Rare Book & Manuscript Library
 

Leslie H. Dingyan Chen's collection of Historiographic Materials for a Biography of Chen Chiung-Ming, 1988

Summary Information

Abstract

The Leslie H. Dingyan Chen's Collection of Historiographic Materials for a Biography of Chen Chiung-Ming is a typescript publication published in 1988 documenting the life of Chen Jiongming as a revolutionary figure in the Guangdong province before and during the Republican period in China.

At a Glance

Call No.: MS#0216
Bib ID 4079741 View CLIO record
Creator(s) Chen, Leslie H. Dingyan
Title Leslie H. Dingyan Chen's collection of Historiographic Materials for a Biography of Chen Chiung-Ming, 1988
Physical Description 1.25 linear feet (3 manuscripts boxes)
Language(s) English .
Access You will need to make an appointment in advance to use this collection material in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room. You can schedule an appointment once you've submitted your request through your Special Collections Research Account.

This collection is located on-site.

This collection has no restrictions.

Arrangement

Arrangement

Arranged by chapters. Box 1: Preliminary matter and Chapters 1-8. Box 2: Chapters 9-13. Box 3: Chapters 14-18.

Description

Summary

The collection is consist of a typescript copy of A Collection of Historiographic Materials for a Biography of Chen Chiung-Ming (1878-1933) published in 1988 by Leslie H. Dingyan Chen. Materials included in the typescripts are the transcriptions of correspondence, memoirs, diplomatic documents, monographs, and newspapers articles from English language sources and English translations from Chinese sources.

Using the Collection

Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Restrictions on Access

You will need to make an appointment in advance to use this collection material in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room. You can schedule an appointment once you've submitted your request through your Special Collections Research Account.

This collection is located on-site.

This collection has no restrictions.

Terms Governing Use and Reproduction

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. The RBML maintains ownership of the physical material only. Copyright remains with the creator and his/her heirs. The responsibility to secure copyright permission rests with the patron.

Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Leslie H. Dingyan Chen's collection of Historiographic Materials for a Biography of Chen Chiung-Ming; Box and Folder; Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.

Related Materials

Leslie H. Dingyan Chen papers, 1955-2006. Hoover Institution Archives. Finding Aid

Accruals

Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. Contact rbml@columbia.edu for more information.

Alternate Form Available

The entire collection is: photocopies.

Ownership and Custodial History

Gift of Leslie H. Chen, 1988.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Source of acquisition--Chen, Leslie. Method of acquisition--Gift; Date of acquisition--11/14/88. Accession number--M-88-11-14.

About the Finding Aid / Processing Information

Columbia University Libraries, Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Processing Information

Processed in March 1991 by RL/BRC. Finding aid revised and title changed from Leslie H. Chen papers to Leslie H. Dingyan Chen's collection of Historiographic Materials for a Biography of Chen Chiung-Ming in 2018 to accurately reflect the content of the collection by Yingwen Huang.

Revision Description

2009-06-26 File created.

2018-08-09 EAD finding aid updated.

2019-05-20 EAD was imported spring 2019 as part of the ArchivesSpace Phase II migration.

Subject Headings

The subject headings listed below are found in this collection. Links below allow searches at Columbia University through the Archival Collections Portal and through CLIO, the catalog for Columbia University Libraries, as well as ArchiveGRID, a catalog that allows users to search the holdings of multiple research libraries and archives.

All links open new windows.

Genre/Form

Heading "CUL Archives:"
"Portal"
"CUL Collections:"
"CLIO"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
"ArchivedGRID"
Articles Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Memoirs Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Monographs Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Reports Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Transcripts Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
indexes (reference sources) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID

Subject

Heading "CUL Archives:"
"Portal"
"CUL Collections:"
"CLIO"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
"ArchivedGRID"
Chen, Jiongming, 1878-1933 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Generals -- China Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Marshals -- China Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Statesmen -- China Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Sun, Yat-sen, 1866-1925 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID

History / Biographical Note

Biographical / Historical

Leslie H. Dingyan Chen (pinyin: Chen, Dingyan; traditional Chinese: 陳定炎; simplified Chinese: 陈定炎) was born in Hong Kong, 1923. He was a Chinese-American engineer and historian. He was also the younger son of Chen, Jiongming, whom he researched and wrote extensively about in his late life. He died in Hong Kong, 2006.

Chen, Jiongming (Wade Giles: Chen, Chiung-ming; pinyin: Chen, Jiongming; traditional Chinese: 陳炯明; simplified Chinese: 陈炯明; courtesy name: Jingcun, 競存) was born in Haifeng, Guangdong province, 1878. Chen was a Chinese general and the governor of Guangdong. Chen was also the Chief-of-Staff and Minister of War for southern military affairs under President Sun Yat-sen. When Sun ordered the Northern Expedition to unify China by force, Chen refused and advocated for a democratic and federalist government in China. In 1922, Chen initiated a coup d'etat against Sun's southern regime in Guangzhou, which later known as the June Sixteenth Incident (六一六事变). After Chen's troops were defeated by the Nationalist army, he retreated to Hong Kong and lived there until he died in 1933.

External users and Columbia affiliates may view materials on-site at RBML. Due to COVID-19 restrictions, only Columbia affiliates may view materials on-site at Avery, Starr, and Burke. After clicking 'Submit Request', users will login with their UNI and password (Columbia affiliates) or their special collections account (external users). Appointments are required and will be arranged according to each individual repository's policy.


