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Constance Baker Motley Papers, 1935-2006

Summary Information

At a Glance

Call No.: MS#1688
Bib ID 12400456 View CLIO record
Creator(s) Motley, Constance Baker, 1921-2005
Title Constance Baker Motley Papers, 1935-2006
Physical Description 13.72 linear feet (24 boxes)
Language(s) English .
Access

This collection is located off-site. You will need to request this material at least three business days in advance to use the collection in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room.

The Rare Book and Manuscript Library ia unable to allow patrons access to original recordings on audiocassettes, reel-to-reel tapes, film, analog records, and videotapes. If you need access to this type of material, please contact rbml@columbia.edu to discuss the possibility of reproduction or reformatting.

Arrangement

Arrangement

Arranged in 12 series.

Description

Summary

The bulk of the Motley papers document her professional life. The papers include correspondence, manuscripts, memoranda, speeches, interviews, photographs, audio cassettes, and memorabilia.

Using the Collection

Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Restrictions on Access

This collection is located off-site. You will need to request this material at least three business days in advance to use the collection in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room.

The Rare Book and Manuscript Library ia unable to allow patrons access to original recordings on audiocassettes, reel-to-reel tapes, film, analog records, and videotapes. If you need access to this type of material, please contact rbml@columbia.edu to discuss the possibility of reproduction or reformatting.

Terms Governing Use and Reproduction

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. The RBML maintains ownership of the physical material only. Copyright remains with the creator and his/her heirs. The responsibility to secure copyright permission rests with the patron.

Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Constance Baker Motley Papers; Box and Folder; Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.

About the Finding Aid / Processing Information

Columbia University Libraries, Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Processing Information

Papers processed, 6/25/2012 by Ryan McComas

Papers revised, 2/15/2017 by Christopher M. Laico

Revision Description

2017-02-18 File created.

2019-05-20 EAD was imported spring 2019 as part of the ArchivesSpace Phase II migration.

Subject Headings

The subject headings listed below are found in this collection. Links below allow searches at Columbia University through the Archival Collections Portal and through CLIO, the catalog for Columbia University Libraries, as well as ArchiveGRID, a catalog that allows users to search the holdings of multiple research libraries and archives.

All links open new windows.

Genre/Form

Heading "CUL Archives:"
"Portal"
"CUL Collections:"
"CLIO"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
"ArchivedGRID"
Articles Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Audiocassettes Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Clippings (Information Artifacts) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Correspondence Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Memorandums Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Oral histories (literary works) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Speeches (documents) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Trial Transcripts Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Videotapes Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
black-and-white photographs Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
minutes (administrative records) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID

Subject

Heading "CUL Archives:"
"Portal"
"CUL Collections:"
"CLIO"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
"ArchivedGRID"
African American women judges Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Civil rights -- History Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Columbia University. School of Law Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Fisk University Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Judges Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Marshall, Thurgood, 1908-1993 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Minority judges Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Motley, Constance Baker, 1921-2005 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Segregation in education -- Law and legislation Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
United States. District Court (New York) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID

History / Biographical Note

Biographical / Historical

Constance Juanita Baker was born on September 14th, 1921 in New Haven, Connecticut. She was the ninth of twelve children of Rachel Huggins and Willoughby Alva Baker, both emigrants from Nevis, British West Indies. Her childhood neighborhood, although ethnically diverse (comprised of West Indian, Irish, Italian, Jewish, and Polish families) was relatively free from racial rancor. Rachel Baker was a founder of the New Haven NAACP and Motley was exposed to African American history, especially the writings of W.E.B. DuBois, in her Sunday School. While in high school, Motley became president of the New Haven Youth Council and was secretary of the New Haven Adult Community Council. In 1939, she graduated with honors from Hillhouse High School. Though she had already formed a desire to practice law, Motley lacked the means to attend college, and instead went to work for the National Youth Administration. She also continued her involvement in community activities and it was through this work that she encountered local businessman and philanthropist Clarence Blakeslee, who, after hearing Motley speak at a New Haven community center, offered to pay for her education. She spent a year at Fisk University in Nashville, Tennessee, then transferred to New York University in 1942, earning her A.B. in economics from its Washington Square College in 1943. In February 1944 she began her legal studies at Columbia Law School. She graduated in 1946, the same year she married Joel Wilson Motley, Jr., a real estate and insurance broker. Their son, Joel Motley III, was born in 1952.

In 1945 Constance Motley took a job as law clerk to Thurgood Marshall, chief counsel of the NAACP's Legal Defense and Educational Fund, Inc. (LDEF), and accompanied Marshall to court for most of his cases. After earning her law degree, Motley continued to work for the LDEF. In 1950 she was named assistant counsel and in 1961 she became associate counsel when Jack Greenberg succeeded Thurgood Marshall as head of the LDEF. As counsel Motley was involved in almost every important civil rights case of the era. She worked on litigation for the 1954 school desegregation case, Brown v. the Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas and subsequently fought for and won several other successful public school and university desegregation cases, including James Meredith's entry into the University of Mississippi in 1962. The LDEF also represented Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and his followers in civil rights campaigns for desegregation of public transportation and accommodations throughout the South from 1961 to 1963. Motley brought many of these civil rights cases to higher courts. Between 1961 and 1964, she argued ten civil rights cases before the U.S. Supreme Court, winning nine. [For a complete list and summaries of Motley's NAACP cases see the Columbia University project database, described in the Scope and Contents note]. In his book, Crusaders in the Courts (1994), Jack Greenberg said of Motley's work with the NAACP: "[She] was a dogged opponent of Southern segregationists, who found her tougher than Grant at Vicksburg. She dug in to a position and wouldn't let go in the face of all kinds of threats, evasion, obfuscation, and delay.".

