Rare Book & Manuscript Library

Collection of American Civil War documents, 1850-1917

Summary Information

At a Glance

Call No.: MS#1273
Bib ID 4079618 View CLIO record
Title Collection of American Civil War documents, 1850-1917
Physical Description 4 linear feet (9 boxes; 1 oversize box 1 bound volume)
Language(s) English .
Access You will need to make an appointment in advance to use this collection material in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room. You can schedule an appointment once you've submitted your request through your Special Collections Research Account.

This collection is located on-site.

This collection has no restrictions.



Selected materials cataloged; remainder arranged.



Materials relating to the American Civil War and the men who fought in it, chiefly of the Union Army.

Correspondence, manuscripts, documents, photographs, memorabilia, and printed materials. In most instances the letters are addressed to some close relative and record the daily happenings of life on the battle line, in camp or in prison. There are eleven letters from Union War veterans who lost their right arm during the war in response to an award offered by William Oland Bourne, 1819-1901, editor of "Soldier's Friend, a monthly periodical" for the best specimen of left-handed penmanship. There are eleven letters from Capt. O. Baker, Jr. about the difficulties in freighting his ship during the 1863 draft riot in New York. There are a few reports and other official documents, military passes, photographs and a collection of print copies of unusual photographs of military offic


Formerly titled "Civil War records"

Using the Collection

Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Restrictions on Access

You will need to make an appointment in advance to use this collection material in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room. You can schedule an appointment once you've submitted your request through your Special Collections Research Account.

This collection is located on-site.

This collection has no restrictions.

Terms Governing Use and Reproduction

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. The RBML maintains ownership of the physical material only. Copyright remains with the creator and his/her heirs. The responsibility to secure copyright permission rests with the patron.

Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Collection of American Civil War documents; Box and Folder; Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.


Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. Contact rbml@columbia.edu for more information.

Ownership and Custodial History

Gift of Mrs John F. Evans, 1955.

Gift of William Bridgewater, 1965.

Gift of Marjorie Hone, 1967.

Gift of Allan Nevins, 1970.

Gift of Mae Schaettle, 1970.

Gift of Mrs Eldon T. Freed, 1973.

Gift of H.L. Fellows.

Gift of Harvey V. Fondiller, 1983.

Gift of Ethical Culture-Fieldston School Archives, 1992.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Papers: Source of acquisition--Various. Method of acquisition--Purchase and gift.

G.E. Brown diary: Source of acquisition--Ethical Culture-Fieldston School Archives. Method of acquisition--Gift; Date of acquisition--12/21/1992. Accession number--M-92-12-21.

Poem by Dalzell & song by Dresser: Source of acquisition--2293B. Method of acquisition--Purchase; Date of acquisition--05/02/1995. Accession number--M-95-05-02.

13 a.l.s. from O. Baker, Jr: Source of acquisition--6758B (Friends). Method of acquisition--Purchase; Date of acquisition--05/09/1995. Accession number--M-95-05-09.

About the Finding Aid / Processing Information

Columbia University Libraries, Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Processing Information

Papers Entered in AMC 12/04/1990.

G.E. Brown diary Cataloged HR 01/13/1993.

Poem by Dalzell & song by Dresser Cataloged HR 05/17/1995.

13 a.l.s. from O. Baker, Jr Cataloged HR 06/25/1997.

Revision Description

2009-06-26 File created.

2011-11-07 EAD created by PTL

2019-05-20 EAD was imported spring 2019 as part of the ArchivesSpace Phase II migration.

2021-09-20 Changed title to Collection of American Civil War documents. kws

Subject Headings

The subject headings listed below are found in this collection. Links below allow searches at Columbia University through the Archival Collections Portal and through CLIO, the catalog for Columbia University Libraries, as well as ArchiveGRID, a catalog that allows users to search the holdings of multiple research libraries and archives.

All links open new windows.


Heading "CUL Archives:"
"CUL Collections:"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
Albums (books) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Biographies (literary works) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Caricatures Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Diaries Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Maps (documents) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Memorabilia Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Military passes Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Muster rolls Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Photographs Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Poems Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID


Heading "CUL Archives:"
"CUL Collections:"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
African Americans -- History Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Beauregard, G. T (Gustave Toutant), 1818-1893 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Bourne, Wm. Oland (William Oland), 1819-1901 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Brady, Mathew B., approximately 1823-1896 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Dalzell, James McCormick, 1838-1924 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Disabled veterans -- Rehabilitation Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Draft Riot, New York, N.Y., 1863 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Dresser, Paul, 1858-1906 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Editors Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Grant, Ulysses S (Ulysses Simpson), 1822-1885 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Merchant mariners Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Penmanship, Left-handed Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Rhodes, Elisha Hunt, 1842-1917 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Soldiers Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Songs Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Supercargos Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
United States. Army -- Military life Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Veterans Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Welles, Gideon, 1802-1878 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID

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Series I: Correspondence and Manuscripts, Catalogued

Box 1 Adams Family

Box 1 Adams, Charles (6)

Box 1 Adams, Frank G. (179)

Box 2 Adams, George W. (300)

Box 2 Adams, John (5)

Box 2 Adams, Seth (2)

Box 2 Andrus, Clark N. (3)

Box 2 Ash, Nancy (l)

Box 2 Avriett, Martha (1)

Box 3 Badollet, Vigo (1)

Box 3 Balch, H.H. (1)

Box 3 Baker, O., Jr.

