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American College for Girls records, 1880s-1979

Summary Information

Abstract

These records contain information related to the formation of the American College for Girls. They document the founders' attempts to define the mission of a Christian women's college within the Ottoman Empire.

At a Glance

Call No.: MS#1446
Bib ID 6799283 View CLIO record
Creator(s) American College for Girls (Istanbul, Turkey)
Title American College for Girls records, 1880s-1979
Physical Description 18 linear feet (37 document boxes)
Language(s) English , Bulgarian , Turkish .
Access

This collection has no restrictions.

This collection is located on-site.

Arrangement

Arrangement

This collection is arranged in 11 series and 1 additional series.

Description

Summary

The American College for Girls records comprise eight series. In addition, there is a vital documents series, a substantial collection of photographs, and a sizable body of records that include both colleges.

The collection also contains personal papers of some of the leading figures in the history of each institution, notably Cyrus Hamlin, George Washburn, Christopher Robert, Caleb F. Gates, Mary Mills Patrick and Caroline Borden. Cyrus Hamlin's earliest papers date from the 1830s, while the correspondence of the correspondence Caleb Gates and Mary Patrick extends into their retirement years as they continued to remain in close touch with their colleagues and former students.

The earliest records of ACG date from 1890, the year of its founding with a charter from the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. The records are not as complete for the early years as for the later ones. Nevertheless, they document the pioneering role of ACG in opening higher education to women in the Near East and thereby enrich our understanding of the dramatic changes in the changes in the status of women during the twentieth century.

The collection contains a large proportion of college officials in Istanbul and the Office York. The vital role played by the trustees and material support to both colleges is well documented. Throughout the correspondence that concerns the operations of the colleges there can be found many commentaries on events in Turkey and the outlying regions of the Ottoman Empire. Moreover, the administrators of both institutions reported on their travels in Europe and the Near East. They wrote about Turkey and conditions during the Russo-Turkish conflict and both World Wars. Finally, they followed with great interest the modernization in Turkey and sought to adapt their own institutions to the far-reaching changes in Turkish society. Thus, while theses records contain the history of two American colleges, they are also significant sources for the study of modern Turkey. Accordingly, extensive descriptions of each record series are provided.

  • Series 1: Records of the Trustees

  • Series II: Records of the President

  • Series III: Records of the Dean

    There are seven folders of dean's records. Three cover the period of Louise B. Wallace's deanship, mainly the period 1914-1919. Subjects relate primarily to the difficulties involved in bringing over new faculty in the light of wartime conditions.

    Eleanor Burns became dean in 1924 and in 1932 received the added responsibilities of American vice president when the two colleges were merged. She served until her retirement in 1950. Earlier she held positions as registrar and professor of physics. Much of her correspondence can be found in the records of the New York Office. In the Dean's files there is an account of a memorial assembly held at the college following her death in 1952.

  • Series IV: Records of the Secretary and Bursar

    These records deal with administrative and financial matters, but many transactions between the college campus and the New York Office were directly affected by policies of the Turkish Government. Finances were complicated by the fact that tuition rates had to be adjusted to fluctuations of the Turkish lira. Faculty salaries were affected by conditions during World War I, particularly when the Turkish Government imposed a personal tax on college personnel in April 1915.

    Mary Patrick's letters to Susan Olmstead, secretary and bursar, while largely administrative, are sprinkled with comments about life at the college as well as about events in Turkey. Patrick's fundraising trips to the United States also involve correspondence with the New York Office. She continued to be active in raising funds after her retirement in 1924 and thus continued to correspond through 1926. The records contain information on teachers' salaries, currency rates, scholarship awards, and travel arrangements.

    Kathryn Adams, Patrick's successor, writes about the effect of Ataturk's reforms. For example, the college was asked not to distinguish any longer among the nationalities of the Republic when identifying students, unless their legal residence was outside Turkey. The Government also required that the teaching of the Greek and Armenian languages be dropped.

    Adams also kept Olmstead informed as to how new faculty members adjusted to life at ACG, along with writing about the difficulties involved in filling the places of longtime members of the faculty who retired. Olmstead in turn reported to Adams regarding decisions by the trustees and the state of financial support.

  • Series V: Records of the Office of the Faculty

    The faculty records are fragmentary. There were meetings of the faculty and committees of the faculty, but apparently very few documents remain. There is a report of a 1909 faculty meeting and a folder of memos addressed to the "Educational Committee" regarding candidates for faculty appointment (1919-20). In addition, there is a proposal for a Home Economics Department (1920), a faculty handbook (1927) and some correspondence between individual faculty members and the New York Office. Finally, this series contains a mimeographed faculty, staff and community directory, dated 1961-1962.

  • Series VI: Records of the Office of the Trustees, New York

    The New York Office of the Near East College Association served as the link between the college and its supporters in the United States. For many years, beginning in the 1920s, the office was headed by Albert Staub. These records are comprised of the two major sub-series: one the correspondence with ACG's President, Kathryn Adams, and the other, the correspondence with Dean Eleanor Burns.

    ACG's inadequate endowment meant that fundraising continued to be a major concern for Adams and this is reflected in the records. The Near East College Association raised money but it was apportioned among several colleges.

    In 1924, ACG organized a Social Service Center and Adams reports on the significance of its work. The assistance the center provided to village residents was important as outreach for the college as well as providing useful experience for those students interested in social work as a career.

    In 1928, Adams reported that Mrs. Charles A. Lindbergh, mother of the famous pilot, had joined the faculty as a visiting Professor of Chemistry, while Alice Morrow, sister of Dwight Morrow, U.S. Ambassador to Mexico, agreed to act as hostess for visiting dignitaries. It was hoped and expected that Mrs. Lindbergh would afterward use her influence on behalf of the college. Unfortunately, she was not happy there and Adams later wrote that "a tremendous load has been taken from me," when Mrs. Lindbergh left (January 14, 1929). Miss Morrow, on the other hand, remained and was supportive of the college. Adams's letters are informative. She reports on activities of the alumnae and on the visits of dignitaries to Istanbul.

    There is a folder of correspondence from Dr. Marion Talbot, who served as acting president of ACG during 1931 and 1932. Her letters discuss the difficulties the college was experiencing, due in part to the impact of the worldwide economic crisis. In addition, there are several folders of correspondence from Dr. Virginia Gildersleeve, dean of Barnard College, who served as a trustee of ACG for many years.

    The correspondence of Burns reflects her responsibilities for recruitment of faculty as well as the procurement and awarding of scholarships. Moreover, she discusses in detail specific problems that arose between the college and the Turkish Minister of Education. Many of her letters refer to attached enclosures such as translations of articles from the Turkish press, but these are not filed with the correspondence and may have been lost.

    There is an exchange of correspondence between Staub and Mary Patrick covering the years 1922-23, the last of Patrick's years as president. The next correspondence is dated 1933-1935, which includes the years of Patrick's retirement, but that is hardly an accurate description for she remained active in fundraising and continued a lively interest in the affairs of the college.

  • Series VII: Financial Records, 1899-1946

    While this series essentially covers financial matters, it is in the form of correspondence that includes discussion of the reasons for property acquisition, new buildings, supplies, and other expenditures. It is therefore of interest apart from strictly monetary concerns.

    There are a number of letters from Mary Mills Patrick and William W. Peet that discuss the 1905 fire at the Uskudar campus as well as the move from Uskudar to Arnavutköy. In one letter, dated July 31, 1911, Peet refers to a major event outside the campus. On the anniversary of the proclamation of the Turkish Constitution, July 22, two large fires broke out in Istanbul that destroyed no less than 10,000 houses and rendered 50,000-60,000 homeless. The suspicion exists, Peet reports, "that the fires are the work of incendiaries and that it is one form of reactionary protest against the present government." As a precaution, the college hired a night watchman.

    Mary Patrick reports on developments at the college and also on her fundraising efforts in the United States. After her retirement in 1924, the correspondence in this series tends to deal more exclusively with financial matters. There are some useful summary documents; e.g., the construction costs of each building on the Arnavutkoy campus as of its completion in 1915 (Lucius E. Thayer correspondence to Leolin H. Keeney, June 24,1932, Box 32, Folder 16).

    The records of the 1930s and the World War II era document the financial difficulties involved in operating the college during the Great Depression and the wartime years. Shortly after World War II, there is a report on the college, dated May 10,1947, by President Floyd Black on his return to the campus after a four-month absence in the U.S. (Box 32, Folder 25a).

    Another document worth noting is in the file of Business Manager A. W. Sellar. It is a six-page "History of the Musurus Palace at Arnavutköy", which was built in the early nineteenth century on the site that later became part of the ACG campus. The document is dated August 7,1929 (Box 32, Folder 25c).

