainian.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Stakhiv, Matvii.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Tikhonov, Nikolaii Semenovich, 1896-1979.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Tsehlyns'kyi, M.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Ukrainian Americans--Newspapers.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Ukrainian Americans.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Ukrainian Workingmen's Association (U.S.).PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Ukrainian periodicals.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Ukrainians--United States--Newspapers.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Ukrains'ka muzyka.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Virs'kyi, Pavlo.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Vynnychenko, Volodymyr Kyrylovych, 1880-1951.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
World War I.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
World War Ii.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Yarmolinsky, Avrahm, 1890-1975.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID

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History / Biographical Note


Volodymyr Levyts'kyi, prominent Ukrainian émigré political and social activist, community leader, journalist, and editor, was born 16 August 1888 in the village of Krychka, Stanislav district, Ivano- Frankivs'k region. He studied law in the universities in L'viv, Krakow, and Vienna in 1912-1914. After the beginning of World War I, Levyts'kyi became a member of the Soiuz Vyzvolennia Ukrainy (Union for the Liberation of Ukraine) and worked for the organization in German internment camps in 1915- 1918. He organized cultural and educational work for Ukrainian internees. In 1919-1920, Levyts'kyi headed the press office of the mission of the Ukrains'ka Narodna Respublika in Berlin.

After emigrating to the United States in 1924, he became a leading member of Oborona Ukrainy (Defense of Ukraine) and later its secretary (1933-1941), and editor of its Orhanizatsiini visti (1936-1941). Oborona Ukrainy was a Ukrainian political organization of a radical socialist profile, established in 1920 in the United States to assist the political and military struggles for independence in Western Ukraine. Until 1923, it was a small, clandestine organization, then it became a wider, public one with individual branches and an official newspaper, Ukrains'ka hromada (1923-1932). Its members dominated the leadership of the Ukrainian Workingmen's Association and worked closely with the Ukrainian Socialist Radical party in Western Ukraine. Its leading activists included M. Sichyns'kyi, M. Tsehlyns'kyi, and Ia. Chyzh. During the 1940s, some of its leaders, most notably Sichysn'kyi and Levyts'kyi, gradually adopted a Sovietophile outlook that helped cause a split in Oborona Ukrainy at its 1947 convention. The faction led by Sichyns'khyi and Levyts'kyi soon dissipated. During World War II, Levyts'kyi held a strongly anti-Nazi position and after the war came out against granting entry visas to the USA to those who had collaborated with the Nazis.

In 1930, Levyts'kyi organized a choir in Scranton, Pennsylvania. In 1933 he was the director of the Ukrainian pavilion at the World's Fair in Chicago.

He served as vice-president of the Ukrains'kyi robitnychyi soiuz (Ukrainian Workingmen's Association) in 1933-1941 (The organization changed its name to the Ukrainian Fraternal Association in 1978). Its leaders organized the first all-Ukrainian congress in America, supported the Federation of Ukrainians in the U.S., provided the core of support for Oborona Ukrainy, and helped found the Ukrainian Congress Committee of America, the United Ukrainian Americans Relief Committee, and the World Congress of Free Ukrainians. Besides its basic duty of paying out insurance to families of deceased members and assisting disabled or unemployed members, Soiuz organized Ukrainian schools, orchestras, and drama groups at its branches and financed publications, bookstores, and libraries. It published the newspaper Narodna volia starting in 1911 and other periodicals, annual calendars, and popular books in Ukrainian and English. The head office and editor's office are housed in the association's own building in Scranton. In 1955, it purchased the Verkhovyna resort in Glen Spey, New York, where it conducted summer camps, cultural workshops, annual art festivals, and sports competitions. In the interwar period, it offered financial aid to various institutions in Ukraine, including the Prosvita reading halls. The presidents of the organization at different periods of time were Iu. Kraikivs'kyi (1919-1922 and 1925-1927), Myroslav Sichyns'kyi (1933-1941), and A. Batiuk (1946-1973). In 1941, Levyts'kyi became chief editor of Hromads'kyi holos in New York. In 1945, he participated in the Nationalities Division Conference for Russian War Relief and was appointed to a special committee.

During 1930s-1970s, Volodymyr Levyts'kyi visited Ukraine numerous times. He died 14 February 1980 in New York.

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