Box 3 Barchi, C.A. (1)

Box 3 Barnes, George C. (6)

Box 3 Battey, James L. (16)

Box 3 Beardon, Eliphus (1)

Box 3 Beauregard, G.T. (1)

Box 3 Beckwith, Capt. W.W. (7)

Box 3 Berry, Henry (2)

Box 3 Boggs, A. M, (1)

Box 3 Bond, Hiram Gilbert (1)

Box 3 Borough, H.C. (l)

Box 3 Bourne, William Oland (11)

Box 3 Boyd (?), W.H.P. (1)

Box 3 Brewster, James (4)

Box 3 Britten, Joseph W. (1)

Box 3 Brown, George Edgar

Box 3 Butte, L. P. (1)

Box 3 Chapman, W. (1)

Box 3 Coan, Lt. (?) (1)

Box 3 Coleman, R. L. (1)

Box 3 Cook, Willard (2)

Box 3 Coomes, James M. (3)

Box 3 Creasman, Nancy (1)

Box 3 Crothers, Samuel D. (1)

Box 3 Crowley, J. D. (1)

Box 3 Daily, S. (1)

Box 3 Davis, John H. (8)

Box 3 Dominguez, Vincente J. (1)

Box 3 Drown, Joshua (13)

Box 3 Eames, Albert (7)

Box 3 Ewing, W.L. & Co. (1)

Box 3 Fauntleroy, Mrs. J. (1)

Box 3 Flagg, Albert (7)

Box 3 Flagg, Charles B. (49)

Box 3 Foster, Abiel (1)

Box 3 Gardner, William (l)

Box 3 Gilman, John E. (1)

Box 3 Greene, Dana (l)

Box 3 Heaton, Jacob (l)

Box 3 Hendrick, James (1)

Box 3 Henries, H. C. (l)

Box 3 Hidden, Emily P. (3)

Box 3 Holmes, Alexander (2)

Box 3 Huntley, Ambrode A. (98)

Box 4 Hulse, Daniel (228)

Box 4 Jarvis, T. (1)

Box 5 Johnson, Adelbert (21)

Box 5 Johnston, R.M.I.C. (1)

Box 5 Jones, I. E. (1)

Box 5 Jordan, M. A. (l)

Box 5 Joynes, Edward T. (l)

Box 5 Kelley, E. M. (57)

Box 5 Kendall, E.M. (27)

Box 5 Kent, Evarts B. (l)

Box 5 Knapp, Arthur M. (l)

Box 5 Ladd, George W. (10)

Box 5 Lafever, Augustus (4)

Box 5 Lake, Israel (l4)

Box 5 Lawrence, John Tharp (1)

Box 5 Little, J. H. (1)

Box 5 Lovejoy, Benjamin G. (3)

Box 5 McDonald, John (23)

Box 5 McEwan, Wm. G. (1)

Box 5 McGill, Thomas (22)

Box 6 Paddock, Mary S. (1)

Box 6 Patrick, Brig. Gen M.P. (2)

Box 6 Perry, John (l)

Box 6 Perry, Raymond (1)

Box 6 Phillips, Dude (l)

Box 6 Pierson, John and Ruth (4)

Box 6 Pierson, Julia Ann Enoch (10)

Box 6 Pierson Family (9)

Box 6 Pitkin, Capt. P.P. (30)

Box 6 Place, Nancy (1)

Box 6 Plummer, Charles H. (2)

Box 6 Prescott, Samuel H. (1)

Box 6 Price, H. G. (l)

Box 6 Ramsey, E. D. (l)

Box 6 Read, Elijah (91)

Box 6 Read, Nathan (52)

Box 6 Rhodes, Gen. Elisha H (16)

Box 6 Ricketts, Frances Ann Lawrence (Mrs. James B.(6)

Box 6 Rivers, N.H. (1)

Box 6 Rodman

Box 6 Samuels, Green B. (1)

Box 6 Shaw, James, Jr. (3)

Box 6 Snyder, Thomas J. (1)

Box 6 Spofford, Florence P. (2)

Box 6 Steinwehr, Adolf von (l)

Box 6 Suratt, A. J. (2)

Box 6 Synch, J. M. (l)

Box 6 Taylor, Seneca W. (h)

Box 6 Thompson, William S. (1)

Box 6 Triminal, T. J. (l)

Box 6 Throop, George H.

Box 6 Tripp, Capt. Robt. C. (l)

Box 6 Tunholm, G. A. (l)

Box 6 Turner, Thomas (22)

Box 6 U.S. Civil War. Autographs (58p.)