In the late 1950s Motley had begun to be active in New York State politics. She served as a member of the New York State Advisory Council on Employment and Unemployment Insurance from 1958 to 1964, and in February 1964, she left the NAACP, having won a special election to the New York State Senate, becoming the first African American woman to serve in that body. As State Senator for the 21st Congressional District in Manhattan (roughly from 96th street on the upper west side to 161st street in Harlem), Motley launched a campaign during her first seven weeks in office to extend civil rights legislation in employment, education, and housing. She was re-elected to the Senate in November 1964 and served until February 1965, when New York City Council elected her the first woman to serve as President of the Borough of Manhattan. She was re-elected in the city-wide elections of November 1965 for a full four-year term and was the first candidate for the Manhattan Presidency to win the endorsement of the Republican, Democratic, and Liberal Parties. As Borough President, Motley drew up a seven-point program for the revitalization of Harlem and East Harlem, and won a pioneering fight for $700,000 to plan renewal projects for those and other underprivileged areas of the city. The plan included a design to decrease racial segregation in the public schools serving the housing projects.

In January 1966 Motley was nominated by President Lyndon B. Johnson for a judgeship in the Federal District Court for the Southern District of New York--the nation's largest federal court covering Manhattan, the Bronx, and six New York counties. Over tremendous opposition from southern senators (led by Senator James Eastland of Mississippi) and other federal judges, Motley was confirmed in August 1966, becoming the first woman to occupy that post, and the first African American woman ever named to the federal bench. Judge Motley continued to be a strong supporter of civil rights for minorities and the poor, as well as for women's rights. Among her many controversial decisions was the infamous "locker room case" Ludtke v. Kuhn (1978), in which she ruled that a woman reporter be admitted to the New York Yankees' locker room. In another highly publicized case Judge Motley admonished the New York City police for not providing Vietnam war protesters with adequate protection against violence in the streets (Belknap et al v. Leary, 1970). [These and other notable cases presided over by Judge Motley are summarized in the Columbia University project which is described in the Scope and Content note below.] In 1982, Judge Motley was appointed Chief Judge of the Southern District of New York and held senior status since 1986. Constance Baker Motley died in New York City in September 2005.

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Series I: Correspondence



Box 1 A-Amer


Box 1 Ames-An


Box 1 Association of the Bar of the City of New York, 1966-1994


Box 1 Association of Black Women Attorneys-Ax


Box 1 B-Bel


Box 1 Bell, Derrick A., 1967-1995


Box 1 Bell, Howard-Bi


Box 1 Bl-Bo


Box 1 Br-Brot


Box 1 Brow-By


Box 1 C-Car


Box 1 Cas-Ci


Box 1 Co-Colo


Box 1 Columbia University, 1966-2004


Box 1 Columbia University Law School Alumni Association


Box 1 Com-Con


Box 1 Coo-Cu


Box 1 D-De


Box 1 Di-Dy


Box 1 E


Box 1 F-Fa


Box 1 Fe


Box 1 Fi-Fol



Box 2 Ford Foundation Project, 1993-1995


Box 2 Fordh-Fu


Box 2 G-Gel


Box 2 General, Personal Letters, and Unidentified Correspondence I


Box 2 General, Personal Letters, and Unidentified Correspondence II


Box 2 Geo-Go


Box 2 Gr-Gu


Box 2 H-He


Box 2 Higginbotham, A. LeonEvelyn-Hu


Box 2 Higginbotham, Evelyn-Hu


Box 2 I


Box 2 J


Box 2 K-Kirk


Box 2 Kirs-Ku


Box 2 L-Le


Box 2 Liebman, Lance, 1993-1996


Box 2 Lip-Lu


Box 2 M-McC


Box 2 McD-Mi


Box 2 Mo-Mot


Box 2 Motley, Joel Jr.


Box 2 Moynihan, Daniel P.


Box 2 Mu



Box 3 N-Na


Box 3 Ne-New York University


Box 3 New York Urban League-No


Box 3 O


Box 3 P-Pi


Box 3 Po-Pu


Box 3 Q


Box 3 R-Re


Box 3 Rh-Ry


Box 3 S-Se


Box 3 Sh-Sl


Box 3 Sm-St


Box 3 Su-Sw


Box 3 T-Th


Box 3 Ti-Tu


Box 3 U


Box 3 United States District Court, Southern District of the City of New York


Box 3 United States Marshals Service


Box 3 V


Box 3 W-Wa


Box 3 We-Wh


Box 3 White House


Box 3 Wi


Box 3 Wo-Wy


Box 3 Y-Z



Box 24 Correspondence

CLOSED until 2070

Series II: Early Years, Family and Education


Subseries II.A.: Education



Box 4 Early education: New Haven High School, 1938-1939


Box 4 Continuing Education, 1940-1941


Box 4 Fisk University (Publications), 1942-1989


Box 4 Fisk University -- Memorabilia, 1941-1942


Box 4 Tuskegee Institute, 1942


Box 4 Columbia Law School 1938 1946, 1938, 1946


Subseries II.B.: Youth Organizations Involvement


Box 4 New Haven Negro Youth Council, 1940


Box 4 NAACP Negro Youth Council, Congress and Conference Involvement, 1940-1942


Box 4 NAACP Youth Council Newsletters and Press Releases, 1941-1942


Box 4 National Negro Youth Week, April, 1942


Box 4 Connecticut Conference on Socila and Labor Legislation, 1938-1940


Subseries II.C.: Family and Miscellaneous Materials


Box 4 Authgraph book of Constance Bakler Motley, 1933-1936


Box 4 Connecticut Negro Bulletin, 1937-1938


Box 4 Negros in World War II (Printed Literature), 1940


Box 4 Connecticut Historical Papers


Box 4 Narrative of the Life and Adventures of a Native of Africa--photocopy


Box 4 John Douglas Home in Chester, Connecticut (Constance Baker Motley summer home)


