Rare Book & Manuscript Library
 

Annie Stein papers, 1954-1993, bulk 1954-1981

Summary Information

Abstract

These papers contain reports, newsletters, newspaper clippings, and statistical analyses related to Annie Stein's career as an activist for integration in the New York City public schools.

At a Glance

Call No.: MS#1481
Bib ID 6909494 View CLIO record
Creator(s) Stein, Annie
Title Annie Stein papers, 1954-1993, bulk 1954-1981
Physical Description 23 linear feet (31 document boxes; 8 record storage cartons)
Language(s) English .
Access You will need to make an appointment in advance to use this collection material in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room. You can schedule an appointment once you've submitted your request through your Special Collections Research Account.

This collection is located off-site. You will need to request this material at least three business days in advance to use the collection in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room.

This collection has no restrictions.

Arrangement

Arrangement

The material in the collection has been kept in its original order; an alphabetical list is available.

Description

Summary

The Annie Stein Papers contain research materials, newspaper clippings, publications and reports related to the attempts to desegregate New York City's public schools.

Using the Collection

Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Restrictions on Access

You will need to make an appointment in advance to use this collection material in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room. You can schedule an appointment once you've submitted your request through your Special Collections Research Account.

This collection is located off-site. You will need to request this material at least three business days in advance to use the collection in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room.

This collection has no restrictions.

Terms Governing Use and Reproduction

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. The RBML maintains ownership of the physical material only. Copyright remains with the creator and his/her heirs. The responsibility to secure copyright permission rests with the patron.

Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Annie Stein papers; Box and Folder; Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.

Accruals

Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. Contact rbml@columbia.edu for more information.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Source of acquisition--The RBML received these papers in a. Method of acquisition--transfer from Columbia Teachers College in; Date of acquisition--2009.

About the Finding Aid / Processing Information

Columbia University Libraries, Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Processing Information

Papers processed by Thai Jones (Columbia GSAS 2013) in 2009.

Finding Aid written by Thai Jones (Columbia GSAS 2013) in May 2009.

Revision Description

2009-08-22 xml document instance created by Carrie Hintz.

2019-05-20 EAD was imported spring 2019 as part of the ArchivesSpace Phase II migration.

Subject Headings

The subject headings listed below are found in this collection. Links below allow searches at Columbia University through the Archival Collections Portal and through CLIO, the catalog for Columbia University Libraries, as well as ArchiveGRID, a catalog that allows users to search the holdings of multiple research libraries and archives.

All links open new windows.

Subject

Heading "CUL Archives:"
"Portal"
"CUL Collections:"
"CLIO"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
"ArchivedGRID"
Academic achievement -- United States Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
African American students -- Attitudes Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
African Americans -- Education Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
African Americans -- New York (State) -- New York -- Relations with Jews Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Discrimination in education -- New York (State) -- New York Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Education -- Political aspects -- New York (State) -- New York Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Galamison, Milton A (Milton Arthur), 1923-1988 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Ocean Hill-Brownsville Demonstration School District (New York, N.Y.) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Public schools -- New York (State) -- New York Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
School integration -- New York (State) -- New York -- History Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Schools -- Centralization -- New York (State) -- New York Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Schools -- Decentralization -- New York (State) -- New York Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Strikes and lockouts -- Teachers -- New York (State) -- New York Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Teacher-student relationships -- United States Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID

History / Biographical Note

Biographical / Historical

"The average child in eighty-five percent of the Black and Puerto Rican schools is functionally illiterate after eight years of schooling in the richest city in the world. This is a massive accomplishment." These first sentences, from an essay Annie Stein wrote for the Harvard Educational Review in 1971, encapsulate a lifetime of radical activism, a career in statistical research, and a habit of righteous anger.

For nearly 50 years-- working through labor unions, civil rights committees, and community groups-- Stein used these energies to combat the routines and institutions of racism. Her efforts could be structural or personal; she wrote amicus briefs in crucial legal battles, and she rebuked individual vendors on Coney Island for selling Confederate flags. She mobilized to defend the Scottsboro Boys in the 1930s. During the 1940s, she helped lead the movement to integrate restaurants in Washington, D.C. From the 1950s through the 1970s, she struggled to end segregation in New York City's public schools. This was her greatest campaign-- involving thousands of students, parents, teachers, researchers, and administrators-- but it was also her most frustrating one.

In 1954, the U.S. Supreme Court's ruling in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka denied the legality of "separate but equal" education. With varying degrees of enthusiasm, school districts around the nation considered how to implement the new laws "with all deliberate speed." But, in New York this blandishment hardly seemed necessary. The City-- northern, liberal, wealthy-- was already ahead of schedule. The leaders of its school system had issued their own statement in 1954, and it was even more ambitious than the federal mandate. "It is now the clearly reiterated policy and program of the Board of Education of the City of New York" it read"to devise and put into operation a plan which will prevent the further development of such [segregated] schools and would integrate the existing ones as quickly as practicable.".