  • Series VIII: Publicity, Official Events and Historical, General

    This series contains some printed materials--pamphlets and newspaper articles pertaining to ACG and major events in the Near East. News clippings date from the early 1900s to the late 1940s and include portrait photographs with brief biographical data on some faculty members (Box 33, Folders 1-2). There are fundraising pamphlets and brochures dating to 1907 and 1909. Materials relating to official events at the college include a richly detailed scrapbook containing Charter Day speeches, extracts from letters, commencement programs, news clippings and memorabilia covering the period from the 1880s to 1907 (Box 34, Folder 1: This material is fragile).

    There is a 46-page typescript copy of a journal kept by Nettie Dodd from 1866 -1868. Her sister was Isabel Dodd, a longtime faculty member at ACG, her brother, William S. Dodd, was a medical missionary in Turkey.

    Several articles by Mary Mills Patrick and others focus on the work of the college and the education of women. They span the period from 1908 to 1955.

    Finally, there are a number of studies of the college including doctoral dissertations, M.A. theses and historical essays on the general subject of education in Turkey. Most are in typescript. A brief account by Dr. Floyd Black, written in 1944, relates his experiences with ACG while teaching at Robert College, and during the first year of his presidency.

  • Series IX: Minutes

  • Series X: Photographs

  • Series XI: Microfilms

  • Additional I

Using the Collection

Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Restrictions on Access

This collection has no restrictions.

This collection is located on-site.

Terms Governing Use and Reproduction

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. The RBML maintains ownership of the physical material only. Copyright remains with the creator and his/her heirs. The responsibility to secure copyright permission rests with the patron.

Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); American College for Girls records; Box and Folder; Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.

Related Materials

See also: Robert College Records, George A. Plimpton papers, Virginia Crocheron Gildersleeve papers

The Bakhmeteff Archive has the following collections: Crane Family Papers and Committee for the Education of Russian Youth in Exile (CERYE) Records

Accrual

Additions are expected

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Source of acquisition--Robert College. Method of acquisition--Purchase; Date of acquisition--2006.

About the Finding Aid / Processing Information

Columbia University Libraries, Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Professor Michael A. Lutzker, Director of the Program in Archival Management and Historical Editing at New York University, and Catherine Thompson, a graduate of the Program.

Finding aid written by Professor Michael A. Lutzker and Catherine Thompson in 1988.

Collection is processed to folder level.

Revision Description

2008-11-07 File created.

2009/01/16 xml document instange created by Patrick Lawlor

2009-12-23 xml document instance edited by Patrick Lawlor

2009-05-19 xml document instance edited by Catherine N. Carson

2019-05-20 EAD was imported spring 2019 as part of the ArchivesSpace Phase II migration.

Subject Headings

The subject headings listed below are found in this collection. Links below allow searches at Columbia University through the Archival Collections Portal and through CLIO, the catalog for Columbia University Libraries, as well as ArchiveGRID, a catalog that allows users to search the holdings of multiple research libraries and archives.

All links open new windows.

Subject

Heading "CUL Archives:"
"Portal"
"CUL Collections:"
"CLIO"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
"ArchivedGRID"
American College for Girls (Istanbul, Turkey) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Education -- Turkey Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Patrick, Mary Mills, 1850-1940 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Robert College (Istanbul, Turkey) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Universities and colleges -- Turkey -- Istanbul -- History -- 19th century Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Universities and colleges -- Turkey -- Istanbul -- History -- 20th century Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Women -- Education -- Turkey Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Women -- Turkey Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Women missionaries -- Turkey Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID

History / Biographical Note

Historical Note

The American College for Girls was an outgrowth of an educational experiment called The Home School founded in 1871 in Istanbul by the Woman's Board of Missions and a group of women educators from Boston. Under the leadership of May Mills Patrick, and with the support of Sarah L. Bowker, Caroline Borden and other Boston women, the school was granted an act of incorporation as an educational institution in 1890 by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. The Home School had been gradually adding post-high school course work over the years and in June 1891 conferred Bachelor of Arts degrees on its first seven graduates. As in the case of Robert College, ACG enrolled the Christian minorities within the Ottoman Empire. The first Turkish women attended surreptitiously, but more openly and in increasing numbers following the Young Turk uprising of 1908.

The American College for Girls was an outgrowth of an educational experiment called The Home School founded in 1871 in Istanbul by the Woman's Board of Missions* and a group of women educators from Boston. Under the leadership of May Mills Patrick, and with the I support of Sarah L. Bowker, Caroline Borden and other Boston women, the school was granted an act of incorporation as an educational institution in 1890 by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. The Home School had been gradually adding post-high school course work over the years and in June 1891 conferred Bachelor of Arts degrees on its first seven graduates. As in the case of Robert College, ACG enrolled the Christian minorities within the Ottoman Empire. The first Turkish women attended surreptitiously, but more openly and in increasing numbers following the Young Turk uprising of 1908.

The process of recruiting faculty members was a difficult one and some instructors pursued graduate work while they taught. In December 1905 a disastrous fire destroyed Barton Hall, the main instructional building, but fortunately no lives were lost. In the next few years Dr. Patrick increased her efforts to expand the college's facilities and by 1914 property had been purchased at Arnavutköy and four new buildings constructed. A fifth, Bingham Hall, was added in 1924. In the meantime the college had secured a second charter from the Massachusetts legislature in 1908 allowing it to develop independently from the restrictions of the Woman's Board of Missions.

The dedication of the new campus was followed in the same year by the outbreak of World War I. Remarkably, the college survived the privations of wartime Istanbul and the Turkish government permitted it to function even after the U.S. declared war on Turkey's allies, the Central Powers. Although some students represented nationalities at war with each other they continued to pursue their education side by side during the four years of the conflict.

One of Dr. Patrick's strongest convictions was that medical education be available to women. In 1920 a medical department was opened at ACG together with the founding of The American Hospital (subsequently known as the Admiral Bristol Hospital). By 1924, however, the trustees of the college concluded that they could not continue to fund the medical department. Shortly afterward the Turkish government decided to limit such professional training to its own educational institutions.

In 1924 Dr. Patrick retired and was succeeded by Kathryn Newell Adams, who had headed the English Department since 1920. She served until 1931.

Prior to the appointment of Paul Monroe in 1932 as the president of both Robert College and the American College for Girls, the two institutions had begun sharing instructors for certain elective classes. The stringencies imposed by the depression led to further consolidation.

When ill health compelled the retirement of Dr. Monroe in 1935, he was succeeded as head of the two institutions by Dr. Walter Livingston Wright, Jr., an Ottoman scholar whose extensive knowledge of the Near East served the colleges well during an era of profound change in Turkey. President Wright faced the continuous task of maintaining academic standards in the face of financial stringency. The curriculum underwent revision as the college strove to adapt to the needs of a nation undergoing modernization.

As Europe's crises of the late 1930s brought war in 1939, it became increasingly difficult to attract qualified teachers. Moreover, when the U.S. became involved in 1941, President Wright was called to Washington to serve as an advisor on Near Eastern affairs. Dean Harold L. Scott, who had served Robert College in several capacities since 1911, guided the institutions through most of the war years acting as president. In 1944 Floyd Henson Black was appointed president of the college. His first teaching position had been as a tutor at Robert College in 1911. In 1914 he had returned to the United States and after completing his doctorate at Harvard he it returned in 1919 to teach Latin. In 1926 he was appointed president of the American College in Sofia where he served for the next eighteen years. By 1944, however, the war forced the closing of the college in Sofia and Floyd Black returned, this time to a combined Robert College and American College for Girls, to lead it into the postwar years. By the war's end the college was highly respected in Turkey and there was no difficulty attracting students. The problems centered on a shortage of faculty and the college's aging physical facilities. Financial constraints and an overburdened faculty threatened an erosion of academic standards, even while extracurricular activities, drama, and athletics flourished. The college found itself at a crossroads and with the impending retirement of Dr. Black in 1955, the faculty sought to re-evaluate the academic needs of the institution while the trustees undertook to seek new sources of funding.

In 1955 Dr. Duncan Ballantine, President of Reed College, was appointed by a joint presidential search committee composed of RC and ACG trustees. His mandate was to revitalize the academic programs at the college. After a year-long study sweeping changes were made. The orta, which trained eleven to fourteen-year-old youngsters, was phased out. The four-year lise was made comparable to the three-year Turkish lise and designated Robert Academy. The collegiate division was granted permission by the Turkish Government to award Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Science degrees as well as Masters degrees in both fields. The college program was reorganized into three departments, the Engineering School, the School of Business Administration, and the School of Science and Foreign Languages. All three departments were to be coeducational.

