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   William G. Lambert papers, 1949-1994 [Bulk Dates: 1956-1969]

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Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); William G. Lambert Papers; Box and Folder; Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.

COinS Metadata available (e.g., for Zotero).

Summary Information

At a Glance

Call No.:MS#1926
Bib ID:6911003 View CLIO record
Creator(s):Lambert, William G., 1920-1998
Title:William G. Lambert papers, 1949-1994 [Bulk Dates: 1956-1969]
Physical description:8.84 linear feet (8 record cartons and 2 document boxes)
Language(s):In English.
Access: This collection is located off-site. You will need to request this material at least two business days in advance to use the collection in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room. This collection has no restrictions.  More information »

Arrangement

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Description

Scope and Content

This collection consists of journalist William G. Lambert's (1920-1998) collected investigative materials such as correspondence, news clippings, notes, notebooks, photographs and transcripts related to his award winning reporting for The Oregonian, Portland, and for Life magazine. In 1957, Lambert and his colleague Wallace L. Turner (1921-2010) received the Pulitzer Prize for their reporting, which uncovered widespread vice and corruption within the municipal Portland city government that involved labor union officials of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters, Chauffeurs, Warehousemen and Helpers of America, Western Conference. In 1970, Lambert accepted the George Polk Award for his 1969 Life magazine reporting, which revealed that U.S. Associate Supreme Court Justice Abe Fortas (1910-1982) accepted and later returned a suspect $20,000 fee, spurring Fortas' resignation.

I. Investigations--Research Files, 1949-1992

This series contains seven subseries arranged in Lambert's original order by investigation subject. Under each subseries, the folders are arranged in alphabetical order by subject or title. Lambert's research materials include correspondence, news clippings, notes, notebooks, photographs and transcripts.

II. Libel Litigation Consultancy, 1964-1994

This series consists of three subseries related to Lambert's post journalism career as a libel litigation consultant. The first subseries II.1: Libel Cases--Testimony (1975-1994) is arranged alphabetically by libel case title. Subseries II.2: Law--Research (1964-1994) is arranged alphabetically by subject. The third subseries II.3: Mock Libel Trials (1985-1987) is arranged chronologically and documents his participation in various state and national press association conventions and conferences.

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Using the Collection

Offsite

Access Restrictions

 This collection is located off-site. You will need to request this material at least two business days in advance to use the collection in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room.

This collection has no restrictions.

Restrictions on Use

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. The RBML maintains ownership of the physical material only. Copyright remains with the creator and his/her heirs. The responsibility to secure copyright permission rests with the patron.

Accrual Information

No additions are expected.

Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); William G. Lambert Papers; Box and Folder; Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.

Finding aid in repository; folder level control.

Selected Related Materials

Pulitzer Prizes Collection, 1917-2011, Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library [MS#1034]

The Oregonian Portland vice investigation collection, 1946-1958 (inclusive)[COLL Oregon Historical Society, Davies Family Research Library, Portland, OR

Oral History Interviews with Wallace L. "Wally" Turner [sound recording], 1995 Jan. 16-29 [SR 1753], Oregon Historical Society, Portland, OR

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About the Finding Aid / Processing Information

Columbia University Libraries. Rare Book and Manuscript Library; machine readable finding aid created by Columbia University Libraries Digital Library Program Division

Processing Information

Papers processed by Christopher M. Laico, March-April 2018.

Finding Aid written in August 2018 by Christopher M. Laico.

Machine readable finding aid generated from MARC-AMC source via XSLT conversion August 29, 2018 Finding aid written in English. Finding aid adheres to that prescribed by Describing Archives: A Content Standard.
    2018-11-06 xml document instance created by Christopher M. Laico.

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Subject Headings

The subject headings listed below are found in this collection. Links below allow searches at Columbia University through the Archival Collections Portal and through CLIO, the catalog for Columbia University Libraries, as well as ArchiveGRID, a catalog that allows users to search the holdings of multiple research libraries and archives.