That year, the City possessed 52 schools where all the students were either Black or Puerto Rican. Classrooms in neighborhoods such as Harlem and Bedford-Stuyvesant were overcrowded and dysfunctional, while excellent schools in nearby white enclaves operated with hundreds of empty seats. For years, activists worked to fix this imbalance.

Organizing with parents and community groups in the underserved areas, Stein demanded mass transfers, bussing, open enrollment-- anything to get children into the high-grade institutions. The School Board refused to offer more than token concessions. Finding that racist fears were too powerful to allow existing white schools to be segregated, Stein and others agreed that the Board should construct new academies in mixed neighborhoods. Marshaling a huge investment, the City built 244 schools, but 57 percent of them were already completely segregated when their doors first opened for operation. Administrators resorted to every expedient to ensure this. In some instances, zoning lines ran right down the street where the school had been built. Black and Puerto Rican students lived on one side-- they would attend classes in the new building. On the other side of the street, the white side, students were zoned for a different school, often miles away.

In 1964, Stein joined community leaders and thousands of parents to plan a one-day boycott. Mobilizing the tactics of the civil rights movement, the organizers leafleted the city, focusing on "places where women gather-- beauty shops, Laundromats, small groceries" and demanding strict discipline. "In keeping with the dignity of our cause, picket lines should be carried out in a quiet and orderly fashion" their instructions read. "Our appeal to people is a moral one. Under no circumstances should anyone attempt physically to stop a person from entering a school." On Freedom Day, Feb. 3, 1964, half a million students stayed home. It was a dramatic action, but the fundamental problems remained.

Following a decade of policy vacillation, political confrontations, and the investment of billions of dollars, New York found itself with 201 schools that only served Black and Puerto Rican students-- a fourfold increase over 1954. In 860 schools, there were only four Black principals. Integration had failed. The City was forced to issue an embarrassing confession: "We must conclude that nothing undertaken by the New York City Board of Education since 1954 has contributed or will contribute in any meaningful degree to desegregating the public schools of the city.".

The parents and communities in suffering neighborhoods changed their strategy. Instead of trying to switch their children into white schools, they attempted to gain autonomy over the segregated institutions that had been foisted on them. They called the new tactic"community control." But sovereignty over the schools required power over hiring and firing. In Ocean Hill-Brownsville, the community board attempted to terminate several white teachers. The United Federation of Teachers would not allow this. In 1968, for several weeks, 50,000 union teachers and administrators went on a series of strikes. The ensuing conflict degenerated in recriminations and violence. The union played up instances of anti-Semitism and "Black extremist excesses" while community members spoke of racism and Apartheid. The conflict revealed fissures that many liberals had believed were closed. New Yorkers had to choose between their loyalty to labor or to civil rights. Annie Stein had ties to both movements. She had never crossed a picket line in her life. But she did so in Ocean Hill-Brownsville, and without hesitation. Her commitment was to the students and parents of the City.

"Let's shake these learned cobwebs from our eyes and look at the reality" she once wrote. To achieve this, she contributed her energies, research, and critical analysis to such groups as the Brooklyn NAACP, the Public Education Association, and Parents Against Racism in Education. In her articles and polemics, she was apt to cite Kenneth Clark or Franz Fanon, but most of her source material was provided by her opponents. Jammed filing cabinets encroached from the walls in her one-bedroom apartment. Over the years, she filled the drawers with clippings from newspapers and magazines, official school board publications, and research reports. Using these, she distilled the data into devastating accusations against the school system. When liberal educators issued their findings, she was able to refute them with their own evidence. Her rage transferred into columns and rows of pencil-scratched numbers. But, even as she analyzed the minutiae of double-humped curves and numerical "flip points" her work always kept focus on the larger issues. Racism in schools was not a statistical problem. It was not even an educational problem. It was a social problem.

In Stein's opinion, the racial divide in education reflected basic economic relations. "Blacks and Puerto Ricans are needed to man the restaurant kitchens, the hospital orderly jobs, the handtrucks and workrooms of the garment district, the unskilled port jobs, and the draft calls" she wrote. Whites, on the other hand, were "trained to fill the hundreds of thousands of office jobs in this financial and commercial capital of the world.".

Failure required everyone to contribute. "It took the effort of 63,000 teachers, thousands more administrators, scholars, and social scientists, and the expenditure of billions of dollars to achieve" Stein wrote. "Alone, however, the 'professional' educators could not have done it. They needed the active support of all the forces of business, real estate interests, trade unions, willing politicians, city officials, the police, and the courts." Teachers expected Black and Puerto Rican students to fail. Sociologists predicted their families to be pathological. Neighborhoods knew that integrated schools would not be able to teach effectively.

Stein challenged the City and its citizens to do better. Educational injustice could only end if prejudice itself was defeated. And this could only occur if the rising generations were raised together in tolerance. "If racism in the society at large becomes reflected in school policies" she concluded in one report"remedy must be sought through continuing and extending the battle against racism in society as a whole and by protecting the child from this racism. School policies and attitudes cannot be permitted to continue to reflect society's racism.".

