Rare Book & Manuscript Library
 

Henry Joseph Browne papers, 1797-1980

Summary Information

Abstract

Historian, archivist, social activist, and Roman Catholic priest, Browne taught at Catholic University of America (where he also served as University Archivist); St. Joseph's Seminary, Yonkers, N.Y.; Cathedral College; and Rutgers University. He was active in community affairs in New York and Paterson, N.J. His primary research interests were John Hughes, first archbishop of New York, and labor and church history.

At a Glance

Call No.: MS#0158
Bib ID 4078408 View CLIO record
Creator(s) Browne, Henry Joseph, 1919-1980
Title Henry Joseph Browne papers, 1797-1980
Physical Description 18.9 linear feet ( 41 boxes and 1 flat box)
Language(s) English , Italian , French , Latin , Spanish; Castilian .
Access

This collection is located off-site. You will need to request this material at least three business days in advance to use the collection in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room.

This collection has no restrictions.

Arrangement

Arrangement

This collection is arranged in 3 series.

Description

Scope and Content

The collection contains material related both to Browne's work as an activist and an academic. A significant portion of the collection consists of Browne's research material on John Hughes, including Hughes's correspondence, letter books, and scrapbooks.

Using the Collection

Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Restrictions on Access

This collection is located off-site. You will need to request this material at least three business days in advance to use the collection in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room.

This collection has no restrictions.

Terms Governing Use and Reproduction

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. The RBML maintains ownership of the physical material only. Copyright remains with the creator and his/her heirs. The responsibility to secure copyright permission rests with the patron.

Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Henry Joseph Browne papers; Box and Folder; Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.

Ownership and Custodial History

Gift of Flavia Alaya, 1986.

About the Finding Aid / Processing Information

Columbia University Libraries, Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Processing Information

Papers Processed CEH 07/--/08.

Revision Description

2009-02-12 File created.

2009-04-15 xml document instance created by Carrie Hintz

2019-05-20 EAD was imported spring 2019 as part of the ArchivesSpace Phase II migration.

Subject Headings

The subject headings listed below are found in this collection. Links below allow searches at Columbia University through the Archival Collections Portal and through CLIO, the catalog for Columbia University Libraries, as well as ArchiveGRID, a catalog that allows users to search the holdings of multiple research libraries and archives.

All links open new windows.

Genre/Form

Heading "CUL Archives:"
"Portal"
"CUL Collections:"
"CLIO"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
"ArchivedGRID"
Biographies Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Photographic prints Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID

Subject

Heading "CUL Archives:"
"Portal"
"CUL Collections:"
"CLIO"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
"ArchivedGRID"
Catholic Church -- United States Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Catholic Church. Archdiocese of New York (N.Y.) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
City planning -- New Jersey -- Paterson Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
City planning -- New York (State) -- New York Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Clergy Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Cooke, Terence, 1921-1983 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Fordham University Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Guilday, Peter, 1884-1947 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Historians Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Hughes, John, 1797-1864 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
McCloskey, John, 1810-1885 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Rutgers University. Department of History Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Ryan, William Frederick, 1926- Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Seward, William H (William Henry), 1801-1872 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Spellman, Francis, 1889-1967 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Weed, Thurlow, 1797-1882 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID

History / Biographical Note

Biographical sketch

Father Henry Joseph Browne, born in the Hell's Kitchen neighborhood of Manhattan in 1919, was an historian, archivist, and community activist. He entered the Catholic priesthood as a young man and devoted himself, for a while, to a scholarly and ecclesiastical life. He received his Ph.D. in history from the Catholic University of America where he went on to serve as a faculty member in church history and the University Archivist. Upon leaving that position he returned to New York to teach first at St. Joseph's Seminary in Yonkers, then Cathedral College, and finally Rutgers University in New Jersey.

His primary research interests were in social and labor history as well as church history, particularly in New York City. He published a number of pamphlets and articles on these issues, and a book on the history of the Catholic Knights of Labor. Additionally, he did extensive research on and drafted a biography of John Hughes, the first archbishop of New York.