All links open new windows.

Genre/Form

HeadingCUL Archives:
Portal
CUL Collections:
CLIO
Nat'l / Int'l Archives:
ArchiveGRID
Personal papersPortalCLIOArchiveGRID

Subjects

HeadingCUL Archives:
Portal
CUL Collections:
CLIO
Nat'l / Int'l Archives:
ArchiveGRID
AudiotapesPortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Buckley, William F., Jr., 1925-2008PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Cohn, Roy M.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Gallagher, Cornelius E.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Hunt, E. Howard (Everette Howard), 1918-2007PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
International Brotherhood of Teamsters, Chauffeurs, Warehousemen, and Helpers of AmericaPortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Irving, CliffordPortalCLIOArchiveGRID
JournalistsPortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Journalists--United StatesPortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Kennedy, Robert F., 1925-1968PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Labor unions--United StatesPortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Libel and slander--United States--CasesPortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Organized crimePortalCLIOArchiveGRID
RacketeeringPortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Reagan, RonaldPortalCLIOArchiveGRID
United States. Congress. Senate. Select Committee on Improper Activities in the Labor or Management FieldPortalCLIOArchiveGRID

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History / Biographical Note

Biographical Note

William G. Lambert (1920-1998), an investigative journalist, was born in Langford, SD on February 2, 1920. After decorated military service in the U.S. Army during World War II in the Pacific Theater of Operations (PTO), Lambert, became a reporter and news editor at the Enterprise-Courier, Oregon City, OR. In 1950, Lambert joined The Oregonian, Portland. At The Oregonian, he teamed up with Wallace L. Turner (1921-2010) on a five-part series that uncovered widespread vice and corruption within the municipal Portland city government that involved labor union officials of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters, Chauffeurs, Warehousemen and Helpers of America, Western Conference. These reports would spur U.S. congressional investigations into organized crime across the country. In 1957, for example, Lambert and Turner testified before the Senate's Permanent Subcommittee of Investigations. Lambert and Turner would also receive the 1957 Pulitzer Prize for "Local Reporting – No edition time". The Pulitzer Prize Board stated: "They fulfilled their assignments despite great handicaps and the risk of reprisal from lawless elements."

After a brief stint as an anchor and news director at KPTV Oregon Television, in 1963, Lambert joined Life magazine as a staff reporter. At Life, he wrote an article that brought down U.S. Associate Supreme Court Justice Abe Fortas (1910-1982), who was compelled to resign from the court in 1969. In 1970, Lambert accepted the George Polk Award for his 1969 reporting on the Fortas case. Besides Fortas, Lambert and his colleagues also wrote investigative pieces on such figures as controversial attorney Roy M. Cohn (1927-1986) and U.S. Dem. NJ Congressman Cornelius E. Gallagher (1921-2018).

Lambert went on to report for the Time-Life News Service (1971-1973) and The Philadelphia Inquirer (1974-1990). During the course of his distinguished career, Lambert received many awards including a Pulitzer Prize for local reporting (1957); Heywood Broun Award (1957); Nieman Fellowship for Journalism, Harvard University (1960); award for magazine reporting Sigma Delta Chi (1967); Worth Bingham Prize for distinguished reporting (1967); Heywood Broun Award (1969); George Polk Award for magazine reporting Abe Fortas articles (1969); Sigma Delta Chi Award, National Headliners Club Award, Page One Award (1970); Pennsylvania Bar Association Award, Philadelphia Bar Association award, Philadelphia Sigma Delta Chi award, Associated Press Managing Editors Award (Pennsylvania) (1981). Upon his retirement, he went on to work as a libel litigation consultant (1990-1998). On February 2, 1998, William G. Lambert passed away after a long illness. Upon hearing of Lambert's death, the former Philadelphia Inquirer executive editor Eugene Leslie "Gene" Roberts, Jr., who hired Lambert in 1974, asserted that "he was the modern-day father of investigative journalism."

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