Rare Book & Manuscript Library

Collection on J. Heng Liu, 1922-1946

Summary Information


The Collection on Dr. J. Heng Liu consists of primary and secondary source materials on his medical education abroad and his career at the PUMC as well as other materials relating to medical education in China before and during the Sino-Japanese War, mostly dating from 1922 to 1946. Materials include the oral history interview transcript conducted by the Chinese oral history project, incoming and outgoing correspondence of Dr. Liu, reports on the political situation in China, as well as other articles and publications about the PUMC, western medicine, and medical education in China.

At a Glance

Bib ID 13527771 View CLIO record
Creator(s) Columbia University. Chinese Oral History Project
Title Collection on J. Heng Liu, 1922-1946
Physical Description 0.2 Linear Feet (1 manuscript box); 2 Reels
Language(s) English .

This collection is located on site. This collection has no restrictions.



Scope and Contents

The collection on J. Heng Liu contains primary and secondary resources compiled by the Chinese oral history project staff in preparation for the interviews with Liu J. Heng. The materials provide information on Liu J. Heng's role at PUMC as well as other matters relating to PUMC before and during the Sino-Japanese War. The collection consists of the oral history interview transcripts from 1960 about his medical education abroad, two microfilm reels and photocopies of the one reel which contains documents relating to the PUMC and Dr. Liu's correspondence, as well as reports written by Roger S. Greene, Margery K. Eggleston, Henry S. Houghton, etc. describing the changes in the political situation in China dating from 1922 to 1945. The second microfilm reel contains primary and secondary source materials such as articles and reports about the League of Nation health organization, PUMC, public health, and medical education in China, dating from 1923 to 1946.

Using the Collection

Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is located on site. This collection has no restrictions.

Conditions Governing Use

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. The RBML maintains ownership of the physical material only. Copyright remains with the creator and his/her heirs. The responsibility to secure copyright permission rests with the patron.

Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Collection on J. Heng Liu; Box and Folder; Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.

Related Material

Chinese oral history project collection, Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University. Finding Aid. This collection contains administrative information related to the project, including the interviewee files relating to Liu J. Heng's interviews.

About the Finding Aid / Processing Information

Columbia University Libraries, Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Processing Information

Separated from the Chinese oral history project collection due to the papers' historical and research value and to allow better discovery and access. Processed in September 2018 by Yingwen Huang.

Revision Description

2018-09-30 File created.

2019-05-20 EAD was imported spring 2019 as part of the ArchivesSpace Phase II migration.

Subject Headings

The subject headings listed below are found in this collection. Links below allow searches at Columbia University through the Archival Collections Portal and through CLIO, the catalog for Columbia University Libraries, as well as ArchiveGRID, a catalog that allows users to search the holdings of multiple research libraries and archives.

All links open new windows.


Heading "CUL Archives:"
"CUL Collections:"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
Correspondence Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Microfilms Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Oral history Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Reports Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID


Heading "CUL Archives:"
"CUL Collections:"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
China Medical Board (U.S.) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Education -- China -- History -- 1912-1949 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Education -- China -- History -- 20th century Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Eggleston, Margery K. Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Greene, Roger Sherman, 1881-1947 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Houghton, Henry S. Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Letters Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Liu, Ruiheng, 1890-1961 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Medical education -- China Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Missions, Medical -- China Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Zhongguo xie he yi ke da xue Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID

History / Biographical Note


Dr. J. Heng Liu (pinyin: Liu, Ruiheng; Wade-Giles: Liu, Jui Heng, Liu J. Heng; traditional Chinese: 劉瑞恆; simplified Chinese: 刘瑞恒; courtesy name: Yueru, 月如) was born in Tianjin, 1890. He obtained his B.S. from Harvard University in 1909 and M.D. in 1915. He also interned at the Boston City Hospital as well as other schools from 1913 to 1915. He became a surgeon at the Red Cross Hospital and the Harvard Medical School of China in Shanghai from 1915 to 1918, and subsequently a surgeon at the Peking Union Medical College (PUMC, 北京協和醫科大學), from 1922 to 1926. He was the Acting Medical Superintendent of PUMC from 1924 to 1926, the Medical Superintendent from 1926 to 1934. During this time, he was the President of the National Medical Association of China (1926-1928). While Dr. Liu was serving as the Director of PUMC from 1929 to 1938, he was also the Chairman of the National Opium Suppression Commission (1930-1935), Chairman of the Military Medical Supervisory Commission of Military Council, (1932-?), the Vice Minister of Health (1928-1929), the Acting Minister of Health (1929-1930), and the Director of the National Health Administration (1930-1938). In 1944, he became the Member of Supply Mission to Washington D.C. In 1946, he was the Medical Director of the American Bureau for Medical Aid to China. Dr. Liu died on August 26, 1961, at St. Luke's Hospital, New York.