Rare Book & Manuscript Library
 

John Bates Clark papers, 1848-1955, bulk 1874-1938

Summary Information

Abstract

This collection consists of the papers of John Bates Clark, a prominent United States economist, educator, and activist for international peace.

At a Glance

Call No.: MS# 1419
Bib ID 4078613 View CLIO record
Creator(s) Clark, John Bates, 1847-1938
Title John Bates Clark papers, 1848-1955, bulk 1874-1938
Physical Description 7 linear feet (14 boxes)
Language(s) English .
Access

This collection is located off-site. You will need to request this material at least three business days in advance to use the collection in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library Reading Room. Please consult the Rare Book and Manuscript Library for further information.

This collection has no restrictions.

Arrangement

Arrangement

Arranged in five series.

Description

Scope and Content

John Bates Clark is best-known as an economist and teacher, and these aspects of his career account for the majority of the material in this collection. Student notes, research notes, newspaper clippings, manuscript drafts, published articles, and correspondence between Clark and his colleagues document an academic career that covered more than sixty years and gained Clark world-wide prominence. In addition, a large assortment of lecture notes illustrates Clark's development as an educator during these years. Most of the notes (both research and lecture) and the correspondence are hand-written on loose pages. The drafts are a mix of hand-written and typed manuscripts, while the published articles appear most frequently as individual pamphlets which were arranged together in scrapbooks.

In the meantime, personal documents, correspondence, obituaries, and memorials demonstrate not only Clark's life outside of academia but also the effect he had on the lives of his family and friends. Clark's personal documents vary widely in nature, but a representative sample includes Clark's 1872 passport, two US patents which he shared, a memorial pamphlet for his colleague George Huntington, several diaries (including an 1857 one belonging to Clark's father) and account books, and the manuscript for a children's story. There is also hand-written and typed material related to Clark family history and genealogy, including family trees and several drafts of a written history. The personal correspondence in the collection represents many friends and family. Finally, there are a number of obituaries for John Bates Clark, clipped from newspapers and journals throughout the United States.

Please note that comments written by John Maurice Clark (one of John Bates Clark's sons) appear occasionally throughout the collection. Also note that all newspaper clippings appearing in the collection are facsimiles made due to the fragile conditions of the originals. Although their material remained together, scrapbooks were deconstructed for preservation purposes. Material which had previously been part of a scrapbook is indicated both in the arrangement notes below and the folder titles.

  • Series I: Correspondence, 1875-1955

    Series I consists primarily of letters written to John Bates Clark over the course of his professional life, and is generally arranged in alphabetical order by sender. The major exception to this pattern is that letters of condolence sent to John Bates Clark's wife, Myra Almeda Smith Clark, and sons, John Maurice and Alden Hyde Clark upon John Bates Clark's death are arranged at the end of the series. Further correspondence of this nature can be found in the John Bates Clark Memorial Scrapbook, which is located in Series IV, Subseries 2. Please note that in addition to letters written to John Bates and Myra Clark, Series I also includes a substantial number of letters written by them to others.

    Befitting a public academic of Clark's stature, the correspondents represented in Series I embody a litany of prominent academics and public figures. These include Henry Carter Adams, Edward Bellamy, Nicholas Murray Butler, Eugen von Böhm-Bawerk, Joseph Dorfman, Richard T. Ely, Robert Erskine Ely, Franklin H. Giddings, Alvin S. Johnson, Henry L. Moore, Robert Henry Inglis Palgrave, Simon N. Patten, Baron Yoshiro Sakatani, Joseph Schumpeter, Edwin R.A. Seligman, James T. Shotwell, Ida Tarbell, Frank Taussig, Francis Amasa Walker, and Woodrow Wilson, among others. In addition, there is a large volume of correspondence between John Bates Clark and various family members, including Myra Clark, his daughter Helen Converse Clark Lancaster, and his sister Elizabeth "Lillie" Huntington Clark Lyman.

  • Series II: Unpublished Scholarly Materials, circa 1865-1936

    Series II provides a view into the life of John Bates Clark as a student, teacher, theorist, and public figure. Consisting in overwhelming proportion of hand-written notes from Clark's college years to his death, this series represents more than sixty years of academic production from Clark. It ranges from written lectures prepared for formal courses to notes and thoughts which Clark literally scribbled on the backs of envelopes.

  • Series III: Published Scholarly Materials, circa 1880-1936

    Series III comprises material related to the extensive bibliography of published work produced by John Bates Clark. It includes drafts of articles and book chapters, a selection of published material, and a number of newspaper clippings concerning John Bates Clark and his work.

  • Series IV: Biographical Materials, 1848-1957, bulk 1868-1939

    Series IV consists of material related to John Bates Clark's personal life, his death and legacy, and Clark family history and genealogy.

  • Series V: Photographs, 1920-1938

    Series V is composed of three picture-postcards sent by Myra Almeda Smith Clark to John Bates Clark and two matted photographs of John Bates Clark's interment service.

  • List of Correspondents

Using the Collection

Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Restrictions on Access

This collection is located off-site. You will need to request this material at least three business days in advance to use the collection in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library Reading Room. Please consult the Rare Book and Manuscript Library for further information.

This collection has no restrictions.

Terms Governing Use and Reproduction

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish material from the collection must be requested from the Curator of Manuscripts, Rare Book and Manuscript Library (RBML). The RBML approves permission to publish that which it physically owns; the responsibility to secure copyright permission rests with the patron.

Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); John Bates Clark papers; Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.

Related Materials

The Carnegie Endowment for International Peace Records at Columbia University, Rare Book and Manuscript Library, contain voluminous documents pertaining to John Bates Clark, including correspondence and administrative records dating from his time as Director of the CEIP's Division of Economics and History.

Ownership and Custodial History

Gift of John Maurice Clark, 1954.

About the Finding Aid / Processing Information

Columbia University Libraries, Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Processing Information

Processed Nicholas Patrick Osborne (GSAS 2012). Finding aid written by Nicholas Patrick Osborne in August 2007 2007.

Finding aid Written by Nicholas Patrick Osborne (GSAS 2012) August 2007.

Collection is processed to folder level.

Revision Description

2008-12-02 File created.

2009/01/15 xml document instange created by Patrick Lawlor

2009/01/15 xml document instange created by Catherine N. Carson

2019-05-20 EAD was imported spring 2019 as part of the ArchivesSpace Phase II migration.