Upon Browne's return to New York after his tenure at the Catholic University of America, he became deeply involved in left-wing political activities and made a name for himself as a committed community and anti-war activist in the 1960s. He was active in both religious and secular social justice organizations such as the New York City Council against Poverty, the Catholic Committee on Urban Ministry, and the Priests' Senate. He strongly opposed the urban renewal activities displacing lower income tenants on New York's Upper West side and worked actively with community housing organizations such as the Strycker's Bay Housing Development to retain low-income housing options in New York City.

In the last decade of his life Browne left the priesthood, though he was never officially defrocked, and settled in Paterson, NJ with his long-time partner, Flavia Alaya, and their three children. He took a job with Rutgers University and continued teaching almost until his death in 1980.

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Series I: Research and Scholarship, 1792-1980

The Research and Scholarship Series contains Browne's research material, published articles and drafts, and lecture and reading notes


Subseries 1: John Hughes Biographical Materials, 1792-1956

This Subseries, which forms the bulk of the Research and Scholarship series, contains primary materials relating to Archbishop John Hughes, such as Hughes's original correspondence and topical files, both arranged alphabetically. Hughes's correspondence files include letters from such notable figures as Abraham Lincoln, Popes Leo XII, Gregory XVI, and Pius IX. William Henry Seward was also a regular correspondent. This subseries also contains typescripts and microfilmed copies of Hughes's correspondence, as well as his letterbooks and scrapbooks. Additionally, the subseries contains material collected by other would-be biographers of Hughes, including an unpublished manuscript of a Hughes biography by Peter Guilday.



Box 1 Folder 1 to 17 Correspondence-- A-Z, 1860-1895, (17 Folders)


Correspondence



Box 2 Folder 1 to 18 A-R, 1826-1920, (18 Folders)



Box 3 Folder 1 to 7 S-Y and Unknown, 1840-1880, (7 Folders)


Box 3 Folder 8 to 13 Typescripts and Photocopies, 1827-1863, (6 Folders)


Box 3 Folder 14 Correspondence-- McCloskey-- Typescript, 1835-1836


Correspondence



Box 4 Folder 1 Photostats



Box 5 Folder 1 to 2 Letterbooks, 1841-1854, (2 volumes)


Box 5 Folder 3 Typescript of Letterbooks



Box 6 Folder 1 Photocopies, 1794


Box 6 Folder 2 to 7 Microfilm, 1986-1910 (5 rolls), 1986-1910


Box 6 Folder 8 The Complete Works of John Hughes, Vol. 1



Box 7 Correspondence--Father Smith


Box 7 Letterbook, 1857-1859



Box 8 Folder 1 to 3 Scrapbooks, 1844-1861, (3 volumes)


Topical Files


Box 8 Folder 4 to 5 St. John's College-- Fordham, 1841-1846, (2 Folders)


Box 8 Folder 6 St. Joseph's Seminary, 1845-1855


Box 8 Folder 7 St. Patrick's Cathedral, 1839


Box 8 Folder 8 Statistics on Catholic Population, 1848-1855


Box 8 Folder 9 Varela, Felix (Obituary by Hughes), circa, 1855


Thomas Cassidy's Materials on Hughes



Box 9 Folder 1 General


Box 9 Folder 2 General-- Transferred to Guilday


Box 9 Folder 3 Clippings, 1933-1934


Box 9 Folder 4 to 5 Correspondence, 1933-1934, (2 Folders)


Box 9 Folder 6 List of Clergy in New York, 1847-1895


Box 9 Folder 7 McCloskey, Cardinal, 1879-1888


Box 9 Folder 8 McGlynn Case Materials


Box 9 Folder 9 Murray, Nicholas-- Memoirs, 1862


Box 9 Folder 10 Notes on Hughes's Meeting with Pope Leo XIII


Peter Guilday's Material on Hughes


Correspondence



Box 10 Folder 1 to 2 Guilday, 1927-1937, (2 Folders)


Box 10 Folder 3 New York Negotiation, 1928-1946


Box 10 Folder 4 Sisters of Charity, 1827-1846


Box 10 Folder 5 M.H. Ward, 1890-1909


Research Notes, 1928-1930s


Box 10 Folder 6 to 7 General, (2 Folders)