Box 4 Motley Family Tree, photographs and notes


Box 4 Dalton School-where son Joel attended, 1960 1964, 1960, 1964


Box 4 New Haven Register -- Clippings of the Motley Family (photocopies)

Series III: NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, 1948-1991, bulk 1948-1964


Subseries III.A.: Cases, 1948-1991, bulk 1948-1963



Box 5 Constance Baker Motley Cases -- Lexis Nexis print out. List of cases argued and Motley's NAACP Legan Defence and Education Fund business card


Box 5 David Brown vs. W.P. Baskin, et al., July, 1948


Box 5 "Gladys Noel Bates Teacher-Equalization Pay Suit" (First Trial Participation of Constance Baker Motley), 1948-1950


Box 5 Racial Discrimination by the Federal Housing Administration, February, 1949


Box 5 New York State Employment Discrimination, 1960-1961 1960-1961, 1960-1961, 1960-1961


Box 5 Desegregation Cases, 1954-1963. Legal Defense Fund Supreme Court cases


Box 5 Lucy v. Adams, University of Alabama 1955-1963 Newspaper articles, case review and narrative, 1955-1963


Box 5 Florida Public Schools, 1956-1962. Newspaper clippings and Hawkins v. Board of Control case narratives


Box 5 Arkansas Public Schools June, 1956 newspaper article, June, 1956


Box 5 Ward v. Regents of University of Georgia-Trial Transcript Part I, December, 1956


Box 5 Ward v. Regents of University of Georgia-Trial Transcript Part II, December, 1956


Box 5 Ward v. Regents of University of Georgia, 1957-1991. 191 Federal Supplement 491, Atlanta Journal articles, convention speech referencing the case, and case narrative


Box 5 Louisiana Public Schools, 1957-1961 Newspaper clippings, 1957-1961



Box 6 Darby v. Daniel -- Election Laws, 1958. Newspaper clippings


Box 6 New York State Civil Service Rules for Classified Service, 1959


Box 6 Alabama Public Schools, 1959-1963. Newspaper clippings


Box 6 Atlanta Public Schools, 1959-1963 Newspaper clippings, 1959-1963


Box 6 Hamilton M. Holmes, a minor by next friend, et al. v. Walter N. Danner , 1961


Box 6 Hamilton v. State of Alabama-Criminal Law, Right to Counsel, 1961 Newspaper clippings, 1961


Box 6 James Meredith Case, 1961-1963. Articles on case, biographies of James Meredith, and case narrative


Box 6 University of Georgia Desegregation Case, 1961-1963


Box 6 Jones v. May er -- Election Laws, 1961-1967. Supreme Court publications case


Box 6 Gantt v. Clemson Agricultural College of South Carolina 1962 Newspaper articles, 1962


Box 6 Constance Baker Motley Taxicab dispute, 1962. Correspondence and investigation reports


Box 6 Watson et al. v. Memphis Court Transcript, 1962


Box 6 Hamm v. Rock Hill. Court Transcript, October 1964


Box 6 Swain v. Alabama , 1964-1965


Box 6 Denial of Union Membership on Account of Race and Color, undated


Subseries III.B.: NAACP Publications and Related Materials, 1948-1976, bulk 1948-1964



Box 7 NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund Brochures, 1948-1963


Box 7 Memorandum to James E. Allen from NAACP 1956-1957 Regarding desegregation in NY State public schools, 1956-1957


Box 7 Integration and Race, General Topics, 1957-1974. Articles and correspondence


Box 7 Toward Equal Justice, The Story of NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, 1950s


Box 7 The Grenville Clark Plan, 1961


Box 7 White House Press Release June 19, 1963 John F. Kennedy press release concerning civil rights and job opportunities, June 19, 1963


Box 7 Medgar Evers Slaying, 1963. Newspaper clippings


Box 7 Publications Honoring Constance Baker Motley while at NAACP LD+EF, 1963-1964


Box 7 Events Honoring Constance Baker Motley while at NAACP LD+EF, 1963-1964


Box 7 The Crisis publications, 1964-1976


Subseries III.C.: Clippings, 1958-1964



Box 8 NAACP Award Clippings, 1958


Box 8 NAACP Clippings: 1960 1960 Newspaper clippings, 1960, 1960


Box 8 NAACP Clippings [acid-free copies]:, 1960


Box 8 NAACP Clippings:, 1961


Box 8 NAACP Clippings [acid-free copies]:, 1961


Box 8 NAACP Clippings:, 1962


Box 8 NAACP Clippings [acid-free copies]:, 1962


Box 8 NAACP Attorney Clippings:, 1962-1963


Box 8 NAACP Clippings:, 1963


Box 8 NAACP Clippings [acid-free copies]:, 1963


Box 8 NAACP Press Clippings, 1963


Box 8 Current Biography, Volume 25, Number 5, May, 1964

Series IV: New York State Senator, 1958-1964



Box 9 New York State Senate Identification and Election Advertisement, 1964


Box 9 New York State Senate Newspaper Clippings, 1963-1965


Box 9 Clippings of Biographical Interviews, 1964


Box 9 New York State Council on Employment and Unemployment Payment Stubs, 1958-1964


Box 9 New York State Council on Employment and Unemployment Correspondence, 1958-1963


Box 9 Sororities who Honored Constance Baker Motley, 1964

Series V: Manhattan Borough Presidency, 1964-1966



Box 10 Campaign Literature, 1965. List of donors, pamphlets, advertisements


Box 10 Election Clippings, 1964


Box 10 Manhattan Borough Presidency Clippings, 1965


Box 10 Personal Data Questionnaire, 8, February1965


Box 10 Testimonial Dinner for Constance Baker Motley, 1965. Invitations


Box 10 The Report of A Survey of Attitudes of Harlem Residents Toward Housing, Rehabilitation, and Urban Renewal, August 1966

