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   Committee for the Education of Russian Youth in Exile Records, ca. 1914-1939.

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Preferred Citation

[Collection Name]. Rare Book and Manuscript Library. Columbia University.

COinS Metadata available (e.g., for Zotero).

Summary Information

At a Glance

Bib ID:4078330 View CLIO record
Creator(s):Committee for the Education of Russian Youth in Exile.
Title:Committee for the Education of Russian Youth in Exile Records, ca. 1914-1939.
Physical description:36 linear feet (72 boxes; 1 box of negatives on glass plates).
Language(s):In English
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Scope and Content

This collection includes Papers of the Committee for the Education of Russian Youth in Exile, and its predecessors, Refugees in Russia and the Committee for the Rescue and Education of Russian Children, and Papers of the Committee’ Director, Thomas Whittemore. The collection, which consists of correspondence, files on students supported by the Committee, financial records, photographs, manuscripts, documents, and printed materials, with the bulk dates 1914-1936.

Correspondence with contributors reflects a deep involvement of Massachusetts aristocracy in the relief work in Russia during World War I, Revolution of 1917, Civil War and exodus. Correspondence with organizations presents the Committee’s close collaboration with various Relief organizations such as Red Cross, Zemgor in its relief efforts. Series of correspondence also includes letters of the Committee’s representatives in Europe and schools where supported by the Committee students were studied. Cataloged materials include correspondence with prominent persons such as Bernard Baruch, T.A. Edison, Osip Gabrilovich, Herbert Hoover, Sergei Kusevitskii, Henry Cabot Lodge, Aylmer Maude, Sergei Rakhmaninov, and others. Manuscripts of famous Russian writer Evgenii Chirikov is listed under the Cataloged Manuscripts subseries. There are extensive files on students, chiefly college and technical students supported by the Committee in European and Middle Eastern institutions in the 1920s. Financial records are chiefly from the United States, France, and Bulgaria, and photographs from France and Bulgaria.

There are also extensive research materials on situations in Russia, Bulgaria, and Balkans in the period of 1919-1920s.

Thomas Whittemore Papers consist of materials related to the Committee’s activity as well as to his professional archeological interests and activities, including materials on the Byzantine Institute, purchase of the Danilov’s Monastery Bells and their transfer to the Harvard University, and financial aid to Mount Athos Monasteries.

Series I: Materials of Prominent People

(see also T.Whittemore Papers)

Series IV: Reports and Financial Records

(includes various related materials, such as letters of various persons, clippings, photographs, etc)

Subseries IV.10: Paris Office, 1919-1934

(Includes reports and financial records on Belgium, France, Germany, Switzerland)

Series V: Students Files

(Series consists of correspondence, academic records, photographs, and some students' drawings)

Subseries V.1: Group Academic Records

(Subseries includes various schools’ records and reports on more than 1 student)

Subseries V.3: Personal Files

(Subseries consists of students photographs, correspondence with the Committee and contributors, academical records, etc)

Series VII: Arranged Manuscript

(more manuscripts are part of other Series)

Series IX: T. Whittemore Papers

(T. Whittemore photographs see Series Photographs)

Subseries IX.1: Correspondence

(See also: Series I: Materials of Prominent People--Subseries I.1: Correspondence; Series V: Students Files; Series VI: Subject Files; Subseries IX.8: Subject Files. Includes correspondence with prominent persons, such as Randal (American Comissioner), Randolph (American Counsil in Russia), etc)

Subseries IX.3: Biographical Materials, 1919-1920

(writings presenting facts of T. Whittemore's biography and references of his work written by various persons, including Charles Richard Crane, Charles W. Eliot, and David R. Frances

Subseries IX.8: Subject Files

(consists of correspondence, documents, printed materials, financial documents)

Series X: Photographs

(Organized by countries, then cities, and then chronologically. Many photographs inscribed, mounted, or accompanied with labels. More photographs of students see also: Students Files. Cross references are provided when possible. Ocasionaly photographs could be found in other series. Check the Photograph Index.)

Subseries X.13: Yugoslavia

(see also photographs of students in Yugoslavia, 1922-1925 in: Photoalbums--"Students. Com. for Education of Russian Youth in Exile: Narva, Egypt, Gallipoli, Jugoslavia, Czechoslovakia, Germany, France. 1922-1924" (Box 108, folder 4))

Subseries X.14: Photoalbums

(Consists of photoalbums with photographs from various countries)

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Using the Collection


Preferred Citation

[Collection Name]. Rare Book and Manuscript Library. Columbia University.

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About the Finding Aid / Processing Information

Columbia University Libraries. Rare Book and Manuscript Library; machine readable finding aid created by Columbia University Libraries Digital Library Program Division

Processing Information

Papers Accessioned 1960

Papers Accessioned 07/--/81

Machine readable finding aid generated from MARC-AMC source via XSLT conversion June 26, 2009 Finding aid written in English.
    2009-06-26 File created.

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Subject Headings

The subject headings listed below are found in this collection. Links below allow searches at Columbia University through the Archival Collections Portal and through CLIO, the catalog for Columbia University Libraries, as well as ArchiveGRID, a catalog that allows users to search the holdings of multiple research libraries and archives.

All links open new windows.

Additional Creators

HeadingCUL Archives:
CUL Collections:
Nat'l / Int'l Archives:
Baruch, Bernard M., 1870-1965.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Edison, Thomas A., 1847-1931.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Ermolov, Boris Nikolaevich.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Ermolov, Dmitriĭ.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Gabrilowitsch, Ossip, 1878-1936.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Gano, Seth.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Hoover, Herbert, 1874-1964.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Koussevitzky, Serge, 1874-1951.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Lodge, Henry Cabot, 1902- .PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Maude, Aylmer, 1858-1938.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Rakhmaninov, Sergeĭ, 1873-1943.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Somoff, Nadine.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID


HeadingCUL Archives:
CUL Collections:
Nat'l / Int'l Archives:
Emigration and immigration--Soviet Union--20th century.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Emigration and immigration--United States--20th century.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID

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History / Biographical Note

Historical Note

The Committee for the Education of Russian Youth in Exile (then Refugees in Russia) was founded in 1916. For many years it was directed by Thomas Whittemore (1871-1950), an American archeologist and Byzantinist who began relief work with Galician war refugees in 1915.

From about 1919 on, the concern of the organization became chiefly educational. In 1919-1922, the name of the organization was the Committee for the Rescue and Education of Russian Children, and it subsequently became the Committee for the Education of Russian Youth in Exile.

The Committee, recognized by the Red Cross, was under the presidency of Elizabeth Cram; Seth T. Gano served as treasurer for more than two decades. The Committee was at its most active in the 1920s, and supported students in many European countries and Middle East. In 1924-25, for example, it supported about 400 students, chiefly in France, and also about 500 children in schools in Bulgaria. Its most important representatives in Europe were Nadezhda Somova and Boris Ermolov in France, Aleksandr and Dmitrii Ermolov in Bulgaria, and Aleksandr Brandt in Yougoslavia. The Committee went out of existence in 1931, although some of its functions continued after that point.

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