Box 11 Folder 1 Church History


Box 11 Folder 2 Clippings (originals and photocopies), 1827-1861


Box 11 Folder 3 DuBois Material


Box 11 Folder 4 Hughes Genealogical Material


Box 11 Folder 5 Letters Referenced in Hassard's John Hughes


Box 11 Folder 6 McKenna Clan History


Box 11 Folder 7 Notre Dame and Baltimore Archives Research


Box 11 Folder 8 Research in Europe, 1929


Box 11 Folder 9 St. Patrick's Cathedral Archives


Box 11 Folder 10 San Francisco


Box 11 Folder 11 Outline of Hughes Biography


Box 11 Folder 12 Register of Documents in Jesuit Archives, Rome Relating to Hughes


Box 11 Folder 13 to 16 Manuscript of Hughes Biography, (4 Folders)



Box 12 Folder 1 to 3 Manuscript of Hughes Biography, (3 Folders)


Henry Joseph Browne's Hughes Biography, circa, 1956


Box 12 Folder 4 to 8 Research Notes, (4 Folders)



Box 13 Folder 1 to 6 Research Notes, (6 Folders)



Box 14 Folder 1 to 5 Drafts and Notes, (5 Folders)



Box 15 Folder 1 to 5 Manuscript, (5 Folders)


Subseries 2: Scholarly Research-- Church and Social History, 1947-1980

This subseries is comprised of Browne's research materials and published articles, including his master's thesis, and extensive notes he used to prepare and present his classroom lectures. These files indicate Browne's interest in church and social history.


Box 15 Folder 6 to 7 Church History Research and Resources, (2 volumes)



Box 16 Folder 1 Browne's Publication List


Box 16 Folder 2 Publications-- General, 1956-1958


Box 16 Folder 3 Publications-- In Typescript


Box 16 Folder 4 Publications and Clippings, 1956


Box 16 Folder 5 Articles, 1952-1957


Box 16 Folder 6 Browne on Jack Egan, 1980


Box 16 Folder 7 to 8 The Catholic Church in American Life , (2 Folders)


Box 16 Folder 9 Catholic University of America-- Research Notes


Box 16 Folder 10 "Catholics Face a New Frontier,", 1960


Box 16 Folder 11 Church History Articles, 1951-1956


Box 16 Folder 12 Church and Labor Research


Box 16 Folder 13 "Diocesan Clergy of New York: An Historical Sketch,", 1950-1951


Box 16 Folder 14 "The Faculty and the Archivist," circa, 1960s


Box 16 Folder 15 "Groping for Relevance in an Urban Parish,", 1971



Box 17 Folder 1 "Housing the Poor: The Confused Catholic Social Apostolate,", 1968


Box 17 Folder 2 "Majority Interests,", 1979


Box 17 Folder 3 "Maxima Vigilantia"


Box 17 Folder 4 Molly Maguires, 1947


Box 17 Folder 5 to 6 "One Stop Above Hell's Kitchen: Sacred Heart Parish in Clinton,", 1976, (2 Folders)


Box 17 Folder 7 Parochial Archives-- Notes, undated


Box 17 Folder 8 "Power and the Institutional Church,", 1967


Box 17 Folder 9 "A Preliminary Survey of the Historical Bibliography of the Archdiocese of New York,", 1946


Box 17 Folder 10 "St. Ann's on East Twelfth Street New York City, 1852-1952,", 1952


Box 17 Folder 11 "Terence Powderley: His Relationship with the Catholic Church,", 1945

(Browne's Master's Thesis)


Box 17 Folder 12 "Toward Symbolic, Theopolitical Ministry"


Box 17 Folder 13 Urban Renewal-- Various., 1966


Teaching Materials



Box 18 Folder 1 American Community, 1976


Box 18 Folder 2 to 3 Church History-- Catholic University of America, (2 Folders)


Box 18 Folder 4 Church History-- St. Joseph's


Box 18 Folder 5 Civil War and the Church


Box 18 Folder 6 Comparative Social Movements, 1975


Box 18 Folder 7 Medieval History, 1967


Box 18 Folder 8 to 10 Notes, 1952-1970s, (3 Folders)

Series II: Personal and Professional, 1944-1980

This series relates to Browne's professional duties as a priest, academic, and an archivist, as well as his involvement in community and social justice organizations.