Subject Headings

The subject headings listed below are found in this collection. Links below allow searches at Columbia University through the Archival Collections Portal and through CLIO, the catalog for Columbia University Libraries, as well as ArchiveGRID, a catalog that allows users to search the holdings of multiple research libraries and archives.

All links open new windows.

Genre/Form

Heading "CUL Archives:"
"Portal"
"CUL Collections:"
"CLIO"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
"ArchivedGRID"
Articles Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Essays Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Lecture notes Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Photographs Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID

Subject

Heading "CUL Archives:"
"Portal"
"CUL Collections:"
"CLIO"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
"ArchivedGRID"
Böhm-Bawerk, Eugen von, 1851-1914 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Division of Economics and History Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Clark, John Bates, 1847-1938 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Clark, John Maurice, 1884-1963 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
College teachers Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Columbia University -- Faculty Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Economics Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Economics -- Study and teaching Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Economists Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Ely, Richard T (Richard Theodore), 1854-1943 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Ely, Robert Erskine, 1861- Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Giddings, Franklin Henry, 1855-1931 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Johnson, Alvin Saunders, 1874-1971 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Marshall, Alfred, 1842-1924 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Moore, Henry Ludwell, 1869-1958 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Sakatani, Yoshio, 1863-1941 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Schumpeter, Joseph A., 1883-1950 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Scrapbooks Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Walker, Francis Amasa, 1840-1897 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
War -- Economic aspects Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Wealth Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID

History / Biographical Note

Biographical Note

Professor of Economics, Columbia University, 1895-1923, and Director of the Division of Economics and History, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 1911-1923. When John Bates Clark turned eighty years old in 1927, the occasion was marked with extraordinary aplomb. Eighty guests from Clark's professional and personal life were invited to a celebratory dinner, including such notables as Nicholas Murray Butler, Irving Fisher, Franklin H. Giddings, Jacob H. Hollander, Dwight W. Morrow, Edwin R.A. Seligman, and Rexford Tugwell. A festschrift was published to mark the occasion, featuring essays by prominent economists such as Hollander, Seligman, Richard T. Ely, and Joseph Schumpeter. The American Economic Review published a special supplementary issue devoted to the celebration. At 80, John Bates Clark was a living legend in the world of economics. The path he had taken to that point was one filled with notable achievements.

Born and raised in Providence, Rhode Island, Clark entered Brown University in 1865, ultimately transferring to Amherst College in 1867. Clark quickly left the school, however, to attend to his family's business when his father began to suffer the severe effects of tuberculosis. It was only upon returning to Amherst in 1871 after his father's death that Clark took a course on mental and moral philosophy taught by Julius Seelye which he wrote of as the spark that lit a fire to his interest in the formal study of political economy. Due in part to Seelye's encouragement, Clark decided to pursue this field as a graduate student in Europe where he studied political economy at the University of Heidelberg under the eminent German economist Karl Knies from 1874-76. During this period, Clark also found time to marry Vassar graduate Myra Almeda Smith in 1875 (they went on to have four children--Alden Hyde, Frederick Huntington, Helen Clark Lancaster, and John Maurice) and to attend a summer term in Zurich in 1876. He received his PhD from Heidelberg in 1877.

Upon returning home to Minnesota (the Clark family had relocated there during the illness of Clark's father), Clark became part of what would become known as "the first faculty" of Carleton College, at which he had briefly lectured in 1875. During his tenure there as Professor of History and Political Economy from 1877-1882, Clark taught Thorstein Veblen (among others) and began to publish the essays in the Yale Review which would form the basis of his first book, The Philosophy of Wealth (1885). Clark then went on to teach at Smith College as Professor of Political Science from 1882-1893. From 1892-1895 he was both Professor of Political Economy at Amherst and a visiting lecturer at the Johns Hopkins University. In the fall of 1895, he finally settled at Columbia University, where he served as Professor of Political Economy in the Faculty of Political Science until he became a Professor Emeritus in 1923.

By electing to pursue graduate study in Germany in the 1870s and then return to the United States to teach, Clark placed himself at the leading edge of a movement of American academics who pursued similar courses of study and employment and in the process revolutionized the state of American academics. For Clark and those like him, this revolution consisted of both the reorganization of the American university system (including the introduction of rigorous distinctions between fields of study, creating permanent faculty, and incorporating primary research into curricula) and the professionalization of academic disciplines. In pursuit of these goals, Clark was a driving force and founding member (along with several other economists of similar professional weight, such as Henry Carter Adams, Richard T. Ely, Francis Amasa Walker, and Charles F. Dunbar) of the American Economics Association. Formed in 1885, Clark eventually served as the AEA's third president from 1894-1895. From 1895-1911 he was the editor of the Political Science Quarterly.

Clark owed much of his success as a leader in the fields of economics and political economy to the reception of his early works. In 1885's The Philosophy of Wealth, Clark strongly defended the place of theoretical discussions in political economy at a time when abstract work was frowned upon, declaring that "if obscurity still hangs overprinciples. . . the removal of it, besides having an incalculable value in itself, will afford a welcome supplement to directly practical work" [emphasis added]. This insistence on a theoretical grounding for economics was intimately connected to the static-dynamic model which Clark based nearly all of his work on, the premise of which was that a national or international economy was so complicated that it was desirable to first establish relationships between various factors in an ideal frozen or "static" state, and only then to attempt to derive the economic laws governing a more realistic "dynamic" state which recognized change over time as a factor.

In The Philosophy of Wealth, Clark also began to develop the idea that "wealth"--in an economic sense--could only be measured by material goods of whose value all could more or less agree and which could be transferred from one person to another. Clark continued to develop his conception of the relationship between social value and material wealth in later groundbreaking works, such as his 1888 extended essay "Capital and Its Earnings." In this piece, Clark demonstrated that interest earned on capital bore a direct relationship to the amount of wealth that capital was able to produce. In writings like "Capital" as well as later works such as 1899's The Distribution of Wealth and 1907's The Essentials of Economic Theory, Clark developed a theoretical model that for the first time identified capital, wages, and land as economic factors which were essentially similar because their values were defined in direct proportion to their overall productivity. Along the way, he also helped lay the foundation for what would become known as the Neo-Classical school of economists by insisting that the world economy contained a fixed supply of capital. This last point was became the crux of a long-running debated between Eugen von Böhm-Bawerk and the so-called Austrian School.

