Rare Book & Manuscript Library
 

Russian Freemasons in France Collection, 1920-1950

Summary Information

At a Glance

Call No.: BA#0553
Bib ID 15964376 View CLIO record
Creator(s) Krivoshein, Igorʹ Aleksandrovich, 1899-1987
Title Russian Freemasons in France Collection, 1920-1950
Physical Description 1 Linear Feet (1 ms box, 1 oversize folder)
Language(s) English , French , Russian .
Access You will need to make an appointment in advance to use this collection material in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room. You can schedule an appointment once you've submitted your request through your Special Collections Research Account.

This collection has no restrictions.

Arrangement

Description

Content Description

The collection is largely composed of Igor' Krivoshein's materials related to Freemasonry, including his manuscripts, personal documents, and printed materials. Also included are photographs and biographical materials, as well as materials relating more broadly to Russian Freemasonry.

Using the Collection

Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Restrictions on Access

You will need to make an appointment in advance to use this collection material in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room. You can schedule an appointment once you've submitted your request through your Special Collections Research Account.

This collection has no restrictions.

Terms Governing Use and Reproduction

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. The RBML maintains ownership of the physical material only. Copyright remains with the creator and his/her heirs. The responsibility to secure copyright permission rests with the patron.

Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Russian Freemasons in France Collection; Box and Folder; Bakhmeteff Archive, Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Source of Acquision--Nikita Krivocheine; Method of acquistion--Gift; Date of acquisition--2006

About the Finding Aid / Processing Information

Columbia University Libraries, Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Processing Information

Collection was processed in February 2022 by Jane Meyers.

Subject Headings

The subject headings listed below are found in this collection. Links below allow searches at Columbia University through the Archival Collections Portal and through CLIO, the catalog for Columbia University Libraries, as well as ArchiveGRID, a catalog that allows users to search the holdings of multiple research libraries and archives.

All links open new windows.

Subject

Heading "CUL Archives:"
"Portal"
"CUL Collections:"
"CLIO"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
"ArchivedGRID"
Emigration and immigration -- France -- Russians -- 20th century Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Freemasons Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Krivoshein, Igorʹ Aleksandrovich, 1899-1987 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Krivosheĭn, Aleksandr Vasilévich, 1857-1921 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Shatilov, Pavel Nikolaevich, 1887-1943 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Vrangel', Petr Nikolaevich, Baron, 1878-1928 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID

History / Biographical Note

Biographical / Historical

Igor' Aleksadrovich Krivoshein (1899-1987), prominent figure in Freemasonry, Captain of the Life Guards Cavalry Artillery, participant in the Resistance movement in France, awarded the Medal of Resistance, prisoner of Nazi and Soviet concentration camps, son of the Russian Imperial Minister of agriculture

Igor Krivoshein fought in the Volunteer Army until the evacuation in 1920, then he moved to France. At the start of World War II, Krivoshein became an active member of the French Resistance, working with the famous Mother Maria (Skobstova), helping Soviet prisoners of war, as well as Jewish people, escape the Reich. For his efforts, Igor' Krivoshein was arrested multiple times, spending the final months of the war in the Dora concentration camp before being liberated by the US troops. After the war, Krivoshein along with many other White emigrees returned to Russia under the promise of amnesty. However, this proved to be a false promise, and Krivoshien was arrested almost immediately upon his return to the USSR in 1949. After Stalin's death Krivoshein was released, and he returned to Paris, where he lived until his death in 1987.

Igor Krivoshein was a prominent figure in Freemasonry, was elevated to 33 ° of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite. In 1922, he was initiated into the Astrea Lodge No. 500 of the Grand Lodge of France, until 1930 and in 1933-1935 - its venerable master. Since 1928, he was a member of the Friends of Philosophy improvement lodge, was its secretary (1930-1931) and the first guard (1934-1935). In 1932 he was Chancellor of the Astrea Chapter. In 1932 he was a founding member of the Lotus Lodge. In 1931-1932, he was the ceremonial head of the Jupiter Lodge. Raised to 33° on November 4, 1945, in 1945-1947 - member of the Russian Council of the 33rd degree [2]. In 1937-1947, he was the managing master of the Council for the Association of Russian Lodges of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite. In 1948, he was expelled from all Masonic organizations in connection with his departure to the USSR.

