Rare Book & Manuscript Library
 

John H. Backer papers, 1945-1985

Summary Information

At a Glance

Call No.: MS#0058
Bib ID 4078422 View CLIO record
Creator(s) Backer, John H., 1902-
Title John H. Backer papers, 1945-1985
Physical Description 11 linear feet (25 boxes)
Language(s) English , German .
Access You will need to make an appointment in advance to use this collection material in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room. You can schedule an appointment once you've submitted your request through your Special Collections Research Account.

Boxes 2-25 are located off-site. You will need to request this material at least three business days in advance to use the collection in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room.

This collection has no restrictions.

Arrangement

Arrangement

Selected items cataloged; remainder arranged. Boxes 1-10: Winds of History; Boxes 11-14: Priming the German Economy; Boxes 15-19: The Decision to Divide Germany; Boxes 20-23: Misc.; Box 24: Lecture notes & microfilms; Box 25: Tapes.

Description

Scope and Content

Correspondence, manuscripts, reports, research files, audiotapes, and photographs documenting Backer's research and writing on General Clay and post war German affairs; his service in the military government, as a member of the Foreign Service, and as the supervisor of the U.S. Information Agency officer in numerous German cities. In researching his three books, Backer interviewed a number of public and military figures on audiotapes. There are several letters each from W. Averell Harriman, John Kenneth Galbraith, George Kennan, and John J. McCloy. The collection includes several boxes of photocopies of documents from various sources.

Using the Collection

Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Restrictions on Access

You will need to make an appointment in advance to use this collection material in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room. You can schedule an appointment once you've submitted your request through your Special Collections Research Account.

Boxes 2-25 are located off-site. You will need to request this material at least three business days in advance to use the collection in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room.

This collection has no restrictions.

Terms Governing Use and Reproduction

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. The RBML maintains ownership of the physical material only. Copyright remains with the creator and his/her heirs. The responsibility to secure copyright permission rests with the patron.

Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); John H. Baker papers; Box and Folder; Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.

Accruals

Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. Contact rbml@columbia.edu for more information.

Ownership and Custodial History

Gift of Mrs. John H. Backer, 1985.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Papers: Source of acquisition--Backer, Mrs. John. Method of acquisition--Gift; Date of acquisition--12/30/85. Accession number--M-85-12-30.

About the Finding Aid / Processing Information

Columbia University Libraries, Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Processing Information

Papers Processed AR/BRC 08/06/86.

Revision Description

2009-06-26 File created.

2011-11-15 EAD created by PTL

2019-05-20 EAD was imported spring 2019 as part of the ArchivesSpace Phase II migration.

Subject Headings

The subject headings listed below are found in this collection. Links below allow searches at Columbia University through the Archival Collections Portal and through CLIO, the catalog for Columbia University Libraries, as well as ArchiveGRID, a catalog that allows users to search the holdings of multiple research libraries and archives.

All links open new windows.

Genre/Form

Heading "CUL Archives:"
"Portal"
"CUL Collections:"
"CLIO"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
"ArchivedGRID"
Photographic prints Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID

Subject

Heading "CUL Archives:"
"Portal"
"CUL Collections:"
"CLIO"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
"ArchivedGRID"
Authors Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Clay, Lucius D (Lucius DuBignon), 1897-1978 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Diplomats Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Reconstruction (1939-1951) -- Germany Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID

History / Biographical Note

Biographical sketch

Author and diplomat John H. Backer, 1902-1985 (Columbia M.A., 1955), served in the Economic Divivion of General Lucius D. Clay's Military Government in Germany (OMGUS) from 1945 to 1948. As a member of the U.S. Foreign Service he held important posts in Germany and in the Soviet Union. His publications include: "Priming the German Economy: American Occupational Policies" "The Decision to Divide Germany: America's Foreign Policy in Transition" and "Winds of History: the German Years of Lucius DuBignon Clay.".

