Rare Book & Manuscript Library

Morgan J. Rhees papers, 1794-1968

Summary Information

At a Glance

Call No.: MS#1066
Bib ID 4079832 View CLIO record
Creator(s) Rhees, Morgan J (Morgan John), 1760-1804
Title Morgan J. Rhees papers, 1794-1968
Physical Description 0.5 linear feet (1 box)
Language(s) English .

This collection is located on-site.

This collection has no restrictions.



Selected materials cataloged; remainder arranged.


Scope and Content

The collection includes two diaries of his American tour (one is made up of his rough travel notes, the other is in edited form for circulation), a memorial volume of manuscripts about his wife (Ann Loxley Rhees) prepared by his daughter Eliza (Mrs. Nicholas Murray), and 1851 passport of Nicholas Murray, a letter of Thomas Chalmers Murray to his sister Mary Jones Murray Butler (the mother of Nicholas Murray Butler, President of Columbia University), correspondence between Welsh historian Gwyn A. Williams and collection donor Mary Butler Brown, an essay entitled "Morgan John Rhees and Beula" by Gwyn A. Williams, Ann Loxley Rhees's valedictory oration on graduation from Philadelphia's Ladies Academy, an address on female education ca. 1789, family obituary clippings, poems, misc. items, and a photograph of Ann Loxley Rhees. An edited version of substantial sections of the diaries of M.J. Rhees was published in John Thomas Griffith's 1910 biography and miscellany of Rhees and his family, a copy of which is included in this collection. An edited version of a previously unpublished section of the diary, from May 2nd to July 9th 1795, was published in Northwest Ohio History (vol. 80, no. 2), but it is an unreliable transcription containing many inaccuracies, according to Dr E. Wyn James of Cardiff University, who is working on a new edition of the M.J. Rhees diaries.

Using the Collection

Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Restrictions on Access

This collection is located on-site.

This collection has no restrictions.

Terms Governing Use and Reproduction

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. The RBML maintains ownership of the physical material only. Copyright remains with the creator and his/her heirs. The responsibility to secure copyright permission rests with the patron.

Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Morgan J. Rhees papers; Box and Folder; Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.

Related Materials

See also: The Butler family papers in Ms Coll\Butler


Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. Contact rbml@columbia.edu for more information.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Diaries and papers: Source of acquisition--Brown, Mary Murray. Method of acquisition--Gift; Date of acquisition--12/07/93. Accession number--M-93-12-7.

Gift of Mary Murray Brown, 1993.

About the Finding Aid / Processing Information

Columbia University Libraries, Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Processing Information

Diaries & papers Cataloged HR 06/28/94.

Finding aid written Andrew Edwards, Columbia University School of General Studies 01/05/2011.

Revision Description

2011-01-12 xml document instance created by Carrie Hintz

2019-05-20 EAD was imported spring 2019 as part of the ArchivesSpace Phase II migration.

Subject Headings

The subject headings listed below are found in this collection. Links below allow searches at Columbia University through the Archival Collections Portal and through CLIO, the catalog for Columbia University Libraries, as well as ArchiveGRID, a catalog that allows users to search the holdings of multiple research libraries and archives.

All links open new windows.


Heading "CUL Archives:"
"CUL Collections:"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
Albums (books) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Biographies (literary works) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Clippings (Information Artifacts) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Diaries Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Lists (document genres) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Notes (documents) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Obituaries Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Pamphlets Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Passports Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Photographs Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Poems Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Visas Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID


Heading "CUL Archives:"
"CUL Collections:"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
Abolitionists -- United States Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
African Americans -- History -- To 1863 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Antislavery movements -- United States Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Baptists -- Clergy -- United States Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Butler, Mary Jones Murray, 1838-1912 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Butler, Nicholas Murray, 1862-1947 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Clergy Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Davis, J. C. Bancroft (John Chandler Bancroft), 1822-1907 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Griffith, John Thomas, 1845-1917 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Kinney, William B. (William Burnet), 1799-1880 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Murray, Eliza Jones Rhees, ca.1803-1871 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Murray, Nicholas, 1802-1861 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Presbyterians -- Clergy -- New Jersey Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Republicanism -- United States -- History -- 18th century Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Rhees, Ann Loxley, 1775-1849 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Rhees, B. Rush (Benjamin Rush), 1798-1834 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Rhees, Morgan J (Morgan John), 1760-1804 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Rhees, William Jones, 1830-1907 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Slavery -- South Carolina -- History -- 18th century Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Slaves -- Religious life -- Georgia Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Slaves -- Religious life -- South Carolina Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Webster, Daniel, 1782-1852 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Welsh Americans Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Williams, Gwyn A Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID

History / Biographical Note

Biographical / Historical

Abolitionist, Welsh republican radical, publisher, Baptist minister, pioneer and adventurer Morgan J. Rhees fled to the United States in 1794 faced with arrest for his political work in Wales. Between 1793 and 1794 Rhees published Cylchgrawn Cynmraeg, the first political magazine in the Welsh language. Rhees traveled throughout the United States and its western territories on horseback 1794-1795, preaching emancipation and republican ideals while searching for a suitable settlement for Welsh immigrants. In 1797 he and his wife Ann Loxley Rhees founded the town of Beula in western Pennsylvania with land purchased from Benjamin Rush. The settlement was a failure; the land was ceded back to Rush in 1802. Rhees remained active in republican politics and encouraged Welsh emigration. Rhees was the great grandfather of Nicholas Murray Butler, President of Columbia University.