Subseries 1: Correspondence, 1944-1980

The correspondence subseries includes one run of correspondence that is arranged chronologically, and one run of Browne's correspondence that is arranged alphabetically by correspondent. There is no significant difference in the content or research value of these runs.



Box 19 Folder 1 to 7 1944-1953, (7 Folders)



Box 20 Folder 1 to 6 1954-1956, (6 Folders)



Box 21 Folder 1 to 7 1957-1960, (7 Folders)



Box 22 Folder 1 to 7 1961-1968, (7 Folders)



Box 23 Folder 1 to 6 1968-1969, (6 Folders)



Box 24 Folder 1 1970


Box 24 Folder 2 1979


Box 24 Folder 3 1980


Box 24 Folder 4 1980-- Condolence Letters


Box 24 Folder 5 Undated


Box 24 Folder 6 Regarding John Carroll, 1958-1959


Box 24 Folder 7 to 8 Regarding John Hughes Biography, 1949-1956, (2 Folders)


Box 24 Folder 9 Regarding Knights of Labor, 1949-1950



Box 25 Folder 1 to 10 A-Z, 1944-1969, (10 Folders)


Box 25 Folder 11 to 14 Society of American Archivists, 1944-1957, (4 Folders)


Subseries 2: Topical Files, 1949-1980

This subseries contains files relating to Browne's political and professional life, including his work with the New York City Council Against Poverty, and his work with faith-based social justice organizations including the Catholic Committee Urban Ministry. These files are arranged alphabetically.



Box 26 Folder 1 Book Reviews, 1950-1977


Box 26 Folder 2 Cathedral College, 1961


Box 26 Folder 3 Catholic Archives, 1950


Box 26 Folder 4 Catholic Charities, 1959-1960


Catholic Committee on Urban Ministry (CCUM)


Box 26 Folder 5 to 7 General, 1973-1980, (3 Folders)



Box 27 Folder 1 to 4 General, 1973-1980, (4 Folders)


Box 27 Folder 5 Board of Directors' Correspondence, 1976-1980


Box 27 Folder 6 Bulletins, Newsletters, and Printed Material, 1974-1979


Box 27 Folder 7 Correspondence, 1971-1977


Box 27 Folder 8 Liberty and Justice for All Conference, 1976



Box 28 Folder 1 to 2 Memoranda, 1972-1975, (2 Folders)


Box 28 Folder 3 to 5 Clippings, 1949-1980, (3 Folders)


Box 28 Folder 6 Dictionary of American Biography Entries, 1956


Box 28 Folder 7 Ethnic Parishes, 1974-1979


Box 28 Folder 8 Fulbright Award, 1957


Box 28 Folder 9 Internal Life of the Church, 1959-1960


Box 28 Folder 10 Italian-Americans



Box 29 Folder 1 Kelleher, Stephen, 1977


Box 29 Folder 2 Life Magazine, 1960


Box 29 Folder 3 Mediating Structures Project, 1977


Box 29 Folder 4 Modernism in Religion, 1963


New York City Council Against Poverty


Box 29 Folder 5 General, 1967


Box 29 Folder 6 to 8 Agendas, 1967-1968, (3 Folders)



Box 30 Folder 1 to 4 Agendas, 1968, (4 Folders)


Box 30 Folder 5 Bulletins, 1967-1968


Box 30 Folder 6 Memoranda, 1967-1968



Box 31 Folder 1 to 2 Memoranda, 1968, (2 Folders)


Box 31 Folder 3 to 5 Minutes, 1967-1968, (3 Folders)


Box 31 Folder 6 New York Times Letters, 1965


Box 31 Folder 7 Parish Schools, Undated


Box 31 Folder 8 Photographs, Undated


Priests' Senate



Box 32 Folder 1 to 6 General, 1966-1969, (6 Folders)


Box 32 Folder 7 Correspondence, 1968


Box 32 Folder 8 Protestant Social Reform, Undated


Box 32 Folder 9 Puck Cartoons-- Church and Labor



Box 33 Folder 1 Religions and the Labor Movement, Undated


Rutgers University


Box 33 Folder 2 to 5 Administrative, 1969-1979, (4 Folders)


