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   Zhang Fakui papers, 1912-1966 bulk 1935-1949

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Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Zhang Fakui papers; Box and Folder; Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.

COinS Metadata available (e.g., for Zotero).

Summary Information

Abstract

The Zhang Fakui papers emphasize General Zhang’s military career as the prominent Chinese Nationalist General during the important years of the Sino-Japanese War. The bulk of the papers consist of documents and maps relating to the history of the Fourth War Zone which he commanded during the Sino-Japanese War dating from 1940 to 1947. Also included are documents related to the governance and development of the Hainan dating from 1939 to 1949. Materials include correspondence, documents, maps, photographs, reports, manuscripts, and diaries.

At a Glance

Bib ID:13527777 View CLIO record
Creator(s):Zhang, Fakui, 1896-1980
Title:Zhang Fakui papers, 1912-1966 bulk 1935-1949
Physical description:4 Linear Feet (10 manuscript boxes); 6 Reels
Language(s):Collection is in Chinese.
Access: The following microfilms are located off-site: Reel 1-3. You will need to request this material from the Rare Book and Manuscript Library at least two business days in advance to use the collection in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room. This collection has no restrictions.  More information »

Arrangement

Arrangement

Arranged by subject in original order.

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Description

Scope and Content

The Zhang Fakui papers contains original photographs, correspondence, diaries, documents, and maps relating to the operations history of the Fourth War Zone and the governance and development of Hainan. The 22 items of correspondence consist of incoming and outgoing letters from American wartime commanders in China and others associated with him and several manifestoes by the “Third Force” political organization, dating from 1945 to 1948. There are also microfilmed correspondence from 1935 to 1966. The Fourth War Zone papers focus on the Corp’s operation history during the Sino-Japanese War and also include the documents and maps, as well as manuscripts of General General Zhang’s speeches and reflection reports from the subunits. The Hainan documents are materials General Zhang adopted after appointed to administer the island in 1949. Also included in the papers are copies of his diaries from 1939 to 1947 and photographs from 1914 to 1960 depicting his life, as well as him his fellow generals as patriotic military generals with enormous support from the people.

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Using the Collection

Partially Offsite

Access Restrictions

 The following microfilms are located off-site: Reel 1-3. You will need to request this material from the Rare Book and Manuscript Library at least two business days in advance to use the collection in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room. This collection has no restrictions.

Restrictions on Use

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. The RBML maintains ownership of the physical material only. Copyright remains with the creator and his/her heirs. The responsibility to secure copyright permission rests with the patron.

Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Zhang Fakui papers; Box and Folder; Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.

Related Material

Chinese oral history project collection, Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University. Finding Aid . This collection contains administrative information related to the project, including the interviewee files relating to his oral history interviews.

Reminiscences of Fa-k’uei Chang, 張發奎口述回憶錄; Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University.CLIO record.

Patriotic General Zhang Fakui collection, Sun Yat-sen Library of Guangdong Province. 爱国名将张发奎先生文物史料, 广东省中山图书馆.

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About the Finding Aid / Processing Information

Columbia University Libraries. Rare Book and Manuscript Library; machine readable finding aid created by Columbia University Libraries Digital Library Program Division

Processing Information

Separated from the Chinese oral history project collection due to the papers' historical and research value and to allow better discovery and access. Processed in September 2018 by Yingwen Huang.

Machine readable finding aid generated from MARC-AMC source via XSLT conversion September 30, 2018 Finding aid written in English.
    2018-09-30 File created.

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Subject Headings

The subject headings listed below are found in this collection. Links below allow searches at Columbia University through the Archival Collections Portal and through CLIO, the catalog for Columbia University Libraries, as well as ArchiveGRID, a catalog that allows users to search the holdings of multiple research libraries and archives.

All links open new windows.

Genre/Form

HeadingCUL Archives:
Portal
CUL Collections:
CLIO
Nat'l / Int'l Archives:
ArchiveGRID
DiariesPortalCLIOArchiveGRID
DocumentsPortalCLIOArchiveGRID
ManuscriptsPortalCLIOArchiveGRID
MapsPortalCLIOArchiveGRID
MicrofilmsPortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Negatives (photographic)PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
PhotographsPortalCLIOArchiveGRID
ReportsPortalCLIOArchiveGRID
SpeechesPortalCLIOArchiveGRID
black-and-white photographsPortalCLIOArchiveGRID

Subjects

HeadingCUL Archives:
Portal
CUL Collections:
CLIO
Nat'l / Int'l Archives:
ArchiveGRID
Bowman, Charles Harwood, 1936-PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Chennault, Claire Lee, 1893-1958PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Chiang, Kai-shek, 1887-1975PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
China--20th century--PhotographsPortalCLIOArchiveGRID
China--History, MilitaryPortalCLIOArchiveGRID
China--History, Military--1912-1949PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
China--History--Civil War, 1945-1949PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
China--History--Northern Expedition, 1926-1928PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
China--Politics and government--20th centuryPortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Generals--ChinaPortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Hainan Sheng (China)PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Li, Zongren, 1891-1969PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Sino-Japanese War, 1937-1945PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Sino-Japanese War, 1937-1945--Campaigns--China--MapsPortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Sino-Japanese War, 1937-1945--China--MapsPortalCLIOArchiveGRID
World War, 1939-1945--ChinaPortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Zhongguo guo min dangPortalCLIOArchiveGRID

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History / Biographical Note

History

Zhang Fakui (pinyin: Zhang, Fakui; Wade Giles: Chang, Fa-k’uei; traditional Chinese: 張發奎; simplified Chinese: 张发奎; courtesy name: Xianghua, 向華; original name: Fakui, 发葵; alias: Yibin, 逸斌) was born in Guangdong province, 1896. He was a prominent Chinese Nationalist General who participated in the Northern Expedition, Nanchang uprising, and the Sino-Japanese War. He served as the Commander-in-Chief responsible for the Fourth War Zone (or 4th Corps, 第四戰區) covering the Guangdong and Fujian province of China during the Sino-Japanese War. He was also given the nickname of the “Hero of the Iron Army” (鐵軍英雄) for his military service. In 1949, he was appointed as the Chief Executive of the Hainan special region. In the same year, General Zhang retired from his position and moved to Hong Kong, where he resided until his death in 1980.

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