A fundamental idea inherent in Clark's studies of wealth and value was that the pursuit of wealth might lead not only to the transfer of wealth from one individual to another, but also its appropriation or perversion by artificial means. This idea clearly troubled the religious Clark, who rooted a free-market economic theory in an ethics oriented around altruism, cooperation and mutual benefit, themes which were developed as early as The Philosophy of Wealth but continued to mark his career. Not long after World War I, Clark wrote in this vein that "the greatest problem for the world to solve, concerns itself not with national boundaries nor even with national debts, but with this deeply rooted policy of restricting production in the hope that the men who practice it may thrive at the expense of others."

This insistence that an essentially free market would thrive and benefit all if everyone agreed to play by certain rules resulted in a series of works such as 1901's The Control of Trusts by the Natural Method and 1914's Social Justice Without Socialism, in which Clark clearly identified the problems of unethical business practices plaguing the industrializing world yet was hamstrung by his insistence on free-market liberalism to offer any solutions more concrete than an insistence on the observance of his ethical standards. But while these works did little to advance any original economic theory or policy, they nevertheless provided Clark with further rhetorical ammunition in pursuit of his other great passion: the advent of world-wide peace.

In this pursuit, Clark was active throughout much of his life. He was a member of the Lake Mohonk Conference on International Arbitration and a frequent speaker at its annual meetings from 1895-1916. He was also an active leader of the New York Peace Society in the 1910s and 1920s, and he served as a Vice President of the League of Nations Union. Perhaps the influential position Clark held in his pursuit of international peace was as the first Director of the Division of Economics and History at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Clark's successor, James T. Shotwell, described the division's job as "study[ing] the nature and the consequences of war and the interplay of the forces of war and peace in modern civilization," and Clark pursued this study in the same way that he pursued his economic interests: with a morally-guided pursuit of a theoretical understanding that might pave the way for practical policy. The crowning achievement of Clark's tenure from 1911-1923 at the Carnegie Endowment was his conception and original organization of the group of international scholars whose inter-disciplinary studies eventually became the multi-volume and multi-decade Economic and Social History of the World War. The urgent nature of this and similar work in Clark's mind was evident in his last book, A Tender of Peace (1935). Published when Clark was 88 years old and just three years before his death, it continued his record of insisting that international cooperation was the only chance that nations had to avoid impending world war.

Throughout his long career, Clark was granted a plethora of honors, including honorary memberships in both the Austrian Economic Society and the Royal Swedish Academy of Science. He received honorary Doctor of Laws degrees from Amherst, Princeton, Columbia, and Christiana (now Oslo) University in Norway, an honorary PhD from Amherst, and an honorary Doctor of Political Science degree from the University of Tubingen in Germany. In 1947, the American Economics Association named one of its highest honors--awarded to "that American economist under the age of forty who is adjudged to have made the most significant contribution to economic thought and knowledge"--the John Bates Clark Medal. These honors and many more bear witness to the high regard in which Clark was held by his colleagues in the United States and internationally.

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Series I: Correspondence, 1875-1955

Series I consists primarily of letters written to John Bates Clark over the course of his professional life, and is generally arranged in alphabetical order by sender. The major exception to this pattern is that letters of condolence sent to John Bates Clark's wife, Myra Almeda Smith Clark, and sons, John Maurice and Alden Hyde Clark upon John Bates Clark's death are arranged at the end of the series. Further correspondence of this nature can be found in the John Bates Clark Memorial Scrapbook, which is located in Series IV, Subseries 2. Please note that in addition to letters written to John Bates and Myra Clark, Series I also includes a substantial number of letters written by them to others.

Befitting a public academic of Clark's stature, the correspondents represented in Series I embody a litany of prominent academics and public figures. These include Henry Carter Adams, Edward Bellamy, Nicholas Murray Butler, Eugen von Böhm-Bawerk, Joseph Dorfman, Richard T. Ely, Robert Erskine Ely, Franklin H. Giddings, Alvin S. Johnson, Henry L. Moore, Robert Henry Inglis Palgrave, Simon N. Patten, Baron Yoshiro Sakatani, Joseph Schumpeter, Edwin R.A. Seligman, James T. Shotwell, Ida Tarbell, Frank Taussig, Francis Amasa Walker, and Woodrow Wilson, among others. In addition, there is a large volume of correspondence between John Bates Clark and various family members, including Myra Clark, his daughter Helen Converse Clark Lancaster, and his sister Elizabeth "Lillie" Huntington Clark Lyman.



Box 1 Folder 1 A, 1882-1939


Box 1 Folder 2 B, 1886-1939


Box 1 Folder 3 Bo¨hm-Bawerk, Eugen von, 1889-1927


Box 1 Folder 4 Butler, Nicholas Murray, 1901-1929


Box 1 Folder 5 C through Clark, J. Edmund, 1904-1938


Box 1 Folder 6 Clark, Charlotte Huntington, 1898-1903


Box 1 Folder 7-8 Clark, John Bates to Others, 1891-1936, (2 Folders)


Box 1 Folder 9 Clark, John Bates to Clark, Charlotte Huntington, 1903-1904


Box 1 Folder 10-11 Clark, John Bates to Lyman, Elizabeth Huntington Clark, 1903-1908, (2 Folders)



Box 2 Folder 1 Clark, John Bates to Lyman, Elizabeth Huntington Clark, 1910


Box 2 Folder 2 Clark, John Bates II - F, 1886-1938


Box 2 Folder 3 Clark, Myra Almeda Smith to Others, 1906-1921


Box 2 Folder 4 Ely, Richard T., 1886-1910


Box 2 Folder 5 Ely, Robert Erskine, 1903-1921


Box 2 Folder 6 G, 1886-1906, 1927-1931, 1886-1906, 1927-1931


Box 2 Folder 7 Giddings, Franklin, 1887-1928


Box 2 Folder 8 Gide, Charles, 1888-1894


Box 2 Folder 9 H, 1894-1930


Box 2 Folder 10 I through J, 1886-1921


Box 2 Folder 11 Johnson, Alvin S., 1901-1929


Box 2 Folder 12 K through L, 1885-1936


Box 2 Folder 13 Lancaster, Helen Converse Clark, 1914-1916


Box 2 Folder 14 Lyman, Elizabeth Huntington Clark, 1875-1913


Box 2 Folder 15 M, 1886-1939


Box 2 Folder 16 Marshall, Alfred, 1886-1902


Box 2 Folder 17 Miyajima, Tsunao, 1927-1935


Box 2 Folder 18-19 Moore, Henry L., 1894-1936, (2 Folders)



