Rare Book & Manuscript Library
 

Zhang Fakui papers, 1912-1966, bulk 1935-1949

Summary Information

Abstract

The Zhang Fakui papers emphasize General Zhang's military career as a Chinese Nationalist General during the important years of the Sino-Japanese War. The bulk of the papers consist of documents and maps relating to the history of the Fourth War Zone which he commanded during the Sino-Japanese War dating from 1940 to 1947. Also included are documents related to the governance and development of the Hainan dating from 1939 to 1949. Materials include correspondence, documents, maps, photographs, reports, manuscripts, and diaries.

At a Glance

Call No.: MS#1955
Bib ID 13527777 View CLIO record
Creator(s) Zhang, Fakui, 1896-1980
Title Zhang Fakui papers, 1912-1966, bulk 1935-1949
Physical Description 4 Linear Feet (10 manuscript boxes); 6 Reels (3 reels, 2 copies)
Language(s) Chinese .
Other Finding Aids

Index to papers in English in Box 1 Folder 1.

Access

This collection is located on-site. This collection has no restrictions.

Arrangement

Arrangement

Arranged by subject in original order.

Description

Summary

The Zhang Fakui papers contains original photographs, correspondence, diaries, documents, and maps relating to the operations history of the Fourth War Zone and the governance and development of Hainan. The 22 items of correspondence consist of incoming and outgoing letters from American wartime commanders in China and others associated with him and several manifestoes by the "Third Force" political organization, dating from 1945 to 1948. There are also microfilmed correspondence from 1935 to 1966. The Fourth War Zone papers focus on the Corp's operation history during the Sino-Japanese War and also include the documents and maps, as well as manuscripts of General General Zhang's speeches and reflection reports from the subunits. The Hainan documents are materials General Zhang adopted after appointed to administer the island in 1949. Also included in the papers are copies of his diaries from 1939 to 1947 and photographs from 1914 to 1960 depicting his life, as well as him his fellow generals as patriotic military generals with enormous support from the people.

張發奎檔案含照片,來往信函,以及第四戰區和海南地區管理和發展有關文件和地圖。信函年份包括1935年至1966年 。第四戰區文件含有會議文件,戰役報告,以及戰役評論和演講稿, 年份範圍為1940-1947。海南檔案含有關日治時期的島上建設發展和地區管理文件,註明年份為1939年至1947年。

Using the Collection

Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Other Finding Aids

Index to papers in English in Box 1 Folder 1.

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is located on-site. This collection has no restrictions.

Conditions Governing Use

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. The RBML maintains ownership of the physical material only. Copyright remains with the creator and his/her heirs. The responsibility to secure copyright permission rests with the patron.

Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Zhang Fakui papers; Box and Folder; Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.

Related Material

Chinese oral history project collection, Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University. Finding Aid. This collection contains administrative information related to the project, including the interviewee files relating to his oral history interviews.

Reminiscences of Fa-k'uei Chang, 張發奎口述回憶錄; Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University. CLIO record.

Patriotic General Zhang Fakui collection, Sun Yat-sen Library of Guangdong Province. 爱国名将张发奎先生文物史料, 广东省中山图书馆.

About the Finding Aid / Processing Information

Columbia University Libraries, Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Processing Information

Separated from the Chinese oral history project collection due to the papers' historical and research value and to allow better discovery and access. Processed in September 2018 by Yingwen Huang.

Revision Description

2018-09-30 File created.

2019-05-20 EAD was imported spring 2019 as part of the ArchivesSpace Phase II migration.

Subject Headings

The subject headings listed below are found in this collection. Links below allow searches at Columbia University through the Archival Collections Portal and through CLIO, the catalog for Columbia University Libraries, as well as ArchiveGRID, a catalog that allows users to search the holdings of multiple research libraries and archives.

All links open new windows.

Genre/Form

Heading "CUL Archives:"
"Portal"
"CUL Collections:"
"CLIO"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
"ArchivedGRID"
Diaries Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Documents Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Manuscripts (documents) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Maps Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Microfilms Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Photographs Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Reports Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Reports Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Speeches Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
black-and-white photographs Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
negatives (photographs) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID

Subject

Heading "CUL Archives:"
"Portal"
"CUL Collections:"
"CLIO"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
"ArchivedGRID"
Bowman, Charles Harwood, 1936- Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Chennault, Claire Lee, 1893-1958 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Chiang, Kai-shek, 1887-1975 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
China -- 20th century -- Photographs Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
China -- History -- Civil War, 1945-1949 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
China -- History -- Northern Expedition, 1926-1928 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
China -- History, Military Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
China -- History, Military -- 1912-1949 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
China -- Politics and government -- 20th century Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Generals -- China Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Hainan Sheng (China) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Li, Zongren, 1891-1969 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Sino-Japanese War, 1937-1945 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Sino-Japanese War, 1937-1945 -- Campaigns -- China -- Maps Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Sino-Japanese War, 1937-1945 -- China -- Maps Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
World War, 1939-1945 -- China Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Zhongguo guo min dang Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID

History / Biographical Note

Biographical/Historical

Zhang Fakui (pinyin: Zhang, Fakui; Wade Giles: Chang, Fa-k'uei; traditional Chinese: 張發奎; simplified Chinese: 张发奎; courtesy name: Xianghua, 向華; original name: Fakui, 发葵; alias: Yibin, 逸斌) was born in Guangdong province, 1896. He was a Chinese Nationalist General who participated in the Northern Expedition, Nanchang uprising, and the Sino-Japanese War. He served as the Commander-in-Chief responsible for the Fourth War Zone (or 4th Corps, 第四戰區) covering the Guangdong and Fujian province of China during the Sino-Japanese War. He was also given the nickname of the "Hero of the Iron Army" (鐵軍英雄) for his military service. In 1949, he was appointed as the Chief Executive of the Hainan special region. In the same year, General Zhang retired from his position and moved to Hong Kong, where he resided until his death in 1980.