Box 33 Folder 6 Sociology Department, 1976-1978



Box 34 Folder 1 St. Gregory's Parish-- Staff Meetings and Notes, 1968


Box 34 Folder 2 Shaw, Richard, 1977


Box 34 Folder 3 Task Force on Social Ministries, 1980


Box 34 Folder 4 Vatican Council


Box 34 Folder 5 West Park Religious Council, 1959

Series III. Urban Planning and Community Organizing, 1959-1979

This series chronicles Browne's involvement in urban planning and urban renewal initiatives in New York City and Paterson, New Jersey.


Subseries 1: Paterson, New Jersey, 1972-1979

This subseries contains Browne's files relating to his work with organizations such as the Paterson Coalition, a coalition of local community organizations working together for the general betterment of their community, and local groups committed to historic preservation.


Box 34 Folder 6 to 7 Correspondence, 1972-1979, (2 Folders)


Box 34 Folder 8 Great Falls Development Corporation, 1973-1979



Box 35 Folder 1 History, 1977-1979


Box 35 Folder 2 INCCA Carroll Street Housing, 1977-1979


Box 35 Folder 3 Minutes and Agendas (Various Groups), 1973-1978


Box 35 Folder 4 to 5 Paterson Coalition, 1973-1976, (2 Folders)


Box 35 Folder 6 Save Paterson's Living American Social Heritage (SPLASH), 1975


Subseries 2: West Side Urban Renewal, 1959-1979

This subseries documents Browne's involvement in issues of urban renewal on New York's Upper West Side. Notably, it documents the development and early activities of the Strycker's Bay Neighborhood Council and Strycker's Bay Housing Development, including correspondence, meeting minutes and agendas, and manuscript and printed material dealing with the development of the Upper West Side of Manhattan.



Box 36 Folder 1 to 3 General, 1964-1979, (3 Folders)


Box 36 Folder 4 City-Wide Squatter's Movement, 1971


Box 36 Folder 5 Clippings, 1973-1974


Box 36 Folder 6 Clippings-- Broadway Local, Undated



Box 37 Folder 1 Joint Parish Committee, 1959-1960


Box 37 Folder 2 New York City Housing Authority, 1974-1976


Box 37 Folder 3 Publications and Manuscripts, 1960s


Box 37 Folder 4 Ratensky, Samuel, 1959


Box 37 Folder 5 Redevelopment Sites, 1971-1974


Box 37 Folder 6 Religious Organizations, 1961-1963


Box 37 Folder 7 Reports and Plans, 1960


Box 37 Folder 8 Sacred Heart Parish Centennial, 1977


Box 37 Folder 9 Statements and Press Releases, 1961-1962



Box 38 Folder 1 to 2 Strycker's Bay Cooperative, 1960-1969, (2 Folders)


Strycker's Bay Neighborhood Council


Box 38 Folder 3 to 6 General, 1960-1979, (4 Folders)



Box 39 Folder 1 to 6 General, 1967-1979, (6 Folders)



Box 40 Folder 1 to 2 General, 1980 and Undated, 1980, Undated, (2 Folders)


Box 40 Folder 3 General, Microfilm


Box 40 Folder 4 to 8 Correspondence, 1965-1971, (5 Folders)



Box 41 Folder 1 Correspondence-- Schafer, Roger, 1960-1961


Box 41 Folder 2 to 3 Community Action Projects, 1966-1967, (2 Folders)


Box 41 Folder 4 Housing Committee, 1960-1961


Box 41 Folder 5 Legal Documents, 1971


Box 41 Folder 6 New York City Board of Estimate, 1970-1971


Box 41 Folder 7 New York City Housing Authority, 1968-1973



Box 42 Folder 1 Newsletters and Announcement, 1970-1971


Box 42 Folder 2 Project Committee, 1966-1967


Box 42 Folder 3 Relocation Committee, 1960


Box 42 Folder 4 Reports, 1967-1970


Box 42 Folder 5 Statement of the Role of Federal Government in Urban Affairs,, 1966


Box 42 Folder 6 West Side Neighborhood Organizations, 1959-1960