Leslie H. Dingyan Chen's Collection of Historiographic Materials for a Biography of Chen Chiung-Ming, 1988



Box 1 Preliminary matter


Box 1 1 Early Years, 1878-1911

Haifeng and its people; Formative years (1878 - 1900); Kwangtung Provincial Assembly; Anti-gambling movement and Ko Po.


Box 1 2 The Revolution of 1911, 1911

New Army Revolt at Canton: "March 29" Uprising; Assassination Corps; Battle of Waichow.


Box 1 3 First Republican Administration in Canton, 1911-1913

Canton: between declaration of independence and Chen's entry; Maintenance of peace and order; Support of the new Republic; First return (to Canton) of Sun Yat-sen; Acting Governor-General of Kwangtung; The Pacification Bureau and the Army Protector; Governor-General prior to declaration of independence (against Yuan Shih-kai).


Box 1 4 The Second Revolution, 1913-1916

First anti-Yuan campaign: Exile in Singapore; Second anti-Yuan campaign; The Northern sojourn.


Box 1 5 Constitution Protection Movement, 1917-1918

Political Situation prior to Chen's return; Return to Canton; Canton Military Government (July 1917 -Dec 1918); The Fukien Campaign (Dec. 1917 – Dec. 1918); The Southern Cause.


Box 1 6 "Little Model China" in Fukien, 1918-1920

Political situation (Jan. 1919 – Aug. 1920); Conditions in East Kwangtung ( Jan. 1919 – Aug. 1920) , Conditions in Fukien (Jan. 1919 – Aug. 1920); Administration in Changchow (Aug. 1918 – Aug. 1920); New Culture Movement in Southern Fukien (1918 - 1920); Chen's personal activities during the Changchow period The Soviet contact; Special reports from USDS on Bolshevik propaganda and political activities.


Box 1 7 The Return to Kwangtung, 1920

Political situation in Canton and Peking; Return of Kwangtung Army to Kwangtung; Aeroplanes and American aviators; Excesses of Kwangsi troops; Conditions in Fukien; Condition in East Kwangtung; Second Return (to Canton) of Sun Yat-sen.


Box 1 8 Experiments in Democracy, Nov 1920 - June 1922

Re-establishment of the Military Government; Disbandment of troops; Anti-gambling and anti-opium; Inauguration of municipal governments; Modernization of education; Modernization of army; Finance , Industry and miscellaneous and election of magistrates; Labor activities; District relations self-government and communist



Box 2 9 The Kwangsi Campaign, June-Sept 1921

Events leading to Kwangsi Campaign; The Kwangsi Campaign; Reform of Kwangsi; Victorious Return to Canton ( Nov 7, 1921).


Box 2 10 Federalist Movement, Early to 1922

Aspirations in the early Republic (1911-1913); Federalist activities (1916 -1920); Chen's political views (1920 - 1922); Federalist activities (1920-1922); Kwangtung Provincial Constitution (Nov 1920 - 1922); Kwangtung, China and Foreign Powers (Nov 1920 - 1922)


Box 2 11 The Split with Sun Yat-sen -- The June 16 Incident, 1922

His relation with Sun, Sun's activities and political views prior to Sun's extraordinary presidency (Nov 1920 - May 1921); Sun's extraordinary presidency; His relation with Sun, Sun's activities and political views after Sun's extraordinary presidency and two months before the June incident (May 1921 - April 1922); Sun's assassination tactics; The June 16 Incident; Contemporary comments on the Incident; Posterior comments on the Incident


Box 2 12 Federalist Movement - Another Chance, Aug 1922 - Jan 1923

The Civil Governorship and Canton Municipality; Finance and Loans: His political views and activities; Sun's Proposed Triple Alliance Exposed; Sun's Proposed Japanese agreement.


Box 2 13 Retirement in Hong Kong, Jan - May 1923

Canton prior to invasion from Kwangsi (Aug 1922 - Jan 1923); Invasion from Kwangsi; His followers in Eastern Kwangtung and the Fukien War (Aug 1922 - May 1923); Comments and reports relating to his retirement.



Box 3 14 The Struggle Resumes, May 1923 - Dec 1924

Sun's administration in Canton (Jan 1923 - Nov 1924); Chen, his followers, Southwest and the North (Feb 1923 - Dec 1924; Reconciliation efforts (between Sun and Chen) - (Nov 1922 – Dec 1924); the military contest (May 1923 - Nov 1924); The Merchants Volunteer Corps Incident- Sun's departure and death.


Box 3 15 The End of Military Struggle, Nov 1924 - Dec 1925

Political and military situations after Sun's departure: First East River battles (Jan-March, 1925); Activities between the battles ( March-Oct , 1925); Second East River battles – Fall of Waichow (Sept- Nov 1925); The Soviet Conspiracy (1922 -1929)


Box 3 16 Final Quest for Unification by Political Means, 1926-1933

A new political party; other activities; Excerpts from "a Proposal for the Unification of China; Miscellaneous.


Box 3 17 His Writings and Speeches

Essays; Poems; Vernacular Poems; Index for speeches and circular telegrams.


Box 3 18 Writings in Memory of Him

Excerpts from "the Memorial Record of Mr. Chen Chiung-ming" –Eulogistic essays, poems, etc.