Series VI: U.S. District Court Judgeship (Judicial Years), 1966-1995


Subseries VI.A.: Cases, 1967-1994



Box 11 Mary McLeod vs. Raymond Dean d/b/a/ Dean's Protective Service, et al., 21 February1967


Box 11 Tizio Buda vs. Royal Netherlands SS Company , March13, 1967


Box 11 Irwin Jacwin v. Beneficial Fire and Casualty Company , March29, 1967


Box 11 Myers vs. Town of Harrison , December 19, 1969


Box 11 United States of America vs. Vincent Alo , September 26, 1970


Box 11 United States of America vs. Leon Goldberg , December 16, 1971


Box 11 United States of America vs. Robert McKee , January 28, 1972


Box 11 United States of America vs. Pedro Santiago , February21, 1973


Box 11 United States of America vs. Joseph Marando, et al. , July 24, 1973


Box 11 United States of America vs. Salvatore Cioffi , September 19-24, 1973


Box 11 Raymond Scanapico vs. Clark Equipment Co., Inc. , May 7, 1974


Box 11 Rasmussen vs. Toia , September 13, 1976


Box 11 Tomas Rosario, Ovidio Vega and Ray Cabel vs. Abe Dolgen, et al , April 27, 1978


Box 11 United States of America vs. Arthur Badillo , 1981


Box 11 Olsen vs. City of New York , March, 1985


Box 11 Notable Civil Trial Opinions, 1988-1994


Box 11 Summaries of Historic Cases of Judge Constance Baker Motley, by Kim Eisler, 1995



Box 12 Judicial Years: Nomination to Federal Judge 1966 Articles and ephemera, 1966


Box 12 Judicial Years: Newspaper Articles, 1960s


Box 12 Judicial Years: Newspaper Articles, 1970s


Box 12 Immigration and Naturalization Ceremony, December, 1972


Box 12 Constance Baker Motley Apartments Dedication, 1972


Box 12 Discussion on Politics and Government, Quotes from the Twenty-First Century Conference, League of Women Voters Education Fund, March22, 1973


Box 12 A Proposal for New York University Law School in Connection with the Bi-Centennial Regarding Contributions of African-American Lawyers, February26, 1975


Box 12 Judicial Years: African Itinerary April, 1975 Itinerary of trip to Durban, South Africa and accompanying article, April, 1975


Box 12 Motley excerpt from Particular passions: Talks with women who have shaped our lives, 1981


Box 12 Interview with The Federal Judicial Center on Judgeship, October, 1985


Box 12 Commentator at The Federal Courts: The Next 100 Years" Symposium sponsored by the University of South Carolina School of Law September 19 and 20, 1986


Box 12 Judicial Years: Newspaper Articles, 1980s


Box 12 Judicial Years: Newspaper Articles, 1990s


Box 12 "In Memoriam, The Honorable Lloyd F. MacMahon", September 14, 1989


Box 12 Judicial Years: News Magazine and Book Articles, 1991-1994


Box 12 Interview with Chiara Andres, WGBH in Boston, Regarding President Eisenhower's Handling of Civil Rights, June 11, 1992


Box 12 Narrative of Constance Baker Motley's Life and Career, "Don't Let Nobody Turn You Around" by Catherine J. Dargan, 1994-1995


Box 12 Judicial Years: Articles on Case Rulings/Decisions, 1966-1995


Box 12 Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka: The Legal Strategy by Constance Baker Motley, undated

Series VII: Speeches, 1963-2000


Subseries VII.A.: 1960s, 1960s, 1960s



Box 13 "Desegregation: What it Means to the Medical Professions and the Responsibilities it Places on the Negro Professionals" Before the John A. Andrew Clinical Society, April 21, 1963


Women's City Club of New York, November 19, 1963


Box 13 Speech before the New York Ethical Culture Society, March15, 1964


Box 13 Women's Bar Association, December 8, 1966


Box 13 Remarks to Hadassah on Receiving the Myrtle Wreath Award, December 14, 1966


Box 13 "Equal Justice Under Law-A New Dimension" Before the Columbia Law School Alumni


Box 13 Association, January 27, 1967


Box 13 "The Quest for a New Equality" Before the United Church Women of Lower Middlesex County, April 29, 1967


Box 13 "Emancipation: The Constitutional and Legal Struggle which Ensued", 1960s


Box 13 Undated Miscellaneous Speeches 1960s, Undated, 1960s


Subseries VII.B.: 1970s, 1972-1979


Box 13 Remarks Before the YMCA Annual Meeting, April 26, 1972


Box 13 Dedication Ceremony of the Constance Baker Motley Apartments, New Haven, Connecticut, May 14, 1972


Box 13 Commencement Ceremonies at Quinnipiac College, Hamden, Connecticut, May 27, 1972


Box 13 "'Law and Order' and the Criminal Justice System", Northwestern University School of Law, April 24, 1973


Box 13 Remarks at Testimonial Dinner, Orange, New Jersey, June 22, 1973


Box 13 "Twenty Years Later-My Personal Recollections of Brown and Some Personal Comments on Its Impact and Implementation," University of Notre Dame, March21, 1974


Box 13 "In Response to Dean Sovern's 2-1-1 Plan"-Remarks at Fifth Annual Law Symposium, Columbia Law School, March23, 1974


Box 13 Remarks at 17th Annual Dean's Day, New York University of Law School, October 26, 1974


Box 13 Remarks on Crime and Punishment at Seattle, Washington Conference, December 19, 1975


Box 13 "The Continuing American Revolution," Bicentennial Meeting of the Association for the Study of Afro-American Life and History, Atlanta, Georgia, October 16, 1975


Box 13 "Proposal for Rationalizing Sentencing," Institute for Trial Judges, Hunter College, October 29, 1975


