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Series I: Correspondence/系列一: 信函
Chiang, Kai-shek (Jiang Jie-shi/蔣介石, Chiang Zhong-zheng/蔣中正)
Chiang, May-ling Soong (Jiang-Song, Mei-ling/蔣宋美齡)
Chiang, Ching-kuo (Jiang Jing-guo/蔣經國)
Chiang, Faina (Mrs. Chiang Ching-kuo/Jiang Fang-liang/蔣方良)
Chiang, Hsiao-wen (Alan Chiang/Jiang Xiao-wen/蔣孝文)
Chiang, Nancy H. W. (Mrs.. Chiang Hsiao-wen/蔣徐乃錦)
Chiang, You mei (Jiang You-mei/蔣友梅)
Chiang, Hsiao-wu (Jiang Xiao-wu/蔣孝武)
K'ung, H. H. (Kong Xiang-xi/孔祥熙)
K'ung, L. K. (Kong Ling-kan/孔令侃)
K'ung, L. Yi (Kong Ling-yi/孔令儀)
Soong, T. A. (Soong Tse An/Song Zi-an/宋子安)
Soong, T. V. (Soong Tse-vung/Song Zi-wen/宋子文)
Bai, Chong-xi (Pai Ch'ung-hsi/白崇禧)
Cai, Yun-sheng (Tsai Yun-sheng/蔡運升)
Chen, Guo-fu (Chen Kuo-fu/陳果夫)
Chow, Leon H. (Zhou Lian-Hua, Chow Lian-hwa, Leon Chow, 周聯華)
Committee for the Celebration of the Eightieth Anniversary of the Republic of China (Christian Group)
Dong, Feng-xiang (Tung Feng-hiang/董鳳翔)
Dong, Ping Yu (Tung Ping-yu/董平與)
Dong, Xian-guang (Hollington Tong/董顯光)
Dong, Ying-bin (Tung Ying-pin/董英斌)
Gu, Liang and Gu Duo and Gu Yue (谷良，谷多，谷月)
Guo, Bao-zhu (Kuo Pao-chu/郭寶珠)
Han, Qi-ying (Han Chi-ying/韓啓英)
Hollister, Dick and Judith Hollister
Hollister, Caroline Krause (Mrs. George Clay, II)
Hu, Yun-zhuang (Hu Yun-chuang/胡筠莊)
Hu, Zong-nan (Hu Tsong Nan/Hu Chun-nan/胡宗南)
Huang, Guan-nan (Hwang Kuan-nan/黃冠南)
Hui Guang Fashi (Hui Kuang Fashi/惠光法師)
Japan Broadcasting Corporation
Jiang, Ding-wen (Chiang Ting-wen/蔣鼎文)
Jiang, Wei-ren (Chiang Wei-jen/江惟仁)
Legislative Yuan Members of Northeast China
Li, Deng-hui (Li Teng-hui/李登輝)
Li, [Shi-zeng] (Li Shih-tzeng/李[石曾])
Liu, Duo-quan (Liu Tuo-chuan/劉多荃)
Liu, Zhong-di (Liu Chung-ti/劉仲荻)
Liu, Zhong-pu (Liu Chung-p'u/劉仲璞)
Ma, Zhan-shan (Ma Chan-shan/馬占山)
Mao, Ren-feng (Mao Jen-feng/毛人鳳)
Miao, Cheng-liu (Miao Ch'eng-liu/繆澂流)
Nationalist Party Central Committee
Ning, En-cheng (Ning En-Ch'eng/寧恩承)
Northeast Benevolent Association in Greater Washington D.C. (美國大華府地區東北同鄉聯誼會)
Northeast Benevolent Association in Taiwan (東北十省三市旅臺同鄉聯誼會)
Northeastern University (東北大學全體學生)
Qiao, Yun-peng (Ch'iao Yun-peng/喬云鵬)
Qin, Shi-xian (Ch'in Shih-hsian/秦世賢)
Qiu, Yong-he (Chiu Yung-he/邱永和)
San Yu Tang Committee (三畬堂清理委員會)
Seminary External Education Division (SEED)
Shen, Hong-lie (Shen Hung-lie/沈鴻烈)
Shi, Bing-yan (Shih Ping-yan/史炳炎)
Tongyi Luntan Zazhe (United Forum/統一論壇)
Tong, Yu-chi (T'ung Yu-ch'ih/佟玉墀)
Wang, Guan-wu (Wang Kuan-wu/王冠吾)
Wang, Han-guang (Wang Han-kuang/王漢光)
Wang, Yi-zhe (Wang Yi-che/王以哲)
Wei, Dao-ming (Wei Tao-ming/魏道明)
Wei, De-tang (Wei The-t'ang/魏德堂)
Women Alliance's Garment Factory
Wu, Ding-chang (Wu Ting-ch'ang/吳鼎昌)
Wu, Tie-cheng (Wu Tieh-ch'eng/吳鐵城)
Xu, Yong-chang (Hsu Yung-ch'ang/徐永昌)
Yang, Hu-cheng (Yang Hu-ch'eng/楊虎城)
Yang, Zhen-zhi (Yang Cheng-chih/楊正治)
You, Jian-zhao (K.C. Yu/You Chian-chao/游建昭)
Yu, Xue-zhong (Yu Hsueh Chung/于學忠)
Yu, Yun-chang, Yu Yun-zhao, Yu Yun-xian and Yu Yun-wen (于允長，于允昭，于允賢，于允文)
Zang, Shi-yi (Tzang Shih-yi/臧士毅)
Zeng, Kuo-qing (Tzeng K'uo-ch'ing/曾擴情)
Zeng, Yue-nong (Tseng Yueh-nung/曾約農)
Zhang, Jie-qian (Chang Chieh-chian/張捷遷)
Zhang, Mu-tao (Chang Mu-tau/張慕陶)
Zhang, Qi-Wei (Chang Ch'i-wei/張其威)
Zhang, Shou-fang (Chang Shou-fang/張首芳)
Zhang, Yan-fo (Chang Yan-fo/張嚴佛)
Zhang, Yan-yuan (Chang Yan-yuan/張炎元)
Zhao, Heng-yu (Chau Heng-yu/趙恆愚)
Zhao, Long-wen (Chau Lung-wen/趙龍文)