Timeline:

1863 - Robert College founded by Hamlin and Robert.

1871 - American College for Girls (originally known as The Home School) founded in Gedikpaşa.

1874 - American College for Girls moved to Üsküdar.

1912 - Engineering school opened at Robert College (with first civil engineering program in Turkey).

1914 - American College for Girls moved to Arnavutköy campus.

1932 - Administration of RC and ACG united under leadership of a single president.

1958 - Three new schools added to the degree-granting Yüksek (Higher Education) Division of Robert College. Boards of Trustees and endowment funds of both Colleges merged under the name of the Trustees of Robert College of Istanbul.

1971 - Robert College Yüksek transferred to the Turkish Government and now carries on the Robert academic tradition as Boğaziçi University. Robert Academy and ACG combined physically on the Arnavutköy campus as a co- educational six-year preparatory school.

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Series 1: Records of the Trustees


Subseries I.1: Woman's Board of Missions

The bulk of the ACG records are those of the trustees. These include the work of their most important committees. The early records beginning in 1890 reflect the sponsorship of the college by the Woman's Board of Missions. Mary Mills Patrick, president, Florence Fensham, dean, and others provide accounts to the board of the work of the college. In the main, these reflect the day-to-day decisions necessary to develop a fledgling institution under less than ideal conditions. Important subjects covered in the early years are Patrick's efforts to secure property rights for a permanent campus, and an imperial Irade to formalize approval of the college by the Sultan. Issuance was announced in April 1895.

As early as 1893, ACG's advisory board raised the issue of separating the college from the Woman's Board of Missions so that it would stand on its own. Those who favored this believed that the college would then have broader appeal when it asked for contributions from denominations other than the Congregationalist-sponsored Woman's Board of Missions.

In addition to the ever-present matters of finances and supplies, a recurrent subject is the recruitment of faculty. Given the distance and slow means of communication between the United States and Turkey, there was necessarily much discussion of the qualifications of prospective teachers and the terms of their contracts.



Box 1 Bound Volume: General correspondence to President Mary Mills Patrick and Dean Florence Fensham from secretaries E. Harriet Stanwood and Abbie Child,, 1900-1905


Box 1 Bound Volume: General correspondence written by Sarah L. Day, treasurer, and Stanwood, secretary., 1905-1908



Box 2 Folder 1 Correspondence Fensham/Child, 1890


Box 2 Folder 2 General correspondence to Child, Ellen Carruth, and J. Augusta Smith (Mrs. Judson), 1890-1892


Box 2 Folder 3 Resignation of Caroline Borden as Secretary of the Corporation,, 1893


Box 2 Folder 4-5 General correspondence to Child, 1894-1895


Box 2 Folder 6 Correspondence to Child and Smith from Patrick and others, 1893;1895


Box 2 Folder 7 Reports to Child and Stanwood from Patrick, 1896


Box 2 Folder 8 General correspondence to Stanwood, 1896


Box 2 Folder 9 Correspondence to Child, Smith from Patrick and others, 1897


Box 2 Folder 10-11 Reports to Child from Patrick, 1898-1900


Box 2 Folder 12 General correspondence to Child, Stanwood and Smith, 1899-1900


Box 2 Folder 13 General correspondence to trustees (most relates to separation of ACG from the Board of Missions and establishment of a medical department),, 1901


Box 2 Folder 14 General correspondence to Child and Stanwood from Patrick and others,, 1902


Box 2 Folder 15 Reports to Stanwood and Smith from Patrick and Fensham, 1903


Box 2 Folder 16 General correspondence to trustees re Fensham's resignation, 1904


Box 2 Folder 17 Reports to Stanwood from Patrick (also includes letter from Robert Thomson to Stanwood re religious status of ACG),, 1904


Box 2 Folder 18 General correspondence to Stanwood (includes resignation 1905 from Day), 1905


Box 2 Folder 19 Reports to Stanwood from Patrick, 1905


Box 2 Folder 19a General correspondence, Woman's Board of Missions, 1906


Box 2 Folder 20 Reports to Stanwood from Patrick, 1906


Box 2 Folder 21 General correspondence to Stanwood, 1906


Box 2 Folder 22 Reports to Stanwood from Patrick (much of the correspondence relates to possible purchase of the Arnavutköy property. Also see land series.),, 1906


Box 2 Folder 23 Correspondence to Stanwood from Roxana Vivian, acting president,, 1907


Subseries I.2: Report and Minutes

Minutes and reports of ACG's Board of Trustees* and its various committees, such as Finance, Nominations, Instruction, and Buildings and Grounds. There are in addition president's and treasurer's reports.



Box 3 Folder 1 Miscellaneous organizational notes re trustees and faculty, 1900s


Box 3 Folder 2 Minutes of the first meeting of the Advisory Committee in New York,, 1904-1906


Box 3 Folder 3 List of original trustees, 1907


Box 3 Folder 4 Secretary's report on the organization of trustees, 1908


Box 3 Folder 5 First Annual Report of the secretary of the trustees, 1909


Box 3 Folder 6 Tribute to the memory of Professor Borden P. Bowne, president of the board,, 1910


Box 3 Folder 7 Acknowledgement of John D. Rockefeller's gift, 1912


Box 3 Folder 8 Minutes of trustees' meetings [A complete set of trustees minutes is in the Vital Documents Series],, 1912


Box 3 Folder 9-12 Minutes of trustees' meetings, 1915-1920


Box 3 Folder 13 Reports and minutes of trustees' meetings kept by Walter B. Walker (bound volume),, 1910-1922


Box 3 Folder 13A Minutes of Committee Meetings, Special Meetings and Trustee Meetings,, 1910-1929


Box 3 Folder 14 "Information in Regard to ACG…Including Trustees, 1916-. Property, Attendance, Curriculum, Faculty and its Training, the Financing of the College, and Future Plans",, 1916-1917


Box 3 Folder 15-16 Correspondence, reports, minutes, 1910-1919

Folder 16 has correspondence from 1919 and 1924


Box 3 Folder 17 Committee meetings, minutes, miscellaneous, 1919


Box 3 Folder 18 Miscellaneous (includes unidentified letters) 1915, 1919, 1915, 1919


Subseries I.3: General Correspondence

The general correspondence files contain many letters from Mary Mills Patrick that are richly detailed, not only for their description of college activities, but also for the information they convey about Istanbul in the early 20th century.



Box 4 Folder 1 Reports to Samuel Darling from Patrick, 1908-1909


Box 4 Folder 2 Reports to Darling from Vivian, 1908-1909


Box 4 Folder 3 Reports to Darling from Patrick and general correspondence, 1910


Box 4 Folder 4 Reports to Darling from Patrick and Eleanor Burns, 1911


Box 4 Folder 5-7 Reports to Darling from Patrick, 1912-1914


Box 4 Folder 8 General correspondence to Darling, 1915


Box 4 Folder 9 Correspondence to Charles Crane from Patrick, 1915


Box 4 Folder 10 Correspondence to Darling from Patrick, 1920


Box 4 Folder 11 General correspondence to Darling, 1920


Box 4 Folder 12 Correspondence to Crane from Patrick, 1921-1924


Box 4 Folder 13 Correspondence to Crane from Kathryn Adams, 1923-1925


Box 4 Folder 14 Correspondence to Grace Dodge from Patrick; includes 1912-1913 letters re medical department and increasing tuition, 1912-1913, 1912-1913, 1912-1913


Box 4 Folder 15 Correspondence to Dodge from Patrick, 1914


Box 4 Folder 16 Grace Dodge; obituary and correspondence re memorial service, 1915


Box 4 Folder 17 General correspondence to Dodge, 1914-1915


Box 4 Folder 18 Correspondence to William Adams Brown, chairman of Search 1915 Committee. Contains description of Adams's qualifications to succeed Patrick, 1915, 1915, 1915


Box 4 Folder 19 Clippings on Bowne, 1906


Box 4 Folder 20 Copy of Henry Morgenthau's letter to Olivia Slocum Sage (Mrs. Russell), 1914


Box 4 Folder 21 General correspondence to trustees, 1915-1923


Box 4 Folder 22 Report to trustees on trip to Turkey and visit to ACG by Albert B. Hart, [undated]


Box 4 Folder 23 Report by Hart on visit to ACG [made between 1900 and 1914], [undated], 1900


Box 4 Folder 24 Reports on visits to various colleges in the Near East [Staub?],, 1920s


Box 4 Folder 25 Report on visit to Turkey by Philip Brown titled, "American Educational Institutions in Turkey",, 1933


Box 4 Folder 26 "Laws for Private Schools," document issued by the Turkish Government,, 1922


Subseries I.4: Papers of Caroline Borden

Caroline Borden was one of the most active of the trustees and her papers fill four boxes documenting her activities on behalf of the college. Her warm friendship with Mary Mills Patrick is reflected in their correspondence, and Patrick writes in considerable detail about life at the college with a sprinkling of comments on the political climate in Istanbul. Many administrative issues are discussed, principally the proposed moving of the campus from Uskudar to Arnavutköy.