Annie Stein's work remained unfinished when she died in May 1981. She was 68 years old.

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Files



Box 1 Folder 1 to 3 Education Reports, 1970-1984, (3 Folders)


Box 1 Folder 4 Science Clippings, 1971-1977


Box 1 Folder 5 School District Analyses, 1981-1985


Box 1 Folder 6 Clippings--1968 School Strike, 1968



Box 2 Folder 1 Council on Interracial Books, 1974-1976


Box 2 Folder 2 Articles by Martin Deutsch, 1964-1965


Box 2 Folder 3 CRMD, 1970-1971


Box 2 Folder 4 Summary Tables--Ethnic, 1960-1966


Box 2 Folder 5 Articles--NYC Schools, 1968-1974


Box 2 Folder 6 Open Admissions and Community Colleges, 1968-1974


Box 2 Folder 7 Un Nuevo Dia and other Publications, 1978-1980


Box 2 Folder 8 College Action, 1975


Box 2 Folder 9 CUNY, 1965-1974


Box 2 Folder 10 Community College, 1969-1970


Box 2 Folder 11 Rhetoric on Integrated Board of Education, 1954-1971



Box 3 Folder 1 Fuchs Shipman Ilich, 1973


Box 3 Folder 2 Staten Island Community College, 1974


Box 3 Folder 3 Harlem Parents Committee, 1972


Box 3 Folder 4 Community District 2, 1967-1973


Box 3 Folder 5 Community District 3, 1970-1977


Box 3 Folder 6 Community District 5, 1971-1976


Box 3 Folder 7 Community District 6, 1964


Box 3 Folder 8 Community District 8, 1964


Box 3 Folder 9 Community District 10, 1970


Box 3 Folder 10 Community District 11, 1972


Box 3 Folder 11 Community District 12, 1968-1974


Box 3 Folder 12 Community District 13, 1968-1970


Box 3 Folder 13 Community District 14, 1969-1970


Box 3 Folder 14 Community District 15, 1968-1969


Box 3 Folder 15 Community District 18, 1974


Box 3 Folder 16 Community District 19, 1969-1972


Box 3 Folder 17 Community District 20, 1969


Box 3 Folder 18 Community Districts 21 and 22, 1967-1969


Box 3 Folder 19 Community District 23, 1965-1977


Box 3 Folder 20 Community District 28, 1970-1971



Box 4 Folder 1 Accountability, 1971-1974


Box 4 Folder 2 to 4 Brody-Jones et al. vs. Macchiarola et al., 1977-1978, (3 Folders)


Box 4 Folder 5 Prescription Drugs in Class, 1970-1973


Box 4 Folder 6 Reports, 1971-1980



Box 5 Folder 1 to 2 Pamphlets and Notes, 1971-1978, (2 Folders)


Box 5 Folder 3 AERA Talk, 1969-1970


Box 5 Folder 4 Watchdog, 1976


Box 5 Folder 5 Science and Society article, 1972-1973


High Schools


Box 5 Folder 6 High School Bronx, 1974


Box 5 Folder 7 Elite High School, 1971-1977


Box 5 Folder 8 Alternative High School and Pushouts, 1971-1973


Box 5 Folder 9 High School Critical Studies--Data, 1970-1974


Box 5 Folder 10 High School Data, 1966-1975


Box 5 Folder 11 George Washington H.S. Data, 1977


Box 5 Folder 12 High School Protest, 1967-1969



Box 6 Folder 1 Washington Irving High School, 1969


Box 6 Folder 2 Andrew Jackson High School, 1968-1969


Box 6 Folder 3 John Jay High School, 1969-1970


Box 6 Folder 4 High School Diplomas, 1969-1973


Box 6 Folder 5 High School Finances, 1970-1971


Box 6 Folder 6 "Disruption"--High School--Causes and Cures, 1970-1972


Box 6 Folder 7 Rights of High School Students, 1972


Box 6 Folder 8 Vocation High School and Satellite Academies, 1969-1975


Box 6 Folder 9 Hunter College High School, 1977


Box 6 Folder 10 Harlem Prep, 1971


Box 6 Folder 11 Benjamin Franklin High School, 1970


Box 6 Folder 12 Eastern District High School, 1969-1972


Box 6 Folder 13 Canarsie High School, 1969-1971


Box 6 Folder 14 Boys and Girls High School, 1968-1975


Box 6 Folder 15 High School Local Actions, 1969-1972


Box 6 Folder 16 Woodrow Wilson, 1969-1970


Box 6 Folder 17 New Utrecht, 1975


Box 6 Folder 18 New Park East High School, 1972


Box 6 Folder 19 Music and Art, 1971


Box 6 Folder 20 MLK High School, 1971


Box 6 Folder 21 August Martin High School, 1971


Box 6 Folder 22 Mark Twain High School, 1974


Box 6 Folder 23 Manhattan High School, 1972


Box 6 Folder 24 Long Island City High School, 1972-1976


Box 6 Folder 25 Francis K. Lane High School, 1968-1969


Box 6 Folder 26 New Harlem High School, 1971


Box 6 Folder 27 United Parents Association, 1977


Box 6 Folder 28 George Wingate High School, 1974


Box 6 Folder 29 to 30 110 Livington Street, 1965-1976, (2 Folders)


