Rare Book & Manuscript Library

Herbert Lionel Matthews papers, 1909-2002, bulk 1937-1976

Series I: Correspondence, 1938-1973

This series contains correspondence, between Matthews and numerous political, intellectual, and artistic figures of the twentieth-century world, that documents Matthews' journalism and the relationships he forged with many of these individuals through his work. The bulk of the correspondence, which also includes interview transcripts and notes, is related to Matthews' reporting and editorials on Latin America, and particularly Cuba, for the New York Times in the 1950s and 1960s. This includes most notably Matthews' notes from his famous interview with Fidel Castro in the Sierra Maestra in 1957, an interview with Fulgencio Batista, and correspondence with Ernest Hemingway. Other correspondence related to Matthews' coverage of Latin America includes communications with various Latin American presidents, such as Romulo Betancourt of Venezuela, Francois Duvalier of Haiti, and Juscelino Kubitschek of Brazil.

The majority of correspondence in this series is arranged alphabetically by author, but several folders are arranged chronologically by year. These folders contain numerous letters to Matthews regarding Cuba, and his reporting and writings on Cuba and Latin America. Included here are letters from Ruby Hart Phillips, a Times correspondent in Cuba. The last folder in this series contains photocopies of correspondence with notable individuals, including Eleanor Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Anthony Eden, and Nelson Rockefeller.

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Box 1 Folder 1 Acheson, Dean, 1953-1959

Box 1 Folder 2 Baker, Carlos, 1966-1967

Box 1 Folder 3 Batista, Fulgencio, 1957

Box 1 Folder 4 Betancourt, Romulo, 1955-1957

Box 1 Folder 5 Bowers, Claude, 1951-1952

Box 1 Folder 6 Castro, Fidel, 1955-1962

Box 1 Folder 7 Churchill, Winston, 1948-1954

Box 1 Folder 8 Croce, Benedetto, 1943-1946

Box 1 Folder 9 Duvalier, Francois, 1957

Box 1 Folder 10 Eaton, Cyrus, 1969

Box 1 Folder 11 Frankel, Max, 1966

Box 1 Folder 12 Guevara, Ernesto, 1961

Box 1 Folder 13 Hemingway, Ernest, 1938-1964

Box 1 Folder 14 Keller, Fred, 1938-1954

Box 1 Folder 15 Kubitschek, Juscelino, 1965

Box 1 Folder 16 Lippman, Walter, 1959-1961

Box 1 Folder 17 MacLeish, Archibald, 1966

Box 1 Folder 18 Marín, Luis Muñoz, 1957-1964

Box 1 Folder 19 Miró Cardona, José, 1958

Box 1 Folder 20 Peter, Prince of Greece, 1947

Box 1 Folder 21 Quintanilla, Luis, 1938

Box 1 Folder 22 Reston, James, 1960

Box 1 Folder 23 Sulzberger, Arthur Hays, 1937-1939

Box 1 Folder 24 Thomas, Norman M., 1957-1964

Box 1 Folder 25 to 28 1951-1958, (4 Folders)

Box 2 Folder 1 to 2 1959-1973, (2 Folders)

Box 2 Folder 3 Photocopies, 1943-1958