Borden's own letters demonstrate her active role in the campaign to secure an act of incorporation for ACG from the Massachusetts legislature. In later years she worked to raise funds for the new campus and was supportive of the college in a variety of ways. Caroline Borden was also interested in preserving the history of ACG. Her papers contain notes and chronologies for her manuscript history of the college which is a separately bound volume in the archives.



Box 5 Folder 1-9 Correspondence to Borden from Patrick, 1890-1906


Box 5 Folder 10 Correspondence to Borden from Patrick and Vivian, 1907-1910


Box 5 Folder 11-12 Correspondence to Borden from Patrick, 1908-1910


Box 5 Folder 13-18 Correspondence to Borden from Patrick, 1911-1912



Box 6 Folder 19-24 Correspondence to Borden from Patrick, 1913-1920


Box 6 Folder 25-31 General correspondence to Borden, 1890-1907


Box 6 Folder 32 General correspondence to Borden (includes letters from Vivian),, 1908


Box 6 Folder 33-38 General correspondence to Borden, 1909-1921



Box 7 Folder 39-43 Correspondence to Borden from Susan Olmstead, 1895-1921


Box 7 Folder 44-50 Correspondence to Borden from Ida Prime, 1902-1921


Box 7 Folder 51-52 Correspondence to Borden from William Peet, 1898-1920


Box 7 Folder 53 Correspondence to Borden from Morgenthau, 1914-1916


Box 7 Folder 54-57 Copies of correspondence; general, 1905-1914


Box 7 Folder 57a Correspondence to Borden from Dodge, 1908-1915



Box 8 Folder 58-60 Copies of correspondence; general, 1915-1921


Box 8 Folder 61 Copies of general correspondence to Patrick (from Peet, Ramsay, Borden and others),, 1908-1921


Box 8 Folder 62 Copies of general correspondence to George Plimpton (from Borden, Root, Patrick, Wallace and others),, 1908-1921


Box 8 Folder 63 Copies of Borden's correspondence to Samuel Dutton and Talcott Williams,, 1901-1921


Box 8 Folder 64 Copies of Borden's correspondence to Walter Walker, 1914-1921


Box 8 Folder 65 Copies of Borden's correspondence to Edward Haskell, 1920


Box 8 Folder 66 Borden's summary notes of important events; many notes taken from the record book of Darling, secretary,, 1908-1913


Box 8 Folder 67 Extracts from letters re buildings on campus, 1908


Box 8 Folder 68 Borden's notes for history of ACG, 1889-1920


Box 8 Folder 69 Borden's notes; chronological history, 1907-1917


Box 8 Folder 70 Background information; origin and sketch of ACG prepared by Borden,, 1875-1908


Box 8 Folder 71 Paper by Borden on negotiations for Arnavutköy property. Also, copy of letter from Sir Edwin Pears to U.S. Minister Oscar Straus,, 1908


Box 8 Folder 72 Copies of letters re acquisition of Arnavutköy property, 1908-1910



Box 8a Scrapbook containing clippings, invitations, letters (Appears to belong to Caroline Borden), 1880s-ca.1907 Fragile (Just one item in this box), 1880s-ca.1907


Subseries I.5: Records Relating to Land Acquisition

The acquisition of property for a foreign school was an intricate and difficult process under the Ottoman Empire. In December 1905 a fire completely destroyed Barton Hall. The disaster set in motion an effort to establish a new and larger campus. The process involved attempts to enlist the aid of the U.S. Government, which included a meeting between President Theodore Roosevelt and an American delegation from ACG. Ultimately the Arnavutköy property was purchased and later the Deli Bedros property. The central figure in these efforts was William W. Peet, a trustee of ACG (Boxes 9-10).



Box 9 Folder 1 Notes and outline of events on property acquisition, "Constantinople Controversy",, 1907-1908


Box 9 Folder 2-5 Peet's correspondence re land acquisition, 1907-1908


Box 9 Folder 6-7 Peet's statements (in the form of a detailed account) of the purchase of Arnavutköy property,, 1907-1908


Box 9 Folder 8 Peet's correspondence, 1912


Box 9 Folder 9 "American College for Girls at Constantinople The Story of the Purchase of the Property at Arnautkeuy for the College Site," by Peet (bound ms.),, 1912


Box 9 Folder 10 Correspondence between trustees and Mrs. Alexandrian re purchase of her property,, 1902-1903


Box 9 Folder 11 American College Land Fund in account with Peet, 1904-1910


Box 9 Folder 12-13 Correspondence and memos pertaining to acquisition of land at Arnavutköy,, 1905-1906



Box 10 Folder 14 Correspondence to Borden and trustees from Patrick re acquisition of land at Arnavutköy,, 1907


Box 10 Folder 15 Materials pertaining to acquisition of Arnavutköy property (includes chronology prepared by Borden),, 1907


Box 10 Folder 16 Action of Executive Committee on transfer of Uskudar property. Correspondence to Woman's Mission Board,, 1908-1909


Box 10 Folder 17 Copies of correspondence pertaining to acquisition of Arnavutköy property (includes Patrick's memorial sent to Roosevelt prior to conference),, 1908


Box 10 Folder 18 General correspondence pertaining to land acquisition (includes an account of meeting between Roosevelt and American delegation),, 1908


Box 10 Folder 19-20 Correspondence re negotiations between U.S. and Turkey for purchase of Arnavutköyproperty,, 1908-1912


Box 10 Folder 21 Correspondence to Patrick and Dutton from Peet re Greek claim to Arnavutköy property,, 1912-1914


Box 10 Folder 22 Alexandrian file: correspondence re claim on college property,, 1922-1925


Box 10 Folder 23-24 Correspondence re Musurus Property, Arnavutkoy, 1917-1946


Box 10 Folder 25 Correspondence re property tax and war damage claims, 1913-1938


Box 10 Folder 26 Correspondence and memos re "Tract A" property, Arnavutkoy, 1922-1933


Box 10 Folder 27 Correspondence re property (Arnavutkoy) connected with college,, 1920-1930


Subseries I.6: The Committee on Instruction, 1905-1924

In the absence of extensive faculty records, the trustees' Committee on Instruction has useful material including various proposals to expand the curriculum by adding an education department, a medical department, and an agricultural program. There is considerable correspondence concerning the hiring of teachers, courses offered, and the scholarly propensities of the faculty.

Samuel Train Dutton of Columbia University served as chairman from 1903-1919. After his death, his successor was Talcott Williams, also of Columbia. Both men carried on an extensive correspondence with Mary Patrick and each played a significant role in the other activities of the Board of Trustees.



Box 11 Folder 1-16 Correspondence Patrick/Dutton, 1903-1919


Box 11 Folder 17-18 Correspondence to Dutton from Borden and Hart Borden, 1910-1912



Box 12 Folder 19-22 General correspondence to Dutton from Borden, 1914-1917


Box 12 Folder 23-24 General correspondence to Dutton, 1911-1919


Box 12 Folder 25-27 General correspondence to Williams, 1917-1922


Box 12 Folder 28-30 Correspondence to Williams from Patrick, 1912-1924


Box 12 Folder 31-34 Correspondence to Williams from Olmstead, 1919-1924


Box 12 Folder 35 Reports prepared by Williams, 1917-1923


Box 12 Folder 36 Report to Williams (includes alumnae list), 1922


Subseries I.7: The Committee on Finance, 1907-1933

The Committee on Finance was under the direction of George Plimpton from 1907-1932. In addition to the usual financial records there is correspondence that details the difficulties involved in keeping the college open during World War I. Patrick pays tribute to the efforts of U.S. Ambassador Henry Morgenthau in helping the College cope with wartime pressures. Also included here is Patrick's postwar article entitled "Fourteen reasons for an American Mandatory over Turkey."