Box 6 Folder 31 Robinson Board, 1971-1972


Box 6 Folder 32 High School Principals Association, 1968-1969


Box 6 Folder 33 Community Board Powers, 1970-1972


Box 6 Folder 34 Central Board vs. Local Boards, 1970-1973


Box 6 Folder 35 School Board Election Procedures, 1973-1977


Box 6 Folder 36 Redistricting, 1974


Box 6 Folder 37 Canarsie, 1972


Box 6 Folder 38 Integration Plans--Bronx, 1964


Box 6 Folder 39 Mixed Districts, 1967


Box 6 Folder 40 Board of Education, 1969-1970



Box 7 Folder 1 to 4 Data By Schools, 1962-1965, (4 Folders)


Box 7 Folder 5 Integration Plans--Brooklyn, 1965


Box 7 Folder 6 Accountability Plan, 1974


Box 7 Folder 7 Advocacy, 1976-1977


Box 7 Folder 8 Alternative Schools, 1972


Box 7 Folder 9 to 15 X Districts, 1971-1978, (7 Folders)


Box 7 Folder 16 Alternative Education, 1968-1973


Box 7 Folder 17 Biblios, 1971-1972


Box 7 Folder 18 Bilingualism, 1974-1975



Box 8 Folder 1 Education Park, 1963-1967


Box 8 Folder 2 Black Studies, 1963-1966


Box 8 Folder 3 to 4 Boston Zoning and Busing, 1974-1975, (2 Folders)


Box 8 Folder 5 Breakfast Program, 1975


Box 8 Folder 6 Budget Crisis, 1970-1971


Box 8 Folder 7 The Bus, 1972-1976


Box 8 Folder 8 Regents--State, 1975


Box 8 Folder 9 Maintenance and Repair, 1969


Box 8 Folder 10 NY State Education Department, 1967-1968


Box 8 Folder 11 Parochial, 1966-1972


Box 8 Folder 12 Church-State, 1967


Box 8 Folder 13 CSB Elections, 1975


Box 8 Folder 14 Dropout Hearing, 1975


Box 8 Folder 15 Community Control--Other Cities, 1968


Box 8 Folder 16 to 17 Curriculum, 1964-1970, (2 Folders)



Box 9 Folder 1 Curriculum-Promotion, 1969-1972


Box 9 Folder 2 Examiners, 1964-1973


Box 9 Folder 3 Career Education, 1965


Box 9 Folder 4 to 6 Mexican-Americans and Chicanos, 1967-1975, (3 Folders)


Box 9 Folder 7 Integration Cases--National, 1970-1976


Box 9 Folder 8 Lunch Program, 1969


Box 9 Folder 9 Legal Action, 1967-1968


Box 9 Folder 10 Homework Helper, 1968


Box 9 Folder 11 Manpower Training, 1970


Box 9 Folder 12 Paraprofessionals, 1970


Box 9 Folder 13 Construction--Educational Construction Fund, 1968


Box 9 Folder 14 CORE--Independent School District, 1967-1968


Box 9 Folder 15 Program Summary--Edythe Babette Edwards, 1976


Box 9 Folder 16 Think Pieces--Editorials, 1971-1976


Box 9 Folder 17 Repression--Crime, 1975-1976


Box 9 Folder 18 "Shanker Says,", 1976


Box 9 Folder 19 Elections, 1977



Box 10 Folder 1 Compensatory Education, 1962-1972


Box 10 Folder 2 Council Data, 1975-1976


Box 10 Folder 3 District Actions, 1976


Box 10 Folder 4 Attacks on Decentralization, 1975


Box 10 Folder 5 Drugs, 1976


Box 10 Folder 6 to 7 Indian, 1970-1977, (2 Folders)


Box 10 Folder 8 PEA Reports, 1970s


Box 10 Folder 9 Articles and Newsletters, 1975-1978


Box 10 Folder 10 Clips--WC, 1972


Box 10 Folder 11 to 12 School Achievement Rankings, 1972-1974, (2 Folders)


Box 10 Folder 13 School Elections, 1973


Box 10 Folder 14 to 15 State Urban Education Proposals, 1969-1970, (2 Folders)


Box 10 Folder 16 State Integration Fund, 1968


Box 10 Folder 17 Integration Plans--Queens, 1963-1966


Box 10 Folder 18 to 19 Suspensions, 1967-1972, (2 Folders)


Box 10 Folder 20 to 21 Students' Rights, 1972-1973, (2 Folders)



