Rare Book & Manuscript Library
 

Zhang, Fakui papers, 1912-1966, bulk 1935-1949

Summary Information

Abstract

The Zhang Fakui papers emphasize General Zhang's military career as a Chinese Nationalist General during the important years of the Sino-Japanese War. The bulk of the papers consist of documents and maps relating to the history of the Fourth War Zone which he commanded during the Sino-Japanese War dating from 1940 to 1947. Also included are documents related to the governance and development of the Hainan dating from 1939 to 1949. Materials include correspondence, documents, maps, photographs, reports, manuscripts, and diaries.

At a Glance

Call No.: MS#1955
Bib ID 13527777 View CLIO record
Creator(s) Zhang, Fakui, 1896-1980
Title Zhang, Fakui papers, 1912-1966, bulk 1935-1949
Physical Description 4 Linear Feet (10 manuscript boxes); 6 Reels (3 reels, 2 copies)
Language(s) Chinese , Japanese .
Other Finding Aids

Index to papers in English in Box 1 Folder 1.

Access You will need to make an appointment in advance to use this collection material in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room. You can schedule an appointment once you've submitted your request through your Special Collections Research Account.

This collection is located on-site. This collection has no restrictions.

Arrangement

Arrangement

Arranged by subject in original order.

Description

Summary

The Zhang Fakui papers contains original photographs, correspondence, diaries, documents, and maps relating to the operations history of the Fourth War Zone and the governance and development of Hainan. The 22 items of correspondence consist of incoming and outgoing letters from American wartime commanders in China and others associated with him and several manifestoes by the "Third Force" political organization, dating from 1945 to 1948. There are also microfilmed correspondence from 1935 to 1966. The Fourth War Zone papers focus on the Corp's operation history during the Sino-Japanese War and also include the documents and maps, as well as manuscripts of General General Zhang's speeches and reflection reports from the subunits. The Hainan documents are materials General Zhang adopted after appointed to administer the island in 1949. Also included in the papers are copies of his diaries from 1939 to 1947 and photographs from 1914 to 1960 depicting his life, as well as him his fellow generals as patriotic military generals with enormous support from the people.

張發奎檔案含照片,來往信函,以及第四戰區和海南地區管理和發展有關文件和地圖。信函年份包括1935年至1966年 。第四戰區文件含有會議文件,戰役報告,以及戰役評論和演講稿, 年份範圍為1940-1947。海南檔案含有關日治時期的島上建設發展和地區管理文件,註明年份為1939年至1947年。

Using the Collection

Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Other Finding Aids

Index to papers in English in Box 1 Folder 1.

Conditions Governing Access

You will need to make an appointment in advance to use this collection material in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room. You can schedule an appointment once you've submitted your request through your Special Collections Research Account.

This collection is located on-site. This collection has no restrictions.

Conditions Governing Use

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. The RBML maintains ownership of the physical material only. Copyright remains with the creator and his/her heirs. The responsibility to secure copyright permission rests with the patron.

Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Zhang Fakui papers; Box and Folder; Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.

Related Material

Chinese oral history project collection, Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University. Finding Aid. This collection contains administrative information related to the project, including the interviewee files relating to his oral history interviews.

Reminiscences of Fa-k'uei Chang, 張發奎口述回憶錄; Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University. CLIO record.

Patriotic General Zhang Fakui collection, Sun Yat-sen Library of Guangdong Province. 爱国名将张发奎先生文物史料, 广东省中山图书馆.

Accruals

Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. Contact rbml@columbia.edu for more information.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Given to the Chinese oral history project in 1965 and 1968 during interviews conducted by Julie How with Zhang Fakui in Hong Kong. Parts of the collection (the Fourth War Zone papers) were purchased from Mr. Lo Fu-yao, General Zhang's associate in Hong Kong, June 1966. Microfilmed and photocopied in April 1968. Transfer to RBML with Chinese oral history project collection in 1980.

About the Finding Aid / Processing Information

Columbia University Libraries, Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Processing Information

Separated from the Chinese oral history project collection due to the papers' historical and research value and to allow better discovery and access. Processed in September 2018 by Yingwen Huang.

Revision Description

2018-09-30 File created.

2019-05-20 EAD was imported spring 2019 as part of the ArchivesSpace Phase II migration.