Box 13 Folder 1 Correspondence to George Plimpton, chairman of the Committee on Finance from Patrick,, 1907-1912


Box 13 Folder 2 Copies of Plimpton's correspondence to Patrick and Borden, 1909-1912


Box 13 Folder 3-7 Correspondence to Plimpton from Patrick, 1913


Box 13 Folder 8 Copies of Plimpton's correspondence to Patrick, 1914-1919


Box 13 Folder 9 Correspondence to Plimpton from Patrick, 1920


Box 13 Folder 10 Copies of Plimpton's correspondence to Patrick, 1920


Box 13 Folder 11-12 Correspondence to Plimpton from Patrick, 1921-1922


Box 13 Folder 13 Copies of Plimpton's correspondence to Patrick, 1921


Box 13 Folder 14 Correspondence to Plimpton from Patrick, 1923


Box 13 Folder 15 Copies of Plimpton's correspondence to Patrick, 1923


Box 13 Folder 16-17 Correspondence to Plimpton from Patrick, 192-1933


Box 13 Folder 18 Copies of Plimpton's correspondence to Patrick, 1930-1933


Box 13 Folder 19-22 General correspondence to Plimpton, 1905-1914


Box 13 Folder 23-24 Copies of Plimpton's correspondence, 1907-1914



Box 14 Folder 25 General correspondence to Plimpton, 1915


Box 14 Folder 26 Copies of Plimpton's correspondence, 1915


Box 14 Folder 27 General correspondence to Plimpton, 1916


Box 14 Folder 28 Copies of Plimpton's correspondence, 1916


Box 14 Folder 29-33 General correspondence to Plimpton, 1917-1919


Box 14 Folder 34 Copies of Plimpton's correspondence, 1919


Box 14 Folder 35 General correspondence to Plimpton, 1920


Box 14 Folder 36 Copies of Plimpton's correspondence, 1920


Box 14 Folder 37 General correspondence to Plimpton, 1921


Box 14 Folder 38 Copies of Plimpton's correspondence, 1921


Box 14 Folder 39 General correspondence to Plimpton, 1922


Box 14 Folder 40 General correspondence to Plimpton, 1923


Box 14 Folder 41 Copies of Plimpton's correspondence, 1923-1924


Box 14 Folder 42 General correspondence to Plimpton, 1924-1925


Box 14 Folder 43 Correspondence Plimpton/Adams, 1924-1930


Box 14 Folder 44 General correspondence to Plimpton, 1927


Box 14 Folder 45 General correspondence to Plimpton, 1930


Box 14 Folder 46 Copies of Plimpton's correspondence, 1930


Box 14 Folder 47 General correspondence to Plimpton, 1932


Box 14 Folder 48 Copies of Plimpton's correspondence, 1932


Box 14 Folder 49 Correspondence Plimpton/Staub, 1932


Subseries I.8: The Building Committee, 1908-1921

Designs and layouts for buildings at the Arnavutköy campus can be found in these records. The chairmen of this committee, Albert Wiley and later Walter B. Walker, each made occasional visits to Istanbul allowing them to view the results of their committee's labors. There is an address by Walker at the dedication of Gould Hall.



Box 15 Folder 1 Summary Report, "Action of the Trustees in the Matter of Layout and Buildings",, 1908-1910


Box 15 Folder 2 Correspondence to Charles Rutan from Patrick, 1908-1909


Box 15 Folder 3-4 General correspondence to Albert Wiley, chairman, Building Committee,, 1911-1914


Box 15 Folder 5-15 General correspondence Walker, 1914-1920



Box 16 Folder 16-20 General correspondence Walker, 1920-1921


Box 16 Folder 20a Correspondence to Walker re Otis Elevator, 1921


Box 16 Folder 21 Address by Walker "On the Occasion of the Dedication of the Administration Building" (Gould Hall), [no date]


Box 16 Folder 22 Miscellaneous correspondence re Building Committee, 1909-1912


Box 16 Folder 23 Building Committee Record Book (Bound volume with minutes and reports),, 1914-1921



Box 16a Folder 24 Reports and minutes of Building Committee's meetings (bound volume),, 1910-1913


Box 16a Folder 25 Building Committee reports, 1913-1916


Box 16a Folder 26 Building Committee; miscellaneous correspondence (includes estimates of building costs),, 1910-1914


Subseries I.9: The Committee on Medical Education

The attempt to establish a medical school forms a particularly interesting chapter in the pioneering efforts of ACG. The suffering produced by World War I highlighted the need for modern medical facilities and under Mary Patrick's leadership, funds were raised to build and equip a medical school for women in 1923. But the cost of operating the facility combined with the new government regulations reserving professional education to Turkish institutions compelled the closing of the medical school in 1924. The records of the Committee on Medical Education reflect the dream and the initial implementation of that vision. The chairman of the committee was Edward Haskell who served from 1919-1924.


Box 16a Folder 27 Committee on Medical Education; minutes of Medical Committee, 1818-1922


Box 16a Folder 28 Estimated budget, Bingham Medical Building, 1922-1923


Box 16a Folder 29-30 Miscellaneous correspondence re expenses, 1922-1923


Box 16a Folder 31 Reports issued by the Medical Committee, 1919-1924


Box 16a Folder 32 Report of the Medical Department for the second semester, 19231-1924


Box 16a Folder 33 Medical Department; general, includes student transcripts, 1920-1923


Box 16a Folder 34 Committee on Medical Education; includes publications re American Hospital,, 1920


Box 16a Folder 35-37 Committee on Medical Education; includes correspondence re the American Hospital, reports of the American School for Nurses, and summary data for in-patient and out-patient departments,, 1920-1922



Box 17 Folder 38-42 Correspondence Haskell/Olmstead, 1919-1922


Box 17 Folder 43-46 Correspondence Haskell/Olmstead, 1923-1924


Box 17 Folder 47-50 General correspondence to Haskell, 1919-1922



Box 18 Folder 51-54 Correspondence between Olmstead and Lester Briggle, assistant treasurer,, 1923-1924


Box 18 Folder 55 Correspondence to Haskell from Alden R. Hoover, 1919-1923


Box 18 Folder 56-59 General correspondence to Haskell, 1922-1923


Box 18 Folder 60 American Red Cross; copies of Livingston Ferrand's correspondence; chairman, Central Committee,, 1920


Box 18 Folder 61 Correspondence to Haskell from Harold Keyes, secretary, Committee on Medical Education,, 1919-1923


Box 18 Folder 62 General correspondence to Keyes, 1920-1923


Box 18 Folder 63 Copies of Haskell's correspondence to Hoover, 1920-1921


Box 18 Folder 64 Copies of Hoover's correspondence, 1920-1921


Box 18 Folder 65 Correspondence to Haskell from William Bingham, 1920-1923


Box 18 Folder 66 Copies of Haskell's correspondence to Bingham, 1919-1923


Box 18 Folder 67 General correspondence to Bingham, 1920-1923


Box 18 Folder 68 Copies of Haskell's general correspondence, 1919-1923


Box 18 Folder 69-70 Copies of Haskell's correspondence to Patrick, 1919-1923


Subseries I.10: General

Jane Page: correspondence regarding the merger proposal of ACG and RC


Box 18 Folder 71 Jane Page: correspondence re merger proposal of ACG and RC Boards of Trustees and endowment funds,, 1956-1958

Series II: Records of the President


Subseries II.1: Annual Reports

The Annual Reports provide a valuable summary of the growth and evolution of ACG. After 1889-90 they generally appear in printed form. The format varies but many contain such information as a list of faculty, a summary of the academic year, reports from the departments, names and residences of the students, and a list of gifts to the college including names of donors.

For some years there is a separate printed "calendar" or catalog which includes admissions requirements, course listings, and information about the career and location of graduates.

The quality and breadth of the reports improve with the years; the later ones contain fuller information as well as appended lists and addenda. Some make mention of local or national affairs. The reports of 1894-95 and 1896-97 provide information about political unrest; the report of 1910-11 stresses the threat of a cholera epidemic. During the years of the Balkan Wars (1912-14) and World War I, President Patrick discusses the mood and conditions in Istanbul as well as the difficulties faced by the college. During the 1920s, the reports chronicle a period of growth for the college.

From 1932 on, there was one president for both Robert College and ACG and thus one report was prepared covering both institutions. Generally, each includes a dean's report that speaks more specifically about ACG's faculty and curriculum. There is also information about the activities of the students. In the absence of extensive faculty records, appended committee and departmental reports are particularly useful.