Box 3 Folder 1 N through P, 1901-1930


Box 3 Folder 2 Palgrave, Harry Inlis, 1891


Box 3 Folder 3 Patten, Simon N., 1886-1900


Box 3 Folder 4 R, 1887-1930


Box 3 Folder 5 S, 1875-1931


Box 3 Folder 6 Sakatani, Baron Yoshiro, 1921-1931


Box 3 Folder 7 Schumpeter, Joseph, 1907-1912


Box 3 Folder 8 Seligman, Edwin R.A., 1886-1927


Box 3 Folder 9 T, 1890-1928


Box 3 Folder 10 V through Y, 1875-1931


Box 3 Folder 11 Walker, Francis Amasa, 1887-1892


Box 3 Folder 12 Family Letters, 1902-1915, 1931-1955, 1902-1915, 1931-1955


Box 3 Folder 13 Copies of Notable Letters Involving John Bates Clark That Were Owned by John Maurice Clark,, 1901-1939


Box 3 Folder 14 Copies of Letters from the Johns Hopkins University Library, 1887-1895


Letters Regarding John Bates Clark's Death


Box 3 Folder 15 Clark, Alden Hyde, 1939-1955


Box 3 Folder 16 Clark, John Maurice, 1938-1939


Box 3 Folder 17 Clark, Myra Almeda Smith, 1938-1939

Series II: Unpublished Scholarly Materials, circa 1865-1936

Series II provides a view into the life of John Bates Clark as a student, teacher, theorist, and public figure. Consisting in overwhelming proportion of hand-written notes from Clark's college years to his death, this series represents more than sixty years of academic production from Clark. It ranges from written lectures prepared for formal courses to notes and thoughts which Clark literally scribbled on the backs of envelopes.


Subseries II.1: Lecture Notes--Series, 1895-1923

This subseries contains groups of lectures and lecture notes which were given as parts of courses or series. They consist primarily of lectures given at Smith College, Carleton College, and Columbia University. The folder titles given to them follow in most cases from those given by John Bates Clark.


Box 3 Folder 18 "Conditions of Prosperity,", 1914


Box 3 Folder 19 "Dynamic Theory,", 1898


Box 3 Folder f 20 "Economics 10,", 1901


Box 3 Folder 21 "Economics 10,", 1904


Box 3 Folder 22 "Economics 12," 1901, 1904-1905, 1901, 1904-1905


Box 3 Folder 23 "Economics 109,", 1908



Box 4 Folder 1 "Economic Theory,", 1907-1908


Box 4 Folder 2 "Economic Theory,", 1909-1910


Box 4 Folder 3 "Economics of War,", 1922-1923


Box 4 Folder 4 European History, undated


Box 4 Folder 5 "Freshman Course--Oriental History," circa, 1883-1892


Box 4 Folder 6 History Lectures Given at Carleton College, circa, 1877-1881


Box 4 Folder 7-9 "Modern History," circa, 1883-1892, (3 Folders)



Box 5 Folder 1 Monopoly and Competition, 1920


Box 5 Folder 2 Political Economy and the Social Sciences, circa, 1877-1880s


Box 5 Folder 3 "Population Law,", 1902


Box 5 Folder 4 Socialism, undated


Box 5 Folder 5 "Statics,", 1897-1898


Box 5 Folder 6 "Statics and Dynamics,", undated


Box 5 Folder 7 "Theory I,", 1895-1896


Box 5 Folder 8 "Theory," circa, 1895-1897


Box 5 Folder 9 "Theory,", 1897



Box 6 Folder 1 "Theory,", 1900


Box 6 Folder 2 "Theory,", 1901-1902


Box 6 Folder 3 "War Economic Studies,", undated


Subseries II.2: Lecture Notes--Individual, 1882-1925

This subseries consists of individual lectures and lecture notes. Many of them were probably originally from longer series, but appear to be the only parts of those series which have survived in the John Bates Clark Papers. The lectures bear written dates and titles in most cases.


Box 6 Folder 4 Economics of War, undated


Box 6 Folder 5 General Loose Lecture Notes, undated


Box 6 Folder 6-7 General Loose Lecture Notes, 1916, 1919-1921, 1916, 1919-1921, (2 Folders)


Box 6 Folder 8 "Hamilton College Lecture," on War and Peace, circa, 1915-1925


Box 6 Folder 9 "International Trade as Affected by Asiatic Development and by War, Speech--Pan-American Congress" (2 drafts),, 1915 December 3


Box 6 Folder 10 International Trade, Tariff, Citizenship, Economic Progress, circa, 1882-1910s


Box 6 Folder 11 Labor and Capital, Business Models, Wages, Monopoly, undated


Box 6 Folder 12 Lectures on History and Economy, Possibly from Smith College, circa, 1882-1895


Box 6 Folder 13 "Montclair Address on Minimum Wage," Trust Regulation, Class Struggle,, 1914


Box 6 Folder 14 "Notes for Lecture Course of 1923 and Miscellaneous War and Economic Material," 1923, 1923, 1923


Box 6 Folder 15 "Possibility of Competition,", 1912 March 19


Box 6 Folder 16 Socialism, Marx, Farmers, 1896-1907


Box 6 Folder 17 "Statics,", 1912


Box 6 Folder 18 "Sunday, October 22, 1916,", 1916



Box 7 Folder 1 Tariffs, 1902


Box 7 Folder 2 "Topics,", undated


Box 7 Folder 3 Wages, Monopolies, Rents, 1899


Subseries II.3: General Notes, circa 1865-circa 1935

This subseries contains three main areas of notes that John Bates Clark took as both a student and professional economist. The first consists of notes and notebooks which appear to have been from Clark's student days, including notes for several classes taken at university in Germany. Following this group are the few works by other economists that Clark annotated and which have survived as part of this collection. The most substantial part of this subseries is the collection of loose notes and newspaper clippings which have been organized according to their primary subject of interest. Most of the clippings but few of the notes bear dates.


Class Notes and Notebooks


Box 7 Folder 4 "Finanz," circa, 1874-1877


Box 7 Folder 5 General Student Notes, circa, 1865-1877


Box 7 Folder 6 Notebook, undated


Box 7 Folder 7 Notebook [from Brown or Amherst], circa, 1865-1872


Box 7 Folder 8 Notepad, undated, 1888


Box 7 Folder 9 Notes in German, circa, 1874-1877


Box 7 Folder 10 Notes Taken at Heidelberg, circa, 1874-1877


Box 7 Folder 11 Roman and Medieval History (in German), circa, 1874-1877


Annotated Published Works


Box 7 Folder 12 Articles, 1907, 1935, 1907, 1935


Box 7 Folder 13 Ricardo, David. THE FIRST SIX CHAPTERS OF THE PRINCIPLES OF POLITICAL ECONOMY AND TAXATION. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1909.