Box 11 Folder 1 Special Schools, 1965-1971


Box 11 Folder 2 "600" Schools, 1964-1969


Box 11 Folder 3 Special Education, 1970-1971


Box 11 Folder 4 Pupil Promotions--Junior High, 1967


Box 11 Folder 5 Junior High School 8 Queens, 1966-1968


Box 11 Folder 6 Histories, 1966-1974


Box 11 Folder 7 Leacock, undated


Box 11 Folder 8 Federal Agency Statements, 1964-1972


Box 11 Folder 9 Fiscal Crisis, 1975-1977


Box 11 Folder 10 Action on School Strike, 1975


Box 11 Folder 11 Handicapped, 1975


Box 11 Folder 12 Politicians--Statements on NYC Schools, 1964-1969


Box 11 Folder 13 Summary Data, 1957-1959


Box 11 Folder 14 Achievement--Junior High School Study, 1959


Box 11 Folder 15 Achievement Data Study--Elementary, 1958-1959


Box 11 Folder 16 Achievement Memo, 1958-1967


Box 11 Folder 17 Utilization of Schools Maps, 1958-1960


Box 11 Folder 18 to 19 Data for PEA Schools, 1954-1960, (2 Folders)



Box 12 Folder 1 Statistics, 1957-1959


Box 12 Folder 2 Brooklyn Data Prior to 1957, 1954-1958, 1957, 1954-1958


Box 12 Folder 3 to 4 Pamphlets and Reports, 1964-1976, (2 Folders)


Box 12 Folder 5 to 6 Teachers Strike, 1968, (2 Folders)



Box 13 Folder 1 Right to Education--Draft, 1973


Box 13 Folder 2 Notes for Autobiographical Cookbook, undated


Box 13 Folder 3 Accountability, 1970-1971


Box 13 Folder 4 Class Size, 1957


Box 13 Folder 5 Rudolph--Toward Science, 1954


Box 13 Folder 6 MacDonald, 1966


Box 13 Folder 7 Wastnedge--"Learning" to Teach, 1970


Box 13 Folder 8 Parents--Newson, 1976


Box 13 Folder 9 Galanter, Ruth, 1993


Box 13 Folder 10 Weber--"What is Prime,", 1975


Box 13 Folder 11 Weber--"It is Winter,", 1960


Box 13 Folder 12 Weber--On Schachtel, undated


Box 13 Folder 12 Linear City--History, 1967-1969


Box 13 Folder 13 Linear City--Plans, 1977


Box 13 Folder 14 to 15 Clippings and Reports, 1969-1993, (2 Folders)



Box 14 Folder 1 Brownsville Model Cities, 1969-1973


Box 14 Folder 2 School Board 23, 1972


Box 14 Folder 3 History of Spring Creek Education Park, 1963-1969


Box 14 Folder 4 Brownsville Education Park, 1965


Box 14 Folder 5 Fruitless Negotiations, 1964-1965


Box 14 Folder 6 Peoples Center for the Arts--Gary, 1971


Box 14 Folder 7 Title III--Umbrella Program, 1966-1970


Box 14 Folder 8 Women--Discrimination in Schools, 1972-1973


Box 14 Folder 9 Ethnicity Statistics, 1963-1970


Box 14 Folder 10 Growth of Segregation, 1965-1969


Box 14 Folder 11 Official Decentralization Plans, 1967-1968



Box 15 Folder 1 Rein, Dave, 1979


Box 15 Folder 2 Views--Harlem Parents Committee, 1966-1967


Box 15 Folder 3 Urban League Report--"A Study of the Problems of Integration in New York City Public Schools Since 1955,", 1963


Box 15 Folder 4 Racism Reports, 1958-1965


Box 15 Folder 5 Schools vs. Community, 1969


Box 15 Folder 6 Implementation--Allen Place, 1966


Box 15 Folder 7 Integration Plans--Not New York City, 1955-1964


Box 15 Folder 8 Boycott, 1965



Box 16 Folder 1 to 2 Achievement, 1974-1975, (2 Folders)


Box 16 Folder 3 Indianapolis, 1972


Box 16 Folder 4 Buffalo, 1970


Box 16 Folder 5 P.A.T. Boycott, 1964


Box 16 Folder 6 Boycotts, 1964-1965


Box 16 Folder 7 Allen Plan, 1964


Box 16 Folder 8 to 9 Oklahoma City, 1969-1977, (2 Folders)


Box 16 Folder 10 Reading Scores and Rank, 1977-1978


Box 16 Folder 11 Achievement Scores, 1976


Box 16 Folder 12 Reading Scores, 1970


Box 16 Folder 13 Rochester, 1969


Box 16 Folder 14 Philadelphia Title I Suit, 1973


Box 16 Folder 15 Milwaukee, 1975-1976


Box 16 Folder 16 Houston Reading Scores, 1966-1974



Box 17 Folder 1 Pontiac Michigan Study, 1973-1974


Box 17 Folder 2 Flint Michigan Report, 1971


Box 17 Folder 3 Early Decentralization Debates, 1960-1965


Box 17 Folder 4 Strike Settlement Comment, 1968-1969


Box 17 Folder 5 Districting Problems, 1969-1970


Box 17 Folder 6 Board Decentralization Plan and Hearings, 1968-1969


Box 17 Folder 7 Open Enrollment--Integration--Official Documents, 1968-1970


Box 17 Folder 8 Brooklyn Museum, 1965


Box 17 Folder 9 to 10 Teacher Action for Community Control, 1967-1969, (2 Folders)