Box 13 "Securing the Rights of the Individual in an Organized Society," Brattleboro Forum, Vermont, April 2, 1976


Box 13 "Two Hundred Years of Law and Liberty," Shippensburg State College, May 3, 1976


Box 13 "The Role of the Federal Courts in Establishing Justice," American Revolution Bicentennial Committee, Westport, Connecticut, October 21, 1976


Box 13 Remarks at Law Day 1977-Gate City Bar Association, Atlanta, Georgia, May 4, 1977


Box 13 Address at the Graduate and Professional Schools' Convocation, Rutgers University, June 3, 1977


Box 13 "Eliminating Disparities and Disproportionality in Sentencing," Constitutional Law Conference, Los Angeles, September 17, 1977


Box 13 Remarks in Honor of the Honorable Matthew J. Perry, Charleston, South Carolina, October 8, 1977


Box 13 Remarks for the Distinguished Visitors Program, University of Connecticut School of


Box 13 Law, November 21, 1977


Box 13 "Some New Perspectives on Justice," Cleveland State University Law School, December 1, 1977


Box 13 Remarks Upon the Presentation of the Personal Papers of Ernest Nathan Morial, Amistad Research Center, New Orleans, April 30, 1978


Box 13 "Should Corporate Laws Function to Restrain Anti-Social and Illegal Conduct?," ALI-ABA Regional Symposium on the Structure and Governance of Corporations, May 4-6, 1978


Box 13 Remarks on Tribute to Black Women, Alpha Phi Alpha Convention, Minneapolis


Box 13 Minnesota, August 2, 1978


Box 13 Remarks at Women's Division Luncheon-National Bar Association, Hollywood, Florida, August 15, 1978


Box 13 Remarks on 25th Anniversary of Brown v. Board of Education, Philadelphia Area Lawyers' Wives Inc., March24, 1979


Box 13 Remarks on 25th Anniversary of Brown v. Board of Education, University of Montevallo, Alabama, May 1, 1979


Box 13 Remarks to Women's Forum Upon Receiving Medal of Achievement, Yale University, May 6, 1979


Box 13 Remarks Upon Receiving Honorary Degree at Spelman College, Atlanta, Georgia, May 20, 1979


Box 13 Remarks at the National Bar Association's Tribute to Thurgood Marshall, the NAACP, and NAACP


Box 13 Legal Defense and Education Fun on the 25th Anniversary of Brown v. Board of Education, 1979


Subseries VII.C.: 1980s, 1980s


Box 13 "The Law as an Instrument of Social Change," University of Montana Law School, March29, 1980


Box 13 Remarks to the Hawaii State Bar Association, Honolulu, May 1, 1980


Box 13 "Prisoners' Rights-Rights of Mental Patients, Recent Developments in the Law, American


Box 13 Psychiatric Association Convention, San Francisco, May 7, 1980


Box 13 Law School Graduation Address, University of Puget Sound School of Law, Tacoma, Washington, May 11, 1980


Box 13 Remarks for One Hundredth Anniversary-Episcopal Churchwomen of Connecticut-Hartford, Connecticut, November 9, 1980


Box 13 "Reflections on the Role of a Federal District Judge," Douglas College, April 1, 1981


Box 13 Remarks Before the NBA Judicial Council Meeting, St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands, January 30, 1982


Box 13 Remarks Before the Women and Work Conference, Smith College, March10, 1982


Box 13 Remarks at 25th Anniversary of Puerto Rican Bar Association, New York, October 29, 1982


Box 13 Remarks at the 2nd Annual Rivers Toney Watson Dinner, December 3, 1982


Box 13 "A Nation of Litigators-The Constitution Its Sword," New York County Lawyers Annual Bar Dinner, December 9, 1982


Box 13 Remarks at Honoring of Edwin Thomas-Gate City Bar Association, Atlanta, Georgia, September 24, 1983


Box 13 Remarks at Queens College Law School, October 21, 1983


Box 13 Remarks at Fourteenth Annual Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Breakfast, Boston, Massachusetts, January 16, 1984


Box 13 Remarks at the Presentation of the Charles Evans Hughes Award to Beverly Sills, March5, 1984


Box 13 Remarks at the Second Circuit Historical Committee's Exhibit: The Courthouse at Foley Square, April 17, 1985


Box 13 Address at University of North Dakota School of Law Graduation, May 9, 1987


Box 13 "Massive Resistance: America's Second Civil War," University of Arkansas School of Law, September 23-25, 1987


Box 13 Remarks at the 200th Anniversary of the United States Constitution Commemoration of the United States Supreme Court, Philadelphia, October 2, 1987


Box 13 "Race Discrimination Cases: The Legacy of Justice Lewis F. Powell, November 5, 1987


Box 13 Remarks at the Holmes-Hunter Lecture, University of Georgia, November 20, 1987


Box 13 "Minority Representation on Juries: From Swain v. Alabam a to Batson v. Kentucky--and Beyond," University of Kansas, 1987


Box 13 Remarks at C.B. King Memorial, Albany, Georgia, March18-19, 1988


Box 13 Remarks for the King-Tisdell Bicentennial Project, Savannah State College, December 11, 1987


Box 13 Remarks at the NAACP Legal Defense and Education Fund Award to Judge Robert L. Carter, March25, 1988


Box 13 Remarks at the Second Circuit Historical Committee Opening of the Meredith Exhibit, United States Courthouse Lobby, December 14, 1988


Box 13 Remarks at the Civil Rights Movement and the Law--A National Symposium, University of Mississippi, March31-April 2, 1989


Box 13 "The Roles of Women in Civil Rights Struggles," Carter G. Woodson Institute for Afro-American and African Studies, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, May 31, 1989


Box 13 "To Establish Justice," Fraunces Tavern Museum Reception, September 21, 1989


