|Rare Book & Manuscript Library|
At a Glance
Scope and Contents
The collection on J. Heng Liu contains primary and secondary resources compiled by the Chinese oral history project staff in preparation for the interviews with Liu J. Heng. The materials provide information on Liu J. Heng's role at PUMC as well as other matters relating to PUMC before and during the Sino-Japanese War. The collection consists of the oral history interview transcripts from 1960 about his medical education abroad, two microfilm reels and photocopies of the one reel which contains documents relating to the PUMC and Dr. Liu's correspondence, as well as reports written by Roger S. Greene, Margery K. Eggleston, Henry S. Houghton, etc. describing the changes in the political situation in China dating from 1922 to 1945. The second microfilm reel contains primary and secondary source materials such as articles and reports about the League of Nation health organization, PUMC, public health, and medical education in China, dating from 1923 to 1946.
Using the Collection
Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Conditions Governing Access
This collection is located on site. This collection has no restrictions.
Conditions Governing Use
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. The RBML maintains ownership of the physical material only. Copyright remains with the creator and his/her heirs. The responsibility to secure copyright permission rests with the patron.
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Collection on J. Heng Liu; Box and Folder; Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.
Chinese oral history project collection, Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University. Finding Aid. This collection contains administrative information related to the project, including the interviewee files relating to Liu J. Heng's interviews.
About the Finding Aid / Processing Information
Columbia University Libraries, Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Separated from the Chinese oral history project collection due to the papers' historical and research value and to allow better discovery and access. Processed in September 2018 by Yingwen Huang.
2018-09-30 File created.
2019-05-20 EAD was imported spring 2019 as part of the ArchivesSpace Phase II migration.
History / Biographical Note
Dr. J. Heng Liu (pinyin: Liu, Ruiheng; Wade-Giles: Liu, Jui Heng, Liu J. Heng; traditional Chinese: 劉瑞恆; simplified Chinese: 刘瑞恒; courtesy name: Yueru, 月如) was born in Tianjin, 1890. He obtained his B.S. from Harvard University in 1909 and M.D. in 1915. He also interned at the Boston City Hospital as well as other schools from 1913 to 1915. He became a surgeon at the Red Cross Hospital and the Harvard Medical School of China in Shanghai from 1915 to 1918, and subsequently a surgeon at the Peking Union Medical College (PUMC, 北京協和醫科大學), from 1922 to 1926. He was the Acting Medical Superintendent of PUMC from 1924 to 1926, the Medical Superintendent from 1926 to 1934. During this time, he was the President of the National Medical Association of China (1926-1928). While Dr. Liu was serving as the Director of PUMC from 1929 to 1938, he was also the Chairman of the National Opium Suppression Commission (1930-1935), Chairman of the Military Medical Supervisory Commission of Military Council, (1932-?), the Vice Minister of Health (1928-1929), the Acting Minister of Health (1929-1930), and the Director of the National Health Administration (1930-1938). In 1944, he became the Member of Supply Mission to Washington D.C. In 1946, he was the Medical Director of the American Bureau for Medical Aid to China. Dr. Liu died on August 26, 1961, at St. Luke's Hospital, New York.