Subject Headings

The subject headings listed below are found in this collection. Links below allow searches at Columbia University through the Archival Collections Portal and through CLIO, the catalog for Columbia University Libraries, as well as ArchiveGRID, a catalog that allows users to search the holdings of multiple research libraries and archives.

All links open new windows.

Genre/Form

Heading "CUL Archives:"
"Portal"
"CUL Collections:"
"CLIO"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
"ArchivedGRID"
Diaries Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Documents Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Manuscripts (documents) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Maps (documents) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Microfilms Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Photographs Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Reports Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Reports Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Speeches (documents) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
black-and-white photographs Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
negatives (photographs) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID

Subject

Heading "CUL Archives:"
"Portal"
"CUL Collections:"
"CLIO"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
"ArchivedGRID"
Bowman, Charles Harwood, 1936- Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Chennault, Claire Lee, 1893-1958 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Chiang, Kai-shek, 1887-1975 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Generals -- China Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Li, Zongren, 1891-1969 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Sino-Japanese War, 1937-1945 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Sino-Japanese War, 1937-1945 -- Campaigns -- China -- Maps Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Sino-Japanese War, 1937-1945 -- China -- Maps Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
World War, 1939-1945 -- China Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Zhongguo guo min dang Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID

History / Biographical Note

Biographical/Historical

Zhang Fakui (pinyin: Zhang, Fakui; Wade Giles: Chang, Fa-k'uei; traditional Chinese: 張發奎; simplified Chinese: 张发奎; courtesy name: Xianghua, 向華; original name: Fakui, 发葵; alias: Yibin, 逸斌) was born in Guangdong province, 1896. He was a Chinese Nationalist General who participated in the Northern Expedition, Nanchang uprising, and the Sino-Japanese War. He served as the Commander-in-Chief responsible for the Fourth War Zone (or 4th Corps, 第四戰區) covering the Guangdong and Fujian province of China during the Sino-Japanese War. He was also given the nickname of the "Hero of the Iron Army" (鐵軍英雄) for his military service. In 1949, he was appointed as the Chief Executive of the Hainan special region. In the same year, General Zhang retired from his position and moved to Hong Kong, where he resided until his death in 1980.

External users and Columbia affiliates may view materials on-site at RBML. Due to COVID-19 restrictions, only Columbia affiliates may view materials on-site at Avery, Starr, and Burke. After clicking 'Submit Request', users will login with their UNI and password (Columbia affiliates) or their special collections account (external users). Appointments are required and will be arranged according to each individual repository's policy.


Zhang Fakui papers, 張發奎檔案, 1914-1966, bulk 1935-1949



Box 1 Folder 1 Inventory of papers, 檔案目錄, 1965, 1968

Prepared by the Chinese oral history project.


Photographs, 照片, 1914-1960


Box 1 Folder 2 1914-1960


Correspondence, 信函, 1929-1966


Box 1 Folder 3 Original correspondence, 原件信函, 1929-1954

Original letters from a number of American commanders in China and others associated with him, such as General Claire L. Chennault, General Harwood C. Bowman, his principal American adviser, and Admiral Willard A. Kitts. There are also several manifestos by the "Third Force" political organization in 1952 and 1954.



Microfilm Reel COHP Chang Fa-K'uei #1 Microfilmed correspondence (reel 1), 縮微信函, 1935-1966

General correspondence, letters, telegrams and other correspondence and documents related to the establishment of Hainan as a special area (1945-1947), Third session of the National Assembly (1960). 有關於海南特別區 (1945-1947), 第三國民會議 (1960)等信函.

See inventory in Box 1 Folder 1 for more details.



Box 7 Folder 2 Photocopies of microfilmed correspondence (reel 1), 縮微(第1卷), 信函影印版, 1935-1966


Diaries, 日記, 1939-1947



Microfilm Reel COHP Chang Fa-K'uei #3 Microfilm version (reel 3), 縮微版(第3卷)


Photocopies, 影印版



Box 7 Folder 3 January-July 1939


Box 7 Folder 4 August-December 1939



Box 8 Folder 1 January-June 1940


Box 8 Folder 2 July-December 1940


Box 8 Folder 3 January-June 1941


Box 8 Folder 4 July-December 1941


Box 8 Folder 5 January-June 1942



Box 9 Folder 1 July-December 1942


Box 9 Folder 2 January-June 1943


Box 9 Folder 3 July-December 1943


Box 9 Folder 4 January-June 1944


Box 9 Folder 5 July-December 1944



Box 10 Folder 1 April-October 1945, August 1946

Check microfilm for missing dates.