Box 6 Vars, N. B. (7)

Box 6 Wallace, Elliot M. (8)

Box 6 Weaver, Caius A. (1)

Box 6 Welles, Gideon (l)

Box 6 White, Cyrus (2)

Box 6 White, Edward D. (3)

Box 6 Whitson, Mrs. G. W. (1)

Box 6 Wilson, Micajah R. (1)

Box 6 Winder, John H. (3)

Box 6 Winter, William (l)

Box 6 ------, Ebenezer (l)

Box 6 ------, George (1)

Series II: Arranged Material

Box 7 Biographical sketches of two Civil War Soldiers: John Adair McDowell and Francis Markoe Cummins

Box 7 Broadsides and newspapers

Box 7 Confederate loan certificate, 1861

Box 7 Maps

Box 7 Memorabilia

Box 7 Military orders and reports

Box 7 Military passes, receipts and currency forms

Box 7 Miscellaneous documents

Box 7 Miscellaneous letters

Box 7 Miscellaneous military communications

Box 7 Miscellaneous personal letters, 1859-1866

Box 7 Muster rolls, l86l

Box 8 Arkansas Eastern District. St. Francis River Command

Box 8 Military and civil records, 1860-1866. 3 manuscripts vols.:

Box 8 1 vol. accounts

Box 8 2 vols. military records

Box 8 See also a photograph album in Box 9

Box 9 Photographs

Box 9 Photograph albums – 2

Box 9 Pictorial envelopes

Box 9 Print copies of photographs of Military Officers - 82

Flat Box 571 Confederacy in Petticoats, Cartoon of Jefferson Davis

Flat Box 599 Bound volume: Letters received by Isaac Pennypacker, 1899-1902 relating to his biography of General George W. Meade, General Meade, Appleton, 1901. (ca.186 items) The letters are in two categories:, 1899-1902

1: Relating to the problems of publishing

2: From relatives, friends, etc., offering comment, correction, or addition to material published in the book. Many of the incidents described in these letters were witnessed by the writers.

Series III: Correspondence of General Isaac B. Pennypacker of Haddonfield, New Jersey

Flat Box 599 Collection of 186 letters and notes received by Pennypecker, 1899 to 1902 with a few copies of his own for clarity. The total collection concerns Pennypacker"s civil war biography of General George D Meade "General Meade" published by Appleton in 1901 in the "Great Commander Series," under the general editorship of James Grant Wilson. The collection breaks down into to categories:, 1899, 1902, 1901

1. Letters from members of General Mead's family, veterans of the same Civil War campaigns, and former associates of General Meade These make corrections, comment, clarify incidents or are inclined to argue about Pennypecker's interpretation of battles and campaigns, especially when they feel that their hero or former regiment has been slighted. Thus here we get first hand unpublished accounts of many controversial Civil War incidents.

2. Letters relative to the problems of publishing the book. Correspondence from members of the firm of Appleton, reviewers, etc., concerning such things as editing, procurement of maps, sales, royalties, advertising, reviews.

Series IV: Prints of photographs by Mathew Brady, circa 1860-1864

Prints of photographs by Mathew Brady, c. 1860-1864. Silver prints, 13.5 x 16.5 mounted on board 16" x 20". Each print from the original Brady negative, printed circa 1950, from negatives which were subsequently donated to the Smithsonian Institution.

Entries for the identified portraits have been added to the General Portrait Collection file. Gift of Harvey V. Fondiller, 1983.

Flat Box 682 Arthur, Prince, Duke of Connaught

Flat Box 682 Bodisco, Mrs.

Flat Box 682 Boutwell, George

Flat Box 682 Bull Run

Flat Box 682 Burying the Dead

Flat Box 682 Captain of Gun Boat "Hunchback"

Flat Box 682 Cartridge Manufactory

Flat Box 682 Catacazy, Madame

Flat Box 682 Custer, George, General

Flat Box 682 Factory Hospital, Fredericksburg

Flat Box 682 Fairfax Station

Flat Box 682 Fessenden, William

Flat Box 682 First Connecticut Battery

Flat Box 682 Fish, Hamilton

Flat Box 682 Fourth Massachusetts Battery

Flat Box 682 Gage, Mr., and Brother

Flat Box 682 Grant, Jesse and Nelly

Flat Box 682 Grant, Ulysses S., General, Seated

Flat Box 682 Grant, Ulysses S., General, Standing

Flat Box 682 Grant, Ulysses S., President

Flat Box 682 Hancock, Winfield, General, Seated

Flat Box 683 Hancock, Winfield, General, Standing

Flat Box 683 Harwood, Miss

Flat Box 683 Hoar, Ebenezer

Flat Box 683 Hut; Eleventh Rhode Island V. M.

Flat Box 683 In the trenches at Fredericksburg

Flat Box 683 Lincoln, Abraham, Seated

Flat Box 683 Lincoln, Abraham, Standing

Flat Box 683 Logan, John Alexander, and Family

Flat Box 683 Machine Shops, Alexandria

Flat Box 683 Officers' quarters

Flat Box 683 Robeson, George

Flat Box 683 Shaffer, Mrs.

Flat Box 683 Sheridan, Philip, General

Flat Box 683 Stanton, Edwin

Flat Box 683 Unidentified Child

Flat Box 683 Unidentified Lady

Flat Box 683 Unidentified Little Girl

Flat Box 683 Unidentified Young Woman