At the end of his life, after returning to France, he resumed membership in Masonic organizations. In 1975-1976, he was a member of the Supreme Council of France, and the second great guardian of the Astrea chapter.

External users and Columbia affiliates may view materials on-site at RBML. Due to COVID-19 restrictions, only Columbia affiliates may view materials on-site at Avery, Starr, and Burke. After clicking 'Submit Request', users will login with their UNI and password (Columbia affiliates) or their special collections account (external users). Appointments are required and will be arranged according to each individual repository's policy.


Series I: Manuscripts


Writings of Igor' Krivoshein



Box 1 Folder 1 Mèmoire, (typescript, 7 pages)


Box 1 Folder 2 Otchet o rezistanskoi rabote, (printout from "Vestnik uchastnikov soprotivleniia", 13 page article)


Box 1 Folder 3 Rol' masonstva po svidetel'stvu istorikov revoliutsii, (typescript, fragment of other manuscript, 43 pages)


Box 1 Folder 4-8 Zarubezhnoe masonstvo i ego protivniki, (typscript, 277 pages)


Box 1 Folder 9 Aitov, Vladimir Davidovich. Untitled, (handwritten, in French, 7 pages)

Series II: Documents, undated, 1907-1985

Mostly documents related to Igor Krivoshein's Russian Freemasons membership. Also included are documents of the Nikol'skaia manufaktura and Sergei Morozov.


Freemason membership documents for Igor' Krivoshein


Box 1 Folder 10 Action Philanthropique Fraternelle: membership card and status, undated, 1981


Grande Loge de France


Box 1 Folder 11 Cerificates, 1945, 1975


Box 1 Folder 12 Diplome de Maitre, 1924


Box 1 Folder 12 Instructions for the first and second degree, 1922, 1923

(printed brochures issued to Igor' Krivoshein, signed, dated, and stamped; in French)


Box 1 Folder 13 Russian Council 33rd degree membership document, 1946


Supreme Counseil pour la France et ses dependances



Box BAR Shared MS Flat 1 Diplomas of degrees, 1927-1975, (oversize)



Box 1 Folder 14 Instructions, 1927-1933

(printed brochures issued to Igor' Krivoshein, signed, dated, and stamped; in French)


Box 1 Folder 14 Membership card, 1985


Nikol'skaia Manufaktura Savvy Morozova


Box 1 Folder 15 Book of Shares, 1918-1933


Box 1 Folder 16 Certificate of Share of Sergei Timofeevich Morozov, 1907

Series III: Photographs and Biographical Materials about the Krivoshein Family, undated, 1920-1996

Mostly family photographs, also included is a copy of photographs with Vrangel and Shatilov. Biographical materials include articles about Krivoshein family and a family tree.

Photographs, undated, 1920-1960s


Box 1 Folder 17 Krivoshein, Aleksander Vasil'evich

(group and individual photographs, copy of his portrait by Mate)


Box 1 Folder 17 Krivoshein, Igor' Aleksandrovich


Box 1 Folder 17 Krivoshein, Kirill Aleksandrovich


Box 1 Folder 17 Krivoshein, Nikita Igorevich


Box 1 Folder 17 Krivosheina, Elena Gennadievna (nee Karpova)


Box 1 Folder 17 Morozova, Olga Vasil'evna


Box 1 Folder 17 Shatilov, Pavel Nikolai


Box 1 Folder 17 Vrangel', Petr Nikolaievich


Box 1 Folder 18 Biographical materials about the Krivoshein family, undated, 1996

(printouts and magazine)

Series IV: Printed Materials, 1914-1947

Books and periodical


Box 1 Masonstvo v ego proshlom i nastoniashchem, [1914-1915], (book)


Box 1 Mèmoire des mortes morts de la Grand Loge de France: 1939-1945, 1947, (book)


Box 1 Folder 19 Russkii Vol'nyi Kamen'shchik, #2, Paris, 1946, (periodical)