Box 17 Folder 11 SCOPE Bulletin, 1968-1969


Box 17 Folder 12 UFT Contract, 1969



Box 18 Folder 1 News Clips on Decentralization Debate, 1967-1968


Box 18 Folder 2 Short-Range Decentralization, 1968


Box 18 Folder 3 Bundy Report, 1967-1968


Box 18 Folder 4 Reverse Open Enrollment, 1966


Box 18 Folder 5 Teachers' Strike, 1967


Box 18 Folder 6 Unemployment, 1964-1972


Box 18 Folder 7 Population Data--NY, 1962


Box 18 Folder 8 Income, 1970-1972


Box 18 Folder 9 Reports and Statistics, 1959-1975


Box 18 Folder 10 Community Board Elections Protest, 1970


Box 18 Folder 11 Training Teachers, 1965-1974


Box 18 Folder 12 NY State Legislature, 1969


Box 18 Folder 13 to 14 Textbooks, 1969-1974, (2 Folders)


Box 18 Folder 15 to 16 Evaluations--Title I, 1968-1975, (2 Folders)



Box 19 Folder 1 Baum Case Appeal, 1977


Box 19 Folder 2 UFT Positions Before and After Strike, 1968


Box 19 Folder 3 to 4 Black Teachers and Staff, 1970-1977, (2 Folders)


Box 19 Folder 5 Teachers--Composition and Placement, 1967-1971


Box 19 Folder 6 to 7 Tests and Testing, 1961-1973, (2 Folders)


Box 19 Folder 8 Education Technology, 1969


Box 19 Folder 9 Citywide Council for Quality Education, 1976-1977


Box 19 Folder 10 SESPA, undated


Box 19 Folder 11 Community District 23, 1970-1972


Box 19 Folder 12 Data for Reading Failure Lecture, 1974



Box 20 Folder 1 Course on Racism and Education, 1974


Box 20 Folder 2 District One, 1969


Box 20 Folder 3 to 4 Reading Crisis, 1962-1972, (2 Folders)


Box 20 Folder 5 Integration, 1963-1964


Box 20 Folder 6 Parents Workshop, 1961-1962


Box 20 Folder 7 Commission on Integration--Reports, 1956-1957



Box 21 Folder 1 Decentralization Debate--Post-strike, 1969


Box 21 Folder 2 More Effective Schools, 1964-1969


Box 21 Folder 3 Andrew Jackson High School, 1974-1975


Box 21 Folder 4 Reports and Newsletters, 1963-1978


Box 21 Folder 5 Intermediate School 201, 1968


Box 21 Folder 6 Brownsville School Data, 1965-1969


Box 21 Folder 7 Commissioner's Orders, 1967-1968



Box 22 Folder 1 Galamison Appeal Documents, 1966


Box 22 Folder 2 Brownsville Education Park Suit, 1966-1968


Box 22 Folder 3 to 4 Utilization Reports, 1963-1969, (2 Folders)



Box 23 Folder 1 Utilization Reports, 1969-1973


Box 23 Folder 2 to 4 Fact Books and Reports, 1968-1975, (3 Folders)



Box 24 Folder 1 Fact Books and Reports, 1970


Box 24 Folder 2 Business and Administrative Curriculum, 1971-1972


Box 24 Folder 3 Hobson Case, 1967


Box 24 Folder 4 Harlem Parents Suit, 1975-1976


Box 24 Folder 5 Reverse Discrimination, 1974-1977


Box 24 Folder 7 School Board Elections, 1970


Box 24 Folder 8 School Construction Scandals, 1968


Box 24 Folder 9 Education Parks, 1965-1966



Box 25 Folder 1 Integration Construction Budget, 1963-1965


Box 25 Folder 2 Allen Plan, 1965


Box 25 Folder 3 Official Documents--Open Enrollment, 1957-1962


Box 25 Folder 4 Official Statements, 1962-1963


Box 25 Folder 5 Community Control--Bills and Formal Actions, 1965-1971


Box 25 Folder 6 School Year, 1979-1980


Box 25 Folder 7 Parents' Rights, 1966


Box 25 Folder 8 to 9 Students' Rights, 1969, (2 Folders)



Box 26 Folder 1 Students' Rights, 1969-1973


Box 26 Folder 2 Public School Ethnic Composition--Tabular Data, 1963


Box 26 Folder 3 Legal Action, 1969-1970


Box 26 Folder 4 to 6 Puerto Rican Data, 1963-1971, (3 Folders)


Box 26 Folder 7 Ritalin, 1971-1974


Box 26 Folder 8 Fleischman, 1971


Box 26 Folder 9 Reports, 1958-1974



Box 27 Folder 1 to 2 Reports, 1962-1973, (2 Folders)


