Rare Book & Manuscript Library

Benjamin Waugh papers, 1925-1933, bulk 1927-1928

Summary Information


The Benjamin Waugh papers mainly consist of photographs that documented the National Revolution Army's Northern Expedition in various northern cities in China dating from 1927 to 1928. Other materials include letters, a grocery company's income, and photographic postcards depicting sceneries in China.

At a Glance

Call No.: MS#1314
Bib ID 4079695 View CLIO record
Creator(s) Waugh, Benjamin
Title Benjamin Waugh papers, 1925-1933, bulk 1927-1928
Physical Description 0.4 Linear Feet (in 1 manuscript box)
Language(s) Chinese , English .

This collection is located on-site.

This collection has no restrictions.



Arranged by material type.



The Benjamin Waugh papers include two letters with envelopes from Baldwin Lee from 1925 and 1933, six undated photographic postcards, an account of a grocery company's income in Chinese, a Kodak film envelope, and fifty-two photographs of the National Revolution Army in various Chinese cities during the Northern Expedition, dating from 1925-1933, with the bulk dates from 1927 to 1928. The photographs in the papers depict the everyday life of soldiers from the National Republican Army (國民革命軍) as well as official photographs from the Photograph Department, Airplane Brigade, Aviation Division of the National Revolution Army Headquarters (國民革命軍總司令部航空處飛機隊攝影科製品).

Using the Collection

Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Restrictions on Access

This collection is located on-site.

This collection has no restrictions.

Terms Governing Use and Reproduction

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. The RBML maintains ownership of the physical material only. Copyright remains with the creator and his/her heirs. The responsibility to secure copyright permission rests with the patron.

Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Benjamin Waugh papers; Box and Folder; Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.

Ownership and Custodial History

Gift of the estate of Benjamin Waugh via Brian Crawford and Scott Morton, 1989.

About the Finding Aid / Processing Information

Columbia University Libraries, Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Processing Information

Processed JHR 03/29/90. Finding aid revised by Yingwen Huang in June 2018.

Revision Description

2009-06-26 File created.

2018-08-10 EAD finding aid updated.

2019-05-20 EAD was imported spring 2019 as part of the ArchivesSpace Phase II migration.

Subject Headings

The subject headings listed below are found in this collection. Links below allow searches at Columbia University through the Archival Collections Portal and through CLIO, the catalog for Columbia University Libraries, as well as ArchiveGRID, a catalog that allows users to search the holdings of multiple research libraries and archives.

All links open new windows.


Heading "CUL Archives:"
"CUL Collections:"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
Black and white photographs Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Correspondence Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Photographic postcards Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Photographic prints Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Photographs Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID


Heading "CUL Archives:"
"CUL Collections:"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
China -- History -- 1912-1928 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
China -- History -- 1928-1937 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
China -- History -- Northern Expedition, 1926-1928 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
China. Lu jun Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Guo min ge ming jun Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Lee, Baldwin Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Letters Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID

History / Biographical Note

Biographical / Historical

Benjamin Waugh was admitted to Columbia University in 1917, but he later withdrew. Baldwin Lee (Traditional Chinese: 李寶榮; Simplified Chinese: 李宝荣) received his degree from the Teacher's College at Columbia University. After returning to China, he was a faculty member of the Department of Education at Lingnan University (嶺南大學) from the late 1920s to 1930s. He also served as the chairman of the department during his tenure at Lingnan University.