Zhao, Meng-wan (Chau Meng-wen/趙夢完)
Zheng, Jie-min (Cheng Chieh-min/鄭介民)
Zheng, Yu-xiu (Mme. Wei Dao-ming/Cheng Yu-hsiu/鄭毓秀)
Zhou, Cong-zheng (Chou Tsung-cheng/周從政)
Series II: Manuscripts/系列二: 著述
Series V: Diaries/系列五: 日記
Series VII: Printed Materials/系列七: 印刷品
At a Glance
This collection is arranged into 10 series.
Correspondence, manuscripts, notes, documents, artwork, calligraphies, study materials, photographs published manertal, and clippings, detailing the various stages of the life of Peter and Edith Chang.
Using the Collection
Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Other Finding Aids
Partial Chinese/English finding aid for Box 1-34 available. 第1-34盒中英目錄: https://www1.columbia.edu/sec/cu/lweb/eresources/archives/rbml/Chang/pdf.pdf
Restrictions on Access
You will need to make an appointment in advance to use this collection material in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room. You can schedule an appointment once you've submitted your request through your Special Collections Research Account.
The following boxes are located off-site: 46-96. You will need to request this material from the Rare Book and Manuscript Library at least three business days in advance to use the collection in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room.
This collection has no restrictions.
Box 25 (listed only in the PDF Chinese finding aid) is not available.
Terms Governing Use and Reproduction
Permission to quote from the papers must be obtained in writing from Robert Chang.
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. The RBML maintains ownership of the physical material only. Copyright remains with the creator and his/her heirs. The responsibility to secure copyright permission rests with the patron.
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Peter H.L. and Edith Chang papers; Box and Folder; Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.
Peter H.L. and Edith Chang oral history, interviewed by the Chang sisters (Chih-Ping Chang Sobelman/張之丙, Chih-Yu Chang Ho/張之宇) over sixty sessions between 1991 and 1993:
Digitized interview audio files: https://dx.doi.org/10.7916/d8-7bfe-mv72
Peter H.L. and Edith Chang oral history, interviewed by Te-kong Tong, 1990:
Digitized interview audio files: https://dx.doi.org/10.7916/d8-71n2-qw95
Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. Contact email@example.com for more information.
Gift of Edith and Peter Chang, 1994.
About the Finding Aid / Processing Information
Columbia University Libraries, Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Papers processed 1993-2009 by various processors.
由蘇張之丙和Patrick Lawlor 整理.
See collection file for photographs of scrolls returned to family.
2010-03-09 Legacy finding aid created from Pro Cite.
6/28/2018 Added link to partial Chinese/English finding aid
2019-05-20 EAD was imported spring 2019 as part of the ArchivesSpace Phase II migration.
History / Biographical Note
Biographical / Historical
Peter H. L. Chang (his name also rendered as Zhang Xueliang, and Chang Hsueh-liang) was born in Manchuria in 1901 and died in Hawaii in 2001. After his father Chang Tso-lin Zhang Zuolin, a leading war-lord known as the Old Marshal, was assassinated in 1928 by the Japanese, Chang took his place as the Young Marshal, becoming one of the most powerful military figures in China.