External users and Columbia affiliates may view materials on-site at RBML. Due to COVID-19 restrictions, only Columbia affiliates may view materials on-site at Avery, Starr, and Burke. After clicking 'Submit Request', users will login with their UNI and password (Columbia affiliates) or their special collections account (external users). Appointments are required and will be arranged according to each individual repository's policy.


Series I: Winds of History



Box 1 Catalogued Correspondence:


Box 1 Couve de Murville, M.


Box 1 Dulles, Eleanor


Box 1 Eisenhower, Milton S.


Box 1 Galbraith, John Kenneth


Box 1 Harriman, W. Averell


Box 1 Hayakava, Samuel I


Box 1 Javits, Jacob K.


Box 1 Kennan, George


Box 1 McCloy, John Jay


Box 1 Correspondence, arranged


Box 1 Research Material


Box 1 Bibliography



Box 2 Research Files:


Box 2 Correspondence


Interviews:


Box 2 Bennett, Jack


Box 2 Dr. Bowie


Box 2 Boyd, Col. James


Box 2 General Casey


Box 2 Clay, Lucius D. III


Box 2 Donnan, Edloe


Box 2 Feeny & Lemley


Box 2 Graeber, Bill



Box 3 Interviews:


Box 3 Allen, Margaret


Box 3 Ambassador Riddleberger


Box 3 Bierman, Franz


Box 3 Boyle, Lt. Gen. A.J.


Box 3 Donnan, Edloe


Box 3 Hallock, Richard


Box 3 Hill, Russ


Box 3 Howley, Gen. Frank


Box 3 Humphrey, Don


Box 3 Jacobs, George R.


Box 3 Keenan, Joseph


Box 3 Kennan, George


Box 3 McCloy, John J.


Box 3 McLean, Donald, Jr.


Box 3 O'Donnell, James P.


Box 3 Rubin, Seymour



Box 4 Interviews:


Box 4 Saltzman, Charles


Box 4 Trudeau, Gen. Arthur


Box 4 Smith, Jean


Box 4 Werts, Leo


Box 4 Stratton, Gen. James


Box 4 Wiesner, Louis


Box 4 Sundquist, James


Box 4 Wilkinson & Wedemeyer, Albert C.


Box 4 Other interviews and memoirs



Box 5 Photographs used in the book (one oversized Folder shelved on top of Box 5)



Box 6 Coal, Bizonia


Box 6 Papers of Dr. Charles Kindleberger


Box 6 Denazification


Box 6 Decartelization


Box 6 War Crimes


Box 6 Laenderrat



Box 7 Photocopies of official documents from National Archives and other source



Box 8 Photocopies of official documents from National Archives and other sources



Box 9 Book Excerpts (photocopies)



Box 10 Clippings from New York Times


Box 10 Excerpts from periodicals and books

Series II: Priming the German Economy



Box 11 Research Files, Chapters 1 & 2 (Photostatic copies of official documents)



Box 12 Research Files, Chapters 2 (con't) & 3 (Photostatic copies of official documents)



Box 13 Research Files, Chapter k (Photostatic copies of official documents)



Box 14 Research Files, Chapters 5 & 6 (Photostatic copies of official documents)

Series III: The Decision to Divide Germany



Box 15 Typed manuscript


Box 15 Correspondence



Box 16 Research Files, Chapters 1-3



Box 17 Research Files, Chapters 4-7



Box 18 Research Files, Chapters 8-11



Box 19 Research Files, Chapters 12-13

Series IV: Miscellaneous



Box 20 German Historical Institute


Box 20 Articles by J. Backer


Box 20 Correspondence



Box 21 Research Files, misc.



Box 22 Research Files


Box 22 "Organized Labor in Postwar Germany" by Louis- Wiesner



Box 23 "The Denazification Program in the U.S. Zone of Germany" by Wm. E. Griffith



Box 24 Lecture notes relating to Marxism, Soviet Studies and other topics


Box 24 Microfilms of documents from various military archives



Box 25 Tapes - 76 total