Box 10 Folder 2 January-December 1947

Check microfilm for missing dates.


Fourth War Zone files, 第四戰區文件, 1940-1947



Box 1 Folder 4 Conference to examine the operations of the Fourth War Zone, 第四戰區作戰檢討會文件, 原件, 1945

Documents from the "Conference to Examine the Operations of the Fourth War Zone" which Zhang commanded, from January 1945, after Zhang's defeat during the Battle of Guilin–Liuzhou 桂柳會戰 after the launch of the Japanese Operation Ichi-Go (一号作戦) in November 1944. Materials include operation reports and maps presented by three army groups and five corps under general Zhang, as well as Zhang's speech evaluating the defeat.


Draft manuscript on the history of the Fourth War Zone's operations during the Sino-Japanese War, prepared by the Plans and Operations Division of Canton Headquarters, 抗戰時期第四戰區戰役史, 原件, 1945-1947


Box 1 Folder 5 1 of 3 folders



Box 2 Folder 1-2 2-3 of 3 folders


Fourth War Zone Battle of Guinan's Chronology of Investigation, 第四戰區桂南戰史旅行暨戰調查紀事, 1940

Prepared by the Plans and Operations Division of Canton Headquarters after the Sino-Japanese War.



Microfilm Reel COHP Chang Fa-K'uei #2 Microfilm version (reel 2), 縮微版(第2卷)


Photocopies, 影印版



Box 5 Folder 2-4 1-3 of 7 folders



Box 6 Folder 1-4 4-7 of 7 folders


Hainan files, 海南文件, 1939-1949

Documents regarding the administration and regional development of Hainan in Chinese and Japanese, dating from 1939 to 1949, which General Zhang adopted after he was appointed to administer in 1949.


In Chinese, 中文



Box 2 Folder 3 Proposals on the development of Hainan, 1946-1947

崖琼綏靖建設計劃大綱; 南海群島兵要地誌初稿, 1947年3月

葉佩高: 建設崖琼之愚見

海南島電氣建設計劃書

編餘軍人屯墾琼島意見書

海南島通信建設計劃綱要, 1947年7月24日


Box 2 Folder 4 Proposals on the development of Hainan, 1946-1947

林友松:開發海南島意見書初稿

廣東省第九清勦區:37年度綏靖檢討會議議決案

併存海南資料, 1947年8-9月

有關海南島資料目錄

陳啟育:海南建設計劃大綱, 1947年7月21日

開拓民事業之經營經過及現狀

海南省施政初步計劃蒭議

報告, 1946年9月5日

電氣工業


Box 2 Folder 5 Documents related to the governance of Hainan, 1949, undated

陸軍總司令部組織規程及編制, 1949年5月

琼崖警備司令部指揮系統及編制建議案

琼崖特別區行政長官公署各處室職務分類分配表

琼崖行政長官公署組織建議案



Box 3 Folder 1 Three-year Development plan for Hainan, 海南島開發3年計劃書, 1940-1944


Box 3 Folder 2 Development plans for Hainan, 海南島事業計劃, 1941


Box 3 Folder 3 Current condition of Hainan Island, prepared by Yoichi Hatta, 八田與一: 海南島之現況, 1941


Box 3 Folder 4 Maps of Hainan, 海南地圖, undated


In Japanese, 日文


Box 3 Folder 5 Agricultural investigation committee report, 殖產局調查團報告書, 1941


Box 3 Folder 6 Maps of Hainan, 海南地圖, 1939


Box 3 Folder 7 Construction plan, 海南島建築事業, 1939



Box 4 Folder 1 Construction plan, 海南島建築事業, 1940


Box 4 Folder 2 Political information, 琼崖參政資料, 1942-1945


Box 4 Folder 3 Industrial distribution documents, 海南島產業分布圖, 1939


Box 4 Folder 4 3-Year Development plan, 海南島開發3年計劃書, 1941-1943


Box 4 Folder 5 Development plan, 海南島事業計劃書, 1941



Box 5 Folder 1 Interal Affairs Regulations, 海南島事務分掌規程, 1940-1942