Box 19 Folder 1-12 Annual Report of the President, 1889-1812



Box 20 Folder 13-18 Annual Reports of the President, 1912-1921 (refer to 1918-1919 Annual Report for events from 1917), 1912-1921, 1918-1919



Box 21 Folder 18-27a Annual Report of the President, 1921-1934


Box 21 Folder 23 Report of the Dean, 1927-1928



Box 22 Folder 28-36 Annual Reports of the President, 1935-1947


Box 22 Folder 37-37a Joint Reports submitted to the Trustees, 1947-1949


Box 22 Folder 38 Condensed Annual Report, 1949-1950


Box 22 Folder 39 Annual Report of Dr. Elizabeth B. Stanton, American vice president and dean of the faculty,, 1950-1951


Box 22 Folder 40-42 Annual Report of the President, 1951-1955


Box 22 Folder 43 Summary Report for ACG (Duncan Ballantine), 1956


Box 22 Folder 44 Report, "A Comparison of ACG with American and Turkish Schools," (Ballantine), 1958 (For annual reports from 1959 to 1963 see Robert College Series 3, Box 28), 1958, 1959, 1963


Subseries II.2: Correspondence

Mary Mills Patrick's files contain only a small proportion of her voluminous correspondence. There are only a few copies of her own letters in this series. Fortunately, however, many originals may be found in the trustees series, and the administrative files of the New York Office. The presidential files consist largely of incoming letters from many colleagues and friends. These concern college affairs primarily, but other events as well. Some were sent to Dr. Patrick on her trips to Europe and the United States, and contain news about Turkey. For example, Roxana Vivian, acting president writes about her visit to parliament during the civil unrest in April 1909 (Box 23, Folder 7). There are letters (frequently copies) from Henry Morgenthau, Oscar S. Straus, Talcott Williams, and Albert Bushnell Hart. There are also a few letters from former students, and a folder of correspondence (copies) with the writers unidentified.

Dr. Patrick's concerted efforts to establish a medical school are well documented in these files. Finally, there is an address by Dr. Elsa P. Kimball at the memorial service for Dr. Patrick held in Canterbury, New Hampshire, June 30,1940.

Note: There is an additional box of Mary Patrick's correspondence located at the Hoover Institution, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California. Materials deal with the period of World War I.



Box 23 Folder 1 General correspondence to Patrick, 1895, 1898, 1895, 1898


Box 23 Folder 2 Correspondence Patrick/Robert Thomson re religious status of college (See reports to trustees/Stanwood, Box 1, for additional correspondence on this issue),, 1904


Box 23 Folder 2a Paper read by Patrick at memorial service for Clara Hamlin Lee,, 1902


Box 23 Folder 3 General correspondence to trustees from Patrick, 1903-1924


Box 23 Folder 4 Correspondence to Patrick from Peet, 1917, 1922, 1917, 1922


Box 23 Folder 5 Correspondence to Patrick from the field secretary, 1919


Box 23 Folder 6 Correspondence to Patrick from Borden, 1915


Box 23 Folder 7-9 General correspondence to Patrick, 1904-1929


Box 23 Folder 10 Correspondence to Patrick (unidentified), 1905-1923


Box 23 Folder 11 Patrick address: "The Significance of the Conference of the World's Student Christian Federation",, 1911


Box 23 Folder 12 Correspondence to Patrick re shipment of possessions at time of her retirement,, 1924


Box 23 Folder 13-17 Correspondence Patrick/Staub, 1922-1935


Box 23 Folder 18 Correspondence to the Medical Education Committee from Patrick,, 1919-1924


Box 23 Folder 19 Address given at Memorial Service for Patrick, 1940


Box 23 Folder 20 Correspondence to Adams, 1924-1932

Series III: Records of the Dean

There are seven folders of dean's records. Three cover the period of Louise B. Wallace's deanship, mainly the period 1914-1919. Subjects relate primarily to the difficulties involved in bringing over new faculty in the light of wartime conditions.

Eleanor Burns became dean in 1924 and in 1932 received the added responsibilities of American vice president when the two colleges were merged. She served until her retirement in 1950. Earlier she held positions as registrar and professor of physics. Much of her correspondence can be found in the records of the New York Office. In the Dean's files there is an account of a memorial assembly held at the college following her death in 1952.


Box 23 Folder 21-23 Correspondence to Louise B. Wallace, 1914-1919


Box 23 Folder 24 Correspondence to Wright from Burns, 1937, 1943, 1937, 1943


Box 23 Folder 25 Copies of Burns's general correspondence, 1920-1947


Box 23 Folder 26 General correspondence to Burns, 1916-1926


Box 23 Folder 27 Memorial Assembly for Burns, 1952

Series IV: Records of the Secretary and Bursar

These records deal with administrative and financial matters, but many transactions between the college campus and the New York Office were directly affected by policies of the Turkish Government. Finances were complicated by the fact that tuition rates had to be adjusted to fluctuations of the Turkish lira. Faculty salaries were affected by conditions during World War I, particularly when the Turkish Government imposed a personal tax on college personnel in April 1915.

Mary Patrick's letters to Susan Olmstead, secretary and bursar, while largely administrative, are sprinkled with comments about life at the college as well as about events in Turkey. Patrick's fundraising trips to the United States also involve correspondence with the New York Office. She continued to be active in raising funds after her retirement in 1924 and thus continued to correspond through 1926. The records contain information on teachers' salaries, currency rates, scholarship awards, and travel arrangements.

Kathryn Adams, Patrick's successor, writes about the effect of Ataturk's reforms. For example, the college was asked not to distinguish any longer among the nationalities of the Republic when identifying students, unless their legal residence was outside Turkey. The Government also required that the teaching of the Greek and Armenian languages be dropped.

Adams also kept Olmstead informed as to how new faculty members adjusted to life at ACG, along with writing about the difficulties involved in filling the places of longtime members of the faculty who retired. Olmstead in turn reported to Adams regarding decisions by the trustees and the state of financial support.



Box 24 Folder 1 Correspondence to Olmstead from Patrick, 1912


Box 24 Folder 2-15 Correspondence Olmstead/Patrick, 1915-1924



Box 25 Folder 16-17 Correspondence Olmstead/Patrick, 1925-1926


Box 25 Folder 18-32 Correspondence Olmstead/Burns, 1916-1930


Box 25 Folder 33-34 Correspondence Olmstead/Adams, 1924



Box 26 Folder 35-45 Correspondence Olmstead/Adams, 1926-1927


Box 26 Folder 46-47 Correspondence Olmstead/Marion Talbot, acting president, 1927-1928


Box 26 Folder 48-55 Correspondence Olmstead/Adams, 1928-1930



Box 27 Folder 56 Correspondence from Olmstead to Walker re fundraising trip to the United States,, 1913


Box 27 Folder 57-60 General correspondence to Olmstead, 1914-1924


Box 27 Folder 61 Olmstead; general, 1925


Box 27 Folder 62 Correspondence to Olmstead from Briggle, 1922


Box 27 Folder 63-64 Copies of Olmstead's correspondence to Williams, chairman, Instruction Committee,, 1919- 1920


Box 27 Folder 65-66 Correspondence between Olmstead and William S. Murray, 1919-1925


Box 27 Folder 67 Copies of Olmstead's correspondence to Elizabeth Ingersoll, field secretary,, 1919


Box 27 Folder 68-69 Correspondence Olmstead/Professor Isabel Dodd, 1919-1926


Box 27 Folder 70-78 Correspondence Olmstead/Wallace, 1914-1929

Series V: Records of the Office of the Faculty

The faculty records are fragmentary. There were meetings of the faculty and committees of the faculty, but apparently very few documents remain. There is a report of a 1909 faculty meeting and a folder of memos addressed to the "Educational Committee" regarding candidates for faculty appointment (1919-20). In addition, there is a proposal for a Home Economics Department (1920), a faculty handbook (1927) and some correspondence between individual faculty members and the New York Office. Finally, this series contains a mimeographed faculty, staff and community directory, dated 1961-1962.


Faculty



Box 28 Folder 1 Resolution re Ida W. Prime, 1919


Box 28 Folder 2 Correspondence re officers of administration and instruction, 1908-1909


Box 28 Folder 3 Summary report of a faculty committee meeting, 1909


Box 28 Folder 4 General; faculty applications4


Box 28 Folder 5 Proposed plan for a Home Economics Department


Box 28 Folder 6 Pamphlet titled "Information, Regulations and Suggestions for Instructors in the Constantinople Woman's College",, 1927


Box 28 Folder 7 Correspondence Hall (chemistry teacher)/Olmstead, 1916-1924


Box 28 Folder 8 Claim of Paul M. Flory in legal suit against the college, 1939


Box 28 Folder 9 Faculty, staff and community directory, 1961-1962


Records of the Students


Box 28 Folder 10 Diary written by Penka Racheva (one of the first Bulgarians to study in the Horne School),, 1882-1883


Box 28 Folder 11 One-page description of the Student Government Association at ACG,, 1905


Box 28 Folder 12 Booklet written by students titled "Echoes of the New Ottoman Constitution", [1908]


Box 28 Folder 13 Booklet titled "History of the Constantinople 1930 College Self-Government" Records of the Alumnae,, 1930


Box 28 Folder 14 List of graduates with biographies, 1898-1899


Box 28 Folder 15 List of graduates who taught in mission schools, 1899


Box 28 Folder 16 List of graduates, [early 1900s]


Box 28 Folder 16a Alumnae Association report, 1913


Box 28 Folder 17 Associate Alumnae minutes, 1911-1916


Box 28 Folder 18 Constantinople College Association--meeting reports, 1916


Box 28 Folder 19 Constantinople College Association--notices of meeings, 1915-1917


Box 28 Folder 20 Material relating to Halide Edib, 1908-1946

Series VI: Records of the Office of the Trustees, New York

The New York Office of the Near East College Association served as the link between the college and its supporters in the United States. For many years, beginning in the 1920s, the office was headed by Albert Staub. These records are comprised of the two major sub-series: one the correspondence with ACG's President, Kathryn Adams, and the other, the correspondence with Dean Eleanor Burns.