In 1930 Chang became Deputy Commander in Chief of the Chinese Armed Forces. In 1933 he traveled to Europe. Upon his return to China, Zhou Enlai convinced him of the need for a united front between the Nationalist and Communist Chinese against Japan.
On December 4, 1936, Chiang Kai-shek, the Nationalist leader, met with Marshal Chang in Xian, ostensibly to plan a campaign against the Communists that was due to begin on December 12. Chang arrested Chiang Kai-shek, an event that became known around the world as the Xian incident. Two weeks later Chiang was released after agreeing to work with the Communists in fighting the Japanese.
After the Xian incident Marshal Chang might have chosen to join the Communists. Instead he surrendered to Chiang Kai-shek who placed him under house arrest. This was his status for the next fifty years, even after the Nationalists fled to Taiwan taking Chang with them. As he said in 1991 in his first interview after recovering his freedom"It was a rebellion and I had to take responsibility for it".
During his long period of confinement on Taiwan, Marshal Chang lived comfortably in a house with an extensive garden selected by Chiang Kai-shek's son, Chiang Ching-kuo, who succeeded his father as President of Taiwan. During this time Chang became a Baptist and spent many hours writing, reading the Bible, and studying history. The house was filled with paintings and calligraphy honoring the Chiang family, including a number that were drawn by Madame Chang Kai-shek. Many of these items are now at Columbia in the Chang Papers.
After his release Marshall Chang settled in Hawaii in 1995 with his second wife Yi Di Zhao, known as Edith Chang who predeceased him by one year. The daughter of a senior official, she had left her family while still in her teens to become his companion, later following him into exile on Taiwan. Her devotion so moved Chang's first wife Yu Feng-chih that she released him from his marriage vows.
張學良，字漢卿，1901年生於滿洲，2001年病逝于夏威夷。在其父張作霖 (主要的中國軍閥之一，經常被稱爲"大帥") 被日本人暗殺于1928年之後，張學良接掌了父親的職位成爲中國最有勢力的軍方人物之一，並被稱爲"少帥"。1930年，張學良就任中國軍隊的副總司令。1933年，張學良出有歐洲。在他返回中國后，周恩來勸説張學良相信國共雙方有必要組成聯合陣綫對抗日本人。1936年12月4日，國民党領導人蔣介石在西安會見了張學良，並計劃繼續進剿共產黨人。12月12日，張學良逮捕了蔣介石,此即震驚世界的西安事變。兩周后，蔣介石同意与共產黨人共同抗日並被釋放。西安事變之後，張學良本可加入共產黨。但他最終向蔣介石低頭，後者將其置於軟禁之下。這種狀態持續了50年，即使國民党從大陸敗退臺灣也未改變這一點。正如他在1991年重獲自由后第一次接受採訪時所說："那是一次叛亂，我必須爲此負責。"在其長期被軟禁于臺灣期間，張少帥舒適地居住在一所帶有大花園的宅邸中。房子是由蔣介石之子將經國為他挑選的。在臺灣，蔣經國後來繼其父成爲中華民國的總統。在這期間，張學良成爲一個浸信會教徒。他花費大量時間寫作，閲讀聖經，學習歷史。他的宅邸挂滿了中國書畫作品，其中許多出自蔣宋美齡之手。許多這些作品現藏于哥倫比亞大學的張學良文件。在他獲釋之後，張少帥于1995年定居夏威夷。陪伴他的有他的第二位妻子張趙一荻，張夫人早張少帥一年故去。張夫人出身高官門第，二十嵗前就離開家庭追隨張學良，並一直陪伴張學良于臺灣。她的獻身精神令張學良的第一位夫人于鳳至如此感動以至她同意与張學良解除婚姻。
Edith Chao Chang (pinyin: Zhao, Yidi; Wade-Giles: Chao, I-ti; Chinese: 趙一荻, 赵一荻; original name: Zhao Qixia, 趙綺霞, 赵绮霞; alias: 赵四小姐) was born in 1912, Hong Kong. She was the daughter of Lu Baozhen (吕葆贞) and Zhao Qinghua (趙慶華), a senior official. Edith met Peter Chang in 1928 and left her family while she was still in her teens to become his companion. She followed him into exile in mainland China and in Taiwan, and spent the rest of her life together with Peter Chang. Her devotion moved Chang's first wife Yu Feng-Tze that she released him from his marriage vows in 1964, allowing him to marry Edith. She died in Honolulu, Hawaii at the age of 88 in 2000.