Box 13 Address at the Pitkin Memorial Lecture on the Amistad Case, New Haven Colony Historical Society, September 25, 1989


Box 13 Remarks as Chairman of Committee on Court History, on the Occasion of the Court's Observance of Its Two Hundredth Anniversary, November 3, 1989


Box 13 "The Supreme Court--Civil Rights Litigation--and Déjà vu," Cornell University, November 30, 1989


Subseries VII.D.: 1990s and 2000s, 1990-2003



Box 14 Address at Martin Luther King Jr. Lectures, Vanderbilt University School of Law, January 24, 1990


Box 14 Commencement Address, Tulane University School of Law, May 13, 1990


Box 14 "Opportunities for Minorities in the Legal Profession--A Look at the Judiciary," University of Kansas School of Law, September 25, 1990


Box 14 Remarks for Design Award Ceremony for the New Foley Square Courthouse, March29, 1991


Box 14 Columbia Law School Commencement Address, May 15, 1991


Box 14 Claremont Address-Panel on the Bill of Rights, Claremont University Center and Graduate School, May 18, 1991


Box 14 "The Legacy of Brown," Fordham University School of Law Tribute to Justice Thurgood


Box 14 Marshall, March24, 1992


Box 14 Remarks at New York City Bar Association's Tribute to Justice Thurgood Marshall, March24, 1992


Box 14 "Opportunities for Minorities in the Legal Profession--A Look at the Judiciary," American Bar Association Convention, San Francisco, August 7, 1992


Box 14 Remarks at the Annual Cannon Lecture, University of Toledo College of Law, October 14, 1992


Box 14 "Thurgood Marshall, an Authentic American Hero," Marshall Tributes, August 17, 1993


Box 14 "Higher Education and Affirmation Action," Indiana University School of Law, October 6, 1993


Box 14 Memorial Service for Justice Thurgood Marshall, 1993 November 15, 1993, 1993, November 15, 1993


Box 14 "The Violence that Accompanied Desegregation in Mississippi," Trinity College, Burlington, Vermont, October 5, 1994


Box 14 Remarks at the Celebration of the African-American Contribution to the Legal Community, Association of the Bar of the City of New York, November 1, 1994


Box 14 "The Roles of Women in Civil Rights Struggles," New York Federal Women's History Program, The New York Federal Executive Board, April 4, 1995


Box 14 Response Upon Receipt of the "Distinguished Alumni Award," Columbia University, April 4, 1996


Box 14 Remarks at the Thurgood Marshall Commemorative Luncheon, Association of the Bar of the City of New York, April 24, 1996


Box 14 Remarks at the Memorial Service for Haywood Burns, City College, May 7, 1996


Box 14 "The Road from Brown," University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, September 30, 1996


Box 14 Response as Recipient of the 20th Anniversary Gala Award of the Association of Black Women Attorneys, October 5, 1996


Box 14 Remarks at the Kate Stoneman Day Celebration, Albany Law School, April 30, 1997


Box 14 Remarks at the NAACP Legal Defense and Education Fund's Dinner Gala, Washington D.C., May 21, 1997


Box 14 Remarks at the Annual Dinner & Installation of Officers, Westchester Women's Bar Association, Mamaroneck, New York, June 11, 1997


Box 14 Remarks for the James Weldon Johnson Award to Jessye Norman, The Schomburg


Box 14 Center, December 21, 1997


Box 14 Remarks at the Stanley H. Fuld Award Presentation Section on Commercial and Federal Litigation, New York State Bar Association, January 28, 1998


Box 14 Remarks at the Panel Discussion "Challenges of Black Leadership and Responsibility in the New Millenium," Paul Robeson Symposium, Columbia Law School, April 18, 1998


Box 14 "The New Face of Civil Rights," University of Southern Alabama, May 13, 1998


Box 14 Remarks at Forum 98, University of Rochester, July 16, 1998


Box 14 "America's Twentieth Century Activists," National Women's Studies Assocation, SUNY


Box 14 Oswego, June 13, 1998


Box 14 Remarks Upon Receiving the Emory Buckner Award, November 22, 2000


Box 14 Remarks at the Amistad Celebration, New Haven, Connecticut, July 15, 2000


Box 14 Remarks at the Association of Black Women Attorneys Annual Meeting, September 30, 2003

Series VIII: Publications, 1963-1996


Subseries VIII.A.: 1960s, 1963



Box 15 "James Meredith In Perspective," The Crisis January, 1963


Subseries VIII.B: 1970s, 1973-1978


Box 15 "Law and Order," The Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 1973


Box 15 "The Continuing American Revolution," The Journal of Negro History, January, 1976


"Prisoner's Rights," Brooklyn Law Review, Volume XLII Spring, 1976"


Box 15 "The Legal Status of the Black American," The Black American Reference Book, 1976


Box 15 "I Remember the Tumultuous Years and Thurgood Marshall," Harvard Civil Rights Civil Liberties Law Review Spring, 1978


Box 15 "Federal Jurisdiction," Brooklyn Law Review, Volume XLIV Summer, 1978 Commentary, 1978


Subseries VIII.C.: 1980s, 1987-1989


Box 15 "Race Discrimination Cases: The Legacy of Justice Lewis F. Powell," Suffolk University Law Review Winter, 1987


Box 15 "Massive Resistance: America's Second Civil War," Arkansas Law Review, 1988


Box 15 "Remarks on Holmes-Hunter Lecture," The Harvard Blackletter Journal Spring, 1988


Box 15 "Some Recollections of My Career," Law and Inequality, May, 1988


Box 15 "Desegregation and Education," Mississippi Law Journal Fall, 1988


Box 15 "Civil Rights: Our Legacy and our Responsibility," North Dakota Law Review, 1988


Box 15 "Standing on His Shoulders: Thurgood Marshall's Early Career," The Harvard Blackletter Journal Spring, 1989


