Rare Book & Manuscript Library
 

Samuel Oldknow papers, 1782-1924, bulk 1782-1815

Summary Information

At a Glance

Call No.: MS#0949
Bib ID 4079736 View CLIO record
Creator(s) Oldknow, Samuel, 1756-1828
Title Samuel Oldknow papers, 1782-1924, bulk 1782-1815
Physical Description 2.5 linear feet (5 boxes)
Language(s) English .
Access

This collection is located on-site.

This collection has no restrictions.

Arrangement

Arrangement

Selected materials cataloged; remainder arranged. Cataloged correspondence, A-Z. (Boxes 1-3); Cataloged documents, A-Z. (Boxes 4-5); Miscellaneous materials. (Box 5).

Description

Summary

Correspondence, account books, invoices, insurance policies, ledgers, payroll and wage records, receipts, and galley proofs. The records concern his cotton spinning mills in Stockport and Mellor. There are letters from merchants, tradesmen, manufacturers, and others relating to textile manufacturing and its mechanization in England during the last quarter of the eighteenth century. Included among the correspondents are: Sir Richard Arkwright, inventor of the spinning jenny; his son, Richard Arkwright; Henry Norris; Samuel Oldknow; Thomas Oldknow; Richard and Susannah Pennant (Baron and Baroness Penrhyn); Samuel Salte; and William Salte. Also included are the galley proofs for those letters published in George Unwin: SAMUEL OLDKNOW AND THE ARKWRIGHTS (London, 1924)

Using the Collection

Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Restrictions on Access

This collection is located on-site.

This collection has no restrictions.

Terms Governing Use and Reproduction

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. The RBML maintains ownership of the physical material only. Copyright remains with the creator and his/her heirs. The responsibility to secure copyright permission rests with the patron.

Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Samuel Oldknow papers; Box and Folder; Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.

Related Materials

Related material can be found in the Samuel Oldknow Collection at the Johns Hopkins University Library. Also, the Manchester Reference Library, and the John Rylands Library (Ms. Nos. 751-840), Manchester, England

Ownership and Custodial History

Provenance: Edwin R.A. Seligman purchased a selection of the Oldknow papers offered to him in 1926 by Arthur Hulme, a contributing author of SAMUEL OLDKNOW AND THE ARKWRIGHTS. Those letters not purchased by Seligman were acquired by the John Rylands Library.

About the Finding Aid / Processing Information

Columbia University Libraries, Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Processing Information

Papers Entered in AMC HR 02/--/91.

This original call number for this collection was MS Arkwright/Oldknow. The collection is labelled and shelved as Arkwright/Oldknow in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library.

Revision Description

2020-04-02 EAD finding aid created by CCR.

Subject Headings

The subject headings listed below are found in this collection. Links below allow searches at Columbia University through the Archival Collections Portal and through CLIO, the catalog for Columbia University Libraries, as well as ArchiveGRID, a catalog that allows users to search the holdings of multiple research libraries and archives.

All links open new windows.

Genre/Form

Heading "CUL Archives:"
"Portal"
"CUL Collections:"
"CLIO"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
"ArchivedGRID"
Account books Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Galley proofs Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Insurance policies Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Invoices Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Ledgers Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Payrolls Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Receipts Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID

Subject

Heading "CUL Archives:"
"Portal"
"CUL Collections:"
"CLIO"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
"ArchivedGRID"
Arkwright, Richard, 1755-1843 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Arkwright, Richard, Sir, 1732-1792 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Cotton manufacture -- England -- 18th century Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Cotton manufacture -- England -- 19th century Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Cotton spinning -- England Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Cotton textile industry -- England Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Cotton weaving -- England Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Industrialists -- England Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Industrialization -- Great Britain -- 18th century Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Industries -- Great Britain -- 18th century Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Labor -- England -- 18th century Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Labor -- England -- 19th century Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Manufacturers -- England Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Manufactures -- Great Britain -- 18th century Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Manufacturing processes -- Great Britain -- History Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Mellor (Stockport, England) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Merchants -- England Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Norris, Henry Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Oldknow, Samuel, 1756-1828 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Oldknow, Thomas Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Penrhyn, Richard Pennant, Baron, 1737-1808 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Penrhyn, Susannah Anne Warburton Pennant, Baroness Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Salte, Samuel Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Salte, William Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Stockport (England) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Textile industry -- Great Britain -- History Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID

History / Biographical Note

Biographical / Historical

Samuel Oldknow was an English industrialist, the first successful maker of British muslin. He was born in Anderton, Lancashire in 1756. After serving an apprenticeship, he set up as manufacturer of cotton goods and fustians in Anderton. In 1781, as the cotton industry became mechanized, Oldknow began producing muslin products. In 1784, he erected a factory at Stockport and became recognized as the foremost muslin manufacturer in Great Britain. In 1790, Oldknow built a mill at Mellor and acquired land for his personal estate. He used the latest technology in his cotton spinning factories at Stockport and Mellor, including the Arkwright spinning jenny and the Watt steam engine. His enterprises resulted in the growth of the community in Derbyshire. He became a scientific and experimental agriculturist and planned for roads, bridges, and canals.