Rare Book & Manuscript Library
 

Justine Wise Polier papers, 1970-1976

Summary Information

At a Glance

Call No.: MS#1015
Bib ID 4079230 View CLIO record
Creator(s) Polier, Justine Wise, 1903-1987
Title Justine Wise Polier papers, 1970-1976
Physical Description 4.17 linear feet (10 document boxes)
Language(s) English .
Access

This collection is located off-site. You will need to request this material at least three business days in advance to use the collection in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room.

This collection has no restrictions.

Arrangement

Arrangement

This collection is arranged in one series: Series I: Justine Wise Polier papers.

Description

Summary

Legal briefs, opinions, depositions, notes, memoranda, correspondence, and miscellaneous printed material of Polier. The materials are primarily photocopies of court documents which Polier assembled in the course of monitoring legal precedents for the Children's Defense Fund and the Field Foundation. Among the topics covered in the files are abortion, discrimination, education, foster care, juvenile justice, mental health, and parental rights.

Using the Collection

Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Restrictions on Access

This collection is located off-site. You will need to request this material at least three business days in advance to use the collection in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room.

This collection has no restrictions.

Terms Governing Use and Reproduction

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. The RBML maintains ownership of the physical material only. Copyright remains with the creator and his/her heirs. The responsibility to secure copyright permission rests with the patron.

Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Justine Wise Polier papers; Box and Folder; Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.

Related Materials

Additional Juliet Wise Polier can be found in the following collections: Carnegie Council on Ethics & International Affairs records, 1914-1996, Charles W. Poletti papers, 1920-1991 (MS#1013), Gerald E. Markowitz and David Rosner Papers, 1923-1999 (MS#1615), Herbert H. Lehman Papers, 1878-2002 (MS#0763), School of Social Work Records, 1898-circa 2000s (UA#0099), and Wiltwyck School for Boys records, 1942-1981 (MS#1418).

Reproduction Note

Type of reproduction--Photocopies

About the Finding Aid / Processing Information

Columbia University Libraries, Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Processing Information

Cataloged Christina Hilton Fenn 08/--/1989.

Revision Description

2020-04-10 PDF replaced with full finding aid (JR)

Subject Headings

The subject headings listed below are found in this collection. Links below allow searches at Columbia University through the Archival Collections Portal and through CLIO, the catalog for Columbia University Libraries, as well as ArchiveGRID, a catalog that allows users to search the holdings of multiple research libraries and archives.

All links open new windows.

Subject

Heading "CUL Archives:"
"Portal"
"CUL Collections:"
"CLIO"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
"ArchivedGRID"
Abortion -- New York (State) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Children -- Legal status, laws, etc Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Children's Defense Fund (U.S.) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Civil rights -- New York (State) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Courts -- New York (State) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Courts -- New York (State) -- New York Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Discrimination -- New York (State) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Education -- New York (State) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Field Foundation (New York, N.Y.) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Foster home care -- Law and legislation -- New York (State) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Judges Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Juvenile justice, Administration of -- New York (State) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Law -- New York (State) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Mental health laws -- New York (State) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
New York (State). Domestic Relations Court (New York) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
New York (State). Family Court (City of New York) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Parent and child (Law) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID

History / Biographical Note

Biographical Note

Justice in the Domestic Relations Court of New York City, 1934-1962, Judge of the New York State Family Court, 1962-1973. Polier was affiliated with the Children's Defense Fund and the Field Foundation (Barnard A.B., 1924).

Justine Wise Polier (1903-1987) was born in Portland, Oregon to Louise Waterman Wise, founder of the Free Synagogue Child Adoption Committee (1916) and Rabbi Stephen S. Wise, a leading Jewish communal figure and founding member of both the NAACP (1914) and the American Jewish Congress (1918). She attended Bryn Mawr College from 1920-1922 and Radcliffe College from 1922-1923, before finally completing her BA at Barnard College in 1924. She then attended Yale Law School and received her degree in 1928.

From 1929-1934, Wise Polier worked for the Workmen's Compensation Counsel, and in 1935, New York Mayor Fiorello LaGuardia appointed her judge in the Domestic Relations Court (now known as the New York State Family Court). At this time, Justine Wise Polier, only 32 years old, was the first woman to hold a judgeship in New York--in fact, the first woman in New York State to hold judicial office above magistrate--a position which she maintained for 38 years.

For more than 30 years she was president of Louise Wise Services, the adoption agency founded by her mother which became a voluntary agency serving children and families. She was also vice president of the Citizens Committee for Children, founder and president of the Wiltwyck School for Boys -- the first nonsectarian and interracial agency that cared for and educated neglected and troubled youth in New York--, board member and later president of the Field Foundation and a member of the Institute of judicial Administration of the American Bar Association. After she retired, she headed the office of juvenile justice of the Children's Defense Fund. The distinguished jurist and activist for children's rights and civil liberties died in 1987.

In 1989 Columbia University established the annual Justine Wise Polier Memorial Lecture. Each year the lecture, sponsored by the School of Social Work, the Law School and the psychiatry department's division of child psychiatry, was given by a distinguished expert in law, child advocacy or mental health.

Due to COVID-19 restrictions, only CU affiliates may view materials on-site. YOU MUST REQUEST AN APPOINTMENT BEFORE PLACING REQUESTS. Email rbml@library.columbia.edu to request an appointment. You may submit a request for materials once your appointment is confirmed. Affiliates will login with their uni and password, and need to register the first time they make a request.


Series I: Justine Wise Polier papers



Box 1 Abortion


Box 1 Adoption



Box 2 Aid to Families with Dependent Children


Box 2 Banishment


Box 2 Contempt Powers


Box 2 Counsel, Right to


Box 2 Cruel and Unusual Punishment



Box 3 Cruel and Unusual Treatment


Discrimination


Box 3 Wilder vs Sugarman



Box 4 Player vs Alabama


Box 4 Education


Box 4 Public Welfare (Roe vs Norton)


Education


Box 4 General


Box 4 Corporal Punishment



Box 5 Handicapped


Box 5 School Suspensions arid Exclusions


Foster Care


Box 5 General


Box 5 Payments to Non-Financially Liable Relatives


Box 5 Rights of Relations



Box 6 Rights of Parents


Box 6 Funding


Box 6 Indian Children


Juvenile Justice


Box 6 Detention



Box 7 Due Process


Box 7 Indefinite or Extended Sentence


Box 7 Jails and Lock-ups


Box 7 Treatment, Right to


Mental Health


Box 7 Mental Retardation



Box 8 Right of Patients to Commit Voluntarily


Box 8 Miscellaneous


Box 8 Parental Rights



Box 9 Parental Rights


Box 9 Persons in Need of Supervision


Box 9 Placement, Out of State



Box 10 Treatment, Right to


Box 10 Waiver