Subseries VIII.D.: 1990s, 1990-1996


Box 15 "The Legal Aspects of the Amistad Case," Journal of the New Haven Colony Historical Society, 1990


Box 15 "In Memoriam: Honorable Lloyd F. MacMahon (1912-1989)," West's Federal Supplement, 1990


Box 15 "The Supreme Court, Civil Rights Litigation, and Déjà Vu," Cornell Law Review, March, 1991


Box 15 "Thurgood Marshall: A Personal Tribute," Ms. September /October, 1991


Box 15 "My Personal Debt to Thurgood Marshall," The Yale Law Journal, October, 1991


Box 15 "Civil Rights-Civil Liberties Litigation in the U.S. Supreme Court," Harvard Blackletter Journal Spring, 1992


Box 15 "The Historical Setting of 'Brown' and its Impact on the Supreme Court's Decisions," Fordham Law Review, October, 1992


Box 15 "Tribute: In Memory of Thurgood Marshall," New York University Law Review, May, 1993


Box 15 "Remarks at the Thurgood Marshall Commemorative Luncheon," Brooklyn Law Review Summer, 1996


Subseries VIII.E.: 2000s, 2004, 2004


Box 15 "Reflections on Justice Before and After Brown," Fordham Urban Law Journal, December, 2004


Box 15 "The Brown Case Transformed American Society," in On the Right Side of History: Lessons from Brown, 2004


Subseries VIII.F.: Collected Publications, 1937-2005



Box 22 Biographiocal Essays/Legal Career, 1995-2005


Box 22 Charles L. Blockson Afro-American Collection, Temple University


Box 22 Daily Worker , 27 April 1940


Box 22 C. W. Blakeslee -- Construction


Box 22 John Douglas House, 1745


Box 22 Louisville & Nashville RR--Menu, 27 April 1941


Box 22 "Get on the Bus" (brochure), 16 October 1996


Box 22 Miscellaneous


Box 22 Pageant - Constance Baker Motley "Race Relations", February 1964


Box 22 Pfister Hotel and Tower, Milwaukee, WI, (Brochure)


Box 22 PIC , November 1946


Box 22 Race Relations Law Survey, Vanderbilt University, School of Law, 1969-1970 (2 folders), 1969-1970


Box 22 76th Congress, 3rd Session, H.R.8615, 22 February 1940


Box 22 "Survey of Magistrate Positions Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts", June 1986

Series IX: Events and Tributes, 1963-2004



Box 16 Programs from College and University Functions, 1963-1992


Invitations 1963-1990s Includes invitations to the White House for Emancipation Proclomation Centennial, Thurgood Marshall memorial observance, and other events., 1963-1990s


Box 16 Award Certificates to Constance Baker Motley 1967-1985 Includes American Bar Association certification, 1967-1985


Box 16 Press Releases of Events-Miscellaneous, 1968-1995


Box 16 Tribute to "A Giant of Civil Rights"-Attorney C.B. King, March18-19, 1988



Box 17 Programs from Civic and Legal Functions, 1966-1993


Box 17 Miscellaneous Programs, Services, and Celebrations, 1972-1989


Box 17 Conference on Blacks and the American Political Process-Harvard University, October 29, 1977


Box 17 Museum of Afro American History-Boston, MA 1987 1990, 1987, 1990


Box 17 Southern University Law Center Fiftieth Anniversary, Baton Rouge, Lousiana, 1997


Box 17 Forum 98: 150th Anniversary of Women's Rights July, 1998 Includes agenda, Declaration of Sentiments, Forum 98 information, clippings, July, 1998


Box 17 Forum 98: 150th Anniversary of Women's Rights Publications and Publicity, 1998


Box 17 Honorary Degree at the 145th Commencement of Syracuse University, May 15-16, 1999


Box 17 Citizen Medal, The White House, January 8, 2001


Box 17 Harvard Celebration of the 50th Anniversary of Brown v. Board of Education April, 2004 Event information, correspondence and publications, April, 2004


Box 17 Cardozo School of Law Commemorates Brown v. Board of Education, April, 2004


Box 17 Lifetime Contribution Award, The Greater New Haven African-American Historical Society, May 16, 2004


Box 17 Gala Event Commemorating Brown v. Board of Education, Washington D.C. (NAACP Legal Defense and Education Fund), May 17, 2004


Box 17 Brown Plus 50: A Renewed Agenda for Social Justice, New York University, May, 2004


Box 17 Miscellaneous Events, 1964-1995

Series X: Audio-Visual Materials, 1950s-2000s


Subseries X.A.: Photographs, 1950s-1990s



Box 18 Miscellaneous Photographs-Early Years, 1950s-1960s


Box 18 NAACP Legal Defense and Education Fund Years, 1960-1964


Box 18 Mississippi Social Function, 1962


Box 18 A.D. King, 1963 March, 1963, 1963, March, 1963


Box 18 Alabama School Desegregation, 1964


Box 18 Manhattan Borough President Years-Harlem Projects, 1964-1966


Box 18 Smith College Honorary Degree, 1965


Box 18 Federation Hall Famous Immigrants Honor, 1966 September 16


Box 18 Iowa Wesleyan Honorary Degree, 1969


Box 18 Fordham University Honorary Degree, 1970


Box 18 Charles Evans Hughes Award, 1970 November


Box 18 Second Annual Memorial Tea for the Late Mary Cardwell Dawson at the Metropolitan Opera House, 1972 February 13


