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   Hu Chuan and Hu Shih papers, 1892-1935

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Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Hu Chuan and Hu Shih papers; Box and Folder; Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.

COinS Metadata available (e.g., for Zotero).

Summary Information

Abstract

The Hu Chuan and Hu Shih papers documented the life of Hu Chuan as a civil official of the Qing Imperial Court, as well as the life of his son, Hu Shih, who later became an eminent Chinese philosopher, essayist, educator, scholar, and diplomat of the 20th century. Materials include in the collection are Hu Chuan’s own writings and Hu Shih’s diaries, which contain correspondence, news clippings, lecture notes, letters dating from 1921 to 1935.

At a Glance

Bib ID:13527751 View CLIO record
Creator(s):Hu, Shi, 1891-1962
Title:Hu Chuan and Hu Shih papers, 1892-1935
Physical description:6 Reels
Language(s):Collection is in Chinese.
Access: This collection is located on-site. This collection has no restrictions. Entire collection is in microfilm.  More information »

Arrangement

Arrangement

Arranged in original order.

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Description

Scope and Content

The Hu Chuan and Hu Shih papers contain 6 microfilm reels of selected pages from Hu Shih’s diaries, which include correspondence, notes, writings, dating from 1921 to 1935, as well as the papers of Hu Shih's father, Hu Chuan, about his political career as an official of the Qing Imperial Court. Materials in the Hu Chuan papers include his original writings, survey reports during his time as an official in Taiwan from 1892 to 1895 prior to the First Sino-Japanese war, a memorial tribute among other writings. The Hu Shih diaries contains his daily written entries of his life, and correspondence, letters, news clippings he collected. His diaries also include reading notes, travel notes, and lecture notes, as well as his writings relating to China Foundation, redology, cultural movements, political thoughts, literary reviews, etc.

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Using the Collection

RBML

Access Restrictions

This collection is located on-site.

This collection has no restrictions.

Entire collection is in microfilm.

Restrictions on Use

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. The RBML maintains ownership of the physical material only. Copyright remains with the creator and his/her heirs. The responsibility to secure copyright permission rests with the patron.

Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Hu Chuan and Hu Shih papers; Box and Folder; Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.

Related Material

Chinese oral history project collection, Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University. Finding Aid . This collection contains administrative information related to the project, including the interviewee files relating to Hu Shih's interviews.

Hu Shih papers at Cornell University, #41-5-2578. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.

Reminiscences of Shih Hu, 胡適口述回憶錄

Hu Shih archive at the Hu Shih Memorial Hall, Institute of Modern History, Academia Sinica.Home page.

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About the Finding Aid / Processing Information

Columbia University Libraries. Rare Book and Manuscript Library; machine readable finding aid created by Columbia University Libraries Digital Library Program Division

Processing Information

Separated from the Chinese oral history project collection due to the papers' historical and research value and to allow better discovery and access. Finding aid created in September 2018 by Yingwen Huang.

Machine readable finding aid generated from MARC-AMC source via XSLT conversion September 30, 2018 Finding aid written in English.
    2018-09-30 File created.

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Subject Headings

The subject headings listed below are found in this collection. Links below allow searches at Columbia University through the Archival Collections Portal and through CLIO, the catalog for Columbia University Libraries, as well as ArchiveGRID, a catalog that allows users to search the holdings of multiple research libraries and archives.

All links open new windows.

Additional Creators

HeadingCUL Archives:
Portal
CUL Collections:
CLIO
Nat'l / Int'l Archives:
ArchiveGRID
Hu, Chuan, 1841-1895PortalCLIOArchiveGRID

Genre/Form

HeadingCUL Archives:
Portal
CUL Collections:
CLIO
Nat'l / Int'l Archives:
ArchiveGRID
Clippings (Information Artifacts)PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
CorrespondencePortalCLIOArchiveGRID
DiariesPortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Lecture notesPortalCLIOArchiveGRID
LettersPortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Manuscripts (documents)PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
NotesPortalCLIOArchiveGRID

Subjects

HeadingCUL Archives:
Portal
CUL Collections:
CLIO
Nat'l / Int'l Archives:
ArchiveGRID
Beijing da xuePortalCLIOArchiveGRID
BuddhismPortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Cai, Yuanpei, 1868-1940PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Chiang, Monlin, 1886-1964PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
China--Description and travelPortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Chinese language--Study and teaching (Higher)PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Chinese literature--History and criticismPortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Chinese literature--PhilosophyPortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Dewey, John, 1859-1952PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Education, Higher--ChinaPortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Europe--Description and travelPortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Language and culture--ChinaPortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Philosophy, Chinese--20th centuryPortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Taiwan--HistoryPortalCLIOArchiveGRID
WritingPortalCLIOArchiveGRID

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History / Biographical Note

History

Hu Chuan (Chines: 胡傳; original name: Shan, 珊; courtesy name: Tiehua, 鐵花; alias: Dunfu, 鈍夫) was born in Anhui province, 1841. He was a scholar and an official of the Qing Imperial Court. He came from a tea merchant family in Huizhou. During his youth, he studied excessively while helping out with his family’s business. In 1881, he traveled alone to the Northeastern region of China and was later involved in politics. He assumed civil positions in Guangdong, Hainan, Zhengzhou, and Jiangsu. In 1890, He returned to his hometown and married Feng Shundi (馮順弟), who was 17 years old at the time. The following year, the eminent Chinese philosopher and scholar, Hu Shih, was born. In 1892, Hu was appointed the chief commissioner to Taiwan where he oversaw all cultural and military affairs. He stayed in Taiwan for three years until the First Sino-Japanese War broke out in 1894 during which Taiwan was ceded to Japan. He later died in Xiamen, at the age of 55.

Hu Shih (pinyin: Hu, Shi; Wade Giles: Hu, Shih; Traditional Chinese: 胡適; Simplified Chinese: 胡适; original name: Hongxing, 洪騂; courtesy name: Shizhi, 適之) was born in Shanghai, 1891. In 1910, he began studying abroad at Cornell University, and received his BA in philosophy and literature in 1914. He later attended Columbia University and studied philosophy under Professor John Dewey. Hu Shih soon became Dewey’s translator and helped with his 1919-1921 lecture in China. He later devote his life to the advocacy for pragmatic changes. After returning to China, Hu became the one of the leaders during the May Fourth Movement and the New Culture Movement. He was the main advocate for the use of written vernacular Chinese in contrast to the obsolete classical Chinese. He also made contribution to redology (the study of a classical novel, the Dream of the Red Chamber). From 1938 to 1942, he was an ambassador to the U.S. He served as the chancellor of Peking University between 1946 and 1948. In 1957, he served as the president of the Academia Sinica. He died in Taipei, 1962 at the age of 70.

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