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   Morgan J. Rhees Papers, 1794-1968.

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Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Morgan J. Rhees papers; Box and Folder; Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.

COinS Metadata available (e.g., for Zotero).

Summary Information

At a Glance

Call No.:MS#1066
Bib ID:4079832 View CLIO record
Creator(s):Rhees, Morgan J. (Morgan John), 1760-1804.
Title:Morgan J. Rhees Papers, 1794-1968.
Physical description:0.5 linear ft. (1 box)
Language(s): Material is primarily in English with some Welsh.
Access: This collection is located on-site. This collection has no restrictions.  More information »



This collection is arranged in one series:

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Scope and Content

The collection includes two diaries of his American tour (one is made up of his rough travel notes, the other is in edited form for circulation), a memorial volume of manuscripts about his wife (Ann Loxley Rhees) prepared by his daughter Eliza (Mrs. Nicholas Murray), and 1851 passport of Nicholas Murray, a letter of Thomas Chalmers Murray to his sister Mary Jones Murray Butler (the mother of Nicholas Murray Butler, President of Columbia University), correspondence between Welsh historian Gwyn A. Williams and collection donor Mary Butler Brown, an essay entitled "Morgan John Rhees and Beula" by Gwyn A. Williams, Ann Loxley Rhees's valedictory oration on graduation from Philadelphia's Ladies Academy, an address on female education ca. 1789, family obituary clippings, poems, misc. items, and a photograph of Ann Loxley Rhees. An edited version of substantial sections of the diaries of M.J. Rhees was published in John Thomas Griffith's 1910 biography and miscellany of Rhees and his family, a copy of which is included in this collection. An edited version of a previously unpublished section of the diary, from May 2nd to July 9th 1795, was published in Northwest Ohio History (vol. 80, no. 2), but it is an unreliable transcription containing many inaccuracies, according to Dr E. Wyn James of Cardiff University, who is working on a new edition of the M.J. Rhees diaries.

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Using the Collection


Access Restrictions

This collection is located on-site.

This collection has no restrictions.

Restrictions on Use

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. The RBML maintains ownership of the physical material only. Copyright remains with the creator and his/her heirs. The responsibility to secure copyright permission rests with the patron.

Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Morgan J. Rhees papers; Box and Folder; Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.

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About the Finding Aid / Processing Information

Columbia University Libraries. Rare Book and Manuscript Library; machine readable finding aid created by Columbia University Libraries Digital Library Program Division

Processing Information

Diaries & papers Cataloged 06/28/94 HR

Finding aid written 01/05/2011 Andrew Edwards, Columbia University School of General Studies.

Machine readable finding aid generated from MARC-AMC source via XSLT conversion January 12, 2011 Finding aid written in English.
    2011-01-12 xml document instance created by Carrie Hintz

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Subject Headings

The subject headings listed below are found in this collection. Links below allow searches at Columbia University through the Archival Collections Portal and through CLIO, the catalog for Columbia University Libraries, as well as ArchiveGRID, a catalog that allows users to search the holdings of multiple research libraries and archives.

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HeadingCUL Archives:
CUL Collections:
Nat'l / Int'l Archives:


HeadingCUL Archives:
CUL Collections:
Nat'l / Int'l Archives:
Abolitionists--United States.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
African Americans--History--To 1863.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Antislavery movements--United States.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Baptists--Clergy--United States.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Butler, Mary Jones Murray, 1838-1912.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Butler, Nicholas Murray, 1862-1947.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Davis, J. C. Bancroft (John Chandler Bancroft), 1822-1907.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Griffith, John Thomas, 1845-1917.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Kinney, William B. (William Burnet), 1799-1880.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Murray, Eliza Jones Rhees, ca.1803-1871.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Murray, Nicholas, 1802-1861.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Murray, Thomas Chalmers, 1850?-1879.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Presbyterians--Clergy--New Jersey.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Republicanism--United States--History--18th century.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Rhees, Ann Loxley, 1775-1849.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Rhees, B. Rush (Benjamin Rush), 1798-1834.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Rhees, Morgan J. (Morgan John), 1760-1804.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Rhees, William Jones, 1830-1907.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Slavery--South Carolina--History--18th century.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Slaves--Religious life--Georgia.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Slaves--Religious life--South Carolina.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Webster, Daniel, 1782-1852.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Welsh Americans.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Williams, Gwyn A.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID

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History / Biographical Note

Biographical Note

Abolitionist, Welsh republican radical, publisher, Baptist minister, pioneer and adventurer Morgan J. Rhees fled to the United States in 1794 faced with arrest for his political work in Wales. Between 1793 and 1794 Rhees published Cylchgrawn Cynmraeg, the first political magazine in the Welsh language. Rhees traveled throughout the United States and its western territories on horseback 1794-1795, preaching emancipation and republican ideals while searching for a suitable settlement for Welsh immigrants. In 1797 he and his wife Ann Loxley Rhees founded the town of Beula in western Pennsylvania with land purchased from Benjamin Rush. The settlement was a failure; the land was ceded back to Rush in 1802. Rhees remained active in republican politics and encouraged Welsh emigration. Rhees was the great grandfather of Nicholas Murray Butler, President of Columbia University.

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