ACG's inadequate endowment meant that fundraising continued to be a major concern for Adams and this is reflected in the records. The Near East College Association raised money but it was apportioned among several colleges.

In 1924, ACG organized a Social Service Center and Adams reports on the significance of its work. The assistance the center provided to village residents was important as outreach for the college as well as providing useful experience for those students interested in social work as a career.

In 1928, Adams reported that Mrs. Charles A. Lindbergh, mother of the famous pilot, had joined the faculty as a visiting Professor of Chemistry, while Alice Morrow, sister of Dwight Morrow, U.S. Ambassador to Mexico, agreed to act as hostess for visiting dignitaries. It was hoped and expected that Mrs. Lindbergh would afterward use her influence on behalf of the college. Unfortunately, she was not happy there and Adams later wrote that "a tremendous load has been taken from me," when Mrs. Lindbergh left (January 14, 1929). Miss Morrow, on the other hand, remained and was supportive of the college. Adams's letters are informative. She reports on activities of the alumnae and on the visits of dignitaries to Istanbul.

There is a folder of correspondence from Dr. Marion Talbot, who served as acting president of ACG during 1931 and 1932. Her letters discuss the difficulties the college was experiencing, due in part to the impact of the worldwide economic crisis. In addition, there are several folders of correspondence from Dr. Virginia Gildersleeve, dean of Barnard College, who served as a trustee of ACG for many years.

The correspondence of Burns reflects her responsibilities for recruitment of faculty as well as the procurement and awarding of scholarships. Moreover, she discusses in detail specific problems that arose between the college and the Turkish Minister of Education. Many of her letters refer to attached enclosures such as translations of articles from the Turkish press, but these are not filed with the correspondence and may have been lost.

There is an exchange of correspondence between Staub and Mary Patrick covering the years 1922-23, the last of Patrick's years as president. The next correspondence is dated 1933-1935, which includes the years of Patrick's retirement, but that is hardly an accurate description for she remained active in fundraising and continued a lively interest in the affairs of the college.


Box 28 Folder 1 Correspondence to Staub and Olmstead from Peet, 1926-1942


Box 28 Folder 2-4 Correspondence Staub/Laurence Moore/Burns, 1924-1926



Box 29 Folder 5-9 Correspondence Staub/Burns, 1927-1930


Box 29 Folder 10 Correspondence to Talbot from Staub, 1931


Box 29 Folder 11-17 Correspondence Staub/Burns, 1931-1932



Box 30 Folder 18-21 Correspondence Staub/Burns, 1933-1948.



Box 31 Folder 32-46 Correspondence Staub/Adams, 1924-1931


Box 31 Folder 47 Correspondence to Staub from Talbot, 1931-1932


Box 31 Folder 48-49 Correspondence Staub/Virginia Gildersleeve, 1926-1950



Box 32 Folder 50-52 Correspondence Hardy/Gildersleeve, 1951-1962

Series VII: Financial Records, 1899-1946

While this series essentially covers financial matters, it is in the form of correspondence that includes discussion of the reasons for property acquisition, new buildings, supplies, and other expenditures. It is therefore of interest apart from strictly monetary concerns.

There are a number of letters from Mary Mills Patrick and William W. Peet that discuss the 1905 fire at the Uskudar campus as well as the move from Uskudar to Arnavutköy. In one letter, dated July 31, 1911, Peet refers to a major event outside the campus. On the anniversary of the proclamation of the Turkish Constitution, July 22, two large fires broke out in Istanbul that destroyed no less than 10,000 houses and rendered 50,000-60,000 homeless. The suspicion exists, Peet reports, "that the fires are the work of incendiaries and that it is one form of reactionary protest against the present government." As a precaution, the college hired a night watchman.

Mary Patrick reports on developments at the college and also on her fundraising efforts in the United States. After her retirement in 1924, the correspondence in this series tends to deal more exclusively with financial matters. There are some useful summary documents; e.g., the construction costs of each building on the Arnavutkoy campus as of its completion in 1915 (Lucius E. Thayer correspondence to Leolin H. Keeney, June 24,1932, Box 32, Folder 16).

The records of the 1930s and the World War II era document the financial difficulties involved in operating the college during the Great Depression and the wartime years. Shortly after World War II, there is a report on the college, dated May 10,1947, by President Floyd Black on his return to the campus after a four-month absence in the U.S. (Box 32, Folder 25a).

Another document worth noting is in the file of Business Manager A. W. Sellar. It is a six-page "History of the Musurus Palace at Arnavutköy", which was built in the early nineteenth century on the site that later became part of the ACG campus. The document is dated August 7,1929 (Box 32, Folder 25c).


Box 32 Folder 1-5 General correspondence to Day, treasurer, 1899-1906


Box 32 Folder 6 General correspondence to Rutan, treasurer, 1905-1911


Box 32 Folder 7 Correspondence to George Adams, treasurer, from Patrick, 1910-1914


Box 32 Folder 8 General correspondence to Murray, 1914-1919


Box 32 Folder 9 Notes for informal report made by Haskell, 1922


Box 32 Folder 10 Correspondence to Olmstead from Bernetta Miller, bursar, 1926-1929


Box 32 Folder 11 Correspondence to Leolin H. Keeney, treasurer, from Adams, 1926


Box 32 Folder 12-15 Correspondence between Keeney and Miller, 1927-1930


Box 32 Folder 16-19 General correspondence to Keeney, 1932-l939


Box 32 Folder 20 Correspondence to Harlan Conn, bursar, from Staub, 1925


Box 32 Folder 21-25 General correspondence to Staub re financial matters, 1927-1939


Box 32 Folder 25a Correspondence to Staub from Burns and Floyd Black, 1940-1946


Box 32 Folder 25b Correspondence to Staub from A.W. Sellar, business manager, 1928


Box 32 Folder 25c Correspondence to Adams from Sellar, 1929


Box 32 Folder 26 General correspondence to Elbert C. Stevens, business manager-grounds and buildings,, 1930-1933


Box 32 Folder 27 General correspondence re finances American Service Funds, 1934-1935


Box 32 Folder 28 General correspondence re salaries in depression years at ACG and RC,, 1932-1936


Box 32 Folder 29 Correspondence to Staub from Herman Kreider, bursar, 1940-1944


Box 32 Folder 30 Correspondence to Kreider and Francis Potts, bursar, from Staub, 1940-1943

Series VIII: Publicity, Official Events and Historical, General

This series contains some printed materials--pamphlets and newspaper articles pertaining to ACG and major events in the Near East. News clippings date from the early 1900s to the late 1940s and include portrait photographs with brief biographical data on some faculty members (Box 33, Folders 1-2). There are fundraising pamphlets and brochures dating to 1907 and 1909. Materials relating to official events at the college include a richly detailed scrapbook containing Charter Day speeches, extracts from letters, commencement programs, news clippings and memorabilia covering the period from the 1880s to 1907 (Box 34, Folder 1: This material is fragile).

There is a 46-page typescript copy of a journal kept by Nettie Dodd from 1866 -1868. Her sister was Isabel Dodd, a longtime faculty member at ACG, her brother, William S. Dodd, was a medical missionary in Turkey.

Several articles by Mary Mills Patrick and others focus on the work of the college and the education of women. They span the period from 1908 to 1955.

Finally, there are a number of studies of the college including doctoral dissertations, M.A. theses and historical essays on the general subject of education in Turkey. Most are in typescript. A brief account by Dr. Floyd Black, written in 1944, relates his experiences with ACG while teaching at Robert College, and during the first year of his presidency.