Box 18 Constance Baker Motley Apartments Dedication, 1972


Box 18 American Bar Association Convention, NYU Reception, 1975


Box 18 Yale Moot Court, 1977


Box 18 Charles Evans Hughes Award-Beverly Sills, 1984 March 5


Box 18 New Haven Street Naming, 1984 September 15


Box 18 Honorary Degree from Yale University, 1987


Box 18 University of Connecticut Honorary Degree, 1990 May 20


Box 18 Claremont College Honorary Degree, 1991, 1991


Box 18 Federal Bar Association and National Bar Association Tribute to Federal Black Judges -- Black Women Federal District Court Judges, 1992


Box 18 National Women's Hall of Fame, In Seneca Falls, New York, 1993, 1993


Middlebury College, Vermont Honorary Degree, 1994


Box 18 United States Judges of the Southern District, 1960s, 1991, 1993


Box 18 Honorary Degree at the 145th Commencement of Syracuse University, 1999 May 15


Box 18 Brown v. Board of Education 50th Anniversary, Yale University, 2004 April 3


Box 18 With William Robert Ming at the Statler Hotel, undated


Box 18 Miscellaneous Photographs of the Judicial Years, 1960s-1990s


Box 18 Portraits, 1960s-1990s


Subseries X.B.: Audiotapes , 1983-1994, undated



Box 19 24 cassettes


Box 19 12 microcassettes


Box 19 Judge Motley and Ms. Winnefred Norman, 1993 September 15


Box 19 Motley Interview, 1993 October 10, 2 audiocassettes


Box 19 Interview to Charles Stern Regarding Desegregation of Lincoln Elementary School in New Rochelle, NY in 1963, 1993 November 17


Box 19 Interview to Legislative Women's Caucus, Incorporated, 1993 November 9, 2 audiocassettes


Box 19 Judge Motley Interview, 1994 April 8, 2 audiocassettes


Box 19 Interview to Junie Francois, 1994 May 6


Box 19 Interview to Patricia Herman regarding Plessy v. Ferguson, 1994 May 12


Box 19 Progress Report to Columbia, Interview to Dorothea Lockhart, 1994 June


Box 19 Motley Interview, 1994 July 18-20, 2 audiocassettes


Box 19 Judge Motley at Home


Box 19 Interview to Catherine Dargan and Junie Francois regarding Judge Motley's Contributions to the Civil Rights Movement


Box 19 Black Law Student Association, Judge A. Leon Higginbotham, 1982 October 18


Box 19 James Meredith


Box 19 Margaret Alexander


Box 19 Thurgood Marshall


Box 19 Miscellaneous Tapes Unlabeled


Box 19 Gene Burns Radio Program, 1991 October 15


Box 19 Interview, 1983 July 20, 1 microcassettes


Box 19 Interview about the NAACP Legal Defense and Education Fund, 1988 October 8


Box 19 1988 Microcassette, 1988


Box 19 University of Maine Law School Interview, 1991, 1 microcassettes


Box 19 University of Maine Interview, 1993 July 19-20, 1 microcassettes


Box 19 University of Maine Interview, 1993 July 22, 1 microcassettes


Box 19 Interview with Darell Tyson, 1994, 1 microcassettes


Box 19 Interview on Family, 1994 April 17-24, 1 microcassettes


Box 19 Interview with Marion Wilson on Fisk University Reunion, 1994 April 29, 1 microcassettes


Box 19 Miscellaneous Microcassettes, Unlabeled, undated


Subseries X.C.: Videotapes, 1980s-2000s



Box 20 "Tuttle/Motley, In-Class 'Rough', 2P Generation", Undated


Box 20 "Documentary-Memphis, TN-Civil Rights Pioneers", 1996 April 22


Box 20 "Tuttle/Motley on Brown v. Board of Education", 1988 August 25, 3 videocassettes (VHS)


Box 20 "Jackie Mason Show", undated


Box 20 "A&E Biography - Thurgood Marshall, Justice for All", 2004, 2 videocassettes (VHS)


Box 20 "Legacy: Judge Constance Baker Motley, Interviewed by Nancy Kilson", undated


Box 20 "Forum: Martin Luther King Jr. Convocation", 1992 January 20, 2 videocassettes (VHS)


Box 20 "Judge Constance Baker Motley Russell Sage College Founder's Convocation", 1997 September 25


Box 20 "Bicentennial of U.S. Constitution, Federal Square, New York City", 1987 September 17


Box 20 "The Road to Brown-Charles Houston (Motley Comments), Unversity of Virginia", undated


Box 20 "Journey for Justice: The A.P. Tureaud Story. A Documentary by Rachel L. Emanuel, Ph.D.", 1996


Box 20 "Judge Baker Motley: Just the Beginning", 1992 September 19

Series XI: Over-sized Documents



Box 21 JET magazines, 1959 June 25-1968 April 25


Box 21 Copy of Emancipation Proclamation, 1863


Box 21 LIFE Magazine-Death of Martin Luther King, Jr., 1968 April 19


Box 21 EBONY Magazine-"Top Woman Civil Rights Lawyer" article on Constance Baker Motley, 1963 January


Box 21 Saturday Evening Post-Article on James Meredith, 1962 November 10


Box 21 Miscellaneous Newspaper Clippings, 1962-1965


Box 21 Whitman-Walker Clinic, Inc. --"The News"



Box 23 Connecticut Historical Papers-photocopies


Box 23 Copy of "Declaration of Racial Interdependence", undated


Box 23 Constance Baker Motley Family Research, undated

Series XII: Miscellaneous Materials, 1963-1990s



Box 24 Bus sign "For Colored Passengers", undated


Box 24 Transcript Excerpt of Columbia University Oral History Project Interview, 1978


Box 24 Ford Foundation Grant for the Papers of Constance Baker Motley Project-Proposal, 1993


Box 24 Ford Foundation Grant for the Papers of Constance Baker Motley Project-Budget, 1993-1996


Box 24 Transcript of "Thurgood Marshall" Audiotape, undated


Box 24 Equal Justice Under Law: An Autobiography, by Constance Baker Motley, 1999