Loose Research Notes


Box 7 Folder 14-15 General Notes, undated, (2 Folders)



Box 8 Folder 1 General Notes, undated


Box 8 Folder 2 Agriculture, undated


Box 8 Folder 3 Book Ideas, undated


Box 8 Folder 4 Capital, undated


Box 8 Folder 5 Civilization and Economies, undated


Box 8 Folder 6 Conservation and Environment, undated


Box 8 Folder 7 "Crises,", undated


Box 8 Folder 8 Distribution, undated


Box 8 Folder 9 Dynamics, undated


Box 8 Folder 10 Gambling, undated


Box 8 Folder 11 Immigration, undated


Box 8 Folder 12 Interest, undated


Box 8 Folder 13 Labor and Its Relationship with Capital, undated


Box 8 Folder 14 Land, undated


Box 8 Folder 15 "Law of Accumulation,", undated


Box 8 Folder 16 Legislation, undated


Box 8 Folder 17 Money/Currency, undated


Box 8 Folder 18 Politics, undated


Box 8 Folder 19 Prices, undated


Box 8 Folder 20 Productivity, undated


Box 8 Folder 21 Profit, undated


Box 8 Folder 22 Railroads and Transportation, undated


Box 8 Folder 23 Ricardo's Theories, undated


Box 8 Folder 24 Socialism, undated


Box 8 Folder 25 Statics, undated


Box 8 Folder 26 Stocks, undated


Box 8 Folder 27 Tariffs, undated


Box 8 Folder 28 Technology, undated


Box 8 Folder 29 Trade and Markets, undated


Box 8 Folder 30 Trusts and Competition, undated


Box 8 Folder 31 Unions and Strikes, undated


Box 8 Folder 32 Value, undated


Box 8 Folder 33 Wages, undated


Box 8 Folder 34 War, undated


Box 8 Folder 35 Wealth, undated


Subseries II.4: Administrative, Course, and Professional Materials, 1899-1936

This subseries contains the small volume of material in the John Bates Clark Papers relating to Clark's work outside of research and class. Items range from administrative material related to teaching to pamphlets of the New York Peace Society to reports and records relating to Clark's occasional informal work with the federal government.



Box 9 Folder 1 Administrative Records and Course Materials, undated, 1905-1913



Map Case 14-O-1 Commission from Theodore Roosevelt to Attend a Conference on Trusts on Behalf of the State of New York,, 1899

(oversized)



Box 9 Folder 3 Committee on Industrial Relations Pamphlets, 1912


Box 9 Folder 4 Government Price Study: "Milk: A Study of the Ways of an Industry, Part I," by Irene Till,, 1935


Box 9 Folder 5 Government Price Study: "Milk: A Study of the Ways of an Industry, Part II," by Irene Till,, 1936


Box 9 Folder 6 Government Price Study: "The Price of Waste Paper," by Florence Till,, 1936


Box 9 Folder 7 Government Price Study: "The Price of Whiskey," by Albert Abrahamson,, 1935


Box 9 Folder 8 New York Peace Society Memorandum: "Economic War Against War,", 1918


Box 9 Folder 9 New York Peace Society "Statement of Purposes,", 1921


Box 9 Folder 10 Pujo Committee Articles, 1912


Box 9 Folder 11 Report on American Economics Association's 25th Anniversary, 1910


Box 9 Folder 12 Report on "Minneapolis Conference of Employer and Employe,", 1902



Map Case 14-O-1 Report to Mayor on Teacher's Salaries in New York City, 1909 December 28

(oversized)



Box 9 Folder 14 Republican National Committee Questionnaire, circa, 1918-1921


Box 9 Folder 15 Smith College Trustee Materials, 1913


Box 9 Folder 16 Statement on Trusts Made Before a Senate Committee, 1912 December 11-12

Series III: Published Scholarly Materials, circa 1880-1936

Series III comprises material related to the extensive bibliography of published work produced by John Bates Clark. It includes drafts of articles and book chapters, a selection of published material, and a number of newspaper clippings concerning John Bates Clark and his work.


Subseries III.1: Drafts, circa 1880-1930

This subseries consists of a mix of hand-written and typed drafts for a number of the many articles and books written by John Bates Clark, including notable works such asThe Philosophy of Wealth(1885)The Essentials of Economic Theory(1907) andA Tender of Peace(1935). While most of the drafts are complete, note that there are a substantial number of unidentified manuscript fragments and individual chapters to longer works.


Box 9 Folder 17 Analysis of the 1924 Presidential Election, 1924, 1924, 1924


Box 9 Folder 18 "Biography," circa, 1910s


Box 9 Folder 19 "Capital and Its Earnings," circa, 1888


Box 9 Folder 20 "The Cause of Peace in Light of Current Events,", 1913


Box 9 Folder 21 Chapters and Outlines for a Book on War, circa, 1920s



Box 10 Folder 1 Chapters for a Book on War and Economy, circa, 1914-1930


Box 10 Folder 2 "Concerning the Nature of Capital,", 1907


Box 10 Folder 3 "Contributions to Economic Dynamics,", undated


Box 10 Folder 4 "Dealing With Trusts by the Natural Method," circa, 1890s


Box 10 Folder 5 Defining the Term "Capital,", 1890


Box 10 Folder 6 Definitions of Terms in Economics and Political Economy, undated


Box 10 Folder 7 "Distribution Under Natural Law,", undated


Box 10 Folder 8 "The Economic Costs of War,", 1915 December 17


Box 10 Folder 9 "Economic Interpretation of War,", undated


Box 10 Folder 10 "The Economic Situation,", undated


Box 10 Folder 11 "The End of the War: A Study of the Probabilities,", 1916 November