Box 27 Folder 3 to 5 Legal Action, 1960-1983, (3 Folders)


Box 27 Folder 6 Capitalism and Crisis, 1974



Box 28 Folder 1 Learn English Campaign, 1963


Box 28 Folder 2 Staff Survey, 1976


Box 28 Folder 3 Reports, 1962-1972


Box 28 Folder 4 Legal Action, 1969-1976


Baum, Jeanne Case, 1973-1978


Box 28 Folder 5 Baum, Jean Video, 1973



Box 29 Folder 1 to 3 Baum Trial Testimony, 1975, (3 Folders)


Box 29 Folder 4 Legal Documents, 1975



Box 30 Folder 1 to 3 Legal Documents, 1975-1978, (3 Folders)


Box 30 Folder 4 Achievement--Reading, 1971



Box 31 Folder 1 East New York Educational Complex--Master Plan, 1973


Staff Data--Department of Health Education and Welfare, 1971-1979


Box 31 Folder 2 H.E.W.--NY Schools, 1977-1979


Box 31 Folder 3 to 5 Reports, 1971-1979, (3 Folders)


Stein, Annie--Personal


Box 31 Folder 6 Resume, 1970


Box 31 Folder 7 Car Accident, 1980


Box 31 Folder 8 Career Ed, 1974

2020 Addition to the Papers



Box 32 Non School (to be sorted)


Box 32 Labor Board Case


Box 32 Pare Paper Articles


Box 32 Angela Davis


Box 32 RfA


Box 32 China-Cuba Ed.


Box 32 AESA conv.


Box 32 Soviet Education


Box 32 China


Box 32 Jeanne Baum, 7/78-11/78


Box 32 PARE, Essay: "Land, Peace, Bread"


Box 32 Repression/Big Brother


Box 32 Umbrella


Box 32 Welfare-School Struggles


Box 32 City College-Women's Study Program


Box 32 SAAL


Box 32 Aronwitz Youth Studies


Box 32 COHR Hearing


Box 32 NJ Organizing Committee Against Grand Jury Abuse


Box 32 May 3 Anti War


Box 32 New Party Peoples Alliance


Box 32 Freedom of Information


Box 32 Black United Frat.


Box 32 Committee to Elect Margarita N. Ortiz to Community Board #10


Box 32 PRSC Bd. , October 1979


Box 32 Weber Case Bakke Fallout


Box 32 Black Protest Clip, 9/1978


Box 32 Planned Shrinkage


Box 32 CDF Reports


Box 32 Fight Back for Children


Box 32 CLIPS P.R., 1979


Box 32 P.R. Symposium


Box 32 Chapter VIII - "Days of Rage"



Box 33 Eleanor Stein Raskin FBI File, 1979


Box 33 Marvel Comics: "Fool Killer" Volume 1, No. 1, October 1990


Box 33 Clippings and offprints


Box 33 Educational Park Picture Book First draft manuscript


Box 33 CUNY Admission Letters


Box 33 Columbia University Law School Correspondence and Statements, 1969-1983


Box 33 Wooden BoxH. Upmann Habana containing memoralilia, correspondence, photographs



Box 34 Strategies for Failure by Annie Stein


Box 34 Javits Sit In


Box 34 Annie's Writings


Box 34 Hard Times


Box 34 PARE


Box 34 Politics of Reading Failure First draft, 5/1974


Box 34 Medical Summary Sheet for baby boy, 1977


Box 34 Chapter 3


Box 34 Lay Advocates Center


Box 34 Counterpoint in Carnarsie by Annie Stein


Box 34 Articles and Research re. Education


Box 34 Annie Stein 100th Birthday, March 21, 2013 Guest Book


Box 34 Small Box"Annie's Travels" containing postcards, photographs and travel brochures



Box 35 Pamphlets, Memoranda, and Statements re. Organizing Workers and Anti-Racism


Box 35 Annie pamphlets


Box 35 Friends, Family & Freedom Fighters Pay Tribute to Annie Stein (March 3, 1913-May 13, 1981) 35 The Black Scholar: Black Politics 1980"


Box 35 Brave Words and Bloody Knuckles: How to Start Your Own White Nationalist Party


Box 35 Women Office Workers Orginizing Materials


Box 35 Integrated Education (pamphlets and publications)



Box 36 Miscellaneous pamphlets, brochures, clippings, etc. re. NYC Schools and Boston Race Relations, 1980-1981



Box 37 Annie's Writings


Box 37 Annie's Correspondence


Box 37 China Action


Box 37 Aboriginal Education


Box 37 Tracking


Box 37 Politics of Reading Failure


Box 37 Education Clippings


Box 37 KKK


Box 37 Brenda's Paper


Box 37 Bill Carlotti letter re. Education


Box 37 Photographs


Box 37 Charles Isaacs "Race and Social Class as Variables Limiting Curriculum Oprions in the City University of New York"


