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Series I: Correspondence, 1898-1964, undated
Series III: Documents, 1881-1938
Series IV: Photographs and Drawings
At a Glance
Material is arranged in five series.
Scope and Contents
Papers include personal and professional correspondence, documents, manuscripts, photographs, drawings, printed materials. Most of the collection consists of Al'tschuler's personal and professional papers and letters from colleagues, patients and friends. Materials of the collection deal with professional affairs, revolution and civil war in Crimea, Al'tschuller's sanatorium in Yalta, emigration to Constantinople, Germany, Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, activity of such organizations as Russkii zagranichnyi istoricheskii arkhiv and Vserossiiskii zemskii soiuz.
Letters from colleagues, patients and friends constitute approximately one third of the collections and contain interesting material on the Russian home front during World War I, the 1917 Russian Revolution, and the early years of the Russian emigration. Noted also should be a letter (unidentified) about the situation in Crimea under bolsheviks terror and letters to ALtschuller from France during 1940-1941, especially those of Prince P. Dolgorukov and Prince V. Obolenskii, describing conditions among Russian emigres in German-occupied France.
The manuscripts include Isaak Altschuller' school compositions, his notes and typescripts of Elenev's essay and unidentified poetry.
The documents include passports, certificates, financial records, contracts, the last will, passes, permits, memberships of professional and social organization, mandates, orders, documents issued by various authorities, including German, White Army, Bolshevik in Crimea, and other materials that chronicle a turbulent period of Russian history from the end of 19th century to the end of 1930s including chaotic course of military conflict in Crimea, revolution, civil war and emigration. Documents also include materials related to Dr. Altschuller's activities as a member of the Yalta chapter of the Vserossiiskii zemskii soiuz where he served as head of the Union's Medical and Sanitary Department, and as president of the Medical and Sanitary Commission of the Constantinople Committee to Aid the Starving in Russia. A small section of the third party materials include Grigorii Al'tshuller's document, Rodzianko's letter to Goremykin, draft of "Russkie Soiuzy" project, and Nikolai Bazhenov's busines card.
There is one photograph and two drawings of Isaak Altschuller.
The printed materials include three issues of a rare periodical published for the Allied forces in Crimea: nos. 8-10 (Feb. 1-5, 1919) of "Dernieres Nouvelles, and three issues of Yalta gymnasium journal "Chaiki" (1913-1914).
Using the Collection
Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Conditions Governing Access
You will need to make an appointment in advance to use this collection material in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room. You can schedule an appointment once you've submitted your request through your Special Collections Research Account.
This collection is located on-site.
Terms Governing Use and Reproduction
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. The RBML maintains ownership of the physical material only. Copyright remains with the creator and his/her heirs. The responsibility to secure copyright permission rests with the patron.
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Isaak Naumovich Al'tschuler Papers; Box and Folder; Bakhmeteff Archive, Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Source of acquisition--Katia Jacobs. Method of acquisition--Gift; Date of acquisition--1994.
About the Finding Aid / Processing Information
Columbia University Libraries, Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Oct. 2022 -- processed by Katia Davidenko; bib ID assigned, AS record created.
History / Biographical Note
Biographical / Historical
Isaak Naumovich Altschuler (1870-1943), medical doctor, physician to Leo Tolstoy and Anton Chekhov. Medical graduate of Moscow University (1895), specialist in the treatment of tuberculosis, he made a medical practice in Yalta where he eventually started his own sanatorium (1918-1920). During the civil war Dr. Altschuller played a leading role in the Yalta chapter of the All-Russian Zemstvos Union and served as head of the Union's Medical and Sanitary Department.
After emigrating with his family from Russia in 1920, he continued working in his profession. Initially he worked at the Russian hospital in Constantinople, where in 1921 the hospital for tuberculosis was opened under his direction and care; he was president of the Medical and Sanitary Commission of the Constantinople Committee to Aid the Starving in Russia.
From 1920 to 1938 he lived and worked in Sofia, Belgrade, Birkenvorder sanatorium (Germany; 1922-1932), then in Prague till 1938. In 1935, Dr. Altschuller was elected member of the Council of Russian Historical Archive Abroad in Prague. In 1938 he and his family emigrated to the United States where hi lived firsts in Los Angeles and then since 1940 in New York.
Alternative spelling of Al'tschuler's last name includes: Al'tschuller; Al'tshuller; Al'tshuler.