Box 10 Folder 12 "The Ethics of a Single Tax,", undated


Box 10 Folder 13 "Existing Alliances and a League of Peace,", 1915 June 11


Box 10 Folder 14 "A Federal Commission on Industrial Relations,", 1912


Box 10 Folder 15 Forces of Economic Progress, undated


Box 10 Folder 16 "Forgotten Points in the War Debt Discussion,", 1926


Box 10 Folder 17 "The Genesis of Capital,", 1893


Box 10 Folder 18 "Labor Union Paper Plan,", undated


Box 10 Folder 19 "Land and Labor Under Natural Economic Law," circa, 1893-1895


Box 10 Folder 20 "Lessons in Political Economy,", 1922


Box 10 Folder 21 Letter to the Editor Concerning Public Works Projects, 1932


Box 10 Folder 22 Letter to the Editor Concerning Tax Legislation, undated


Box 10 Folder 23 "Man's Relation to Other Animals,", undated


Box 10 Folder 24 Manuscript Fragment Regarding Land and Interest, undated


Box 10 Folder 25 Manuscript Fragment Regarding Rent, undated


Box 10 Folder 26 Manuscript Fragment Regarding Strikes, undated


Box 10 Folder 27 Manuscript Fragments, undated


Box 10 Folder 28 Manuscript Fragments for ESSENTIALS OF ECONOMIC THEORY, circa, 1907


Box 10 Folder 29 Manuscript Fragments Regarding War, 1921-1922



Box 11 Folder 1 Manuscripts Regarding Capital, undated


Box 11 Folder 2 Manuscript Regarding Capital and Wealth, undated


Box 11 Folder 3 Manuscript Regarding Competition, 1883


Box 11 Folder 4 Manuscript Regarding Competition and Monopoly, undated


Box 11 Folder 5 "The Minimum Wage,", undated


Box 11 Folder 6 "The Modern Appeal to Legal Forces in Economic Life,", 1894


Box 11 Folder 7 "Monopolies and the Effect on Prices, Wages, and Interest,", undated


Box 11 Folder 8 "The Moral Basis of Property in Land," circa, 1882-1895


Box 11 Folder 9 Note for Insert and Outside Reader's Comments [Regarding ESSENTIALS OF ECONOMIC THEORY],, undated


Box 11 Folder 10 "The Origin of Interest,", undated


Box 11 Folder 11 "A Peace Measure with a Recoil,", undated


Box 11 Folder 12 THE PHILOSOPHY OF WEALTH, "Introduction to the Japanese Edition, circa, 1895


Box 11 Folder 13-14 "The Possibility of a Scientific Law of Wages," circa, 1889, (2 Folders)


Box 11 Folder f 15 "Reform or Revolution," undated, 1913


Box 11 Folder 16 Response to "MacFarlane" Regarding John Bates Clark's Views on Rent,, undated


Box 11 Folder 17 "Shall We Surrender to Monopoly?,", undated


Box 11 Folder 18 Sherman Act, undated


Box 11 Folder 19 "Social Justice Without Socialism,", 1913


Box 11 Folder 20 "Spiritual Economics," circa, 1880


Box 11 Folder 21 "A System of Monopolies,", 1920


Box 11 Folder 22 "The Theory of Economic Progress,", undated


Box 11 Folder 23 "The Theory of Freight Charges,", undated


Box 11 Folder 24 "The Theory of Interest,", undated


Box 11 Folder 25 "The Total Depravity of the Economic Man,", undated


Box 11 Folder 26 Trust Articles Published in the REVIEW, 1892 February 18-April 7


Box 11 Folder 27 Two Theories of Wages, undated


Box 11 Folder 28 "The Unit of Wealth," circa, 1896



Box 12 Folder 1 Unspecified Chapter Materials, undated


Box 12 Folder 2 "Wages and Interest as Specific Products of Labor and Capital," "Plan of Conclusion," "Note," and Two Loose Pages on Economic Development in China,, undated


Box 12 Folder 3 "War and Democracy,", undated


Subseries III.2: Published Articles, 1878-1935

This subseries represents the large volume of published articles written by John Bates Clark that are in the collection. It begins with a small selection of individually-bound works and a complete bibliography of John Bates Clark's published work. With those few exceptions, the bulk of the material in this subseries survived in the form of scrapbooks of unknown origin. While the scrapbooks have been disassembled for preservation purposes, the material they contained has remained cohesive and in the original numbered order. Each scrapbook contains a table of contents, and a master index and bibliography for the seven numbered scrapbooks appears before Scrapbook One.


Loose Pamphlets


Box 12 Folder 4 "Bibliography of John Bates Clark," 1931, 1935, 1931, 1935


Box 12 Folder 5 "Ein Altes Prinzip in Neuer Zeit,", 1928


Box 12 Folder 6 "The Government of Alien Races by the United States. . .,", 1899 February


Box 12 Folder 7 "The Scholar's Opportunity,", 1898


Box 12 Folder 8 "A Universal Law of Economic Variation," with Handwritten Notes,, 1894


Article Scrapbooks


Box 12 Folder 9 Scrapbook Index and Bibliography of Included Works, undated


Box 12 Folder 10-11 Scrapbook 1, 1881-1910, (2 Folders)


Box 12 Folder 12 Scrapbook 2, 1886-1911



Map Case 14-O-1 Scrapbook 3, 1878-1911

(oversiezed)



Box 12 Folder 14 Scrapbook 4, 1877-1912



Map Case 14-O-1 Scrapbook 5, 1878-1916

(oversized)


Map Case 14-O-1 Scrapbook 6, 1913-1922

(oversized)



Box 13 Folder 3 Scrapbook 7, 1910-1924


Box 13 Folder 4 "Clark--Essays on Economics, 1877-90," with Handwritten Notes,, 1890


Subseries III.3: Reviews and Clippings, 1882-1936

This subseries contains reviews and notices (primarily from newspapers) of Clark's published works, as well as clippings of articles which were written about Clark.


Box 13 Folder 5 Reviews, 1882-1936


Box 13 Folder 6 Clippings, circa, 1900-1923


Box 13 Folder 7 Press Release for A TENDER OF PEACE, 1935

Series IV: Biographical Materials, 1848-1957, bulk 1868-1939

Series IV consists of material related to John Bates Clark's personal life, his death and legacy, and Clark family history and genealogy.


Subseries IV.1: Personal Documents, 1848-1937

This subseries holds a range of personal material from all facets of John Bates Clark's and the Clark family's lives, and is particularly useful in giving a glimpse of Clark's wide-ranging interests outside of academic life. The earliest materials are an 1851 letter written by Clark's great-grandfather, Daniel Clark, and an 1857 diary belonging to Clark's father, John H. Clark. Representative items include two patents held by John Bates Clark, the manuscript of a story he wrote for his children, and several account books. There are also several folders of documents related to Clark family history and genealogy.