Historical/Publicity



Box 33 Folder 1-2 Photo reprints of faculty and campus, 1920s


Box 33 Folder 3 Xerox of a photo collage titled, "Constantinople Woman's College Telescope",, 1931


Box 33 Folder 3a "College Magazine" (one issue), 1913


Box 33 Folder 4-5 Newspaper articles (alphabetical by subject), 1917-1922


Box 33 Folder 6-10 Newspaper articles (miscellaneous), 1906-1954


Fundraising: Reports and Brochures


Box 33 Folder 11 Fundraising brochures, 1907-1909


Box 33 Folder 12-13 Pamphlets and articles, 1907-1919


Box 33 Folder 14 Brochure titled "Constantinople College", 1917


Box 33 Folder 15 Brochures, 1914, 1919, 1914, 1919


Box 33 Folder 16 Pamphlets with descriptions of ACG, 1916-1921


Box 33 Folder 17 Brochure, "Constantinople Woman's College/Medical Work", [1920s]


Box 33 Folder 18 Pamphlets published by the Near East College Association, [1930s]


Box 33 Folder 19 "Ten Year Development Fund," a statement concerning the American College for Girls,, 1958


Box 33 Folder 20 "The Second Century Development Plan, Progress Report and Future Goals",, 1961


Official College Events


Box 33 Folder 21 Commencement address given by James B. Angell, 1898


Box 33 Folder 22-23 Commencement descriptions, 1904;1908


Box 33 Folder 24 Document written by Peet for laying of cornerstone ceremony, 1914


Box 33 Folder 25-26 Program invitations, 1912-1923


Box 33 Folder 27 25th commencement program, 1915


Box 33 Folder 28 Program of commencement exercises for preparatory department, 1924


Box 33 Folder 29 Commencement programs, 1913-1952


Memoirs, Theses, Articles



Box 34 Folder 1 ACG Scrapbook; clippings, invitations, letters l880s­ca.1907


Box 34 Folder 1a "From Home," xerox of journal written by Nettie Dodd in Turkey,, 1866


Box 34 Folder 2 "Constantinople Home," reprint of article by Caroline Borden, 1890


Box 34 Folder 3 "Women of the Orient," paper prepared by Borden, 1911


Box 34 Folder 4 "Echoes of the New Ottoman Constitution," booklet written by ACG students,, 1908


Box 34 Folder 5 "The Emancipation of Mohammeden Women," by Patrick (reprint from The National Geographic Magazine ), 1909


Box 34 Folder 5a "Constantinople College Under the Present War Conditions," by Patrick (reprint from The New York Evening Post ), 1915


Box 34 Folder 6 "Asia Minor in the Time of the Seven Wise Men," by Patrick (reprint from The National Geographic Magazine ), 1920


Box 34 Folder 7 "An Oasis of Peace," reprint of an article written by Patrick,, 1920s


Box 34 Folder 8 Articles relating to archaeological findings in Turkey written by Professor A.H. Sayce,, 1910


Box 34 Folder 9 "American Education for Girls in Turkey," reprint of article by Alice Lawton,, 1912


Box 34 Folder 10 "Constantinople College, The American College for Girls at Constantinople," by Eveline A. Thomson (reprint of article from the Journal of the Association of College Alumnae ), 1916


Box 34 Folder 11 "Glimpses of Bulgaria during the Present Crisis," article by Mary M. Haskell,, 1918


Box 34 Folder 12 Address to the Forum," by Dean Louise B. Wallace (reprint from the Mount Holyoke Alumnae Quarterly ), 1919


Box 34 Folder F13 "Constantinople College for Women and Homemaking Education," typescript by Eda Lord Demarest,, 1927


Box 34 Folder 14 "Constantinople College," typescript, author unknown, 1900s


Box 34 Folder 14a "College on the Bosphorus," by Virginia Voss reprint from Mademoiselle magazine, 1900s


Box 34 Folder 15 "Flap-Jack Alley in Constantinople," typescript by Eda Lord Murphy, [undated]


Box 34 Folder 16 List of books catalogued at the Anne Taylor Case Library (ACG),, 1920s


Manuscripts/Typescripts



Box 35 Folder 1 "The American College for Girls," 2l-page typescript of ACG's history written by Floyd Black,, 1950s


Box 35 Folder 2 "Social Sciences in Turkish Elementary Education," written by Behidje Sadik, class of 1931 (78-page manuscript published by the Trustees), 1931, 1931, 1931


Box 35 Folder 3 "Development of the American College for Girls at Istanbul in Turkey During Twenty-Five Years of the Turkish Republic," M.A. Thesis by Marjorie Leslie McKillop,, 1948


Box 35 Folder 4 "Turkey for the Turks," paper written by Grace Kellogg, 1952


Box 35 Folder 5 10-page outline for a history of ACG by Ruth Bradley, 1968


Box 35 Folder 6 Unidentified manuscript of RC/ACG history, with appendix of "firsts" (alumni/ae achievements),, 1970s


Box 35 Folder 7 History of RC/ACG, ms. Fincancl, 1970s


Box 35 Folder 8 "Mary Mills Patrick and The American College for Girls at Istanbul in Turkey," ms. of published dissertation by Ethel Nichols Thomas,, 1979



Box 36 Caroline Borden typed manuscript: "The American College for Girls at Constantinople in Turkey. 1871-1921"

Series IX: Minutes



Box 37 Volume 1 November 1894-December 1904


Box 37 Volume 2 February 1905-February 1908


Box 37 Volume 3 April 1908-December 1916


Box 37 Volume 4 April 1919-December 1920


Box 37 Volume 5 University Ledger, 1924-1930



Box 38 Volume 6 January 1921-December 1925


Box 38 Volume 7 May 1926-November 1929


Box 38 Volume 8 May 1930-Sept. 1947


Box 38 Volume 9 November 1947-May 1955


Box 38 Volume 10 January 1949-January 1956


Box 38 Volume 11 August 1955-July 1958


Box 38 Volume 12 September 1958-November 1959


Box 38 Volume 13 November 1959-May 1960

Series X: Photographs



Box 39 Students at Work .Library; students studying Laboratory Classroom General



Box 40 Student, Informal Students, Extracurricular (includes clubs, social service)



Box 41 Students, Groups (pre 1935)



Box 42 Students, Groups (post 1935)


Box 42 Students, Groups


Box 42 Charter Day Celebration (includes Library)



Box 43 Students, Groups (mostly Pageants)


Box 43 Students, Individuals



Box 44 Commencement Photographs (pre 1924 College and Orta, Group and Individual



Box 45 Commencement Photographs (post 1924 College, Group and Individual)



Box 46 Commencement Photographs



Box 47 Sports


Box 47 Child Study Center



Box 48 Ancillary Staff



Box 49 Faculty, Individuals and Groups



Box 50 Administrators



Box 51 Campus (individual buildings, miscellaneous, interior)


Box 51 E.D.H. Clarke Bench (plateau)



Box 52 Campus Buildings Uskudar Campus



Box 53 Campus Buildings (Arnavutkoy Campus, General views, pre 1971)



Box 54 Construction Photographs (pre 1971)



Box 55 Individual Buildings (Gould, Bingham, Barton Halls, pre 1971)

Series XI: Microfilms



Box 56 Minutes, April 1908-April 1959 (1 reel)


Box 56 Minutes, May 1959 – June 1960 (1 reel)

Additional I



Box ADD 1 Girls' College-Financial Records


Box ADD 1 Bequests/Scholarships/Gifts/Funds


Box ADD 1 Estates/Wills


Box ADD 1 Deeds/Buildings


Box ADD 1 Court Order/Instructions in case of death (misc.)


Box ADD 1 Collateral material: interesting PR, etc.


Box ADD 1 Hamlin, Cyrus--Letters written by


Box ADD 1 Letter written by Christopher Rhinelander Robert to Hamlin, New York,, August 10, 1865



Box ADD 2 Proposed draft of By-Laws (1899)


Box ADD 2 Revised draft of By-Laws (1907)


Box ADD 2 By-Laws (1908)


Box ADD 2 Charter and By-laws as amended (December 12, 1911)


Box ADD 2 Charter and By-laws as amended (April 1915)


Box ADD 2 Charter and By-laws as amended (Nov 1930)


Box ADD 2 Charter and By-laws as amended (May 1940)


Box ADD 2 By-Laws as amended (July 1956)


Box ADD 2 Documents: Reorganization of ACG as institution independent from Women's Board,


Box ADD 2 1906-1908


Box ADD 2 By-laws as amended (Oct 26, 1971)


Box ADD 2 By-laws as amended (March 7, 1974)


Box ADD 2 By-laws as amended (May 10, 1985)


Box ADD 2 The American College for Girls Information Bulletin (1961-1962 1962-1963 1965), 1962-1963


Box ADD 2 The American College for Girls at Constantinople President's Report (1891-1903)


Box ADD 2 The American College for Girls at Constantinople Report of the President (1904-1913)


Box ADD 2 The American College for Girls Calendar (1889-1890 - 1910-1912)


Box ADD 2 American College for Girls at Constantinople Calendar (Bulletin) June, 1913 1921-1922), June, 1913