Box 37 Puerto Rican Solidarity Committee


Box 37 Miscellaneous newsletters, pamphlets, broadsides, etc. re. education and race relations


Box 37 Appeal to help free Carol Crooks


Box 37 Articles, Essays, Off-Prints re. Education and Racism



Box 38 Annie Stein's Accident


Box 38 Map: Distribution of Balck, Puerto Rican & Other Pupils in New York Public Schools 1972-73


Box 38 Transfer all Power to the People of Puerto Rico


Box 38 Facts for School Action


Box 38 We Miss You Booklet of drawings created by children


Box 38 URPE: The Review of Radical Political Economics


Box 38 Name and Address Stickers


Box 38 Calligraphy


Box 38 David Rein Celebration


Box 38 ROAR Lists


Miscellaneous Publications, Reports, Newsletters, and Flyers:


Box 38 National Directory of Black School Board Members, 1971


Box 38 Directory of National Black Periodicals and Journals. Issue #2, 22 October 1971


Box 38 1970 Census of Population: General Social and Economic Characteristics New Yorl


Box 38 Bureau of Labor Statistics. Special Labor Force Report No. 32


Box 38 White-Nonwhite Mortality Differentials in the United States, June 1965


Box 38 Contrasts in Spending by Urban Families: Trends Since 1950 and Variations in 1960-61, February 1965


Box 38 National Geographic, Volume 177, No. 4, April 1990


Box 38 An Evening Honoring Joe Forer, 9 June 1979


Box 38 Young Workers: Their Special Traing Needs, May 1963


Box 38 Helen Ginsburg. Unemployment, Subemployment, and Public Policy, 1975


Box 38 Obreros en Marcha, September 1980


Box 38 NECLC Reprot, 1971-1980


Box 38 7 Geat Plays, 1980-81


Box 38 Integrated Education, September 1980


Box 38 Interracial Books for Children, 4 September 1974


Box 38 Annie Stein. The Persistenec of Academic Retardation in New York Coty Schools (Changing Patterns 1958-1971), October 1971


Box 38 1970 Census of Population and Housing. New Jersey Final Report., August 1971


Box 38 1970 Census of Population and Housing. United States Summary Final Report., October 1971


Box 38 PARE Mailings


Box 38 The American Federation of Teachers [A/F/T/] and the C.I.A.


Box 38 Consumer Income, July 1972


Box 38 Thomas Pettigrew "The Cold Structural Inducements to Integration", Summer 1975


Box 38 People Against Racism in Education (PARE), December 1977


Box 38 People Against Racism in Education (PARE), April 1977


Box 38 Codes Used to Represent the General Racial Background of the Newspapers Listed


Box 38 Employment and Earnings, Volume 17 No. 3, September 1970


Box 38 Monthly Labor Review. Volume 88, No. 6, June 1965


Box 38 An Analysis of Pockets of High Unemployment in New York City, August 1963


Box 38 Employment of Unskilled Workers, October 1965


Box 38 Directory of National Black Organizations, 1972


Box 38 Changes in the Structure of Manufacturing Employment


Box 38 Marital and Family Characteristics of Workers, March 1971


Box 38 Differences between Incomes of White and Negro Families by Work Experience of Wife and Region: 1970, 1969, and 1959


Box 38 The Negro's Journey to the City-Part I, May 1965


Box 38 The Economic Situation of Negroes in the United Sates, 1962


Box 38 Down the Up Staicase. Tracking Public Schools, 1971


Box 38 Documents of the First National Puerto Rican Convention held April 25, 26, 1981 at Paul Robeson Intermediate School, Bronx, New York



Box 39 Black Labor and Action


Box 39 Correspondence re. her article "Strategies of Failure", 1971-1978


Box 39 Citizens' Review Committee/Grand Jury Project/Assata Shakur Defense Committee


Box 39 Park West Village Tenant's Association


Box 39 Bluedini the Great Children's art/story book


Box 39 Friends, Family & Freedom Fighters Pay Tribute to Annie Stein (March 3, 1913-May 13, 1981) (11 copies) 39 Annie Stein. The Persistence of Academic Retardation in New York City Schools: Changing Patterns 1958-1971", October 1971


Box 39 Interracial Books


Box 39 Sealed and addressed envelopes (10)


Box 39 Interracial Books for Children (publication)


Box 39 Paw Prints (Newsletter of Prople Against White Supremacy)


Box 39 Three poems" "The North Star"; "Before the Snow"; "Montage of a Dream Deferred"


Box 39 Puerto Rico by Peoples Press. Manuscript


Box 39 Changing Composition of W-C.


Box 39 A Study of Racial and Ethnic Imbalance in the Paterson Public Schools by Max Wolff


Box 39 Harlen Cases, 1975


Box 39 Bronx Real Estate


Box 39 Bronx Politics (Mss.)


Box 39 Bronx Politics/Roberto Ramirez research


Box 39 Clippings


Box 39 Miscellaneous photographs, poem, card, floppy disk 'Konkret #1"