Map Case 14-O-1 Academic Documents, undated, 1873

(oversized)



Box 13 Folder 9 Account Books, 1869, 1905, 1916, 1869, 1905, 1916


Box 13 Folder 10 Articles about John Bates Clark from REVIEW OF REVIEWS and the FINANCIAL CHRONICLE,, 1927-1928


Box 13 Folder 11 Biographical Manuscripts, undated, 1934-1937


Box 13 Folder 12 Clark Family History and Genealogical Research, 1851-1910


Box 13 Folder 13 Correspondence Regarding and a Facsimile of E.L. Ipsen's Portrait of John Bates Clark,, 1927


Box 13 Folder 14 Diary of John H. Clark, 1857


Box 13 Folder 15 Diary and Almanac of John Bates Clark, 1927


Box 13 Folder 16 Documents Related to Carleton College, 1885, 1936, 1885, 1936


Box 13 Folder 17 Financial Records "of Value as Souvenirs,", 1848-1869



Box 14 Folder 1 THE HISTORY OF THE CLASS OF 1869 AMHERST COLLEGE, "LIGHT," 1889, 1869, 1889


Box 14 Folder 2 Lyrics for "International Hymn" written in 1896 by George Huntington, undated, 1896, undated


Box 14 Folder 3 Manuscript of a Children's Story, "Sir Peter Longlegs," by John Bates Clark, circa, 1920-1930


Box 14 Folder 4 Memorial for George Huntington, 1916


Box 14 Folder 5 Newspaper Articles Regarding John Bates and Myra Almeda Clark's Sixtieth Wedding Anniversary,, 1935


Box 14 Folder 6 "Notes for Birth-day Speech,", undated



Map Case 14-O-1 Passports of John Bates Clark and Charlotte Clark, 1872

(oversized)


Map Case 14-O-1 Patents Held by John Bates Clark, 1868-1869, 1896, 1868-1869, 1896

(oversized)



Box 14 Folder 9 Poem Manuscript: "Hard by the City Hall There Dwells,", undated


Box 14 Folder 10 Program for a Speaking Contest, with Enclosed Card, 1872


Subseries IV.2: Materials Concerning the Death of John Bates Clark, 1938-1957

This subseries contains several areas of interest. The first is a collection of obituaries and memorials to John Bates Clark. Next are documents related to the publication ofJohn Bates Clark: A Memorial(1938). This small book was written and published by the children of John Bates Clark after his death, and a copy of the book appears in this series. The third component of this subseries is a memorial scrapbook of unknown origin (though it was likely assembled by Myra Almeda Smith Clark shortly after her husband's death), which has been disassembled for preservation purposes. The order of the items from the scrapbook (including general papers, obituaries, and correspondence) has been retained, as has the cover. Please note that additional correspondence concerning John Bates Clark's death can be found in Series I. Finally, this subseries contains a few individual items related to John Bates Clark's death and legacy, most notably a copy of the program from his memorial service at St. Paul's Chapel on the campus of Columbia University.


Memorials and Obituaries for John Bates Clark


Box 14 Folder 11 Journals Featuring Obituaries of John Bates Clark, 1938


Box 14 Folder 12 Memorials to John Bates Clark, 1938


Box 14 Folder 13 Obituary Clippings, 1938 March


Documents Regarding JOHN BATES CLARK: A MEMORIAL


Box 14 Folder 14 JOHN BATES CLARK: A MEMORIAL, 1938


Box 14 Folder 15 Documents, 1938-1939


Box 14 Folder 16 Lists of Recipients, 1938-1939


Box 14 Folder 17 Reviews and Press Notices,1939


John Bates Clark Memorial Scrapbook



Map Case 14-O-1 Frontmatter and Cover, undated

(oversized)



Box 14 Folder 19 Obituaries, 1938


Box 14 Folder 20 Correspondence, 1938


Other Material Regarding John Bates Clark's Death and Legacy


Box 14 Folder 21 Documents Regarding John Bates Clark Papers, undated, 1957


Box 14 Folder 22 Memorial Service Program, 1938


Box 14 Folder 23 Pamphlet on Mourning, undated

Series V: Photographs, 1920-1938

Series V is composed of three picture-postcards sent by Myra Almeda Smith Clark to John Bates Clark and two matted photographs of John Bates Clark's interment service.


Box 14 Folder 24 Interment of John Bates Clark, 1938


Box 14 Folder 25 Postcards Sent by Myra Almeda Smith Clark to John Bates Clark, 1920-1921

List of Correspondents


Abbott, Lyman


Adams, Henry Carter


Agger, Eugene Ewald


Anderson, Benjamin M.


Andrews, E(lisha) Benjamin


Armstrong, M.A.


Bacon, George Wood


Bacon, Selden


Balfour, --


Ballantine, William Gay


Banks, Enoch Marvin


Barnett, George E.


Barns, W.E.


Barret, Thomas, Towles


Beckhart, Benjamin Haggot


Bell, James Washington


Bellamy, Edward


Bemis, Edward Webster


Benedict, Roswell A.


Bingham, Millicent Ford


Boening, Otto von, Baron


Bo¨hm-Bawerk, Eugen von


Bonar, James


Bostable, C.F.


Brand, Katherine E.


Brearley, J.A.


Brentano, Lujo


Brewster, William Tenney


Brown, Arthur Judson


Brown, T. Edwin


Bryce, James, Viscount Bryce


Burgess, John William


Burnham, Michael


Burton, Marion LeRoy


Burton, Theodore E.


Butler, Nicholas Murray


Butz, Alvin J.


Carey, Robert L.


Carnegie, Louise Whitford (Mrs. Andrew)


Cary, Mildred and Julia


Catlin, Warren B.


Caveruo, Julius H.


Chalmers, Allan Knight


Choate, Washington


Church, Brooke (Mrs. John A.)


Clancy, W.P.


Clark, Alden Hyde


Clark, Charlotte Huntington (Mrs. John H.)


Clark, Eleanor Phelps (Mrs. Frederick H.)


Clark, J. Edmund


Clark, John Bates


Clark, John Maurice


Clark, Mary Lawrence


Clark, Myra Almeda Smith (Mrs. John B.)


Continental Guaranty Corporation


Cutler, Anna A.


Dalla Volta, Richard (Riccardo)


Dawe, Grosvenor


Denslow, Van Buren


Devine, Edward Thomas


Dewey, Davis R.


Dill, James B.


Dorfman, Joseph


Douglas, Paul H.


Dublin, Louis I.


Duggan, Stephen


Dunbar, Charles Franklin


Dyer, Walter A.


Echetoun, Fannie H.


Edwards, Edward Junius


Ely, Richard T.


Ely, Robert Erskine


Emerick, Charles Franklin


Emerson, Anna Seelye


Emerson, Ellen T.


Ewing, Maria Dunlap


Fairchild, Henry Pratt


Feiler, Arthur


Fetter, Frank A.


Finley, John H.


Fisher, Irving


Folwell, William W.


Forbes-Robertson, Ian


Francis, David R.


Franklin, Fabian


Garman, Charles E.


Gates, Merrill E.


Gay, Edwin F.


Giddings, Franklin H.


Gide, Charles


Gildersleeve, Virginia Crocheron


Gillett, Frederick H.


Gilman, Daniel Colt


Ginn & Co., Publishers


Ginzburg, Eli


Gladden, Washington


Graham, Frank D.


Green, Margaret Foster Lyman (Mrs. Charles B.)


Griffis, S.B.


Gunton, George


Hadley, Arthur T.


Hale, Mary T.


Hale, Robert L.


Hardon, Cora Burr (Mrs. H.W.)


Harriss, C. Lowell


Hauge, Gabriel S.


Hazen, Charles Downer


Hepburn, A. Barton


Hill, Paul A.


Hill, William Bancroft


Hirst, Francis W.


Hirst, Gertrude


Hollander, Jacob H.


Holt, Hamilton


Honda, M.


Howson, Roger


Hubbard, Elbert


Hughes, Charles Evans


Hunt, Francis M.


Hunt, Rockwell Denis


Hyde, Charles C.


Iles, George


Irvine, Alexander


Jacbostein, Meyer


James, Edmund J.


Jenkins, Annie E. Huntington


Jenkins, Emily (Mrs. Harry)


Johnson, Alvin S.


Johnston, Alexander


Jones, Alice Gale


Jordan, David Starr


Jordan, Mary A.


Keppel, Frederick P.


Kimball, George C.


Kinley, David


Kinosita, Yetaro


Kitahara, Yoshimo


Knox, Raymond C.


La Fontaine, H.


Laidlaw, Harriet Burton


Lamont, Florence


Lamson, Charles M.


Lancaster, Helen Converse Clark (Mrs. Henry C.)


Lancaster, Henry Carrington


Lazard, Max


Levah, S.


Levermore, Charles H.


Lindsay, Samuel McCune


Lord, Herbert G.


Loria, Achille


Low, Annie Wroe Scollay (Mrs. Seth)


Lowenthal, Esther


Lyman, Elizabeth Huntington Clark (Mrs. Frederick W.)


Lyman, Frederick Clark


Mackenzie, Kenneth


McKinney, Ethelyn


Malin, Patrick Murphy


Mansfield, Helen C.


Marburg, Theodore


Marshall, Alred


Marshall, Mary Paley (Mrs. Alfred)


Martin, Caro Taylor


Mayo-Smith, Richmond


Michael, Emil


Miller, Frank J.


Mills, Frederick C.


Mitchell, Wesley C.


Miyajima, Tsunao


Moore, Henry L.


Moore, John Bassett


Morganthau, Henry


Morrow, Dwight W.


Morrow, Elizabeth Reeve Cutter (Mrs. Dwight W.)


Morse, Anson D.


Morse, Margaret Duncan (Mrs. Anson D.)


Mund, Vernon A.


Munsterberg, Hugo


Neilson, William Allan


Norton, Thomas H.


Olds, Marion E. Leland (Mrs. George D.)


Otte, Gerhard


Padan, R.S.


Paine, Lyman M.


Palgrave, Robert Harry Inglis


Panio, Fannie


Pareto, Vilfredo


Patten, Simon N.


Pegram, George B.


Perry, Bliss


Phelps, Mary Booth (Mrs. Charles H.)


Philippovich, Eugen


Plimpton, Anne


Plimpton, George A.


Potter, William P.


Powell, William P.


Proffitt, Charles G.


Pupin, Michael Idvorsky


Rankin, J.S.


Rignano, Eugenio


Robinson, Frederick B.


Robison, Mary C.


Rodgers, Anna S.


Rogers, E.H.


Rogers, Lindsay


Root, Elihu


Rowe, Leo S.


Royal Swedish Academy of Science


Sabine, Jane D. Kelly (Mrs. Wallace C.)


St. John, Martha Everett (Mrs. Charles E.)


Sakatani, Yoshiro, Baron Sakatani


Sayles, Lita Barney


Schumacher, Hermann


Schumpeter, Joseph


Schuyler, Eugene


Schwiedland, E.


Scott, James Brown


Scuola, Positiva, La


Seelye, Julius H.


Seelye, Laurenus Clark


Seligman, Edwin R.A.


Shaw, Albert


Shepherd, William R.


Shirras, G. Findlay


Shotwell, James T.


Slocum, William F.


Smiley, Albert K., Jr.


Smith, Gertrude Huidekoper (Munroe-)


Smith, Harry de Forest


Smith, Munroe


Smith, Preserved


Spencer, J.O.


Springer, Julius (Verlag)


Stanfield, Otto M.


Stein, L.V.


Stewart, Gertrude D.


Stillman, Frances


Stimson, Henry A.


Stimson, Philip M.


Sullivan, Mark


Suranyi-Unger, Theo


Taft, William Howard


Takei, D.


Tarbell, Ida M.


Taussig, Frank W.


Taylor, Horace


Thomas, Paul B.


Todd, David


Townsend, Charles E.


Trask, O.C.


Tuttle, Charles A.


Viallate, Achille


Villey, Edmond


Von Tobel, Rudolf


Walker, Charles Swan


Walker, Francis Amasa


Walras, Leon


Warne, Colston E.


Warren, Schuyler N., Jr.


Warren, William F.


Washington, Booker T.


Welling, Lucy Lord (Mrs. Brenton)


Westergaard, Harald


Westgren, A.


Whitaker, Albert Conser


White, Horace


Whitin, E. Stagg


Whittin, Robert H.


Wieser, Friedrich Frieherr von


Wilbrandt, Robert


Wilson, Woodrow


Woodbridge, Frederick J.E.


Wright, Carroll D.


Young, Allyn A.